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^ i 










British Chess Magazine, 



British Chess Magazine 









T. LONG, B.A., 

H. J. 



J. G. 



A. £• 



TOJi. TI. 1886 

HuDDEBSFiELD : J. E. Wheatley & Co., New Street, 
London: Trubner & Co., Ludgatb Hill. 
New York: Brentano, 5, Union Square. 









}^[the numbers refir to the pages throughout.) 





Adams v. Mead, 876 
Amateur i;. C. W., 13, 14 
Askham v. Bennett, 242 
Aspav. Bolt, 103 
Bamett v. Harvey, 457 

,, V. Pollock, 454, 458 
Bennett v. Stokoe, 243 
Bird V. Pollock, 324 
Blackburne v. Barn, 332 
V. Burt, 277 
V. Harsant, 276 
V. Hunt, Dal ton, and 

Jayne, 272 
V. Jones (F. G.), 136 
i;. Mortimer, 325 
„ V, Vevers, 53 

Blake V. White, 275, 417 
Bum V. Bird, 315, 316 
V. Lipschiitz, 333 
V. Mackenzie, 378, 381, 883 
„ V. Pollock, 425, 427 
,, V. Schallopp, 329 
Butler V. Mead, 273 
Cheshire v. Blake, 138 
Colborne v. Long, 278 

,, V. Hudson, 387 
Crake v. Brown, 245 
Crum V. Barry, 104 
Dadian (Prince) v. Boulitchoflf, 239 
Downer v. Mead, 274 
Dryasdust v. Giglamps, 2, 5 
Duke V. Jones (U. F. ), 237 
Erskine v. Morphy, 135 
Fisher v. Bums, 240 
Forth V. Grimshaw, 238 
Freeborough v. Mr. C, 375 



Gossip V. Fisher, 385 
Grimshaw v. Mr. B., 374 

„ V. Love, 103 
Gunsberg v. Bird, 318 

„ V. Mackenzie, 322 

,, V. Schallopp, 321 
Gwinuer v. Erskine, 271 
Hirschfeld v. Lord, 270 
Hooke V, Wayte, 235 
Jacobs V. Butler, 245 

„ v. Pollock, 452 
Jones V. Tibbets, 459 
Lipschiitz v. Pollock, 819 
Mackenzie v. Lipschtitz, 466 
Mackenzie v. Rynd, 52 
Mills V. Thorold, 461 
Mortimer v. Bird, 335 
Paris V. Vienna, 16, 46 
Parker v. Ayre, 137 
Peake v. Pollock, 51 
Pierce v. Nash, 12 
Pollock V. Blackburne, 827, 428 
Ranken v. Lowenthal, 418, 419 
V. Owen, 377 
V. Pollock, 48 
„ V. Thorold, 49 
Bumboll V. Vernon, 463 
Russell V. Pierce, 422 
Ryndv. Editor of Irish Sportsman, 114 
Schulten v. Stanley, 401 
Steinitzv. Zukertort, 69, 63, 106, 111, 

141, 145, 176, 181, 189, 193 
Taubeuhaus v. Burn, 420 

,, V. Gunsberg, 330 

Zukertort v. Schallopp, 421 

V. Steinitz, 55, 61, 105, 109, 
112, 143, 150, 178, 185, 191 



Allgaier (Hamppe), 322 
,, (Eieseritzky), 419 
„ (Thorold), 375 

Bishop's Gambit, 239 

Centre Gambit, 330, 463 

Diamond Chess, 114 

English Opening, 46, 278, 815 

Evans Gambit, 418, 459 
,, ,, declined, 428 

Fianchetto, 877 

Four Knights' Game, 143 

French Opening, 237, 240, 242, 827, 

378, 387, 467 
Giuoco Piano, 5, 13, 14, 245, 276, 420 
Irregular, 243, 316, 318, 319, 876^ 

381, 383, 385, 421, 425, 427 
King's Gambit, 374 

,, „ declined, 325 

Muzio Gambit, 238 
Pawn and Move, 51, 52, 452 

Pawn and Two Moves, 458 

Philidor's Defence, 58 

Pierce's Gambit, 12 

Queen's Gambit declined, 55, 61, 104, 

105, 109, 112, 150, 178, 186, 191 
Ray Lopez, 15, 48, 63, 106, 111, 

135, 141, 146, 176, 181, 189, 274, 
Sicilian Defence, 461 [321, 383, 335 

Scotib Gambit 2, 49. 59, 103, 136, 
138. 235. 237, 272. 278, 276, 
277, 824, 332, 417, 422 
Staonton'a Opening, 137 
Steinitz Gambit, 193 
Three Knights' Game, 270 
Two „ „ 271. 829 

Vienna Opening, 14, 108, 245, 454 

29, 72, 120, 166, 217, 250, 300, 368, 405, 441, 481 

Reviews : — 
Chess Sonvenirs, 444 
C. W. of Sunbury's Problems, 215 

Lyons's Chess-Nat Barrs. 81, 219, 868 
Miles's Chess Problems, 73 
Tonmey Problem Markinj^ 280 


^abnm Citizen, 167 

Baltimore Sunday News, 167, 407 

B. C. Association, 405 

B. C. M. No. IV., 300, 368, 445 

,, End-Game, 30 

„ „ Solutions, 31, 123, 222 

Bohemian Club, 251 
Buffalo Times, 407 
Illastrated Family Journal, 251 

Irish Chess Association, 258 
Irish Sportsman, 30 
Jemtlands Tidning, 121 
Liverpool Weekly Courier, 168, 218, 

481, 484 
Milwaukee Sunday Telegraph, 261 
Mirror, 29, 121, 218, 250 
Ottawa Daily Citizen, 448 
Sheffield Budget, 406 

82, 121, 168, 220, 252, 804, 871, 407, 447, 




Challenqe Problems : — 

A. F. Mackenzie, 370, 407, 440 
A. Townsend, 450, 482 

B. C. M. End-Game Tourney, 
Positions 10 to 12, 36 
„ 13 to 15, 127 
„ 16 to 17, 134 
Award of the Judge, 246 

Abbott, 482 

Andrews, 73, 166, 227, 254, 302, 868, 

Aspa, 368 [410, 448, 485 

Bettmann, 250 

Bremner, 76, 164, 254 

Bull, 484 

Campbell, 33 

Chancellor, 33, 409 

Canningham, 406 

O. W. of Sunbury, 34, 216 (2), 217 (2) 

Frankenstein, 35, 250, 406, 410, 485 

Geijersstam, 302, 372, 449 

Gold, 449, 486 

Grimshaw, 34, 120, 166, 252 

Hart, 218, 227, 803, 372 

Healey, 33, 76 

Berlin, 252 

Hoist, 164 

Hiilsen, 128, 165, 226, 254, 449 

Jespersen, 165, 802, 872 

Eeeble, 486 

Laws, 35, 73, 76, 128, 165, 226, 872, 

Liberali, 410 [409, 442, 444, 448, 485 

Lindquist, 484 

Loyd, 220 

Lyons, 83, 220 

Mackenzie, 128, 227, 255, 870 

Martindale, 442 

Meisling, 449 

Miles, 218, 410, 448, 486 

Pearson, 34 

Phelps, 83 

Plachutta, 74 

Planck, 35, 253, 255, 409, 485 

Pradignat, 255 

Romeyn, 297 

Rowland, Mrs., 258 

Shinkman, 220 
Slater, 409, 444, 448 
Stahl, 441 
Teed, 308 
Townsend, 442 
Tuckett, 76, 254, 303, 486 
Walsh, 253 
Wills, 442 

Winkler, 128, 164, 226 
Winter- Wood, 445 

Acrostic, 461 

Almondbury Grammar School, Hud- 

dersfield, 27 
An Old Fashioned Pair of Problems, 
Berlin Pleiads, The, 41, 77 [166 

British Chess Association Second 

Annual Congress, 339, 390 
Chess Genius and Practical Ability, 
Charade, 472 [285 




Chess in : — 
America, 27, 69, 115, 153, 210, 256, 

296, 863, 394, 435, 470 
Australia, 28, 158, 212, 257, 298, 436, 



Austria, 70, 210, 863, 472 

Bath, 259, 473 

Bavaria, 297 

Birmingham, 101 

Bradford, 71 

Brighton, 403 

Bristol, 101, 163, 214, 408 

Canada, 257, 298, 435 

Cardiff, 259 

Cuba, 257, 395 

Cumberland, 168 

Denmark, 212 

Essex, 197 

France, 70, 117, 209, 256, 362, 472 

Germany, 28, 117, 153, 210, 256, 297, 

362, 395, 437, 472 
Grimsby, 214 
Holland, 117 
Hull, 71 
Ireland, 24, 67, 96, 161, 203, 288, 

290, 365, 392, 412 
Italy, 117, 153, 211, 396, 472 
Leamington, 99 
Liverpool, 102 
London, 19, 66, 94, 169, 196, 259, 

294, 389, 430, 474 
Manchester, 102, 438, 478 
Norfolk, 403 
Oxford, 26 

Rochdale, 26, 101, 258, 439, 474 
Russia, 117, 256, 298, 396, 437, 472 
Scotland, 23, 67, 98, 197, 292, 364, 

392, 403, 484, 478 
Staflford, 214 
Southampton, 71 

Surrey, 22, 66, 161, 197, 262, 433 
Sussex, 262, 293 
Sweden, 29 
Switzerland, 256 
Wigan, 101 
Worcester, 26 

Chess Jottings, 26, 71, 99, 163, 218, 

257, 298, 861, 401, 438, 478 
Chess Match, The, 411 


jChess Playing bv Telephone, 103 

Poetry, 1^ 37, 129, 228, 229, 
265, 373, 411, 440, 451, 480 
Telegrams, 397 
Correspondence, 314, 369 

,, Games by Book Post, 400 
Counties Chess Association, 360, 399 
End-Game, Interesting, 93 
„ Games, 225, 259, 264, 299, 301, 
337, 404, 446 
Death of T. J. Beardsell, 478 
J. G. Belden, 296 
Dr. C. M. Ingleby, 416 
„ J. C. Romeyn, 297 
Errata, 26, 92 
Game of Chess, A., 129 
Generalship, 805 
Holiday Play, 2 
Irish Chess Association, 412 
Lovers Playing Chess, 265 
Lucy G., 37 
Match betwebn— 

Bird and Bum, 262, 294, 816 

,, Gunsberg, 295 
Mackenzie and Burn, 361, 378, 391 
„ Lipschiitz, 435, 470 

Oxford and Cambridge, 171 
Paris and Vienna, 16, 46 
St George's and City of London 

Chess Clubs, 164 
Steinitz and Zukertort, 64, 106, 116, 

139, 176 

Morphy, Chess Reminiscences o^ 282 

Nervous Man, The, 229 

Notices to Correspondents, 18, 46, 

119, 162, 212, 234, 299, 871, 

396, 446, 481 
Old Steinitz the Champion, 873 
Parliamentary Gambit, The, 440 
Photograph of Problemists (Frontis- 
Pierce Gambit, 7, 87, 309 [piece) 

Provincial Play, No. II., 130 

No. III., 266 



Review : — 
Long's Peeps at the Openings, 118 

Rule Caissa, 1 

Russian Mare's Nest, A, 280 
Scotch Gambit, 467 
Scottish Chess Association, 198 
Souvenir Chess-board, 166 
St. George's Club Handicap, 175 
The Solver's Song, 228 
To our Readers, 469 - 
University Chess Week, 169 
Time Limit, 367 

West Yorkshire Chess Association, 
204, 242 

The British Chess Magazine, 

JANUARY. 1886. 


|HEN first the game (in Eastern Land) 
Arose within a fertile brain, 
The motto of Caissa's band 

(Still dear to all her numerous train) 
Was " Rule Caissa, 

Her banner o'er us waves ; 
No game can e'er with Chess compare, 
Nor hold such willing slaves ! " 

Though Queens and Kings less blest than thou 

Have lost their crowns beyond recall, 
No Dynasty existing now 

Shall see thy throne, Caissa, fall. 

Rule Caissa, &c. 
Still more majestic shalt thou rise 

From every rival's envious stroke : 
To take thy place some gamelet tries, 

But laughter wakes at such a joke ! 

Rule Caissa, &c. 
When unto St. Helena came 

The haughty tyrant of renown, 
'Twas thou alone his mood could tame. 

And thou relax his heavy frown. 

Rule Caissa, &c. 
In rural rectories to reign 

To thee belongs ; and also thine 
To charm the active urban brain 

Where lights in polished cities shine. 

Rule Caissa, &c. 
The muses in thy service found. 

Shall make thy praise their chiefest care. 
Blest Queen, with matchless wisdom crowned, 

Thou charmest still the brave and fair. 

Rule Caissa, <fec. 

^ :* ^ r .-• J. p. Tayloh. 




" Just another game," says Giglamps pleadingly. 
It is Doncaster race week and we are having a high time at 
Dryasdust's farm. Breakfast at 7. Dinner at 1 2. 90 minutes' drive. 
Races. Supper at 8. Chess till midnight. It is now 11-45 p.m. 
" Very well," replies Dryasdust, *' Wo may as well finish the 
week * proper.' " And he fishes out of an ancient cabinet a couple 
of bottles of a sparkling ruby vintage much approved by his 
visitors. He has evidently meant us to make a night of it. *' It 
is not true of Chess," he says, " that when the wine is in the wit 
is out. I shall look for something pretty." 

We have a good quarter of an h(^ur, which I pass over, as my 
readers, no doubt, have a burning desire to get to the Chess. I 
may as well say at once, that this paper is not meant to be at all 

Giglamps grows hilarious as he places the men, and chants 
*' Now to the contest we go, 

Every man facing a foe ; 
The King, the Queen, and the skippery Knight, 
The glibsome Rook, and the Bishop tight ; 
And each with a numble Pawn 

— in front, 
Of Battle to bear the brunt, 
— the brunt, 
Of Battle to bear the 'brunt. " 
He has the move (White) 1 P to K 4. Dryasdust follows suit 
(Black) P to K 4 ; 2 Kt to K B 3, Kt to Q B 3 ; 3 P to Q 4, 
P takes P ; 4 Kt takes P, B to B 4; 5 Kt to Kt 3— -" Blackburne's 

" Ay, ay ! " says Dryasdust. " As if I hadn't been acquainted 
with the Scotch Gambit in its long-clothes, when it was only 
known as the * Q P two game.' " 
" The Giuoco filly," 1 suggest. 

"And our friend intends to back t' FIpM, I bet," says Giglamps. 
"!Not me," says Dryasdust, in the dialect of the district, and 
plays his B to Kt 3. 

"The Field advises B to K 2," remarks Giglamps severely, 
going at him with 6 P to Q B 4. Dyasdust replies promptly with 
P to Q 3, for which Giglamps is unprepared, and shows it. 
Dryasdust starts a fresh cigar, and observes sagely that " one trick 
needs a great many more to make it good." 

7 Kt to B 3, Kt to B 3 ; 8 B to B 4.—" It would serve him 
right to pin his Knight," says Giglamps, " but such hath been 
never my counsel." 

Dryasdust retorts with Kt to K Kt 5, and the sarcastic com- 
ment on Giglamps' forbearance that " a wise man changes his 
mind.'* " That mpw," rejoins Giglamps, " frightens no one nowa- 


days. It is the ghost of a defunct idea, quit« an elderly ghost of 
easy ways." " Nevertheless ' Ahab went softly,' " returns Dryas- 
dust, aa the White Bishop falls back to Kt 3. Then follow Q to 
K B 3; 10 Q to Q 2, Oaatles ; 11 P to K B 3, Kt to K 4 ; 
12 Kt to Q 5, Q toQeq. 

" Behold," says Giglampa, oratorically, " the short lived forco 
of Immaturity — a fiery eoul, full of hot unutterabilitiee, wasting 
itself in a thousand contradictions." — 13 Castles. 

Dryasdust glances at his bookcase, and notes a displacement 
among the volumes. He grins sardonically, and replies P to B 4 ; 
1 4 P to B 4, Kt to K Kt 5 ; 15 P to K K 3, Kt to B 3 ; 16 P to 
K 5, Kt to K 5. 

" His pertinacity with that Kt is outrageous," says Giglamps. 
" But what is this 1 Everything I see is utterly improper to ba 
seen. I have only 17 Q to Q 3 to play ! " P takes P ; 18 P takes 
P, Q to Kt 4 ch ; 19 B to B 4. 'J'liis discuncerts Dryasdust, who 
thinks he has won a piece. He retreats his Q to Kt 3. " Now," 
says Giglamps, " be firm my moral pecker ! Art witliout bravery 
is good for nothing, so I am going to be brave." He advances liis 
Q B P against the Black Bishop. " One of my ideas," he adds, 
airily— 20 P to B 5. (Diagram I.) 

DlAeRAH No. I. 

White to plat his 20th move. 


This fetches Dryasdust " Thy, ideas ! ^ he ejaculates in his 
native patois. " Thou'st niver had yit, i' all thi life, lad, an idea o' 
tlu own. Thy ideas is like thi language, an' thi wit — all borrowed 

" What then ? " replies Giglamps unabashed, " They're none 
the worse for that. Beat 'em if tha can, Mester ! " 

" I'll try," says Dryasdust, and while he is inspecting the 
board, Giglamps addresses his conversation to me. " I went 
shepherding this morning, down to *t' Ings,' with Thomas, our 
friend's head man, and among other proverbial philosophy he remark^ 
ed very much to the point, that * Ivery body doesn't want to begin 
life by inventing names for t' beasts o' t' field ; that there was no 
sense in trying to do ower again what other folks had done well 
enough afore he were born ; that some folks' wisdom begins where 
other folks' left off, and that some folks' wisdom never begins at 
all ! ' Wise man, Thomas ! " 

" He'll borrow aught, this lad ! " murmurs Dryasdust. " He 
takes my ideas, ransacks my books, and picks the brains out of my 
own poor man ! " 

The play becomes wild, and the position fantastic— 20 Kt to 
B 7 j 21 Q to B 4, B to K 3 ; 22 P takes B, Kt takes K R ; 
23 Kt to Q 4. He has ideas, after all, this Giglamps ! Kt takes 
Kt — Dryasdust laments immediately that he has not taken the 
other Knight. 24 Kt to K 7 ch, K to B 2. I am carefully track- 
ing the consequences of Kt takes Q, as not entirely satisfactory for 
White, when Giglamps plays 26 Q takes P. " Best, no doubt," 
says Dryasdust, " and now I must think." 

And a long study he makes of it. '* The King's last lay/' says 

Giglamps, chanting 

** My lady, and merry men all, 

Your duty calls on you to fall ; 
To die when it's dutiful 's really beautiful, 
Never ask me, — that's all — tnat's all, 
Don't ask me to do it-^that's all." 
** That," I remark, " is undoubtedly original* I would guarantee 
it on the internal evidence." 

Dryasdust moves at last — B takes P, threatening mate ! Gig- 
lamps cannot at first see the point. " Well ! " he exclaims, when 
he finds it, "of all the foxy coves ! " and plunges into profound 
meditation. Dryasdust smokes on serenely, as usual, and inad- 
vertently quotes Giglamps' last favourite writer — " I wasn't bom 

But Giglamps hasn't even a quotation to throw at him. He 
plays 26 Kt takes P dis ch. "I dare not take the Queen," he says, 
*♦ but I fancy that's good enough." And so it turns out. 

K to K 3 ; 27 Kt takes Kt ch, K to Q 4; 28 Kt to B 2 dis ch, 
K to K 3 ; 29 R to Q 6 ch. " And wins," says Dryasdust resignedly* 
** Very well done too 1 " 


Giglamps gracionslj accepts our compliments. Diyasdust opens 
another bottle. ^* Fm going to sit up till I win/' he says, with an 
air of much determination. 

Once more the men are set in order. Dryasdust's move. He 
commences so quietly that Giglamps has not a chance of " sailing 


White (Dryasdust) 1 P to K 4, Black (Giglamps) P to K 4 ; 
2 Kt to KB 3, KttoQB3;3BtoB4, BtoB4; 4 Castles, 
Kt to B 3; 5 Kt to B 3, P to Q 3 ; 6 P to Q 3, B to K Kt 5. 
Here the old gentleman calls Giglamps to account for making a 
move that he had previously found fault with ; but Giglamps 
quotes triumphantly his opponent's own observation that *' a wise 
man changes his mind.'' 

7PtoKR3, BtoR4;8BtoK3, BtoQKt3;9Bto 
K Kt 5— as per usual—P toKR3; 10BtoR4, PtoKt4; 

" If I were the plagiarist you deem me/' says Giglamps, " I 
should now play P to Kt 5. I am going to strike out a line of 
own."— Kt to Q 5 ; 12 Kt to Q 5, Kt takes Kt ch ; 13 P takes Kt, 
Kt takes Kt; 14 B takes Kt, PtoQB3; 15BtoKt3, QtoB3; 
16 K to Kt 2, Castles (Q R). 

** There is a short allowance of thunder and lightning in that 
storm,** I say. ** If there are no more fireworks I shall go to bed." 

" Don't worry," says Giglamps. " Never was such a fellow for 
fireworks ! " 

17 P to Q R 4, B to B 2 ; 18 P to R 5, P to R 3 ; 19 B to 
Q B 4 ], P to Q 4; 20 P takes P, P takes P ; 21 B to Kt 3, Q to 
K 2 ; 22 P to B 3, P to B 4 ; 23 Q to B 2, P to B 5 ; 24 B to R 2, 
B to K Kt 3 ; 25 Q to K 2, P to R 4— he hums the " march of the 
Cameron men ; " 26 P to B 4, P to Q 5 ; 27 B to B 2, P to Kt 5 
after long consideration. (Diagram 2.) 

" Is that what you mean by * blue lights and umbrellas up ? ' " 
asks Diyasdust " Very well, I shall take your Pawn." 28 B P 
takes P. 

Giglamps' spirits become buoyant He bursts out — " And it 
was but a dream, but it yielded a dear delight to have won, though 
but in a dream, a Pawn so fiiir." Q R to B sq ; 29 P to B 3— in 
a very decided manner — P takes P ; 30 B P takes P, P to K 5— 
another Pawn ! 

Dryasdust accepts it in due time, and observes drily that a 
" deep penetrating person he once knew, used to say that Pawn^i 
were not be picked up in the street, and that Black might live 
long enough to mourn its loss." — 31 P takes P. 

"You are infinitely welcome to it," says Giglamps politely, 
** Believe me, I shall not put myself into mourning for it to the 
extent of a new black button." 


Black to flat his 27th hovb. 


Now comes the grand coup — E takes P I — " a clambering 
nneuspected road." Dryasdust has however " tha soul to do, the 
wiU to dare." 32 K takes E, Q to R 2 ch. 

Once more Dryasdust ponders tlie position. " I grant yon, 
your Queen looks dangerous," he eays, "but I think I can get out." 
Giglaiaps sings 

" You'll soon get used to her looks, snid he. 
And a very nice girl you'll find her." 

33 K to Kt 2, P to B 6 ch. " Ingenious enough," aaya Dryas- 
dust placidly, " but what about 34 R takes P ! " 

" Ah, ah t " cries Giglamps. " He thinks I shall go for the 
Queen's Rook, and leave him with the attack I " 

34 {R takes P) Q takes B ch ; 36 K to B eq, Q to R 6 ch; 

36 K to B 2, Q to Kt 6 ch ! 

" It is a lost game," says Dryasdust, shaking his head sadly. 
" I might have had a chance the other way." He retraces the 
moves ; 35 K to B sq, Q to E 8 ch ; 36 K to B 2, E takes E ch; 

37 Q takes E, Q takes E; and finds hie consolation thus— after the 
manner of ChesB-playera. 


Yet another game ! I leave them to it. The early village cock 
is in full crow before Giglamps comes up stairs. 

These two games are, to my mind, so much in harmony with 
their environment — with the pure fragrant air, the rugged Yorkshire 
scenery, and our holiday spirits — that I do not care to disassociate 
them. They have many faults, to which they are indebted for 
their best points. In playing them over, I see yet the low large 
" parlour," full of comfortable corners, and hear yet the sighing of 
the west wind in the fir trees, as it 

" Blows with a perfame of songs, and of memories beloved from a boy, 
Blows from the capes of the past, over sea, to the bays of the present." 


J Pto K 4 2 Kt to Q B 3 ^ P to B 4 ^ Kt to B 3 ^ P to Q 4 
P to K 4 Kt to Q B 3 P takes P P to K Kt 4 

This move has never, so far as I know, been played. Steinitz's 
gambit consists in playing it a move earlier, but it can hardly be 
said to lead to a safe game for White. The more usual continuation 
is 5 P to K R 4, producing the now favourite Hamppe-Allgaier 
gambit ; the present suggestion invites the reply P to Kt 5, leading 
to what may be called a Hamppe-Muzio, with perhaps better chances 
of success than in the Muzio proper. As the position seems quite 
new, and must lead to some entirely new combinations, it is worthy 
of a diagram, which we give on the following page. 

It may be noted that White cannot play 5 B to B 4, as in the 
ordinary Muzio, for then Black can defend himself by 5..., 
B to Kt 2 ! (if 5..., P to Kt 6 ; 6 P to Q 4 !, &c.) ; 6 Castles, P to 
Kt 5 ; 7 P to Q 3, P takes Kt; 8 Q takes P, B takes Kt; 9 P takes B, 
Kt to B 3, with the better game. 

5. P to Kt 5 

Black may also play P to Q 3 or B to Kt 2 ; these shall be 

6. B to B 4 6. P takes Kt 

7. Castles 

White cannot safely play 7 Q takes P, because of 7..., Q to 
R 5 ch ; then if 8 P to Kt 3, Kt takes P, &c. 

7. Q to Kt 4 

Besides this plausible looking defence, Black can try (1) 
P takes P, (2) B to Kt 2, (3) B to R 3, (4) P to Q 4, and (5) Q to 
B 3. The first three shall be discussed under variations (A), (B), 
and (C). The last two may be shortly treated here. 



Black to play hia fifth move. 

Firstly, 7.... P to Q 4; 8 P takes Q P, Q Kt to K 2; 
9 Q takes P, Kt to Kt 3 ; 10 B takes P, ic. 

Secondly, 7..., Q to B 3 ; 8 Kt to Q 5, Q takes P ch ; 9 Q takes 
Q, Kt takes Q; 10 Kt takes P ch, and, in both eases White has 
the superior game. Besides these Black can try 7..., Kt takes P ; 
to which White's best reply is 8 Q B takes P reserving B takes 
P ch to he played afterwards, according to circumstanceH, In any 
case White obtains a commanding attack, 

8. R takes P 8. Kt takes P 

Not so good as it looks. If 8..., Q to K R 4, the following is 
possible, 9 Q B takes P, Kt takes P j 10 B takes P ch, Q takes B 
(or 10..., K takes B ; 11 Q takes Kt, B to B 4 ; 12 B to K 3 ch, 
&c) ; U Q takes Kt, B to Kt 3 ; 12 B to K 6, with the advantage. 

9. B takes F ch 

This second sacrifice is quite safe, and is indeed the only 
possible way to continue the attack with any chance of success. If 
now 9 H takes P, Black will reply 9..., Kt to K 3, with the best 


9. K to Q sq 

Much safer than taking the £, which would lead to 10 K takes 
P eh, Kt to B 3 (if Q takes R, White will check first with Q at 
R 5, and then take Q) ; 11 Kt to Q 5, Q to K 4 ; 12 R takes Kt ch, 
K to K sq ; 13 B to B 4, Q takes P ; 14 Q to R 5 ch, &c. 

10. R takes P 10. B to B 4 

11. KtoRsq 

White is compelled to lose time here, but his position is so 
strong he can afford to do so. 

11. PtoQ3 

To prevent R to B 5 winning back the piece sacrificed. 

12. PtoQKt4! 

An important move, as this Pawn is wanted in several varia- 
tions of the attack, as will be seen. White might easily be tempted 
to go astray here, by a too precipitate attack, for instance, suppose 

12 R to B 5 (if 12 P to K R 4, Black replies Q to Kt 2), Q to Kt 2; 

13 B to Kt 5 ch, K to Q 2 ; 14 Q to R 6, K to B 3 !; (Black must 
not play Kt takes R, for then follows 15 B to K 8 ch, K to K 3 ; 
16 P takes Kt ch, K takes P; 17 R to K B ch, K to K 4; 18 Q to 
K 2 ch, K to Q 5 ; 19 R to B 4 mate) ; 15 B to K 8 ch, B to Q 2 ; 

16 R takes B ch, P takes R, and White has no game left. This 
variation will serve to show how important it is for White not 
to lose any possible advantage that may accrue, by delaying 
opening fire on the Qaeen for a move. 

12. B to Kt 3 

13. P to K 5 

This is much stronger than R to B 5 or Kt to Q 5. If the 
latter, Black will play 13..., Q to K 4, and then may follow 

14 R to Kt 4, B takes Kt ; 15 Q takes B, Kt to B 6 ! (not 15... 
Kt to Q B 3 ; for then 16 B to Kt 5 ch, Q Kt to K 2 ; 17 R to 
K B sq, P to K R 3; 18 B to R 4, &c.); 16 P takes Kt, Q takes R; 

17 Q to Kt 5 ch, Kt covers! with the better game. If 17... 
K to Q 2, White could win by 18 Q to B 5 ch, K to B 3 • 
19 Kt to K 7 ch, Kt takes Kt ; 20 P to Kt 5 mate. ' 

13. Q takes K P 

This seems best, for White threatens R takes Kt ; if 13... 
Q to Kt 2, White proceeds 14 R takes Kt, B takes R; 15 Q takes B* 
Q takes B ; 16 B to Kt 5 ch, Kt to K 2 ; 17 P takes P, &c. ' 

14. R to K 4 14. Q to Kt 2 

15. R to K 8 ch 15. K to Q 2 

16. Q to R 5 

The position at this point deserves a diagram. 




I r T A 












'/ -Ax 




y- ■ / 9 9 








■/ - -J ^ 




16. Kt to K B 3 

This seems his most natural defence, but it will be well to 
discuss two others, viz. : — Kt to K 2 and P to B 3. Firstly, if 
16..., Kt to K 2, then 17 R takes Kt ch, K takes R j 18 B to 
Kt 6 ch, K to Q 2 (or 18..., K to B sq ; 19 B to R 6, &c.) ; 
19 Q to Kt 4 ch, K to B 3 j 20 B to Q 5 mate. Secondly, 16..., 
P to B 3 ; 17 Q to R 3 ch, K to B 2 ; 18 Q to R 4, Kt to B 3 ; 

19 R to K 7 ch, and next move, 20 B to R 6, winning. 

17. Q to R 3 ch 17. K to B 3 

Of course if Q or K Kt covers. White wins by 18 R takes R, &c. 

18. P to Kt 6 ch 18. Kt takes P 

If 18..., K to B 4 ; 19 B to R 3 ch, K to B 5 ; 20 Q to Q 3 

19. Q to B 3 cb 19. K to B 4 

If 19..., K to Q 2 ; 20 Q to B 6 ch, and 21 Q takes Kt mate. 
But if 19..., P to Q 4, White's best continuation seems to be 

20 B takes P ch, K to Q 2 ; 21 R takes R, Q takes R ; 22 Kt takes Kt, 
P to B 3 ; 23 B to Kt 2, &c. 

20. Kt to R 4 ch 20. K to Kt 5 

21. B to Q 2 ch 21. K takes Kt 

22. Q to Kt 3 mate. 

We will now consider the variations resulting from Black's 
7th move, and, for the sake of reference, we give a diagram at this 




















fyy/y.'//y //f/y'yy// 

Z'- yZ A. ' 'iJ-^' 







Black to play his 7th move. 

Variation (A). 





8. B takes P ch 

9. Q to R 5 ch 

10. Q to Kt 4 ch 

11. R takes P ch 

12. Kt to Q 6 

13. Kt takes Kt 

14. P to K 5 


P takes P (1) 

K takes B 

K to Kt 2 

K toB 2 

Kt to B 3 

B to K 2 or Kt 2 

£ takes Kt 

And White shonld have no difl&culty in winning. 

Variation (B). 

7. B to Kt 2 

8. B takes P ch 8. K takes B 

9. Q takes P 9. B takes P ch 

Or 9..., Kt takes P; 10 Q to E 5 ch, Kto K 3; llQtoQ5ch, 
K to K 2 ; 12 B takes P, &c. 

10. B to K 3 10. Q to B 3 

Or 10..., B takes B ch ; 11 Q takes B, Kt to B 3 ; 12 R takes 
F, &c. 

11. B takes B 11. Kt takes B 

Or 11..., Q takes B ch ; 12 K to R sq, Kt to B 3 ; 13 Q takes 

P, &c. 

12. Q to R 6 ch 12. K to Kt 2 

13. QtoKt4ch 13. Q to Kt 3 

14. Q takes BP 14. Kt to K B 3 

15. P to K 5, &c. 






B takes P ch 


K takes B 


Q takes P 


Kt takes P 


Q to R 5 ch 


K to Kt 2 


B takes P 


B takes B 


R takes B 




Q R to K B sq 


Kt to R 3 




Q takes R 


R takes Q 


K takes R 



Kt to Q 5 ch 


K to Kt 2 


Q to Kt 5 ch 




Q to K 7 ch 


K to Kt 3 


Q to B 6 ch 




Kt to B 4 ch 


K to Kt 5 


P to R 3 ch 


K to Kt 6 


Kt to R 5 mate. 

Black may of course avoid this strong attack by refusing to 
push on his Kt's P at move 5, and play instead, 5..., P to Q 3. 
This game deserves frequent play over the board ; the following, 
however, is not an unlikely coutinuation. — 6..., P to Q 3 ; 6 B to 
B 4, B to Kt 2 ; 7 Castles, P to Kt 5; 8 Q B takes P, P takes Kt ; 
9 B takes P ch, K takes B ; 10 Q takes P, B takes P ch or (A) ; 

11 B to K 3, Kt to B 3 ; 12 B takes B, Kt takes B ; 13 Q to 
R 5 ch, K to K 2 ! ; 14 Kt to Q 5 ch, K to Q 2 ; 16 Kt takes Kt, 
&c. Or (A) 10..., Kt takes P; 11 Q to R 6 ch, K to K 3; 

12 Q to Q 6 ch, K to Q 2 ; 13 B to Kt 6, Kt to K 2 ; 14 B takes 
Kt, &c. ; or if 13..., Kt to B 3 ; 14 Q takes Kt, &c. 

I think the above is sufficient to show that White may safely 
play 5 P to Q 4 with the certainty of obtaining a fine if not a 
winning attack. It now remains to prove, by play over the board, 
what value is to be attached to it. 

October 1885, Baslow. W. Timbrkll Piercb. 



Played in the English Mechanic Correspondence Tourney, 

November, 1886. 

(Pierce's Gambit.) 


(Mr.W. T. Pierce.) (Mr. W. Naah.) 
lPtoK4 PtoK4 

2 Kt to Q B 3 Kt to Q B 3 


(Mr.W. T. Pierce.) (Mr. W. Na^h.) 

3 P to B 4 P takes P 

4 Kt to B 3 P to K Kt 4 



5 B to B 4 (a) 

6 P to Q 4 

7 Castles 

8 R takes P 

9 B takes P ch 

P to Kt 5 (b) 
P takes Kt 
Q to Kt 4 (c) 
Kt tks P 
K takes B (d) 

10 R takes P ch Kt to B 3 (e) 
11KttoQ5 QtoK4 

12 R takes Kt ch K to Kt sq (/) 

13 White announced mate in 12 



Notes by W. T. Pibbob. 

(a J White intended to play here his new move 5 P to Q 4, 
but by accident put the second move first ; as it happens, however, 
the position is the same in the end, as the moves are simply 

(b) B to Kt 2 first, preventing P to Q 4, is best 

(cj For the consequences of other defences see previous 
analysis on this opening. 

("d) As shown in said analysis, K to Q sq is a better defencOi 
although not quite satisfactory. 

(ej If Q takes R White would first check with Q at R 5 before 
taking the Q. 

CfJ This leads to a forced mate, but K to K sq would be 
equally disastrous, because of B to B 4 &c. 

Cg) The mate is effected thus. 13 Q to Kt 4 ch, B to Kt 2; 
14 B to R 6, Q takes R ! ; 15 Kt takes Q ch, K to B 2 ; 16 Q 
takes B cb, K to K 3 ; 17 Kt to Kt 8 !, R takes Kt ! ; 18 Q takes 
R ch, K to Q 3 ! ; 19 Q to Q 5 ch, K to K 2 ; 20 B to Kt 5 ch, 
K to B sq ; 21 R to B sq ch, Kt covers ; 22 R takes Kt ch, K to 
Kt 2 ; 23 Q to B 7 ch, K to R sq ; 24 Q to B 8 mate. 


Gamelet played at Southampton in October last* 

(King's Knight's Opening.) 


(C. W. of Sunbury.) (Amateur.) 

1 P to K 4 

2 Kt to K B 3 

3 B to Q B 4 

4 P to Q 4 

5 Castles 

6 Kt takes Kt 

P to K 4 
Kt to Q B 3 

B to Q 3 (?) (a) 
P takes P 
Kt to K 4 (!) 
B takes Kt 


(G.W. of Sunbury.) (Amateur.) 

7 B takes B P ch K takes B 

8 Q to K R 5 ch K to K 3 (&) 

9 Q to K B 5 ch K to Q 3 

10 P to K B 4 Q to B 3 (1) 

11 P takes Bch Q takes P 


fa) Quite in harmony with modern ideas, that elementary 
principles should be looked upon with suspicion and thoroughly 

f'bj After Steinitz — at some distance. 




Played at Soutbamption in October last. 

(Vienna Opening.) 



1 P to K 4 

2 Kt to Q B 3 

3 P to K B 4 

4 Kt to K B 3 
6 B to Q B 4 
6 Castles 


) (Amateur.) 
PtoK 4 
Kt to K B 3 
P to Q 3 
B to K Kt 5 
P to Q B 3 
P to Q Kt 4 


(C.W.ofSunbury.) Amateur.) 

7 P tks K P P tks P 

8 BtksKBPcb K tks B 

9 Kt tks K P cb K to Kt sq 

10 Kt tks B Q to Q 5 cb 

11 K to Esq Kt tks K P 

12 Kt to K R 6 cb and wins, (a) 

(a J Because Q to K Kt 4 cb follows. 


Played at Southampton Club on Monday 16tb Nov. 1885. 







(Amateur.) (C. 


(Amateur.) (C. 


1 P to K 4 

PtoK 4 

11 Castles 

R tks Kt 

2 B to Q B 4 

B to B 4 

12 P tks R 

B to Q R 3 

3 Kt to K B 3 

Kt to Q B 3 

13 P to K Kt 3 

Q to R 6 

4 P to Q B 3 

Kt to K B 3 

14 R to K sq 

R to K sq 

5 P to Q 3 

P toQ 4 

15 Q to KB 3(6) 

» R tks P 

6 P tks P 

Kt tks P 

16 B to K 3 

Kt tks B 



17 P tks Kt 

R tksP 

8 B tks Kt 

P tks B 

18 R tks R 

B tks R ch 

9 Kt tks P 

R to K sq 

19 K to R sq 

B to Q B 5 and 

10 P to Q 4 

Q to K R 5 (a) 

must win. (c) 



Gaining time and a good attack. 

Overlooking Black's reply. He is bound to stop B takes 

A pretty finish. 




The following Games were played in the Correspondence Match 
between Paris and Vienna. (No. I.) 

(Rny Lopez.) 



1 P to K 4 

2 Kt to K B 3 

3 B to Kt 5 

4 B to R 4 

5 P to Q 3 

6 P to B 3 (6) 

7 Q Kt to Q 2 

8 Kt to B sq 

9 B to K 3 

10 P tks P 

11 B to Kt 3 eh 

13 Kt to Kt 5 

14 B to Q 5 ((j) 

15 Q B tks Kt 

16 Kt to Kt 3 

17 Q to K 2 

18 B to K 6 if) 

19 Kt from Kt 3 

to K 4 (k) 

20 B tks B 

21 P tks B 

22 Q tks Q 

23 K to K 2 (0 

24 P to B 3 

25 R to R 2 (m) 

26 P to K Kt 3 

27 Q R to K R sq 

28 K to K 3 

30 P tks P 

31 R tks P 


( Vienna. ) 
P toK 4 
Kt to Q B 3 
P to Q R 3 (a) 
Kt to B 3 
P to Q 3 
B to K 2 (c) 
Kt to Q 2 (d) 
P to B 4 
Rtks P 
K to R sq 
Q to K sq (/) 
Kt to B 4 
11 to B sq 
B to Q 2 (h) 
R to B 5 (i) 
R to Q sq 

B tks Kt 
Q tks B 
Q tksP 
R tks Q 
R to Q 4 
K to Kt sq 
R to B sq 
R to Kt 4 
R to Q sq 
P tks P en p. 
K to B 2 {o) 
K to Kt 3 



32 R to R 8 {p) 

33 R tks R 

34 R to Q sq 

35 K to Q 3 

36 K to B 2 

37 P to Kt 4 

38 R to Q R sq 

39 K to Kt 2 

40 K to R 3 

41 K to Kt 4 (*•) 

42 R to Q sq 

43 K to R 3 

44 Kt tks Kt 

45 K tks P 

46 R to K sq 

47 P to Q B 4 

48 K to Kt 3 

49 R to Q sq 

50 R to Q 7 

51 R tks Kt P 

52 P to Kt 5 

53 K to B 3 

54 K to Kt 4 
65 K tks P 

56 R tks P 

57 R to K 7 

58 R to K 8 

59 K to B 5 

60 K to B 4 

61 K to B 3 

62 K to B 2 

And White 


Rtks P 
Kt tks R 
Kt to B 3 {q) 
R to Kt 4 
P to R 5 (r) 
R to R 4 
R to R sq 
Kt to R 4 
P to Kt 3 {t) 
Kt to Kt 2 
Kt to Q 3 {t) 
R to Q sq 
R tks Kt 
R to Q 4 (w) 
RtoB 4 
K tks P 
KtoB 5 
K tks P {v) 
KtoB 5 
KtoB 4 
P to Kt 4 (w) 
R tks P ch 
R to K Kt 5 
K tksP 
KtoB 3 
R to Q 5 
RtoQ 8 
KtoB 4 
KtoB 5 
Rto Q 2 

Notes by C. E. Ranken. 

(a) We now prefer the German defence 3 Kt to B 3, for if 
the attack 4 P to Q 3 be then adopted, Black can reply advantage- 
ously with either Q Kt to K 2 or B to B 4, whereas, after 3 ... P 
to Q R 3, the first named move cannot be made at all, and the other 
not safely. 



(b) M. Rosenthal wished to play Kt to B 3 here, but was 
rightly, we think, outvoted by his colleagues. 

(c) The K B at this post prevents the Q and Q Kt from 
going to K 2, and its own action is also blocked by the Q P, for 
which reason it is better to develop it by P to K Kt 3 and B to Kt 2. 

(dj To enable them to play either P to B 4 or Kt to Kt 3, 
but the sequel proves that this retreat of the Kt is unwise, and 
the cause of future troubles. The proper course appears to be 
P to Q Kt 4, followed by either B to K 3 or P to Q 4. 

fej A fine move, which the Vienna players had evidently 

(fj M. Rosenthal affirms in his notes to the game, that this 
was the best reply, and that Black's next move was their only one. 

(g) M. Rosenthal justly protested against this move, because 
Black could have answered with B takes Kt, and he urged that 
White should have taken the Kt at once, and then played Kt to 
Kt 3. 

fJi) If P to K R 3, then 17 Q to R 4, with the object of 
going to K 4. 

(i) M. Rosenthal thinks this was forced, to avoid the con- 
sequences of Q to K 4. 

Position after Black's 17th move. 

Black (Vienna.) 

»■ W^^ w 


White (Paris.) 

(j) As this was the turning point of the game, and the 
position is so interesting, we give a diagram. It had been arranged 
that after the present move, which was to be made by July 21st, 
1884, an adjournment of two months should take place. The 
Paris committee, according to M, Rosenthal's account of the matter^ 


appear to have agreed to send 18 Castles Q R as the result of their 
deliberations, and upon that understanding M. Rosenthal left Paris 
fer some days. Subsequently, however, he discovered that by 
playing 18 Q to R 5 White would obtain a winning position, and 
he communicated the analysis of it to his colleagues, who, never- 
theless, at their final meeting to decide the move, rejected both 
M^ Rosenthal's suggestion and the safe course previously agreed 
apoD) and sent the text move instead. As M. Rosenthal had never 
even been consulted about this move, he was naturally much 
annoyed, and again entered his protest, though then too late, and 
eonsequently Messrs. Chamier, Clerc, and De Riviere withdrew 
from the committee, leaving M. Rosenthal to fight the battle alone, 
with what aid be CQuld obtain from the Cercle des Echecs. 

We are unable to agree with M. Rosenthal that 18 B to K 6 
probably led to the loss of the game, though it was undoubtedly a 
weak move. We regret also that we have not space for the 
variations by which he proves to his own satisfaction, and to ours, 
that 18 Q to R 5 would have won, but our readers perhaps will be 
able to work them out for themselves. 

(k) M. Rosenthal thought it best to maintain the attack here, 
even at the sacrifice of a Pawn, but we do not see that any loss 
was necessary, for suppose now 19 R to Q sq, and how can Black 
in that case do more than equalise the game 1 

(l) The Straitgie gives some variations to prove that White 
could not safely take the Pawn with their Kt, but they appear to 
us inconclusive, and we believe it to have been the best play. 
e.g. 23 Kt takes P, R to Q 4, 24 P to K Kt 3, R to K Kt 5 (best), 
25 Kt to Kt 3 (Kt takes P would lose the Kt, and Kt to K 6 
would also be unsafe), P to Q Kt 3 (best), 26 K to K 2, R takes P, 
27 Q R to Q sq, R to Q 3, 28 Kt to Q 2, and White have got rid 
of their doubled Pawn, and also of Black's majority on the Q's side. 

(m) We think P to Q Kt 3, followed by Q R to Q sq, would 
have been stronger. The course adopted allows Black to gain 
possession of the open Q's file. 

(n) White are too intent on winning the comparatively 
worthless K R P ; surely R to Q Kt sq or R to Q B 2 was better. 

(o) We see no objection to taking the P at once, for then if 
31 R takes P, K to B 2, 32 Q R to R 6, Kt to K 2, and Black 
maintain the advantage. 

(p) If 32 P to Q Kt 4, then P to Q R 4 &c., fatally breaking 
up the Pawns. 

(q) Much stronger than Kt to K 3, for if now 35 R to Q 7, 
P to R 4, and wins. 

(r) The unsupported advance of the passed Pawn looks weak, 
but White being in possession of the Q's file, and always threateo- 
ing R to Q 7, it was apparently necessary to push on. 



C») If 41 R to Q sq, then Kt to B 5 ch, followed by Kt to Q 3 
if the K went to Kt 4. 

(t) Black are quite willing to give up the R P if they can 
thereby get an exchange of pieces. 

(u) No doubt M, Rosenthal had analysed and rejected R to 
Q 6, but we should have liked to see his reasons expressed in a 
note, for it seems to us almost omnipotent* 

(v) They would have saved themselves trouble by P to K 
Kt 4, for if then 51 R to B 7 ch, K to Kt 6, 52 R to B 5, P to 

(w) R to B 3 wins still more speedily. 

*^* Game II. will appear next month. 


Rev. H. W. H., Ashwell. — ^You are right. In note (g) 
page 422, Black wins by 23..., P to R 3. 

0. E., Sydney. — Subscription for 1886 to hand. We are 
obliged for your generous contribution to the enlargement fund. 

Cheaa^ut Burrs to hand and will be noticed next month. 

Problem Department. 

B. Hillsen, Wittenberg. — ^Thanks for full solution of sol* 
mate and new problem. We note proposed correction of 6-moTer. 
It shall have attention later on. At present we are rather 
pressed for room. 

B. G. Laws. — The 2-er, minus Black K, will appear next 
month in company with one or two other specimens of the kind. 

J. 0. Bremner and C. E. Tuckett. — Corrected versions to 
hand. They Bball be examined and reported on next month. 

K. W. Winkler. — ^You are right about 814. It should be 
in 6 moves, the last moves being 6 Q to K 5 ch, Q takes Q mate. 
As to your problem, such resemblances in mating positions are 
continually occurring and indeed are unavoidable. Neither 
Mr. M. nor any one, we are assured, would deem it otherwise 
than accidental. 

E. Wegurtz and K. W. W., Leipsic. — Cards to hand. 
Solutions of End-games should be addressed — ^Rev. C. E. Ranken, 
St. Ronan's, Malvern, Worcestershire. 

Problems thankfully acknowledged from J. 0. Bremner, 
J. G. Chancellor, B. G. Laws, F. Healey, B. Htilsen, T. G. Hart, 
C. E. Tuckett, and Y. Hoist, Denmark. 



Chess in Londoit. 

" How are you ? " said I to my friend of Purssell^s a few days 
ago on meeting him in Fleet Street. ** Better, my dear fellow, 
much better ! " was his reply. ' ' Why, have you been ill ? " asked 
I in some astonishment for I had heard nothing of it, '* What's 
been the matter with you ? " ** Matter enough ! " cried he " I 
have been suffering from a severe attack of General Election ; 
but thank goodness it is past now ! Why Sir, for a whole fort- 
night I never had a single game ! Every body was canvassing 
or being canvassed, or taking part in public meetings, or attend- 
ing committees, or some other fad of that kind. " *' And you ? " 
I enquired. *' I? why I wished I could have done a littie Rip 
van Winkleism for a fortnight or three weeks until it had all 
got over." Well, all the turmoil and worry is now over and 
we have settled down to our ordinary course of existence, and 
Chess can once more be played in the public resorts here. 

On Saturday, the 28tibL November, an important engagement 
took place between a team of the Sussex County Chess Associa- 
tion and a team of players of the City of London Chess Club. 
The match was held in the rooms of the City Club, Newgate 
Street, and there were 19 players a side. The original challenge 
came from the Association, and the defi was addressed to the 
third and fourth-class players of the City, but the officials of the 
Club objected to the inclusion of the fourth-class, they being 
strongly of opinion that the Association team was altogether too 
strong to allow any but third-class players to be pitted against 
it, and the Association agreed to this. Events, however, as it 
turned out, were too strong for this arrangement to be carried 
out, for some of the strongest thirds — ^including Messrs. Bussy, 
Coombe, Cutler, Down, Bees, &c. — were at the last moment 
prevented from taking part in the match. Under these circum- 
stances nothing remained to be done but the placing of fourth- 
class players at the vacant boards. This undoubtedly lessened 
the chance of the City players, opposed as they were by the very 
''cream" of Sussex Chess. That under these circumstances 
they only lost by the odd game is very creditable to them. At 
the same time the Association is to be warmly congratulated on 
its success. Separating the classes the score comes out : 

W. W. 

City thirds ... 8 
City fourths ... 1 

Sussex Association 7 
Sussex Association 3 



This resiilt curiously bears out the opinion that I have held 
for some time, that the City thirds form a good match for an 
ordinary first-class County team, but that the fourths would be 
overpowered in such a conflict. This is the flrst time that the 
Ciiy has met a County team, and very great interest therefore 
centred in the match. A very large attendance of spectators 
watched the progress of the fray, and not a few ** knowing ones " 
were of opinion that the County would come" on with a rush. 
The City men, however, have been hardened by many a stubborn 
fight and they bore up well against the sturdy Sussex champions. 
Mr. Jacobs played very steadily for his side but had very little (if 
any) the better of the game when Mr. Fierce unfortunately 
made a slip which cost him the exchange, and soon after the 
game. Mr. Stiebel played very pluckily but Mr. Downer was 
too much for him. Mr. Griffiths showed in good form in his 
game with Mr. Warmsley, and Mr. Cope deserved well for 
securing the draw against Mr. Erskine. Mr. Watts's victory 
over Dr. Vines was a really pretty piece of Chess, and Mr. 
Crawford's game with Mr. Cheshire was not without points of 
interest. Mr. Wilson, however, at times hardly came up to his 
real form againt Mr. Butler and ought certainly to have drawn 
at least, while Mr. Cunningham in the opening seemed to hold 
his gallant opponent a little too cheap, and in consequence soon 
let the attack pass from his hands, whereupon Col. Minchin 
speedily made matters very unpleasant for him and scored a 
deserved victory. Total score, Sussex County Association, 10 ; 
City of London Chess Club, 9. The Brighton men battled 
bravely for their County, for of 12 games played by them they 
scored no less than 8 wins ; the rest of the County only securing 
2 wins against 5 losses. Well done Brighton ! 

The evening of Monday, the 30th November, saw a very 
large gathering of Chess friends assembled together at the rooms 
of the City Club, the ** Salutation," Newgate Street, the occasion 
being a farewell banquet to Mr. Zukertort on his departure for 
the States to play Mr. Steinitz for $2,000 a side and the Chess 
Championship of the world. Mr. Pilkington (Vice-President 
City of London Chess Club) was in the chair, and amongst 
others I noticed the Eevs. G. A. MacDonnell and J. J. Scargill, 
Dr. Mackenzie, and Messrs. Adamson, Block, Cunningham, 
Down, Laws, Long, Lord, Manning, Pollock, Stevens, Taylor, 
Wainwright, Woon, and the guest of the evening, Herr Zuker- 
tort. After the cloth was withdrawn the Chairman gave the 
health of Herr Zukertort, and in doing so wished him a safe 
and speedy voyage, a brilliant victory, and a triumphant return. 
On Mr. Zukertort rising to respond he was received with loud 
dkeexB. He said that he was much obliged for the kind 


reception they had just given him as well as for the many kind- 
nesses he had received at their hands. Some people, he 
observed, had objected to the amount of the stakes involved in 
the match, but in his opinion the outside public had nothing to 
do with that matter, as neither Mr. Steinitz nor himself had 
made any public appeal at all, the whole of the stakes on both 
sides being subscribed privately by personal friends of the two 
players. Some people again spoke rather slightingly of the 
match as being only an American ^' big thing." Now this was 
not quite the case as the maximum amount of the stakes was 
originally named on this side of the Atlantic by himself, and 
more than that the great bulk of the money had not been raised 
in the States at aU. His (Mr. Zukertort's) stakes had mainly 
been raised in this country, whilst a large proportion of Mr. 
Steinitz's was raised amongst his (Mr. Steinitz's) friends — and 
he had many — in this country and. in India. He (Mr. Zukertort) 
would do his best to win the match, but he might fail ; but 
winning or losing he would try to bear himself like a man 
(Cheers). He thought the match would do great good to the 
cause of Chess all over the world (Cheers). Mr. Zukertort had 
to retire early and received quite an ovation on quitting the 
apartment. The other toasts were " The Chairman,*' ** Mr. 
Pollock," " The Eev. G. A. MacDonnell," and *' Messrs. Laws 
and Cunningham." Mr. MacDonneU in proposing this last 
toast said he coupled these two names together as truly repre- 
sentative men in the Chess world, Mr. Laws as a very fine 
and promising player and a splendid problemist, and Mr. 
Cunningham as a well-known literary supporter of the game 
(as a matter of fact Mr. MacDonnell's reference to the latter 
gentleman was of such a flattering nature that the native 
modesty of the present writer prevents him doing justice to Mr. 
MacDonnell's warm eulogium). One thing, however, they had 
in common, and that was they were both jolly good fellows. 
A capital selection of songs and recitations agreeably diversified 
the proceedings, and altogether the evening will be one long 
remembered in the annals of the City Club. 

On Tuesday, 1st December, a numerous body of Mr. Zuker- 
tort's friends met at the Criterion to bid him farewell. A very 
pleasant evening was spent and Mr. Zukertort was warmly 
received. I must say that I was more than pleased with Mr. 
Zukertort's bearing. His speech at the City Club was both 
manly and modest. A little more display of these qualities 
would tend to prevent many bickerings in the Chess world. I 
am sorry to have to say that Mr. Blackbume was prevented 
from being present at the City supper through the state of his 
health. Bronchitis still holds him as a captive, and the damp 
^oggy weather we are having distresses him much. 


The great winter Handicap of the Oitj Club is making 
exceHent progress. In the 1st section Mr. Gnnsberg has 
resigned owuig mainly, I believe, to business engagements. 
This undoubtedly has detracted a little from the interest of the 
play, as many Yfere curious to see what stand the seconds playing 
even would haye made against him. In this section Mr. Hooke 
is leading, but Messrs. Tmsley and Wainwright are pushing him 
hard as they are each only half a point behind. Oilier competi- 
tors again are only half a point behind them, and most of the 
remainder are close up, so that a most exciting finish is likely 
to ensue with a very dose run home. A similar state of things 
holds good in section 2, where Messrs. Cope and Griffiths at 
present tie for first honours, with Mr. Down within touching 
distance of them. In No. 8 section again the struggle is 
most seyere, for Messrs. Stiebel, Wilson, and Woon now tie, 
whilst Mr. Watts is only a point behind. In the lower sections 
it is impossible to say who are likely to win as the scores are so 
dose and changes take place every night of play. 

I have just heard that the newly formed British Chess Club 
— domiciled in Leicester Square — intends to try conclusions with 
the St. Petersburg Chess Club, and has challenged it to a match 
by correspondence for £100 a side. If this be true (as yet I only 
know it as a rumour), I can only say **more power to their 
elbow.'* " Ah, my boy ! " said my friend of Purssell's the other 
day, '* With a British Chess Club, a British Chess Association, 
and a British Chess Magazine, British Chess ought to flourish 
now-a-days ! " I wish it may. 

I understand an efibrt is being made to organise a County 
Chess Association in Kent. ''Kentish men," and ^'men of 
Kent " are going to join hands so far as Chess is concerned. 
Good strong County Associations are invaluable, and I trust the 
effort in Kent wiU be successful. 

Once more Christmas is with us as I pen these lines. Once 
more a new year will have dawned when they are read. I 
trust the Christmas will have been a happy one to all Chess- 
players, and that in the new year Chess and Chess-players may 
both prosper. J. G. C. 

SuBBEY Chess. 

On Saturday Dec. 6th Captain A. S. Beaumont, the new 
President of the Surrey County Association, invited members 
and friends to a Chess gathering at the Vestry Hall, Anerley. 
About 150 gentlemen availed themselves of the opportunity so 
generously afforded to witness the skill exhibited by Mr. Black- 
bume playing eans voir and by Mr. Gunsbe^ in simultaneous 


play. The room was gaily decorated with flowers, ferns, holly, 
and shields emblazoned with the names of the Surrey Olubs and 
vith the Surrey insignia, while a hearty W0lcx)me was extended 
to the yisitora by Captain Beaumont as they entered the Hall. 
Ponctually at 4 o'clock Mr. Blackburne opened his six games, 
meeting on Board No. 1, Mr. H. C. Sherrard (South Norwood), 
No. 2, Mr. F. 0. Burroughs (South Norwood), No. 3, Mr. J. H. 
Dill(m (Balham), No. 4, Mr. A. Anderson (Peckham), No. 5, 
Mr. T. Green (Brixton), and No. 6, Mr. E. J. Winter Wood 
(Croydon). Mr. Sherrjard won, Mr. Green lost, and the others 
drew their games ; all but Mr. Anderson's were somewhat in 
^Your of the single player, ivho was suffering £rom a severe cold 
which interfered materially with the rapidity and brillianoy of 

hifl play* 

At 5 o'clock Mr. Ghmsberg commenced his promenade before 
twQlve boards, and playing with great speed and power, in less 
than two hours defeated ten of his opponents and lost to Messrs. 
Herbert Jacobs and J. Sargent of the Brixton Club. A consulta- 
tion game between Messrs. J. Hirschman, G. J. Clarke, and L. 
Jeans, of the South Norwood Club, and Messrs. Herbert Jacobs, 
Wyke-Bajliss, and T. Sargent, of the Brixton Chess Club, resulted 
in the resignation of the Brixton team on the 28th move. 

In the Problem solving competition, a two-mover from the 
cjorrent B. 0. A. Tourney and a three-mover composed by Mr. 
Leonard P. Bees were set before the entrants, Mr. B. G. Laws 
being the first to solve the two problems, after an hour and a 
halPs puzzling over the 3-er, Mr. Herbert Jacobs was the only 
other competitor who solved both, thus winning the second prize. 
Numerous off-hand games were contested among the visitors, 
includiiig Messrs. As. Guest, L. Hoffer, G. Adamson, C. Biaggini, 
Q. A. Hooke, and Bev. G. A. Macdonnell, and all hes^tily 
concurred in the expression of thanks to Captain Beaumont by 
Mr. Wyke-Bayliss, which was feelingly replied to. L. P. E. 

Chess in Scotland. 

A match between the Chess Clubs of Aberdeen and Udny 
was played at Aberdeen on 20th November and won by the 
Aberdeen dub by 7^ games to 3J. The previous match was 
played in January last, and was also a victory for Aberdeen. 

The first Chess match of the season in Glasgow was played 
between the Arlington and Queen's Park Chess Clubs, in the 
rooms of the former, on the evening of 5th December. The 
result was a decisive victory for the Arlington Club by 15 games 
to 6. Mr. Forsyth, of the Glasgow Chess Club, officiated as 


The West of Scotland Chess ChaUenge Gap is now in the 
possession of Mr. John Gilchrist, he having won it from Mr. 
Chambers in a match, the result of which was — Gilchiist 4 
games, Chambers 0^ drawn, 2. Sheriff Spens has challenged 
lite holder. 

At the annnal meeting of the Edinburgh Chess Club, held 
in November, the business done was purely formaL The follow- 
ing form the Council of management for 18B5-6 : — ^Yice- 
Ptesidents, Dr. J, Clerk Eattraj and Mr. John Macfie; 
Councillors, Messrs^ A. M. Broun, W.S., Christopher Meikle, 
G. P. Galloway, S.S.C., and James Greenhill ; Treasurer, Mr« 
James Pringle, CA. ; Secretary, Bev. G^rge McArthur, M.A. ; 
Medallist, John Eraser, £.A. The presidentship is vacant by 
the death of Sir George Harrison, M.P. The winners of the 
Club prizes last year were Messrs^ Eraser, Meikle, Latta, and 
Broiin. D. F. 

Chbss in InSLAlTD. 

The Dublin University Chess Club commenced its winter 
session with a meeting presided over by the Bev. Dr. Salmon^ 
Dr. W. H. K. Pollock, Mr. J. B. Pirn, Mr. Porterfield Eynd, 
Mir Aulad Ali, Major Shaw (late Hon. Sec. Dublin Club), 
Dr. W. A. Murray (Hon. Sec. St. Patrick's Club), Mr. T. B. 
Bowland (Hon. Sec* I. C. A.), Mr. Parker Dunscombe, Mr. 
Cudmore and others were amongst the visitors present. A Club 
Totimey with 32 entries is now in progress. 

The St* Patrick's Chess Club having made an advantageous 
change of quarters from 29, Nassau Street, to 9, Menion Bow 
(comer of Stephen's Green), a large muster assembled for the 
house-warming. The capacious Club-hall was well filled with 
visitors and members^ who enjoyed a varied entertainment. At 
one end Mr. Porterfield Bynd contended sans voir against Mr. 
John Pollock, Mr* So£Fe, Mr. Peake, Mr, Hanrahan, and Mr* 
Gerrard, but started the games so late that a conclusion could 
not be reached. Mr. Pollock succumbed when a piece behind, 
more on account of the lateness of the hour than by reason of 
any hopelessness of defence. Mr. Bowland in another part of 
the room with a large party, kept up 4-handed Chess as 
tecenily introduced by Major Yemey. A winter Handicap of 
considerable dimensions and novel features is on foot with an 
attractive 1st prize^-a beautiful set of Ivory men presented by 
ICr. Cudmore-^a 2nd prize value £2 2s. presented by another 
tuember^ and other inducements. 


The Dublin Glub (fonnerly Gi^ and County of Dublin 0. 0.) 
has bestirred itself with most praiseworthy aotirity. The good 
offices of "NLr, W. H. S. Monck have been secured in a secretarial 
capacity (vice Major Shaw retired). Team matches, under the 
respectiTe captaincies of Mr. Monck and Mr. MofBat Wilson, 
have since enlivened the eyening play, and Mr. WooUett has 
proYod a valuable cohort. 

Qlie Irish Sportsman column has a new Editor. The game 
department is very well conducted. New small diagrams a la 
Fieldy have been added for illustration. 

In the Dublin Evening Mail and Weekly Warder Chess 
columns Mr. T. B. Bowland continues to sustain the problem art 
with his accustomed vigour and ability. K. B. 


A match between selected teams of the Bochdale and Wigan 
Chess Clubs was contested in the Club-room of the former dub 
on Saturday, December 1 2th. Play commenced at half-past four, 
the combatants being paired as near as possible according to 
reputed strength, each pair to contest two games. At six o'clock 
the score was Wigan 4, Bochdale 2, and the whole of the 
combatants then adjourned to partake of a capital tea. Tea 
over, the Bev. A. Pagan accorded a kindly welcome to the 
representatives of the Wigan Club, and Mr. J. B. Lown, the 
Secretary of the latter, responded. Play was then resumed and 
xdtimately resulted in a decisive victory for the visitors. Score, 
Wigan 7i, Bochdale 4^. The return match is expected to take 
place at Wigan, in February next. 

Handicap Chess and Draughts tournaments are now in 
progress at the Bochdale Chess Club. There are 13 competitors 
in title Chess toumcunent — the scale of odds rangmg from Pawn 
and 2 moves, to Queen — and 12 competitors in the Draughts 
tournament, the scale of odds ranging from half a game in 6, to 
two games in 6. Mr. J. T. Palmer was appointed to the delicate 
office of handicapper. 

We have pleasure in drawing attention to a new North of 
England Chess column in the Shields Daily News, Our readers 
will find it well worthy their support. Address : — ^Chess Editor, 
6, Waterville Boad, North Shields. 


We liaye received a wedding card announcing the marriage 
of Mr. Ben B. Foster to Mies Julia Blanche Tompkins. The 
Qvent came off on NoTember 26th, at Woodbum, HI., and our 
worthy confrere and his bride have our best wishes for their 
future happiness and welfare. It seems to be the custom in 
the <^ United States'* to post these missives insufficiently stamped, 
as we have again been mulcted in the sum of threepence. If 
every editor in Great Britain has been similarly favoured, the 
revenues of the Post Office will have been largely increased. 

A match was played at Oxford on December 5th between the 
Oxford University and Southampton Ohess dubs, the latter 
winning^by 10^ games to 5^. 

On December 8th and 9th Mr. Blackbume was a visitor at 
the Worcester Ohess Club for the purpose of exhibiting his 
wondrous powers in blindfold and simultaneous play. I^ the 
blindfold skmce on the 8th he had eight opponents, including 
some of the best players in the club, viz. : — 1, Rev. W. Vevers, 
2, Mr. F. G. Jones, 8, Eev. W. E. BoUand, 4, Rev. W. Grundy, 
6, Mr. J. Wood, 6, Mr. Newman, 7, Mr. Rose, 8, Mr. Lacon 
Williams. The Rev. 0. £. Ranken acted as teller. Mr. Black- 
bume was suffering from a severe influenza cold, but he never- 
theless succeeded in defeating Nos. 4, 5, 6, and 7. Nos. 1, 2, 
and 3 drew their games, and No. 8 was left unfinished, thoug^h 
to Mr. Blackbume's advantage. On the 0th he encountered 13 
opponents peripatetically, playing very rapidly, and scoring all 
tibie games except a stouUy contested draw with Mr. Wood. 
The first batch being bowled over in good time, another of 12 
players, including a young lady, took their turn, but with 
scarcely any better success, the English champion being victori- 
ous in every instance except one game which he lost to Mr. 

The two exhibitions of Ohess skill took place at the Guild- 
hall and attracted a good number of spectators, among whom 
were the Very Rev. Lord A. Oompton, Dean of Worcester, who 
is President of the club, and several ladies. The Rev. W. 
Grundy is now, we are glad to say, Head Master of Malvern 

Mr. W. R. Bland has a few copies of the last edition of his 
Chess Player's Annual and Club Directory on hand which he wiU 
forward post-free at the low price of one shilling each. The 
work will not be re-issued. Address Duffield, near Derby. 

Erratum. P. 416 line 13 vol. v. for Weites read Weibes. 




Chess Tournament for a Prize of Chessmen presented by the 
Editor of the British Chbss Magazinx. There were 8 entries and 
after a most exciting contest the winner was B. Armitage, who 
scored 6 games out of a possible 7, losing only to H. C. Dyson, 
who received an extra prize for the most brilliant game. Chess- 
playing in the School has improved: the boys have been amused : 
the interest in the contest has been intense, for all of which 
thanks are due to the generous Editor for his kind gift. Sub- 
joined is a list of the players and the games played. F. M. 


Turner, J. W., 16 yrs 

Rhodes, J. F., 15 yrs. ... 
Armitage, B., 15 yrs. ... 

Spenser, N., 15 yrs. 

Dyson, H« C., 12 yrs. ... 
Watson, L. J., 14 yrs.... 

Stocks, H., 14 yrs. 

Watson, J. W., 12 yrs... 




. . 
































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Ahebioa. — Mr. Zukertort sailed in the ^'Etruria" for New 
York on December 5^, and it is announced that his great 
matoh with Mr. Steinitz will begin on the first Monday of the 
new year. We hope to publish all the games. 

Mr. F. K. Young has defeated Mr. Preston Ware of Boston 
in the third and deciding match between them for the Champion- 
ship of the Club and a set of oriental Chess-men. 

The matdi at odds between Messrs. Haller and Max Judd 
of St. Louis has resulted in the victory of the former, who now 
holds the Challenge Cup. 

The annual meeting of the New York and Pennsylvania 
Chess Association will be held at Albany N.Y. the first week 
in January. 


Mr. S. Loyd and Mr. T. P. Bull (late of the DetroU Free 
Press) have just started a Chess column in Tit Bits, an illustra- 
ted weekly paper published at New York. We wish them 

Mr. Steinitz has been giving a simultaneous performance at 
the Manhattan Club with 25 opponents. He won 22 games, 
lost to Mr. McOutcheon, and drow with Messrs. Hanham and 

Two Chess dubs have been formed at Harvard University, 
and in one of them a tournament of 14 competitors has been 
organised. The players are paired ofiP, each pair having to play 
a match £)r the &rst two games in each round, and the losers 
retire from the competition. 

Geemaitt.— The Mannheim* Chess Club has declined the 
honour of receiving the South West German Chess Association 
this year, so that it will now have to seek some other place of 
meeting for the Congress of 1886. 

Saxony is following the example of the Berg-Mark and 
Hartz Chess Associations in establishing one for itsel£ On 
October 31st a meeting of representatives from eleven neighbour- 
ing towns was held at Limbach, at which this resolve was taken, 
and the Anderssen C. C. of Chemnitz was entrusted with the 
founding of the new Association. 

Two correspondence games between Berlin and Leipsic 
began on November 9th. The stakes are 150 marks a side for 
each game, and the time-limit is 100 days for 20 moves. All 
the chief players of the two cities are taking part in the contest. 

A Chess Congress in connection with the Agricultural 
Exhibition was organized by the ^^Lusatia" Club at Gorlitz 
in September last. Among those who were present, but did 
not take part, were Dr. Schmid, of Blasewitz, and Herren 
Gt)ttschall and Minckwitz of Leipsic. The first prize in the 
principal Tourney was gained by Herr Soger of Breslau. In 
the Sroblem Solution Tourney the prize-winners were Prof. 
Sieg (15 minutes) and Herr Pilmeyer (40 minutes). Herr 
Minckwitz played 24 simultaneous games with the strongest 
amateurs of the Club, and in 3^ hours won 13, 2 being drawn. 

Australia. — The Handicap Tourney of the Adelaide Club, 
which was conducted on the Gelbfuhs system of marking, ended 
in October, and the prizes were awarded as follows : — First prize, 
The ChaUenge Cup, a set of books worth £4 4s. Od., and two 
guineas in cash, Mr. G. Chamier. Second prize, A set of Chess- 
men and £2 2s. Od., Mr. Cook. Third prize, Mr. Opie. Fourth 
prize, Mr. Harrison. Fifth prize, Mr. Macdonald. There were 
19 competitors, and the prizes were distributed at the annual 
meeting of the Club, at which also Mr. Chamier was elected 


Presideiit for the ensuing year. There are now three Clubs in 
Adelaide, and 17 others in the colony. 

The annual telegraphic match between Victoria and New 
South Wales came off on November 9th. Score, Melbourne 
4, Sydney 1, drawn, 2. Mr Chamier of Sydney (their best 
player) was unable to take part in the contest, and his place 
was filled by Mr, Gossip, who seems to haye setded at Sydney. 
We recently had another letter from him, in which he states that 
the serious illness which was the cause of his match with Mr. 
Esling being broken off, was the result of a cold caught at 
Melbourne, which he says has a rery trying climate. Mr. Qossip 
appears now to be editing a Chess column in one of the Sydney 

Sweden. — ^The King of Sweden and the Crown Prince are 
honorary members of the Stockh olm C hess Club, and both of 
them, like Charles Y. and Charles AM., take a lively interest in 
the game, and have often honoured the annual festival of the 
Association with their presence, thus giving another proof that 
the King of games is also the game of Kings. 


By H. J. C. Andrews. 

The pictorial frontispiece presented this month will, we feel 
assured, be generally accepted as adequately representative of all 
that is most admirable in the modem school of native problem 
art. Some of the portraits — especially the central group — most 
forcibly recall the glories of the past, but these are worthily sup- 
ported by younger champions whose careers — already crowned 
with numerous laurels — are destined, we trust, to maintain the 
national credit for long years to come in many a well fought field ! 
Of the problems kindly contributed by the various authors Nos. 
323, 324, and 325 have previously appeared in print. The re- 
mainder have been specially composed for the occasion. 

The Mirror of American Sports Championship Solution 
Tourney is a veritable International affair. Considerably over 
100 entries have been made from all parts and, besides the cream 
of English solvers, we notice the names of Berger, Kockelkom, 
Loyd, and Shinkman. This is certainly the greatest competition, 
as regards both quantity and quality, that has ever come under 
our notice. In The Mirron^s Problem Tourney which proceeds 
contemporaneously, Messrs. Eeichhelm and Babson have accepted 
office^ as two out of the three preliminary judges. 


In the Liah Sportsman Two-move Tourney, for Irish 
composers, the chief prize has been awarded to Mrs. T. R 

While- going to press, we learn that the Schachzeitung for 
December asserts that Herr Meyer's prize five^mover (B. 0. M. 
Tourney No. XXIX.) is a corrected yersion of a faulty problem 
previously contributed to the Nuremberg Tourney of 1883. On 
our own behalf, we have only now time to state that none of the 
Nuremberg unsound problems having come before us, we are unable 
to judge of the nature and extent of the likeness referred to. In 
adjudicating upon XXIX., therefore, we had every reason to 
believe it was an original problem* What Herr Meyer's reply to 
the above criticism will be, our readers may probably see next 
month. The BehachaeUung has cried check and it is Herr Meyer's 
turn to move ! 

SoLtrrioNs of End-Games. 

■: : 

No. IV. 

The author's solution is very lengthy, and would occupy too 
much of our space to print in full. There is, however, the less 
need for this, as it is certain that White can only draw. We 
therefore give the initial moves only of the solution intended by 
the composer, viz. :— ^1 P to E 7, R to K 4, 2 R to Q 5, R takes I^ 
3 P queens ch, and wherever the King goes, it is obvious that 
White can win the Rook. He then easily wins the R P, and 
afterwards cramps the King gradually into a comer with his 
Queen, and forces the Bishop to move, which is then won by a 
divergent check. This is ingenious, but the author has entirely 
overlooked the consequences of 1 P to K 7, R to Kt sq, 2 R to 
Q 8, B to B 4 1 , 3 R takes R (best), B takes P, 4 K to Kt sq, 
B to Kt 4, 5 K to B sq, K to Kt 5, 6 K to K 2, K to B 5, 7 E to 
Q R 8, K to £t 5, 8 R to R 4 ch, B to B 5, K to B 4, E to B 4, 
10 K to B 3, B to Kt 4, 11 R to B 5 ch, K to Kt 3, 12 K toKt 4, 
B to B 3, 13 R to B 6, K to B 2, 14 K to B 5^ B to K 2, and 
now if 15 R to B 7, P to R 6, 16 K to Kt 4 (best), P takes P, 

17 R to B sq, B to B 4, and draws. Or if 15 R to K R 6, K to 
Kt 2, 16 R to R 5, B to Q sq, 17 K to Kt 4, K to Kt 3, 

18 R takes P, B tftkes R, 19 K takes B^ K to B 4; afid draws. 




No. V. 

1..., P to R 6, 2 Kt to B 3, P to R 7, 3 Kt to K 4, P queens, 
4 Kt to Q 6 ch, K to R sq, 5 Et takes R, Q to Q 4 ch, 6 K to 
Kt 4. The author now makes Black play Q takes P, which leads 
to a draw ; but he can win by Q to Kt 2, 7 Kt to Q 6, Q takes 
Kt P, 8 Kt to Kt 5 (best), Q to B 3, 9 K to R 5, K to Kt 2, 
10 P to B 4, K to Kt 3, &c. 

No. VI. 

1 B to Kt 7, Kt to Kt 7 (a) (if R to B 7, 2 B to R 6 ch, K to 
Q 5, 3 P queens, and draws at least), 2 B takes Kt, R takes B, 
3 P queens, and draws, (a) Kt to B 6, 2 B takes Kt, R to B 7, 
3 B to Kt 2, &o. 


. "Archimedes" gives accurately the author's intended solutions 
of Nos. 4 and 5, but as these two endings do not fulfil their con- 
ditions they are of course demolished, and no marks can be 
allowed for solving them except for demonstrations of their un- 
soundness. In No. 6 he gives author's solution, but omits the 
variation 1..., R to B 7. Marks, 9 — Total, 37. 

" East Marden." — The same observations apply as regards his 
solutions of Nos. 4 and 5. For No. 6, 10 marks— Total, 37. 

J. H. Blake has also failed to see the cooks of Nos. 4 and 5. 
For No. 6 he receives 10 marks — ^Total, 35. 

H. F. Cheshire discovers the unsoundness of No. 4, but his 
demonstration of it is confused, some of the moves he gives being 
wrongly described, and the method not conclusive. In No. 5 he 
gives mainly author's solution. In No. 6 he is correct, but omits 
the variation l...,R to B 7. ♦Marks for No. 4, five, for No. 6, 
nine = 14— Total, 47. 

F. W. W. and J. Burt give full and correct expositions of the 
two unsound endings, Nos. 4 and 5, and also solve accurately and 
completely No. 6. Full marks, 30 each. Total, F. W. W., 60 ; 
J. Burt, 59. 


Nos. 4 and 5 being demolished do not require further remark. 
No. 6. — ^A very neat position. F. W. W. — Not interesting, and 
the variations contain nothing. The position is unnatural, and 
the draw is very easy to see. " Archimedes." 



No. 314, by K J. W. Wood.— Herr Winkler points out that Black 
need not give mate at move 5, as he can play 5 Q to B 4. This 
prolongs the problem one move only as White would continue 
with 6 Q to K 5 forcing Black to capture and mate with Q. 

No. 316, by J. Jespersen.— 1 B to B 5, P takes Kt (a), 2 B to 
Kt 4, K takes R, 3 K to B 4, P checks, 4 E to B 3, 5 P mates, 
(a) P to R 4, 2 P to Kt 3, K to R 3, 3 P to Kt 4, K to R 2, 4 R 
takes P ch, 5 B mates. 

No. 317.— 1 Q to B 4, Q takes R, 2 Q takes P ch, &c. If 1 P 
to Kt 7, 2 R to B 4 ch, &c. If 1 Kt to B 2, or Kt 3, or Kt to B 6, 
2 Q to K 5 ch, &c. If 1 P takes Q, 2 R takes B P ch, &c. If 

1 B to K 3, 2 R to B 4 ch, &o. If 1 Other, 2 Q takes B P ch, 

No. 318, by K. W. Winkler.— 1 B to K sq, Kt at R 8 moves (a), 

2 B ch, Kt in, 3 R to B 3, Kt moves, 4 Q to Q 6 ch, Kt in, 5 Et 
to Q 3, P one, 6 Kt to B 2, P takes B, 7 Kt to Kt 4 ch, Kt takes 
£t mate, (a) If the other Kt move first, transpose White's moves 

No. 319, by B. G. Laws.— 1 R to Kt 6, Kt tks Kt, 2 Q to 
K 2 ch. Either Kt takes Q, 3 Kt mates accordingly. If 1 Kt 
takes £, 2 Kt (K sq) to B 3 ch, &o. 


No. 316, by J. Jespersen. — An elegant problem. J. A. Miles. — 
A problem attractive at first sight and not disappointing after- 
wards. It contains one or two likely lures. Mercutio. 

No. 317, by C. Planck.— Pretty, but a dual if Black play 
f P to Q Kt 4. J. A. M. — The strongest point here is the very 
narrow escape from a second solution. Scarcely up to the com- 
posei^s high standard. Mercutio. — Ingenious and not so puzzling 
as I expected. — £. S., Kensington. 

No. 318, by K. W. Winkler.— Easy, no novelty in it. The 
finale same as in *' The Scroll " by Rowland and myself. J. A. M 
- Well constructed and agreeable to solve. Mercutio. — A good 
problem. E. N. Frankenstein. 

No. 319, by B. G. Laws. — A beauty and difficult. J. A. M. — 
Quite delightful to solve. K S. — ^Although there is not much 
variety about this, I think it one of the nicest three-movers I have 
seen for some time. Mercutio. 


No. 320.— By F. HEALEV. 


So. 321.— Bs J. G. CAMPBELL. No. 322.— By J. G. CHANCELLOR. 


^U to plaj and mate in four moves. White to pla; and lD«t« in four moTca. 


No. 323.— By C. W. of Sunbubt. 


White to play and mate in three moves. 

No. 324.— Bt W. GRIMSHAW. No. 325.— By A. CYRIL PEAESON. 

White to play and rt 

No. 326.— Bt C. PLANCK. 

White to plaj and farce «elf-mate ii 

-By B. G. laws. N 

'Mto to play and forca salf-mate in eight White to pUj and force Belf-matB ii 


No. X. — Motto: " Vinci t veritaa." 


No. XL— Motto : " Vincit Veritas," No. XII. — Motto : " Vincit Veritas," 

White to pley and w 

Whit« 1o pUy &nd lira' 

The British Chess Magazine 

FEBRUARY, 1886. 




When first I saw sweet Lucy G , 

I felt my heart grow tender, 
And when I took her on my knee 

I felt my heart surrender. 

Sweet Lucy G was six in May, 

And I was sixty-three, and grey. 


She sank so gently in my arms, 

Her look was so confiding; 
Unconscious she of those soft charms. 

Unconscious aught of hiding : 
E'en when at "Hide and Seek" she played, 
Her muffled laugh her place betrayed. 


She told of all she ever knew 

As much as she was able; 
Of her white Dog whose name is Prue, 

Her Pony in the stable: 
How every day she took a ride, 
While Prue ran barking by her side. 


She told the name of every Doll, 

And Dolls she had in plenty; 
Dark Maud, fair Clara, rosy Poll, 

And so on up to twenty; 
And how they made a splendid show 
Placed on the sofa in a row. 



She told how she, the cunning thing, 
Would nurse Rebecca wheedle, 

Till she the faery book would bring, 
Though busy with her needle; 

And read how Sigmund's daughter bright 

Was courted by the faery Knight. 


She told of school-room lessons long. 

Of history, dullest reading, 
How sums upon her slate went wrong 

In spite of all her heeding ; 
How writing-lessons caused a rout, 
Because she poked her elbow out: — 


How twice a week her dear Papa 
Taught Chess, the time beguiling; 

How thrice a week her dear Mama 
Rehearsed school lessons, smiling : 

How nice such lessons were to take, 

Seasoned with kisses, smiles, and cake. 


Thus prattling on she played on me 

A trick Love oft rehearses, 
Set me, old Fool of sixty-three, 

Inditing silly verses; 
While Fancy moved me on to show 
Sweet six to sweeter sixteen grow. 


What changes will have come o*er Thee! 

What secrets thou'lt be hiding! 
Too old to sit upon my knee, 

Too coy to be confiding; 
Thou'lt be half &olicksome, half staid, 
A lovely, winsome English maid. 


I know that on some distant day 

That sweetest of all faces, 
Will make some smart young fellow say 

Things usual in such cases : 
Those bright eyes will become more bright. 
And see in him the faery knight. 



O may his fiieiy gifte be loye. 

And constancy unfailing 1 
Though Fortune kind or fickle prore, 

May love still be prevailing ! 
And in the future may we see 
The counterpart of Lacy G ! 



Ten years had passed since Lucy G , 

In years and beauty tender, 
Had prattled, sitting on my knee. 

And won my heart's surrender : 
She now had grown a winsome maid, 
Half frolicsome and half afraid 


I found her with Papa at Chess, 

For he had been her tutor; 
His game, I saw, was in distress, 

Like that of many a suitor ; 
When he resigned and said to me 
"Just try your luck with Lucy G T* 


She played with skill, but I, meanwhile, 

Was daczled with her beauty; 
Her bright eyes and bewitching smile 

Made me forget the duty 
Cussa claims, bat does not know 
The odds, when Beauty is the foe. 


She ckaied off all my pawns and men 

In this unequal duel; 
My King was in his own Rook's pen, 

And mate were kindness cruel, 
But she, to show her skilled Chess lore. 
Exclaimed '^ The Pawn shall mate in four 1 " 


She with her thimble coiffed the Fawn, 
Moved Rook to King's fifth aquare; 

My poor Eiog moved with look forlorn, 
Rook's check crowned hia despair; 

The En^ht advanced him to hia fate, 

And little Coiff^ gave the mate. 

Sweet Lucy G ! still sweet to me, 

Ifow cmel, erst so tender. 
Think back ten years, when, on my knee, 

You made my heart surrender ; 
Think now, when Time has thinned my pate. 
How you have thimblerigged a mate 1 




Chess did not floiinsh at Berlin in the early part of the 
century. The Napoleonic times were too politically sad — ^the 
expression is Yon der Lasa's — and after the great national up- 
rising still too stem and serious for men to devote themselves to 
a game. If there were any players of a really high degree of 
sloU, they were not remembered in the next generation. The 
oldest Berlin Chess Club was founded in 1803 ; and one of its 
roles, almost incredible as it would now seem, was that military 
men were excluded. Deschapelles, who visited Berlin four years 
later, declared that there was no member of the Club to whom 
he could not give the odds of a Book. The Frenchman's reputa- 
tion for blague was at least as great as his Chess fame ; and 
many of his statements, notably his assertion that he had 
acquired his whole force in four days from the time he learnt 
the moves, require to be taken with a large handfiil of salt. 
There may also have been stronger playeri^ outside the Club, 
whom he did not meet ; and Mendheim was almost certainly 
among them. The works of Allgaier (Vienna 1 795) and Koch 
(Magdeburg 1801) continued to be reprinted wi& improve- 
ments, and show that Chess retained some vitality, both in 
North and South Germany, throughout this gloomy period. At 
the dose of it Mendheim himself brought out his first Chess 
book (Berlin 1814) ; but it was only a pocket volume of 60 small 

With the peace of 1815 came improvement, slowly however 
at first. It was long before Berlin rivalled the Chess fame of 
DeschapeUes and Labourdonnais in France, or of Sarratt and 
Lewis in England. The old Club, which singularly enough 
called itself the Cheat Club, maintained the same exclusive 
principles ; the original players went on sleepily playing with 
one another till they died oS, and made no attempt to provide 
for a succession of young blood, or in any way to train the rising 
generation. We fancy we have heard, even in these more pro- 
gressive days, of English provincial dubs content to vegetate 
after this fashion. Mendheim was not admitted to this Club as 
a fiill member, but only as a '' standing guest," with what 
would now be called honorary membership. The correspondence 
matches of the old Berlin Club against Breslau and Hamburg, 
which are now almost the only records of its existence, were 
conducted by him single-handed. He founded, however, a 
younger dub in 1828, and remained the leading spirit in it tiU 
his death in 1836. This club met in a pleasant locality called 


tlie Blumengartea (Flower Garden) which has now long ceased 
to exist. It was here that, under Mendheim's training, the 
famous group of players were formed, known from their number 
as the Ileiads, who a few years later raised the Berlin school to 
a foremost place among the Chess centres of Europe. The 
period from 1837 to 1843 is indicated by Yon der Lasa, in his 
Chess BecoUections (SchacherinnerungenJ as that in which they 
were at their zenith, cuhninating with the publication of the 
Handbuch in the latter year. We do not think that they pro- 
duced any individual player quite equal to Labourdonnais at 
the beginning or Staunton at the close of this period, and their 
reputation was no doubt less widely diffused than that of the 
contemporary French and English champions. But not even 
London or Paris, so far as our knowledge of those times extends, 
could hare boasted as many as seyen stars of equal magnitude. 
None of them, it should be added, were Chess-players and 
nothing else. They were all men of liberal professions and of 
culture, qualified to adorn Berlin society at a time when it was 
much less military than at present, and when the tone was 
giyen to it by such men as King Frederick William lY, Alexander 
Ton Humboldt, and Bunsen. Several of them, as will be seen, 
were really remarkable for their intellectual gifts, and their 
varied acquirements. We shall first notice them in the order of 
seniority, aud then touch upon the qaestion, not easy to answer 
dogmatically, of their comparative Chess skill. 

Dr. L. Bledow, the doyen ot the band, was bom at Berlin in 
1795, and was already a player of mature years and much 
experience at the beginning of the period we are now consider- 
ing. To a knowledge of mathematics evinced by his employment 
as teacher in more than one public day school, he added an 
acquaintance with modem languages unusual even among his 
highly educated countrymen. Thus he was essentially a learned 
player, familiar with the Italian authors of the last century and 
the English school of which Lewis is the cential figure; while 
these, the latter especially, were little known to his comrades. 
He amassed a fine Chess library in various languages, which 
Koseak notes in 1846 as one of the two best private collections 
then existing, the other being George Walker's. Both these 
were men of moderate means, and brought more skill than capi- 
tal to the pursuit of book-hunting ; and they have since been 
eclipsed by such magnificent collectors as Eimington Wilson the 
Yorkshire squire, George Allen of Philadelphia and, we believe, 
some other Americans. On Bledow's death his Chess books 
were, as we were informed by Staunton, first offered for sale in 
England ; but they found a more appropriate home in the Royal 
Library at Berlin. During his life-time he was in general chary 


of allowmg others to see or borrow his treasures, treating his 
learmng as something of a monopoly : he made an exception^ 
however, in favour of Yon der Lasa when editing the Handhuch, 
In other respects this great monument of Berlin Chess owed 
little to Bledow, as he was not much given to original analysis. 
He conducted many games by correspondence ; often spent his 
holidays playing in &e German cities, such as Hamburg and 
Breslau ; and &U3 made the acquaintance of nearly all the 
leading players, at least of his own country. Of knight-errantry 
abroad in quest of opponents there is no mention. Being a man 
of social qualities and a good correspondent, his acquaintances 
often ripened into Mendships which were weU kept up : he 
became, we are told, the adviser of a large Chess public, was in 
request as umpire in matches, and was thus well qualified for 
the position he ultimately achieved, that of founder of the first 
German Chess magazine. He had made proposals to a Prague 
publiisher as early as 1844 ; but it was not until July 1846 that 
the first number of the Sehachzeitung appeared. In the following 
month he died, having long been in declining health. In the 
words of his Mend Kossak, '' he was permitted to pioneer the 
way for others by the opening number only, and then was torn 
:&om us for ever." His pet creation is now in its 4 let year of 
iminterrupted prosperity : under a succession of able editors it 
has enjoyed the inestimable advantage of having always the 
same publishers (Messrs. Yeit and Co., at first in Berlin, since 
1859 at Leipzig). At the time of his death he had been for a 
short period President of the Berlin Chess Club, the same, we 
believe, which now exists : the old exclusive club having been 
reorganised about 1840 on a more liberal footing. His rank 
as a Chess master in practical play is rather difGLcult to decide. 
The contemporary estimate by Kossak, an intimate personal 
friend writijig in the first moments of loss, certainly requires 
some abatement : he compares him to Labourdonnais, and says 
that "Bledow has died unconquered," naming most of the 
German masters of the day, and the Hungarians Szen and 
Lowenthal, as either his equals or his inferiors. Yon der Lasa, 
whose modesty scarcely allows him to do justice to himself, 
nevertheless lets us see that there is another side to the question. 
Owing to the state of his health, Bledow had gradually with- 
drawn from serious play for some years before his death. In 
many cases his games do not represent the topmost strength of 
his opponents. Horwitz, Anderssen, Buckle had only played 
with him long before they culminated ; and as the superiority of 
Hanstein and Yon der Lasa asserted itself more and more un- 
equivocally he gave up playing with them and took refuge in 
odds-giving. Even in his best days there was, on the testimony 


of both these masters, a distinctly weak side to his play. He 
shone more in inventing ingenious attacks than in the defence 
of difficult positions ; he generally evaded the King's Gambit by 
2 B to B 4, and when he accepted it, defended it badly ; he was 
brilliant, but given to setting traps, which gave rise to a com- 
parison between his style and that of Orreoo, Only occasionally 
did he carry out far-reaching combinations with a continxdty of 
execution ( Conseqtienz) which reminded men of Anderssen or 
Labourdonnais. His physical endurance seems never to have 
been tested by long match games ; and there is, on the whole, 
sufficient evidence that he was not of the stuf^ of which the 
greatest players are made. As an interesting and important 
figure, however, in the Chess world he has damed a raider dis- 
proportionate amount of our space. 

The next in standing were the two painters, Schom and Hor- 
witz. It was only by courtesy, it would seem, or to make up 
the mystic number seven, that the former was reckoned among 
the Pleiads ; he must have been on quite a different plane from 
the rest ; but he was as much above Horwitz as an artist as he 
was below him as a Ohess-player. Garl Schom was bom at 
Ddsseldorf in 1802, and was at Berlin till 1839 or 1840, when 
he visited Italy and finally settled at Munich. There he died 
in October 1850, within a week of Hanstein, leaving imfinished 
a picture of the Deluge which he was painting for the art-loving 
ex-king Louis I. The obituary notices, we are told, paid a 
handsome tribute to his artistic powers ; but the writer in the 
Schachzeitung naturally treats of him only from, the Chess- 
player's point of view. After his morning's work in the 
studio he came every day to the Blumengarten to smoke a 
clay pipe of portentous length, to smash the smaller fry at 
Chess, to look on at the great men and occasionally try 
conclusions with them, and to enliven them all with the 
flashes of his wit and humour. His fun was ferocious on 
the surface, kind-hearted at bottom, and he never gave real 
pain. In his style of play, as in everything else, he was an 
original, insisting that Chess should be treated as an art only 
and not as a science (here the artist nature breaks out) and 
laughing at the learned pundits or "Chess Brahmins" as he 
called them. They held on their way unmoved, and the result 
was the Handhuch, In reality he had acquired by practice and 
observation, without book study, a very fair knowledge of the 
openings : his eccentric style broke down in the long run against 
a sounder method, but he sometimes scored off the champions 
and gave them ** splitting head-aches" by his puzzling combi- 
nations. The Chess world of Berlin was poorer at his departure, 
occurring as it did nearly at the same time with that of Horwitz 
and the removal of Bilguer by death. 


Of Horwitz's Berlin days little remains to be said, while of 
his later career our readers may have already heard more than 
enough. In 1837^ when Yon der Lasa first joined the Chess 
drde as a mere youth, he thought Horwitz inferior to Bledow, 
and soon was himself able to play up to him. But Bledow had 
then reached his full strength, while Horwitz, who ripened slowly, 
had not. He imquestionably improved during the first six or 
seven years after he came to England, and was in his best form 
from about 1849, the date of his second match with Harrwitz, 
till 1852, when he easily defeated Lowenthal. The short notice 
of him in the October Schachzeitung admits that he ** developed 
into a champion of the first rank." We may be allowed to 
express a wish that Baron v. d. Lasa, the only living depositary 
of the old Berlin traditions^ will favour the world with some 
fuller account of Horwitz's earlier days. W. W. 

(To be continued.) 


Problem Department. 


J. 0. Bremner. — Your three-mover is still faulty. After 1 B to 
B 7, K to K 8 White can play also 2 Q to Q 8, &c. Your 
solutions of Nos. 323 and 325 are correct. The others are 
insufficiently demonstrated and need reconsideration. 

K. W. Winkler. — Card received. Thanks ! See solutions. 
It is quite unnecessary to allude further to the critique on your 
problem. More than half the problems of the day might be objected 
to on the same grounds of likeness to something else in the 
mating position. 

Von Hoist, Denmark. — We regret to say that by an unfortu- 
nate accident the second edition of your three-mover has been 
destroyed. Can you favour us with another copy at your con- 
venience 1 

K S., Kensington. — ^Your request is complied with in Problem 
World. Hope to hear from you soon with reviews. 

Mercutio, Paris. — Have sent copy as requested. The critiques 
will be welcome if you find time for them this month. 

A. F. M., Jamaica. — Much obliged for new version of your 
four-mover and accompanying papers. 

T. B. R, Clontarf. — Received with thanks, but too late for 
notice this month. 





(English Opening.) 



1 PtoQB4 

2 P to Q 4 

3 Kt to Q B 3 

4 Kt to B 3 

5 P to K 3 

6 B to K 2 (a) 

7 Castles 

8 P to Q Kt 3 

9 B to Kt 2 

10 B to Q 3 

11 P tks Q P 

12 B tks Kt 

13 P to K 4 

14 R to K sq 
16 B tks P 

16 B to Kt 2 

17 P to Q R 3 (e) 

18 Q to K 2 

19 P to Q R 4 

20 6 to B sq 

21 B to K 3 

22 Q tks B 

23 B to B 4 

24 Kt to Q 2 (h) 

25 Kt to B 3 (0 

26 Kt to K 5 

27 Q to B 4 

28 B to K 2 ! 

29 Kt to Kt 4 

30 Kt to K 5 

31 Q R to B sq 


PtoK 3 
Kt to K B 3 
BtoK 2 
P to Q Kt 3 
B to Kt 2 
Q Kt to Q 2 
P to Q B 4 
Kt to K 5 (b) 
Kt tks Kt (c) 
B tks P (d) 
B to Kt 2 
P tksP 
Q to K 2 
P to Q R 4 
K R to Q sq 
Kt to B sq 
P to R 3 (/) 
B tks B (g) 
Kt to Q 2 
Kt to B 4 
RtoQ 2 
K R to Q sq 
B to Kt 2 
Kt to Q 2 (j) 
Kt to B 3 
Q R to B sq 
Kt to Q 4 



32 Q to Kt 3 

33 B to B 4 

34 Q to R 3 


Q to B 3 (k) 
RtoQ 3 

35 Q R to Q sq (/) Q R to Q sq 

36 R to Q B sq Kt to B 3 (m) 

37 Q to Kt 3 

38 R P tks Q 

39 Kt tks Kt 

40 B to Kt 5 

41 RtoB 7 

42 R to B 3 

43 R to Q sq 

Q tksQ 
Kt to Q 2 
RtoQ 7 
B to Q 4 (n) 
R to Kt 7 
PtoKt3 (o) 

44 P to K Kt 4 K to Kt 2 

45 R frQ sq toQ 3 R to K B sq 

46 R to K 3 P to B 4 

47 B to Q 7 P to B 5 ! 

48 Rfr K 3 toQ 3 R to Kt 8 ch 

KtoB 3 
P to Kt 4 (q) 
R to Q B sq 

49 K to R 2 
60 B to Kt 5 

51 R to Q 4 

52 B to B 4 (r) 
63 P to B 3 

54 RatQ4tksB R tks R 

55 P tks R R to Kt 5 

56 P to B 5 

67 R tks P 

68 R to B 7 

59 R to K R 7 

60 R to R 7 

61 R to R 6 

R tksP 
R to Kt 6 
R to Kt 3 (s) 
R to Kt 4 
K to K 4 and 

White resigned. 

NoTBS BY C. K Ranken. 

(a) Experts consider B to Q 3 preferable for the first player 
in this opening, and the remark seems justified by White's action 
four moves later. 


(b) We question the soundness of this advanee ; at any rate 
the Paris committee seem to have repented of it afterwards, if we 
may judge from their next more. 

(e) M. Rosenthal preferred and voted for P takes P here, but 
had to yield to the majority of his colleagues who favoured ex- 
changing for the sake of simplifying matters ; we presume that 
had they left the Kt at K 5, and retaken with the P, they were 
afraid of 12 P takes P, P takes P, 13 Q to B 2, followed presently 
hy Q R to Q sq. 

{d) To keep open the diagonal for their B ; nevertheless we 
believe P takes P to be the correct course, threateniog at the 
proper moment to gain a passed Pawn by P to B 5. 

(e) Objectionable, because the Q R must now be kept at home 
to defend the Pawn, unless it be again pushed on, which they 
presently are obliged to do, thereby again losing a move. 

(/) White's manoeuvre with their Bishop was not good, 
but this reply seems weak, and M. Rosenthal does not explain 
it Black should rather, perhaps, have played Q K to B sq, 
preventing 21 B to K 3, on pain of B takes B and then 

(^) Here again, Q R to B sq seems the right move. 

{h) A disastrous retreat, they should have played P to K 5. 

(i) White, owing to their previous loss of time in de- 
velopment, are now in some difficulty, being threatened with 
the doubling of the enemy's Rooks, and also with B to R 3, 
and afterwards R to Q 6, if they defend their E P by P to B 3. 
For these reasons then they considered it better to maintain 
an attack even at the sacrifice of a Pawn. 

(j) Et takes Et P would not be good, on account of 29 Q 
R to Et sq, Et to Q 5, 30 B to B 5 &c., and P to B 3 would also 
be rather risky. 

(A;) For some time the Paris players have been endeavouring 
to force the exchange of Ets ; they could now obtain that of the 
Queens and one Rook by R takes R and Q to Et 4, but then the 
Kt would still be left. 

(Q Another lost move, for Black's reply menaces Q takes Et, 
followed by Et to B 5, which compels the Rook to go back again. 
If instead they played 36 Et to Q 3, then Q to Et 4, threaten- 
ing Kt to B 5, and also Et to B 6. (See diagram next page.) 

(m) Intending probably Et to E 5. Black have now got the 
attack completely into their own bands, so that White are almost 
forced to challenge the exchange of Queens. 

(n) R to Q 8 would involve the loss of a Pawn, cg^ R to Q 8, 
42 R takes R, R takes R ch, 43 E to R 2, B to Q 4, 44 R to B 8 
eh, K to R 2, 45 R to Q Et 8, B takes P, 46 R takes P, R to Q 5, 
47 B to E 8, R to Q Et 5, 48 R to R 6 &c. 



(o) E to B sq, with the idea of going to K 2, would of course 
be useless, because the Rook can always check off^ and R to Q 
Kt sq would be answered by R from Q sq to Q 3. 

(p) With the intention of playing P to R 4, to open either 
the K R or the E Kt file. 

(q) We see no objection to either K to K 4 or K to Et 4 here, 
but we leave the analysis to our readers. 

(r) White have fought the losing battle very toughly, but 
this leads to an exchange of pieces which must be prejudicial to 
their interests : it is, howeyer, di£&cult to see what they can advan- 
tageously do, for if the R at Q 4 goes back to Q 3, then P to R 4, 
53 P takes P, P to Kt 5, threatening R to K R sq, and they seem 
to be without resourca 

(e) Clever, for if R takes P ch, then E to R 2 wins by im- 
prisoning the Rook, and pushing on the R P. 

Position after Black's 35th move. 
Blaok (Paris.) 

White (Vienna.) 


Played at the Counties Chess Association Meeting at Hereford, 

August, 1885. 

(Ruy Lopez.) 


(Mr. Ranken.) (Mr. Pollock.) 
lPtoE4 PtoE4 

2 Kt to K B 3 Et to Q B 3 

3 B to Kt 5 P to Q R 3 

4 B to R 4 Kt to B 3 


(Mr. Ranken.) (Mr. Pollock.) 

5 P to Q 4 P tks P 

6 Castles B to E 2 

7 P to E 5 Kt to K 5 

8 Kt tks P Castles 



9 P to Q B 3 (a) 

12 P tks Kt (c) 

13 P to B 3 

U Kt to B 3 (d) 

15 P tks P 

16 Et to K 2 

17 K to R sq 

18 B tks B 

19 Q to B 2 (e) 

20 B tks Kt 

21 Q R to Q sq 

22 Kt to B 4 

23 P to K Kt 3 

24 K R to K sq 

25 R tks R 

26 K to Kt 2 

27 R to Q 3 

Kt tks Kt 
Kt to Et 4 
B to Q B 4 
B to Kt 3 
Qto B3 
R to K sq 
RtoK 6 
QtoK 4 

29 Q to K 2 

30 Kt tks Q 

31 Kt to B Bq 

32 K to B sq 

33 P to Kt 3 

34 K to K 2 

35 Kt to Q 3 ch 

36 Kt to Kt 2 

37 P to Q R 4 

38 Kt to B 4 

39 P tks P 

40 Kt to Q 2 

41 P tks P ch 

42 Kt to K 4 

43 K to K 3 

44 K to Q 2 

45 Kt tks P 

46 K to B sq 

47 Kt to K 4 

48 Resigns. 

Q tks Q oh 
P to K Kt 4 
K to Kt 2 
K toB 3 
K toQ4 
BtoB 2 
P toKt 4 
P to Q 6 ch 
B to Kt 3 ch 
P to B 6 ch 
KtoQ 4 
B to K 6 ch 

Notes by C. E. Ranebn. 

(a) Kt to B 5 is usaally played here, but we consider the 
text move, providing for the retreat of the B to B 2, and support- 
ing the centre, a more solid mode of maintaining the attack. 

(b) B to B 3, without the check, is probably stronger. 

(c) And here he ought, undoubtedly, to have played B takes 
Kt, and, on the Kt retreating, Q to R 5. 

(dj This allows Black completely to turn the tables ; the P 
should have gone on to B 4. 

(e) Of a piece with Mr. Ranken's play nearly all through 
the Hereford Tourney:* almost any other move would have 
retrieved his position, but notably Kt to Kt 3, or Q to Q 3, or 
P to B 4. There is not much need to comment on the rest of the 
game. White struggles hard to draw, but his opponent's accuracy 
and steadiness render his efforts useless. 



(Mr.Ranken.) (Mr. Thorold.) 

1 P to K 4 P to K 4 

2 Kt to K B 3 Kt to Q B 3 

3 P to Q 4 P tks P 

(Scotch Gambit.) 


(Mr. Ranken.) (Mr. Thorold.) 

4 Kt tks P B to B 4 

5BtoK3 QtoB3 

6PtoQB3 KKttoK2 




8 P to KB 4 (a) 

9 Q to K B 2 (6) 

10 Kt to Q 2 (c) 

11 P tks B 

12 Kt to B 3 (d) 

13 P to K 6 

14 K to Q sq 

15 B to Q 2 

16 B tks Kt 

17 B to Q 3 

18 K to B sq 

19 Q to Q 2 

20 P to Q Kt 3 

21 KtoKt2(6) 

22 P to Q R 3 

23 Q to B 3 

24 B to K 2 

25 P to Kt 4 

P to Q R 3 
PtoQ 3 
BtoQ 2 
Btks Kt 
Kt to Kt 5 
PtoQ 4 
Q to K Kt 3 
Kt to B 4 
Q to Q Kt 3 
B to R 5 ch 
Kt to K 2 
BtoQ 2 
Ktto B3 
B to Kt 5 
P to R6 
Castles K R 

26 K R to Q sq 

28 B tks B 

29 B to K 2 (^) 

30 R to Q Kt sq 

31 R to Q 3 

32 B to Q sq 

33 B P tks P 

34 B tks Kt 

35 R to B 3 (^) 

36 P tks R 

37 R to Q R sq 

38 K tks P 

39 R to K sq 

40 Q to K 3 

41 Q to Q 2 

42 R to K 3 (J) 

43 Resigns. 

Ktto R 4 
P to Q B 3 
Kt to Kt 6 
K R to K sq 
P toB3 
R to K B sq 
Q to R 3 (i) 
Q to K 7 ch 
R to E B sq 
Q tks B P 
Q to Kt 5 
R to B 6 ch 
Qto B5 

NoTBS BT C. £. Rankbn. 

(a) At this point, we believe, Mr. Blackburne usually plays 

(b) B to B 4 seems the right move here. White delays too 
long the development of his King's side. 

(cj The effect of this is to leave the Queen's wing weak and 
undefended ; he should either play B to B 4 first, or P to Q R 3 
to keep out the Kt. 

(dj If 12 R to B sq, then Kt takes P, and if 13 R takes P, 
B to B 3^ shutting in the Rook. White, however, could have 
avoided the necessity of moving his K presently by playing the Kt 
to B 4 or Kt square here, and then to Q R 3. 

(e) In view of the position of the B Q, it would be perhaps 
better to bring back the K vid Q nq to his own side. 

CfJ He should have relieved himself of the attack at this 
point by Q to B 5 forcing the exchange of Queens with a perfectly 
even game. 

(gj And here, again, Q to B 6 is preferable. 

fhj White has fought his way out of his difficulties, and now 
stands to win a clear Pawn, which he should have taken at once 
with his King, protecting his K Kt P, if attacked, by R to Kt 2. 

(i) After this good move Black gets a decisive advantage, 
but query, coxild he nave done so had White now simply replied 
with K takes P 1 

(j) A final and ftital error, tfaongh the game seems lo&t in 
any case. 




Played in the Handicap Tourney of the Irish Chess Association, 

Dublin, October, 1885. 

(Pawn and move — remove Black's K B P.) 


(Mr. Peake.) 

1 P to K 4 

3 Kt to Q B 3 

4 B to Q Kt 5 

5 P to Q 5 

6 B tks B ch 

7 K Kt to K 2 

9 Kt to B 4 

10 Castles 

11 P to Q Kt 3 

12 Kt to Q 3 

13 Kt tks Kt 


(Mr. Pollock.) 

P toQ3 
Kt to K B 3 
Kt to Q B 3 
BtoQ 2 
KttoK 4 
Q tksB 
PtoK 3 
Q toB 2 
BtoK 2 
Castles K R 
P tks Kt 

15 K to R sq Kt to Kt 5 ! 
16BtoKB4!(5) B to Q 5 
17 P tks Kt B tks Kt 



(Mr. Peake.) (Mr. Pollock.) 

18 B to Kt 3 Q to Kt 3 

19 R tks R ch R tks R 

20 R to Kt sq Q tks K P 

21 P to Q R 3 (e) B to Q 5 

22 P to B 4 

23 P to K R 3 

24 B to R 2 

25 B to Kt sq 

26 Q to K B sq 

27 K to R 2 

28 K to R sq 

29 R to K sq 

30 B to R 2 

31 K to Kt sq 

32 Q to B 2 

PtoKR 3 
B toR5 
RtoQ 6 
B to Kt 6 ch 
R tks P ch 
R tks B ch 
Q to Q 5 ch 
R to R 8 ch 

Notes bt K Fbbbborough. 

(aj So far White by expending his time in Exchanging 
pawns and pieces has allowed his opponent to obtain a better 
development. He had also lodt the attack, and further disad- 
vanta^ should follow from the nature of the position. 

fb) Forced brilliaeicy, but of a high ord^r^^a isacrifioial 

{c) Evidently adrift. He perhaps contemplates P to Kt 4, 
followed bv R to Kt 3^ to which (assuming him to do nothing in 
the meantime) Black might reply by B to K 8 — another sacrificial 




(Pawn and move — ^remove Black's K B P.) 


(Mr. Mackeson.) 

1 P to K 4 

2 P to Q 4 

3 B to Q 3 

4 P to Q B 3 

5 Kt to K 2 

6 Castles 

7 P to Q 6 

8 B to K Kt 6 

9 Kt to Q 2 

10 B tks Kt 

11 P to KB 4 

12 P tks P 

13 R tks R 

14 Q to B 2 

15 R to K B sq 

16 Kt to Q B 4 

17 Kt to Q 4 

18 Kt tks B 

19 Kt to B 3 

20 K to R sq 

21 P to K R 3 


(Mr. Rynd.) 

PtoQ 3 
Kt to K B 3 
Kt to B 3 
P to K Kt3 (a) 
B to Kt 2 
PtoK 4 
KttoK 2 
Castles . 
P to K R 3 
K to Kt 2 
P to K Kt 4 
Q to K sq 
Kt to Kt 3 
Kt to B 5 
P tks Kt 
B to Kt 5 
R to Q sq 
Q to R 4 1 (6) 


(Mr. Mackeson.) 

22 Kt tks K P 

23 Q to B 2 

24 Q to Kt 3 

25 Kt to B 3 

26 Kt tks P ch 

27 Q tks Kt 

28 Q to Kt 3 

29 P to K R 4 

30 P tks P 

31 Q to Q 3 ch 

32 P to Q 6 

33 P tks P 

34 K to Kt sq 

35 R to B 2 

36 Q to Q 5 oh 

37 Q to B 3 

38 R to K 2 

39 Q to B 2 


(Mr. Rynd.) 

B to B sq (c) 
R to K sq 
K toR 2 
Kt tks B 
P tks Kt 
Q to Kt 3 
Q to Kt 2 
R to K Kt 5 
K to Kt sq 
Q tks Kt P 
Q to R 3 ch 
K to Kt 2 
QtoK 2 
Q to Kt 4 
PtoKt 3 
R to K B 5 
and wins. 


(a) Questionable. Mr. Mackeson avails himself skilfully of 
the odds. 

(h) This move and Black's 23rd were inconsiderate. 

(c) It would not do now to proceed with the intended sacri- 
fice as Kt in taking P has protected White's Bishop^ If Black 
relied on timidity in White he was mistaken and the Pawn 
abandoned unwisely. The concluding portion of the game 
is interesting but Black's steadiness seems to have forsaken 



One of eight blindfold games played at Worcester on 8th Dea 1885. 

(Philidor defence.) 


(Mr.Blackbnme.) (Rev.W.W.Vcvers.) 

1 P to K 4 

2 Kt to K B 3 

3 P to Q 4 

4 Q tks P 

5 B to K Et 5 

PtoK 4 
PtoQ 3 
B to Q 2 (a) 

Kt to KB 3 (6) 

6KttoQB3 (c) B toK2 

7 Castles Kt to Q B 3 

8 Q to Q 2 B to Kt 5 (cZ) 
9BtoKt5 PtoKR3 

10 B to K R 4 (e) Castles 

11 B tks Q Kt P tks B 

12 P to K R 3 

13 Q to K 2 
U B tks B 

15 P to K Kt 4 

16 Kt to Q 4 

17 Q to K 3 

18 Kt to K B 5 

19 P to B 4 

Kt to Q 2 
Kt to K 4 (/) 
B to B 5 (g) 
P to Q B 4 
Q toK 3 
Kt to Kt 3 (h) 



Blackburne.) (Rev.W. W.Vevere.) 
P to Kt 3 B to R 3 
Kt to Q 5 Q R to B sq 
Kt tks R P ch P tks Kt 
P to B 5 Q to K 4 

P tks Kt K to Kt 2 (t) 

P tks P R tks P 

P to Kt 5 P tks P if) 
KRtoKtsq(A;) K to R 3 
P to K R 4 R to K Kt sq 
P tks P ch R tks P 
R tks R Q tks R 

R to R sq ch K to Kt 3 
R to Kt sq R to B 8 ch (l) 

Q tks Q ch 
Kt tks P 
KttoK 8 
Pto B4 

Considered drawn. 

K tksQ 
KtoB 5 

Notes by C. E. Ranken. 

(aj It must be confessed that none of the book defences at 
this point are entirely satisfactory. We would suggest Q to B 3 
here as a move to which there appears to be no objection, and we 
are not aware that it has ever been analysed. Another unfre- 
quented path is P to K R 3. 

(b) P to B 3 yields a cramped and uncomfortable game, and 
Et to K 2 is no better. 

fcj White, of course, may double the Pawns now, but that 
would not be Mr. Blackbume*s style. 

(d) Premature : we prefer Castles, and if 9 B to Q 3, then 
Kt to K 4, or if 9 B to B 4, then B to K 3. 

(ej B to K 3 looks stronger, in order to keep up an attack 
on the K R P if Black castles on K's side. 

(f) Black should, we think, have played the Kt to Kt 3. If 
White replied with Kt to Q 4, then Q to Kt 4 ch, followed by 
Q to Q B 4; with a good attack. 



(g) This serves no purpose but to drive th€ Q to a stronger 
post. The check with Q at Kt 4, and then one of the Rooks to 
Q Et sq, seems the proper continuation. 

(h) The Kt ought rather to have retreated to B 3 or Q 2. 

(i) He might safely retake with Pawn, for if the Q then 
captured the R P, Black could at least draw by perpetual check. 

(i) Q R to K B sq would have given White more trouble. 

(h) It was better to play the other Rook to this square, 
which would compel Black to force the exchange of Queens as his 
only resource. 

(I) A saving clause which Mr. Blackburne must have over- 



(From The Evening Telegram^ New York, Tuesday, Jan. 12, 1886.) 

Promptly at two o'clock yesterday afternoon IVIr. Green, the 
President of the Manhattan Chess Club, introduced the champions 
to a throng of eager and excited admirers of the royal game of 
Chess, who filled Cartier's Hall, on Fifth Avenue, in this 

Mr. Mohle decided the first move in Mr. Zukertort's favour by 
the toss of a copper, which bright little coin was enhanced in value 
a thousand fold as it flew through the air, |(5 being bid for it as a 
souvenir of the great event before it reached the floor. It is worthy 
of note that the same Chess-board was employed upon which 
Morphy fought his famous battles a quarter of a century ago, the 
veteran Mr. Patterson, who called off the moves for Morphy, again 
acting as teller upon the present occasion. 

There was a great gathering of Chess veterans, and there were 
many hearty hand-shakings between players who had not met for 
over a score and a half of years, who were again attracted by the 
fame of the present players. There were many eminent divines, 
members of the legal profession, and men of letters present, who 
gravely discussed the features of the results and compared the skill 
of the champions with the marvellous genius of Morphy and his 
brilliant d^but at the first American Chess Congress, which they so 
well remembered. 

The ingenious little tumbling clocks which marked the time 
and regulated the fifteen moves which each player had to make per 
hour, were new to most of the spectators, and the mammoth bulle- 


tin board, with movable pieces which exhibited the game as it 
progressed, was a decided novelty, due to the inventive genius of 
President Green. 

Bepresentative delegates were present &om all parts of the 
country, who were kept busy telegraphing the various stages of the 
game to their respective clubs. The moves were also cabled imme- 
diately to Europe, where the result was probably known at all the 
dubs simultaneously with New York. 

The right of first move was decided by lot and fell to Zukertort, 
who boldly offered the Queen's Gambit, which is one of his fSftvourite 
openings. The following are the moves : — 

(Queen's Gambit declined.) 

First Game. 


(Mr. Zukertort.) (Mr. Steinitz.) 
lPtoQ4 PtoQ4 


(Mr. Zukertort.) (Mr. Steinitz.) 
2PtoQB4 PtoQB3(a) 

This reply by Mr. Steinitz is a very unusual way of declining 
the gambit, and the game may be said to be practically already 
away &om the books — the usual method of deploying the Pawn 
being to play P to K 3. 

3PtoK3 BtoKB4 

— a bold move that apparently commences the attack at once. 

4KttoQBS PtoK3 8PtoQKt4 PtoK4(6) 

5 Et to K B 3 Kt to Q 2 9 B to K 2 E Et to B 3 

6PtoQE3 BtoQ3 10QBtoEt2(c)PtoE5 

7PtoB5 BtoB2 

This move gave but little satisfaction to the critics at the time, 
as it apparently invites White to castle on Queen's side and boldly 
push forward an attack on the Eing^s side. 

11 EttoQ2 PtoEE4(c?) 

The critics were admiring the skill with which Steinitz was 
carrying out one of his pet theories of holding back the Books' 
Pawns when the last move was sprung upon them. Its wonderful 
efficacy will be soon perceived : — 

12 P to E E 3 Et to E B sq 14 P to Q Et 5 Et to E 5 

13 P to Q E 4 1 Et to Et 3 

A powerful move, which gives Black a decided and resistless 
ftttftck * 

16 P to Et 3 Et to Et 7 ch (e) 

A bold move on the part of Black, from which there is no 
receding — a decisive stroke, which must either win or lose the 
game, as shown by the following diagram : — 


PositiiMi after Black's ISth move. Poaition after Black's 30th more. 

Wjutb (Mb. Zuebrtort.) White (Ue(. Zdebrtobt.) 

leKtoBsq KttksPch |18KtoKt2 B to Q B 2 

ITPtkaKt BtkaP ( 19 QtoKKts4(/) R to E 3 

Another etrong move, to which there seema to be no aatia&ctoiy 
reply. A beautif^ sequel to the move P to B 1. 
20 K to B sq B to Kt 3 I 23 B to E. Kt sq B tks P oh 
2lQtoB2 QtoQ2 24£toEsq EttoEtS 

22 P tkfl P {?) P tka P | 

B to Et 6 wonld have been a mote attacking more, bat might 
bave given White an opportunity of an ingenious teply by Et to 
Q Et 5. 

25 B tka Kt B tks B 1 27 Et to K B 4 B to B 3 

26 Et to K 2 Q to E 2 (A) I 

Quite an unexpected move, as Black's most obviooa line of play 
was B to B 3, &c. 

28 B to B 3 P to Kt 4 I 30 Q to Kt 2 B to B 6 ! 

S9 Et to K 2 R to B 3 | 

Black takes the game into hia own hands firom this point and 
further comment is unnecessary. (See diagram.) 

31 Kl lo K B « 

R to Q Kt «i 

40 B to Q 2 

PtoK 6 

32 K to Q 2 


41 B to B sq 

Q to KIT 

33 P to Q RSI 

PtoKB 5 

42 K to B 3 

Kto« 2 

34 K to K R aq 


43 R to R 7 oh 


36 q R to K .0 

P tk« P oh 

44 R to B 6 ch 

KtoB 4 



45 B tks P 


37 Q tk. R 0) 


46 B to B sq oh 

BtoB 6 

38 Kt tks B 

B to B 6 oh 

And White resiRns. , 

39 K to B 2 

Ptks Kt 


Upon the whole the game is a fine specimen of modem Chess 
and Mr. Steinitz's play ia of the highest order, peculiarly round, 
hold, and strategic. Although assigned the second or defensive 
side of the opening, he assumed the aggressive from the start and 
actually seemed unahle to repress his impetuous desire to attack 
the enemy. Mr. Zukertort's play, on the contrary, was varying 
and not up to his usual vigorous style. 

Notes bt C. E. Kanken. 

(a) A line of defence often adopted hy Harrwitz, Williams, 
and others of the last generation, hut very seldom used now. It 
has the disadvantage of compelling Black to develop his Q B on 
the K's side, and of allowing White to cramp his opponent by 
pressing on the Pawns on the Q's wing presently. 

(b) A good move, enabling his Q B to retire to K 3, if neces- 
sary, and threatening a counter attack by P to K 5. 

(e) White, we think, has extended his Queen's flank a little 
too early ; his Q B will now be shut up, and his K debarred from 
castling, yet he dares not weaken his advanced Pawns by P takes 
P here, 

(d) After this, castling is, of course, out of the question. 

(e) The sacrifice of the Kt for two Pawns and the attack seems 
perfectly sound, and was probably unexpected by Mr. Zukertort. 

(/) Q to K B sq by attacking the B would have gained time, 
and enabled him apparently to bring his E round to the Q's side 
out of danger. 

(g) Under White's circumstances this looks very dangerous, 
as opening the Et's ^e to the enemy's Book, and depriving him- 
seK of needful shelter for his King. 

(h) With the subtle object of preventing the W Q from going 
to B 4 when attacked by the Book, and thus, by compelling her to 
go to Kt 2, enabling Black to play his B to B 6. 

(i) Q to B 3 looks more powerful than it really is, for the 
answer would be Kt to B 2, and though Black could then regain 
his lost piece by B to B 6, he would only come out with a Pawn 

(J) For if Q to Kt sq, then of course Q to B 6. White's play 
in this game has been characterised by a nervous timidity, while 
that of his opponent has been bold and excellent throughout. 
From this point it is needless to remark that he has it all his own 



(From The Eoemng Telegram, New York, Thorsday, Jan. U, 1886.) 

Second Gamb. 

A larger gathering of excited spectators greeted the Chess 
champions than on the previous day. In fact it was very evident 
at the evening session that the hall was not large enough to 
accommodate the crowds of Chessers who have been swarming to 
the city to witness the ease with which Steinitz would dethrone 
the European champion. 

Steinitz is a naturalised citizen who has already cast his first 
ballot in the glorious country in which, he says in his magazine, 
he " would rather die than live anywhere else.'' It is but natural, 
therefore, that the sympathy of the players on this side should 
have already assumed an international character irrespective of 
the relative strength of the players. 

Steinitz won the first battle in gallant style, playing a most 
aggressive game from the very start, whereas his opponent gave no 
evidenoe of his wonderful skill, but was, in the estimation of lead- 
ing players, actually outplayed at every point. Those who were 
familiar with his strong points knew that be was not himself yet, 
and that it might take a game or two to bring him into good form, 
and his bright look and determined manner yesterday gave evidence 
of a great surprise in store for those who predicted that Steinitz 
would have an easy victory. 

Many distinguished players were present from Boston, Phila- 
delphia, Chicago, St. Louis, New Orleans, and even San Francisco, 
whereas all of the New York and Brooklyn Clubs were present 
en mcuae to witness the second game. Steinitz had the move and 
boldly advanced his King's Pawn, Zukertort making the same 
reply, evincing a boldness on the part of both players which is 
somewhat uncommon, as we very rarely see a great match game 
nowadays where both players have the courage to play P to K 4. 

There was quite an excitement created by the rumour that 
Steinitz would risk the fatnous gambit which bears his name, about 
the soundness of which there has been so much adverse criticism, 
but the hope was quickly dispelled by Mr. Steinitz introducing the 
Scotch gambit, the closest and safest of all cautious openings, a 
game which Paul Morphy used to say that the player who essayed 
it was bidding for a draw. 

It is an opening with which Mr. Zukertort is particularly 
familiar, and he played with promptness and decision, and won it 
in a masterly style. Mr. Steinitz played slowly, and at the very 
critical point of the game was liable to forfeiture by the time limit, 
and was compelled to move quickly when he should have made 
deep calculations. 



The following are the moves of the game : — 

(Scotch Gambit) 


(Mr. Steinitz.) (Mr. Zukertort.) 
lPtoK4 PtoK4 

2 Kt to K B 3 Kt to Q B 3 


(Mr. Steinitz.) (Mr. Zukertort) 
3 P to Q 4 P tks P 

4Kttk8P KttoKB3(a) 

A favourite defence of Dr. Zukertort, which he introduced in 
several of his match games with Blackbume, the orthodox defence 
being B to B 4. 

5EttoQB3(5) BtoQEt5 

6 Kt tks Kt Kt P tks Kt 

7BtoQ3 PtoQ4 

8 P tks P P tks P 

9 Castles Castles 

10 B to K Kt 5 P to Q B 3 

11 KttoK 2(e) BtoQ3 

12 Kt to Kt 3 P to K R 3 
13BtoQ2(c2) KttoKt5 
14 B to K 2 (6) Q to KB 5 

Compelling White to exchange his Bishop for the Knight. 

15 B tks Kt B tks B 

16 Q to Q B sq B to K 7 

17 R to K sq 

18 B to B 3 

B to Q B 3 

The game seems to have been slightly in Black's favour. The 
Queen is well posted and cannot be readily dislodged. A Bishop 
is preferable to a Knight in these long range tactics, and no one is 
better awalre of the fact than Dr. Zukertort. White seems 
compelled to force the fight to prevent Black from getting these 
powerful pieces in line. His last move is very attacking, threaten- 
ing, as it does, to capture the Pawn with Bishop, and win the 
Queen if King retakes. It would be unwise to play P to Q 5, as 
White could reply with R to K 4. Black boldly advances the 
Pawn, although it gives White an opportunity to bring his Rook 
into action, an advantage of which he at once avails himself. 

PtoKB4(/) 22RtksB R tks R 

Q R to Q sq 23 B to Kt 4 Q to B 3 
P to Q 5 {jg) 24 R to Q sq 

19 R to K 6 

20 Q to Q 2 

21BtoR5 RtoQ2 

White is in no hurry to recover the exchange, but brings 
another piece into the field by threatening to win a Pawn. 

27 Kt to B 4 

28 P to K R 4 

RtoK 4 

RtoQ 4 

25 B tks R Q tks B 

26 Kt to R 5 (^) Q to K sq 

On some occasions Mr. Steinitz does advocate the advance of 
" the wing Pawns," especially as in the present instance, when he 
not only checks the dangerous advance of P to Kt 4, but makes an 
outlet for his own King and gains time for a further advance of 
the Pawn, as Black must defend the threatened Queen's Pawn. 


29 P to R 6 R to K 6 (^) 

30 P to Q B 3 (j) Q to Kt sq 

31PtoK:Kt3 QtoK4 

32 Kt to K Kt 6 Q to Q 3 

33 Kt to B 4 P to Q 6 {k) 



A very cunning move, tempting White to take the Pawn and 
thereby win a piece. White could hardly have foreseen how 
powerful this passed Pawn would become. 

34 P to Q Kt 3 P to B 5 

White had better have broken up Black's Pawns at once by 
taking P with P. 

35 R to Et sq 

36 E to R 2 ! 

37 K to Kt sq 

EtoR 2 
Q to Q Kt 3 
B to Kt 2 

38 R to Et 2 Q to Q B 3 

39 P to K B 3 Q to B 4 ch (/) 

40 Q to K B 2 

If White played K to R 2 Black wins the Queen or forces a 
mate by R to K 7 ch ! 

The following diagram shows the position : — 

Black (Mb. Zukertobt.) 


^^ p»'^ 

White (Mr. Steinitz.) 

R to K 8 ch 

41 K to R 2 Q tks Q ch 

42 R tks Q B tks P {m) 
43PtoKKt4(n)BtoK 7 

44 Kt to Kt 2 P to Q 7 

45 Kt to K 3 P tks Q Kt P 

46 R P tks P B tks Kt P 
And Mr. Steinitz resigns. 

Notes by C. E. Eaneen. 

(a) Mr. Zukertort's favourite defence to the Scotch opening. 

(5) We prefer Kt takes Kt and B to Q 3 at once. 

(c) There is something to be said for Q to B 3 here. 

(dt) He ought certainly to have taken the Kt rather than lose 
time and position by this retreat. 

(e) Of course, if P to K R 3, Black takes the K B P. 

(/) Black's last two moves were very well played, and he has 
now an undoubted superiority. 



(g) White evidently overlooked this fine continuation in 
making his 19th move. He should have played at that point 
Q to Q 2, which would have made all the difference. 

(h) If P to K B 4 now. Black's reply would have been Q to 
B 4, compelling the K to go to R sq, and the W Kt would then 
have no scope for action. 

(i) Threatening to win a Pawn by Q to Et sq. If White 
answered with P to K Kt 3, Black would get a dangerous attack 
by Q to B 3 and B to Kt 2. 

{j ) P to Q Kt 3 seems preferable. 

(k) Good enough, since the Pawn cannot be taken, e.g. 
34 Kt takes P, B takes Kt, 35 Q takes B, R to K 8 ch, &o. ; 
nevertheless we believe Q to Q B 3, menacing B to Kt 2, was still 

(I) A very interesting position (see diagram) ; if now 40 K to 
B sq or Kt 2, Black continues with R to K 6 ; and if 40 K to R 2, 
then R to K 7 ch, 41 Kt takes R, Q to B 7 ch, 42 K to R 3, Q to 
B d ch, 43 K to R 2, Q takes P, and mates immediately. 

(m) Prettily played ; in this game Mr. Zukertort seems quite 
to have recovered his old form. 

(n) If 41 Kt to Kt 2, then still B to K 7, 42 Kt takes R, 
P to Q 7, and wins. 


Third Game. 
(Queen's Gambit declined.) 


(Mr. Zukertort.) 

1 P to Q 4 

2 P to Q B 4 

3 P to K 3 

4 P to Q R 3 

5 P to Q B 6 (a) 

6 Q to Q Kt 3 

7 Q Kt to B 3 

8 Kt to R 4 (b) 

9 Kt to K 2 

10 Kt to Kt 3 (c) 

11 B to Q 2 

12 B to K 2 (d) 

13 Castles K R 

14 P tks P 

15 Kt tks Kt 

16 Q to B 3 


(Mr. Steinitz.) 
P toQ4 
P to Q B 3 
BtoB 4 
P to Q R 4 
Q to Q B 2 
Kt to Q 2 
K Kt to B 3 
Bto K2 
B to Kt 3 

P to Q Kt 3 
Kt tks P 
R tks Kt 
Q to Kt 2 


(Mr, Zukertort) 
17 R to R 2 
19 B to R 4 
20Q toBsq 

21 B to B 3 

22 P to B 3 (/) 

23 P to B 4 

24 R to K sq 
26 P to R 4 

26 B to Q sq 

27 Q to Q 2 (h) 

28 Q to K B 2 

29 B to B 3 

30 B tks Kt 

31 Kt to R sq 

32 P to Kt 3 


(Mr. Steinitz.) 
Kt to Q 2 
P to Q B 4 (e) 
P to B 5 (1) 
Kt to B 3 
BtoQ 3 
Q to Kt sq 
BtoQ 6 
P to R 4 (g) 
Q to Q sq 
PtoKt 3 
K R to Kt sq 
BtoK 2 
Kt to K 5 
P tksB 
BtoK 2 


33QtoQ2 QtoQ4 

34 Kt to B 2 P to Q R 5 

35 E to Kt 2 R to Kt 6 (t) 

36 R to K R sq K to Kt 2 

37 Q R to R sq B to Q sq (y) 
38PtoKKt4(!) PtksP 

39 Kt tks P B to R 4 (Jc) 

40RtoR7ch! KtoBsq 

41 R to R 8 oh K to Kt 2 

42 R to R 7 eh K to B sq 

43 Q to K B 2 B to Q sq 

44 Kt to K 6 K to Kt sq (/) 
45QRtoKRsq B to B 3 

46 R tks P R to Q B sq 

47 R tks B and wins. 

Notes bt C. £* Rahkek. 

(a) In the preyious game at this opening Mr. Znkertort pushed 
on the P to B 5 after Black had brought his B to Q 3, and so only 
drove it to B 2. He now boldly advances the Pawn to prevent the 
B coming to Q 3. 

(b) The object, of course, being, as at move 6, to hinder P to 
Q Kt 3. If Black now play R to Kt sq, White replies with B to 

(c) From his experience in the first game of the match, Mr. 
Zukertort refrains from bringing his K Kt to B 3, on account of 
the powerful answer P to K 4. 

(d) It looks at first sight as if White could succeed in prevent- 
ing P to Q Kt 3 presently by R to B sq and Q to B 3, but upon 
examination this will be found not to be the case. 

(e) At this point we prefer Black's game, and had he now 
played P to R 5 before P to B 4, he would appear to maintain 
some advantage. 

(/) The Pawn should go to B 4 direct. 

(g) A very good move, because White is practically obliged to 
follow suit, and then his R P cannot be defended without letting 
in the B Kt. 

(h) After this move the K R P cannot be saved. 

(i) Intending to bring his B round to Q R 4, forcing the 
exchange of Bishops, and then to double his Rooks on the Kt's 
file ; but he had no time for the manoeuvre, which exposes him to 
a fatal attack on the K's side. 

(i) Overlooking or underrating the danger : he should, instead, 
have brought back his K R to Kt sq, to be ready to oppose it at 
K R sq. 

(k) It seems astonishing that a great master like Steinitz 
could perpetrate such a blunder as this, and we can only attribute 
it to overpressure, or some exigency of time-limit, of which at 
present we are ignorant Even now, apparently, he might save 
himself by B to K 2. 

(I) If R to Kt 2, White equally wins by 45 R to R 8 ch, 
K to K 2 (if K to Kt 2, then Q R to K R sq), 46 Q to R 4 ch, 
P to B 3, and White mates in three moves. 




Fourth Gamb. 

(Ruy Lopes.) 


(Mr. Steinitz.) 

IPtoK 4 

2 Kt to K B 3 

3 B to Q Kt 5 

4 Castles (a) 

5 R to K sq (b) 

6 Kt tks P 


(Mr. Zukertori.) 

P to K 4 
Kt to Q B 3 
Kt to K B 3 
Kt tks P 
Kt to Q 3 (c) 
Kt tks Kt 
Bto K2 

7 R tks Kt ch 

8 B to K B sq [d) Castles 
9PtoQ4 BtoB3 

10 R to K sq 

12 Q tks R 

13 B to K B 4 

14 Kt to Q 2 
16 Kt to K 4 

R to K sq (e) 
R takes U 
Kt to K B 4 
P to Q 3 (/) 
Kt to R 5 
Kt to Kt 3 

18 KttoQB5 (^) B to Q B sq 

19 Q to K 3 P to Q Kt 3 

20 Kt to Kt 3 Q to Q 3 


(Mr. Steinitz.) (Mr. Zukertort.) 

21 QtoK8ch(^) KttoBsq 

22 R to K sq B to Kt 2 

23 Q to K 3 Kt to K 3 

24 Q to K B 3 (t) R to Q sq 

25 Q to K B 5 Kt to B sq 

26 B to K B 4 

27 Kt to Q 2 

28 Q to K R 5 

29 Q to K 2 

Q toB3 
P to K Kt 3 
Kt to K 3 

30 B to K Kt 3 Q to Kt 2 (k) 

31 Kt to B 3 P to Q B 4 

32 P tks P P tks P 

33 Kt to K 6 P to B 5 (0 

34 B to Q Kt sq B to Kt 2 

35 R to Q sq B to Q 2 

36 Q to B 3 (m) B to K sq 

37 KttksQBP(n)P tks Kt 

38 R tks R Kt tks R 

39 Q to K 2 Kt to K 3 

And White resigns. 

Notes by C. E. Ranken, 


(a) Some experts, among whom is Mr. Potter, consider P to 
Q 4 slightly stronger here. 

(b) At this point also we rather prefer P to Q 4. 

(c) The only safe retreat for the Kt in this position, for if 
Kt to B 3 or Q B 4, White can continue with P to Q 4. 

(d) Best apparently ; if B to R 4, Black gains time by Kt to 
B 6, followed by Kt to Kt 3, P to Q 4, and P to Q B 4. 

(e) If Kt to K sq or B 4, the reply is P to Q 6. 

(/) P to Q 4 seems preferable, making room for his own 
Kt at Q 3, and preventing the White Kt from going to K 4 

(^) White loses time by this move, as the Kt is shortly 
driyen back to an inferior post where he is out of play. 



(h) The object of this check was, perhaps, to prevent Black 
from playing B to Q 2, and so gaining possession of the King's 
file with his Rook. 

(i) A good move, threatening, of coarse, Q to B 5 and then 
B to K B 4, which Black cannot prevent ; we do not, however, see 
why he should not at once play P to Q B 4, e,q. 24..., P to B 4, 
25 P takes P best (if Q to B 5, then P to B 5), P takes P, 26 Q to 
B 6, Kt to B sq (if P to B 5, 27 Q takes P ch, K to B sq, 28 Kt to 
R 5, B to B sq, 29 B to B 2 or Kt sq &c.), 27 Kt to B sq, or B to 
Kt sq, and Black has a good game. 

(j) As he drives the Queen afterwards with the Kt P, it 
seems better to do so now, following it by Kt to K 3 or B to 
K Kt 2, and keeping his Q B where it is. 

(k) Mr. Zukertort has long been trying to advance his 
Q B P, and this preparatory move is stronger for the purpose 
than Q to Q 2. 

(I) This seems to leave the backward Q P rather weak. 

(m) P to B 4 might be a troublesome move here to Black. 

(n) An extraordinary miscalculation, which costs a piece, and 
the game. 

We hear that Mr. Steinitz was suffering from insomnia, which 
was doubtless the cause of the unusual oversights which he com- 
mitted at this period of the match. 

The position of the game at this point, and just prior to the fatal 

move, was as follows : 

Blaoe (Mr. Zueebtobt.) 

White (Mb. Steinitz.) 



Chess nr Jjowdov. 

The great topic of interest here is of course the match for the 
Championship between Steinitz and Zukertort, and the news 
from New York is eagerly waited for. When the result 
of the fiftih g^me reacked the ears of mj Mend of Purssell's he 
growled out to me, '' Call these fellows Chess-players playing a 
championship match indeed ! Why there hasn't been a drawn 
game yet." It was certainly expected here by those who thought 
they Imew (and that's always a wide circle) that the first g^me 
or two would certainly be dbrawn. However draws so fiEir have 
heen '' conspicuous by their absence " and it is evident that both 
masters have gone in for business. Speaking of the reports in 
the daily papers by the way, what a hash they sometimes make 
of Chess terms. A *'Ruy Lopez King's Knight's G-ambit" 
would be a marvel on a modem Chess-board and yet it has been 
played in the Championship Match if we are to believe some of 
the London dailies. 

The Winter Tournament of the City of Lonpon Chess Clthb 
is rapidly drawing to a dose so far as the sectional play is con- 
cerned, but the play is so dose that the ultimate winners can 
hardly yet be pointed out. Li Section No. 1 Messrs. Hooke 
and Tinsley are leading with Mr. Wainwright a point below 
them. In Section No. 2 Mr. Griffiths is nominally first but Messrs. 
Oope and Down are within touch of him and he has to play the 
latter. In Section No. 3 Messrs. Wilson and Woon tie, whilst 
Mr. Stiebel Is only a point to the rear. In Section No. 10 Mr. 
Manuel has won with a score of 8 out of a possible 9. In the 
other Sections ties are pretty much the order of the day and I 
therefore wait further results. This dose race home speaks very 
well for the care shown in the classification of the various 
players. A proposed return match with the Sussex Coimty 
Association which was intended to have been played at Brighton 
on the 16th January was resigned by the City Club as the 
Secretary, at the last moment, could not get a full team 

I am glad to say that the British Chess Club is making 
satisfactory progress and is likely to be a success. London is 
certainly big enough to support such a dub and with proper 
management I see no reason why prosperity may not smile upon 

A little Tournament is in progress at Purssell's rooms which 
IB attracting some attention. Amongst the players are Messrs. 


Bird, Fenton, Guest, Gunsberg, Hooke, and Pollock. All these 
are strong players and some good games are likely to ensue. X 
am glad to see Mr. Fenton's name amongst them as I was afraid 
he had almost deserted Chess. 

A very interesting match took place in the rooms of the City 
Club on Saturday the 9th January between 20 members of the 
Surrey County Chess Association and a like number of the 
North London Chess Club. The North Londoners put in a 
strong team and a very good fight ensued, but victory went to the 
Association as the Surrey men scored 12 to 8. This is not to be 
wondered at in the least. It is quite true that the North Lon- 
don Club possesses some very strong players but when it brings 
20 into the field its tail begins to get dangerously weak. Now 
the County, though it may fall short in one or two of the top 
boards, yet carries its strength much more evenly and in conse- 
quence its tail must relatively be much stronger than that of its 
opponents. It was a plucky thing of the North Londoners to 
essay what they did, for a local dub to &it down to play the 
picked men of a county must ever be a formidable undertaJdng. 

Fighting ambngst the local lieitropolitaii dubs has been 

going on very steadily this winter and the North London Club 
as been more than holding its own in the fray. I shall give 
some particulars of the result, so far, next month. J. G. 0. 

SxTBBSY Chess. 

The Surrey Club Trophy has been won by the Brixton Chess 
Club for the second time. Four dubs entered, viz. Brixton, 
South Norwood, New Cross, and Bermondsey. Brixton, and 
South Norwood defeated New CroiS and drew with each 
other, but Brixton won 17 games in the three matches and 
South Norwood only 16, Bermondsey defeated New Cross. In 
consequence of the minute difference between the two leading 
clubs. South Norwood has challenged Brixton to a decisive 
match with twenty players a side and the dtfi has been accepted, 
details having to be arranged. 

The Surrey Assodation defeated the North London Chess 
Club by 12 games to 8, twenty players a side, on Saturday, 9th 
January, at the rooms of the City Club, Newgate Street, E.C. 
The teams were exceptionally strong, including Messrs. Jacobs, 
Beardsell, F. F. Gover, Bussey, and Bayliss on the Surrey side, 
and Messrs. Stevens, Hooke, Lamb, Dale, and de Soyres on the 
Northern side, and the North team are to be congratulated on 
their fine stand against a fixst-dass County twenty. L. P. B. 


St. Geobob's Chess Glttb. 

The Handicap began later than usual this year, having been 
postponed on account of the General Election which some leading 
players found too exciting to allow them to play Chess. Entries 
were made about the middle of December, and the handicapping 
committee was the same as on the last occasion of Dr. Zuker- 
torf s absence, consisting of Messrs. Minchin, Salter, and Wayte. 
The following 15 members take part in the Handicap: Class I. A, 
Messrs. Gattie, Minchin, and Wayte ; I. B, Messrs. F. Qoyer, 
Salter, and Warner ; II. A, Messrs. Burroughs, Marett, and 
Gen. Fearse ; IL B, Messrs. Boursot and J. M. Heathcote, jun. ; 
m. A, Mr. Malkin ; III. B., Col. Lumsden ; lY. A, Messrs. 
Dudley and Nedeyano. Mr. Wayte has three games deducted 
from his score, Mr. Malkin has two added, Mr. Warner one. 
The rule to prevent undue delays is the same as last year ; each 
player will have to play his 28 games in 14 weeks, But for the 
convenience of those who wished to take a Christmas holiday, it 
was decided that compulsory play should only be reckoned from 
the first complete week of the New Year, beginning on Monday 
Jan. 4th. This brings the limit within which the Handicap is 
to be concluded to Saturday April 10th, a fortnight before the 
unusually late Easter of this year. W. W. 

Chess in Sootlaitd. 

Sir George Harrison, who was elected as representative in 
Parliament for the Southern Division of Edinburgh, died on 
Wednesday morning, 23rd Dec. 1885, at his residence in White- 
house Terrace, Edinburgh. The Bev. Geo. McArthur kindly 
furnishes us with the following particulars of his Chess career. 
" Sir George was one oi the oldest members of our dub (the 
Edinburgh Chess Club — ^the premier Chess Club of the United 
Eongdom), and on Nov. 30th was elected President for the third 
year in succession. He was a very fair player, but latterly was 
80 engrossed with his business and his public duties that he 
could devote but very little time to the game. The Club had a 
very pleasant Chess evening with him as his guests in December 
1884 ; and the members sent his family a letter of condolence 
on the occasion of his death.'' 

Chess in Ibeland. 

If the General Elections interfered, as reported, with the 
pursuit of Chess in London, how much more did the elections 
and the great political issues raised in Ireland absorb the atten- 
tion of all thoughtful Dubliners. The Christmas holidays even 
did not seem to set them free. They remained bound up in the 


contemplation or moulding of political eyents ; and such of them 
as are Ohess-players found it nard to achieve any stir in the 
favourite pastime. 

The inter-association correspondence match with Sussex 
nevertheless maintained its rate of progress, and received the 
addition of two further combatants on each side, making the 
total number 14 a side. The additions are — 13, Ot. A. Baper 
(Sussex) V. W. McOrum, D. XJ. 0. (Ireland), and 14, G-. Cote 
(Sussex) V. MofEat Wilson, Dub. 0. 0. (Ireland). No game has 
been finished yet, though in some instances the 40th move has 
been reached. 

In the combined champion and handicap tourney of the 
Dublin Chess Club eighteen members entered:— Messrs. J. B. 
Pim, H. V. White, Moffat Wilson, M S. WooUett, W. H. S. 
Monck, and E. T. Qeraghty (first class), Messrs. W. H. Baker, 
P. Dunscombe, C. Drury, Rev. D. D. Jeremy, Rev. M. Maxwell, 
A. E. Joynt, E. Bead, D. Cudmore, Major H. Shaw, E. Byan, 
Eev. S. Simpson, and St. J. B. Douglas (odds-receivers). The 
first-class players play even with each other, and give games 
(var3ring in number from 3 to 16) to the odds-receivers ; who, 
according to their handicaps, receive or give games amongst 
each other, likewise varying in number. Each player has to 
play two games with every other. The member who wins most 
games will be Club champion and secure prize, £4 4s. Od., with 
champion badge : the member who, counting odds received, 
scores the greatest number wiU take handicap prize £3 3s. Od. 
Mr. Dunscombe with 1 1 games won looks well for the handicap ; 
so also does Mr. Baker who steurted level with him. Mr. Pim 
has not played any games ; Mr. Geraghty seems to have fallen 
off in play; therefore the championship seems to lie between 
Messrs. Woollett, Wilson, Monck, and White, of whom the last 
may not be the least likely. 

The Dublin University Chess Club met for the first time 
since the holidays on the 15th January, when the ties for Spring 
tourney were drawn. Mr. Dickie, the hon. sec, with the assist- 
ance of his able confrere Mr. J. C. Newsome, will work hard to 
fill up the number of entries to the full club strength of 64. 

The Dublin handicap now being organised by the St. 
Patrick^s Chess Club, promises to be comprehensive and inter- 
esting in a high degree. The carefully devised methods of 
handicapping intended to be adopted embrace the odds of 
'* games added," *' piece restored," " replies foretold," " differ- 
ence in time-limit," '* blindfold play," and the ordinary odds. 
Being open to non-members as well as to members, and having 
the attraction of valuable and handsome prizes, the tourney is 
expected to reach considerable dimensions. E. A. B. ^ 



Amsbioa. — Mr. Zukertort arrived at New York on December 
18th, but owing to some delay in the transmission of his stakes 
the great match did not begin till January 11th. The first 
game, a Queen's Gambit offered by Mr. Zukertort and declined 
by Mr. Steinitz, resulted in favour of the latter. In the second 
Mr. Steinitz having to begin selected the Scotch Opening, but 
was obliged to succumb after a stubborn fight of 46 moves. 
The third, fourth, and fifth games (Queen's Pawn Openings 
and Euy Lopez) were likewise scored by Mr. Zukertort, who 
therefore has won four games. In accordance with the rules, 
the first section of the match is now at an end, and the field of 
battle is to be transferred to St. Louis on the Mississipi, where 
there is a flourishing Chess club which wiU receive and accommo- 
date the two combatants. At that place the fight will be 
continued until jeither party has obtained a total score of seven, 
and the remainder of the match wiU then be played at New 
Orleans. This triangular duel arrangement will afford an 
opportunity to different portions of the United States to patronise 
and witness the match, but we cannot help being struck by a 
ludicrous resemblance in it to the Balak policy of shifting the 
scene in order that he might succeed iu one place if he could 
not in another. The sixth game was played at St. Louis, 
Feb. 3rd. Mr. Steinitz, who had the first move, opened with 
the Euy Lopez. Mr. Zukertort resigned at the 61st move, after 
a contest lasting five hours and and a half. 

In connection with this subject we have received from New 
York a four-paged brochure, published under the auspices of the 
Manhattan Club, containing an advertisement of the match 
itself, together with a resume of tlte previous achievements in 
the Chess world of the two great players, the names of the 
winners in the five American Chess Congresses, Chess reminis- 
cences of Morphy, and various items of Chess history which 
cannot fail to be instructive to tyros and interesting also to 
old proficients in the royal game. 

The Hartford Tunes announces that Mr. Lee, a student from 
China, has won the first round of the tourney of the Yale College 
Chess Club. Two medals constitute the prizes. This club is 
engaged in correspondence matches with the Princetown and 
Columbia College Clubs. 

Thirty-three competitors entered for the various tourneys of 
the New York and North Pennsylvania Chess Association, which 
took place at Albany, on January 4th, 5th, 6th and 7 th. We 
will give the result next month. 



The first meeting of the receiftly constituted Indiana State 
Chess Association was held at Indianopolis on December 29th. 
There were to be two tourneys, and the meeting was to last 
two days. 

The first tournament at Trabue (Florida) took place on 
December 14th, under a lime tree in full blossom. Mr. C. 
Nesbitt gained the first prize (a blue medal), and Mr. H. Trabue 
the second, consisting of a red one. As soon as the cocoa-nut 
and pine-apple crops come to maturity, the prizes will be of 
much greater value, and will no doubt attract a large number of 
competitors. It is, however, a far cry from New York or any of 
the Northern States to Florida. 

The Oermantown (Pennsylvania) and Wilmington (Delaware) 
Chess Clubs have lately met twice in friendly confiict on the 
neutral ground of the Philadelphia C. C, the result being that 
each club has won one match with the identical score of 2 ^ to 1^. 

Two new American columns have begun with the New Year 
— a weekly and a monthly. The weekly hails from Flatbush, 
and appears in the King^s County Gazette. It opens with a very 
practical and commonsense adcbess, followed by the game lost 
by Zukertort to Steinitz in the 1883 London Tourney. The first 
problem is a neat two-mover by F. B. Phelps, which we re- 
produce. White— K at K Kt 7, Q at K Kt 2, Bs at K E 6 and 
K B 7, Kt at Q B 6, P at Q Kt 2. Black— K at Q 6, E at 
Q E 5, Kt at K Kt 3, Ps at K 6 and Q 5. 

The monthly column is an important feature in a new Il- 
lustrated Magazine entitled ^' The Wanderer,'' published at 
Milwaukee, price $1 a year, and devoted to the interests of the 
travelling public. The Chess contents are so thoroughly good 
in every way that we recommend our readers to write for a 
copy which is promised free by post to all applicants. Address : 
Chess Editor, P. 0. Box 332, Milwaukee, Wis., U. S. A. The 
first number contains an amusing wood-cut of Steinitz and 
Zukertort across the board, Loyd looking on. 

Fbanoe. — Eighty competitors have entered for the great 
annual handicap tourney of the Caf(6 de la E6gence. They are 
divided into five classes, and the first prize, as in previous years, 
will consist of 100 francs presented by the owners of the Caf6. 

At the Cercle des Echoes 27 amateurs are taking part in the 
annual handicap. Each has to play two games with every other, 
and the prizes, consisting of works of art, will be given by the 

Austria. —We regret to annoimce the death of Herr Falk- 
beer, which took place at Vienna on Dec. 14th, 1885. He was 
bom at Brunn in Moravia in 1819, and had removed to Vienna 
some time previously to 1855, for in that year we find him con- 


ducting a Chess periodical there, the Wiener Sehachzeitung, which, 
however, only lived a few months. In 1862 Herr Falkbeer took 
part in the handicap tourney of the British Chess Association in 
London, and he afterwards continued for some years to reside in 
this country, engaging in games and matches with some of the 
chief English players of that time. On returning to Vienna ho 
employed his great theoretical knowledge of the game by contri- 
buting to Chess magazines, one of his best articles being an 
obituary of Anderssen written for the Strategie in 1 879. During 
the last years of his life he edited with great ability the Chess 
column of the Neue Illustrirte Zeitung. 


In order to place the Steinitz-Zukertort match games before 
our readers at the earliest possible moment we have had to omit 
the monthly instalment of End-games, Solutions of Problems and 
End-games, and various other items. 

We send out this number to all old subscribers. "We trust 
its arrival will quicken the conscience of those who have not yet 
remitted for 1886. 

On January 15th Mr. Eanken encountered ten members of 
the Southampton Club in simultaneous play (one of them in two 
successive games), the result being that he won 6, lost 3, and 
drew 2. Cn the previous day he contended similarly with some 
members of the Bournemouth dub, winning all the games. 

Hriiii. — In addition to the Church Institute Club, two flourish- 
ing Chess Associations have recently sprung up in this town 
in the St. Augustine's and United Liberal Clubs, which in the 
last few weeks have twice tried their respective strengths, the 
Churchmen proving victorious in each case after a close struggle. 
A Handicap Tourney with about 30 competitors is now in 
progress at the Liberal Club. 

A match was played at Hull Jan. 30th between the Hull 
United Liberal Club and the Grimsby Club.* Kesult —Hull, 8 ; 
Grimsby, 7; drawn, 1. 

The first meeting of the newly organised Yorkshire County 
Chess Club was held at Bradford on Saturday, January 23rd. 
The arrangements were modelled on the lines of the old West 
Yorkshire Chess Association, and scarcely anyone was present 
outside the clubs forming that Society. This is exactly what we 
expected, and is another argument for the amalgamation of the 


two "firms" at an early period. We predict that the Hud- 
dersfield meeting of the W. Y. will be its last. It has done 
good work in its day and the two ought now to combine in one 
strong organisation. As none of the yarious tourneys were 
finished on the day of meeting we defer a longer notice till 
March, as the Steinitz and Zukertort games, coming in at the 
last moment, leave us little space at command. Meantime our 
readers will find detailed reports in the excellent Chess columns 
of the Bradford Observer or Leeds Mercury, 


By H. J. C. Andrews. 

With respect to the statement quoted from the Schachzeitung 
in our last, relative to Herr Meyer's prize problem. No. XXIX. 
B. C. M. Challenge Tourney being " a correct version of a faulty 
problem previously contributed to the Nuremberg Tourney of 
1883," we note the following circumstances : 1st, Although a 
five-mover by Herr Meyer is mentioned in the Nuremberg Tourney 
book it is not printed there in any form, 2nd, Herr Meyer 
denies that XXIX. is " a corrected version " of his Nuremberg five- 
mover, or that " the latter was faulty," although he believes the 
judge rejected it because the possibility of the position could only 
be proved by supposing Pawn promotion. In order to arrive at 
the exact facts we have written to Germany for further inform- 
ation, but in any case we think XXIX. was a valid entry, being 
original in the all important sense of non-publication prior to its 
appearance in the B. C. M.* 

We have received a copy of "C.W. of Sunbury's " Collection of 
Problems. The book contains upwards of 100 stratagems com- 
posed during the last 30 years, and copies may be obtained from 
the Editor of this magazine at 2/6 post free. This volume reaches 
us too late for more detailed notice in the present number, but we 
hope to review it at an early opportunity. Meanwhile those who 
like what is bright and sparkling in problem strategy cannot do 
better than invest in a copy of this veteran author's work. 

We here present another pair of two-movers, new style, " with 
a preface." One is Mr. Laws' maiden effort in this line. The 
companion problem was lately composed without any intention of 

* Since writing the above, advices have arrived from Germany, 
fully endorsing this conclusion. 


transforming the Black King into ui " Invisible Prince 1 " Finding 

since, however, that H. U.'s temporary absence produoes no 
strategical disasters unforeseen in the original plan of campaign, 
he has been relegated to the box. We do not think the accidontftl 
eclipse much enh&nces difficulty, but, as problems of this kind are 
oODSidered hard to control as regards " cooks," even when set 
about with malice prepense, a chance medley specimen may be 
reckoned somewhat of a curiosity. 

Br B. G. Lawi. By H. J. C. Ansbkws. 

Pot on Block Eiog, then White mutes in 

Chess Problems sr J. A. Miles, coufobed 1882 to 1885. — 
The great and increased prevalence of self-mates at the present 
time is as easily esplicaUe as their former unpopularity. Col- 
lections by the best authors in this country have always been 
dther totally or almost devoid of specimens. And why % An at- 
tempt was made to answer this question in the preface to Healey'a 
Problems in 1866. In addition to their being stigmatized as "more 
artificial, more unnatural, less practical and less instructive " than 
direct mates, snis are there stated, on the authority of the late Herr 
Lowenthal, " to have gone out of fashion," the inference being that 
"the fanciful modes of play which they illustrate have fallen into 
desuetude." We commend this last sentence to the attention of 
purists, who ignorantly insist that suicidal play is not Chess. In 
reality it is an antique form of play which although now out of 
foshion has never been entirely given up, especially in France, and 


which may with perfect propriety be revived by odds-givera and 
othera in search of variety. It is, in fact, quite legitimate either 
in games or problems. We remember partially dissenting in 1866 
from the reasons just quoted on two grounds, 1st, Self-mates up 
to that period had never been fashionable in England. 2iid, 
they were then deservedly contemned because still retaining the 
obsolete and stereotyped forms — all aggressive aud sacrificial — 
which Healey, Grimshaw, J. B. of Bridport and others have been 
BO instrumental in banishing from direct mates of native maaufao- 

Bt J. PLAOH0TTA. (Ko. 605, Iltutfnrte Zeitmig of Leipeic.) 


White to play and force self-mate in four moves. 
N.B. This problem is about 30 yeara old. 

In Germany, prior even to the appearance of Max Lange'a 
Sandbttck (1862), certain composers bad turned their attention 
to the development of more strategic principles in self-mates, and 
Joseph Plachutta was, we believe, the first who published one with 
a £ree Black Queen, now a frequent feature. But the dislike or 


indifference of leading British authors no douht had a yery 
deterrent effect on the future of self-mates in this country. The 
vhirligig of time has, however, worked a complete revolution 
within a decade and some of the staunchest opponents of sui-mates 
in former years have heen forced to own that, as now made, 
they may he and often are as strategically fine, " practical and 
instructiTe " as the best direct problems, of the period. The 
beautiful play now often interwoven in suis by quiet moves 
allowing extraordinary freedom to the defence, is in many cases 
enhanced by skilful attempts to conceal the mating position. In 
some of the best specimens lately brought to our notice, the spot 
whereon the White K is to succumb seems distinctly foreshadowed, 
bat in reality his fate awaits him elsewhere, the result being a 
perfect surprise to the solver. There are probably further de- 
Telopments in store. Foremost among such changes we venture 
to predict the decrease of long-winded examples and a gradual, if 
slow, approach to the maximum in vogue as regards direct mates — 
two to five moves. 

The foregoing remarks have naturally arisen from the appear- 
ance of a little book, containing 36 problems, all composed by Mr. 
Miles within the last three years. Five of these only are direct 
mates. The author is himself one of the most prominent converts 
to what some good but misguided folks still deem the heresy of 
the suicidal system. His former books, indeed, are but sparsely 
so illustrated, the last edition of Chess Oems being a prominent 
example for, out of nearly 740 problems, less than 20 are suis. 
We have no doubt, however, that a very different proportion 
would be presented were a third edition now called for. Mr. 
Miles's Chess career has been very long and active, and problemists 
owe him many thanks for his untiring efforts in the past. That, 
after all this, our friend should be able to surpass himself, in quite 
a different style of composition, is surprising indeed ! We recall 
no parallel case of the kind. 

The contents of this little volume have been distributed over 
various periodicals and are probably familiar to some of our 
readers who take an interest in self-mates. 

The price is only Is. post free, and the work is paged and 
numbered so as to form a continuation to the author's " Poems 
and Problems," with which it is intended to bind up. 

It is also the first work sui generis. On this account, as well as 
the talent and ingenuity shown in many of these compositions, we 
cordially commend Mr. Miles's latest venture to the attention of 
the problem world. Two specimens were presented in the Dec. 
No. vol. V. p. 448, both of which have been well tested by compe- 
tent judges and pronounced equally fine and difficult. 



No. 329.— Bt F. HEALEY. No. 330.— Bt C. K TUCKETT. 


Wbltt to pUy and mate in three moves. White to fl&j and mate in three m 

No. 331.— Br J. C. BREMNER. No. 332.— Bt B. G. LAWS. 


White to pUf and mate in four moves. White to pla; utd mate in five moTts. 

The British Chess Magazine 

MARC H, 1886. 


(Concluded from page i5.J 

Mayet and Hanstein were cousins, brought up together and 
warmly attached throughout life ; both able men, yet contrasted 
iQ their physical and intellectual characteristics. Carl Mayet, 
the elder and long the survivor of the two (1810-1868), was of 
French descent ; he was tall and slight with very handsome 
features, muscular and courageous ; and seems to have led a 
singularly happy and successful life. He entered the legal 
profession, and attained judicial rank ; but about 1860, finding 
that he could make a better provision for his family at the bar, 
he resigned his post and ** once more pleaded before the bench 
on which he had sat as a judge." As a Chess-player, with 
many fine qualities he was much given to oversights, and often 
threw away advantages already obtained. He was a good 
analyst, and contributed to the original Handhuch the section on 
the Buy Lopez, an old opening wMch (strange to say) till taken 
in hand by the Berlin school was never thought to yield any 
attack worth speaking of ! Memory, however, was not one of 
his strong points, and his own analysis often escaped him in 
actual play. He took part in the London Tournament of 1851, 
and was thrown out in the first round by Captain Kennedy. It 
may seem presumptuous to differ from Yon der Lasa, who places 
Mayet almost on a level with the foremost Pleiads, and above 
Horwitz. Whatever may have been their relative scores in 
early days, Horwitz had not been standing still during the dozen 
years that had elapsed since he left Berlin, and at his best was, 
we cannot doubt, the stronger player. Mayet certainly shows 
to very little advantage in his published games, perhaps because 
he did not preserve them himself. But there is other evidence. 
We are told on excellent authority that it was said of Mayet in 
Berlin when he was young, ** he wlQ be a great player ; " and 
when he was old, " he has been a great player." His reputation, 
like some others, had a past and a future, but no present. There 
is no record of achievements in public play, in the '' past tense 



of the indicative mood " which Mr. Potter so sturdily prefers to 
'* the great might-have-beens." As it is, we place him not 
among the second-rates but among the weaker first-rates. We 
have before now had occasion to insist that there are Masters 
and Masters. 

With Hanstein we reach a ** bright particular star" in the 
constellation. He was a year younger than Mayet, and the 
cousins as mere youths were already ardent devotees of the 
game when in 1830 they made the tour of Switzerland in the 
company of a pocket chess-board. Wilhelm Hanstein was the 
son of a Lutheran clergyman, and found his vocation in the 
Prussian civil service. He died at the age of thirty-nine, the 
shortest life save one among the Pleiads ; but not, like Bilguer, 
too soon for the development of his powers. Considerable 
pathos is thrown into the accounts of him by his admiring Mends 
in the Schachzeitung for 1850 ; verse as well as prose is brought 
into requisition ; and the whole ends with an ** apotheosis." He 
was small in person, with a fine intellectual head but a feeble 
frame ; and his whole life was a struggle against narrow means 
and ill health, sustained by the devotion of his friends who loved 
him for his bnlliant gifts and attractive character. His official 
duties were laborious and exacting, and he had to be at the 
beck and caU of a minister who showed some want of considera- 
tion. Tet he found time for the study of English, French, and 
Italian literature ; for the cultivation of his poetic talent, of 
which we printed a charming specimen in the December num- 
ber ; for the pleasures of music and society ; for an extensive 
correspondence and the joint editing of the Schachzeitung after 
Bledow's death. Of a number of pieces translated by him from 
Longfellow, one of his favourite authors, '*The Twilight" is 
the only one published. To our mind it shows a power of 
rendering the simpler English ballad poetry into German of 
equal simplicity, closely yet not baldly, which we had thought 
pecxdiar to Freiligrath among recent German poets. As a Chess- 
player Hanstein appears to have possessed every great quality : 
his style of play we are told vas *'slow and quiet"; and he 
showed himself a typical member of the Berlin school which 
produced the Handbuch. With originality fortified but not 
overlaid by learning ; with memory and observation for his own 
mistakes and those of others ; with a preference for attacking 
openings and at the same time readiness to allow his opponent 
to choose the opening and patience in a difficult defence — he 
was just the man to enlarge the bounds of Chess theory by solid 
and lasting acquisitions. Novelties which a solitary worker like 
Jaenisch poured forth, profusely indeed but in a somewhat crude 
form, when tested by Hanstein and his associates in practical 


play had the nonsense knocked out of them and thus in the end 
became '' classical." In Hanstein the union of genius with 
sound judgment was complete. 

The yoimgest of the Pleiads were the two whose names are 
most closely associated with the Handhuch. Paul Budolph von 
Bilguer, its projector and principal author (though comparatively 
little of his work remains in the last edition) was born in 1815, 
and died before completing his twenty-fifth year. His friends 
and coadjutors testified £h.eir regard by giving him the sole 
credit of the great work: the title-page for some time ran 
'' edited by Yon der Lasa," but in later editions the name of 
Bilguer stands alone in its glory. He chose for his own especial 
province the Two Knights' Def ence, and published an exhaustive 
monograph of fully 200 variations upon it (Das Zweispringerspiel 
im NachziKje u, e. w.) The results are condensed in the Hand' 
huchy and this chapter remains almost unaltered when nearly 
every other opening has been revolutionised. In Schachz. 1855 
p. 13 Yon der Lasa declares that he has known no one more 
highly or variously gifted for Chess than his departed friend. 
He excelled alike in practical play (including the blindfold 
game), book knowledge and original analysis. In this short 
life there was, it must be confessed, more promise than perform- 
ance : none of Bilguer' s published games appear to us quite to 
come up to the highest standard ; and, setting aside the 
phenomenal Morphy, we cannot but remember the great suc- 
cesses of Yon der Lasa himself, of Buckle, Harrwitz, Blackbume, 
De Yere and Wisker at an equally early age. BUguer came of 
a noble family, as the " von " shows, originally of Coire, 
Switzerland : his great-grandfather migrated to North Germany 
and was an army surgeon in the Seven Years' War. His father 
was a colonel, and Bilguer like Horwitz was a Mecklenburger 
by birth. He early showed talent, especially for mathematics, 
and would have chosen the law as his profession ; but for family 
reasons he entered the army and became a lieutenant at eighteen. 
He was studying at the military college as a commissioned 
officer when, in 1837, he formed the acquaintance and soon the 
intimate friendship of Yon der Lasa : he had then already 
acquired considerable proficiency at Chess. His other recrea- 
tions were music, a taste often found among Chess-players^ and 
literature ; and he contributed many reviews to the periodicals 
of the day. For several years he had suffered from lung disease, 
which ultimately carried him off ; about a year and a half before 
he died he had to retire from the army invalided; and his 
sufferings at the close were very great, but most patiently borne. 
In Arthur Marriott, who died at the same age and of the same 
oomplainty we have perhaps lost an English Bilguer. 


Of the one still living member of this brilliant band con- 
siderations of good taste oblige us to speak with some reserve. 
Baron von Heydebrand und der Lasa, having long been a 
figure in the political and diplomatic world, has never sought to 
thrust his Chess personality into prominence or to furnish auto- 
biographical details. He has merely authorised his successor in 
the Editorship of the Handhueh to publish the date of his birth, 
Oct. 17, 1818. Since he entered the diplomatic service in 1845, 
the Baron has seldom been resident at any of the great Chess 
centres ; and his career as a match-playing Master may be said 
to have then terminated. He played, it is true, a series of 
games with Staunton at Brussels in 1853, and won a majority : 
but Staimton himself had then been for a year or two en retraite 
as a past rather than an actual Master, and the games in 
question were played without a stake and not considered a 
match. We have always understood that the primacy of the 
Pleiads was regarded as shared equally between Hanstein and 
Von der Lasa, the claims of the two never having been tested 
by a set match. But we must allow ourselves the pleasure of 
quoting a remark of George Walker's from the preface to his 
Chess Studies : ** Der Lasa ranks as the finest player of Germany, 
his game uniting the brilliant and the solid in the just propor- 
tions requisite to constitute real excellence." When these words 
were written, in 1844, by one who had every means of judging 
from the published games of the period and who was moreover 
an excellent and (at least where foreigners were concerned) an 
impartial critic, the object of them had not completed his 
twenty-sixth year. He retired almost immediately afterwards 
having not yet reached the prime of life but being still young 
enough to improve if his vocation had allowed him the opportu- 
nity of first-rate practice. With the exception of Morphy, we 
do not know of any Chess career more remarkable than this. 
As is well known, Yon der Lasa continued to superintend the 
Handhueh down to the fifth edition, 1874, maintaining his 
position against young and able rivals as the first theorist of 
the day. 

Those who have followed us thus far will be prepared for 
the grouping of the Pleiads according to strength, on which we 
now venture. At the head stand Von der Lasa and Hanstein 
the only two, as we think, who would now be reckoned to belong 
to the inner circle of the world's great players. Next to these 
we place Horwitz, taking him at his best and not as he was in 
his Berlin days, Bledow, and Bilguer as regards actual per- 
formance. We are willing to believe, on the authority of his 
friends, that this last youthful genius had the capacity for rising 
to the highest rank of all if he had lived longer and been blessed 


with stronger health : but we must distinguish between the 
actual and the potential. A step below these comes Mayet, and 
Schem brings up the rear. May the last suryivor of the Pleiads 
long continue above the horizon, 

** Fair as a star when only one 
Is shining in the sky." 
[LiTEBATUBB. Berliner Schaclierinnerungen, by Von der Lasa, 
prefixed to his edition of Greco and Lucena, 1859. Life of 
Bilguer in Preface to Handhuch (omitted in the last edition). 
Obituary Notices of Bledow, 8chachz. 1846 (extracts translated 
in Q, P. (7. same year) ; of Hanstein and Schorn, Schachz. 1850 
(these three by Kossak) ; of Bilguer, by Lehfeldt, Schachz, 1852 ; 
of Mayet, by Von der Lasa, Schachz, 1868.] W. W. 



A Treatise on Chess Problems by Will H. Lyons, 

Newport, Kentucky. 

The author of this bright and inviting looking volume is, we 
fancy, but little known on this side of the Atlantic. Piobably 
nine out of ten English readers, if casually taking up the book, 
would inquire, who is Mr. Lyons and what are the achievements 
justifying his appearance as an instructor in the art of Problem 
Composition ? The answer is, Mr. Will H. Lyons is a problem 
composer of repute in his own country, is a Chess editor of 
The Southern Trade Gazette^ and his portrait figures prominently 
and agreeably in the capital pictorial group of Chess editors 
lately issued by Mr. Peterson of Milwaukee. 

As to the author's qualifications for venturing upon such 
very debatable ground, we quote the opening sentence of the 

" In offering this little volume to the public, I aim to give 
my views on Problem Construction and Solving, making no 
pretence to speak ' as one having authority,' offering my ideas 
for what they are worth, having no theories which I am not 
ready to abandon if shown to be wrong, willing to accept any- 
one else's theory if shown to be the true one. I offer mine as 
suggestions ; accept or reject them as may please you best. I 
have made some few quotations from Loyd and Bayer, and on 
the subject of duals from Geo. E. Carpenter, whom I consider 
the highest authority in all matters relating to problems." 


The thought naturally arises here, should a writer, con- 
fessedly not one ^^ haying authority," publish what professes to 
he ''a treatise" on any art or science whatsoever? If Mr. 
Lyons' discretion be at all challengeable in this matter, we can 
at any rate cordially admire the courage and enthusiasm that 
haye armed him for the lists. Perhaps the word ** treatise," as 
applied to CJiess Nut BurrSy is somewhat big and therefore 
deceptive. All the observations, original and selected, are 
included in 60 short pages containing, each, about 24 lines, 
on an average. The remaining 112 pages are occupied with 
a selection of 100 two and three-movers from cosmopolitan 
sources. These have been selected, it is stated, " for the purpose 
of illustrating ideas with the least number of pieces," and might 
with advantage we think have been classified under three heads. 
1st. Those ** perfect problems" of which the author tells us, 
wherein — among numerous beauties, without a single speck — 
** all the mates are pure and all the variations good." Such 
gems surely deserved an honourable separation from the com- 
moner herd ! 2nd. Those less perfect, but still highly creditable 
compositions, more readily discovered by an intelligent explorer. 
3rd. The residuum, wherein, what is good is far from new and 
what is new might be better expressed. It is but justice to add 
that a very large proportion of the positions presented appear 
to belong to category No. 2. With respect to Mr. Lyons' con- 
structive and other theories, many points are well and uncontro- 
vertibly put. As a striking specimen of the author's best style, 
let us quote the following definition. 

" Beauty of idea. This is the problem itself. Let it be 
never so difficult, if there is no dash or sparkle in the solution 
it will be remembered only as a tough nut, cracked to find a 
withered kernel. Beauty, while easily recognised, is hard to 
define. It is the soul of the problem. Its presence is felt. It 
is seen and yet defies analysis. It consists usually of a surprise ; 
a sacrifice offered without any apparent compensation ; a position 
taken for which there seems to be no reason, yet vital to the 
solution. The doing of the most unlikely thing in the most 
unlikely manner ; a bold attack which seems mere desperation ; 
a retreat that seems mere cowardice ; a challenge that is 
answered by a blow ; any of these may be presented in beauti- 
ful form." 

All this is very true and most eloquently expressed. There 
are many other passages that might be cited, greatly to the 
credit of the author's talents. He is always interesting, even 
when difference of opinion inevitably obtrudes its cold shade, 
which is not seldom. Mr. Lyons has placed it on record else- 
where that he will welcome a candid critic whose aim is to 
evolve the truth. "We proceed, therefore, to enumerate some of 


the conclusions from wMoh we feel bound to dissent. First, let 
ufl note a point whereupon the author of Chess Niit Burrs seems 
rather at variance with himself. Anent " Originality" he justly 
observes : " a purely original problem, while possible, is highly 
improbable and the desired end can be attained only by a skilful 
and harmonious blending of two or more ideas in one problem. 
Originality mainly consists in the treatment of old ideas in a 
new way," &c. " Originality lies in the rendering of the 
. theme." (Page 9.) Compare this with the following remarks 
on "Plagiarism." " There is no property in a position. There 
is property in the idea. If the idea be the same the problem 
is the same, no matter how much the posing may be changed. 
Two problems may be almost identical in appearance, yet bear 
no relationship to each other. They may be entirely different 
in loots, yet alike in solution. In this case the author of the 
firat one published is the composer, the other the plagiarist. 
This he may be honestly or unci>naciou8ly. Except in very 
simple positions, however, I am unable to give him the benefit 
of the doubt. Plagiarism is rather rare and always detected. 
It is usually an attempt on the part of an unknown to steal a 
first-class and well-known problem. He is. spotted so quickly 
as to deter him or any of his kind from trying the same trick 
for a long time afterwards." 

If thia be so, what, we would aak Mr. Lyons, is to be said 
of Nos. TTT , and XIII. in his book ? Here we have two most 
marked themes, of world-wide celebrity, claimed respectively by 
Loyd and Healey, reduced down to their elements in two-move 

fo. in.— By will H. LYONS. No. Xm.— By F. B. PHELPS. 

White to play and mate in two mores. White to play and m 


The most cursory glance at either of these diagrams is 
enough for any solver, acquainted with their prototypes. The 
disguise which the elder composers so skilfully threw oyer their 
ultimate aims is here ruthlessly torn off and we see the bare 
bones of their ideas. Theirs, did we say ? No, that is an error, 
since W. Bone 50 years and Grimshaw more than 30 years ago 
might claim to have originated the abstract notion, in either 
case. Still to Loyd and Healey must ever belong the credit of 
first clothing these fine ideas in what the problem world deemed 
presentable appareL Many have since extended and embroidered 
the Bristol theme and quite legitimately so. The Bone-Loyd 
pattern is not so easily varied, to any good purpose, although 
it may readily — as Mr. Lyons as shown — be easily boiled down 
with a bad double or even triple mate thrown in (if Black play 
1 P takes E becoming Kt or B.) 

As to the statement, *^ Plagiarism is rather rare and always 
detected ;" it is a somewhat rash assertion much more easily 
made than proved, especially outside tourneys. 

Page 8. '^A problem should have a natural look as it 
might have been the ending of a game. A clumsy position or 
a crowded board are evidences of a prentice hand.*' Here is a 
proposition only true in a particular class of cases, as well as a con- 
fusion of not necessarily convertible terms. Granted that there 
is a superficial attraction in what is termed a natural position. 
But what can be more unlike the ending of a real game than 
the thousand and one charming problems where Black K is 
quite or almost alone, surrounded with foes so powerful and 
numerous that tenfold destruction appears imminent? One 
solution, say in two, any number, palpably, in three or four 
moves. Who but a lunatic would be found fighting out a real 
game thus ? Again, a crowded board often betokens aught but 
" a clumsy position," or ** a prentice hand." If not, what is to 
be said of the many tourney masterpieces by Bayer — whom Mr. 
Lyons honours — and other great generals of the chequered field ? 
Such men of mark ofttimes employ large forces, because it is a 
grand battle that has to be fought and not a petty skirmish ! 

Page 11. "Neatness of Construction or Correctness." This 
heading confoimds two qualities, which — although they may 
and do flourish together in some instances — are quite antago- 
nistic in others. Example. A problem badly afflicted with duals, 
curable only by the addition of force not otherwise wanted. 
The composer has here his choice between augmented correctness 
and diminished neatn&ss of construction. 

The short chapter headed ** How do I solve _a problem ? " 
is good and suggestive to learners. We think, however, that 
the illustrative problem (page 21) certainly is far from begin- 


ning— as there stated — with the most imlikelj coup on the 
board, since the first move, though pretty enough, is highly 
j^gressive. Under the heading/* Composing," page 22, Mr. 
Lyons commits himself to ** the broad assertion that any one 
who can correctly solve and intelligently criticise a problem can 
make one." That is not our experience. Three of the finest 
analysts, critics, and solvers we ever knew tried in vain to com- 
pose a correct and good problem. They possessed— one and 
all — the reviewing capacity in the highest sense of the term, but 
altogether lacked the constructive faculty. The general remarks 
on composing are, however, very intelligent and practically in- 
structive, although in the last sentence the author again comes 
to grief, by mixing up "a clumsy position" and **a crowded 
board," as if they were inevitably synonymous. 

Page 25. "Themes." This includes a dissertation on "the 
famous Indian Problem." '* When first published " — remarks 
Mr. Lyons — "it remained a long time without any one finding 
the solution, although a handsome prize was offered to stimulate 

This is a kind of double-barrelled blunder. Several — 
includiog the writer of this review — solved it within a month 
after publication and " the handsome prize " (?) consisted in the 
mere printing of their names in the succeeding issue of the old 
Chess Player's Chronicle — 40 years ago. Much that Mr. Loyd 
advanced in Chess Strategy on this subject is substantially en- 
dorsed in CJiess Nut Burrs. We repeat, in reply, that the defects 
in the Indian Problem were faults common enough at that 
period, while the true difficulty, grappled with by its first 
solvers, was based chiefly upon the absolute novelty of the theme 
embodied. If Mr. Loyd, Mr. Lyons, or any one else, wOl, A,D. 
1886, compose a stratagem not only as good but as new, "the 
boys" — depend upon it — wiQ be as puzzled now as their pre- 
decessors were in 1846. 

Under the heading " Key moves," the vexed question, how 
fer checks and captures are permissible, is but lightly touched 
upon. The author— unlike Mr. Loyd— regards a capture on the 
first move as "a very serious faiilt" and "hopes the time is 
not very far distant when the pubHc taste will rule out all 
problems beginning thus." In this respect, Mr. Lyons is in 
accord with the high German school and also with many British 
composers. We think, however, that the rule, though sound in 
a general way, should not be made quite hard and fast, especially 
as regards the preliminary capture of a Pawn, We remember 
some very fine problems, with such an opening, wherein no 
other feasible move for White could be made to answer, without 
damage- to the theme. In such instances (and in tourneys too) 


we haye held the taking of the P to be a yery small defect. We 
should draw the line here, though, and object, as a rule, to an 
initial piece slaughter or a check. But Mr. Lyons remarks : 
'* There can be no objection to a problem beginning with a 
check if the next is a waiting moye." This may be all yery well 
in theory, but who, nowadays, dreams of starting with a check 
in a touimey problem ? Nineteen out of twenty judges would 
heayily discount such a position. 

Mr. Lyons has a decided distaste for sui-mates and retractatory 
problems and endorses the usual stereotyped objection that a 
self-mate ^' is not Chess." This remark — as stale as it is untrue — 
fortunately will not tend to deter the finest composers and the 
strongest solyers from practising and enjoying this beautiful 
branch of composition to the top of their bent ! 

The chapter on ** Schools of Problems" is amusing. English 
problems, ** with side-issues rigorously excluded and the duals 
cut o£E " are scarcely in the present fashion of our best com- 
posers. The following is still more surprising. We always 
thought the best German authors particular about the harmony 
and homogeneousness of their yariations, not so our author ! 
" The German school seeks for yariations. If not there 
naturally, hang them on ; get them in some way ! The central 
idea is a good one, but introduce foreign ones seems to be the 
rule, until finally it is difficult to tell what the main idea is or 
if there is one I " What, we wonder, will Teutonic critics say to 
this summing up ? Of course the American school is preferable, 
in the author's opinion, to the other two. This is a patriotic 
conclusion, with which no one need quarrel. For our part, we 
are content to admire all three schools, each for its special 
qualities, giying honour where honour is due and ayoiding in- 
yidious comparisons in toto, 

Mr. Lyons' idea of a tourney judge's practices is not altogether 
pleasant or complimentary. He makes his imaginary umpire 
heayily discount a problem, because '* impressed with the idea 
of a resemblance " to some other stratagem ^' while unable to 
recall what it consisted of." Such an arbiter (?), if really ex- 
istent, is likely to return quickly to the obscurity from which he 
should neyer haye emerged. As for the ** rigid " monster who 
would condemn a beautiful work, solely on account of duals, 
where is he to be found ? At the Antipodes ? Certainly not 
nearer home, we think and hope ! (Page 53.) " When an 
umpire or judge has decided, it is in yery bad taste for a com- 
petitor to question the justice of the award and attack the 
decision." Exceedingly generous and true, Mr. Lyons ! but 
sadly old-fashioned, we fear ! 

We cannot agree with the author in objecting to money 


prizes in problem tourneys. There is no sncli a being in exist- 
ence, or Kkely to be, we should say, as a professional problemist. 
Moreover, problem composers are usually men, not boys, and 
not so easily tickled with the notion of inscribed books or boards 
&c. as Mr. Lyons supposes. These well meant gifts are, as often 
as not, mere superfluities. A friend of ours has, within a couple 
of years, won six copies of the same book in various competitions 
and begins to hate the sight of it, accordingly ! The irony of 
fate frequently allots to a deserving candidate the very thing he 
least wishes for, out of a whole catalogue of immercenary prizes. 
Now if he had **hard cash" instead, what then? He would 
be in no danger of growing fat upon the filthy lucre while, on 
the other hand, some charitable object might possibly benefit. 

(Page 58.) " The literature of Chess problems is a scanty 
one." This undeniable truth has induced us to review Qhesa 
Nut Burrs at far greater length than originally contemplated. 
In spite of the faults we have so freely found, there is much to 
admire in this work. Its literary style and general " get up " 
are, as a whole^ excellent, and the problematic illustrations 
contain much that is sparkling and beautiful in Mr. Lyons' 
favourite manner, compact ideas and few pieces. 

H. J. C. Andbbws. 


In my analysis of this Opening in the January number, 
there was one defence which was only cursorily glanced at, but 
which in actual play has proved so effective as to require fuller 
treatment. It arises on Black's seventh move (see diagram on 
page 11) after I P to K 4, P to K 4 ; 2 Kt to Q B 3, Kt to 
QB3; 3PtoB4, P takes P ; 4 Kt to B 3, P to K Kt 4 ; 
6 P to Q 4, P to Kt 5; 6 B to B 4, P takes Kt ; 7 Castles, and is 

7. Kt takes P 

8. B takes P ch 

8 Q B takes P is suggested in the previous article as White's 
best course; the attack, however, resulting from this second 
sacrifice is very strong and would no doubt be successful in most 
games. Of course if 8 Q takes Kt, the reply Q to Kt 4 will win. 

8. K takes B 

9. B takes P 

If 9 E takes P then 9 ..., Kt takes E ch ; 10 Q takes Kt, B to 
B4ch; llKtoEsq, KttoB3 and Black appears to have the 
best of it. 



9. P to B 4 

Perhaps the best, but Black has several others. For reference 
I give a diagram at this point. 



Black to plaj his ninth move. 

Blacky seeing he cannot safely keep both pieces he has grained, 
may abandon his Baiight and play (1) P to Q 3, or (2) Kt to 
K 3, or (3) B to Kt 2, or (4) Q to B 3, or (5) B to B 4. Taking 
them seriatim. 

Firstly— 9 ..., P to Q 3 ; 10 Q takes Kt, B to Kt 2; 11 Q to 
Q 5 ch, B to K 3 ; 12 Q to E 5 ch, K to K 2 ; 13 B to Kt 5 eh, 
B to B 3 (or 13 ..., Kt to B 3 ; 14 Q takes B P, B to K B sq; 
15 P to K 5, P takes P ; 16 Q R to Q sq, Q to K sq ; 17 Kt to 
Q 5 ch, B takes Kt ; 18 E takes B, K to K 3 ; 19 E to Q 2, 
Q to Kt 3 ; 20 Q to Kt 3 ch, &c.) ; 14 Kt to Q 5 ch, K to Q 2 
(or 14 ..., B takes Kt; 15 P takes B, Q to K B sq ! ; 16 Q B 
to K sq ch, K to Q sq ; 17 E takes P, &c. ; if 15 ..., B takes B ; 
16QtakesBch, KtoQ2; 17 Q to B 5 ch, Kto K sq; 18 QB 
to K sq ch, Kt to K 2 ; 19 E takes P, &c.) ; 15 Kt takes B, 
Kt takes Kt; 16 Q to E 4, E toKBsq; Etakes P, &c. 

Secondly— 9 ..., Kt to K 3 ; 10 B to K 5, B to Kt 2 ; 11 Q 
takes P ch, Kt to B 3 ; 12 Kt to Q 5, &c. 

Thirdly— 9 ..., B to Kt 2 ; 10 P to K 5, P to B 4 ; 11 B 
takes P, Kt takes E ch; 12 Q takes Kt, Kt to B 3 ; 13 B to 
Kt 5, &c. 

Fourthly— 9 ..., OtoB3;10BtoK3, BtoB4; llKtto 
Q 5, Q to Kt 2 ; 12 E takes P ch, Kt takes E ch ; 13 Q takes 
Kt ch, Kt to B 3 ; 14 B takes B, P to Q 3 ; 15 B to Q 4, &c. 


Fifthly— 9 ..., B to B 4 ; 10 B to K 3, Kt to K 7 ch (or 
10 ..., a to B 3; 11 KttoQ6, KttoK? ch; 12 K to R sq, 
&c); 11 Q takes Kt, B takes B; 12 Q takes B, Kt to B 3, 
P to K 5, &c. 

10. R takes P 

Nothing but boldness will succeed in this game. 

10. Kt takes B ch 

11. Q takes Kt 11. Kt to B 3 

12. PtoK5 12. PtoQ3 

Well played, as it compels White to capture Kt with P and so 
form a shelter for the exposed K. 12 ..., P to Q 4, would be 
met by 13 B to Kt 5, B to Kt 2 (if 13 ..., B to Kt 5 ; 14 Q to 
B 4, &c.) ; 14 P takes Kt, B takes P ; 15 Kt takes P, &c., and 
if 12 ..., B to Kt 2, then 13 P takes Kt, B takes P (or 13 .. , 
QtakesP; 14 Kt to Q 5, Q to B 4 ; 15PtoKKt4); 14 Q to 
B 5 ch, K to Kt sq (his only other move is 14 .., K to B sq, 
when follows 15 B to R 6 ch, K to K 2 ! ; 16 R to K sq ch, 
Ktoa3; 17BtoB4ch, KtoB3; 18QtoQ5ch, Kto 
Kt 3 ; 19 O to Kt 3 ch, K moves ; 20 Q to Kt 5 mate) ; 15 B to 
E6!, atoK2 (or 15 ..., PtoQ4; 16RtoKsq,BtoK2; 
17 R to K 3, &c., or 15 ..., B to Kt 2 ; 16 Q to Q 5 ch, K to 
B sq; 17 R to B sq ch, &c.) ; 16 Kt to Q 5, B to Q 5 ch (or 16 ..., 
Q to B 2 ; 17 Kt takes B ch, Q takes Kt ; 18 Q to K 8 ch, Q to 
B sq; 19 Q takes Q mate) ; 17 K to R sq, Q to B 2 ; 18 Q to 
Kt 6 ch, B to Kt 2 ; 19 R to K sq!, Q to B sq; 20 R to K 8, 
K to B 2 ; 21 Q to R 5 ch, K to Kt sq ; 22 Kt to K 7 mate ; in 
this last variation if 17 ..., Q to K 3 ; 18 Q to Kt 5 ch, K toB 2; 
19 R to K B sq ch, K to K sq; 20 Kt to B 7 mate. 

13. P takes Kt 13. P to K R 4 

Again an excellent move ; Black might very easily go astray in 
this position: suppose for example 13 ..., Q takes P; ihen 
would follow 14 R to K B sq, K to Kt sq (other moves are 

14 ..., B to K 3 ; 15 Q takes P ch, B to K 2 ; 16 B takes P, &c., 
or 14 ..., B to Kt 2 ; 15 Kt to O 5, Q to B 4 ; 16 Q to Q Kt 3, 
&c., or 14 ..., K to K sq; 15 Kt to Q 5, Q to Q sq; 16 B to 
K 6, &c.) ; 15 Kt to Q 5, Q to Q 5 ch (or 15 ..., Q to B 4 ; 
16QtoKKt3ch, QtoKtS!; 17B to R6! &c.); 16BtoK3, 
QtoKt2; 17BtoR6!,QtoQ5 ch; 18KtoRsq, BtoK3; 
19 Q takes £ ch, R takes Q ; 20 R takes R mate. 

Or suppose 13 ..., B to K 3 ; 14 Q to R 5 ch, K to Kt sq; 

15 Kt to Q 5, B to B 2 ; 16 Q to Kt 5 ch, B to Kt 3 ; 17 Kt to 
K 7 ch, B takes Kt; 18 P takes B, Q to K sq; 19 R to 
K B sq, &c. 

Or lastly, suppose 13 ..., B to B 4 ; 14 O to R 5 ch, B to Kt 3; 
15 Q to Q 5 ch, K to K sq ; 16 R to K sq ch, K to Q 2 ; 
17 Q takes Kt P ch, Q to B 2 ; 18 Q takes R, &c. 



The position at this point is very interesting and as it 
requires a great deal of analysis, a diagram will be convenient 
for reference. blaok. 


White to play his fourteenth move. 
14. E to K sq 

Up to this point the text moves have been t£^en from a 
correspondence game played between Messrs. James Pierce 
(White) and S. Balson (Blsujk). White, however, played here 
14QtoQ5ch. I cannot think this his best as it serves to develop 
Black's game without advancing his own. It continued, 14 ..., 
B to K 3 ; 15 Q takes P ch, K to Kt sq : 16 B to Kt 5, Q to 
Q B sq (16 ..., E to R 2 also looks good) ; 17 Q to B 3, E to E 2 ; 
18 Kt to Q 5, B to B 2; 19 P to K E 3, E to Q Kt sq; 20 Kt to 
K 7 ch, B takes Kt ; 21 P takes B, Q to Kt 2 ; 22 Q to B 2, 
E to K Kt 2 ; 23 B to B 6, E to Kt 3 ; 24 E to Q sq, to B 3 ; 
25 E to Q 3, B to Q 4 ; 26 P to K Kt 3, B to K 5; 27 E to E 3, 
Q to Q 4 ; 28 B to E 4, Q to Q 8 ch ; 29 Q to B sq, Q takes Q ; 
30 K takes Q, B takes P; 31 E takes P, B to B 4 ; 32 E to Kt 7, 
B takes P ch, 33 K to B 2, E to K sq; 34 P to E 4, and Black 
ultimately won. 

Besides 14 E to K sq (which appears White's best and only 
play to maintain his advantage) it will be well, perhaps, to show 
how to meet 14 Kt to K 4 ; Black's best reply is 14 ..., P to Q 4 ; 
then if 15 Kt to Kt 5 ch, K to Kt 3 !; 16 E to Q sq, B to Kt 5 ; 
17 Q to Q 3 ch, K takes P ; 18 Q to B 3 ch, P to Q 5 ; 19 Q to 
Q Kt 3, Q to Q 2 with the better game. 

14. B to K 3 

Black can also try (1) P to Q 4 and (2) Q takes P. First, 
suppose 14 ..., P to Q 4 ; White's best reply is 15 Kt takes P ! 


(15 B to K 7 cb is not good, because of 15 ..., B takes H; 
16 P takes B, Q to Q 2 ! ; 17 Kt takes P, O to B 4, &c.), B to 
Kt 5 [if 15 ..., B toK 3; 16Kt to B 7 wins; and if 15 ..., B to Q 3, 
thenfoUows 16 B to K7 cb, B takesB; 17 PtakesB, Qto Q2 ! ; 
ISPtoK 8, Queening, &c. ; if instead of 16 ..., B takes B, 
Black play 16 ..., K to B sq; tben 17 Q to K Kt 3 wins] ; 
16 Q to Q Kt 3, B to K 3 ! [or 16 ..., K to Kt 3 ; 17 B to 
K 5 !, to Q 2 ! ; 18 B to Kt 5 cb, K to B 2 ; 19 Kt to B 7 cb, 
B to K 3 ; 20 Kt takes B, Q takes Kt ; 2 1 Q takes P cb, K takes 
P; 22BtoK5, QtoBsq; 23QtoB 3, Ci to Kt 5 ! (if 23 ..., 
E to B 2 ; 24 B to Kt 5 wins against any play) ; 24 Q to B 6 cb, 
KtoB2; 25Qto Q 5 cb, KtoB3; 26 B to Kt 5 cb, KtoKt2, 
27 R to K 4, Q to Q B sq ; 28 B to K 6, &c.] 17 B takes B ! , 
K takes B ; 18 Kt to B 7 cb, K to B 4 ! ; 19 Q to K B 3, K to 
Kt 3 (if 19 ..., Q takes P ; 20 Q to 3 cb wins ; if 19 ..., K 
takes P ; 20 B to Q 6 cb, K to Kt 3 ! ; 2 1 Q to K 4 cb, K to B 2 ; 
22 Q to K 6 cb, K to Kt 2 ; 23 B to K 5 cb, &c) ; 20 Q to 
K 4 cb, K to B 2 ; 21 Q to K 6 cb, K to Kt 3 ; 22 Kt to Q 5 
and wins. 

Next suppose 14 ..., Q takes P ; tben 15 Kt to Q 5, Q to 
B 4 ; 16 Kt to B 7, B to Q Kt sq [or 16 ..., B to B 3 ; 17 Q to 
Kt 3 cb, K to Kt 3 ! (if 17 ..., P to O 4 ; 18 Kt takes P, B to 
K 3 ; 19 Q takes P cb, B to Q 2 ; 20 B to K 7 cb, &c.) ; 18 B 
takes B, K takes B ! (if 18 ..., B takes B ; 19 Q to Kt 8 cb, 
K to B 3 ; 20 Kt to K 8 mate) ; 19 B to K B sq, Q to Kt 3 ! 
(if 19 ..., Q to Q 2 ; 20 B to B 7, &c., and if 19 ..., to Kt 4 ; 
20 Q to B 7 wins) ; 20 Q to K 3 cb, K to B 2 ; 21 Q to K 7 cb 
and wins]; 17 to Kt 3 cb, K to B 3 ! (if 17 ..., P to Q 4 ; 18 B 
to K 6 wins ; and if 17 ..., K to Kt 3 ; 18 B to Q 2, &c.) ; 18 B 
to Q 2, K to Kt 3 (if 18 ..., Q to B 2 ; 19 Kt to K 8 cb, K to 
Kt 3 and 20 B to K 6 cb, &c.); 19 B to K B sq, Q to Q 2 ; 20 Q 
to Q 3 cb, K to Kt 2 ; 21 B to B 3 cb, K to Kt sq; 22 Q to 5 cb 
and wins. 

15. Q takes Kt P cb 

15 R takes B is tempting, but would bardly pay, for tben 15 ..., 
K takes B ; 16 Q to Q 5 cb, K to Q 2 ; 17 Q takes Kt P cb, 
Q to B 2 ; 18 Q takes B, B to Kt 2 and Wbite's attack is over. 

15. Q to Q 2 

Undoubtedly bis best resource : be can also play (1) B to Q 2 
and (2) K takes P. 

Firstly— 15 ..., B to Q 2; 16 Q to Q 5 cb, K to Kt 3 ; 17 Q 
to Kt 5 cb, K to B 2 ; 18 Kt to K 4, B to K 3 ; 19 Kt takes 
Feb, B takes Kt; 20 Q to Kt 7 cb, K to K sq; 21 B takes 
B cb, B to K 2 ; 22 B takes B cb, Q takes B ; 23 Q takes Q 


Secondly— 15 ..., K takes P ; 16 B to Kt 5 ch !, K takes B ; 
17 B takes B, F to Q 4 !, 18 Q to K B 7, B to B 3 (he has 
nothing better) ; 19 F to B 4 ch, K to Kt 5 ; 20 Q to B 3 ch, 
K takes F; 21 Q to B 4 mate. 

16. Q takes B 16. F to Q 4 
Threatening to win the Q by B to Kt 2 ; 16 ..., B to Kt 2 at 
once, would lose a piece by llie reply 17 Q to B 3, provided Black 
now capture the F. 

17. QtoKt 8 17. BtoKt2 

18. QtoQ6 

It is hardly worth while to pursue the game further; whether 
Black elect to exchange Queens or not, White will remain with 
two Fawns ahead, a Kt against a B, and his K more safely 
placed : altogether he may be said to have a winning game. 

In case any fatal flaw should be discovered in the preceding 
analysis, and this is very possible, considering the numerous 
and complicated variations. White can always fall back on the 
safer though less showy line of play already suggested in answer 
to Black's seventh move, namely 8 Q B takes F. The following 
example of this line of play is contributed by Mr. Forterfield 
Bynd of Dublin. 


Q B takes F 








Kt to Q 5 


Q to Kt 2 


B takes F 


Kt takes B ch 


Q takes Kt 


B takes B oh 


Q takes B 


K to Q sq 


B to K B sq 


Ktto B 3 


BtoB 6 


Kt to Kt 5 




Q to B sq 


Q, takes F ch 


KtoK sq 


BtoB 5 


PtoB 3 

or 18 ..., F to Q B 3; 19 B to K 5 ch, Kt takes B ; 20 Q takes 
Kt ch, K to Q sq ; 21 Q to B 6 ch, K to K sq ; 22 Kt mates. 

19. Kt takes Fch 19. Kt takes Kt 

20. B to K 5 ch 20. Q to K 2 

21. QtoQ6 21. Q takes E 

If 21 ..., Kt to Kt sq; 22 B takes Kt and wins. 

22. Q takes Q ch 22. K to Q sq 

23. Q, takes Kt ch and wins. 

Baslow, February 1886. W. Timbbell Fieboe. 

Erbattjm.— On page 12, January number, Variation C after 
Black's 17th move, White can mate in two moves by 18 Q to 
B 6 ch and 19 Q or Kt mates. W. T. F. 



Dub M& Editob, — In a late game at odds I arrived at tha 
subjoined poeitioa, m; opponent (Black) having tbe more. Ha is 
perhaps the most cheerful fellow in our club, and be loves to 
accompany his play with a running commentary. So, here, fae 
eiolaimed, " Oh it's all right — I check, and if yon put in Rook, 
111 play Queen to Knight's third, gaining the attack, and you'll 
have to give in." I played, however, the Bishop, not the Rook to 
Sing's square, in answer to the check, and he played Rook to 
Queen's Knight's square, remarking " Now all is safe, and I oaa 
see a good thii^ when I have taken your Rook's Pawn." His own 
Hook's Pawn, on which this anticipation was founded, had, alas, 
no time to distiuguish himself, for a pretty mate in three at 
farthest was left, beginning with Knight to Bishop's 8th check. 

I Am not sure, however, that I should have troubled you with 
tiie position, bat for the alternative modes of play, instead of 
Queen checks, suggested for Black by onlookers — Q takes R 
followed by P to B 6th was one, R to R 3nd, which seems to me 
very pretty, was another. Either of them would have settled my 
bosineas. Yours very truly, 

Leamington, Xmaa, 1885. R. Abpa. 


Black to play. 



Chess in Lokdoit. 

" Well,*' said I to my friend of Pursseirs the other day, " I 
hope you're satisfied with the Championship match now for there 
has been a draw at last." " Yes 1 that's better," said he. "What 
do you think of the games ? " I asked him. " There you have 
me," was his reply ; " for I haven't made up my mind about 
them yet. When I first ran over them I thought little of them 
(the majority understand), and big blunders seemed to strike my 
attention. Going over them more carefully the play, as it were, grew 
upon me and I saw beauties that I had failed to see before. Apart 
from the blunders (and these are, to my mind, inexplicable) I am 
coming to the conclusion that up to a certain point they are very 
fine examples of the * modem school ' of play." " What do you 
say to some of the adverse American criticism 1 " I enquired. 
" Rubbish, Sir ! Pure and unadulterated rubbish. Why I see 
they speak of a Morphy move and a Steinitz move ! Now there 
are no such things. There's Morphy's style, and Steinitz's style, 
which is a very diflFerent thing. The modem school no more 
ignores brilliant moves than Morphy ignored sound development. 
The modern school seeks to lead up by minute advantages to won 
end-games ; but all through it is ready to make a brilliant move if 
the position presents itself and the move is sound. But on the 
other hand it never wants to get more out of a position than the 
position affords. Analysis has made such 4eaps and bounds ' since 
Morphy's time that when two great masters like S. and Z. come 
together it is impossible, humanly speaking, for them to play any 
other style than they do. Let me illustrate my idea of the modern 
school by glancing at the third game of the match. Mark the splen- 
did way in which Steinitz blocks the Queen's side and then wheels 
round on his 22nd move to an attack on the King's flank, which 
culminates in the winning of Zukertort's K R P. This is not a 
great gain it is true, but it is a real one, and I think sufficient to 
win in Steinitz's ordinary play. But what I want you to notice is 
the way in which Steinitz shifts the battle from the Queen's side 
to that of the King. Two or three heavy blows and it is done, and 
the seemingly secure Pawn at Rook's 2nd falls. All this is admir- 
able and had the conclusion of the game been equal to the 
beginning it would have formed a splendid example of the * modem 
school.'" '^But what about Steinitz's blunders]" I asked. 
" That is a mystery indeed," he replied, " but blunder he did, for 
in game three, after the 35th move he made a dreadful position- 
blunder, that is, he played a series of moves all based upon a false 
conception of the position, whilst in game four he made a dreadful 
move-blunder, that is, an outrageous blunder in the move itself. 
All this I cannot explain." 


The wipt^ Tournament of the Citt ov London dub is com- 
pleted so far as the sectional play is concerned. In Section No. 1, 
Mr. G, A. Hooke wins with 8^ catena possible 11. No. 2,Mr.KP. 
Griffiths, with 10^ out of 11. No. 3, Mr. C. J. Woon, 10 out of 
11. No. 4, Mr. E. George, 9^ out of 11. No. 5, Mr. H. S. 
Staniforth, 11^ oat of 12. No. 6, Messrs. Kennedy and Clark 
tied with 9 out of 11, and in playing off the tie the former won. 
No. 7, Mr. H. F. Lowe, 10 out of 12. No. 8, Mr. A. Thomson, 
11 out of 12. No. 9, Mr. C. H. Coghlan, 10 out of 12, and in 
No. 10, Mr. B. Manuel, 8 out of 9. These gentlemen (all prize- 
winners) are now playing off for vltimate position. A Spring 
Tourney (or rather a number of sectional tourneys) has already 
commenced. The sections in this tourney are not made up of 
players of one class, as was the case in the Winter Tourney, but 
players of different classes are competing with each other. 

On Friday, the 12th February, Mr. Blackbume was expected to 
have given an exhibition of simultaneous play at the City Club, 
but unfortunately his health and the weather conspired against 
the arrangement being carried out, and he was therefore not 
present. The Rev. G. A. MacDonnell, howeyer, consented to take 
his place so that the assembled players might not be disappointed. 
Twenty-two gentlemen did their best to puzzle the perambulatory 
player, but their efforts were only partially successful, for Mr. 
MacDonnell won 15, lost 6, and drew 1. Mr. MacDonnell's stout 
build mak«s simultaneous play a heavy physical task, and he is, 
tiierefore, to be congratulated upon the handsome score he made 
under somewhat adverse circumstances. 

The annual match between the St George's and the City Clubs 
takes place on the 4th March in the Criterion. On this occasion 
there will only be 16 players a side, honorary members — as in 
the last match — being barred. 

The British Chess Club seems to be a success so fair. A master 
toamey is going on as well as a handicap. In the master tourney 
Messrs. Bird and Blackbume drew their game. In the handicap 
Mr. D. T. Mills is fancied as the most likely to win. 

In the handicap going on at Purssell's Mr. Gunsberg is leading 
in Section A, and Mr. Fenton in Section B, Mr. Bird made a 
poor start as he was not well, but he may creep up. 

A very interesting match took place on Saturday 6th February, 
at the Atheneeum (Camden Road), between a team of the 
Athenseum Chess Club and a team of Brighton players. The 
contest was very keen indeed, and at one time it looked all over 
as if the visitors would win, as at 8 o'clock the score was Brighton 
^ to 4^, and with only about an hour's more play things certainly 
looked ominous for the Athenseum. The steady play of the 
Londoners, however, at last prevailed and Brighton was defeated 
by the odd game, as shown by the following score. 



Carr 1 

Foord i 

Pritchard i 

Baxter 1 


Mellish i 

Marks I 

Sohlesinger 1 


Fox 1 




Batler O 

ErskiDoH i 

Andrews t 


Wilson 1 

Smith i 



Humphreys 1 

Adams Rev 

Comber • I 

Sendall , 1 

As will be seen the match was won on the top six boards. 
Mr. Butler need not be discouraged by his defeat by Mr. Carr, who 
is really a fine player^ and Mr. Erskine had no mean opponent in 
Mr. Foord, J. G. C. 

Chess nr Ibelaio). 

A want long felt in Dublin — ^namely, the establishment of a 
good Chess divan, or caf(6, or restaurant, like Simpson's, Gatti's, or 
Purssell's (in London), where public Chess could be had day and 
evening, in connection either with a whiff of the fragrant weed, or 
a sip of the nectar of Mocha — is about to be supplied ; and it is 
only reasonable to expect that great increase and improvement 
in the general practice of the game will quickly result. Grafton 
Street — naturally the best position for resort — is the site chosen 
for negociations by those who have set the project on foot. 

In the correspondence match between the Associations of 
Ireland and Sussex, two games have been already decided — one in 
favour of Sussex and the other in favour of Ireland. Mr. W. H. 
K. Pollock (Irish C. C.) succumbed to Mr. Leuliette (Sussex 0. C.) 
in a Scotch gambit wherein he adopted a very queer defence. After 
the opening moves 1 P to K 4, P to K 4, 2 Kt to K B 3, Kt to 
Q B 3, 3 P to Q 4, P takes P, 4 B to B 4, Mr. Pollock played 4 Q 
to K 2 and 5 Q to B 4. The main feature in the game, as might 
be supposed, was the tackling of the Black Q by White's minor 
pieces on the Queen's side until she was caught securely ; and after 
the accomplishment of that task, which was creditably performed 
by Mr. Leuliette, the forcing of a win was not difficult, although 
Mr. Pollock bravely held out while there was any hope. In 
retaliation Mr. Morphy (Irish C. C.) managed to infiict an early 
discomfiture on Mr. H. Erskine (Sussex C. C.) in a Buy Lopez Et's 
game in which Mr. Morphy had the defence. Several other games 
are in an advanced state and may quickly fall to one side or the 
other so as to cause a little excitement over the score. 



A new kind of Chess called Diamond Chess, has quite recently 
been suggested by Mr. Porterfield Rynd — ^the first game of which 
ever played took place on St. Valentine's day between himself and 
the editor of the Irish Sportsman in Dublin.* Diamond Chess is 
played with the ordinary men and board ; but the board is placed 
diagonally between the combatants (a white comer being next to 
each) and the men are arranged as in the diagram. The pieces 



move as in ordinary Chess. The Pawns, however, move quite 
differently. They march onward one square at a time towards the 
hostile camp, keeping (except in taking) on the diagonal lines like 
Bishops. In taking, they diverge in a half forward direction, 
moving then laterally like Rooks, but always progressing. They 
" Queen " whenever they reach the edge of the board on either of 
the opposite sides. Their movements and the new combinations 
ariaing out of them will be found, it is submitted by the inventor, 
superior to those in ordinary Chess. One feature is that two Pawns 
muted on adjacent diagonals can move forward, so that at every 
move one will be supporting the other, which is not so in ordinary 
Chess. Another feature is the variety in number of moves by 
which a Pawn can reach the edge for Queening — the number 
varying from a minimum of four to a maximum of ten moves — 
which does not occur in ordinary Chess, as the number is always 
six or seven. Another feature is the different rates of progression 
— according as the pawns are engaged in taking or simply moving 
forward^ — two moves in taking being only equivalent for progression 
to one move forward. But the new features are too manifold for 
foil treatment in this short account. A. E. R. . 

* See Game 411, p. lU. 


CHias nr Sooklajid. 

At a meeting held in January last, in Pollokshields BathH 
(Glasgow), it was agreed to form a Chess Club in connection there- 
with, to be named the Pollokshields Chess Club. The following 
gentlemen were appointed office-bearers : — Honorary President, 
W. M. Dickie; President, P. Fyfe; Vice-President, J. R. Jackson; 
Secretary and Treasurer, Wm. Heggie ; Members of Committee, 
J. Campbell, W. Roxbrugh, junr., R. Harper, R. Hunter, and 
J. Fulton. 

The annual handicap tournament in connection with the 
Central Club, Glasgow, which was begun in October last, terminated 
in the end of January. The competition was conducted on the 
inter-playing system, — each entrant playing one game with eveiy 
other. The prizes were won in the following order : — 

First Prize ... Wm. Picken, (Class III), 

Second „ ... W. Harrison, (Class II), 

Third „ ... D. Forsyth, (Class II), 

Fourth „ ... John Russell, (Class I). 

The score of Mr. Picken, who is a young and very promising 
player, was the excellent one of 12 out of 13. Mr. Harrison 
lost 3 games, and Mr. Forsyth and Mr. Russell each lost 3^^. A 
game played between Messrs. Forsyth and Russell to decide their 
tie was won by the former. 

The first contest for the Silver Challenge Shield presented to 
the Dundee Chess Club by Mr. W. N. Walker, President, haa 
resulted in a tie between Messrs. C. R. Baxter and Richard 
Fleming, each of whom won ten games, drew one, and lost one. 
They are now engaged in a match for the first five won games to 
decide the final issue. No similar event has excited so much 
interest among the Dundee Chess-players for many years. 

Sheriff Spens recently challenged Mr. J. Gilchrist, the holder 
of the West of Scotland Chess Challenge Cup. The contest 
terminated on 17th February in favour of the holder. Score, 
Gilchrist, four games ; Spens, two. 

The annual match between the Glasgow Chess Club^ and its 
powerful rival, the Central Club, came off on Saturday afternoon, 
20th February, in the rooms of the former. As these clubs are 
undoubtedly the two strongest clubs in Glasgow and possibly in 
Scotland, and the result of the several contests between them of 
late years has not been to show an appreciable superiority on either 
side, the result of this match was looked forward to with a consider- 
able degree of interest. It was sanguinely expected by the members 
of the Glasgow Chess Club that their representatives would prove 
victorious, while the Central players would not have been taken 
by surprise had they lost the match. The actual result, however, 


was Central Club 18^, Olasgow Chess dub I3(. Eighteen players 
a side competed. The Qlasgow Club were unfortunate in not having 
the assistance of Messrs. Crum, Barbier, and Thomson, while 
Messrs. Bryden and Young were absent from their opponents' team. 
All these gentlemen are strong plajers. 

It has now been arranged that the third annual Congress of 
the Scottish Chess Association, which is to be held in Glasgow, will 
begin on Monday, 5th April, and continue during the week. An 
early date was fixed upon in order to comply with the wishes of 
players who pleaded inability to attend the former Congresses on 
the ground that they were held at times when many were out of 
town. D. F. 


At the last moment, owing to a press of important matter, we 
decided to add twelve additional pages to our present issue. This 
will account for the slight delay in publication. 

An entertainment in the shape of a '^ Living Chess Tourna- 
ment" was given at the Victoria Pavilion, Leamington, on 
Wednesday afternoon and evening, February 10th, and, owing 
to the immense success which it then achieved, was repeated on 
the following evening, in aid of the fund which has been 
organised by the Mayor (Councillor S. T. Wackrill) for the 
provision of work and wages for the working men of Leamington, 
who, through the depressed state of trade, have been unable to 
procure employment. The idea of giving the entertainment 
originated with the Eev. H. G. AHfree, who, having become 
acquainted with the great success which had attended kindred 
dismays in other parts of the country, set about making 
arrangements for a similar entertainment in Leamington. The 
afternoon performanco was witnessed by a numerous and 
fashionable audience. The Mayor, together with the Mayors 
of Warwick and Stratford-on-Avon and the High Sheriff, 
occupied the first row of reserved chairs, and every other available 
seat was filled, many having to stand. The building was 
beautifully and most effectively decorated for the occasion, and 
on entering the spectator gazed upon a fete-like scene that im- 
mediately called forth an exclamation of admiration and pleasure. 
On an elevated platform sat the gentlemen who directed the 
games — ^^Signor Aspa, the Eev. A. P. Dodd, Dr. Collins, Mr. A. 
Hill, and other leading members of the Leamington Chess Club, 
who had kindly consented to perform that duty. The proceedings 



^ommeiioed with a perfbnnaiiee hj t he ba nd, foUowing which a 
oouple of heraldBy attired in Heniy VIII. oostomey made their 
appearance and gtationed themselves on either side of the 
entrance, and in due season annoxmced the approach of the 
procession by a lusty trumpet-blast. First came the Trinity 
Church drum and fife band, in their handsome red uniforms, 
playing a sprightly march, and, after perambulating the arena^ 
they gaye way to ** the pieces," who came in pairs, and haying 
<< waljced round," and bowed to the Mayor, took up their positions 
on the Chess-board. First came the Yeoman of the Boyal Ghiard 
(Mr. W. H. Austin), who looked remarkably well in his Beefeater 
costume, and he was followed by the Chamberlain (Mr. J. 
Goodacre), immediately after whom marched the '^red" and 
''white" Marshals (Messrs. C. Sydney Yinning and J, Boss 
Watt), all three being attired in court dress of the time 
of the Georges. Then appeared the various '' pieces," the Books 
in a group, and then the Knights and Bishops, attended by their 
respective Fawns, and lastly came the King^ and Queens, whose 
stately presence evoked gratifying applause. As the pieces stood 
in position on the Chess-boiurd the spectacle presented was a 
most bnlliant one, the dresses being most effective. The Kings 
and Queens were attired in velvet and satin robes, richly em- 
broidered and adorned with gold ; the Bishops wore white robes 
and mitres, and the red had robes and birettas of that colour, 
with ermine capes; the Knights were clad in silver armour, with 
distinctive red and white plumes ; and the Castles and Books 
were indicated by the bannerettes they bore, the former being 
attired as men-at-arms and the latter as pages of the reign of 
'< BlufP King Hal. " The demecmour of all tiie pieces was excellent 
and showed an earnest appreciation of the character of the game, 
but special reference must be made to the dignity, grace, and 
queenly bearing of the two ladies, who acquitted ^emselves 
under the very trying ordeal in the most self-possessed manner. 
On Wednesday afternoon two games were played, and at the 
conclusion of the second game, which ended the afternoon 
tournament, the players left in procession and saluted the 
Mayor as they passed out, amid the applause of the spectators, 
whilst the band played the National Anthem. In the evening " 
the attendance was again very large and the Mayor was present 
wearing his mayoral robe and chain. On this occasion three 
games were played, the first being between Signor Aspa and 
Mr. Hill, the second between Signor Aspa and die Bev. A. P. 
Dodd, and the third between Signor AspsL and Mr. Hill. At 
the close of the games, the Mayor said how deeply interested 
they had been in witnessing such a novel performance in Lea- 
jnington, and expressed his thanks to the Bev. H. G. Allfree 


and ihose who had assisted him in getting up the entertainment. 
At the third representation, on Thursday eyening, the attendance 
was also very good, and it is beliered that a good balance will 
be handed over to the Mayor's fund. 

The Bochdale Chess Club, whose match with Wigan — the 
£nt it has ever played— was recorded in our January number, 
has, we understajid, about 30 members, who meet on Wednesday 
and Friday evenings at the Cocoa Booms, Yorkshire Street. 
Mr. J. Molesworth (coroner for the Bochdale district) is the 
President, Mr. J. H. Lancashire, J.P., the Treasurer, and the 
Bev. A. Pagan, the Secretary ; while the Committee consists of 
Mr. E. Ellidge, Mr. C. Farrow, J.P., Mr. J. H. Heap, and Dr. 
W. Hodgson. Much of the prosperity of the club is due to 
Mr. J, H. Lancashire, whose name will be noticed in the list of 
last year's prize-winners at the Manchester Chess Club. Two 
han^cap tournaments are now in progpress. The handicapper, 
Mr. J. T. Palmer (sergeant in the Lancashire police force), has 
done good service in popularising Chess, not only in Bochdale 
but in other places. He was taught the game by a Sheffield 
working-man, in 1874, and at once entered upon a useful career 
in connection with Chess organisation. During the years 1 875-7 7 
he was the secretary of &e Hull Church Listitute Chess and 
Draughts Club, taking part in fifteen or sixteen of its matches* 
Then he became a Chess editor, conducting a column in the 
Amateur World in 1877 and 1878 ; another column in the Eoyal 
Exchange for a few months in 1878, and a third in the Preston 
Guardian from. 1880 to 1883. Mr. Palmer was also secretary of 
the Preston Chess dub from 1870 to 1882, and played in several 
matches there, and we are informed has twice won the first prize 
in dub Handicap Chess tournaments, and thrice been presented 
with testimonials on his retirement from Chess Clube. The assist- 
ance and advice of a Chess-player of such varied experience, and 
one who has proved himself to be such an enthusiastic supporter 
of the game, ought to be of great value to the Bochdale 

The return match between the Wigan and Bochdale Chess 
Clubs was played in the Mechanics' Institute, King-street, 
Wigan, on Saturday afternoon, Feb. 13th. The Wigan dub 
won by 8 games to 4. 

A match between Bristol and Clifton against Cardiff and 
County was played at Clifton on Wednesday February 17th. 
Sesnlt — ^Bristol and Clifton, 13 ; Cardiff and County, 3. 

On Saturday, 20th February, the Derby Midland Railway 
Chess Club played their first match with the redoubtable 
Birmingham Club at the BirmiDgham and Midland Institute. The 
result proved as anticipatedr— that the Birmingham Club wese 


much the strooger^ they woring 15^ games to 8^ for Derby* 
Daring an intenral in the match Mr. H. T. Bland, on behalf of the 
Midland Railway Institate Chess Club, presented to Mr. J. S. 
West an album, containing the photos of his fellow Chess-playenu 
Mr. Bland, in making the presentation, said : — It is no doubt 
within the knowledge of all members of the Midland Railway 
Institute Chess Club that we are about to lose the sendees of one 
of our ablest and most respected players. Mr. West,- who has played 
with us for many years, has been appointed to a more important 
post at the Leeds District Excise Department, and as this is the last 
time that he will play with us, for a long time at any rate, it was 
thought a good opportunity for presenting him with a token of 
our kind regards and esteem, and at the same time to wish him 
every success in the future. — ^Mr. West, who spoke with much 
feeling, sincerely thanked his friends for the handsome Resent, and 
more so for the kind sentiments which accompanied it, and referred 
to the many happy hours he had spent with the members of the 
M. R. Institute Chess Club. At the conclusion of the match Mr. 
Walton on behalf of the Birmingham Club thanked the Derby 
players for their risit and hoped to meet them a&fain shortly in a 
Vetum match. Mr. W. B. Bland responded lor the Derby 

Chbbb Pi/AYmo BT Tblvphovtb BvrwKiN Manohestir and 
LiYEBPOoL. — ^Two games of Chess were played on Saturday 
afternoon, February 20th, between members of the Maochester and 
Liverpool Chess Clubs assembled in their respective clubroon&s, 
which are nearly forty miles apart. Communication was carried 
on, it is needless to state, by means of an electric wire. The 
Laiicashire and Cheshire Telephone Company had made speeial 
arrangements by which the players could converse with as much 
certainty of being understood as if they were seated in the same 
room on opposite sides of the Chess-board. Non-players had also 
opportunities of learning the verbal messages which passed to and 
fro, and some found entertainment in the strains of the Theatre 
Royal orchestra, which trespassed on the same wire, and could be 
heard in a subdued form. Two games only were played, each 
conducted by a small committee acting in consultation. At one 
board the Manchester players, before they had fairly settled down 
to work, only three or four moves having been made, lost a Pawn 
by an oversight, and were nevw able to recover from the effects of 
this false start. In the other game the contest was very even, and 
at nine o'clock — after six hours' play — it was decided to submit 
the position to Mr. I. Gunsberg for adjudication. Much satis^Eietion 
was expressed with the working of the telephones, all the moves — 
over thirty on each side in one game and about forty in the other-^ 
being transmitted without a simgle nustake. 





Played in a match between Whitby and Grosmont Chess Clubs, 

January 2l8t, 1886. 

(Q Kt's Opening.) 


(Mr. Qrimshaw.) 
2 Et to Q B 3 

4 Et to K B 3 

5 P to Q 4 
6BtoQ3 . 

8 Castles 

9 P to K 6 
10 B tks P eh 


(Mr. Love.) 
PtoK 4 
B to Q B 4 
B to Et 5 ) 
PtoQ 3 
B to Kt 5 
Castles (5) 
Kt to R 4 


(Mr. Grimshaw.) (Mr. Love.) 

11 Et to Kt 5 ch K to Kt sq (e) 

12 Q tks B P to K Kt 3 

13 Kt to Q 6 Kt to Q 2 

14 KttksEBP((;)R tks Et 

15 Q tks P ch Et to Et 2 

16 B to Et 5 R tks R oh 

17 R tks R Q to E sq 

18 Kt to K 7 ch K to R sq 

19 Q mates. 

fa) B to B 4 is preferable against a strong player. 
(b) Better get rid of the Q Kt first. 

(e) There is something to be said in favour of 11 Q tks Kt ! 
(d) 14 Kt takes B is good enough of course, but White can 
afford to be generous-in bait. 

Played at Dawlish January 22nd, 1886. 

(Scotch Gambit.) 


(Signer Aspa.) 
1 P to K 4 
2 Et to K B 3 
5 P to Q B 3 
§ P tks P 
7 B to Q R 3 


(Mr. W. Bolt.) 
PtoK 4 
Kt to Q B 3 
B to Q B 4 
PtoQ 3 
P tks P (a) 


(Signer Aspa.) 
9 Q to Q Kt 3 

10 Castles 

11 RtoQsq 

12 B to E 6 


(Mr. W. Bolt.) 
Et to E R 3 
BtoQ 2 
Et to Q Et sq 
Et tks R 

13 R tks B 

14 B to E B 7 ch Et tks B 

15 Q mates in two moves. 

faj If he takes with Et, White Et will retake, and he can- 
not tske Et again without losing his Queen for a Bishop. 
(bj After this his game is hopeless. 



Played at the Irish Chess Association Meeting, October, 1885. 

(Queen's Gambit 


(Mr. W. McCraxn.) (Mr. G. F. Barry.) 

1 P to Q 4 

2 P to Q B 4 

3 Kt to Q B 3 

4 Et to K B 3 

5 P to K 3 
7 Castles 

PtoQ 4 
Kt to E B 3 

B to Q 2 {a) 
P tks P (6) 


9 P to E R 3 (e) Q Kt to Q 2 

10 R to E sq Et to Et 3 

11 BtoEt3(£;) 

12 Et tks Et 


14 Q tks B 

15 P to Q R 3 

16 P to Q Et 4 

17 B to Q 2 (e) 

18 P to E 4 

19 B to B 3 (/) 

20 Q R to Q sq 

21 Q to Q 3 

22 P to E 5 

23 Q to E 4 

Et to E 5 
B tks Et 
Et to Q 4 
Q R to B sq 
BtoQ 3 
Et to E 2 
Et to Et 3 
P to Q B 3 
Et to R 5 
B to Kt sq 
Qto E 2 
Et tks Et ch 


























W. McCmm.) 
Q tks Et 
R to E 4 (g) 
Q R to K sq 
Q R to E 4 
R to E K 4 
P tks P en p, 
Q to Et 4 
Q toE 2 
PtoEt 3 
RtoE 3 
P to Et 4 
RtoE 4 
RtoE 5 
BtoQ 2 

(Mr. G. F. Barry.) 
E R to Q sq 
RtoQ 4 
Q R to Q sq 
Q R to Q 2 
Q to Q sq 
P to E B 4 
RtoB 4 
Qtks P 
Rto E 2 
P to E Et 4 
P to E R 3 
Q to Et 3 
RtoQ 4 
B toB 5 
BtoB 8 
Bto B5 
B to E R 7 oh 

Notes by E. Fresbobough. 

(a J Unnecessarily blocking his game, which in this opening 
is quite sufficiently crowded with the best management. 

(bj This and the following move are to free himself. The 
open Q B file should be an advantage to White. 

(cj There is no call for this at present. 

(dj Shutting up his Q B. B to Q 3, to follow when con- 
venient with Q to B 2, is better. Both parties proceed as if they 
were glad to simplify. 

(ej iGluarding against Et takes Et P, which would give Black 
two passed pawns for a piece. 

(fj He ought not to leave E B 5 open for Black's Enight, 
as a rule. As the game goes there is nothing in it. 

('gj Here follow fifteen moves' play with Rooks and Queens, 
each party trying to circumvent the other. Wljite loses eventually 
by a miscalculation on his 4l8t move. > 





FivTH Gami. 
(Queen's Gambit declined.) 


(Mr. Zakertort.) 



3 Kt to Q B 3 



6 Q to Et 3 

7 Kt to K B 3 

8 Kt to K 5 

9 B to Kt 5 

10 B to Q 2 

11 P to K B 4 

13 B P tks B 

14 Castles 

15 B to Q 3 

16 Q to B 2 


(Mr. Steinitz.) 
P to Q B 3 (a) 
Et to K B 3 
B to B 4 (b) 
B to B Hq (c) 
Kt to Q B 3 
PtoE 3 
Q toB2 
Bto Q 3 
B tks Et 
£t to E sq 
P toB3 


(Mr. Zakertort) (Mr. Steinitz.) 
17EttoK2 BtoQ2 
18RtoEB2 RtoQBsq 
19BtoB3 QtoEtS 

20 Q to Q 2 Et to E 2 

21 QRtoEBsqBtoEt4 
22BtoEtsq Q to R 3 
23PtoEEt4(e)PtoKEt 3 
24PtoER3 RtoQB2 

25 R to E sq 

26 Et to B 4 

27 P tks P 

28 R to Kt 2 

29 E to R 2 

Et to Et 2 
Et to B sq 
Kt P tks P 
E toRsq 
Q to B 3 (/) 

30QRtoEtsq Et to K 2 
31QtoEB2 QtoKsq 
32 R tks Et Black resigns, (ff) 

Notes bt the Chess Editob of ^* The Comheboial Gazette.'' 

(a) For the third time in the match Mr. Steinitz adopts this 
defence. The books advise that the Gambit be declined, but 
pronounce this way of declining it bad. They give Black 2 P to 
K 3 as the best move. But Mr. Steinitz is " a very obstinate 
man/* as was shown by his sticking to his own gambit at the last 
London Chess Congress in spite of its fatal effect on his score. 

(h) This move seems to be an invention of Mr. Steinitz, 
He has played it three times in the match without good results. 

(cj This ought to settle the invention. The B has consumed 
two moves with no gain in development. White's sixth move 
betrays the weakness of Mr. Steinitz's attempted defence. 

(d) White has a well-ordered game, while his adversary is 
cramped and without resources of combined attack. Even for de- 
fence Black lacks breathing spaca The adverse centre Pawns 
nearly divide his wings. We believe from the nature of the position 
that White has already a winning game. 



(e) White has a powerful command of this side of the board, 
and a free scope for combinations. Nearly one half of Black's 
army is out of supporting distance — self-bottled. 

(f) Only by this circuitous road can the Queen go to the 

(g) If B takes R, 33 R takes R, K takes R, 34 Kt takes 
E P ch, E moves, 35 Et takes R and wins. As a whole this is 
the weakest game %i the match on Mr. Steinitz's side. The fol- 
lowing diagram shows the critical position : 

Black (Mr. Stbinitz.) 

White (Mb. Zukertobt.) 


Sixth game of the Steinitz-Zukertort match, played in the hall 
of the Harmonic Club at St. Louis, February 3rd, 1886. 

(Ruy Lopez.) 


(Mr. Steinitz.) 

1 F to E 4 

2 Et to E B 3 

3 B to Et 5 

4 Castles 

5 R to E sq 

6 Et tks P 

7 B tks Kt oh 

8 Et to B 3 (a) 


(Mr. Zukertort) 
PtoE 4 
Et to Q B 3 
Et to B 3 
Et tks P 
Et to Q 3 
Et tks Et 
BtoE 2 
Castles (6) 


(Mr. Steinitz.) (Mr. Zukertort) 

9 B to Q 3 

10 R to E 3 

11 P to Q Et 3 

12 Q to B 3 

13 R tks R ch 

P to E Et 3 
R to E sq (c) 
Et tks R 
P to Q B 3 

14 B to Et 2 

15 Et to E 4 {d) B to E 2 («) 
16QtoE3 PtoQ4 




18 KttoKt3(/) 

19 R to K sq 

20 P to K R 4 

21 P to R 5 

23 Q to K 3 

24 Q to B 4 

25 R to E 3 

26 Q to K Kt 4 

27 Kt to B 5 

28 Kt to R 6 ch 

29 Kt to B 5 ch 

31 Kt to B 5 ch 

32 Kt to R 6 ch 

33 Kt to B 5 ch 

34 Kt to R 6 ch 

35 B tks B ! 

36 Kt tks Q 

37 B P tks R 

38 Kt tks P 

39 P to Q 3 

BtoK 3 
Kt to Kt 2 
B to B 2 {g) 
KtoB 2 
R to E sq 
Et to E 3 
Et to B sq {h) 
B to B 4 [i) 
E to Et 2 
KtoB 2 
E to Et 2 
Eto B 2 
E to Et 2 
EtoB 2 
E to Et 2 
Q tks Q {k) 
B to Et 5 
Et to E 3 

40 E to B 2 P to K R 4 

41 PtoEKt4 PtoR5(0 

42 Et to R 5 B to Q 3 

43 E to Et 2 

44 B to B 6 ! 

45 B tks Et 

46 E to R 3 

47 Et to B 4 

P to B 4 (m) 
Et to Et 4 
BtoE 4 
PtoQ 5 

48 Et to E 6 ch E to B 3 

49 P tks P 1 {n) P tks P 

50 Et to B 5 E to Et 4 

51 Et tks P 

52 Et to R 5 

53 Kt to B 6 

54 Et tks P 

55 Et to B 6 

56 P to R 4 

EtoB 5 
E toE 6 
KtoQ 7 

57 EttoEt4ch((?)E to E 7 
58PtoR5 BtoE2 

59 Et to Q 5 E to B 6 1 (jp) 

60 Et tks B P to Q 6 

61 Et to Q 5 

And Black resigns, {q) 

Notes from the New Orleans Times-Democrat, 

(a) Up to this point the moves are all '^ book," and identical 
with the fourth game of the match, but here, as in that game, 
Mr. Steinitz introduces an innovation upon the routine play. 
Whatever be its true value, it certainly seems better than lus 
8 B to K B sq as played in the game in question. The usual 
oontinuations are 8 P to Q 4, or preferably 8 B to R 4. 

(h) Apparently the soundest line of play. 8 Kt takes B, 
instead, would have lead to interesting but very dangerous 
complications by 9 Et to Q 5, Castles ; 10 Et takes B ch, E to 
Rsq; 11 Et takes B, Et to Q 5; 12 Et to K 7, R to K sq; 
13 Q to K sq, Et takes B P ; 14 Q to E 4 (threatening mate in 
two !), R takes Et ! ; 15 R takes R, Et takes R, &o. 

(c) Preferable, we think, would have beeai 11 P to Q Et 3^ 
followed by 12 B to Q Et 2. 

{d) An excellent move, assuring the superiority of White's 
position. The freedom of his game is now in marked contrast 
with Black's hampered and crowded situation. 

(e) If, instead, 15 B to R 3, then 16 Kt to B 6 oh, Et takes 
Kt ! ; 17 B takes Et, maintaining his advantage. 


(/) Best, we believe. 18 Kt to Kt 6 would have been wone 
than Buperfioial on aooouat of tbe repl7, 18 P to Q fi 4, after 
which the Kt could be captured with aafetf. 

Position after filack'a 20th move. FoBition after Black'a 45th more. 
Black (Mb. Zdkebtobt.) Black (Mr. Zdkbbtobt.) 

Whith (Mr. SiBiNiTZ.) Whitb (Ma Stbinitz.) 

ig) If 21 P takes P ; 22 Et takes P !, Et takes Kt ; 23 Q to 
E R i, speedil; regaining tbe piece with a manifest superiority. 

(A) Obrional; intendiug to simplify matters by an exchange 
of Queens, but Ruling under White's aggressive rejoinder. It is 
not dear, howflTor, by what means Blaok is to secure himself 

26 Kt to R 4 will not do, because of 27 B to B 5, when if 

27 B takes B; 28 Kt takes B, and Black seemingly cannot avoid 

(t) This move appears to lose the Pawn. 27 B to Q sq, 
though uncomfortable for various reasons (chief among them 
perhaps the reply, 28 B to R 3 1) seems to avoid immediate loas of 

{j) Mr. Steinitz, about this point, was no doubt hard pressed 
for time, and by this series of checks managed to get his 30 moves 
and perhaps a little over into the stipulated two hours. It is 
evident that if Black'a King go to R sq, he loses tbe Queen or is 
mated by B takes P ch and Kt to R 6. 

(fi) He baa nothing better on account of the &tal disoovered 
check threatened. 

{I) We cannot help thinking this an error of judgment Th« 
ineffectual defence of this Pawn actually costs Black all his Pawna 
on the Queen's side later on. Better to have exchanged Pawns 
and carried the King over to the Queen's side with f(ur ohanoea 
for a draw, we think. 



(m) Would not 43 Et to Et 4 at once have been stronger 1 
If then 44 B to B 6, P to R 6 ch ; 45 E to R sq, Et to B 6, &c., 
and if 44 Et to B 4 ch, E to B 2, &c. The forced exchange of 
his Et next move leaves Black virtually without resource. 

(n) Mr. Steinitz manages all of this end-game elegantly. 
The threat of E takes R P is perpetually held over Black's 

(o) Accurately timed. The Black Eing obviously dare not 
go either to B 6 or E 6. 

ip) Whether this be a blunder or not, it makes no difference, 
as his game is lost perforce in any event. 

{q) Because if 61 P to Q 7 ; 62 Et to B 3, E to E 6 ; 
63 Et to Q ch, when if 63 E to E 7; 64 Et to Kt 21, 
and if 63 E to Q 6; 64 E takes P, in either case winning 

Seventh Game, played at St. Louis, February 5th. 

(Queen's Gambit refused.) 


(Mr. Zukertort.) (Mr. Steinitz.) 
lPtoQ4 PtoQ4 

P to E 3 (a) 
Et to E B 3 
P to Q B 4 
Et to Q B 3 

2 P to Q B 4 

3 Et to Q B 3 

4 P to E 3 

5 Et to E B 3 

6 P to Q R 3 (ft) Q P tks P 

7 B tks P P tks P 

8 P tks P 

9 Castles 

10 B to E 3 (c) 

11 Q to Q 3 (d) 

12 Q R to B sq 

13 B to R 2 

BtoE 2 
BtoQ 2 
R to Q B sq 
Q to R 4 
E R to Q sq 

14ERtoEsq(e)Bto Esq 
15 B to Et sq P to E Et 3 
16QtoE2(/) BtoBsq(^) 

17 E R to Q sq B to Et 2 

18 B to R 2 Et to K 2 


(Mr. Zukertort.) (Mr. Steinitz.) 

19 Q to Q 2 (h) Q to R 3 

20 B to Et 5 Et to B 4 

21 PtoEEt4(i)Ettk8QP! 

22 Kt tks Et P to E 4 

23 Et to Q 5 (j) R tks R 

24 Q tks R 

25 R tks P 

26 R tks Et 

27 B tks R 

28 P to R 3 

P tks Et 
Et tks Et (k) 
QtoE 7 
P to E R 3 (0 

29 B to Q B 4 (m) Q to B 6 

30 Q to E 3 Q to Q 8 ch 

31 E to R 2 

32 B to E 7 

33 P to B 4 

34 Q tks B 

35 E to Et 3 

B to Q B 3 
B tks P ch 
Q to R^ch 
Q to Et 8 ch 

And White resigns. 

D 3 


Notes by C. E. Raneen. 

(a) Mr. Zukertort having found out in the fifth game of the 
match how to take advantage of Mr. Steinitz's abnormal opening, 
P to Q B 3, the latter now wisely discards it. 

(b) In Staunton's time this move was considered essential, 
but many modem first-rates deem it not only unnecessary, but 
weakening. White cannot here play P to Q Kt 3, on account of 
the reply P takes Q P and then B to Kt 5, winning a Pawn ; and 
if he plays B to Q 3 or K 2, he seems to lose a move, for Black 
may continue as in this game by exchanging the Pawns and 
isolating White's Q P. For these reasons then we prefer the 
method ofben adopted by Mr. Zukertort of bringing his B to Q 3 
and Castling before playing P to Q B 4. 

(c) He may now get rid of his isolated Pawn by pushing it 
on, but perhaps he thought that would allow too much scope to 
Black's pieces. 

(d) Here, however, we should certainly be inclined to advance 
the Q P. 

(«) The Rook would be better posted at Q sq. 

(/) White has lost time in endeavouring to get a fruitless 
attack on the adverse King's quarters, and he has now to beat a 
retreat from the line of the Rook, leaving his isolated Pawn a 
weak point. 

(g) To prevent B to R 6, and threatening also presently by 
B to Kt 2 to bring another gun to bear on the Q P. White cannot 
in answer play 17 B to Kt 5, on account of Kt takes P, 18 Kt 
takes Kt, Q takes B. 

(Ji) Too late White seeks by these manoeuvres to advance his 
troublesome Q P, which cannot now be preserved. 

(i) This is weak. His apparently best resource was 21 B takes 
Kt, and then Kt to K 4, or else, perhaps, 21 Q to K 2. (See 
diagram next page.) 

(j) Ingenious, but it does not suffice to get him out of his 

(k) By this clever move Black maintains his advantage. If 
now 26 B takes R, White loses a piece by B takes R, 27 B takes 
Kt, Q to Q 3. 

(I) If B takes P, Q to B 8 would have been an effective 

(m) Again very far from good ; the B should retreat at once 
to K 3, for of course if he took the R P, it would be at the cost of 
a piece. 

(w) The finish is beautifully played by Mr. Steinitz ; if White 
takes the B, then Q to B 6 wins at once. (See diagram.) 


Position after Black's 30th move. Foeitioii after Black's 32nd move. 
Black (Mr. Stbinit?;.) Black (M& Steikiiz.) 


White (Mr. Zukrrtoki.) 

Eighth Game, plajed at St. Louis c 



(Mr. Steinitz.) (Mr. Zukertort.) 
lPtoK4 PtoK4 

2 Et to K B 3 Et to Q B 3 
SBtoQKtfi KttoKB 
4 Oaatles 

February 8th. 

5 R to K sq 

6 Kt tks P 

7 B to Q 3 {(.) 

8 Q to R 5 

Kt tks P 
Kt toQ 3 
B to K 2 (o) 


P to B 4 (c) 



(Mr. Steinitz.) {Mr. Zukertort.) 


P toQ4 

14 B to Kt 2 

B to B3 

15 Q R to K sq 

Q to Q 3 (e) - 

16 R to K 8 


17 R tks Q R 


18 Kt to Q sq 

Kt to Kt 4 



20 Q to B sq 


21 R tks R eh 


22 Kt tks B 

And b; mutual consent the game 

was declared drawn. (/) 

9KttoQB3(rf) KttksKt 

10 R tks Kt P to K Kt 3 

11 Q to B 3 P to B 3 

12 P to Q Kt 3 Kt to B 2 

Notes by C. E. Ranken. 
(a) This move was made by the writer in his game with 
Mt. Lord in the last City of LondoD and St. George's match, and 
vas then condemned by Mr. Zukertort in the Ghees- Monthly, but 
Qov he adopts it himself. 



(5) Following the lines of the sixth match game, and intending 
of course, to develop his Q B at Kt 2 presently. 

(c) Castling looked dangerous for Black, but this move 
appears to make it safe. Had he instead played P to K Kt 3, 
then Kt takes Kt P would have won speedily. 

(d) P to K Kt 4 seems at first worth consideration, but the 
reply Kt to Kt 5 was sufficient. 

(e) We see no objection to Kt to Kt 4 and then Kt to K 5 
here ; on the contrary, we believe it would have given him some 
advantage of position, and it was probably in fear of this that 
Mr. Steinitz began next move to force exchanges. 

(/) Black remains with more command over the board than 
his opponent, but he cannot do anything with it. 


The subjoined is the ninth and last game of the second series, 

played in St. Louis, on the 10th ult. 

(Queen's Gambit declined.) 


(Mr. Zukertort.) 

1 P to Q 4 

2 P to Q B 4 (a) 

3 Kt to Q B 3 

4 Kt to B 3 

5 P to K 3 (c) 

6 B tks P 

7 P tks P (d) 

8 Castles 

9 Q to K 2 

11 BtoKB4(^) 

12 B to Kt 3 

13 Q R to B sq 

14 Kt to K 5 
16 Q to B 3 

16 B to K R 4 

17 P tks Kt 

18 K R to K sq 
ly Q to Q 3 (t) 
20 B tks B 


(Mr. Steinitz.) 

P to Q 4 
PtoK 3 
Kt to K B 3 
P tks P (h) 
P toB4 
BtoK 2 
Castles (e) 
Q Kt to Q 2 
Kt to Kt 3 
Q Kt to Q 4 
Q toR4 
B to Q 2 
K R to Q sq 
B to K sq 
Kt tks Kt (h) 
Q to B 2 
Q R to B sq 
Kt to Q 4 
Q tksB 


(Mr. Zukertort.) 

21 B tks Kt 

23 R to K 3 

24 R to Q sq 

25 R to R 3 

26 Kt to Kt 4 

27 Kt to K 3 

28 R to B 3 

29 R to Q 2 

30 R to Kt 3 

31 R to Kt 6 (Z) 

32 Q to Kt 3 

33 P to B 5 

34 R tks K P 

35 Kt to Q sq (m) 

36 Q to Kt 2 

37 Q to B 3 

38 R tks B 


(Mr. Steinitz.) 

K R to Q sq 
P to B 3 
P to K R 3 (A;) 
Bto R5 
Bto B 3 
Bto K 6 
KtoR 2 
R tks P 
R to B 8 eh 
Q to B 5 
R to Kt 8 
Q tks R (K 5) 


Notes bt C. E. Rankbn. 

(a) We do not know why Mr. Zakertort has forsaken his 
former mode of conducting the Q P opening by bringing out the 
K Kt and K B, and then Castling, before moving the Q B P. He 
adopted it successfully in the London Tourney of 1883, and it 
appears to us a stronger course than offering the gambit at once. 

(b) Mr. Steinitz in his departures from the books is nearly 
always original and ingenious, though sometimes unsound ; the 
object of the present divergence from the usual lines is to isolate 
White's Q P, but in this attempt we do not think he ought to 
have been successful. 

(c) We see no objection to regaining the Pawn by Q to R 4 ch, 
either here or at the next move. 

(d) And now surely Kt takes P was perfectly feasible, for if 
Black replied with P to £ 4, White could check with the B at 
Kt 5 before removing his K Kt. 

(e) At this point the only difiference in the present game from 
the 7th one of the match is that in the latter White had played 
P to Q R 3, and Black had brought out his Q Kt. 

(/) We prefer here either R to Q sq or B to K 3, followed in 
the former case by P to Q 5. 

(g) B to K 3, for the defence of the weak Q P, seems much 

(h) Mr. Steinitz would no doubt have avoided uniting the 
adverse Pawns if he could have done so safely, but White by his last 
move cleverly threatened either to isolate or win a Pawn by B takes 
Kt, and then Kt takes Kt, &c. ; besides which Black's Q was out 
of play, and he could not bring her to B 2 without first taking 
the Kt. 

(i) Intending probably B to B 2. 

(j) A questionable move, again leaving the Q P attackable 
and weak. 

{k) Taking the Kt would have involved him in difficulties 
which perhaps the time-limit was not sufficient to unravel ; and 
had he done so, White could at any rate, we believe, have drawn 
by perpetual check. 

(I) A very interesting position (see diagram). White now 
threatens, of course, to take P with Kt, which Black prevents by 
his next move ; he might, however, afterwards play the K to B 2, 
and upon P to B 5, retreat his Q to K 2, instead of taking B P 
with Rook, which would leave White helpless. 

(m) Kt to B sq was perhaps a little better, but it would not. 
have saved the game. 

(n) Good, and quite decisivet 



Position after White's dlst moye. 
Black (Mr. Stbinitz.) 

White (Mr. Zukkrtort.) 


Illustrative game of Diamond Chess. 
(Arrange the men as in diagram, page 97.) 


(Mr. Porterfield Rynd.) (Ed. 

1 P (K 2) to Q 3 1 

2 B to K 2 2 

3 P (K 3) to Q 4 3 

4 P (K 4) takes P (Q 4) 4 
6 P(B3)toK4 5 

6 B to B 3 6 

7 P(Ksq)toQ2 7 

8 R to Q B sq 8 

9 P (Q 2) to B 3 9 

10 P (Q 3) to B 4 10 

11 P (B 3) takes P (B 4) 11 

12 P (K 4) takes P (Q 4) 12 

13 Kt takes P 13 

14 Kt (B 2) to K 4 14 
16 P (B 4) takes P (B 5) 15 

16 Kt takes B 16 

17 QtoKKtsq(a) 17 

18 P(Q4)toQB5! 18 


IrisK Sportsman,) 

P (Kt 4) ijo B 5 

P (Q 2) to K 3 

P (B 6) takes P (Q 5) 

BtoQ 2 

P (R 4) to Kt 5 

P (Q sq) to K 2 

R to K Kt sq 

P (K 2) to B 3 

P (K 3) to B 4 

P (Kt 6) takes P (B 5) 

P (Q 4) takes P (Q 6) 

P (K B 4) takes P (B 5) 

Kt (B 2) to Kt 4 

R to K B sq 

B (Kt 3) takes P (B 4) 

Kt takes Kt 

Kt to Kt 6 

Kt takes R 



Q takes Kt 


Kt to Q 5 


R to Q Kt 2 


Kt to Kt 6 


Q to Q Kt 6q 


R to R 6 (2») 


Kt to Q 3 


P (K B 3) to Kt 4 


P (Kt 4) to B 5 


R takes P 


BtoKt 2 


QtoR 3 


Kt to Kt 4 (e) 






Q to K Kt 5 


Kt takes E 


Q takes B 


E takes Kt 


Q takes P ch 


B toR3 


Q to K. R sq 


Kt to B 4 


R to B 8 ch 


Q takes R 


P to R 5 queens 


Kt to Kt 6 ch 




Kt to Q 5 dis ch 


K to B sq (d) 


Q to R 6 ch 


K to Q sq 


Rto Kt 8 ch 


B to B sq 


R takes B mate. 


(a) Obviously if R takes Kt, R to R 8 ch wins Q. 

(b) If R to R 8, then 22 R to R 2 ch, R takes R, 23 Q takes 
R ch, K to Kt sq, 24 Kt to Q 3 threatening B takes P ch. 

(e) If R takes Kt, White can only draw. 
(d) If K to R 2 then White mates in four. 
The notation might be shortened by leaving out the parts in 
brackets when the moves of the pawns have become familiar. 


America. — The first section of the Steinitz-Zukertort match 
must have been a great disappointment to the New Yorkers, and 
especially to the enterprising Manhattan Clubmen, who had made 
every preparation for a much more prolonged and evenly fought 
contest in their midst. When therefore they found that by pro- 
digious blunders Mr. Steinitz lost one game after another, and 
that after five games only had been played, the field of battle had 
in accordance with the rules to be shifted more than one thousand 
miles to the west, they were not unnaturally chagrined at the very 
meagre result of all the trouble and expense to which they had put 
themselves. The same feeling in a different degree must have 
possessed the men of St. Louis, on realising the fact that after little 
more than a week's sojourn among them the two champions were 
t^ain obliged by the inexorable conditions to change the scene of 
action to New Orleans, another thousand miles away down the 
"Mother of Waters." This time, however, the shortness of the 


stay was not caused by flagrant oyersights on the part of either 
player, for Mr. Steinitz, who had recovered from the effects of the 
undue stram which he had put upon himself by continuing his 
editorial duties along with the hard work of the match, began to 
play in much better form, and rejecting bizarre experiments, he 
adhered (though not lacking in originality) to ordinary principles, 
and was rewarded by winning three games and drawing one without 
giving away a chance. In our last issue we interpreted the rules of 
the contest to mean, that only after the winner of the section at 
Kew York had added three games to his score at St. Louis, was the 
move to be made to New Orleans, but we now And that the rule 
applied to either player, so that with the score now standing at 
four all and one draw, there will have to be at least six games 
fought in the " Crescent City," and probably there will be a good 
many mora The issue of some of them will no doubt be known in 
this country before the present number is in the hands of our readers, 
and we will give the latest results that may arrive before we go to 
press.* The whole of the games of the second series will be found 
in this number. The play at St. Louis took place in the day-time 
at the Harmonic Hall, and at night in the rooms of the Chess, 
Chequer, and Whist Club. At the outset a board had been provided 
with red and white squares, but this was objected to by Mr. Steinitz, 
who declared himself colour-blind as to red, so that a white and 
black one had to be substituted. The players sat, as at New York, 
on an elevated platform, and the moves made were reproduced on 
a large black board for the benefit of the numerous members of the 
local clubs and visitors from a distance, of whom there was a dis- 
tinguished gathering. The American papers, as usual, by means of 
their reporters interviewed the two combatants as to their past 
history, present feelings, and future prospects, finishing up with 
endeavouring to extract comparisons between themselves and 
Morphy. Their comments upon the character of the games in the 
first part of the match have been, as might be expected, far from 
flattering, and they justly maintain that Morphy never made such 
mistakes, or played so weakly in any important contest. 

The ninth annual meeting of the New York and Pennsylvania 
Chess Association was held at Albany in the beginning of January, 
and resulted in the first prize being won by Mr. Cassidy of Albany, 
who thereby becomes President of the Association for this year. . 

A grand meeting of New Jersey players was to be held at 
Elizabeth N. J. on Washington's birthday, Feb. 22nd, with the 
object of forming a State Association. A trophy for competition 
was offered by the local club. 

* The first game played at New Orleans Feb. 26th terminated 
in a draw. March 1st, Steinitz won. Score now : Steinitz, 5 ; 
Zukertort, 4j Drawn, 2. 


The first annual winter handicap of the New Orleana Chen, 
Chequer, and Whist Cluh has receiTed 40 entriesy which is the 
largest handicap tourney ever organised in America. 

The annual dinner of the New York Chess Clnh, of which Mr. 
S. Loyd has been elected President, was a Tery brilliant gathering, 
attended by all the principal players of the '* Empire City," 
together with Messrs. Steinitz and Zakertort. The question of 
another national or international Congress was mooted by Mr. Max 
Judd, and was received with enthusiasm. 

GsBMANY. — Dr. Schmid has won the first prize in the winter 
tourney of the Dresd^ Club. There were only 12 competitorSy 
but the number of club members is 109. 

A year ago the two Chess dubs of Munich united into one 
called the *' Bavaria,*' under the Presidency of Freiherr von Harold. 
We are sorry to report that he and about 20 other members have 
now withdrawn and formed a new society entitled the ** Old Munich 
Club." This split, the cause of which we do not know, will, we 
fear, be prejudicial to the success of the Jubilee festival which is to 
take place at Munich this year. 

Holland. — ^The annual tourney of the Netherlands Chess 
Association was held recently at the Hague. The j>rizes in the 
chief tourney were gained by Messrs. van Forrest, Messemaker, and 
Benima, in the order named. A new Chess publication bearing 
the name of Morphy has appeared at Amsterdam. 

EussiA. — ^The St. Petersburg Chess Club has challenged the 
newly formed British Chess Club of London to a match by corres- 

Italy. — A Chess Circle has been established at Turin, which 
meets every evening at the Caff(6 Cairo. 

Sig. Salvioli has transferred his Chess column firom the Gfazzetia 
del Popolo of Venice to the Pungola del Domenico of Milan. We 
can only say with regard to the change, that the gain will be to 
Milan, and the loss to Venice. 

Franob. — In connection with the termination of the Paris- 
Vienna correspondence match, of which he had the chief burden, 
M. Eosenthal has been presented with a handsome watch by the 
members of the Cercle des Echecs. On February 16th M. Eosen- 
thal encountered a team of eight amateurs of the Cercle in blindfold 
play. The games were not begun till 8-45 p.m., and were all 
finished by midnight, the result being that M. Eosenthal won six, 
and two, with the Viscount de Femes and M Salcedo, were drawn. 
A Chess and Draughts column now appears every Monday in " Za 
France^* after the example of the London Morning Post. It is 
conducted by a well known and skilful player under the pseudonym 
of « F^lix Andr6. 



We remember a small boy who determined — many years ago — 
to teaoh himself the game of Chess. Staunton's '^ Handbook" was 
not yet published. The only book he could find that described 
the moves was an old copy of Hoyle's Games. He worked at the 
Chess chapter day and night for a week. By the end of that time 
he had arrived at the conclusion that Mr. Hoyle might be a great 
writer in his way, but that he was very hard to understand in 
comparison with either Euclid or Bonnycastle. If a doubtful 
word or dark expression would serve his turn he adopted it, and 
economised a better one for the possibility of a greater occasion. 
The notation of the period was a study in itself " Queen's Bishop 
to the adversary's King's Knight's fourth square " was a truly 
fordiidable way of writing what is now easily understood by 
B to K Kt 5. A series of moves so described added perceptibly 
to the difficulties of the student. To make matters worse, a 
transposition of pieces, on a solitary diagram, made the Black 
King stand, at the commencement of a game, opposite the White 
Queen, with the Black Queen on his left hand. Considerable 
confusion was the natural result, and that boy's mind was exercised 
for weeks in adjusting vague, and apparently conflicting state- 
ments to his comprehension. The correspondence column of the 
" Illustrated London News " shows even now the difficulty experi- 
enced by many learners in acquiring elementary information. 

Mr. Long sympathises with beginners, and has written his 
book primarily for their benefit. " There is nothing," he says, 
'' puzzles young players so much as such words in Chess language 
as " passed Pawn," " isolated Pawn," " doubled Pawn," taking 
Pawn " en pasaantf^* "smothered mate," "stalemate," "gambit," 
&c." There is evidence of this fact in the newspaper correspond- 
ents' report of the Steinitz-Zukertort match. Mr. Long explains 
these terms, by the aid of diagrams, with a lucidity hitherto 
unparalleled. He has great faith in diagrams ; his volume con- 
tains about two hundred. He thinks the easiest way to learn the 
openings, and to retain them in the memory when learned, is from 
diagrams ; and that, with the positions fixed before him, the reader 
can more readily " catch the spirit, strategy, and points of each 
opening." He gives a large diagram of every opening, to show its 
distinctive feature, and follows it up with a smaller diagram, 

* Peeps at the Chess Openings with Appendices, or early 
delineations popularly treated, and profusely illustrated with 
diagrams, by Thos. Long, B.A., President of the Irish Chess 
Association ; Author of " Key to the Chess Openings," " Positions 
in the Chess Openings," &c. 


frequently two, in each variation. An advanced plajer may read 
him without a Chess-board. A novice will most probably require 
one to commence with, but Mr. Long's system will soon tempt him 
to dispense with it, and so acquire a power of mental Chess 
analysis ** of incalculable advantage " in play over the board. 

Mr. Long's idea is to attract by not overweighting the learner 
too much at first, and he is probably right. He does not carry 
his variations very far into the game; the breadth of his design 
will not allow it. He launches the student into Chess society with 
all the appearance of a grand master after a very few lessons. 
Once launched he must rely on his native talent to keep up the 
show. Mr. Long leaves him at the point where " the very finest 
players differ oftener than they agree. In the mazes of the mid- 
game no book can teach. Nerve, skill, and judgment must be 
pilots in those deep intricacies which have absorbed and puzzled 
80 many intellects of the highest order in all ages and all nations." 

It is no doubt a favourite weakness of analysts to carry their 
imaginary variations too far. We have frequently heard players 
complain that their opponents did not make the book moves. 
They were, of course, wrong in the first instance to rely chiefly on 
memory. It is better for a young player after learning the pre- 
liminary moves as given by Mr. Long, to play, as often as he 
can, the openings that suit his style, and correct his play by 
subsequent reference to Cook's Synopsis or the German " Hand- 

Mr.* Long's volume is highly ornamental, and may be studied 
'^ sitting at ease at home, careering forty miles an hour in an 
express, or rocking on the lonely deep." There are five appendices 
of analysis, description, explanation, or advice ; nine pages of 
indexes, and a wonderful tail piece, representing we presume the 
state of a beginner's mind after a long course of Chess study. 
The pnce is 10s. 6d., and the publishers are Messrs. J. E. 
Wheatley & Co., Huddersfield. E. F. 


Problem Department. 

A. F. M., Jamaica.— 1 P to K 3, P one, 2 Kt to Q 8 &c., 
seems fatal to the amended version of your four-mover with sixteen 
pieces. Of the trio forwarded through Mr. P. No. I. yields to 
1 P to B 3 ch, P takes P !, 2 Kt to B 2 &c. The sui (No 4) is 
impossible with Black KtdX K B 8. We conclude it should stand 
^i K Kt 8 ] We insert No. 3 and thank you much for your 
welcome contributions. 



J. Jespenen, Denmark. — Much obliged but several require 
reconsideratioiL In the three-mover with thirteen pieces, try 1 Q 
to R 3, P ch (a), 2 E takes P &c., (a) K to K 2 or Kt 2, 2 Q to 
R 7 or 6 accordingly &o. The fiver succumbs to 1 E to B 7, K 
to R 4 ch i 2 R to Et 6, 3 K to B 6, 4 E to B 5 <bo. The idea of 
the seven-move sui-mate has become very hackneyed and your 
solution is faulty, as White can play 4 R to Et 7 instead of making 
a Enight. 

J. M., Leipsic. — We are indebted for your prompt reply about 
Herr M's problem, which puts the matter quite straight. 

J. C. B., Broughtou Ferry. — It is best to work out all available 
defences, before sending reports on the problems. See printed 
solutions, which will clear up some points where you are rather 
astray. Thanks for contributions. They shall be reported on next 

E. Wi. Winkler. — ^Owing to our current End-Game Tourney, the 
amount of space for problems has been and still is much restricted. 
Hence your and other contributions have necessarily to wait longer 
than usual for insertion. You are, however, represented in the 
present number. 


Bt H. J. C. Andrews. 

The accompanying problem was contributed to the solving compe- 
tition at the first meeting of the Yorkshire County Club and, we 
understand, remained unsolved on that occasion. 

Bt W. Grimshaw. 



White to play and mate in three moves. 


In selecting the third preliminary judge of the Mirror of 
Amenean Sports current Problem Tourney, the choice has fallen 
upon Herr B. Hiilsen of Wittenberg, one of the chief prize-winners 
in the recent Challenge Tourney of this magazine. The twin com- 
petitions in the Mirror are of the highest and most widely spread 
international interest embracing as they do so many celebrities of 
various nationalities. Especially does the Solution Tourney for the 
Championship Medal give promise of a close and exciting finish, 
there being, thus far, scarcely a pin to choose between the relative 
chances of about a dozen problematic giants who have been *' neck 
and neck " throughout the struggle. 

Probleh Tourney. — The Jemtlands Tidning announces an 
International Problem Tourney for three-movers. Conditions : — 
The competition is open to the world. Each competitor to send 
one direct mate in three moves, original, unpublished, unconditional, 
and accompanied by solution ; also motto and sealed envelope con- 
taining the author's name and address. Problems must be mailed 
on or before July 1st, 1886, and sent to Emil lindquist, Ostersund, 
Sweden. Three prizes are offered, I. 100 Francs, II. 60 Francs, and 
III. 20 Francs. Judges : Mr. A. Amell, Gothenburg; Mr. Herman 
Jonsson, Partilled, Sweden; and Eev. J. Jespersen, Hjortlund pr 
Bibe, Denmark. The problems will be published in a Solving 
Tourney in the Jemtlands Tidning, 


No. 320, by F. Healey,— 1 R to R 7, B to B 3 best, 2 P to R 4, 
B to K 4, 3 Kt to K 8 ch, Any, 4 Q mates. 

The above is author's key, but Mr. J. Pierce points out a 
shorter way, thus, 1 Kt to K 8 oh, K to K 3 best, 2 Q to K B 3, 
and Black cannot avoid mate next move. 

No. 321, by J. G. Campbell.— 1 B to Q B 2, B to Q B sq (a), 2 R 
to Q 3, P takes R, 3 B to Kt 3. (a) If Kt to B 4, 2 R to K 6, &c. 

No. 322, by J. G. Chancellor. — 1 B takes R P, B takes B (a), 
2 Q to R 8, B to K 6 or B to Kt 2, 3 R to K 5 oh, &c. (a) B to 
K 4 (6), 2 Q to K B 8, Kt to Q 2, B to B 3, or K moves, 3 Kt to 
B 3 ch, Kt to Kt 3 ch, or Q to K 3 ch ace. Ac. {h) 1 P to B 6, 
2 Q to R 2, B to K 4 or B takes B, 3 Kt to Kt 3 ch, or Q to 
Q 4 ch ace. &c. 

No. 323, by C. W. of Sunbury.— 1 B to K R 3, P takes B, 
2 Q to Q R 8, Any, 3 Q mates, with variations. 

No. 324, by W. Grimshaw.— 1 Q to Kt 3, P to Q 6, 2 Q to 
Q B 7, Any, 3 Mates accordingly. 

No. 325, by A. Cyril Pearsoa— 1 R to B sq, B to B 7 (a), 
2 R to Q B sq, <&c, (a) B to Q 4 or 6 (&); 3 Q to E 3 ch, &c. 
{b) B to R 2; E to Et b^ &c. 


No. 326, by C. Planck.—! R to Q Kt sq, Kt to B 3 or (a), 
2 Kt (B 7) to K 8 ch, K to K 2, 3 Q to B 7 ch, K to Q sq, 4 R to 
Kt 8 ch, Kt takes R, 5 Q to B 6 ch, Kt in ch, 6 K to K 5, Kt to 
B 3 mate, (a) K to K 2, 2 Q to K 8 ch, K toB 3, 3 R to K Kt sq, 
Kt to B 3, 4 B to B 3 ch, Kt to Q 5 or K 4, 5 Kt (B 7) to Kt 5, 
P takes Kt, 6 Q to K 6 ch, P takes Q mate. 

The above is author's intention, but Herr Winkler, by beginning 

1 R to Q Kt 7 and continuing mainplay as proposed, shortens 
Variation (a), thus, 1 R to Kt 7, K to K 2, 2 Q to B 7 ch, 3 Q to 
B 6 ch, 4 K to K 5, Kt must mate. 

No. 327, by B. G. Laws.— 1 R to B 6 dis ch, Q takes B, 2 Q to 
Q 3 ch, Kt to K 8, 3 Kt to B 2 ch, Q takes Kt, 4 R to B 4 dis ch, 
Q to B 2, 5 R to Q 6, Q takes B, 6 Kt to Kt 2 ch, Q takes Kt, 
7 Q to K 3 ch, Q to K 7, 8 R to K B 6, Q takes Q mate. 

No. 328, by E. N. Frankenstein.— 1 B to R 3 ch, Kt to B 4 (a), 

2 Q to Q Kt 8, P to R 4 ch, 3 K to R 3, P to R 5, 4 B to K eq, 
P to R 5 or K moves, 5 B takes Kt ch, K moves or P to B 5, 
6 K to Kt 2, P on, 7 K to R sq, P on, 8 Kt to Kt sq, P on, 9 B to 
B 3, P takes B, 10 Q to Kt 2, P takes Q mate, (a) K to Q 3, 
2 R to B 6 ch, K to Q 4, 3 B to Kt 2 ch, Kt to K 5, 4 K to R 4, 
P to R 4, 5 Q to Q 8 ch, K takes R, 6 P to R 3, K to B 4, 7 Kt 
to Kt 3 ch, K to B 3, 8 Q to Q R sq ch, K to Kt 3, 9 B to Q 8 ch, 
K to R 3, 10 Kt to B 5 ch, Kt takes Kt mate. 

No. 329, by F. Healey.— 1 R to B 6 ch, B takes R best, 2 Q to 
Q B 2, &c. 

No. 330, by 0. E. Tuckett— 1 Kt to K B 5, K takes Kt (a), 
2 Q to K Kt 4 ch, &c. (a) K to Q 4, K to K B 7, &c. 

No. 331, by J. C. Bremner.— 1 K R to Kt 6, P to K 4 (a), 
2 Q R to B 6, 3 R to B 3, &c. (a) K to K 6, 2 R to Q 6, 3 R to 

No. 332, by B. G. Laws,— 1 Q to Kt 8, R takes P ch (a), 

2 B to Q 4, R takes B ch (6), 3 K to R 3, P to R 3, Kt moves 
or P takes Kt, 4 R to R 4 ch or Q takes P, &c. (b) B to K 3 (c), 

3 Q takes R P, &c. (c) P takes Kt (d), 3 Q takes P, <ko. (d) P 
to R 3, 3 R to R 4 ch, <kc. (a) R to Kt 6 ch, 2 K to R 3, P to 
R 3 (e), 3 R to B 4 ch, P takes R, 4 Kt to K 6 ch, <fec. (e) P to 
R 4 (/), 3 Q to R 7 or 8, P to R 5, 4 R takes P ch, <fco. (/) P to 
Q 4, 3 R to Kt sq ch, Q to Kt 6, 4 R takes Q ch, &c. 


No. 329. — The chief obstacle here is the opening check which 
reminds one of old times. The after block is neat and pleasing. 
Mercutio. — I think this is very much like a two-mover with a che^ 
added and should like it better without the first move. E. S., 
Kensington.-*-£xceediQgly fine. J. A. Miles. — Neat and pleasing, 


despite the initial check. T. G. Hart. — The second move entirely 
condones the restrictive first coup in this fine problem. K. W. 

No. 330. — ^This is one of a numerous family, the members of 
which are very much alike and are, to my taste, far from entertain- 
ing. Mercutio. — Nicely and smoothly rounded offl K. W. W. — 
E^ier than many two-movers and rather tame. E. S. — Very neat. 
J. C. Bremner. — Very pretty. J. A. M. — Belongs to a difficult 
class, but forms an exception. T. G. H. 

No. 331. — Contains some clever Rook play and is strategically 
an agreeable contrast to 330. Mercutio. — This is the first four- 
mover I ever tried and its solution has given me great pleasure. 
£. S. — Poor. Like taking a cannon to shoot a tomtit. J. A. M. 
— Decidedly difficult, for though it is soon apparent R at Kt 3 
must move, his destination is a very open question. A capital 
problem. T. G. H. 

No. 332. — I found this as hard to solve as anything in 
your last tourney, except perhaps No. XXIX, which I do not 
like so well in other respects. Possibly a second solution may 
have escaped me. The narrow " shaves " are certainly numerous 
and bewildering. The strategy in the mainplay is beautiful, 
Black's arms being so cleverly turned against him. Mercutio. — 
A magnificent problem. The key-move rather obvious, but the 
threatened check on the White King diverts the solver's attention. 
J. A M. — Excellent and hard to solve. J. C. B. — A good and 
clever problem, with other difficulties besides the first move. The 
interposition of the Bishop is somewhat of a surprise. T. G. H. 

" Problem World." Two-mover, by H. J. C. Andrews. — Black's 
threatened check with Q leaves but small choice of situation for 
the absent K ; but the problem viewed as a two-mover is good and 
not at all obvious. Mercutio. — Placing the E easy, solving, the 
reverse. E. S. 

Mr. Laws' two-mover. A good specimen of its kind. Mercutio. 
— Placing the K puzzled me. After-solution comparatively easy. 
R S.— Mr. Hart observes : " Both good but not made more 
difficult by the King's absence." 


Solutions of Ekd-Games. 

: : 

No. VIL 

The author's solution is as follows :...l B to Et 8, 2 B to 
B 7 ch, 3 B to Et 6, 4 R to E B 6 dis ch, 5 R to B 5, 6 R takes 
P dis ch, 7 R to K 4, 8 R takes P dis ch, 9 R to Q 3, 10 B takes 


P dis chy 11 E to B 2, 12 E to B sq mate. There are, however, 
at least two other solutions, of which the shortest is, 1 E to Q Kt 7, 
K moves, 2 B takes P ch, K takes B (best), 3 P to Kt 6, P queens, 
(a) 4 B takes Q, K takes E, 6 P to Kt 7, P to E 7, 6 P queens, 
and mates in two more moves, (a) K moves, 4 P to Kt 7, K moves, 
5 P queens, K moves, 6 E takes P, P takes E, 7 Q to Kt 3, and 
mates next move. 

We have given these solutions for the sake of our readers, but 
the position is an impossible one, as may be seen by the fact that 
the Black Pawns, in order to be where they are, must have made 
eight captures, whereas, on account of the number of White's men 
on the board, they could only have made five. This being the case, 
the End-game, according to Eule 2, is inadmissible, and is therefore 
ruled out of the competition. Had it been worth while, we might 
have shown that in its construction it bears a very suspicious 
resemblance to an End-game by Mr. G. T. Eobertson of Philadelphia, 
which took the prize last year but one in a tourney of the Cincinnati 
Commercial Oazette. 

No. VIII. 

1 P to B 7 ch, Q takes P (best), 2 B to K 6, Q takes B, (a) 

3 Kt to B 6 ch, K moves, 4 Kt takes Q, B takes Kt, 5 K to Kt sq, 
and the game is drawn, (a) B takes Kt, 3 B takes Q ch, K takes B, 

4 K to K 2, and draws. 

No. IX. 

This ending is capable of at least four different solutions. The 
method given by the author is faulty in one variation, and not 
carried far enough in the other, but the following is a corrected 
version of it :— 1 B to B 6 ch, K to E 2 (if K to Kt sq, White 
mates in three moves by 2 Q to Q 8 ch, &c), 2EtoE8(QtoK5 
also wins, but not so simply), E takes E (if Q takes E, then 3 Q to 
K 7 wins, if Q takes P, then 3 P to B 5 wins, and if Q to Q 3 or 
B 4, then 3 E to E 8 ch wins), 3 K to Kt sq dis ch, K to Kt 3, 
4 Q takes P ch, and mates in two more moves. 

Another solution is by 1 E to E 8, Q takes E (if R takes E, 
then 2 B to B 6 ch, K to E 2 (best), 3 Q takes P ch, K to Kt sq 
(best), 4 Q to Kt 2 ch, K to B sq, 5 K to Kt sq, K to Q sq, and 
White mates in two moves), 2 B to B 6 ch, K to E 2, 3 K to 
Kt sq dis ch, K to Kt 3, 4 Q to K 7 and wins. 

The ending can also be solved by 1 Q to E 8, 1 P to B 5, 
1 P takes P, and also probably by 1 Q takes Kt, and 1 E takes B. 
Of these we do not think it needful to give demonstrations. 

No. X. 

1 K to B 3, K to B 3 (K to Q 3 leads to the same positions), 
2PtoQ4, KtoQ3(a), 3PtoQ5, KtoB4, 4KtoQ3, Kto 


Q3(6),5EtoQ4, KtoB2, 6PtoK5, KtoQ2, 7Pto 
K 6 ch, K to Q 3, 8 K to B 3, E to K 2, 9 K to Q 3, K to Q 3, 
10 K to Q 4, K to K 2, 11 K to K 5, P to Kt 5, 12 P to Q 6 oh, 
K to K sq, 13 E to B 6, P tokes P, 14 P to Q 7 ch, K to Q sq, 
15 P to K 7 eh, K takes P, 16 K to B 7, and wins, (a) P to 
Kt 5 eh, 3 P takes P, P to R 5, 4 P to Q 5 ch, K to Q 3, 5 P to 
Kt 5, K to B 4, 6 K to Kt 2, K takes P, 7 K to R 3, and wins. 
(6) P to R 5, 5 K to B 3, P to Kt 5 ch, 6 P takes P oh, K to Kt 4 
(if K to Q 3, then P to Kt 5, &c.), 7 P to K 5, and win& 

No. XI. 

This position admits of a simple mate in four moves, thus : — 
1 Q to Q 4 ch, K to R 4 (if R to B 4, 2 B to Q 8 ch, 3 Q takes 
R eh, 4 Q mates), 2 B to Q 8 ch, R takes B, 3 R takes B ch, 
P takes R, 4 Q mates. 

No. XII. 

1 Kt to B 7 ch, K to B 3 (a), 2 Kt to R 6, K to Kt 3, 3 Kt to 
Kt 4, P to R 4 (6), 4 Kt to Q 3, P to R 6 (c), 5KtoB3, KtoR4, 

6 K to Kt 2, P to Kt 5, 7 Kt to B sq, K to Kt 4, 8 Kb takes P, 
and draws. The above is the author's solution, but in this variation 
Mr. Blake has discovered a much simpler course thus : — 1 Kt to 
B 7 eh, K to B 3, 2 Kt to K 6, and the Black King is obliged to 
go back to Q 4, in order to prevent Kt to Q 4. Black is therefore 
compelled to play as best, (a) 1..., K to B 5 (if K to B 4, 
then 2 E to B 3), 2 Kt to R 6, P to Kt 5, 3 K to B sq, 
K to Kt 4 (if K to B 6, then 4 E to Kt sq, P to Kt 7, 5 Kt takes 
P, Ac), 4 Kt to B 7 ch, K to Kt 3 (best), 6 Kt to K 6, P to R 4 
(if K to Kt 4, then 6 Kt to B 7 ch, &c.), 6 K to Kt 2, P to R 5, 

7 Kt to Q 4, and draws bj taking the Pawn. (&) K to R 4, 
4 Kt to B 6 ch, K to R 5, 5 Kt takes P, P to Kt 5, 6 K to B sq, 
and draws, {c) P to Kt 5, 5 K to B sq, K to Kt 4, 6 E to Kt 2, 
K to B 5, 7 Kt to B sq, P to R 5, 8 Kt takes P, and the game is 

In variation (a) there is a minor dual at White's 5th move, 
for he may then play, in lieu of Kt to K 6, 5 Kt to Q 5 ch, K to 
B 4, 6 Kt to K 3, P to R 4 (if K to Q 5, then 7 Kt to Q sq, and 
draws by 8 Kt to Kt 2), 7 K to Kt 2, P to R 5, 8 Kt to B sq, 
followed by Kt to Q 2, &c. 


No. 8. — An oft-worked, but pretty stratagem. F. W. W. — 
The Pawn at Black's K R 2 seems unnecessary, since if White 
worked his King round to Kt 4, Black could cut off his retreat to 
the K B sq, and win. J. H. Blake. — No. 9. — ^Very fine and deep, 

D 4 


but there aie many dnals in the variations. "Archimedes.*' — 
Rather a poor lot this month. In No. 9 there are so many avail- 
able lines that I have to be content with showing the two most 
apparent ones. H. F. Cheshire. 

No. 10. — A very excellent study of a Pawn ending, requiring 
nicety and rectitude of play. I think not one of White's moves 
can be varied without risking a draw. No. 12. — It is difficult to 
decide the best moves for Black, but I think the foregoing illustrate 
all the points of the position. F. W. W. 

The author of the End-games published in November last with 
Motto " Mas Pens^es, has requested us to withdraw the same from 


J. H. Blake is the only competitor who has pointed out the 
impossibility of the position in No. 7, for which he receives 10 
marks. The End-game being thereby put hora de combat, no marks, 
of course, can be awarded for the solution of it. He has also solved 
accurately and fully. No. 8 (10 marks), and has given two solutions 
of No. 9 (13 marks). Total 68. 

H. F. Cheshire solves correctly No. 8, and gives two solutions 
of No. 9. Marks, 23— Total 70. 

^' Archimedes " gives accurately the solution of No. 8, and one 
solution of No. 9. Marks, 20— Total 67. 

F. W. W. is right in No. 8, and in his two solutions of No. 9. 
Marks, 23— Total 83. 

The same observations apply to J. Burt, except that in No. 9 
he has given three solutions. Marks, 26 — Total 85. 

We have also received solutions of No. 7 from E. Wegwitz and 
K. W. Winkler, of Leipsic, but whether for competition in the 
tourney we do not know. Anyhow, as above intimated, no marks 
can be given for solving this position, though the solutions are 

The competitors in this tourney have now apparently been 
reduced to three. Mr. Blake has accurately solved No. 10, but 
has omitted the variations. He discovers the flaw in No. 11, and 
in No. 12 he has made a discovery which invalidates one variation. 
The other he solves by a different method from the author's, but 
it is not shorter, and the duals he mentions are in reality the main 
play. Marks for No. 10, nine, for No. 11, ten, and for No. 12, 
eleven. Total, 30. Grand total, 98. 

Mr. Burt is correct in Nos. 10 and 12, and spots the inaccuracy 
in No. 11. Marks, 30. Grand total, 115. 

F. W. W. correctly solves No. 10, but omits variation (a), is 
right as regards No. 11, and gives an accurate solution of No. 12. 
Marks, 29. Total, 112. 


No. XIII — Motto : " Lorionata." 


No. XIV. —Motto : "Brittannia." No. XV. — Motto: " BrittanDia." 

White to pl>r and draw. White to piaj and irin. 



No. 33S.— Bt K. W. WINKLER No. 334.— Bt A. F. MACKENZIE. 

White to play and mate in three movM. White to play and mate in four moTU. 

Ho. 336.— Br B. HULSEN. No. 336.— By B. G. LAWS. 

White to play and force eelf-mate in fonr White to play and force self -mate in fi" 

The British Chess Magazine. 

APRIL, 1886. 

(Opening, rather Irreqular.) 

A pleasant sight to see, Alice and Maud, 
With serious looks intent, 
Over the checkered board 
On harmless mischief bent. 

The stately Maud, with rippling, nut-brown hair. 
And voice like chiming brooks ; 
Alice, as sunshine fair, 
And soft, appealing looks. 

Broken the play by lively interlude 
(And this we like the best) 
Of silvery laugh, subdued, 
That meets the sparkling jest. 

The saucy 'check,' anon the false alarm. 
The flush on Maud's fair face. 
Lend to the game new charm. 
Brightness and joy and grace. 

The fancy comes that one would like to stand 
As yon tall Knight and proud, 
Clasp'd by that gentle hand. 
To its sweet service vow'd. 

Amid the reeling squares our way to make, 
Fiird with devotion's breath. 
The serried files to break. 
And then to die the death. 

A fancy vain : the while the fight goes on, 
The busy warriors pass. 
Clash and are quickly gone, 
Till comes the coup de grace, 




And so the game is done : no doubt the play 
At times was very queer. 
Some plots went all astray, 
And some were far from clear. 

Well, there is Chess more sound and hard and deep 
That may be found elsewhere; 
Still in my heart I keep 
That picture ever fair. J. Pibrcb. 


What is a Pawn worth! This is an important question in 
Chess, and one to which it is often necessary, in actual play, to 
give a practical reply at short notice. I have before me three 
games ''for publication or otherwise." In considering how to 
treat them I notice a certain resemblance between them that may 
possibly serve in arriving at an answer to the above question. It 
is only a negative kind of answer — i,e. what a Pawn is not worth — 
for the track is soon lost in the profundities of a much broader 
and deeper question as to the value of a counter-attack. As 
however the latter is also a question that is daily being put to 
Chess-players in the course of practical play, and solved by the 
help of reason and experience, it follows that there must be firm 
ground somewhere for analytical pilgrims, and that the main 
difficulty will be to make a good beginning. 

Diagram I. 

Whitb to play his 16 th move. 


I take up the first game — an '' Evans declined" — on the 15th 
move. (Diagram I.) Black seems to have a little the best of 
the position, but White moves 15PtoKB4, P takes P ; 16 Kt 
takes Py and his adversary is placed in a difficaltj. He replies by 
Q to B 2, when White, thinking he has fairly won a Pawn, plays 
17 Q takes P, Q takes Q ; 18 Kt takes Q. Now, however, the 
move falls to Black, and he recovers the Pawn byRtoBG; 19P 
to Q 4, R takes B P ; 20 Kt to R 3, Kt takes Q P ; 21 Kt takes 
Kt, B takes Kt ; 22 Kt to Kt 5, B to B 7 ch ; 23 K to K 2, R to 
B 5 j 24 K to B 3, P to R 4. A struggle follows, not remarkable 
for anything, but Black wins in the end, and through his 16th 
move. I use this game as an example of the force of a counter- 
attack upon a position not specially arranged for defence. In the 
ordinary King's Gambit the attack is not, in theory, worth the 
augmentation it receives by the sacrifice of a Pawn, because the 
second player's position is not committed in any way, and he has 
time to adapt it to the first player's game. This makes all the 
difference. A single piece is sufficient to make havoc of the 
enemy's game if he is not prepared for it. 

The second game I quote in full, for it contains some moves as 
good as they make 'em. The opening is the Scotch Gambit; which, 
thanks to Mr. Blackbume, seems to be re-established for a time as 
a good sound game for the first player. (White) 1 P to K 4, 
(Black) P to K 4 ; 2 Kt to K B 3, Kt to Q B 3 ; 3 P to Q 4, P takes 
P j 4 Kt takes P, B to B 4 ; 5 B to K 3, Q to B 3 ; 6 P to Q B 3, 
K Kt to K 2 ; 7 Q to Q 2, B takes Kt ; 8 P takes B, P to Q 4 ; 

9 Kt to Q B 3, B to K 3—" Mephisto," I find, objects to this move, 
to which he says White may reply by 10 B to Q 3, with advantage; 

10 B to Q Kt 5, Castles (K R). Black did not see the use of 
Q to Kt 3, threatening a Pawn he did not want to take; 11 P to 
K 5, Q to Kt 3— needs must now; 12 P to B 3, P to Q R 3 ; 
13 B to Q 3, B to B 4; 14 B takerB, Q takes B ; 15 Castles (Q R), 
K R to Q sq. 

So far routine helps. Now for natural ability and vivacity of 
spirit. 16 Kt to K 2 — a graft on the Scotch thistle from the 
Evans or Giuoco — P to Q R 4, a counter-attack. White admits 
a superior obligation by making a defensive move. 17 Q to B 3, 
Kt to Kt 5, declaring his intentions ; 18 Q to Kt 3, R to R 3 ; 
19KtoQ2, PtoQB4; he has got elbow room and makes a 
bold stroke. Black '' hesitated at this move, not that there was 
anything better to be done, as far as he could see, but because he 
doubted whether he had sufficient skill and nerve to continue in 
the same style." 20 P takes P — White is not to be frightened, 
Q takes K P ; 21 B to Q 4, Q to B 4 ; 22 P to Q R 3, Kt to B 3 ; 
23 Q takes Kt P. 


The value of the first player's Q Kt P, early in the game, has 
been fixed by the all but exhaustive analysis bestowed upon the 
Evans Gambit, during the last fifty years, as equal to a fraction 
more than two moves. The player of that opening gets two moves 
for it, with greater freedom of movement ; and a very trifling ad- 
vantage in addition is sufficient to give him a won game. But 
players who persistently decline the Evans as dangerous will 
sometimes give up everything else they may have in view if the 
Pawn can be won by their own cleverness at a cost of more than 
two moves. Black has all his own way for a while, 23 ..., R to 
R 2 ; 24 Q to Kt 3, R to Kt sq ; 25 Q to B 3, R (R 2) to Kt 2 ; 
26 R to Q Kt sq, he has no heart now for enterprise until he is out 
of his difficulty, R to Kt 6 ; 27 Q to B 2, Kt takes B— White "had 
not observed the consequence of the impending check to his King, 
as affected by the present position of Black's Rook ; " 28 Kt takes 
Kt, Q to B 5 ch ; 29 K to K sq, Q takes Kt ; 30 P to B 6, R to 
K 6 ch ; 31 K to B sq, R to B sq. He cannot so well take the 
Pawn with Kt as with Rook, the former piece being more useful 
than the latter for forcing the game in this position. He thus 
induces White to advance the Pawn, which gives him the desired 
opportunity.-— 32 P to B 7, R takes P ! 

This able treatment of the position crowns his effi)rts. If 32 Q 
takes R, Black mates in a few moves by Q to Q 6 ch followe<l by 
E to K 7 ch. It is an easy problem with sundry duals. White 
soon collapses. 33 R to Q sq, R takes Q ; 34 R takes Q> R (K 6) 
to K 7 ; 35 R to Q R 4 1, Kt to B 4 ; 36 R takes P, and Black 
mates in two moves. 

Some players have only two bins for their experience ; one they 
label good play, the other bad play. They will sort White's 23rd 
move among the latter and think no more about it. Others who 
have a special bin for minor principles may, I think, increase their 
store with one to the efiPect that with the superior pieces on the 
board, and in play, the enemy's Q Kt P is not worth the loss of 
two moves if it transfers the attack to the other player. This of 
course implies that there is an attack in hand, and that it is actually 
lost through the process of winning the Kt P. 

The value of the Q Kt P being thus determined (say approxi- 
mately to be safe from criticism) the question arises whether, in 
mid-game, it is worth more or less than a centre Pawn. In the 
beginning of a game it is no doubt worth less, but its value 
improves as the game advances, and it is sometimes easier to 
queen than a centre Pawn, owing to the difficulty of getting round 
it, or to its position with regard to the enemy's King. This leads 
to my correspondent's third game. The opening is clever but 
faulty, so I commence with the position before Black's 19th 



Diagram II. 
Black to play his 19th move. 


19 (Black) Q to Kt 3; 20 (White) K to R 2, B to K 5; 
21 P to B 3, B to Q 4; 22 Q takes K P. Here we are again. 
Would a player of experience with a knowledge of good and evil, 
hut whose classifying faculty in other respects is chaos, void of 
light, distinction, and order — would such a player call this a good 
move or a bad move ] White sees nothing better than to capture 
the Pawn. He ignores the principle upon which Black acts, viz : 
to secure an attack on the castled King with four pieces. 

22..., Q R to K sq ; 23 Q to B 3, Q to Q 3 ch ; 24 K to R sq— 
K to Kt sq would be answered by Q to Kt 6, with a fine game, 
R takes P !, mate in four moves if the Rook is taken ; 25 R takes 
B, Q takes R ; 26 R to K sq— still he dare not take the Rook, 
R to Kt 6 ; 27 Q to Q 2— a nice little trap if either Rook takes 
Bishop, R takes P ch ; 28 K to Kt sq, Q takes Q ; 29 B takes Q, 
R takes R ch ; 30 B takes R, R to K 6 and wins. 

Again the Pawn won is not worth the loss of two moves and 
the attack. If this principle is sound, and a good working rule, 
something further may be built upon it. I submit it as a candi- 
date for election ; or re-election, for it is no stranger. Philidor has 
said that two lost moves are equal to a Pawn. But according to 
George Walker their value can never be estimated in this manner, 
which is saying too much seeing that they are actually being 
estimated in this manner daily by innumerable players all over 
the world. Walker's reason is that ** one lost move may cost the 
game, and you may frequently win through gaining a move." The 
way I have put the principle does not interfere with either writer. 


I have treated the argument Irom the first ptajer's point of 
view hecauae my illustrations are best adapted for this purpose. 
It will, of course, be obvious to the meanest capacity that the 
counter- attack obtained by the second player, in the three illus- 
trations given, is worth more than the sacrifice of the Fawn. 
I have in fact left a considerable marg^iu which may be filled up at 
discrettou, either by enlarging the sacrifice, or accepting a less 
clearly defined attack in exchange for it. The former appears to 
be the safer proceeding of the two, bat I cannot recommend either 
course in this paper, for in any attempt to extend the ruling, the 
relative strength of the players would have to be taken into 
account, ffot only that, but I should have to fix the exact value 
and force of an attack, and what it ought to realise in actual play. 
This depends on many things, the number ef pieces to work with, 
their freedom of movement, and the power of combining them 
with each other for attack or defence. The principle I have named 
ia the first step of a series of which the highest is out of sight from 
the present standpoint. The kindly light of explanatory games is 
requisite to facilitate farther progress. 

No. XVI — Motto: "ueXn-roj- ivBev." No. XVII. — Motto : "atXnop MivJ 





Played in the Correspondence match between Irish C. A. and 

Sussex C. A. 

(Ray Lopez.) 


Mr. H. Erskine 

(S. 0. A.) 

2 Kt to K B 3 

3 B to Kt 5 

4 Kt to B 3 

6 Kt tks P 

7 Kt tks Kt 

8 B to Q 3 (ft) 

9 Castles 


Mr. Morphy 

(I. C. A.) 
Kt to Q B 3 
P to Q 3 (a) 
BtoQ 2 
P tks Kt 


Mr. Morphy 
(L C, A.) 

10PtoKR3(c) PtoKKt3(c«) 
llPtoKB4 PtoQ4 
12 P tks P («) P tks P 


Mr. H. Erskine 

(S. C. A.) 
13QtoB 3 
14 P to B 5 
15BtoKB4(^)Q toB4ch 

16 K to R sq Q R to Kt sq 

17 Q R to Kt sq Kt to R 4 

18 B to R 6 B to Q 3 (^) 

19 B tks R R tks B 

20 Kt to K 2 P to Q 5 ! 

21 Q to Kt 4 (i) Q to K 4 
22KtoKtsq RtoKsq!(y) 


23 P tks PI 

Resigns, {k) 


(a) Either Kt to Q 5 (as played by Mr. Pierce against me) or 
B to Kt 5 preferable. 

(b) Similar position brought about by Philidor's Defence, 
thus :— 1 P to K 4, P to K 4, 2 Kt to K B 3, P to Q 3, 3 P to 
Q 4, Kt to K B 3, 4 Kt to B 3, P takes P, 6 Kt takes P, Kt ta 
B 3, 6 Kt takes Kt, P takes Kt, 7 B to Q 3 ; except that Black's- 
B is not out at Q 2. , 

{c} Making matters safe at home before adyancing* 

(d) Preparing to receive the attack en echSlon, 

(e) The Black Kt would go to R 4 in answer to P to K 5. 
(/) Black's last two moves appear to be part of a well laid 

plan of campaign. 

(g) It is loss of time to halt here inasmuch as B takes P can- 
not be played on move 17 because of P to Q 6, and if 18 Kt to K 4, 
B takes Kt, ^c, therefore the march to R 6 should have been 
completed without a break. 

(h) The height or rather the depth of fine military strategy. 

(i) Too late White realises the force of Black's clever manoeu- 
vres. B to K 4 would lose a piece on account of Q to K 4. 

(J) Another grand movement, which may be said to secure victory. 

(k) Because, as announced by Black, if 24 K to B 2, B to 
Kt 6 ch wins. 




One of a dozen simultaneoas games played at Worcester on the 

9tb December, 1885. 

(Scotch Gambit) 


(Mr. Blackbnrne.) (Mr. F. G. Jonea.) 
lPtoK4 PtoK4 

3 Kt to K B 3 Kt to Q B 3 

3 P to Q 4 P tks P 

4 Kt tks P Kt to B 3 

5 KttoQB3(a)BtoKt5 

6 Kt tks Kt Kt P tks Kt 

7 B to Q 3 Castles 

8 Castles P to Q 4 

9 P tks P (6) P tks P 

10 Kt to K 2 B to Kt 5 

11 PtoKB3(c) BtoB4ch 

13 K to R sq 

13 B to K Kt 5 

14 Kt to Kt 3 

15 B tks B 

16 R toK sq 

17 P to K B 4 
18Q toB3 
20 Q R to K sq 

BtoK 3 
B toK 2 
Kt to K sq 
Kt to Q 3 
Q to Q 2 (d) 
PtoK B 4 
Kt to K 5 (e) 


(Mr. Blackbnrne.) (Mr. F. G. Jones.) 

21 Kt to B sq Q R to Kt sq 

22 P to Q Kt 3 R to B 3 

23 B tks Kt (/) B P tks P 
24QtoK3 QRtoKBsq 

25 P to Kt 3 P to Q 5 

26 Q tks K P (^) B to Q 4 

27 R tks B Q tks R 

28 Q tks Q {h) P tks Q 

29 R to Q sq 

30 R to Q 2 (0 

31 R tks P 

32 P to Q R 4 

33 K to Kt sq 

34 R to Q 3 

35 R to K B 3 

36 K to Kt 2 

37 K to R 3 

RtoQ B3 
Q R to B sq 
PtoQ 5 
R to Kt 7 ch 
R toB6 

38 K to Kt 4 0') P to R 4 ch 
And White resigns. 

NoTBS BT C. K Rankbn. 

(a) The usual course is to take the Kt, and then play B to 

(b) P to K 5 yielded a specious but an unsound attack. 

(c) We prefer P to Q B 3 followed by Q to B 2. 

(d) The correct move, for Q to B 3 would be met by P to B 5. 

(e) Very well played. Black has now the better position. 
(/) This exchange turns out badly for White, but he seems 

to have no good move here. 

(g) Purposely, it seems, giving up the exchange, for if the 
Queen retreats. Black's centre Pawns must ultimately win. 

(h) The opening of the Bishop's file proves disastrous by 
letting in Black's Rooks, so that K to Kt sq was better than 
exchanging Queens. 

(i) He should rather have taken the Pawn at once. 

(j) Probably an oversight, but the game was already lost. 




Played Jan. 30th, 1886, in match Grimsby versus Hull United 

Liberal Club, at Hull 

(Q B P Game.) 


Mr. J. Parker Mr. F. F. Ayre 


2 Et to K B 3 

3 P to B 3 

4 B to Et 5 

5 Castles 

7 B to B 2 

8 P to Q 4 

9 P to Q 5 

PtoK 4 
Kt to Q B 3 
B to B 4 (a) 
Q toE 2 
P to Q R 3 (6) 
P to Q Et 4 
PtoQ 3 
B to Et 3 
Et to Q sq 

10 P to Q R 4 (c) B to Et 2 


12 R tks R 

13 B to Q 3 
U P tks P 

15 Et to R 3 

16 B to Et 5 

17 B tks Et 

18 B tks P 

19 B tks B 

20 Et to B 4 

21 Et to E 3 

P tks P 


P to Q B 3 


Et to E B 3 




Et tks B 

Bto B2 

Et to E 2 

22 Et to Q 5 (d) Et tks Et 

23 Q tks Et P to Et 4 (e) 

24 P to R 3 

25 Q to B 6 

26 Q to Q 7 

27 Q to B 5 (g) 

28 P tks Q 

29 R to Q sq 

30 Et to Q 2 

31 Et to E 4 

B to Et sq 
Q to B 5 (/) 
P toB3 
R to B sq 
Eto B 2 
E toE 2 


Mr. J. Parker Mr. F. F. Ayre 


32 P to B 3 

33 E to B sq 

34 R to Q 2 

35 E to E 2 

36 P to Q Kt 4 

37 K to Q 3 

38 Et to B 5 

39 E to B 2 

40 E to B sq 

41 E tks R 

42 E to Q 3 

R to Et 3 
R to R 4 
R to R 8 
PtoQ 4 
Rto R 6 
R to R 7 oh 
Rtks R 
EtoQ 3 
Bto R 2 

43 Et to Et 7 eh E to B 2 

44 Et to R 6 E to Et 3 

45 P to Q B 4 

46 E to E 4 

47 P to B 6 

48 E to Q 5 

49 P to Et 5 

50 P to Et 6 

51 P to B 6 eh 

52 P to B 7 
>&3 P tks B 

P to Q 6 (h) 
KtoB 2 
EtoQ 2 
B to Et sq 
BtoB 2 
B to Et sq 
E toBsq 
E to Et 3 

54 E to E 6 

55 Et to B 4 ch K to B 4 

56 Et to Q 2 E to Et 5 

57 E tks B P K to B 6 

58 Et to E 4 ch E to B 7 

59 K tks E P P to Q 6 

60 P to B 6 P to Q 7 

61 Et tks Q P E tks Et 

62 P to B 7 Resigns. 

Notes by E. Fbebborouqh. 

(a) An inferior defence condemned long ago by Staunton, 
P to Q 4 is quite good enough. 



(h) Boden introduced 5 P to B 3 in this position and played 
it against Morphy. It provides a square at K B 2 for the Q Et, 
via Q sq. To drive the White Bishop to Q B 2 is playing his 
opponent's game. 

{c) A formidable move when unprepared for. The present 
game shows what may be made of it. 

(d) White's system, as will be seen, is to maim his antago- 
nist and then kill him by inches, with the alternative counselled 
by Giant Despair that '' as he is not likely to come out of that 
place the best way is to make an end of himself." 

(e) So far he has been struggling with the difficulties inci- 
dental to his 5th and 6th moves. His object now should be to 
dislodge White's Queen. There is an objection to advancing the 
side pawns when the other side is weak ; the White King ultimately 
gets round them. 

(f) R to Q sq would give him an important time to place his 
E in the second line, thus : — 26 R to Q sq ; 27 Q to B 5, Q takes 
Q ; 28 P takes Q, P to B 3 ; 29 Et to Q 2, E to B 2 ; and Black 
has now three pawns in play. 

(g) White plays for an end-game on the principle alluded to 
in note {d). Black's '' agony " is prolonged for 35 moves 1 

(h) This is the chief point of interest. Black hopes for a 
chance of giving his Bishop for two pawns, . and then going to 
queen. P takes P seems better for drawing purposes, but. is not 
so good as it seems. 


Played by correspondence February to April, 1885, iu Mr. Nash's 


(Scotch Gambit.) 


Mr. H. F. Cheshire Mr. J. H. Blake 
(Hastings.) (Southampton.) 

1 P to E 4 

2 Et to E B 3 

3 P to Q 4 

4 Et tks P 

5 B to K 3 

6 P to Q B 3 

7 P to E B 4 

8 P to E 5 

PtoE 4 
Et to Q B 3 
P tksP 
Q toB 3 
E Et to E 2 
QtoR 3 


Mr. H. F. Cheshire Mr. J. H. Blake 
(Hastings. ) (Southampton. ) 

9 Q to Q 2 

10 Et to Et 5 

11 QtksB 

12 Et tks B P 

13 Et to Et 6 

B to Q 2 (a) 
Castles E R 
Q R to B sq 
Et to B 4 
P to Q R 3 

14 Q to Q 2 {h) 

15 E Et to R 3 Et to Et 6 

16 P tks Et Q tks R 



17 Q tks P (c) 

18 Et to Q 2 

19 Kt to B 2 

20 Q to K 4 

21 K tks R 

22 K to Q 3 

B to Et 5 
Q to Et 8 
R tks Et 
Q to B 7 ch 
R to Q sq ch 

With this move Black sent a 
series of yariationsdemonstrating 
a win however White proceed ; 

and the latter resigned without 
making his reply. The move 
upon which he had relied in 
playing his E to Q 3 was of 
course 23 Et to Q i, but then 
follows 23 Et takes Et, 24 P 
takes Et, B to B 4, winning the 
Queen or mating in four moves. 


(a) This move was suggested by Mr. Ranken in notes to a 
game of his own published in the B. C. M. for May, 1882. 

(b) He provides against the advance of Black's Q P. 

(c) Letting in the Black Rook upon his uncastled Eing- 
fatal error. 



From the New Orleans Times-Democrat^ Feb, 28th, 1886. 

Preparations for the great match at the local club were pushed 
actively throughout the past week by the special managing com- 
mittee, consisting of Col. E. J. Hamilton, chairman. Prof. J. L. 
Cross, and Messrs. James G. Blanohard, H. F. Warner and James 
D. S^guin. By Friday afternoon, the date appointed for the 
resumption of play, everything was in due order for the grand 
contest, and as members began dropping in by twos and threes 
from a comparatively early hour, by noon the Chess-room of the 
dub, which had been converted into the auditorium, was filled 
with animated groups of Chess-players and other members discus- 
sing the coming battle. Among those present then or during the 
course of the play, besides the managing committee and Hon. Chas. 
F. Buck, president of the club and referee, were nearly all the 
most prominent devotees of Ciussa in New Orleans, including 
Messrs. Jas. McConnell, Durant da Ponte, A. E. Blackmar, B. G. 
Barton, R. C. Hyatt, and Chas. A. Maurian, who may be said to 
represent the veteran remnant of the Morphy days of New Orleans 
Chess, and a large number of the younger or later generation of 
players, such as Messrs. L. L. Labatt, C. 0. Wilcox, F. C. Eaczo- 
roBki, F. Claiborne, L. Claudel, B. C. Elliott, Geo. D, Pritchett, 


H. E. Barton, H. Ernst, Dr. J. B. Elliott, Geo. Le Sassier, Charles 
Janvier, John A. Wogan, I. K. Small, D. P. Larue, R. Schmidt, 
and many others. AH was expectation, and the prayer was as 
universal as the contrary fear that another Ruy Lopez would not 
balk the audience of the wished-for excitement of a lively game. 

By mutual agreement between the two masters, the hour for 
beginning play had been changed from 2 p.m., as fixed in the New 
York and St. Louis sections of the match, to 1 p.m., in order to 
permit an earlier arrival of the dinner adjournment, if necessary, 
and promptly at the appointed time both gentlemen appeared 
upon the field of battle. Mr. Steinitz selected Mr. Femand Clai- 
borne as his umpire, and at Dr. Zukertort's request Mr. Charles 
A. Maurian acted upon his behalf. At a few minutes after 1 
o'clock Col. Hamilton, the chairman of the managing committee, 
advanced to the edge of the elevated platform in the reading-room 
of the club, and in a few brief remarks announcing that play in 
the great match was about to be resumed, requested strict silenoe 
upon the part of the numerous crowd assembled. At the same 
moment the two players took their seats at the elegant table, and 
at 1-10 p.m. Mr. Steiuitz, to whom, in the sequence of the games, 
the move now fell, pushed his Pawn to King's 4th, and in tilting 
down his own clock set his adversary's in motion. But his pendu- 
lum had scarcely time to swing before Dr. Zukertort replied with 
the same move, and as rapidly as the little balances could be 
oscillated, the opening moves of a Ruy Lopez were made by the 
players, and displayed upon the mammoth board before the 
audience. There was half a sigh of disappointment from the 
lovers of lively games : for once the expected had happened, and 
they consoled themselves with the hope that some startling novelty 
might be developed by the Bohemian Caesar, whose liking for the 
unusual was a well understood fact. But they were doomed to be 
disappointed. Dr. Zukertort adopted the favourite Berlin Defence 
of his preceptor, Anderssen. Mr. Steinitz castled at his fourth 
move, and the game rapidly drifted into a position very analogous 
to the early situations in the sixth and eighth games of the match, 
the first striking deviation consisting in Mr. Steinitz abandoning 
his coup of 8 Q to R 5, as played in the latter, and proceeding 
with 8 Q Kt to B 3. 

The moves up to this point had been made almost as rapidly 
as at the opening, but now the intervening pauses grew more pro- 
tracted, and an opportunity was afforded to and indulged in by 
the spectators for a physiognomical study of the two masters. 
Steinitz had his seat with its back to the light coming in from the 
Baronne street windows, and played with the white men. He sat 
on the edge of his chair, leaning forward, his hands on his knees, 
while Zukertort rested his head on his hand, his elbow being sup- 


ported by the arm of his chair. Zukertort apparently took things 
easy, judging from his position when the game opened. He leaned 
back in his chair with his legs crossed, his head a little inclined to 
one side. The movements of his hand were quicker and more 
nervous than those of Mr. Steinitz, whose actions appear to be 
more lethargic. The short compact figure of the latter, his ruddy 
face and ruddier whiskers, his slow respiration, were in marked 
contrast with Dr. Zukertort's slighter form, darker hair and 
whiskers, clear white face and sanguine nervous temperament. 
The doctor looked as if ready for the ladies' saloon ; Mr. Steinitz 
as better prepared for a walk with a male friend. The doctor's 
black coat fitted him neatly, his opponent's gray hung loosely on 
his shoulders. Mr. Steinitz's constant companion, a rough knobby 
stick, was indicative of his tough, stubborn disposition as a Chess 
combatant. Dr. Zukertort scanned the board with quick, sharp 
glances, his gaze roving rapidly from one part to another ; Mr. 
Steinitz kept his eyes glued to a particular section of the field, 
and after being apparently satisfied with his inspection, slowly 
shifted them to another. Dr. Zukertort frequently rose from his 
chair, walked to the windows and gravely contemplated the moving 
panorama of Canal street ; Mr. Steinitz never left his seat, and 
only interrupted his cogitations to whisper to his second or sip the 
chocolate ice-cream at his side. One player seemed all nervous 
force and rapid perception ; the other, sdl phlegm and deep-seeking 
meditation. The contrast was striking. 

But the game itself proved in the main an uneventful one. 
There was a glimmer of a novelty and perhaps an oncoming attack 
at Mr. Steinitz's 11th move, B to R 3, and a momentary ripple of 
surprise among the audience as Dr. Zukertort played his 13th 
move of Kt to E 5 ; but a rapid liquidation of forces ensued, and 
after the doctor's 17th move, Q to Kt 2, he looked up quietly at 
his opponent, and with half a smile asked : ''Are you going to play 
for a win now 1 " His adversary replied that he would continue a 
little further and see, but exchanging Queens perforce upon the 
instant, a few more moves resolved the game into a clear eventual 
draw, which was thereupon mutually agreed to by the players. 

Tbnth Gahb. 

(Ruy Lopez.) 


(Mr. Steinitz.) (Mr. Zukertort.) 

lPtoK4 PtoK4 

2 Kt to K B 3 Kt to Q B 3 

3 B to Q Kt 5 Kt to K B 3 

4 Castles Kt tks P 


(Mr. Steinitz.) (Mr. Zukertort.) 

5 R to K sq Kt to Q 3 

6 Kt tks P B to K 2 

7 B to Q 3 Castles 

8 Kt to Q B 3 (a) Kt tks Kt 



9 B tks Kt 

10 P to Q Kt 3 

11 BtoR3 

13 B P tks R 

14 B tks B 

15 Q to R 5 (e) 

P to Q B 3 

R to K sq (6) 
B to B sq (c) 
Kt to K 5 (d) 
Kt tks Kt 
P to K Kt 3 

I6Q toK5 

17 Q tks Kt 

18 Q tks Q oh 
19PtoK 4 

20 R to K sq 

21 K to B 2 

Drawn Game. 

Q to Kt 2 
K tks Q (/) 
P toQ 3 
BtoQ 2 
R to Ksq 

NoTBS BT C. K Bankbn. 

(a) At this pointy in the eighth game of the match, Mr. 
Steinitz played Q to R 5 ; but the sally was evidently premature, 
his Queen being speedily driven back. 

(b) B to B 3 appears to be also a perfectly feasible 

(e) Mr. Zukertort holds the opinion that the Ruy Lopez 
opening ought to lead to a draw, and his conduct of the defence 
in this and the eighth game certainly confirms that idea. 

{d) Cleverly played for the purpose mentioned in the last 

Position after Black's 13 th move. 

Blaok (Mr. ZuEBirroBT.) 

White (Mr. Steinitz.) 

(e) This saves the isolation of his Q P, for, of course, if K 
takes B, the W Q checks at Q B 5. 

(/) After the exchange of Queens, the game i9 evidently 



Eleventh Game, played March Ist. 

(Doable Ray Lopez Knight's Game.) 


(Mr. Znkertort.) 

2 Kt to K B S 

3 Et to Q B 3 

4 B to Q Kt 5 

5 Castles 

6 Kt to Q 5 

7 P tks Kt 

8 P tks Kt 

10 B to Q 3 (df) 

11 P to Q Kt 3 

12 B to Kt 2 {e) 

13 B to Q B sq 

14 B to K B 4 

15 Q R to K sq 

17 B tks P oh 

18 Q to R 5 eh 

19 R to K R 3 

21 Q to R 5 oh 

22 Q to R 8 ch 


(Mr. Steinitz.) 
PtoK 4 
Kt to Q B 3 
B to Q Kt 5 
Kt tks Kt (h) 
P to K 5 (c) 
Q P tks P 
BtoQ 3 
Q to K Kt 4 
Q toQR 4 
BtoK 3 
K R to K sq 
B to Q 4 (/) 
K to Kt sq 
P to K B 3 
KtoB 2 


(Mr. Znkertort.) (Mr. Steinitz.) 
23 Q to R 5 ch K to B sq 

K toB 2 
KtoB 2 
KtoB 2 
K to B sq 
KtoB 2 
K to K 2 {h) 
K to B sq 

24 Q to R 8 ch 

25 Q to R 5 ch 

26 Q to R 8 ch 

27 Q to R 5 ch 

28 Q to R 8 ch 

29 Q to R 5 ch 

30 Q to R 8 ch 

31 Q to R 5 ch 

32 R to K 3 ch 

33 QtoR8 ch {i) B to Kt sq 

34 B to R 6 R to K 2 

35 R tks R K tks R 

36 B tks Kt P Q to K B 4 

37 R to K sq ch K to B 2 

38 B to R 6 Q to R 2 

39 Q tks Q B tks Q 

40 P to Q B 4 P to Q R 4 

41 B to K 3 

42 R to Q sq 

P to Q B 4 

And White resigns. 

NOTIBS BT C. £. Ranksn. 

(a) It is refreshing to have a change from the monotony of 
tiie Ray Lopez and Qaeen's Gambit, and the usual dulness of the 
Four Knights' Game will not be found in this one. 

(hj Of course Kt takes P would lose a piece, and if, to avoid 
this danger, the B retreats to B 4, White can obtain a strong 
attack by P to Q 4 and B to K Kt 5. 

(c) A move played by Mr. Gunsberg against Mr. Ranken in 
the Vizayanagram Tourney. (See B. C. M. vol. IIL, p. 260.) The 
usual move is Kt to Q 5, which leads to very drawy positions. 

(d) Taking a lesdf out of Mr. Steinitz's book, but it does not 
pay here, and B to B 4 was decidedly preferable. 

(e) The giving up of the Q P, and the subsequent attack, 
which was evidently part of the idea, turn out to be unsound. 



Black, however, threatened Q to K 4, and this could have been 
prevented by either RtoEsqorQtoKS. 

(f) Forcing the adversary's hand by compelling him either to 
submit to unwelcome exchanges or to pursue a hazardous attack ; 
under which circumstances Mr. Zukertort is not the man to 

Position after Black's 19th move. 
Black (Mb. Stbinitz.) 


Whita (Mr. Zukbbtobt.) 

(g) A glance at the diagram which we give here will show 
that, by exchanging Bishops and then playing P to Q B 4, White 
can now recover his lost piece, with some attack left, and a good 
chance of a draw. 

(h) In his reluctance to bring the King to this square before, 
Black, we suppose, was influenced by considerations of time-limit ; 
but if so, he gave his opponent the power of claiming a draw by 
repetition of moves. This, however. White disdains to do. 

(i) Up to this move he may still recover his piece by B 
takes B and P to Q B 4, though not now so advantageously. 

From the N&id Tork Herald, Thursday, March 4th, 1886. 

New Orleans, March 3rd, 1886. — The twelfth game in the 
great Chess match was played to-day and resulted in another 
victory for Steinitz, who again essayed his favourite Buy Lopez 


opening, playing a safe game from the start, risking nothing and 
keeping the contingency of a draw well in hand, but being on the 
alert to take advantage of the slightest blunder on the part of his 
opponent. This occurred on the twenty-fifth and thirty-fourth 
moyes, and decided the ^me in favour of Steinitz. It was a most 
interesting struggle, and was greatly admired by the spectators, 
who consider it the finest game of the match. 

There was an unusually large attendance, among whom were 
many of Morphy's old antagonists, as well as veterans who had 
witnessed the famous match for $2,000 which was played here 
forty-one years ago between the New Orleans champion, Eugene 
Rousseau, and Charles H. Stanley, of New York, which was won 
by Stanley by the score of 15 to 8. 

From the New Orleans Timei- Democrat, Thursday, 

March 4th, 1886. 

At {he twenty^sixth move the spectators began to get excited 
over the fact that Steinitz had only nine minutes left of the two 
hoars in which the rules of the match required thirty moves to be 
made, while he had five moves yet to make. '^ Would he do it ) ** 
That began to be the general enquiry, and a good many said he 
would not. Certainly he could not without playing at a faster 
rate than was usual with him. 

At the twenty-eighth move he had but two minutes left and 
three moves still to make. He took over a minute and had but 
some fifty seconds left him for two moves. He took his last 
second, but made the thirtieth move in the requisite time, captur- 
ing a Pawn from the doctor as he did so. They were now even in 
point of number and value of men, each having lost two Pawns, 
the Queen, a Bishop and a Knight, but Zukertort, in the next 
move, captured a Pawn, for which Steinitz got nothing in return. 
True, he immediately took the doctor's second Knight, but sacri- 
ficed his own to get it. 

But from this point on the doctor began to weaken visibly. 
In the thirty-second move Steinitz cried " Check " with his Rook, 
capturing a Pawn and making the men even again as he did so. 

Now Black and White had each remaining five Pawns, both 
Rooks, and a Bishop. It was five o'clock, the last few moves 
having been very long ones, and it was thought by many the 
game would be a draw. 

Suddenly Steinitz commenced a furious onslaught. Zukertort 
eagerly joined him, and they appeared almost to be hurling pieces 
indiscriminately off the board. Each man made five moves con- 
siderably inside the space of a minute, and the score-keeper was 
entirely unable to follow them. The clatter of the falling pieces 

E 2 



caused an exoitemeDt, and the spectators, failing to see the results 
posted immediately on the score board, crowded around the door- 
way as closely as the barrier of rope would permit them, and 
mounted ou chairs to gaze upon the battlefield. 

The skirmish had been disastrous to both sides, with a little 
the worst of it to Dr. Zukertort. He had lost his two Books, his 
Bishop, and two Pawns, while Steinitz had lost his Bishop, both 
Rooks, and one Pawn. The board now looked very bare, there 
being but nine Pawns upon it, in addition to the Kings, five of 
which belonged to Mr. Steinitz. 

In a few minutes the correct moves made were ascertained 
from Mr. F. Claiborne, who is acting as umpire for Mr. Steinitz, 
and duly posted on the score board. 

An eager discussion in subdued whispers followed among those 
who had been awaiting it, and the chances of Zukertort getting 
out of the case he was now in were admitted to be very slim. 
Steinitz had not only the advantage of numbers but of position, 
and there was really little difficulty in his sending up his Pawn 
and getting a Queen once more. One or two moves were made 
after the affray, and then Black threw up the sponge, leaving the 
match score six to Steinitz, four to Zukertort, and two draws. 

The game lasted 4 hours and 14 minutes, of which time Mr. 
Steinitz consumed 2 hours 39 minutes, and Dr. Zukertort 1 hour 
35 minutes. 

Twelfth Gamb. 
(Ruy Lopez.) 


(Mr. Steinitz.) 

1 P to K 4 

2 Kt to K B 3 

3 B to Kt 5 

4 Castles (a) 

5 R to K sq 

6 Kt tks P 

7 B tks Kt 

8 Q to K 2 (&) 

9 P to Q 3 (c) 

10 Kt to Q 2 

11 PtoQB3 

12 Kt to K 4 

13 B to B 4 

14 P to Q 4 

15 Kt to B 5 

16 Q Kt to Q 3 


(Mr. Zukertort.) 
PtoK 4 
Kt to Q B 3 
Kt to B 3 
Kt tks P 
Kt to Q 3 
BtoK 2 
Q P tks B 
BtoK 3 
Kt to B 4 
R to K sq 
Q R to Q sq 
Kt to Q 3 (d) 
B to Q B sq 
P to B 3 


(Mr. Steinitz.) (Mr. Zukertort) 

17 Kt to Q Kt 4 Q to Kt 4 (e) 

18 Q tks Q Kt tks Q 
19KKttoQ3 BtoKB 4(/) 
20 P to Q R 4 Kt to Q 3 

21 P to R 5 

22 P to R 6 (g) 

23 Kt tks B 

24 R to K 3 

25 Q R to K sq R to Q 2 (i) 

26 Kt to Kt 4 P to Kt 4 

Kt to Kt 4 
Q B tks Kt 
P to Q Kt 3 
K to B 2 (70 

27 B to Kt 3 

28 P to K B 4 

29 Kt to B 6 

30 P tks Q P 

31 R to K 5 

32 Kt tks Kt 

P to K B 4 
P to B 4 0') 
P tks Q P 
K to B sq 
Kt tks P (A:) 
R tks Kt 




33 R tks P ch 

34 P tks P 

35 R tks B . 

36 B tks R 

37 B to B 3 (w) 

38 B tks R 

K to Kt 2 
B to B 4 (0 
R tks R ch 
K to Kt 3 
P tksB 

39PtoR4 KtoB4 

40KtoB2 KtoK5 

41 K to K 2 P to B 4 

42 P to Q Kt 3 (n) K to K 4 (o) 

43 K to Q 3 K to B 5 

44 P to Q Kt 4 Resigns. 

Notes by C. E. Rankbn. 

(a) It is remarkable that Mr. Steinitz has never adopted in 
this match the form of the Ruy Lopez in which he used to be so 
successful, viz : — 4 P to Q 3, and 5 P to Q B 3, for it is justly 
regarded as one of the strongest modes of development. 

(b) White's last move was a recurrence to well-worn book 
lines, but this, as far as we know, is a novelty, its object being to 
keep up a pressure on the King's file, and to prevent Black from 
immediate castling by threatening in that case to take Q B P 
with Kt. 

(c) As this Pawn very shortly goes on to Q 4, we see no 
reason why it should not do so now. 

(d) Black is rather cramped, but he dares not try to free 
himself by P to B 4, on account of P to B 4 in reply, winning the 

(e) Q to K 3 seems better, for this puts the B Kt out of play. 
The manoeuvring for position of the middle game has not been 
very interesting, but the end-game amply makes up for any 
previous dulness. 

(/) He should first, perhaps, have driven the Kt by P to 
Q R 4, thereby making a retreat for his own Kt at R 2 if needed ; 
then by B to K B 4 and B to Q 3 he would obtain a perfectly 
even partie. 

(g) The advance of this Pawn exercises a considerable efiect 
upon the fortunes of the day, and it could have been prevented as 
we just now showed. 

(h) The natural course was to play the B to Q 3, and the 
only reason why Mr. Zukertort does not take it appears to be, 
that he wished to keep his Bishop in order to prevent Kt to 
Q Kt 4, and also that he might himself be able to push the P to 
Q B 4 at the right moment. 

(i) From the consequences of this bad move he never recovers. 
B to Q 3 was the only safe line now. 

0) Ingenious, and evidently his best resource. We give an 
illustration of the position here. 

{k) Of course this was part of his plan ; if Kt to (^ 3, White 
can change oflf the pieces, and then take the K Kt P. 


(I) Again, cleverly played, for if B Ukw R, there foUoira 
B to Q 8, double check and mate. White's rejoinder, however, is 
quite equal to the ocoauoo, aod thence Munea a very iDterestiiig 
Pawn ending. |,See Diagram.) 

FoBitioD after Black's 28th mova Position after Black's 31th move. 
Black (Ma Zuebbtobt.) Black (Mr. Zukbbtobt.) 

WmTB (Mr. Steinitz.) White (Mr. Stbinfts.) 

(m) Mr. Zukertort had probably overlooked this move in hia 

(n) White can also win by P to B 6, but perhaps less soi«i- 

(o) If K to B 6, then 43 K to Q 3, whereupon, whether Bla(dc 
pUys his K to Kt S or E 4, White wins by 41 P to Kt 3. 


From the New Orleans Timu- Democrat, March 7th, 1886. 

Friday's game, it is safe to say, proved the bast contested and 
most exciting of the match. Dr. Zukertort, as first player, onoe 
more retumml to his favourite 1 P to Q 4, following it up, as in 
the previous games of the match, with 2 P to Q B 4, and Mr. 
Steinitz declined the gambit with the normal replies I P to Q 4 
and 2 P to E 3. As in the last three Queen's gambita. Dr. Zuker- 
tort then developed the Q Kt at B 3, and his adversary answered, 
as oana), with S Kt to B 3, but great was the suiprise among the 
on-lookera when White chose for his fourth move the good <dd- 


time continuation B to K B 4, fiiTOorite with Harrwitz and approTod 
by Morphy, but rather condemned by Staunton and other analysts. 
Here, said the quidnuncs, will be an opening running upon lines 
at least unusual in the play of now-a-days, and the result showed 
they were, in some measure, correct. Departing from the modem 
theory that early exchanges of the centre Pawns in openings of 
this character are rarely favourable, Mr. Steinite, as in the seventh 
and ninth games of the match, at his 5th and 6th moves bn^ up 
the central Pawn array by exchanging, and left his adversary with 
an isolated Pawn at Q 4. Bol^ parties castled early thereafter, 
and a tenacious struggle for superiority of position began and 
endured through a long stretch of moves, Mr. Steinitz, in accord- 
aoce with his well-known theories, concentrating on the Queen's 
side, while Dr. Zukertort massed his forces in the direction of the 
adverse King. His attack looked so menacing, indeed, about his 
20th move that Mr. Steinita was obliged to recall his pieces home 
to the defence of their monarch, but with good effect, for the at- 
tack seemed temporarily repulsed. Freeh and most interesting 
complications arose, however, upon Dr. Zukertort's 25th move, 
a boldly proffered sacrifice of his Q P, which was met upon Mr. 
Steinitz's part by a similar offer, combined with an attack upon 
the adverse Knight. From thence on, attack and counter-attack 
followed in the most exciting manner, first one side and then the 
other being apparently involved in and yet threatening to the 
adversary the most serious results, until at White's 37th move, 
Dr. Zukertort, by an elegant sacrifice of his Knight, broke up the 
gathering assault, threw his adversary on the defensive, and by 
some fine after-play won the exchange, remaining after the mel& 
with Queen, Rook, Bishop and two Pawns, as against Queen and 
three minor pieces. But the battle was only half over. Steinitz 
had two Bishops and Knight, and to exchange his own Bishop for 
one of the adverse Bishops, and Queen for Queen, so as to keep 
for the ending his Book against the Knight and Bishop, deaiiy 
formed Dr« Zukertort's plan and taxed his skill and patience to 
the utmost. He was successful, however, and at the 56th move 
the partie became an exceedingly difficult end-game of that des- 
cription. Dr. Zukertort having, moreover, four Pawns (one passed 
on the Queen's flank) to Mr. Steinitz's two. By skilful strategy, 
pushing his passed Pawn, Dr. Zukertort drew all his adversary's 
forces to that side of the board to stop its progress, and finally 
gave it up to capture in return one of his opponent's. An 
additional exchange of Pawns was then forced, and against the 
Doctor's Book and two united passed Pawns Mr. Steinitz remained 
with simply Bishop and Kt ;— draw he mi^ht, perhaps, but winning 
was no longer possible. On came the implacable little Pawns, 
backed by the White King and with the Book; like a cavalry 



detachment, operating on either wing ; all Black could do appa- 
rently was to move his Bishop helplessly back and forth and wait. 
But not long, for the White King unchecked reached K R 7, the 
Pawns pressed on and one checked the hostile monarch, driving 
him to B square ; the Rook was neatly sacrificed for the Knight, 
and Mr. Steinitz, seeing defeat inevitable, quietly resigned* A 
slight murmur of applause, immediately and properly hushed by 
the managing committee, broke from the crowd, and the hardest 
fought battle of the match was over. The score, therefore, now 
stands : Steinitz, 6 ; Zukertort, 5 ; drawn, 2. 

Thirteenth Game, played March 5tlL 

(Queen's Gambit declined.) 


(Mr. Zukertort.) 

1 P to Q 4 

2 P to Q B 4 

3 Kt to Q B 3 

4 B to B 4 (a) 

5 P to K 3 

6 K P tks P 

7 B tks P 

8 Kt to B 3 (c) 

9 Castles 

10 R to K sq 

11 QtoK2 

12 Kt to Q Kt 6 

13 B to B 7 (6) 

14 Kt to Q B 3 

16 B to Q Kt 3 

17 K R to Q sq 

18 B to B 2 

19 B to Q 3 

20 Kt to K 5 

21 B to Kt 5 (h) 

22 Q to B 3 

23 Q to R 3 

24 B to K 3 

25 P to Q 5 (i) 

26 Kt to K 2 

28 B to Q 3 

29 B to Q 4 


(Mr. Steinitz.) 
P toQ 4 
PtoK 3 
Kt to K B 3 
P to Q B 4 
P tks Q P 
P tks P (b) 
Kt to B 3 
BtoK 2 
B to Q 2 (d) 
Q toR 4 
P to Q R 3 
P to Q Kt 3 
P to Q Kt 4 
Q to Kt 3 (/) 
Kt to Q R 4 
Kt to B 5 
B to K sq 
Q to Q sq 
Pto R3 
Q R to B 2 
P to Kt 5 
Kt tks P 
R to R sq 
B to K B 3 
Kt to kt 4 


(Mr. Zukertort.) (Mr. Steinitz.) 

30 Kt to K B 3 Kt tks B 

31 Kt(B 3)tks Kt R to R 4 (j ) 

32 Q to B 3 

33 R to K sq 

34 Q to K 4 

35 P to Q Kt 3 

36 B to B 4 

B to Q R 5 (Aj) 
Kt to K 2 
P to Kt 3 
B to K sq (l) 

37 Kt tks P (m) P tks Kt 

38 B tks P ch K to Kt 2 (n) 

39 Q R to Q sq Q to K 2 
40KttoB4 RtoK4(0) 
41 Q to Q Kt sq R tks R 

42 R tks R 

43 Kt to Q 5 

44 Kt tks R 

45 R to Q sq 

46 B to B 4 

47 Q to Q 3 

48 Q to K 3 

49 P to Q R 3 

50 P tks P 

51 K to B sq 

52 Q to E 6 

53 B tks Q 

54 B to Q 7 (r) 

55 R to Q 4 

56 R tks B ch 

57 R to Q 4 

58 P to Q Kt 4 

Bto B 6 
Q to B4 
Q tks Kt 
KttoQ 5 
B to R sq (p) 
QtoQ 3 
Q to B 3 (q) 
Kt to Kt 4 
B tks Kt P 
Kt to B 6 
KtoB 3 
BtoK 2 



59 E to Q B 4 

Kt to Kt 4 

71 K to Kt 2 


60 R to B 6 


72 K to B 3 


61 R to Kt 6 

Kt to Q 5 

73 R to R 5 


62 R to Kt 7 

P to Kt 4 

74 K to Kt 3 

KtoB 2 

63 P to Kt 5 

K to Q 4 

75 P to B 4 


64 P to Kt 6 (a) 

KtoB 3 

76 R to Q Kt 5 

B to K 8 ch 

' 65 R to K R 7 

K tkR P 

77 K to B 3 

BtoB 6 

66 R tks P 

Kto B2 

78 P to Kt 5 


67 P to K R 4 


79 K to Kt 4 


68 R tks P (t) 

Kt to B 4 

After a few more moves, Mr. 

69 R to R 7 ch 

K to Q sq 

Steinitz was forced to resign. 

70 P to Kt 4 

KttoK 2 

Notes by C. E. Ranksn. 

(a) Again following Mr. Steinitz's lead, and it is the first time 
we have ever known Mr. Zukertort to bring his Q B out on the 
E's side in this debut 

(b) Pursuing his old tactics of isolating his opponent's Q P, 
bat not with the old success, for it will be seen by-and-by that 
the Q P is never once in danger. 

(c) Kt to Kt 5 now would be a premature attack, e,g, 8 Kt 
to Kt 5, B to Kt 5 ch, 9 K to B sq. Castles, 10 Kt to B 7, P to 
K 4, 11 Kt takes R, P takes B, 12 P to Q 5, Kt to K 4, 13 B to 
Kt 3, P to Q Kt 3, &c. 

(d) The B blocks the way here, and enables White at once to 
remove his Q to a strong post ; for which reasons we should have 
proceeded by P to Q R 3, to shut out the Kt^ and then P to Q 
Kt 3 or 4, developing the B at Kt 2. 

(e) Black's object in playing Q to R 4 was, we suppose, to 
bring her round to the K's side, and to make room for his K R at 
Q sq. White cleverly frustrates this by the present manoeuvre. 

(/) The intention of this move is not very clear, for of course 
it was not merely to attack the Q P ; Black had doubtless given 
up the idea of bringing the Q round to the K's side, otherwise he 
would have played P to Kt 5. 

(g) He probably worked his Kt to this square in order to 
prevent the adverse Kt from going to K 4 ; but the eflFect is that 
after the next move both his Bishops are practically " boycotted." 

(h) Intending to follow with Kt to Kt 4, &c., but Mr. Steinitz 
is wide awake. 

(^) A capital move, threatening B to Kt 6 if the Pawn be 
taken, and getting rid of his isolated Pawn in exchange for a 
majority on the Q's side. 

(j) Meaning, perhaps, Q to R sq to follow. 



(A^ The poor Bishop tries to assert himself, bat does not 
succeed in getting into pl&y. 

(0 It would have been well for Black if the B had retreated 
to B 3 or Q 2 now. 

(m) A daring and brilliant sacrifice, for which we hardly 
think White could have been prepared. At this crucial point of 
the game we give a diagram. 

Position after White's 37th move. 
Black (Mb. Stsinitz). 

Whitb (Mb. Zukebtobt). 

(n) We fail to see why Mr. Steinite did not interpose the 
Bishop ; it would at any rate have got rid of one of White's most 
attacking pieces, and also we think have gained time, e.g, B to 
B 2, 39 Q B to Q sq, Q to K 2, 40 Kt to B 4, B takes B, 41 Kt 
takes B, R to B sq, 42 Q to Kt 4, Q to K B 2, with a safe game. 

(o) Probably Mr. Steinitz was pressed by the time-limit here, 
or he would certainly, we think, have selected B to B 6 in prefer- 
ence to this move. 

(p) Black has come out of the melee with two minor pieces 
against a Rook and two Pawns, which ought to be good enough to 
draw. At this period of the game, however, his play shows signs 
of either weariness or time pressure ; for instance, instead of this 
weak move, he should have brought his Q to K 4 or B 5. 

(q) A spark of the old fire. 

(r) Well played, because with the B E so far off, the exchange 
of pieces is in White's favour. It is noteworthy also that Black 
can neither take the Bishop nor play Kt to R 2 without losing a 


(s) Mr. Zukertort's conduct of this most instruotiye ending, 
as well as his play throughout the long battle, is a model of 
patient and accurate skill. 

(f) We need not comment further. After this it is only a 
question of time, since Black never gets the chance of exchanging 
one of his pieces for the two Pawns. 


Amebioul. — ^We give elsewhere an account of the resumption 
at New Orleans on February 26th of the Steinitz and Zukertort 
match, together with some graphic details, and sketches of the 
players taken from a local paper. As we go to press the news 
comes of the termination of the match on the 29th March, when 
Mr. Steinitz won his tenth game, the total score being, Steinitz, 
10 ; Zukertort, 5 ; drawn, 5. We shall publish all the remaining 
games in our May number, with full details. 

The leading scorers in the New York Olub Tourney were, 
according to last advices, Messrs. Delmar, E. J. Kaltenbach, 
Hatfield, and Loyd. The tourney is very nearly over. In the 
Manhattan Olub Tourney (also drawing to an end) the five prizes 
will probably fall to Messrs. Hanham, Hartshome, Hyde, 
Mackenzie, and Eyan. 

Gesmakt. — ^In the correspondence match between Munich 
and Prague both the games, and the stake of 100 marks, hava 
been won by the last named club. 

Italy. ~ The Nuova Rivista degli Scacchi^ in its double num- 
ber for January and Februaiy only lately to hand, publishes tho 
Programme of the Fifbh Italian National Tourney, which was to 
commence at Bome on March 15th. There were to be two 
tourneys, one for Masters, the other a handicap. In the former 
the prizes would be, 1st prize, 1200 lire, or £50, 2nd prize, 700^ 
lire, 3rd prize, 400 lire, 4th prize, 250 lire. In the handicap 
the first prize was to be 600 lure, and the rest in proportion. 

After reproducing onr paragraph about Hang Oscar, the 
Ntjuyua Bivista adds that Ohess has made its way to the Quirinale 
Palace, the Queen of Italy taking great interest in the game. 

AusTEALiA. — On January 26ti^ the Ohess Editor of &e South 
Australian Chronicle, Mr. Oharlick, played 20 simultaneous 
games at the Adelaide Olub, the result being that he won 14, 
lost 8, and drew one, while two were left unfinished. 

Mr. Gossip has definitely taken up his residence at Sydney, 
which he likes far better than Melbourne both for climate and 
people. He lately gave a lecture there to a large audience on 
''Becollections of Paris under the Empire.^' b 3 




CkE88 ClX7B8. 

The third set encounter between these two leading Clubs 
took place on ThurBday, 4th March, at the Criterion, Piccadilly. 
It will be in the recollection of our readers that it was in th.e 
Victoria Hall of this palatial building that the International 
Tournament of 1883 took place, and it was in the same Hall — 
thus almost historic in Chess annals, that the respeotiye repre- 
sentatiyes of the West End and the City met to show their 
prowess on the checkered field. Up innumerable flights of stairs, 
along interminable corridors, through numerous swing doors we 
at last reached the goal of our ambition and managed onoe 
again to find the splendid room wherein the match was to be 
played. A room that has only one fSetult, and that is the uncon- 
scionable altitude it occupies and the difficulty of finding it 
without a guide. As we entered the room play had already 
commenced and a numerous gathering of eager spectators were 
assembled. Conspicuous amongst these we observed the Her. 
O. A. MacDonneU, Dr. Mackenzie, and Messrs. Adamson, Bird, 
Cutler, Cubison, Jacobs, Pollock, &c. 

It will be remembered that of the two former matches, one — 
that of 1881 — was won by the St. George^s, the other, that of 
last year, being scored by the City. This state of ^ balanced 
accounts '* naturally gave an additional interest to the present 
match. Would the St. George^s revenge their defeat of last 
year ? Would the City once more be victorious in the fray ? 
These and similar questions were asked, and many were the 
eager eyes that scanned the list of opposing players to see on 
which side ** fickle fortune" might be expected to smile. It 
was at once apparent that each side had suffered the loss of 
eminent players, these losses being curiously balanced, for if St. 
George's had failed to secure the services of the Bevs. C. E. 
Banken and A. B. Skip worth, each of whom took such a foremost 
place in last year's encounter, the City had experienced the like 
ill fate in the absence of their two strongest players in the per- 
sons of Messrs. Gunsberg and Potter. Hardly less weakening 
to the St. George's side was the absence of such players as 
Messrs. Gover and Puller, though this again was balanced by 
the City losing the services of Messrs Block and Cohen. To 
replace the ** missing ones " St. George's was more fortunate 
than the City, for it had secured the services of that able exponent 
of Chess Mr. Ph. Hirschfeld to take the first board, whilst the 
City had to rely upon its flayers in the 1885 match to occupy 


the vaoant boazds. Thus Mr. Lord who in 1885 played fourth 
was now placed at No. 1 opposed to Mr. nirschfeld, while 
MecMSTS. Hooke and Hepp^ who lost last year, playing serenth 
and fifHi respectivd-y, had now to move up second and third, 
b^D^ opposed at the one board by that hero of a hundred fights 
the Hev. W. Wayte, and at the other by that well-tried player 
Dr. BaUard. Each side, it may be remarked in passing, had an 
addition from the University team of last year, Mr. Ohepmell 
of Oambiidge playing for St. George's and Mr. Wainwright of 
Oxford for fiie City. Looking then at the re-arranged teams it 
was thought that the City men would be a little overweighted at 
the first six or seven boards, and that in consequence the last 
year's defeat of St. George's would be reversed, and consequently 
aroiuid these top boards the spectatcHs gathered thickest. There 
were only 16 players a side at the present match instead of 20 as 
last year, honorary members being again barred, and the time- 
limit was fixed at 20 moves per hour. No umpire was appointed 
this year principally owing to Mr. Zukertort's absence in 
America, and the two Captains were authorised to settle disputed 
points. This as it turned out was not the best plan, and in 
future matchefei other arrangements wiU no doubt be come to. 

Precisely at 6-30 did the battle commence. Mr. Adamson 
(the City Sectetary) won the "toss" for the move and he 
elected to give the G^ty men the first move on the even-numbered 
boards. Play Went on very smoothly and steadily for some 
time but from the commencement the City men seemed to play 
with more dash than thdr opponents. About 9 o'clock the first 
game was finished and proved a victory for the City player Mr. 
Frankenstein oter Mr, Heathcote. First chalk for the City. 
"They're goi^g to win" cried an enthusiastic Cit. and a glance 
round the bo£frds showed that this opinion was to some extent 
warranted by appearances, for it was evident that in several 
other games now approaching their final stage the City men 
had manifest advantage. Mr. Frankenstein's victory was soon 
followed by others until the City had a clear lead of three. From 
this point the St. George's made herculean efforts to avert de- 
feat, but the lead thus early obtained was too great to be over- 
taken, and though they managed to prevent it being added to 
their best effcnrts could not do more, and the City won by three 
games, the final score being St. George's 4, City 7, drawn 6. 

At board No. 1 Mr. Hirschf eld played for the St. George's 
and Mr. Lord for the City. The latter adopted a two Kts' 
ddfence which proceeded 3 Kt to Q B 3, B to Q Kt 5, thus 
piftln'iig it a sort of Buy Lopez au second, Mr. Hirschfeld made 
an attack in the centre on the 19th move by advancing P. to Q B 4 
which seemed to lead to the winning of a piece. Mr. Lord, 



howerer, at once captured the pawn and succeeded in maintain* 
ing equal forces, and the game went on to the ddrd move of 
"Vniite when Mr. Lord claimed the game on the time-limit, as 
Mr. Hirschfeld had taken his full two hours for the 33 moyes. The 
latter stated that he was under the impression that the limit was 
15 moves per hour, hence his rate of play. Mr. Lord in reply 
stated that the time-limit was dearly made known as 20 moves 
an hour and through a most critical state of the g^me he had 
been playing at that rate. As the two captains were thus in 
dispute and there was no other umpire thingpi did not look very 
pleasant, but at length the secretaries of the two dubs consulted 
together and the game was settled to be a draw. Mr. Lord is 
to be congratulated upon the stand that he made against his 
formidable opponent, the more especially as the game was really 
of a drawn nature ax>art from the dispute. I annex a diagram 
of the position when the game was given up. 

Black (Mb. Lobd) to flay. 

White (Mr. Hibsohfeld.) 

Had the game continued it was Mr. Lord's intention now to 
play Q to B 4 and White seems to be very curtailed in his line 
ef action and a draw would be the legitimate end. At board 
No. 2 the struggle between Mr. Wayte (St. George's) and Mr, 
Hooke (City) was a very long one. The latter adopted a Scotch 
Gambit, continuing on the 7th move by Q to Q 2, a move much 
favoured by Mr. Blackbume. After a long struggle White 
isolated a P on the Q's file and subsequently won it. Mr. Wayte 
brought his B to the 7th rank in an unavailing attempt to keep 
that row. He did not seem quite in his usual form for at move 
34 he moved his Eook so that it was lost by White simply 
playing 35 B to K 2 ch followed by 36 E to Q 2. Mr. Hooke, 


too intent doubtless on reducing the game to a Pawn ending, 
missed this chance and Mr. Wayte then continued to defend 
himself very stubbornly for many moves but without avail, as 
the extra P at length won. Mr. Hooke has made a distinct 
mark in thus vanquishing so formidable a foe as Mr. Wayte, 
and his play throughout (excepting his oversight on move 35) 
was of a high order. At board No. 3 Dr. Ballard opened with 
I P to Q B 4 to which Mr. Heppell replied with I P to K 3, and 
each player moving cautiously the game soon took on the familiar 
appearance of the close game. At move 8 Mr. Heppell initiated 
a series of exchanges which gave the game a very drawish look 
and at move 26 a draw was agreed to. At board No. 4 the 
veteran Minchin was face to face with Mr. Tinsley. The latter 
opened with a Scotch to which Mr. Minchin replied with a Berlin 
defence (favourite of Herr Zukertort) and early obtained some 
advantage and playing very well, won. At board No. 5 Mr. F. 
H. Lewis did battle for the St. George's against the young 
Oxonian Mr. Wainwright for the City. The latter adopted a 
Petroff and playing a steady game, drew. The next board No. 
6 saw a very fine bit of Chess-play on the part of Mr. Stevens, 
who was opposed by Mr. Lambert. The latter played irregularly, 
the game opening 1 P to K 4, P to Q B 3, 2 P to Q 4. Mr. 
Stevens early got an attack which he carried out with great 
skill. Mr. Lambert was not able to castle and Mr. Stevens got 
a very formidable attack on the K B P, which he was enabled 
to strengthen by getting his Q B on to Q Kt 7. From this point 
he carried all before him and secured a brilliant victory. At 
board No. 7 the St. George's representative was Mr. Gattie who 
opened with a Vienna against Mr. Anger and the game proceeded 
thus: 2K:ttoOB 3, KttoQB 3;3PtoE:B4, KttoKB 3; 
4 P takes P. Mr. Gattie played with very great steadiness and 
won a good game. At board No. 8 Mr. Salter (St. George's) 
was opposed to Mr. Fenton (City). The latter opened with a 
Scotch and the game ended in a draw. So far then the match 
was very equal, for eight boards had given 2 wins to each side 
with 4 draws, but the next three boards put another complexion 
upon affairs for at all of them victory declared for the City. At 
board No. 9 Mr. Wyvill and Mr. Chappell were opposed. The 
former opened irregularly with 1 P to K 3 to which the latter 
also replied with 1 P to K 3 and for several moves the game 
went on a similar plan Black exactly copying White's moves. 
Mr. ChappeU at length gave up a Pawn for an attack, which he 
pushed to a successful issue. At board No. 10 Mr. Heathcote 
represented St. George's and Mr. Frankenstein the City. The 
latter adopted a two Kts' defence which the former met with 
characteristic originality and early got an advantage and finally 



won a smartly played game. At board No. 1 1 Mr^ Ball oad 
Mr. Taylor were engaged. The latter adopted a French delenea 
and the former played on his P to K 5 at the 8rd move. Mr. 
Taylor directed his attention to the advanced Fawn and Mr. Ball 
somewhat weakened his game by playing his Q to K It 5, the 
result being that Mr. Taylor won a Pawn and soon after^ through. 
Mr. Ball pushing an attack against the Q, he won the exchange 
and this speedily gave him the game. At board No. 12 Mr^ 
Yyse opened with a Buy Lopez against Mr. Warner and the 
game after a long fight (it was really the best game concluded) 
ended in a draw. At board No. 13 Mr. Burroughs had to meet 
a French defence from Mr. Laws. The latter had a good game, 
when he allowed a piece to be pinned and &om this he never 
recovered and Mr. Burroughs won. At board No. 14 Mr. Loman 
adopted a Ruy Lopez against General Pearse and after a steady 
game won. At board No. 15 the St. George's was very unlucl^ 
for their representative Mr. Ohepmell had obtained a winnings 
game in a Buy Lopez against Mr. Hirsch when he threw it 
away. He was a clear Book to the good and nothing could 
have saved the game, when too eagerly pushing on for mate he 
in turn left a Book en prise which Mr. Hirsch captured. The 
result of this unlucky slip was to give the City player both 
material and moral advantages, and he soon won. On the 18ih 
board Mr. Marett was the St. George's representative, and ha 
defeated Mr. Griffiths, the City player, the latter playing some- 
what timidly at times. The final score appears thus : 

, St. George's Club. 


1. Mr. P. Hirschfeld 

2. Bev. W. Wayte 

3. Dr. W. B. BaUard 

4. Mr. J. L Minchin 

6. Mr. F. H. Lewis 

6. Mr. C. J. Lambert 

7. Mr. W. M. Gattie 

8. Mr. D. M. Salter 

9. Mr. M. Wyvill 

10. Mr. J. H. Heathcote, jun. 

11. Mr. W. F. Ball 

12. Mr. J. H. Warner 

13. Mr. P. C. Burroughs ... 

14. Genl. Pearse 

15. Mr. 0. H. OhepmeU ... 

16. Mr. 0. Marett..: ... 

City op Lobdon Oltjb. 

i Mr. F. W. Lord i 

Mr. G. A. Hooke 1 

i Mr. J. T. Heppell i 

1 Mr. S. Tinsley 

i Mr. G. E. Wainwright i 

Mr. S. J. Stevens 1 

1 Mr. F. Anger 

J Mr. B. F. Fenton .. i 

Mr. W. T. Chappell 1 

Mr. E. N. Frankenstein ... 1 

Mr. J. H. Taylor 1 

i Mr. W. E. Yyse i 

1 Mr. B. G. Laws 

Mr. B. Loman 1 

Mr. A. Hirsch 1 

J^ Mr. E. P. Griffiths ^ 

6il 9i 


We may we&tioii that out of the 16 St. Qeorge's players, 10^ 
▼UE., MessiB. Ball, BaUard, Gattie, Hirschfeld, Lewis, Marett, 
Minchin, Salter, Warner, and Wayte, took part in the 1881 
encounter between the two clubs, their score then being 1 14 out 
of 17, whilst their score in the preaent match is 5^ out of 10. 
Out of the 16 City players only three, Messrs. Lead, Steyens, 
and Yyse^ took part in the 1881 encounter, their score then being 
i out of 4y against a score of 2 out of 3 in the present match. 

J. G. C. 

Chess in Lokboit. 

My friend of Purssell's amongst his other notions holds 
veij firmly to the idea that good Chess-players are short men, 
and instances Steinitz and Zukertort as strong proof of the truth 
of his theory. I asked him what about Blackbume ? ** Black- 
bume may be looked upon as being only an exception proving 
the rule," was his reply, *^ but I am of opinion that nature made 
a great mistake in making him so tall ; now had he been only 
5ft. 2 or 3in. no one would have had a ghost of a chance with 
him ! " ** What facts have you to go upon for your theory," I 
enquired. ''Facts, Sir, facts? Why common observation. Look 
at Potter, or Gunsberg, or Mason, all short men every one of 
them. Yes, Sir, and look at Lord who has just drawn with 
Hirschf eld in the St. George's and City match. Why, had he 
been a six-footer instead of the neat little man he is, he would 
have been playing at the bottom instead of the top, and a poor 
player even then ! " I looked at my friend's own stature and 
asked him what he thought nature had done for him in the 
matter of body. **ScurviIy, my dear Sir, most scurvily has 
she treated me I own. I do envy these little men." Well, 
well, thought I, every man to hia humour ! 

The thirty-third annual general meeting of the City of 
London Chess Club was held at the Salutation on Wednesday, 
24th February, 1886. The retiring president, the Eev. J. J. 
Scargill, occupied the chair, and there was a very large attendance 
of members. The general- and financial reports which were re- 
spectiyely read by the secretary and treasurer showed that in 
every respect the club was in a flourishing condition, the number 
of subscribing members steadily increasing, and a handsome 
balance on the right side being in the treasures hands. The 
following officers were appointed for the ensuing year : —Presi- 
dent, Mr. C. G. Cutler; Vice-Presidents, Mr. W. G. Howard, C. C, 
Mr. H. F. Gastineau, and the Eev. J. J. Scargill; Treasurer, 
Mr. H. F. Gastineau ; Secretary, Mr. Geo. Adamson ; Assistant 
Secretary, Mr. W. G. Mackie, with a committee of management. 


The winter tournament of the Oity Club is making good 
piogresa. At present Mr. Griffiths (tlurd class) is leading for 
first prize, bnt he is closely followed by Mr. Hooke (second diEUss). 
The spring tourney (or rather tourneys, for every section really 
constitutes a tourney in itself) is also making satisfactory progress. 

The Bbitish Oebss Clxtb is making its mark. It has con- 
cluded its first master tourney, and it has been a great and 
deserred success. Mr. J. H. Blackbume won the first prize 
(£18) with a score of 6} out of 7. He drew with Mr. Bird the 
▼ery first game he played in the tourney, and then won all the 
remaining 6 games straight off. For second and third prizes 
(£12 and £8) Mr. Bird and Mr. Gunsberg tie with 5 games 
each out of 7, and the prizes were divided. Mr. Mason comes in 
a bad fourth with 8^ out of 7, and takes fourth prize (£4). The 
other competitors were Messrs. FoUock, MacDonnell, Guest, and 
Beeves. The handicap tourney is still in progress. It is divided 
into two sections. In section 1 Mr. D. Y. Mills is leading, and 
in section 2 Mr. Hirsch is in front. As to the proposed 
match with St. Petersburg, I have heard nothing for some days. 
The British finds its local habitation in Leicester Square, certainly 
a most central situation and one that has historical connections 
with the ''royal game." Fifty years ago the very head-quarters 
of London Chess were to be found in the ''Shades," in the 
basement of old Saville House, Leicester Square. Here in 1836 
or 7 did the great Howard Staunton wend his way to meet 
and play the veteran Cochrane, and Mr. J. Brown, Q.C., both 
looked upon as amongst the very strongest players of the day. 
Here also was to be found '' old Lowe," as he was even then 
called, quietly winning his games and pocketing his shillings. 
Leicester Square has seen many changes since then. Its exhi- 
bition of needlework has flown. Its *' world " (Wyld's I mean) 
has long disappeared. Its statue— who did not know that vile 
abortion? — ^has taken to itself wings, and now Chess once more 
revisits its old haunts, awakening long forgotten memories. 
May it flourish and prosper there as it did fifty years ago. 

** Universiiy week " commences on the 30th March, on which 
day a united team of Oxford and Cambridge (past and present) 
play a team of the Ciiy thirds. Then comes the match with 
St. George's, a match with Brighton, and the inter-University 
match itself. 

Talking of University Chess, I am glad to note that Mr. H. 
Jacobs, B.A., is making strong efforts to get together a team of 
London University players, and I believe so far he has met with 
•considerable success. J. G. 0. 



The Suirej OhaUenge Gap has this year been won by Mr. 
Wyke BaylisB of the Brixton Glub, with a score of 5 out of a 
possible 6. Mr. Bayliss' success is all the more gratifying 
because he has twice before come in second only one point 
behind the winners, viz. Mr. Herbert Jacobs and Mr. D. Y. 
Mills. Mr. Jacobs this time comes next to Mr. Bayliss, and Mr. 
D. Y. Mills did not compete. 

The first match this season between the Oounties of Surrey 
and Sussex took place at Croydon on the 27th February last, 
with nineteen players a side, and the result proved a most decisive 
victory for Surrey whose score was thirteen won games against 
three for Sussex, eight games being drawn. In view of some 
remarks in the Sussex organs which to say the least are exceed- 
ingly misleading, it may be as well to state that though the 
rules of the Surrey Association contain no restriction as to mem- 
bership, the teams played against Sussex have on each occasion 
been composed of properly qualified County players. On the 
present occasion aU the gentlemen except one taking part in the 
match have resided in Surrey more than two years, and thirteen 
out of the nineteen played in the first match between the Counties 
two years ago. L. P. B. 

Chess m Ibblakd. 

The events of the month though few are not insignificant. 
A second year has been entered on by the Irish Chess Association. 
On St. Patrick's day its executive council met at the Molesworth 
Hall, Dublin, and having considered- the invitations from 
provincial towns decided upon holding its meeting for this year 
at Belfast. There were strong claims in favour of Limerick, and 
Mr. Copeman of that city (and the organiser of a flourishing 
local club) was elected to the first vacancy on the council in 
recognition of his services ; but the claims of Belfast prevailed 
and those of Limerick were reserved for the next provincial 
meeting (1888). The Secretaries of the two leading Clubs of 
Belfast (the Belfast and the Salvio) were appointed local sec- 
retaries, with Mr. Mc Gowan, of the Provincial Bank, local 
treasurer. No date has been fixed yet. It is suggested that 
the fixture should be for the fortnight at the end of September 
and beginning of October. One of the strongest players in 
Belfast, who is also President of a Chess club at Oxford, would 
be unable to take part at a later period ; and the only question 
seems to be why it should not be held earlier — say when the 
summer assizes (at the end of July) bring so many Grand Jurors 
and others to Belfast. In any event it will be well to have regard 
to the English and Scotch fixtures so as not to dash with them. 


Mr. Bowland tendered his rengnaiion of the post of Honorary. 
Beoretary and Treasurer, which the oooncil accepted; and there- 
upon Mr. A. 8. Peake, who has been long and flEiYOiirablj known 
as a strong player and zealous supporter of the game, was elected 
in his pla^. Mr. Peake's address is St. Patrick's Chess Club, 
9, Merrion Bow, Dublin, or Morino Crescent, Clontarf, Co. 
Dublin. The oouncil declared that the ezdusiye publication in 
any one paper of its proceedings, problems, or games, had never 
been authorised. It was decided ^t provincial dubs should be 
admitted in federation at a subscription of Is. per member with 
a miTijimim of £l per dub. 

A challenge sent to the Dublin Chess Club by the St. Patrick's 
has, much to the disappointment of the Dublin Chess public, 
been declined for the present, on the eroimds that the members 
of the premier dub being tired out, difiGiculty would he experi- 
enced m organising a team which would adequately represent 
thenu In the St. Patrick's Chess Club the second match between 
Messrs. Morphy and Bynd terminated with the score, £ynd 5, 
Morphy 3, drawn 1. ^The first match, it will be remembered, 
conduded Bynd 5, Morphy 0, drawn 1 ; so that Mr. Morphy is 
evidently wioning his way to the front. K. A. B. 


Pboblbm Dspartmbnt. 

B. Fison, Hendon.— In 321, if 1 R to R sq, 1 P to R 7, how do 
you proceed 1 

C. E. T., Clifton. — In your 3-er the mainplay can be cut short 
by 2 B to Q 6 mate ! 

E. S., Kensington. — ^Not bad for a first attempt, but needs re- 
arrangement, as White can also play 1 Q to Et 6, <fec. Try again 
and get rid of the White Kt, which is superfluous and sins against 
'* economy of force ** both primarily and in the mates. 

Light Blue, Almondbury. — Pleased to hear from you. again. 
Solutions right, although you will see author^s intention from move 
3 in No. 336 was more ingenious than your own method. 

J. Jespersen, Denmark. — Received with thanks, and contents 

East Mardtti. — Solution right. Thanks for card. 

K. W. Winkler.— In 334, if 1 Q to Kt 2, R takes Q, 2 R to 
B 8, R takes P ! How nowl 

T. G. H., Burstwick. — The Kingless 2-er yields thus. Place 
K*at K 5, then play 1 Kt (at B sq) to Q 2 ch, and 2 R mates. 
Cannot you cure this by adding a Black P at Q B 2 ) The three- 
mover is good and shall appear soon. 



The Gomberland Chess Association has had a siiocessfal 
season. It has won its first match, having beaten on February 
20th, in their third annual match, a somewhat weak team of 
Bradford bj 16^ to 13^. The other County match with New- 
castle was lost by 11 to B. For the Challenge Cup competed 
for by teams of the affiliated dubs, seven a side, the following 
entered : — Carlisle, Keswick, Whitehayen, Cockermouth^ Work- 
ington, Maryport. The final tie was played on Masth 13th 
between Whitehaven and Workington, and resulted as follows : 
Whitehaven 8^, Workington 5^. Whitehaven have now won 
the Cup each year of its institution, and Dr. I'anson, their 
President, again holds possession. 

The two End-games published in this month's number 
complete the tourney. 

Mr. J. Pierce, M. A.> contemplates publishing a book of poems 
at the dose of the year, if he meets with sufficient support. 
The majority would be on general subjects, but a number of 
them have reference to Chess, a specimen of which we have 
pleasure in inserting in the present issue of the B. C. M. The 
price will be 5/- and subscribers' names can be sent to the 
author, Langley House, Dorking. 

If any of our readers wish for cabinet copies of the photo- 
graphic group which appeared in the Januaiy maga2dne, we 
shall be glad to supply them at 1/- each. 

As an amusing instance of *^ newspaper '' Chess we quote 
the following from a leading Yorkshire daily of March 2drd : 
'* New Orleans, Monday. — The eighteenth game in the Oxess 
championship was opened to-day by Mr. Steinitz with Pawn to 
' Etina's ' fourth. The game lasted three hours and a half. At 
the fortieth move, Mr. Steinitz took 130 minutes for his move, 
and Dr. Zukertort 76." 

An important Chess Congress was held at Bristol during the 
three days ending March 19th. Mr. Blackbume attended the 
meeting and at various times contested 87 games, playing a num- 
ber of antagonists simultaneously. Of these he won 5 8, lost 5, and 
drew 24. On Thursday, March 18th, he encountered eighistrong 
players blindfold, winning 3 games, losing 2, and drawing 3. 
The gathering was all through a great success. 

The thirty-first annual meeting of the West Yorkshire Chess 
Association will be held at the Technical School, Huddersfield, 
on Saturday afternoon, April 17th, under the Presidency of 
Alderman Woodhouse, Leeds. The usual tournaments wiU be 
engaged in. 


No. 337.— By T. HOLST, Demmabk. 



White to pU; and mate in three move*. 
No. 338 By JOHN C. BREMNEE. No. 339.— By K. W. WINKLER. 

White to play and mate in three movea. White to pla; and force self- mate in three 


No. 340— Bt B. a. LAWS. 


White to plajr and mate in three moves. 

fo. 341.— Bt J. JESPERSEN. So. 342.— Bt R HULSEN. 


White to pla; and mate in Eonr mores. White to pl»; and force self-mate in five 



Br H. J. C. Andrews. 

We olip the folloving pan^mph from &.& Nea York Sunday 
Timet dSVfibTaaxj Slst. 

" We will inae shorty, as n. soarenir to oar oontributors, a 
OheoB-lMaTd 20 by 20 iachee ; each square of whioh will be an 
eleotK>tj'p«d di^^am of a two or three move problem. We will 
be glad to hear from any problemiBt desiring to bare an original 
compodtion appear in this foitn, who will please send us his 
contaibbtion at onoe. The board will be printed in two colours 
OD heavy paper, snitaible for framing, and will comprise 64 Chess 
problema by MunoE, Loyd, Brant, BaudermanQ, Ch'ant, Bull, 
Wadsworth, Bowland, Cumming, Halkett, Boardman, Kegao, 
Oook, Stnbbs, the Bettmans, Oomell, Woodard, Ketler, Albert, 
Ton Hoene, Wheeler, Otten, Hanauer, Hamaon, Shinkman, and 
other well-known compoeers. Full solutions will accompany 
them. Price fiity omts. Address the Chess Editor, 21 Aon St., 
or George Oumming, 219x, 18th St., New York." 

Air OLD FAflmomiD faib of Fboblxhs. — We have received 
from Mr. W. Orimshaw a problem composed in 1853, vith this 
remark appended : " It is a long time since I have seen a Pawn 
problem, and 1 think one or two, occasionally, would be as 
interesting as sui-mates." 


Composed 1863. Composed 1849. 

Wtute to pUf ftnd mate with the E Kt P in White h) pliif and q 


We h&r& pleasure in printiiig this vpewaamx of a bjgone 
fasMoii, and isake the opportimitj of p^senting as ita oompaidon 
a problem of atill older date (1849), by oilrBslv^. This three- 
moyer, we bdieirey nerer appeared in print either in the Ilku^ 
traUd London News or the Chess Player's CAnrntoJ? of the period, 
although others composed by the aame author in tiie same year 
were aJl inserted in tifiose periodicals. This probably arose from 
the misplacement of a piece, through which a second solution 
became possible. A yery slight alteration remedies this defect 
and the solution is left; exactly as intended in 1849. Our critics 
are invited to review these positions, bearing well in mind, of 
course, the date of their bii^. 

Mr. J. W. Abbott has resigned the editorship of the column 
so long and ably conducted by him in the Ladies* Treasury. His 
successor is announced to be Mr. Frank Heeley. 

That spirited and entertaining new American periodical, The 
Wanderer, contains in No. 8, for March, some lively and well 
written sketches in verse and prose by Messrs. Peterson and 
Keeney, quite outside Caissa's realm, the scene in each case 
b^ng on the rail, not on board/ Chess is, none ilihe less, as 
efficiently lepresented as usual in the columns of our erraTiii 
brother, who, although but three months old, is already eager 
for the fray, and announces a couple of tourneys with handsome 
prizes. Fifty of these are offered, ranging from 15 dollars down- 
wards in value, as rewards to the most successful in the solutioii 
€K)mpetition. As this, however, is open only to subscribers to 
27ie Wanderer, we need only here quote the programme of its 
problem joust. ** The Tourney will begin in the April number 
and continue during the year, ending in December. It is open 
to the world, and will be confined to direct-mate problems in 
two and three moves. No composer to ent^ more than five 
positions. Problems must reach the Chess editor before August 
15th, 1886. All positions received wUl be submitted to the 
judges (who will be hereafter announced), and will be published 
in the order of their merit. Problems remaining unpublished 
to be the property of the Chess editor for future publication. 
Problem prises : — 1, Best three-move problem, $10; 2, Second 
best, $5 ; 3, Third best, $3 ; 4, Best Two-mover, $5 ; 5, Second 
best, $3 ; 6, Third best, |2." 

The Auhium (Illinois J Citizen announces a two-move tourney 
with three prizes, literary and pictorial. From one to five direct 
mates may be entered up to June 1st, under the sealed envelope 
and motto system. Address: Chess Editor, Citizen, Auburn, 
Illinois, U. S. A. 

The Baltimore Sunday News also offers books and six months' 
subscription to the paper for best and second best three and two- 


moYera (two^pruoB in each section). Problems should reach 
0. E. Dennis, Thnrlow, Peonsylyania, U. 8. A., before July Ist. 
The Liverpool Weekly Courier announces a three-move problem 
tonmey, also a solution tourney, with handsome prizes. The 
regulations are very yoluminous, and we must refer intending 
competitors to the Ohess Editor of the Courier for fuU details. 


No. 333, by K. W. Winkler,— 1 B to Q 5, K takes B (a), 
2 Kt takes P ch, K moves, 3 Q mates, (a) Else, 2 R takes Kt, &c. 

No. 334, by A. F. Mackenzie.—! B to Kt 4, P takes B (a), 
2 Q to Q R sq, R takes Q, 3 R to B 8, &c. (a) 1 P takes Kt (b), 
2 Q cb, K takes B, 3 Q to Kt 3, 4 Q to R 3 mate. (5) 1 R to R 8, 
2 Q takes R, 2 P takes Kt, 3 R to K Kt 2, <!^c. 

No. 335, by B. Hdlsen.— 1 Kt to Kt sq eh, B takes Kt, 2 R to 
Q sq cb, K to B 7, 3 Q to Kt 6 ch, R in ch, 4 K to B 4 and Black 
must mate. 

No. 336, by B. G. Laws.— 1 B to Q R 5, P moves, 2 Kt to Q 5, 
P moves, 3 R to Q R 4^ K to B sq, 4 Q to R 6 cb, B to Kt 2, 
6 Kt to Kt 4, B takes Q mate. 

* There is a fault here, as White may also play 3 R to B 8 and 
then at his 5th move, either Kt to B 3 or to Kt 4. The author 
proposes to cure this defect by adding a White Rook at K B 8. 


No. 333. — Pleasing and by no means easy, in fact I found it 
the most difficult of the four. T. G. Hart. — Not so easy as I 
expected and otherwise satisfactory. E. S., Kensington. — Might 
easily be worse — or better. Mercutio. 

No. 334. — A satisfactory problem of its kind, not difficult to 
see through, but affording pleasure to the solver for all that. 
Mercutio. — Good. Both 2nd and 3rd moves of main-play are 
tempting 1st moves. T. G. H. — Gave me much pleasure in the 
solving, and uot so hard a nut as the author often offers. K S. 

No. 335. — A good mating position but solution too transparent. 
Mercutio. — As easy as many two-movers and not particularly 
interesting. E. S. — ^Pretty. K. W. Winkler. — Mating position 
very clever, 'tis a pity such strong measures are necessary to bring 
it about. T. G. H. 

No, 336. — ^This problem, as noted elsewhere, requires an extra 
piece to prevent a bad dual continuation. We therefore withhold 
the reviews. To Mr. Hart alone belongs the credit of perceiving 
both methods and indicating the remedy. 

The British Chess Magazine 

MAY, 188 6. 


Thb approach of the Boat Bace brought both Universities in 
force to the Metropolis, and the two days before the main con- 
test were, as usual, deyoted to practice matches. On Tuesday, 
March 30th, ten players from each University met twenty of the 
City of London (mostly, we believe, chosen from the Third Class 
of that Club) in a one-game matdi. No fewer than seven of 
the games were drawn, and each party scored one game by for- 
feit ; the remaining games placing the City in a majority of two, 
or one less than last year. Mr. Blackbume acted as umpire, 
and the score was as under : — 

UwivBEsiTiEs. Won. 

Mr. W. H. Gunston, Cambridge i 

Mr. 0. D. Locock, Oxford i 


Mr. G. E. Wainwright, Oxford.. J 
Mr. 0. H. Chepmell, Cambridge 1 

Mr. R. W. Bamett, Oxford i 

Mr. H. Q. Gwinner, Cambridge 1 

Mp. p. G. Newbolt, Oxford 

Mr. F. M. Young, Cambridge... J 

Mr. Lowe, Oxford 1 

Mr. A. B. Hopes, Cambridge ... 1 

Mr. 0. M. Grace, Oxford i 

Mr. Topham, Cambridge 

Mr. A. Rutherford, Oxford 

Mr. Warburton, Cambridge i 

Mr. S. J. Buchanan, Oxford ... i 

Mr. Robinson, Cambridge 

Rev. 0. F. Jones, Oxford 

Mr. Randell, Cambridge 

Mr. A. G. G. Ross, Oxford : 1 



City, Won. 

Mr. E. P. Griffiths J 

Mr. Herbert Jacobs ^ 

Mr. W. C. Coupland 1 

Mr. L. Stiebel i 

Mr. R. Cope 

Mr. H. F. Down J 

Mr. J. G. Cunningham... 

Mr. C. G. Cuder 1 

Mr. John Sargent ^ 

Mr. J. R. Hunnex 


Mr. E. Hamburger J 

Mr. J. J. Watts 1 

Mr. C. W. Huntley 1 

Mr. Thomas Durrant i 

Mr. A. J. Shepheard J 

Mr. E. J.Smith 1 

Mr. J. F. Hennell 1 

Mr. M. Elemantaski 1 

Mr. H. S. Staniforth 





On Wednesday, March Slst, eight Cambridge players en- 
countered an equcd number of the Athenaeum (Camden Town) 
Cluby at the rooms of the latter. Half of the games were drawn, 
and the home team scored 3 to 1 of the remainder. The object 
of the match being practice for the morrow and not victory, we 
can only wonder that Cambridge played veterans like Messrs. 
Gunston and Bopes in the place of younger men ; but perhaps 
some of the present Light Blues may have been engaged else- 
where, or have preferred to rest. We append the score : — 





... 1 
... 1 


Marks ^ 

Schlesinger 1 

Brooks ^ 

Fox i 



Cambridge. Won. 



Young jf 

Ropes ^ 


Topham ^ 

Bandall ^ 

Eobinson 1 

Total 3 

On the same day Oxford put in their University team, with. 
Mr. Boss as eighth man, at the St. George^s Club. The Club 
team is always, for this match, selected on the principle of giving- 
the young men good practice without overweighting them ; and 
accordingly Mr. F. Gover (Class I. B) was chosen as a suitable 
opponent for Mr. Locock, a choice justified by the event, the 
other players being drawn from the second and third classes. 
Unfortunately one of the St. George's men failed to put in an 
appearance, and the Oxford players chivalrously invited Mr. 
Minchin to take the remaining board. This decided the match, 
the other scores being exactly equal ; but Mr. Bamett's play, 
it should be added, was extremely creditable to him. The first 
game, in which he had the move, was finely contested ; the 
Oxonian being left with a Queen and two extra Pawns against 
two Books and a minor piece, Mr. Minchin had to exert himself; 
in the other the Hon. Sec. won easily. Two games were played 
at all the boards, but in two cases, as wiU be seen, the St. 
George's men being unable to stay longer were replaced by 
others of about the same strength. When time was called three 
games remained unfinished, and Mr. Wayte was requested to 
adjudicate them. This he did with the remark that he should 
feel bound to give doubtful cases against the Club. Mr. Grace 
having two Pawns and a good attack against Col. Salmond, the 
game was pronounced won for him. Mr. Jowitt had the advan- 


tage of a Pawn against Mr. Jones, but there was nothing decisive 
in the position, and this game was declared drawn. In the 
game between Gen. Fearse and Mr Buchanan, the General had 
Hook Knight and Pawn against Book and two Pawns ; but 
analysis showed that the last Pawn must be changed off, and 
that there was no winning position with Book and Knight against 
Rook. The score was as follows : 

Oxford University. St. George's. 

Mr. C. D. Locock... 
Mr. R. W. Bamett 
Mr. F. G. Newbolt 

Mr. S. J. Buchanan 
Mr. 0. M. Grace ... 

99 >> 

Mr. A. Rutherford 
Rev. 0. F. Jones .. 
Mr. A. G. G. Ross 

1 V. Mr. F. Gover I 

V. Mr. J. I. Minchin 1 1 

) (Mr. W. S. Gover I 

i ) ' \ Mr. J. M. Heathcote, jun.. J 

1 i V. Gen. Pearse ^ 

1 ) r Mr. Barrow 

1 / ^' t Col. Salmond 

V. Mr. Dudley 1 1 

li V. Rev. W. Jowitt OJ 

Oi V. Mr. H. Gover 1^ 

Total 7 Total. 

On Thursday, April 1st, the two Universities met as usual at 
the St. George's Club. No Cantab, we are sure, will grudge 
Oxford their well won victory ; as no Oxonian, we hope, will 
grudge Cambridge the honour of the magnificent Boat Race two 
days later. But it is only just to mention that Cambridge had 
lost their two best men, Messrs. Roberts and ChepmeU, whom 
the call of duty had summoned ele where. Mr. G winner, succeeding 
to the captaincy in circumstances of difficulty, acquitted himself 
well against the formidable Oxonian Mr. Locock. Having the 
move he chose the Giuoco Piano, and taking a leaf out of his 
opponent's well-known book, sacrificed a Pawn for the attack, 
wMch he carried to a successful issue at the 33rd move after 
some very able play. Mr. Gwinner was playing for his 
University for the fourth time, Mr. Locock for the fifth and 

At Board No. 2 Messrs. Barnett and Young were once more 
opposed, having met last year at the fourth place ; and again 
Mr. Young was victorious. The Oxonian having the move chose 
the Vienna game, but did not make the most of the opportunities 
that opening presents ; and he was already at some disadvantage 
of position when, at his 24th move, he overlooked the loss of the 
exchange, and shortly afterwards had to resign the game. A 
second game was begun, and at the 2 1st move, when time was 
called, the umpire, Mr. Bird, had no difficulty in adjudging it to 


the Gantaby who had a well-supported passed Pawn to the good. 
Oambridge was thus successful at the two leading boards, but it 
was their turn to suffer from a "tail" this year, and they did 
not win another game. At the third board occurred the only 
drawn game ; it was a long and well-fought Buy Lopez of 57 
moves, in which Black (Mr. Newbolt) first won a Pawn dererly 
and then lost it back, the end-game showing at one point a 
slight winning chance for White, but at length, when it was 
adjudicated, a palpable draw. 

At the fourth board the Oxonian won two games, the first 
rather easily, haying the attack in a Queen's Gambit refused, 
with which his opponent did not appear to be conversant ; the 
second by some yeiy pretty play in a Giuoco Piano. Mr. Grace 
was playing for the first time, and from the four games we saw 
>iiTn win in the two days' play at the St. George's we augur a 
considerable Ghess future for him. The next game (IVench 
Defence) illustrates a common fault of young players, declining 
to simplify when sound judgment invites it. The Cantab avoided 
an exchange of Queens at the 27th move, no doubt because his 
opponent's forces were somewhat less developed. Had he ex- 
changed he could have won a dangerous passed Pawn and have 
been a Pawn ahead ; he remained with equal forces, but in the 
aubsequent stages of the game this Pawn was carefully nursed 
and discreetly advanced by Mr. Buchanan, until it gave him the 

At board No. 6 the opening was Scotch, and rather irregu- 
larly defended by the Cambridge player, who however came out 
with a fully equal game. But his 26th and 28th moves were 
weak, and gave his opponent a chance which he did not neglect. 
By the d2nd move White had sacrificed a Book for two Pawns, 
and now threatened a mate which Black could only put off for 
a few moves by sacrificing his Queen for a Pawn, an exchange 
which he did not think it worth while to make, and so 

At the last board the yoimg Cantab was obviously over- 
matched by his more experienced opponent, the Bev. C. F. Jones, 
and lost two games. In the former of these Black, defending a 
French opening, early obtained a fierce attack, White having 
castled on Q side in an exposed position; and after some brilliant 
sacrifices forced a mate at the 23rd move. This was the first 
game concluded in the match. The second game, a Scotch, was 
rather longer, but in a very few moves the defence began 
^ lose ground and there was not much real struggle. When 
time was called, at 6-45, only two games, at the second and 
third boards, remained for Mr. Bird to adjudicate. The score 
is appended : 



OxFOBD. Won. 

Mr. O. D. Locock, University 

Mr. R. W. Bamett, Wadham 

Mr. F. G. Newbolt, Balliol... J 

Mr. O. M. Ghrace, Queen's ... 11 

Mr. 8. J. Buchanan, New OoU. 1 

Mr. A. Rutherford, Brasenose 1 

Rev. O. F. Jones, Wadham... 1 1 



CAMBBiDaE. Won. 

Mr. H. Ot, Gwinner, Trinity.. 1 

Mr. F. M. Young, Trinity ... 11 

Mr. R. 8. Topham, Christ's., i 

Mr. 0. Warburton, Christ'a. 

Mr. H. E. Robinson, Non-CoU. 

Mr. J. T. Gibson, Clare 

Mr. E. H. Duke, Pembroke.. 



The following table, based on the careful compilations of the 
Bev. £. I. Crosse, appeared in the Field, and shows the fiill 
scores of the University matches from the first year of their 
institution : 


Won. Won. Drawn. 







1876 . . . . . ■ 



. ... 12 







, 2 

















••• o •••••••• 
















6 ........ 




>••• 67 .. 



Cambridge is therefore 5 matches and 17 games aheadl 
According to the conditions, no University man is permitted to 
compete in the annual Chess contest more than five times;. 
the following table will furnish useful information on the 
subject : 

Mr. Locock has played in 1882, 1883, 1884, 1885, 1886 

Mr. Bamett „ — — 1884, 1885, 1886 

Mr. Gwinner „ — 1883, 1884, 1885, 1886 

Mr. Young „ — 1883, — 1885, 1886 

Mr. Gibson „ — 1883, 1884, 1885, 1886 


At 7-45 the players were entertained by the St. George's 
Club at the usual locality, the Criterion; liir. Warner in the 
chair. The attendance of members of the Club was smaller than 
usual, some of our seniors, no doubt, shrinking from the rigours 
of an English spring such as that of 1886 ; and we missed the 
sparkling eloquence of Mr. Francis, so often kindled by Cam- 
bridge victories. But the party was large enough for enjoyment, 
and the merriment did not seem to suffer from any deficiency of 
numbers. After the loyal toasts the Chairman (himself, by the 
way, a highly distinguished colonel of volunteers) gave **The 
Army and Navy," to which Col. Boss, Canadian Commissioner 
of the Colonial Exhibition, responded. The toast of the evening-, 
** The Universities," was next proposed from the chair ; and the 
two Presidents, Messrs. Barnett and Gwinner, replied in fluent 
and humorous speeches. Mr. Wayte then gave the health of 
**The Umpire," and Mr. Bird replied. Mr. Gattie proposed 
** Chess and its Practitioners," coupled with the name of Mr. 
Hoffer, and the latter replied. Mr. Gibson proposed " The 
St. George's." coupled with the names of Messrs. Minchin and 
Wayte, and both replied ; and finally Mr. Newbolt proposed 
** The Chairman," to which Mr. Warner responded, concluding" 
the proceedings. , 

We append the scores of two more matches, with which the 
Chess week was brought to a close. Friday, April 2nd, was a 
bye-day for Cambridge ; but the indefatigable Oxonians en- 
countered and, what is more, defeated the British Chess Club, 
represented by eleven members of its second and third classes. 
Mr. Hoffer, Founder of the B. C. C, tells us in the Field that the 
result was unexpected by his clients. The match was concluded 
in the rather short space of three hours, and Mr. Hoffer, as 
umpire, adjudicated the unfinished games. Score: 

Oxford University. 

Mr. C. D. Locock, University.... J 
Mr. G. E.Wainwright, University I 
Mr. R. W. Barnett, Wadham.... i 

Mr. C. M. Grace, Queen's ^ 

Mr. H. F. Lowe, Balliol 1 

Mr. S, J. Buchanan, New 1 

Eev. C. F. Jones, Wadham 

Mr. A. Rutherford, Brasenose... 1 

Mr. A. G. G. Ross, New k 

Mr. A. T. Griffith, Oriel 1 

Rev. J. F. Welsh, Christ Church 

British Chess Club. 


Mr. A. Hirsch ^ 

Mr. H. W. Trenchard 

Mr. C. W. Simon \ 

Mr. W. G. Taunton.. \ 

Mr. R. Rabson 

Mr. W.W. Maokeson, 


Mr. E. 0. Jones 1 

Mr. B. West 

Mr. P. H. Cathcart... ^ 

Mr. H. Ree 

Mr. W. Ingoldsby ... 1 

Total 7 I Total. 


A match between the United Universities and Brighton has 
now become an annual event on the day of the Boat Bace. In 
the two previous encounters, 1884 and 1885, the try sting-place 
was at the City Club, and the Universities were successful by 
small majorities. The locality was this year transferred to the 
British Chess Club, and on Saturday April 3rd the Brightonians 
amply avenged their two previous defeats. Mr. Blackburne was 
the umpire, and adjudicated three of the games; Locock v, Butler 
(in this the Oxonian had overlooked a clear win a few moves 
previously), Wainwright v, Baper, and Warburton v, Lucas. 
The play must have been rather quick : the time was from 5-30 
to 9 p.m., and it will be seen that a second game was finished at 
three of the boards. Score : 

Brighton. Won. 

Mr. A. W. Butler . . . i 

Mr. H Erskine i 

Mr. W. Mead 1 1 

Mr. G. A. Baper 

Mr. W. Y. WHson ... 1 

Mr. W. Andrews 1 ^ 

Mr. A. Smith 1 

Mr. P. T. Lucas 1 

Total 7^ 

W. W. 

The Univeksities. Won. 

Mr. C. D. Locock, Oxford i 

Mr. H. G. Gwinner, Cambridge. . i 1 

Mr. B. W. Barnett, Oxford 

Mr. G. E. Wainwright, Oxford. . 1 

Mr. C. M. Grace, Oxford 

Mr. F. M. Young, Cambridge ... i 

Mr. 8. J. Buchanan, Oxford 

Mr. C. Warburton, Cambridge... 

Total 3J 


This Handicap, of which the names and classes were given 
at p. 67 of the February number, was brought to a conclusion on 
the appointed day, April 10th. We may again mention that 
there were 15 players, and consequently 28 games to be played 
by each. The two first prizes fell to members of Class I. B, Mr. 
Salter scoring 20 games and Mr. Gover 19. Mr. Salter has long 
been noted for steadiness and tenacity in even games, or when 
receiving Pawn and move ; but these qualities would not have 
carried him to the front place without the greatly improved skill 
in giving odds which he has lately developed. On the other 
hand, odds-giving is exactly suited to Mr. F. Governs style and 
temperament. The next in gross score was Mr. Wayte, with 17J ; 
but the deduction of 3 games reduced this to 14^^, and again 
threw him out of all chance of a prize. It was generally re- 
marked that Mr. Wajrfce's play during part of this Handicap was 
not up to his usual form, the fact being that he suffered from an 
obstinate cold. Mr. Gattie won the third prize with 1 6 J, competing 
this year for the first titiae in Class I. A ; Mr. Warner the fourth with 
15-1-1 = 16, Mr. Minchiu the fifth and last with 15. The other 
scorers of half their games or more were Mr. Burroughs, who 
won the first prize last year, 14 J ; and Mr. Marett, 14. W. W. 





The following is the fourteenth game of the match, played ai 

New Orleans on the 12th March. 

(Ruy Lopez*) 


(Mr. Steinitz.) 

1 P to K 4 

2 Kt to K B 3 

3 B to Kt 5 

4 Castles 

5 R to K sq 

6 Kt tks P 

7 B to Q 3 

8 Kt to Q B 3 

9 R tks Kt 

10 P to Q Kt 3 

11 B to Kt 2 
12Q toB3 

13 R to K 2 

14 B to R 3 (b) 

15 Q R to K sq 

16 Kt to R 4 (c) 

17 Kt to B 5 

18 R tks R ch 

19 B tks Kt 

20 B to R 3 

21 Q to K Kt 3 

22 P to Q B 3 

23 B to Kt 2 

24 B to B 2 

25 P to K R 3 


(Mr. Zukertort) 
PtoK 4 
Kt to Q B 3 
Kt to K B 3 
Et tks P 
Kt to Q 3 
Bto K 2 
Kt tks Kt 
P to Q B 3 
Kt to K sq (a) 
PtoQ 4 
Kt to B 2 
R to K sq 
Kt to K 3 
BtoQ 2 
Kt tks Kt 
P to Q Kt 3 
B to Q 2 
P to Q B 4 
BtoK 3 
Q to Q 2 (d) 
R to K sq (e) 
P to Q Kt 4 


(Mr. Steinitz.) (Mr. Zukertort.]^ 

26PtoQ4(/) PtksP 

27PtksP RtoQBsq 

28BtoQ3 BtoKB4 

29 B tks B Q tks B 

30 Q to Kt 4 (g) Q tks Q 

31 P tks Q P to K R 3 

32 R to K 2 P to Kt 5 
33PtoKKt3 PtoQR4(A) 

34 K to B sq 

35 P tks P 

36 R to K sq 

37 R to R sq 

38 K to K 2 

P toR 6 
Rto Rsq 
K toBsq 
RtoR 3 

39 K to Q 3 

40 P to Q R 3 (t) P tks P 

41 R tks P R tks R 

42 B tks R ch 

43 B to B 8 

44 B to Q 6 

45 B to K 5 

46 B to Kt 7 

47 P tks P 

48 B to K 5 

KtoQ 2 
P to Kt 3 
B to Q sq (J) 
KtoQ 2 

And Mr. Steinitz proposed 
draw, which was accepted. 

Notes by C. E. Ranken. 

(a) So far the moves are the same as in the tenth game of 
the match. Mr. Zukertort there played at this point R to K sq, 
upon which we think the text move is an improvement. 


(b) This seems the only post for the B under the cireum- 
stances. Black wisely declines to reply with B takes Kt 

(e) Kt to Q sq, in order to go to E 3 and Et 4 or B 5, looks 
good, but it might be met perhaps by P to Q 5. Of course 16 R 
to E 3, threatening B takes R P ch, would easily be answered by 
either B to Et 4 or P to E Et 3. 

(d) Of the two, Black has now the freer position, but already 
the coming draw looms in the distance. 

(e) Threatening B to B 4. 

(/) Almost necessary, for otherwise Black could play P to 
Q 5. 

ig) White could not here play Q to B 7, on account of the 
reply P to E R 3, followed by R to B 7, and, as if conscious of 
impending danger, he thinks it prudent to exchange Queens ; but 
he might have ventured, perhaps, on R to Q B sq. 

{h) R to B 3, to enable him to go to R 3, looks stronger. 

(t) Barring oversights, the draw is now clearly assured. 

(j ) A little analysis will show that it would not do to ex- 
change Bishops, but E to E 2 was harmless. The text move, 
however, is quite safe, as it is evident that White cannot get at 
the isolated R P. 

From the New Orleans Times- Democrat y March 21st, 1886. 

The great contest for the crown of the Chess world was duly 
resumed on Monday last. Dr. Zukertort having the opening, and 
as usual adopting the Queen's Gambit. Mr. Steinitz declined the 
proffered Pawn in normal style, by 2 P to E 3 and 3 E Et to B 3, 
but his adversary, as in the thirteenth game, again varied his 
fourth move, this time with 4 B to Et 5, a continuation doubtless 
familiar enough to Mr. Steinitz as having been played by himself 
with success in the Vienna Tourney of 1873 against Anderssen. 
But now as second player he refused to avail himself of the safer 
continuation of the great Prussian 4 ... B to K 2, and replied with 
what certainly seems a far less favourable move, namely 4 ... P to 
B 4, the result being that his opponent at once took of the Q P 
and then the E Et, Black being obliged to retake with the Et P 
and thus having his Pawns on the E's side badly doubled. Dr. 
Zukertort then developed his Q and his E B both upon the Q's 
flank, and had considerably the better opening, but, we cannot 
help believing, erred in judgment in precipitating his game too 
much by the following advance of his Pawn to E 4, Mr. Steinitz 



taking advantage of the opportunity to castle. White might 
apparently have followed suit with at least the advantage of a 
superior position for the end-game, but instead inaugurated a 
series of exchanges, again breaking Black's Pawns and leaving his 
opponent with two Rooks and B as against his own two Rooks and 
Kt, but remaining, after a check that forced his King to move to 
B square, with, all in all, the inferior position. A seemingly hasty 
move of his K Kt's P shortly after permitted a combined attack 
of every one of the hostile pieces upon his King's quarters and the 
enforced loss of his Q Kt P followed, leaving Mr. Steinitz with a 
Pawn plus, and that a passed one, upon his Q B's file. Thence- 
forth prospects looked gloomy for White, and indeed, though we 
are inclined to believe that his adversary did not make out of his 
superiority of force and position all that they justified, Dr. 
Zukertort's conduct of the uphill end-game that followed caused 
universal admiration. After a long and persistent fight, during 
which his remaining Pawn on the Queen's side fell, thus giving 
his adversary two passed Pawns on that flank, the doctor managed 
to penetrate with his R to the adverse King's side, captured two 
Pawns in return, seized an opportunity of exchanging Rooks, by 
pushing his own King's R P clear to R 7 drew the hostile King 
over to stop it, exchanged Kt for B, and almost immediately re- 
solved the game into a remise. It was undoubtedly one of the 
most exciting parties and the prettiest draw of the match thus far. 

Fifteenth Game of the match, played March 15th. 
(Queen's Gambit declined.) 


(Mr. Zukertort.) 

1 P to Q 4 

2 P to Q B 4 

3 Kt to Q B 3 

5 B P tks P 

6 B tks Kt (c) 

7 P to K 3 ((f) 

8 Q to Q Kt 3 (e) 

9 B to Kt 5 

10 P to K 4 (/) 

11 P tks Q P 

12 Kt tks B 

13 Q tks Q 

14 B tks Kt 

15 P tks P 

16 Kt to B 3 


(Mr. Steinitz.) 
P toQ 4 
PtoK 3 
Kt to K B 3 
P to Q B 4 (^) 
K P tks P 
P tksB 
BtoK 3 
Q toQ 2 
Kt to B 3 
Q tks Kt 
P tksB 
R to K sq ch 


(Mr. Zukertort.) (Mr. Steinitz.) 

17 K to Bsq BtoQKt3(^) 

18 P to K Kt 3 R to K B 4 

19 K to Kt 2 R to K 7 

20 K R to K B sq R tks Q Kt P 

21 P to Q R 4 R to Q B 4 (^) 

22 Kt to Kt sq R to Q R 4 

23 R to Q R 3 K to Kt 2 

24 Kt to K R 3 B to Q 5 

25 R to K sq R to K 4 

26 R to Q sq P to Q B 4 {i) 
27RtoKB3 RfrK4toK7 

28 R to K B sq R to Kt 3 {j) 

29 Kt to K B 4 R to R 7 

30 Kt to Q 5 R to K 3 

31 Kt to B 4 R to Q 3 {k) 

32 R to Kt sq ch K to B 3 (0 



33 R to Kt 8 

34 R to K R 8 

35 R tks P 

36 R tks P 

37 P to R 4 

38 R tks R 

39 P to R 5 (o) 

40 P to R 6 

41 P to R 7 

RtoR 7 
P to R 4 (m) 
PtoR 5 
R to Q 2 (w) 
K to B 2 
K to Kt 2 (p) 

42 Kt to K 6 ch K tks P 

43 Kt tks B P tks Kt 

44 R to Q 3 

45 R tks P 

46 R to Q R 4 

47 P to Kt 4 

48 K to Kt 3 

49 P to B 4 

And the game was drawn. 

R toB 7 
PtoR 6 
P to R 7 
K to Kt 3 
K toB 2 

Notes by C. E. Ranken. 

(aj Mr. Znkertort was so successful with B to B 4 here in 
the last game at this opening, that we wonder he did not try the 
experiment again. 

(bj The natural move is B to K 2, but Mr. Steinitz is deter- 
mined to keep to his favourite tactics of trying to isolate a Pawn. 

(cj Which, however, this time he is not allowed to do, and 
he has instead to submit to a badly doubled Pawn himself. Had 
White played P takes P before taking the Kt, Black could then 
have retaken the B with his Q. 

(dj If P takes P, then P to Q 5, followed by Q to R 4 ch, 
recovering the Pawn. 

(ej Not a good post for the Queen. We think P takes P was 
the correct play now, followed by B to Kt 5 ch; and K Kt to K 2, 
which would have given White the best of the opening. 

(f) White feared, perhaps, P to B 5 if he brought out his Kt, 
but it was better to put up with this than to keep his King's pieces 
so long undeveloped. The present move, though ingenious, is 
only skin deep, and the exchanges to which it leads are all in 
Black's favour owing to the exposed position of White's King. 

fg) Anticipating R to B square presently, and threatening R 
to Q 6 himself, which would render White nearly helpless. 

(7i) Intending R to B 7, but it enables White to bring his Kt 
round to the defence of the weak point. P to K R 4 would have 
served still to keep up the pressure. 

(ij We delineate the situation here, because at this stage we 
think Black ought from his superior position to have had no great 
difl&culty in winning. (See diagram.) 

(jj But now Mr. Steinitz begins to lose ground, and the 
pumber of the move shows that he was probably pressed for time. 
In lieu of this retreat we believe he could with safety push on his 
passed Pawn. 

(kj Black seems again somehow to lose time with this Rook. 
R to K 6 looks stronger as getting rid of the piece which threatens 
his doubled Pawns. 




(I) He could not interpose the R at Kt 3 without losing the 
doubled Pawns, but he might have kept the Rook out of his game 
by K to B 2, for White would then scarcely have ventured to double 
his Rooks. 

(mj It would hardly be safe, perhaps, to march on the other 
passed Pawn. 

(nj A good move, bringing his K up in time to stop the ad- 
verse R P. White would have done better at his last move to play 
R to R 8 instead of capturing the Pawn. 

foj He is obliged to drive on this Pavm as his only chance, 
since Black threatened P to R 6 and then R takes P ch, &c. 

(p) If P to K B 4, then 42 Kt to Q 3, R to B 7 (best, for if 
P to B 5, then 43 R takes P ch, K to Kt 2, 44 R to B 4, &a), 
43 P queens, B takes Q, 44 R takes P ch, K to K 3, 45 R takes P 
and draws. 

Position after Black's 26th move. 

Black (Mr. Steinitz.) 

Whitb (Mr. Zukertort.) 


From the New Orleans Times-Democrat, 

The game of Wednesday, the 17th, proved a hard-fought battle 
to a certain point, but was scarcely so interesting as its predecessor, 
Dr. Zukertort, before beginning, complained of complete insomnia 
during the night previous, and indeed seemed physically out of 
form. For the seventh consecutive time, Mr. Steinitz made his 
devotions at the shrine of the venerable Caissan saint of Hispania, 
and another Ruy Lopez grew into being on the mammoth board 



before the expectant audience. For the seventh consecutive time, 
Dr. Zukertort, too, parried the thrust with a blade of Berlin 
manufacture ; but a thrill of surprise ran through the spectators 
as Mr. Steinitz was seen to abandon his trusty (if rusty) 4 Castles 
and adopt the exciting (if Anderssenian) coup of 4 P to Q 3 ! 
** What is coming next) " doubtless thought the agitated on-lookers; 
but when Dr. Zukertort boldly retorted with the equally exciting 
reply 4 ..., P to Q 3, and his adversary answered with 5 P to Q 
B 3, there was a beautiful aspect of pious, religious resignation on 
the faces of the whole audience. And they needed it. For the 
next twenty-five moves or so, the partie drifted on in one of those 
close, dull, so-called position-battles usual in the Lopez, and re- 
markable only for its absence of combination and conspicuousness 
of what could not be done, until at his thirty-second move Dr. 
Zukertort rather imprudently separated his Pawns on the Queen's 
flank, leaving the Q R P and Q B P both isolated and subject to 
an attack that Mr. Steinitz was not slow skilfully to institute. 
Within a few more moves \^ became fairly evident that one or both 
must fall, and doubtless preferring to die amid fireworks rather 
than be smothered by inches with a wet blanket. Dr. Zukertort 
sacrificed his Bishop for the adverse Q R P, gaining in return only 
a few innocuous checks, and at the hour of adjournment (after 
sealing his forty-fourth move) his game was almost certainly lost. 
Indeed, upon resuming play, but four more moves were made when 
he resigned. 

Sixteenth Game. 

(Ruy Lopez.) 


(Mr. Steinitz.) (Mr. Zukertort.) 

1 PtoK4 

2 Kt to E B 3 

3 B to Et 5 

4 P to Q 3 (a) 
6 P to Q B 3 

6 P to Q 4 (c) 

7 Q Et to Q 2 

8 P tks P {d) 

9 Et tks Et 

10 Q to E 2 

11 BtoQ3 

12 P to B 3 (/) 

13 Et to Kt 3 

14 B to E 3 

15 P to E R 4 

16 Et to Q 2 

PtoE 4 
Et to Q B 3 
Et toB3 
P to Q 3 (6) 
P to E Et 3 
BtoQ 2 
B to Kt 2 
Q Et tks P 
P tks Et (6) 
Q toE 2 
P to Q R 4 
Et to Q 2 
Pto R 5 


(Mr. Steinitz.) (Mr. Zukertort.) 

17 P to R 5 P to E Et 4 

18 EttoBsq(^) EttoB4 

19 B to Q B 2 E R to Q sq 

20 Et to Et 3 

21 Castles Q R 

22 R to Q 2 

23 Kt to B 6 

24 P tks B 

25 Q tks R 

26 P to E Et 4 Kt to B 3 

27 B to E 4 R to Q sq 

28 Q to Q B 2 

29 B to B 2 {j) 

30 P to R 3 

31 R to Q sq 

32 P to Q B 4 

B to Q 2 Qi) 
P to Q B 3 
BtoE 3 
B tks Et {{) 
R tksR 
Et to Q 2 

Et to Q 4 
P to Kt 4 
B to B sq 
Q to Et 2 {k) 


33 Q tkfl B P R to Kt sq 

34 R to Q 2 Kt to Kt 3 

35 Q to B 3 (0 Kt to Q 4 

36 Q to B 4 Kt to Kt 3 

37 Q to Q 3 B to K 2 

38 R to B 2 Kt to Q 4 

39 Q to B 4 B tks P (m) 

40 P tks B Q to Kt 8 ch 

41 K to Q 2 R to Q sq 

42 B tks Kt R tks B ch 

43 K to K 3 R to Kt 4 

44 Q tks B P R to Kt 6 ch 

45 K to K 2 K to R 2 

46 P to B 6 (n) R to Kt 7 

47 R tks R Q tks R ch 

48 K to B sq Q tks P 

49 Q to K 8 

Black resigned. 

Notes by C. E. Bankbn. 

(aj At last Mr. Steinitz adopts a different, and we believe a 
stronger form of this opening than that which he has hitherto 
selected. (See 12th game, note (a). 

(b) It is a disputed point whether B to B 4 can be safely 
played here ; we believe that it can be, and certainly it leads to a 
more interesting game. 

(cj A departure from the usual continuation by P to K R 3, 
B to K 3, Kt to Q 2, &c., and we do not think an improvement, 
for evidently White has now lost a move with his Q P. Of course. 
Black in reply cannot take the K P on account of 7 P to Q 5, 
P to Q R 3, 8 B to Q 3, winning a piece. 

(d) The exchange of Pawns seems necessary, for otherwise 
Black would exchange, and then castle, with the better game. 

(e) Black cannot take B with B on account of the reply Kt 
takes B P, winning a Pawn. 

C/J Intending to make a raid upon the enemy's camp by 
marching on his K R's and K Kt's Pawns presently, which he 
could not do without this support. 

(g) In order to come to Kt 3 and B 5. 

fh) This allows White to carry out his intention of housing 
his King in safety. It would be better, we think, to retreat the 
K B to B sq, and if the Kt then came to B 5, to play Q to K 3. 

(ij And here we should have preferred Q to B sq, keeping 
on the Q B, which of the two has now the most scope for attack. 

(jj He might now win a Pawn by B takes Kt, but he wants 
to keep his two Bishops. 

(k) An error of which Mr. Steinitz takes prompt advantage. 
Black should have played Q to B 2. - v 

(I) If B takes Kt and Q then takes Q B P, Black exchanges 
Queens, and the Bishops being on opposite colours, easily draws 
by R to B sq. 

(mj Desperation. He cannot save the Q B P now, so risks 
everything to get an attack ; but it is very short lived. 


(n) A settler ! threateaiog to check at K 4, aad then mate 
with the R at B 8 ; if, to prevent this, Black retreats the R to 
Kt sq, then by the same moves White wins the Queen. 

Position after White's +6th move. 
Blaok (Mb. ZnKERTOitT.) 

White (Mb. Steinitz.) 


From the New Orleans Tim^- Democrat. 
The contest of the 19th instant was not only one of the most 
interesting of the match, but waa also, in many respects, a capital 
specimen of the powers of both players ; of Dr. Zukertort for 
conducting a complicated and strenuous attack, and of Mr. Steinitz 
for maintaining a stubborn and successful defence imder virtually 
losing conditions. The opening was another Queen's Gambit 
declined, which Dr. Zukertort, aa first player, conducted up to 
i B to Kt 5 as in the fifteenth game of the match, while Mr. 
Steinitz abandoned his evidently heterodox i ,.., P to Q E 4 of 
that game and substituted Anderasen's reply 4 ..., B to K 2, 
manifestly to his advantage, we think. Whatever he gained in the 
way of position, however, was lost by a weak tenth move, whereby 
be sought to develop on the Queen's side by bringing his Q Kt, 
then at Q 2, to Q Kt 3, Dr. Zukertort seized the opportunity 
offered, and by a series of deeply calculated and elegantly ag- 
gressive moves, crowded nearly all the black pieces upon the first 
and second ranks, and so cramped and confined hu adversary's 
game that eyentual victory seemed almoat certain. Nor were the 


fean of Mr. SteiDitz's friends lessened when, in consequence of a 
pretty combination of his opponent, he was compelled to submit 
to the loss of the exchange at his twenty-sixth move. But luck, 
or such luck, at all events, as Chess admits of — the luck that lies 
in some momentary physical imperfection or weakness of the 
adversary in those mysterious centres creative of thought — luck 
was in his favour. From that point Dr. Zukertort's play seemed to 
weaken curiously, and, indeed, at his thirty-third move he over- 
looked what would, we believe, have been a winning cotfp, in failing^ 
to capture the adverse Bishop with Rook. On the other hand, the 
excellence of Mr. Steinitz*s conduct of the ending was quite as 
marked. Directly upon his lucky escape, by a neat bit of finessing 
he forced the exchange of Queens and simultaneously brought 
his Knight into position to guard his passed Q Et P an^ 
gained a vital move with his King. There is some question 
whether Dr. Zukertort shortly after might not even yet have 
decidedly increased his chances of avoiding the draw by bringing 
his Rook into the black side of the board earlier than his forty- 
ninth move, at which he took this step ; but, at all events, Mr. 
Steinitz ultimately succeeded in advancing his Pawn to Kt 6 and 
in stationing his Kt at R 6, while his King prevented the passage 
of the hostile monarch, thus securing a well-earned draw. 

It is pleasing to note that interest in the great match seems 
wholly unabated if, indeed, it be not on the increase, as the play 
goes on. Large and appreciative audiences of members and invited 
non-resident guests have closely and attentively watched the 
games during the week, and every local player of note has found 
time to witness, if not the whole, at least a part of every game. 
Among the many visitors to the club during the play we note the 
names of Mr. Geo. Y. Green, the president of the Manhattan Chess 
Club, of New York ; Lieut. -Gov. H. Clay Knobloch, of Louisiana ; 
Dr. J. L. Hale, of Boston, Mass. ; Gen. J. C. Breckenridge, U.S.A. ; 
Mr. W. H. Cashman, of Vicksburg, Miss., and the former president 
of the once flourishing Chess club in that city ; Mr. Ellis T. Hart, 
of Centre ville. Miss., and his father, Isaac x. Hart, Esq., now of 
Woodville, Miss., but in the old Morphy days one of our strongest 
local players, and many others. Mrs. and Miss Fjriedlander, of 
London, were also frequently present, and at Wednesday's partie 
Mrs. John A. Morris, of this city, accompanied by her nieces the 
Misses Broadwood, of London, watched the game throughout. 

We may add that some surprise has been manifested in the 
club owing to the public announcement on the part of both 
masters that by an additional agreement between themselves, 
made in St. Louis, it has been determined that if at any time 
their scores stand 8 to 8, the match shall be considered drawn. 
Under this stipulation, should Mr. Steinitz win one more game he 
is assured of a draw, at least. 



Seyenteenth Game, played March 19th. 

(Queen's Gambit declined.) 


(Mr. Zukertort) (Mr. Steinitz.) 

1 PtoQ4 

2 P to Q B 4 

3 Kt to Q B 3 

4 B to Kt 5 

5 Et to K B 3 

6 P to K 3 

7 BtksP 

8 Castles 

9 Q to E 2 

10 B to K 4 

11 PtksP 

12 E R to Q sq 

13 P to E 4 (d) 

PtoE 3 
Et to E B 3 
B to E 2 (a) 
P tks P (b) 
Q Et to Q 2 
P to B 4 (c) 
P to E R 3 
Et to Et 3 
Q Et to Q 2 
Bto E 2 
Et to E sq (e) 
Q to Et 3 

15 B to E Et 3 

16 P to Q R 3 (/) P to Q R 4 

17 Q R to B sq Et to B 4 

18 B to B 4 B to Q 2 

19 B to E 3 B to Q B 3 

20 Et to Q 4 R to Q sq 

21 E Ktto Et 5 (g) R tks R oh 

22 R tks R B tks Et 

23 Et tks B Q to B 3 {h) 

24 P to Q Et 4 P tks P 
26 P tks P 
26 Et to Q 4 


(Mr. Zukertort.) (Mr. Steinitz.) 

27 Et tks P {j) Et tks P 

28 Et tks R 

29 Et to Q 7 

30 Q to Q 3 

31 P to R 3 

32 R to Et sq 

33 Q tks Et (k) 

34 R tks B 

35 E to R 2 

36 Q to B 4 

37 Q tks Q ch 

38 E to Et 3 

39 E to B 4 

40 P to R 4 

41 P to Et 4 

42 R to Et sq 

Et tks B 
Q to Et 5 
Q toE 3 
Et tks B 
Q tks Et 
Q to E 8 ch 
Q to Q 3 ch 
E to B sq (/) 
Et tks Q 
E toE2 
E toE 3 
EtoQ 4 
P to Q Et 4 
EtoB 4 

Et to Q 2 (%) 
QtoE 5 

43 R to B sq ch E to Q 4 

44 E to E 3 Et to B 5 ch 

45 E to E 2 P to Et 5 

46 R to Q Et sq E to B 4 

47 P to B 4 Et to R 6 

48 R to B sq ch E to Q 5 

49 R to B 7 (m) P to Et 6 

50 R to Et 7 E to B 6 

51 R to B 7 ch E to Q 5 (w) 

52 R to Kt 7 

The game was abandoned as drawn. 

Notes by C. E. Ranken. 

(a) Mr. Steinitz wisely now rejects P to B 4, which he 
prematurely played at this point in Game 15. 

(h) But this seems only to help White's development ; our 
choice would have been P to Q Et 3. 

(c) Once more "harping on my daughter," *.e. the isolation 
of a Pawn. 

(d) White has now far the best of the opening, his pieces are 
all free, whereas Black's are much shut up and cramped, which is. 
owing, we think, a good deal to his 6th move. 




(e) Kt to B 2 looks preferable, followed presently by either 
Et to Kt 4, or by R to K sq and Kt to B sq accordingly, for the 
Et at K sq blocks the E R. 

(f) Enabling him to dislodge the Kt or B if it came to B 4. 

(g) A stronger line here, we think, was to retire the B to 
B 2 and Et sq, threatening Q to B 2, for the exchange of pieces 
only aids Black to free his game. 

(h) Necessary, to prevent R to Q 7. 

(i) Kt to R 3 was better. 

(j) The whole of the combination culminating in this move 
has been very finely conceived by Mr. Zukertort. Black must now 
either lose the exchange for a Pawn, or two clear Pawns, and 
naturally he chooses the former. We give a diagram. 

Position after White's 27th move. 
Black (Mr. Steinitz.) 



White (Mr. Zukertort.) 

(h) Surely R takes B was the proper course here, compelling 
the answer Et to Q 4 (for otherwise White wins a piece by R to 
K 4), and then taking the Pawn. 

(I) From this point Black's plucky and skilful play of his 
King (Mr. Steinitz's well-known forle) comes out most remarkably, 
and is duly rewarded. 

(m) The only move, we believe, to save the game, because 
it attacks Black's Pawns. 

(n) We have looked carefully through this instructive ending, 
and cannot see where the play ou either side could have been im- 
proved. If, instead of moving his K now, Mr. Steinitz had covered 
the check with his Kt, the following would have been the result : 
Kt to B 5, 52 R takes P (best), P to Kt 7, 53 R to Q Kt 7, K to 
B 7 (or A), 54 P to B 5, P queens, 55 R takes Q, K takes R, 



56 K to B 3, and Black can certainly do no more than draw. 
(A) Kt to R 6, 64 P to B 5 (if R to B 7 ch, then K to Kt 5 and 
wins, but White could probably draw by 55 R takes Q Kt P), 
Kt to B 7 or P queens, 65 R takes P or Q, and wins. 

Position after White's 51st move. 

Black (Mr. Stbinitz.) 

White (Mr. Zukertort). 


From the New Orleans Times-Democrat, March 23rd, 1886. 

The eighteenth game of the Steinitz-Zukertort world's champion- 
. ship Chess match, and the eighth of the New Orleans series, was 
played yesterday afternoon at the rooms of the Chess, Checkers 
and Whist Club. 

It detracts nothing from the renown of the distinguished 
combatants to record the fact that in spite of their name and fame 
the crowd that waits upon their movements and with eager 
eyes follows their every action grows smaller rather than larger. 

They are the same visitors now that witnessed the first game — 
only there are fewer of them. The two players looked exactly as 
they did on the first day, and a casual visitor at the initial contest 
and again at that of yesterday, though a month has elapsed be- 
tween the dates, might be tempted almost to believe that players, 
chessmen, board, table, audience, everything — even the beautiful 
smile upon the scorer's face and the solemn silence that reigns 
through the room were merely a stereotype of the scene presented 
at the first game. 

Yesterday's game contained nothing of decided originality or 
brilliance, and it was not remarkable for its dullness. It was a 


short game — as world-championship games go — and added one 
more to the number gained by Steinitz. The latter is now very 
near the goal of victory, but two more games to win and he is 
Chess champion of the world. Zakertort has five games to his 
credit, and appears to be in bad luck, having won but a game 
since his advent to the Crescent City. 

For the eighth time during the match Mr. Steinitz opened with 
the Ruy Lopez, and for the eighth time Dr. Zukertort followed 
his Berlin tactics in defending himself. At the fourth move the 
spectators began to wonder in their minds whether the new de- 
parture made by Steinitz at this point in the last game would be 
repeated by him. He hesitated for a few minutes, and then decided 
to repeat the move of the ante-penultimate game P to Q 3, the 
move in question being the favourite with Anderssen. Zukertort 
answered with his previous reply, P to Q 3, and from this point 
down to the end of the tenth move there was no variation from the 
moves of the sixteenth game, with merely a transposition of the 
eleventh and twelfth moves on the part of Steinitz, and of the 
eleventh and thirteenth on the part of Zukertort ; the game was in 
fact, for two moves further, a copy of that named. Then, at the 
thirteenth move, Steinitz, instead of Kt to Kt 3, played Kt to B sq, 
and the moves subsequently made were unlike those of any pre- 
ceding game. For a few moves Steinitz appeared to have no 
definite plan of action. The players were equal in the number of 
their men, and in value, save for Zukertort's very trifling advantage 
of a Knight over a Bishop, gained in the twenty-first move. A 
few moves further, however, and Steinitz began to oppress the 
opposing King. All his forces were centred on the objective point, 
and when the Doctor's Rook showed signs of obstreperousness 
Steinitz forced an exchange and the Rook went down at the 
thirty-second move. Steinitz scored another point by castling, 
which he had deferred doing until thus late in the game. Zuker- 
tort struggled bravely amid the meshes that were being woven 
about him. All thoughts of victory must have left him by this 
time, and he could not have hoped for better than a draw. But, 
luckily perhaps for the patience of the public, even that was not 
to be. At the 39th move Steinitz, after slow and careful deliber- 
ation, sent his Q to B 3. His next move — Q takes P— had been 
already made in the minds of the spectators before even the doctor 
had time to reply, and resignation or checkmate for the latter 
was writ upon the wall. Zukertort 's reply to the 39th move was 
preceded by full twenty minutes' deliberation ; then he played 
P to K 5 ; Steinitz replied by capturing a Pawn, checkmate was 
in sight for the doctor, Stein itz*s face beamed with the smile 
induced by impending victory, and the doctor, with a quick, 
sudden, nervous movement, turned down his King and signified 



that he had thrown up the sponge, Steinitz had played two hours 
and ten minutes, and the doctor had one hour and fifteen minutes 
to his credit. 

Eighteenth Game. 
(Ruy Lopez.) 


(Mr. Steinitz.) (Mr. Zukertort.) 

1 P to K 4 

2 Kt to K B 3 

3 B to Kt 5 

4 P to Q 3 

5 P to Q B 3 

6 P to Q 4 

7 Q Kt to Q 2 

9 Kt tks Kt 

10 Q to K 2 

11 P to K B 3 

12 B to Q 3 

13 Kt to B sq 

14 P to K Kt 4 

PtoK 4 
Kt to Q B 3 
Kt to K B 3 
P toQ 3 
P to K Kt 3 
B toQ 2 
B to Kt 2 
Q Kt tks P 
P tks Kt 

P to Q R 4 (a) 
Q to K 2 
Bto K 3 
K R to Q sq 


(Mr. Steinitz.) (Mr. Zukertort.) 

15 P to K R 4 (&) Q to Q 2 

16 B to B 2 P to K R 4 (c) 

17 P to Kt 5 

18 Kt to K 3 

19 P to Q B 4 

20 B to Q 3 

21 Kt to Q 5 (e) 

Kt to K sq 
Q to B 3 (d) 
Kt to Q 3 
Q R to Kt sq 
B tks Kt 

Final position. 

Black (Mr. Zukertort.) 

22 B P tks B 

23 B to Q 2 

24 R to Q B sq 

25 R to B 5 

26 R tks Q P 

27 P to R 3 

28 B to B 3 

29 Q to K B 2 

30 B to Kt 6 

31 R tks R ch 

32 Castles (i) 

33 B to B 4 

34 B to Q 5 

35 P to B 4 (j) 

36 P to B 6 

37 B to R 2 

38 P tks P 

39 Q to B 3 

Q toQ 2 




Q to R 5 {g) 

P to Kt 3 

Q to K sq 

Kt to B sq (//) 

Q to K 2 

Q tksR 

Kt to R 2 

Kt to B 3 

Rto Bsq 


Kt to K 2 (k) 


B to B sq 

P to K 5 (/) 

40 Q tks R P 
And Mr. Zukertort resigned. 

White (Mr. Steinitz.) 


Notes by C. K Ranken. 

(a) The moves up to this point are all but the last one 
identical with those of the 16th game of the match, in which Mr. 
Steinitz castled on the Q's side. Mr. Zukertort now makes a 
demonstration to deter him from this manoeuvre, but, though 
it has that effect, it does not afterwards turn out well. 

(b) This attack is very bold, because he seems thereby to 
deprive his E of all shelter, since he cannot safely castle on the 
other wing. 

(c) In the 16th game the B Kt had gone to Q 2, so that 
Black was able at this point to play P to K E 3, and then P to 
E Kt 4 as soon as the R P came on. 

(d) Something more vigorous seems called for here ; why not 
PtoKt4] * 

(e) Mr. Steinitz having obtained a commanding position with 
the Pawns on his E's side, now proceeds to develop his Q's pie'ces, 
and, throughout the game, gives us an excellent example of what 
he means by '* nursing minute advantages " 

(/) By no means good, but it is difficult in such a cramped 
impasse to find a satisfactory course ; the weakness of Black's P at 
Q R 4 now begins to be apparent. 

(g) A futile sally, losing two moves. Mr. Zukertort*s play in 
this game is much below his real strength. 

(h) Necessarily blocking his Q R, for otherwise White would 
win the E P if he defended with Q R to Kt sq. 

(i) It is not often that one sees castling so late in the game, 
and in such an open position ; evidently it is quite safe. 

(J) The reserve forces now advance, and decide the day. 

{k) Again, very feeble ; P takes P, or K to R 2 would at 
any rate prolong his power of resistance. 

(I) There was clearly nothing to be done. 


From the New Orleans Times-Democrat, March 25th, 1886. 

The nineteenth game in the world championship Chess match 
was played yesterday at the Chess, Checkers and Whist Club. It 
was the tenth of the New Orleans series, and proved the shortest 
since the advent of the two great antagonists here, the first game 
ending in a draw alone excepted. Steinitz won again, and has 
thus almost annihilated Zukertort's chances of retaining the 



world ch&mpionship, for Steinitz has nine games to his credit, and 
but one more success will give him the much coveted title of 
world champion, and tho by no means insignificant stakes thej 
are playing for. Zukertort is far behind him, having scored 
but five games in all, and only by a linking together of improba- 
bilities can he now overtake his rival. 

The doctor was certainly in bad form yesterday. This was 
demonstrated by his face, which was inclined to be haggard, and 
by his eyes, which were ringed. Steinitz, on the other hand, wore 
his customary calm and impassive appearance. Nothing ever 
seems to disturb Steinitz, unless the pendulum of his clock hap- 
pens to be swinging during Zukertort's deliberations. Then he is 
excited for a moment. But this rarely happens. 

Nineteenth Game. 
(Queen's Gambit declined.) 


(Mr. Zukertort.) 

1 P to Q 4 

2 P to Q B 4 

3 Kt to Q B 3 

4 B to K Et 5 

5 Kt to K B 3 

6 P to Q B 5 (a) 

7 P to Q Kt 4 

8 Q P tks P (c) 

9 P to Q R 3 

11 KttoQR4 

12 P to Kt 5 (/) 

13 P to Kt 3 

14 P tks P {g) 

15 B to Kt 2 


(Mr. Steinitz.) 
P toQ 4 
Pto K 3 
Kt to K B 3 
BtoK 2 
P tksP 
P to Q R 4 
P to Q 5 {d) 
P tks B (e) 
Pto K 4 
BtoK 3 
P to B 3 
Kttks P 
R to Kt sq 


(Mr. Zukertort.) 

16 Q to B sq {h) 

17 P to K 3 

18 Kt to Q 2 

19 Castles 

20 P to B 3 

21 P tks Kt 

22 K to R sq 

23 Kt to B 3 

24 K Kt to Kt sq 

25 Q to B 2 (m) 

26 Q tks K B P 

27 Kt tks Q 

28 Kt to B 3 (w) 

29 Q R tks B 

And White 


(Mr. Steinitz.) 
P to Q 6 {i) 
PtoK 6 
P toB4 
R to K sq {j) 
Kt to Q 5 {k) 
Q tks P ch 
P to K 6 (Z) 
Bto B 3 
P to Q 7 
B to Kt 6 
P queens 
Btks Kt 
PtoK 7 
Q tks Kt 

Notes by C. E. Rankbn, 

(a) We agree with Capt. Mackenzie in denouncing this as 
"an ill-advised attempt to obtain a superiority on the Queen's 
side." Of course P to K 3 was the correct move. 

{h) Taking the bull by the horns at once, and with a vigour 
which never relaxes for a moment afterwards. 

{c) This is only making matters worse ; he had still a good 
game by Kt P takes P. 



(d) An excellent stroke. White cannot take the P without 
haying his Queen's wing broken up, and if he play Et to Et 5, the 
reply is Et to B 3. 

(e) Much stronger than taking with the B, for in that case 
White would have proceeded with Et to E 4. 

(/) He cannot play P to E 3 until either he has done 
this or removed his Et to Et 2, which we think was now the 

(g) Surely P to Et 6, though not satisfactory, was pre- 

(h) R to Q Et sq seems a better way of averting the threp.t- 
ened B to Et 6. 

(i) Good again, for if the Pawn be taken, White's castling is 

(j) A very deep move, if regarded in connection with what is 

(k) Probably Mr. Steinitz had foreseen that White would 
endeavour to break up his Pawns, and had before resolved in that 
case on this fine and perfectly sound sacrifice. (See diagram.) 

Position after Black's 20th move. 
Blaoe (Mr. Steinitz.) 

1 i 




M i 



M mum 



White (Mr. Zukbrtort.) 

(Z) Of course, much better than taking the Et, for then P 
takes P would have given White rather the best game. 

(m) A more hopeless and forlorn position it is difficult to 

(w) If 28 R to R 2, then P to E 7, 29 R to E sq, Q to B 7, 



From the New Orleans Times-Democrat, March 30th, 1886. 

The eleventh game of the series in New Orleans, and the 
twentieth of the great match between the champion players 
Steinitz and Zukertort, opened at 1 o'clock yesterday in the par- 
lours of the Chess, Checkers and Whist Club. They were in their 
seats on time, Steinitz facing Dryades street and Zukertort facing 
Ba-onne street. 

Steinitz played first, moving the white. Zukertort, who was 
still s'lfifering from the effects of his recent illness, appeared 
nervously weak, his slim, delicate fingers running through his 
moustache, and pulling at his whiskers. He sat with his legs 
crossed, frequently clasped his hands together, cast furtive glances 
around the room, seemed unable to comprehend the combinations 
of the complex game that he was in vain endeavouring to study 
out to a conclusion, would get up, and, after pacing the floor for 
awhile, return to his chair, press his hands to his brow, sip of ice 
water, and strive to gather up the threads of the labyrinth of 
moves spread before him. 

Steinitz sat with his feet wide apart, his arms, for the greater 
portion of the time, in front of him, resting on the table, his eyes 
constantly fixed on the board, the intensity of his thoughts con- 
centrated on the game that was in progress. 

They played for a half hour each, when Steinitz won at the 
eighteenth move, Dr. Zukertort losing his Queen and resigning. 
He said that he was wholly unable to play, being in the same con- 
dition as he was after the London tourney of 1883, where he lost 
three games in succession after having won twenty-two out of 
twenty-three previously played. He could not yesterday see any 
of his moves ahead, and was easily vanquished. 

The match thus ended was for j(2000 a side and the champion- 
ship of the world, and the money and honour both go to Steinitz, 
who won the ten games necessary to the victory. 

Twentieth Game. 

(Steinitz Gambit.) 


(Mr. Steinitz.) (Mr. Zukertort.) 
lPtoK4 PtoK4 

2 Kt to Q B 3 Kt to Q B 3 

3 P to K B 4 P tks P 

4 P to Q 4 (a) P to Q 4 (b) 

5 P tks P (c) Q to K R 5 ch 

6 E to K 2 Q to K 2 ch 

7 K to B 2 (d) Q to R 5 ch 
8PtoKKt3(e) P tks P ch 
9KtoKt2 KttksQP(/) 


(Mr. Steinitz.) '(Mr. Zukertort.) 

10 P tks P Q to K Kt 5 

11 Q to K sq ch B to K 2 
12BtoQ3 KttoKB4(^) 
13 Kt to B 3 B to Q 2 
14BtoKB4(^) PtoKB 3 
16 KttoK4 KKttoR3(*) 
16BtksKt KttksB 
ITRtksKt PtksR 

1 8 Kt tks B P ch Black resigns. 



Position after White's 18th move. 
Black (Mr. Zukertort.) 

White (Mr. Stbinitz.) 

Notes bt C. E. Rankbn. 

(a) Mr. Steinitz, it will be remembered, t^«d this opening 
three times in the London Tourney of 1883, bat lost two games 
out of the three. He was probably induced onoe more to venture 
it now by the state of his score, which made it impossible that he 
should lose the match. At any rate, it is a most welcome change 
from the monotony of the Ruy Lopez. 

(b) This line of defence is Mr. Zukertort's own invention, but 
the Q P is usually sacrificed after the check at R 5. 

(c) White has two other feasible moves here, Kt takes P and 
B takes P. The text play leads either to a draw by perpetual 
check, or to a very hazardous attack ; Mr. Steinitz, however, 
always adopts it. 

(d) If K to B 3, the Q goes back to R 5. 

(e) The only alternative to accepting a draw. Captain 
Mackenzie says that Mr. Steinitz has lately analysed this move 
more carefully, and now believes it to be safe, 

(/) At this point in the London Tourney Messrs. Englisch 
and Tchigorin played B to Q 3 and won. The soundness, how- 
ever, of giving up the Et is rather doubtful. 

iff) Necessary, to prevent E to R 4. 

(h) White could now win a piece by Kt to K 5 and then Kt 
takes B, so tiiat Black's last move was a very bad one. 

(i) This loses a clear piece, and consequently the game, and 
the match. It is a pity that this great contest should have ended 
in so inglorious a manner, but it is quite evident that in the last 
few games Mr, Zukertort's play was affected by his state of health, 
which, we understand, entirely broke down under the continuous 
mental strain to which it was subjected. 



Chess nr London. 

Not much surprise has been felt here at the decisire yictoty 
jachieved by Mr. Steinittik in the championship match, for it was 
generally believed that the games of the middle portion of the 
match showed that Mr. Zukertort was playing somewhat below 
his best form, and this was feared by his friends to be almost 
fatal to his chances in the latter part of the match. It cannot 
be doubted for a single moment i^at Steinitz, both physically 
and mentally^ has more staying powers about him than are 
possessed by his opponent. In tMs connection I may just state 
that a weU-known player said to me before the match had com- 
menced^ ** Tou'll see if Zukertort lose the first two or three 
games right off he will cc^apse altogether, but if Steimtc lose 
nine games clean off the reel he will play the tenth with just 
the same pertinacity with which he played the first. 8teinit2 
never plays better tikan when fighting the uphill battle ; Zuk^- 
tort only shows at his best when fortime smiles." 

I am glad to see that Mr. Herbert Ja<K)bs is making efforts 
to get together a team of London UniTen^ty players and so far, 
I understand, his efforts have been crowned with very great 

The OiTT OF London Chess Ol^tb is "all alive and kicking.*' 
Its thirty-fourth annual dinner Iras held at the Salutarion ok 
the 1 3th April when a numerous company sat down under the 
chairmanship of Mr. C, G. Cutler, with the Eev. J. J. Scargill 
and Mr. H. F. Gastineau in the Yice-chairs. Amongi^ other 
prominent players I noticed 1h.e Hevs. G. A. MacDonn^ and G. 
Sunmer, and Messrs. Anger, Argall, Atkinson, Blackburne, Block, 
Clarke, Down, Duffy, Heppell, Hirsch, Hooke, Loveld^k, Lord, 
Bidpa^ Stevens, Webber, &c. The toast of the evening-^ 
" Prosperity to the City of London Chess C^ub "-^was given by 
^e CSiiairman and was warmly received. The healths of Hie 
various officials of the dub were also drunk, as well as that of 
the Honorary membera (responded to by M^se^. Blackburne 
and MacDonnell), and the Visitors (-acknowledged by Mr. 
BilLzmii). The toast of the Chess press was warmly receiv^, and 
Mr. P. T. Duff^ in responding thereto made a eharaoteristicc^y 
amusing, and eloquent i^eech. There was but one shadow at 
the festive board and that was cast by the enforced absence of 
the genial secretary from ill health. A *' City dinner" without 
the presence of Geo. Adamson was indeed a strange thing, but 
sickness had claimed him, and in his absence the assistant secre- 
tary, Mr. Mackie, responded for the health of the secretaries. 


Song, recitation, sentiment, and toast fiUed up the evening and 
the company separated at a late hour. 

In the Winter Tournament of the City Club Mr. E. P. 
Griffiths (3rd class) has won the first prize with a score of 8 out 
of 9. Next come Mr. G. A. Hooke (2nd dass) with 7 out of 9, 
and Mr. C. J. Woon with 6 out of 8, but as the latter has still 
a g^ame to play they may tie for second and third prizes. The 
relatiye position of the remaining seven players will aU be 
affected by the result of the remaining unplayed five games. In 
the Spring Tournament play in several sections is completed. 
In No. 1 Mr. Howard wins with 9 out of 9. In No. 2 Mr. 
Marshall wins with 7i out of 9. In No. 3 Mr. Coles with 8 out 
of 9. In No. 4 Mr. Herbert Jacobs with 8 out of 9. In the 
remaining 8 sections play is not yet completed. 

The Bbitish Chess Club is also very active and its rooms 
(open daily) are well attended. It is arranging a novel Interna- 
tional match, for it has proposed to the Cercle des Echoes, Paris, 
that a match between the two clubs shall take place during the 
Easter Holidays, a convenient place on the coast of France being 
agreed upon for the encounter. Dieppe, Boulogne, or Calais 
has been suggested, and to one of these places, as may be fixed 
upon, a team of twelve or fifteen EngHsh players will journey 
wlulst a like team of French players will journey thither from 
Paris. As I write I do not know whether the final arrangements 
have been concluded but have little fear that the match will be 
brought about. The British Chess Club has also arranged a 
match by correspondence with the St. Petersburg Chess Club 
for £40 a side. As Bird, Blackbume, Hoffer, MacDonnell, &c., 
may be expected to take part on the English side, and Tchigorin, 
with the assistance of other strong players, on that of the 
Bussian, a fine display of Chess-play may be expected. 

It is a ''far cry " to go back to tiie proceedings of last year's 
meeting of the British Chess Association but I notice that one 
of the prizes connected therewith has just been awarded. Mr. 
Cubison offered a prize of £3 3s. for the best report of the pro- 
ceedings of the meeting, and this piize he, after consultation 
with Mr. Lewis, has awarded to the writers of the respective 
reports that appeared in Land and Water and the Leeds Mercury 
Weekly Supplement as being equal. The latter paper states 
that the writer of the report that appeared in its columns is Mr. 
J. G. Cunningham, of London, and I am in a position to state 
that the report in Land and Water was written by the same pen. 
I should think it would be a little surprising to Mr. Cubison to 
find that his prize, though divided by him, thus found itself 
united again. 



Four-liaiided Oliess seems to be looking up. My friend of 
Purssell's looks upon it with contempt. '* Four-handed Chess ! " 
said he, ^' Not for me ! So long as nature has only given me 
two hands I shall let four-handed Chess alone.'' This only 
shows what an old humbug he is, for I know he has tried the 
game and would praise it only lie and his partner always get 
beaten. The London Four-handed Chess Club is a recogmsed 
facty for its members have eaten their first annual dinner and 
every Englishman knows what that means. The dinner came off 
on the 1 3th April at the Holbom Bestaurant, and was a successful 
gathering, the founder of the Club, Major Vemey, being in the 
chair. Several games were contested and an enjoyable evening 
was spent. 

On Saturday 10th April a match was played at the City 
Restaurant, Milk Street, between a team of Surrey and a team 
of Essex players. The latter team was weakened by the absence 
of the Walthamstow Club, which partly accounts for the result 
being so adverse to them. Score 7 to 4 as below : 


Beardsell i 

Beyfus I 

Burroughs 1 

Clarke 1 



Jacobs Herbert 

Perceval 1 

ReesL. P 1 

Sargent 1 

Sherrard i 



Yyse W. E. (Wanstead) ... i 
Smith A. (Leytonstone) ... 

Merrill (Leytonstone) 

Adams (Chingford) 

Davison (Leyton) 1 

Hardy (Leytonstone) 1 

Weightman (West Ham)... 1 
Chandler (Leytonstone) .... 

Thompson (Wanstead) 

Smith T. J. (West Ham)... 
Jones (Leytonstone) i 

Total 4 

The handicap tourney at Purssell's finished with Mr. Gunsberg 
(scratch) first and Mr. Fenton (Pawn and move) second. 

J. G. C. 

Chess in Scotland. 

On Saturday, 27th March, the Wanderers' Chess Club (Glas- 
gow) played a match with the Arlington Chess Association at the 
Arlington Baths, and defeated them by 10 J games to 6^. 


On the 3rd of April, the Wanderers encountered the AthensBum 
Chess Clab in the Bridge Street Station Hotel, Glasgow. This 
match was also won bj the Wanderers, but by the narrow majority 
of one game — ^the scores being Wanderers 10^, Athenseum 9^. 
An unfinished game, which was declared by the Umpire as a win 
for the Wanderers, decided the match in their favour. 

The annual competition, open to members of the Edinburgh 
Chess Club, for the Club prizes, has recently been concluded. Mr. 
D. M. Latta is the Gold Medalist for the year, and the other 
prizes fell to Messrs. Meikle, Galloway, and Macfie. 

The Championship of the Glasgow Chess Club has been won 
this year by Sheriff Spens. Mr. Barbier who won it last year, and 
who now holds the Championship Cup of Scotland, ran him very 
close, being only half a game behind. 

Scottish Chess Association. 

The third annual Congress was begun on Monday, 5th 
April, in the Booms of the Glasgow Chess Club, 79, Queen 
Street, Glasgow. There can be no doubt that this meeting 
has been more successful than either of its predecessors. It was 
unfortunate that Mr. D. Y. Mills of London, the winner of 
the Championship Cup for 1885, and Mr. John Crum of Glasgow, 
the first Champion, were unable to attend. Mr. Meikle and Mr. 
John Fraser, of Edinburgh, both of whom competed in last year's 
Congress, were also absent ; but on the other hand Messrs. Barbier 
and Russell, both of Glasgow, neither of whom competed in any 
of the preceding contests, entered the Major Tournament. It was 
matter of regret that Mr, John Court of Glasgow, undoubtedly one 
of the strongest players in Scotland, could not spare time to 
compete in more than the Handicap Tournament. The players 
who did compete in the Major Tournament are of known strength 
and reputation, and it was impossible at the outset to predict, with 
any approach to certainty, the highest or the lowest scorer in the 

The programme was the same as that of previous years, and 
included : — 

(1) Major Tournament. Prizes, Ist, Championship Cup, value 
£25, for one year, and £4 4s. ; 2nd, £2 2s., and 3rd, £1 Is. 

(2) Minor Tournament. Prizes, 1st, £3 3s., and 2nd, £2 28. 

(3) Handicap Tournament. Prizes, 1st, £3 3s., and 2nd, 
£1 lis. 6d. 

In the Major Tournament there were 1 2 entrants, viz : — Mr. 
G. B. Fraser, Dundee ; Mr. A. I. McConnochie, Aberdeen ; Mr. 
J. H. C. McLeod, of Bilbao and Glasgow, and Sheriff Spens and 
Messrs. Barbier, Chambers, Forsyth, Fyfe, Gilchrist, Marshall, 
Kussell, and Thomson, all of Glasgow. The following are the 
scores in detail in the Major Tournament : — 







• fH 


















G. K Barbier 

John Russell 

John Gilchrist .... 

G. B. Fraser 

J. H. C. McLeod . 

P. Fyfe 

J. D. Chambers.... 
James Marshall.... 

Sheriff Spens 

David Forsyth .... 
G. A. Thomson .... 
A- I. McConnocbie 












































Mr. Barbier is thus the third winner of the Championship Cup, 
and Messrs. Russell and Gilchrist receive the 2nd and 3rd prizes 

In the Minor Tournament there were 13 entries as compared 
with 7 and 8 in 1884 and 1885 respectively. These were Mr. 
W. W. Robertson, of the Edinburgh Chess Club, Mr. James Phillips, 
Helensburgh, Mr. Wm. Hodge, Dumbarton, Mr. Wm. Service, M.A., 
Airdrie, Mr. J. Mackenzie, Islay, and Messrs. Berwick, Black, 
Finlayson, Lyness, McCombie, Maclean, Seligmann, and Shand, all 
of Glasgow. The result of their play is as follows : — 














I— t 
















J. M. Finlayson . 

Alex. Berwick 

W. W. Robertson 

G. Shand 

James Phillips.... 
W. Seligmann .... 

R. Lyness 

J. Mackenzie ... 

Wm. Black 

Wm. MeCombie . 

Wm. Hodge 

J. D. Maclean .... 
Wm. Service .... 

















































* Scored by default. 


A few games remained unplayed, owing to want of time on the 
part of the players, hut none of these could effect the prize-winning 
with the exception of that hetween Mr. Lyness and Mr. Robertson, 
which the playing committee decided Mr. Robertson was entitled 
to claim. Mr. Finlayson accordingly won the first prize, and 
Messrs. Berwick and Robertson tied for the second with an even 
score. One game played between them, to determine the prize 
winner, was won by Mr. Robertson. It is noteworthy that these 
gentlemen tied in last year's Congress for the same prize. On that 
occasion Mr. Robertson also won the deciding game. 

In the Handicap Tournament there were fourteen entrants, who 
were classed as follows: — Class I., G. B. Eraser, Spens, Court, 
McLeod, Forsyth, Gilchrist, Fyfe, and Chambers. Class III., 
Maclean, McCombie, Finlayson, Mackenzie, and Shand. Class lY., 
Hodge. This contest was carried through on the pairing system, 
one won game being decisive. 

Class I. gave to Class III. Pawn and two moves, and to 
Class lY., Knight. The following are the pairings and results : — 


Chambers v. Hodge Chambers* 

Forsyth v. Finlayson Finlayson 

Fyfe V. McLeod McLeod 

Spens V. Mackenzie Spens 

Maclean v. Eraser Eraser 

McCombie v. Shand Shand 

Gilchrist v. Court Court t 


Chambers v. Spens Chambers 

Eraser v. Court Eraser * 

McLeod V. Finlayson McLeod 

Shand — a bye. 


Chambers v. McLeod McLeod 

Eraser v. Shand Shand 


McLeod V. Shand McLeod 

Mr. McLeod won the first prize and Mr. Shand the second. 

The play in all the competitions may be described as of a much 
higher standard than that of previous years. This is undoubtedly 
due to the impetus which the Association has given to the 
development and cultivation of Chess throughout the country. 

* After drawing a game. t After drawing two games. 



The annual general meeting of the Assooiation was held on 
the evening of Friday 9th April, at 8-30 o'clock. Sheriff Spens 
took the chair. The first business done was the election of office- 
bearers. All the former office-bearers, with the exception of 
Messrs. Court and Crum, directors, who by the rules retired this 
year and were ineligible for the current year, were re-elected. 
Mr. John Russell and Mr. John D. Chambers, both of Glasgow, 
were elected in room of the retiring directors. The office-bearers 
are now as follows : — 

President — Sir Archibald Orr-Ewing, Bart., of Ballikinrain, M.P. 

Vice-Presidents — Sir Wyndham C. Anstruther, Baronet, of 
Carmichael; Rev. John Donaldson, MA., Kirkconnel Manse 
("Delta") ; G. B. Eraser, Dundee, and Walter C. Spens, Advocate, 
Sheriff-Substitute of Lanarkshire, Glasgow. 

Directors — John Eraser, B. A., Edinburgh ; Christopher Meikle, 
Edinburgh; John S. Pagan, Crieff; Dr. James Clerk Rattray, 
Edinburgh and Blairgowrie ; Arthur Russell, Cupar-Fyfe ; D. Y. 
Mills, London; A. I. McConnochie, Aberdeen; Rev. George 
McArthur, M.A., Edinburgh; John Russell, Glasgow, and John 
D. Chambers, Glasgow. Secretary and Treasurer— David Forsyth, 
169 West Greorge Street, Glasgow. The Treasurer was then csdled 
upon and read the following statement as to the funds of the 
Associafdon. 1884. 


33 Life members . . .£69 6 

115 Annual do 28 15 

Entry-moneys, &c ... 15 7 5 

JB113 8 


Championship Cup... £25 

Prizes 17 6 6 

Expenses 28 16 7 

Balance 42 5 4 

£113 8 5 

Balance bro't down... £42 5 

1 Life member 2 2 

84 Annual do 21 

Entry-moneys, &c.... 11 5 8 



4 Prizes £17 6 6 

Expenses 12 15 6 

Balance 46 11 

£76 13 


Balance bro't down.. £46 11 

3 Life members 6 6 

96 Annual do 24 

Entry - moneys, &c., 

say 12 6 

£89 3 

£76 13 


Prizes £17 6 6 

Expenses, say.. 15 12 

Balance 56 4 6 

£89 3 
p 3 


The next point, the Chairman said, was the fixing of the time 
and place of the next annual meeting. The question of time was 
first considered, and ultimately motions were proposed and seconded 
that the time of meeting should be April and July, 1887, re- 
spectively. These motions were put to the meeting, and the 
resolution to have the meeting in July, 1887, was carried by a 
majority. As regarded the place of meeting, the Chairman 
proposed that the meeting should take place in Edinburgh, as the 
representative city of the East of Scotland, as Glasgow this year 
had, as it were, represented the West of Scotland. No counter 
motion was proposed, and it was accordingly resolved that the next 
congress should be held in Edinburgh in July, 1887, on a week to 
be afterwards fixed by the committee, and intimated in the Chess 
column of the Glasgow Weekly Heixdd at a date not later than 
the preceding April. 

As regarded a problem competition, the Chairman said he was 
afraid the funds of the Association would hardly justify a proposal 
of this kind at present. Mr. E« N. Frankenstein, of London, then 
rose and said that in return for the kindness he had received from 
Scottish players on the occasion of his frequent visits to Glasgow 
during many years, it would afford him pleasure to give &b 5s. as 
a nucleus for a prize fund for a problem competition among 
Scottish players and members of Scottish Chess Clubs. The 
Chairman warmly thanked Mr. Frankenstein for his generous 
offer, and proposed that the Association should meet it by a vote 
of £5 5s. from their own funds. This was at once assented to by 
the meeting, and a committee cousisting of Sheriflf Spens, and 
Messrs. Barbier, Crum, Fyfe, and Russell was appointed to draw 
up rules for the proposed competition. On the suggestion of the 
Chairman, it was also arranged that, on the conclusion of the 
correspondence tournament now in progress, the committee should 
have power to start another on Eiimilar terms. Votes of thanks to 
the Chairman and to Mr. Frankenstein brought the meeting to a 

It was suggested in the course of the meeting that a public 
testimonial, on account of his great service to Chess, should be 
presented to Mr. G. B. Fraser, Dundee. For many years Mr. 
Eraser was acknowledged to be the best Chess-player in Scotland, 
and as a Chess analyst, and the discoverer of many important and 
interesting variations in different openings, he holds a position 
unique among living British Chess-players. Mr. Fraser is eminently 
deserving of this recognition, not only by Scotch but by all British 
Chess-players throughout the world, and the proposal will doubt- 
less be cordially received by English as well as Scotch players. 
Subscriptions will be received by the Chess Editor of the Glasgow 
WeeUy Hevald. D. F. 


Ghebb nr Ibelanb. 

In prospect of the great gathering in Belfast next September- 
October at the 2nd Annual Tourney of the Irish Chess Association, 
stir and activity of an unostentatious but business-like kind bid 
fair to prolong the Chess season in Ireland. In Belfast and its 
neighbourhood the work of coUeotion and organisation proceeds. 
Mr. Steen and Mr. Downey, the local Hon. Sees., are most suc- 
cessful in their canvas. The amount subscribed though still to be 
counted by tens incresBes so rapidly that all doubt as to financial 
support is removed, and Mr. Magowan (Banker) the local Treasurer 
may not have the sinecure generally anticipated for such an office. 
In Dublin also and throughout Ireland Mr. A. S. Peake, the Hon. 
Sec. and Treasurer of the Association, is experiencing no small 

But the stir and activity do not end with finance — the players 
at the different clubs and Chess resorts are practising or training 
for the tournaments. In addition to the Dublin (Molesworth St.) 
Club and the St. Patrick's (Merrion Bow), the Richmond (Harcourt 
St.) and the City and County of Dublin Chess Clubs (Dawson St.) 
are vigorously at work. 

The Sussex v. Ireland Correspondence match stands Sussex 3, 
Ireland 2, so far — Messrs. Morphy and McCrum having won for 
Ireland against Messrs. Erskine and Raper, while Messrs. Leuliette 
and McArthur and Mrs. Smith for Sussex have won from Messrs. 
Pollock and Peake and Mrs. Rowland. 

It would be well to bear in mind that at Bel&st during the 
last week in September and first week in October there will be an 
open Tournament in which valuable prizes will be in competition, 
the particulars of which can be obtained from Mr. A. S. Peake, 
12, Marino Crescent, Clontarf, Co. Dublin. 

On Wednesday the 28th April, the Richmond Club, 75, Har- 
court Street, Dublin, entertained a strong team of the St. Patrick's 
Club — consisting of Messrs. G. F. Barry, G. D. Soffe, A. S. Peake, 
J. Morphy, D. O'C. Miley, J. C. Newsome, and J. R. Arthur — in 
a Handicap match with Messrs. S. Harris, J. Harris, T. Terrington, 
J. White, W. R. Wolseley, R. D. Hamilton, and A. MacDonnell, 
The play was very lively. In less than an hour Mr. Newsome, 
giving Q Et to Mr. White, announced a mate, and a few minutes 
later Mr. S. Harris, receiving Q Kt from Mr. Soflfe, had a victory. 
Each pair of combatants had to play '' the best of three games," 
and eventually it was found that although the St. Patrick's team 
scored four matches out of the seven, the games won on each side 
were equal. 


A meeting of the Irish Chess Association Council took place at 
Mr. Peake's residence, 12, Marino Crescent, Clontarf, on the 30th 
April, Mr. T. Long, President, in the chair. The preliminary 
programme for the Belfast meeting was settled. There will be a 
Major Tourney with chief prize of not less than iS20, Entrance, 
£1, and in this, the best score by an Irish resident will make 
him Tournament Champion of Ireland for the year. There will 
also be a Handicap Tourney with valuable prizes, and blindfold 
and simultaneous play. The proposed date for commencement is 
the 18th September. K. A. K 

Meetdto at Hubdebsfield. 

The thirty-first annual meeting of this association was held 
at Huddersfield, on Saturday, April 1 7th, and was remarkably 
successful, there being between seventy and eighty gentlemen 
in attendance from various towns in the West Hiding. The 
meeting was held in the large room of the Technical School and 
Mechanics' Institute, and the following is a list of the gentlemen^ 
who, in addition to the president— Alderman Woodhouse, ex- 
Mayor of Leeds — were present : — 

Bradford : — Messrs. Hartwig Cassel, L. H. Browne, A. Fatto- 
rini, C. A. Miiller, J. A. Woollard, Q-. A. Schott, 0. Quarkowsky, 

C. Ogden, G. Smith, and T. Spencer. Berry Brow: — Mr. A. 
Dawson. Dewsbury : — Messrs. M . Bhodes, S .Ward, J. Woodhead, 
W. W. Yates, W. E. Jackson, and W. J. Eggleston. Holmfirth : — 
Messrs. B. Coldwell, J. Moorhouse, and Jonas Charlesworth. 
Huddersfield: — Messrs. J. Watkinson, A, P. Wilson, T. S. Yates, 
F. A. Hopkinson, W. L. Wilmshurst, J. Turner, J. P. Boberton, 
Ed. Dyson, J. W. Sykes, W. E. Thomas, J. Jessop, Dr. Barkley, 
0. E. Hobson, G. E. Eodley, T. Wilson, J. A. Shaw, J. A. Moss, 
J. C. Walker, W. H. Wolstenholme, W. Marriott, J. Copley. 
Leeds : — Mr. E. Gaunt (Mayor of Leeds), Messrs. J. White, J. 
Eayner, E. Toothill, C. Q. Bennett, E. B. Hussey, W. Boothroyd, 
J. W. Stringer, J. Moorhouse, J. Pearce, W. Trickett, J. Craven, 

D. Herman, T. W. Tate, J. M. Brown, E. Taylor, A. Bilbrough, 
T. Y. Stokoe, J. Hudson, D. Parry. Manchester : — Mr. C. A. 
Dust. Shefl&eld: — Eev. E. J. Huntsman, Messrs. H. de C. 
Huntsman, S. B. Slack, J. W. Barton, G. A Askham, F. E. 
Foster, H. A. Eossell, E. Lund, and G. H. I. Huntsman. 
Wakefield : — Messrs. W. Eea, A. H. Hawke, and J. B. Manning. 
York : — Mr. H. Jackson. 


The committee of the local club had made arrangements for 
tonmeys with an entrance fee of 26. 6d. each player, and not less 
that £10 in addition was given in prizes. It was also provided 
that the players should be arranged in sets of four according to 
their reputed skill, and that prizes of 20s. and 10s should 
be given in each set. The number of competitors was limited to 
forty, and the local committee decided that no money prizes 
should be given, but that the prizes should consist of various 
articles of certain value. The room was open at noon for play, 
but in accordance with custom play did not actually begin till 
2-30, the Leeds players not arriving early enough to make a 
start sooner. 

As will be seen from the return given below, there were four 
classes — twelve players in the first and second classes, and eight 
in the third and fonrth, making forty players altogether ; and 
play went on till after six o'clock. 

At half-past six an adjournment was made for tea, which was 
served in one of the other rooms by Messrs. Hesketh and 
Birkenshaw. The chair was occupied by Alderman Woodhouse, 
ex-mayor of Leeds, who was supported by Alderman Gaunt, 
mayor of Leeds, Mr. J. Watkinson, Herr Cassel, the Rev. E. J. 
Huntsman, Mr. J. B. Manning, Mr. S. Ward, and others. 

Tea having concluded, the CHAiSMAir said that twelve months 
had elapsed since he was present on an occasion similar to the 
present at Wakefield, and on that occasion he had the honour, 
for the first time, of presenting the challenge cup which they 
were good enough to receive at his hands two years ago. (Loud 
cheers.) On looking on the shield at the back of the cup, which 
was twelve months ago blank, he found an inscription, which, 
under the circupistances, considering that the cup was going to 
ShefiS.eld, might be considered as Bradford's epitaph. (Laughter.) 
The only anxiety he had was that the best club should always 
have the cup in its possession. (Hear, hear.) Twelve months 
ago he felt a degree of disappointment that the cup did not come 
to the town in which he lived — it would have been a little more 
agreeable to him if the cup had remained in Leeds — (laughter) — 
but if the Leeds players could not beat Bradford and Sheffield 
Leeds did not deserve to have the cup. (Applause.) He had 
great pleasure in presenting the cup to the captain of the Sheffield 
team— the Eev. E. J. Himtsman— in whose hands he had no 
doubt it would be in safe keeping, and he weis perfectly sure the 
Sheffield players would do the best they could to retain the cup. 

The Eev. E. J. Huntsman, in the name of the Sheffield Club, 
expressed their sincere thanks to Mr. Woodhouse for the 
presentation of this cup to the Yorkshire Chess Association, and 
he hoped that the best club for the time being would always win it. 


Sheffield had managed to do it this time, contrary to their 
expectations in a great measure, for when they entered they had 
very little hope of coming to the front. They had to thank Mr. 
Woodhouse on account of the great improvement in Chess 
throughout the whole county. Many of the younger players had 
improved marvellously) especially in Sheffield and in some other 
towns ; and the presentation of the cup had caused other dubs to 
be started, and they would, he thought, soon rise to be able to 
compete for the cup, and then the difficulty of obtaining it would 
be far greater than it had been before. , 

Herr Oabsbl said he was very glad that Sheffield had won 
the cup, and he thoroughly endorsed the observation of Alderman 
Woodhouse when he said he hoped that the best dub would 
always win it. He was certain that the establishment of the 
cup would do a great deal towards the cultivation of Chess in 
Yorkshire, and he was glad that the competition was not confinod, 
as originally, to the West Yorkshire Chess Assodation, but had 
been thrown open to the whole county. 

The meeting then considered the proposed amalgamation of 
the association with the Yorkshire County Chess Club. The 
matter was introduced by Mr. E. Dvsoir (Huddersfield), who 
said it might be thought, from the resolution he had put on the 
paper, he wished to give the coup de grace to the West Yorkshire 
Chess Association, but he did not intend to do anything of the 
sort. He was an old member of the association, having attended 
its meetings for more than twenty years, and he had a very high 
appreciation of the services and the value of the association. 
Last year, when the question of the formation of the Yorkshire 
Chess Club was first brought forward, many members of the as- 
sociation did not give it a cordial support, because they were 
afraid that it might interfere with the work of this association, 
not because they wished to discourage any efforts that might be 
put forth in the cause of Chess, but because they thought that 
two societies with aims so similar, and with an area and work 
almost the same, were not necessary, and would be more likely 
to cause competition and keen rivalry than emulation. (Hear, 
Hear.) He had heard that feeling expressed many times during 
the year, and he believed there had been one example of that 
very thing, for at one of the meetings of the committee of the 
Yorkshire County Chess Club the question was brought forward 
as to whether they should not have the management of the 
Woodhouse Challenge Cup competition. He trusted that if the 
age, experience, and wisdom of the old association were blended 
with the youth, energy, and enthusiasm of the yoimger, a better 
association would be formed than having two separate ones. He 
was pleased to have the opportunity of placing the question 
before the meeting and he now moved : — 


'^That it is now desirable that the association be amalgamated 
with the Toi^diire County Chess Club." 

In oondusion, he suggested that the title of the joint association 
might be *^ The Yorkshire Chess Association." 

The Be7. E. J. KinrTSicAK (Sheffield) said he had enjoyed 
the meeting more than any of the others he had attended. It 
would, he tiiought, be a pity if this association were to be defunct, 
because it was doing a very good work, and it would be, he 
thought, disadvantageous to have two disunited societies side by 
side, and occasionally having little jealousies and rivalries. It 
would be for the benefit of Chess in Yorkshire to have the whole 
of tbe dubs amalgamated so that the County Committee could 
choose the best team to fight another great county battle. There 
is no doubt that the West Yorkshire Chess Association had had 
great experience, and done a very important work for Chess- 
playing throughout Yorkshire, and it would be greatly for the 
benefit of Chess that the two societies should be amalgamated, 
and he, therefore, had much pleasure in seconding the resolution. 

Herr Cassel (Bradford) said that about a year ago he would 
himself have proposed to amalgamate the two societies, but 
circumstances had arisein which would make it necessary to con- 
tinue them both, and he was convinced that there was plenty of 
room for both* (Hear, hear.) The West Yorkshire Association 
had done very good work for the county, and he did not see why 
it should be abolished, for they did not know whether the 
County Club would go on or not. He moved : — 

''That a special committee be appointed representing each 
dub in the West Yorkshire Chess Association to discuss and 
adopt new rules for the association." 

Mr. W. W. Yates (Dewsbury) moved — " That the question of 
amalgamating the West Yorkshire Association with that of the 
Oounty Chess Club be referred to a committee, whose report 
shall be presented at the next meeting of the County Association, 
and a dedsion given at the next meeting of the West Yorkshire 

Mr. Eea (Wakefield) suggested that such clubs as Hudders- 
field, Dewsbury, and Wakefield should be represented on the 
committee. He supported the amendment, as he did not think 
the time had come to discontinue the West Yorkshire Chess 
Assodation, which was quite a difi'erent organisation from that of 
the County Club. The West Yorkshire Association had had some 
most delightful meetings, and he considered that there was 
plenty of room for the two associations. 

Mr. John Watkinsoit (Huddersfield) stated that the Hud- 
dersfidd Club had decided to withdraw from the West Yorkshire 
Chess Association, not that they did not approve of doing all 


they oould for Ohess ia Torkshire, but they thonght l^t two 
societies were not needed. If the amalgamation were affected, 
they would haye the strength of two associations, which might 
be worked by the same officials, and to some extent the same 
management. The Huddersfield dub had a history of its own. 
Thirty years ago this month the establishment of the West 
Yorkshire Chess Association was proposed at a meeting of the 
Huddersfield Club, on whidh occasion a match was played with 
Wakefield. Mr. Shepherd and Mr. Eobinson, of Wakefield, 
and Mr. Marsden and Mr. Taylor, of Huddersfield, all long 
since dead, were among the competitors, and he (Mr. Watkinson) 
belieyed that he was the only one there that afternoon who was 
at the original meeting. As many of them knew he had done 
what he could for Chess in Yorkshire — (applause) — and he 
should be happy to continue to do so as long as he had strength, 
but he had not energy enough to throw into two organisations. 
He did not want to do away with these meetings, for they were 
most enjoyable, but he thought matters might be so arranged 
that the two associations might be fused and worked under one 

Mr. T. S. Yates (Huddersfield) pcnntod out that Sheffield 
left the association on account of the distance they had to come 
to the meetings, and Halifax left on account of the expense, and 
the probability was that if the two associations were contLaued 
separately they would not be as successftd as if they were 

Mr. Masklnq (Wakefield) spoke in favour of the amendment^ 
and said the matter was scarcely ripe for decision. 

The amendment, as forther altered to suit the yiews of Heir 
Cassel and Mr. Kea, was then put and carried. 

It was decided that each club nominate its representatiyes on 
the special committee, and that the meeting be held at Dewsbuiy 
on the 29th of May. 

Mr. Seth Ward gave a yery cordial invitation for the next 
annual meeting to be held at Dewsbuiy next year, and it was 
unanimously accepted. 

On the motion of the Bey. E. J. Huntsman, seconded by 
Mr. T. S. Yates, a vote of thanks was warmly accorded to the 
Chairman, who, in reply, contrasted the quiet game of Chess 
with the game of football, such as he witnessed at Leeds on the 
previous Saturday, when he had to attend as deputy for the 
Mayor of Leeds, with the Biot Act in his pocket — (laughter) — 
and 115 men under him. There was, however, not the slightest 
sign of a row. He was glad to find the association in sucl^ 
a healthy condition, and he hoped that on the question of 
amalgamation — on which there was a great deal to be said on 


both sides — ^the dedsioii come to would be such as to reoommend 
it to the general bodj of Chess-plajers. 

The proceedings at tea then concluded, and play went on in 
the large room till close on ten o'clock. The gathering was one 
of the most successful ever held. 

The following are the details as to the play :— 

FntsT BoTTiTD. Glass A. Seooitd Bottnd. 

Spencer (Shipley) beat E. J. Huntsman) m^xv-n v^^x 

(Sheffield) « V -"-^^^"^ ^®** 

Toothill (Leeds) beat EosseU (Sheffield) j »P®i^o®'- 

Rayner beat 

Bennett beat 

Tate beat Slack. 

Jackson (York) beat Hussey (Leeds) 

Bayner (Leeds) beat Schott (Bradford) 

Stokoe (Leeds) beat Foster (Sheffield). 

Bennett (Leeds) beat Askham (Sheffield) / Stokoe. 

Glass B. 
Ogden (Bradford) beat Hawke (Wakefield)... ) Woollard beat 
Woollard (Bradford) beat Graven (Leeds) ... r^- ^- 

Tate (Leeds) beat Brown (Leeds) 

Slack (Sheffield) beat Woodhead (Dewsbury) 

Dyson (Huddersfield) beat Moorhoose (Leeds) ) Dyson beat 

Barton (Sheffield) beat Boberton (Hud'field) j Barton. 

Glass G. 
Walker (Huddersfield) beat Jessop (Hud^field) ) Goldwell beat 
Goldwell (Holmfirth) beat Ehodes (Dewsbury) J Walker. 
Quarkowsky (Bradford) beat Mtiller (Bradford) ) Quarkowsky 
Snow (Sheffield) beat G. Huntsman (Sheffield) / beat Snow. 

Glass D. 
Fattorini (Bradford) beat H. Huntsman) -p -» . 

(Sheffield) \ SSrS 

Pearce (Leeds) beat Wihnshurst (Huddersfield) ) ^ awormi. 
Herman (Leeds) beat Browne (Bradford) ... ) Herman beat 
Manning (Wakefield) beat Turner Hud'field) i Manning. 
There were first and second prizes in each set. 


France. — The two chief prizes in the handicap tourney of 
the Gafe de la E6gence have been won by M. Ladislas and M. 
De Biyi^re in the order named. At the Grand Gerde des Echoes 
the victors in the handicap were the Gount de Tamisier (2nd 
dass), M. Istel (2nd dass), and Dr. Porte (3rd class). The 
Goimt de Tamisier has won a match of Dr. Porte giving P and 
move, and an even match with M. Istel. Great animation has 
been displayed at the Gerde in Ghess matters during the winter 


GEBMAinr.^In the oonespondenoe match between Munioh 
and Prague the latter has won one game and drawn the other. 
As a preparation for the Jubilee festiral of the Munich Club, a 
handicap tourney with 30 entrants is now in progress. The 
festival will commence on July lOth, and there will be a Princi- 
pal Tourney and two Lower Tourneys, a banquet, an excursion 
to Nymphenburg, &c., &c. The value of the prizes and fuU 
particulars will be announced later. 

In consequence of difficulties put in the way by the directors 
of the Curhaus, the Wiesbaden Ohess Olub has removed from 
that establishment to the Hotel Yictoria. 

At Stroebeck, noted for its peculiar historical game, a ladies' 
Chess dub has been formed, which had at its foundation eleven 
members. Miss Frederica Bruns presides over its management, 
and the meetings are on Wednesday evenings. 

There are no less than seven Chess clubs at Cd.mar, viz :— 
The Augustea, The Nobility and Professors' Chees Union, The 
Ehenish Chess Club, The Jewish Chess Club, The Catholic 
iToung Men's Club, The Monthly Chess Union of the Athletic 
Club, and The Military Chess Club. What more could one 
have? (Schachzeitung,) 

We have received a packet containing a number of copies of a 
very interesting weekly Chess magazine entitled '^Briiderschaft,^' 
published at Braunschweig by Herr Albert Heyde. Each number 
consists of either four or eight pages, and the contents comprise 
problems, games, and Chess news. The price is about 2/- a 
quarter, post free. 

Austria. — The Bohemian Chess Club, "Cesky spolek 
Sachovni," at Prague, has a Chief Tourney and a Handicap 
now in progress. AU the principal players, including Messrs. 
Dobrusky, Moucka, and Dr. Kvicala, are taking part in the 
former, and the latter has 13 pairs contending in three classes. 
At the last annual meeting of the club it was unanimously re- 
solved to hold a second Bohemian Chess Congress this year, and, 
upon the proposition of Herr J. Pospisil^ it was agreed to 
announce at the same time an International Problem Tourney. 
In addition to the well-edited Ohess columns in the illustrated 
papers "Zlata PrahA" and "Sv^tozor," both of which are 
running Problem and Solution Tourneys with numerous prizes, 
a new Chess column has appeared in the weekly journal 
" Tabor." 

At the Vienna Club tourney the chief prizes have been 
awarded as follows:—-! J. Schwarz (100 florins), 2 J. H. Bauer 
(60 florins), 8 A. Czdnk (30 florins), 4 Herr Horwitz (20 florins). 

Akebioa.— In the Manhattan Club tourney Messrs. Macken- 
zie, Byan, and Hyde tied for the first three prizes with a score 


of 16^ games each. Mr. Hartshome won the 4th prize with 16, 
and Mr. Hanham the 5th with 14^. dose running tnilj. 
The New York dub tonmey came to an end the same day 
(April 10th) with the following result: — First prize, Mr. E. 
Kidtenbadi) 29^ games won; Second prize, Mr. Delmar, 29 
games ; Third, Foiuiih, and Fifbh prizes diyided between Messrs. 
Loyd, Griffin, and Hatfield with 28 each. Mr. Nanz obtained 
the 6th prize with 26, and Mr. Froelioh the 7th with 25 1. This, 
we think, is the toughest fighting we ever heard of, there being 
only a difference of four between the first prize-winner and the 
seventh ! In the Boston Glub tourney Mr. Toung has won the 
first prize and the championship. 

We hear that the next issue of Steinitz's magazine is to be a 
double number, containing all the New Orleans games, with full 
notes, &c. 

The annual dinner of the Manhattan Chess Olub was to take 
place April I7th, and the "Champion" was expected to be 
present. The New York Chess Club was to give him a con- 
gratulatory dinner on the 24th uko. 

The New York and Pennsylvania C. A. wlQ in future throw 
open its annual tourneys to players from the respective capitals 
of those States. 

At the Baltimore Chess Association a School of Chess has 
been established. It consists of eighteen members, three of 
whom ore in attendance each night at the dub rooms to give, 
without any fee, elementary instruction in the game. 

At the moment of going to press we received a copy of the 
resuscitated ^'Dubuque" Journal. No. 85 appeared in 1878, and 
No. 86 in 1886 ! After this who will believe in the death and 
funeral obsequies of a Chess magazine or a *' Springer '* ? We 
wish our old friend Mr. Brownson every success in his undertaking. 
Subscriptions may be sent to Mr. 0. A. Brownson, Rockdale, 
Dubuque County, Iowa. Price, 10 cents a monthly number. 

iTAiiY.— The fifth Italian National Tourney took place in 
March at Borne, as annonnced in our last. There were only 
seven competitors for the principal contest, the result of whi(ji 
was as follows :— First prize, 1200 francs (given by the King of 
Italy), Signer Zannoni ; Second prize, 700 francs, Sig. Cantoni ; 
Third prize, 400 francs, Sig. ForHco ; Fourth prize, 250 francs, 
divided between Signori Zon and Salvioli. The duke Tortonia, 
Mayor of Borne, opened the proceedings, and the municipal 
body of that city contributed 1000 francs towards the prizes. 

Several new Chess columns have recently appeared in 
Italy, among which that of the Gazzelta Letteraria, ArtisHca e 
Scientifica of Turin occupies the post of honour. Sig. Salvioli's 
« Theory and Practice of Chess '' is in its eleventh number, and 


will ahoiilj be finished. Its able author intends afterwards to 
publish a treatise on End-games. Another forthcoming Chess 
work in Italy is the second edition of Signer Seghieri's Guida 

Ax7STBAiJA.— Mr. Fisher has won the first prize, and Mr. 
Bums the second in the Melbourne Club handicap tourney. Mr. 
Fisher achieyed the almost unprecedented feat in Australia of 
winning eyery game he played. He takes the champion silyer 

Denmabx. — ^In the winter tourney of the Copenhagen Chess 
dub the first prize was won by J. Pritzel, who now is this yearns 
champion, and holder of the colyer cup. The winner last 'year 
was A. Therkelsen. In the second and third classes the respec- 
tiye yictors were lyersen and Y. Nielsen, 


Problem Dspartmknt. 
G. C, New York.— In the two-mover forwarded, what preyents 
1 P to Q 4, in lieu of Q 3, answering 1 

B. F.y Hendon. — ^Too true we fear ! In the multitude of ex- 
aminers is not always safety ! 

G. LiberalL — ^Much obliged. The three-mover, however, needs 
revision, for suppose, 1 Q to K B sq, Kt takes B, 2 B to B 3 ch, 
Kt to Q Kt 5, we see no mate (?). The companion problem shall 
appear next month. 

C. E. T., Clifton. — It seems right now and would be a very 
nice problem, but for the ugly first move. In diagrams it is usual 
to make Bed stand for White not Black as you do. We are 
obliged to alter all yours, or they would be misprinted. 

J. C. B., Broughty Ferry, — You are rather astray about 337. 
If 1 K to Kt 6, Kt ch, 2 Q takes Kt, P to K 5, where is the 


East Mardea — ^You will find that 333 cannot be done as you 
proposed, while 336 is much improved by the added piece. (See 
Solutions.) Any reviews would be welcome if reaching us not 
later than the 20th. 

G. Wilkes, New North Road. — Glad to welcome a new reviewer ! 

Thanks for the sui. 

Light Blue, Almondbury. — The reviews were unfortunately too 
late for publication. For this purpose they should reach us by 
the 20th of the month. Solutions correct but Mr. A.'s problem 
requires the removal of the White R P and substitution of Kt at 
Q R 6, else Black plays 1 Kt takes R P and escapes. 

G. LiberalL — The second version of your three-mover yields to 
1 Q to K 2, &o. 



We have felt ourselyes compelled once more to add extra pages 
to the magazine, owing to the space required to report at due 
length the great championship struggle, and the other important 
events of the month. This, of course, means a serious outlay of 
money and we fear we shall not again this year be able to exceed 
our customary 40 pages. We may explain to our readers that 
the 6/- subscription only barely covers the cost of 28 pages monthly, 
but as many of our friends kindly add various amounts to this, we 
are enabled to enlarge the magazine proportionately. If, for 
instance, our subscribers were one and all to remit the small 
sum of one ahUling each, the total would allow of about a hundred 
additional pages. 

We are sorry to say that probably the whole of the copies of 
the March number on their way to our American and Canadian 
exchanges and subscribers went down in the ill-fated Oregon. 
We have duplicated the number when we have been notified of its 
non-arrival, and we shall be obliged if our friends will kindly add 
the amount to their next remittance. Owing to this, and the 
great extra demand on the part of the public for recent copies, we 
are now unable to supply the magazine for February, March, or 
April, as all are sold. We have still a few left of the January 
number, containing the group-photograph. 

An ingenious dock has recently been patented by Messrs. 
Frisch & Schierwater, 29, Ohurch Street, Liverpool. It not only 
shows the ordinary time (says Ghamhers'a Journal), but registers 
on separate dials — marked respectively ''black" and ''white*' —the 
period occupied by the players in a game of Chess. It also 
indicates the number of moves in a game and whose turn it is 
to play. Another feature is the index upon the dial. This can 
be set for any time agreed upon — from one to fifteen minutes — 
during which a move must be made. The expiration of that time 
is shown by an indicator -and by the ringing of a bell. By 
pressing a knob at the top of the clock, it is possible to tempora- 
rily check the progress of the mechanism. This would of course 
become necessary upon the players requiring a rest, or upon any 
other interruption taking place. The invention is, we believe, 
the first dock that has been constructed with a view to recording 
the movements in Chess-playing. It may of course be utilised 
for other purposes. Being a travelling clock, it may be employed 
for indicating the times of different countries. The index and 
call-bell may be used, too, for public meetings, allowing so much 
time for each speaker ; for a telephone Company, regidating an 


allowance of time ; or for the testing of any machinery. The 
movement can be fitted to any existing clock. As a result of 
practical trial, the '^ Schierwater's" Patent Chess-Clock has been 
commended by many well-known Chess-players. 

A team of the Birmingham dub journeyed on Saturday, 
April drdy to Stafford to play a match with the Manchester Chess 
Club, who met them there. The encounter took place at the 
North Western Hotel, the games being beg^un at three o'dock, 
and unfinished games being adjudicated upon at six o'clock. 
Nine players were engaged on either side, and when the time 
for stopping play arrired Birmingham had won five games, 
Manchester one, one had been drawn, and two were unfinished. 
Both of the unfi[nished games were adjudged to be drawn, and 
thus the match was won by Birmingham by fiye games to one, 
and three draws. As the Manchester Club is considered to be 
one of the strongest of the provincial clubs, the result is very 
creditable to the Birmingham team. After the match the teams 
dined together. 

The return match between the Hull Liberal Chess Club and 
the Grimsby Club was played at Grimsby April 10th, when the 
result of the previous encounter was reversed, Grimsby winning 
by 5 games to 4. Four games were drawn and three were not 

The first match this year Bristol and Clifton v, Bath and 
District took place at Clifton on Saturday afternoon, April lOth, 
when Bath scored 15 games to Bristol 5. We regret that limited 
space prevents our giving a more detailed account of this interest- 
ing contest. 

The Hackney Mercury, a copy of vhich has been kindly for- 
warded to us, contains a very well-edited Chess department which 
deserves, and, we hear, has achieved, a large circulation among 
London Chessists. The Editor appears principally, and very 
properly, to content himself with chronicling local events (it is 
really refreshing nowadays to see a column without a Steinitz- 
Zukertort match game !) — a pretty end-game between Mr. Beyfus 
and Mr. Smith, which occurred in the recent match between Surrey 
and Essex, being given on a diagram. 

The Chess novelty of the season will be a photographic group 
of British Chess Editors, a /a K. D. Peterson's picture. The pro- 
ject has been undertaken by Mrs. T. B. Rowland, and the picture 
will be a great acquisition to Chess clubs, rooms, and resorts. The 
size will be about 12 ins. by 12in8., price 3s. There will also be 
cabinet size photos of the group, at Is., suitable for albums. 
Intending subscribers should at once apply to Mrs. T. B. Rowland, 
10 Victoria Terrace, Clontarf, Dublin, as only a limited number of 
copies will be printed. 



A Seleotioii from Chess Problems composed during the past 
30 years by Charles White, Surgeon-Major Amy Medical Staff, 
late Boyal Artillery. 

The Author of this collection, so long and popularly known 
as C. W. of Sunbury, belongs to "the Old Guard" of British 
Problem Composers. His fibrst bow to the Chess public was 
made in 1854, and there are few indeed now liying who can 
claim precedence of him, or whose record travels back into ''the 
forties ! " Startling as have been the changes of fashion — the 
very essence, indeed, of problematic strategy — since the last 
named period, C, W. of Sunbury has probably, more than any 
surviying contemporary, kept consistently to his original style 
of composition. Under the three chronological sections into which 
this work is divided— 1854-63, 1864-73, and 1874-83 — are to 
be found not a few positions fkirly interchangeable as regards 
both manner and merit, despite the long interval between the 
periods of their birth. Probably the fact of this author having 
spent about two-thirds of the aforesaid 30 years abroad — chiefly 
in India — may account in some measure for his escape from 
the infection of modem methods. Be that as it may, we find in 
this book not only no specimen of the genim sui-mate, but more 
remarkable still, not a single two-mover ! This, too, in spite of 
the author's having throughout his career studied to be pleasant 
rather than profound. As to the general style of these strata- 
gems let us quote from the preface. '' They will be found to be 
througphout of an easy type and without the subtle coup de repos 
or the numerous variations to each move of the attack so frequent- 
ly met with in problems by composers of the present day. On 
this account I would suggest they are adapted for students of 
problems to leam to solve positions by looking at the diagrams 
only, and not setting the pieces on the board." 

The modest estimate here offered by our author as to the ** easy 
type " of his works must be assented to only as a rule subject to 
some notable exceptions. Of these not the least striking instance 
is the three-mover presented in the B. C. M. for January, a 
stratagem that puzzled more than one practised solver when 
originally published in the Chess Pktyer^s Chronicle, Neverthe- 
less it is quite true that the student and the problem taster will 
find much in Mr. White's book that is comfortably fathomable 
from the diagram, quite as much, or more so, indeed, as many a 
bi-move problem of the fashionable cut. Here are two examples 
culled from the author's earliest period. 



Wliito to pUy ftud mate in thnc moTea. Vhite to play and mate in three morea. 

The aboTe Bpeoimena are, we think, oaloulatad to give the 
aTfirage Bolver Batisfaotioii without the Bospidon even of a 
headache. Both embodj sharply marked and brilliant 
themes, not bo wrapped up as to involve much labour in the 

This volume may be opened haphazard with a tolerable 
oertainty of meeting with much that is bright and spaAling, and 
nothing that ia dull, heavy, and oamberaome. The great majori^ 
of the problems are of the " Bingle shoot " apeoies, lightly &aa. 
iuvitin^y constructed. No crowded boards repel the explorer. 
Taking the 112 stratagems therein oomprieed, we have reckoned 
up the total pieces employed and find an average of about 12 
per problem, a result that speaks for itself. Three-movers 
occupy rather the lai^at share of space, there being 59 of them, 
49 in four, and 4 in five moves. 1^. White has composed many 
more problems than these during his long career, but we think 
he has exercised a wise discretion in presenting a selection 
which, though numerically moderate, certainly concentrates the 
cream of his productions. We conclude by quoting a couple 
more examples and cordially commend the volume to the atten- 
tion and patronage of problem lovers. 

H. J, 0. Akdkxws. 


No. LIX. 


White to play and mate in foor moTea. White to play and mate in four m 


Br H. J. C. Andrews. 

We have received from Mr, Peterson, of Milwaukee, a copy of 
the sew print isaued under hia aiiaptces and containing in one 
group the portraits of 23 noted American Chess Problemiata. It 
is artistically arranged and esecuted, forming in every respect a 
worthy pendant to the group of American Chess Editors previonaiy 
issued from the same enterprising quarter. The likeuesaeB now 
presented include those of Messrs. Shinkman, Loyd, Gilberg, and 
Babson. These are — as it were — the centre of attraction, but 
clustered around in immediate proximity are to be found the 
Bettmann Brothers, Dennis, Kaiser, and others whose names and 
fame are almost as familiar. Several stars reappear in the second 
that were visible in the first group, and this by no means unwel- 
come encore reminds us of the absence of one or two others — 
especially Messrs. Carpenter and Mart indale^ whose exclusion is 
certainly regrettable, although doubtless unavoidable, A second 
edition of the print, it is announced, will be issued if a sufficient 
number of orders be received. The price is 1 dollar, and intending 
sabscribers should apply at once to K. D. Peterson, P.O. Box 333, 
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S.A. 

F i 


The ChampioDBhip Solutioa CompetitioD of The Mirror of 
American Sports has resulted in an uncommonly doae and inter- 
esting finish, thus : 

lat, J. Berger 204 Points. 

2nd, G. Reiohhetm 203 „ 

3rd, B. G. Ijiwa 202 

MessiB. Kaiser, Planok, and Hamilton tied for the next 3 prizea 
with 201 each ! 

Hr. C. Planck has juat added materially to his long roll of 
previous sucoesaea by capturing the chief prize in two more com- 
petitions ; the three and two-moTe tourneys of the Iristi Chess 

For the delectation of those who like now and then a change 
of style, we here present a couple of positions bordering on 

Problbh by J. A. Milks. Problrh bt Tou G. Habt. 

Wliite to retract hU lust moTe and then Put on BUck K, then White to BMta ii 

Short critiques will be welcome. 

In our last number was a brief reference to the Ldverpool 
Courier'^ competitions. The following are some details of its Inter- 
national Pi^oblem Tourney. Three-move direct problems on printed 
dif^ams not less than 2^ inches square and with full solution io, 
the English notation, must be received by the EdiUw, Coume 



Office, Liverpool, not later than the 14th July. Mottoes and sealed 
envelopes are to be used. The latter must bear the motto outside 
and contain a duplicate of the prdblem, the composer's fall name 
and address, the motto and the following signed declaration, " I 
declare the problem herein enclosed to be original, my own com- 
position, and hitherto unpublished." The editor will make such 
a selection from the competing problems as he thinks fit, and this 
selection only will be submitted to the judge, Mr. H. J. C. Andrews. 
All problems sent in remain the property of the Liverpool Courier. 
No competitor shall send in more than three problems and each 
must bear a different motto and be enclosed in a separate cover. 
No one competitor shall take both prizes, which are, 1st £3 3s., 
and 2nd, £2 2s. Intending competitors are warned against the 
following features in problems : (a) Pawn on 8th, {b) Castling, 
(c) taking en passant as a first move, (d) impossibility of position. 
The judge would absolutely disqualify any position submitted to 
him containing one or more of these defects. For further particu- 
lars see the lAverpool Courier. 

Chess Nut Burrs, Mr. J. P. Taylor writes to us respecting 
the problem quoted in this book as his composition and observes 
" I do not even remember composing it at all and should like to 
know where it appeared* In any case I think it very strange — 
considering the number of two-movers by me that have been re- 
printed in America^ that Mr. Lyons could find nothing better 
than the one horse affair used." We take it that — problematicallv 
speaking — the author of Chess Nut Burrs likes a "one horse shay 
better than travelling " four in hand ! " but perhaps Mr. Lyons, 
if this happens to meet his eye, will kindly explain. 

We have received a copy of the Souvenir Chess Board, particu- 
larised last month as about to be issued by the New York Sunday 
Times. Each of the 64 squares contains — alternately — a problem 
in two or three moves. The former class is printed in Red, the 
latter in the usual Black and White. The Souvenir is on the 
whole well and tastefully executed, although we should have pre- 
ferred it without the extraneous letters and other fanciful prefixes 
which have been impressed upon 14 of the diagrams. These are 
rather worrying than otherwise and certainly enhance the difficulty 
of solving without a board and men. It is much too late in the 
month— -as we write this— to allow of the problems being tested, 
but we may mention that the prettily conceived No. 10, in the 
three-move section, has an obvious cook in two by 1 R to B 8, 
2 Q to Kt 7 mate. Bv way of illustration, we present a pair of 
problems by the grand masters of American art. 


By W. a, SHitJKMitr. Bt S. Lotd. 


White to play and mate in two movet. White to play aad mate in three e 


No. 337, by V, Hoist, Denmark.— I Q to Kt 5, B takes, 2 Kt to 
Kt 3 ch, Q takes Kt, 3 P to B 4 mate. 1..., K takes Kt, 2 Q 
to K 7 ch, &c. 1..., P to K 5, 2 Kt takes P (K 3) ch, &c 
1..., Qto R4 or B 2, 2 Pto B 3cb, &c. 

No. 338, by Joha C. Bremuer.— 1 B to B 7, K to K 8 (o), 
2 Kt to K 4, Any, 3 Q to R sq mate, (a) 1 K to B 8 (b), Kt to 
Q sq, &0. (6) 1 K to Q 6 (c), Kt to K 2, &c (c) Auy other, 
Kt to K 4 oh, &c. 

No. 339, by K. W. Winkler.— 1 B to B 7, K takes Kt (a), 
2 Kt to K 7 oh, K takes Kt, 3 Q to Kt 4 ch, Kt to Q 3 mate. 
(a) 1..., P to Q 7 (b), 2 P to Kt 8 (Kt) oh, K takes Kt, 3 Q to 
K 4 ch, Kt to K 4 mate. 2..., K to B aq, 3 Et to Q 6 cb, Kttakes 
Kt mate. (6) 1..., K to B 3 (e), 2 Q to R sq oh, K to Kt 4, 3 Kt 
to Q 6 oh, Kt takes Kt mate, or 2..., K to Q 7, 3 Q to Q 5 ch, 
Kt to Q 3 mate, (c) 1 ..., P to E 4, 2 Q to Kt 6, &o. 

No. 340, by B. G. Laws.- 1 B to Kt 5, B takes R, 2 Q takes 
Q P eh, K moves, 3 Kt to Kt 3 mate. 1 Q to Q 5, 2 Q to K 7 oh, 
&0. I Kt takes Kt, 2 Q takes Kt ch, £o. 1 B to Q 4, 2, Q takes 
Q P ch, &c. 1 Any other, 2 Q to K 6 ch, Ac. 

No. 341, by J. Jespersen.— 1 B to Kt 6, B takes B, 2 R to 
K R 3 ch, P takes R, 3 P to Kt 3 ch, K to R 4, 4 Kt mates. 
1..., R takes B, 2R to Ktsq, £ch!, 3 Kt takes B, &c. 1..., 
B takes Kt, 2 E to K R 3 ch, &o. 


No, 342, by B. Hulsen.— 1 Q to K Kt 4 ch, P in, 2 Q to Q 7 ch, 
B in, 3 B to K sq, P to B 5, 4 B to B 7, P to B 6, 5 B to R 2, 
P mates. 


No. 337, by V. Hoist. — Although the only difficulty about this 
rests with move 1, yet the false attacks are tempting and cleverly 
avoided, while the actual solution is pleasing and well arranged. 
Mercutio. — This deserves special notice because the attack 1 K to 
Kt 7 can only be defeated by 1 B to R 7. K. W. Winkler.— A 
very nice problem. I found the opening move far from easy. 
E. S. Kensington. — Ingenious and rather difficult, as there are 
some very near tries. G. Wilkes. — Well constructed, not very 
easy and decidedly pleasing. T. G. Hart. 

No. 338, by J. C. Bremner. — This puzzled me for some time 
because I thought the Kt should move first. 1 Kt to K 2 has 
many attractions. T. G. H. — Not very difficult. G. Wilkes. — 
Fairly put together but solution not very pleasing. Mercutio. — 
Rather dry, but not too easy. E. S.— Pretty. K. W. W. 

No. 339, by K. W. Winkler. — Very cleverly designed and 
varied. More sui-mates of the short and sweet type are much to 
be desired. They are a thousand times more interesting than the 
lengthy specimens, full of checks, with perhaps one coup de repoa — 
like a solitary plum in a pudding. Mercutio. — Scores high for 
difficulty, variety, and beauty of construction. I consider it a 
splendid problem. T. G. H. — This beats me. — E. S. 

G. Wilkes proposes 1 B to B 5, &c., which will not answer. 

No. 340, by B. G. Laws. — Very pleasing and not so hard as 
most three-movers by this author. E. S. — Well varied but easily 
seen through. Mercutio. — The best of the lot, with enough 
material for half a dozen problems. G. W. — Instead of the Black 
Kt at R 8 which blocks the road for Black Q it would be more 
artistic to have a Black P at Kt 7. K. W. W. — Black's strength 
somewhat indicates the necessity of strong measures on White's 
part. Nevertheless a very good three-mover. T. G. H. 

No. 341, by J. Jespersen. — Very pretty, but too easy for a four- 
mover. Mercutio. — Not so hard as several of the three-movers. 
E. S. — A good idea but some variations spoiled by duals. .G. W. — 
This pretty problem surpasses even 316 in elegance. K. W. W. — 
Very easy j seen through at a glance. T. G. H. 

No. 342, by B. Hulsen. — Solved by the above named and 
generally pronounced easy. 

Mr. Grimshaw's Pawn Mate, page 166. — Pawn-mates would 
prove quite as interesting as self-mates if they were all as good as 


thi& T. G. H.-^A capital speoimdn of its class. There is, bow- 
ever, one good reason why this and other conditional kinds of 
problems have gone out of favour. The composer begins by telling 
the solver with what particular piece or pawn he is to effect mate, 
thus providing him — if the problem be reasonably short — with a 
ready key to the mystery. Good sui-mates not being handicapped 
thus, will always be strategically superior, besides admitting of far 
greater variety than pawn-mates. Mercutio. 

Mr. Andrews's three-mover. — We regret to say this problem 
is unsound, as printed. A corrected version will probably appear 
next montL 


Solutions of End-Games. 


No. XIII. 

1 R takes P ch, K takes R, 2 P to K 7, R to R 6, or (a), (6), 
(c), (d), (e\ 3 P queens ch, K to B 4 (if K to Q 4 or 5, then 

4 Q to Q 7 ch, K to B 5 (best), 5 Q to K 6 ch, K to Kt 4, 6 Q to 
Kt 6 ch, and wins ; and if 3..., £ to B 5, then 4 B to B 7 ch, 
K to B 4, 5 Q to B 8 ch, K to Kt 3 (best), 6 Q to Kt 8 ch, and 
wins), 4 Q to B 8 ch, K to Kt 3 (best), 5 Q to Kt 8 ch, K to B 4, 
6 Q to Kt 4 ch, K to K 4, 7 B to B 7 ch, K to Q 4, 8 Q takes B, 
and wins. 

(a) R to Q 4, 3 P queens ch, R to K 4 (if any other. White 
equally wins the R or B in a few moves), 4 Q to R 4 ch, K to Q 4, 

5 Q takes B, and wins. 

(h) B to Kt 6, 3 P queens ch, B to K 4, 4 Q to Kt 6 ch, P to 
B 4, 5 Q to Kt 2 ch, K to Q 5, 6 B to Kt 6 ch, and wins, 

(c) K to Q 5, 3 P queens, R to R 6 (best), 4 Q to Q 7 ch, 
K to B 5 (best), 5 Q to K 6 ch, and wins. 

{d) R to Q 5, 3 P queens ch, K to Q 4 (if K to B 4, then 
K takes P and wins), 4 Q to Kt 5 ch, K to K 5 (best), 5 B to B 3, 
R to Q sq, 6 Q to Kt 4 ch, and wins. 

(e) R to Kt 6, 3 P queens ch, K to B 4 (best), 4 Q to B 8 ch, 
K to K 4, 5 Q to B 5 ch, and wins. 

No. XIV. 
1 Kt to K 7, B takes Kt, or (a), 2 Kt to Kt 6 ch, B or P 
takes Kt, and White is stalemated. If, to avoid this, Black moves 
his King, he loses, e.g. 2... K to Kt sq, 3 Kt takes B ch, K to B 2, 
4 Kt takes B, K to K 3, 5 Kt to Q 4 ch, K to Q 4, 6 Kt to Kt 5, 
K to B 4, 7 Kt to E 7, K takes P, 8 Kt takes R ch, K takes P, 
9 Kt to K 7, K to Q 3, 10 Kt to B 5 ch, K to K 4, 11 Kt to K 3, 
K to Q 5, 12 Kt to Q sq, P to Kt 4, 13 K takes P, P to Kt 5, 


14 K to Kt 6, P to B 6, 15 Kt takes P, K takes Kt (if P takes P, 
16 Kt to B 2, &c.), 16 P takes P, and wins. 

(a) 1..., B to K 3, 2 Kt to B 7 ch, B takes Et, 3 Kt takes R, 
B to K 3, 4 Kt to R 7, B to Q 3, 5 P queens, B takes Q, 6 Kt 
takes B, B takes P, 7 K to Kt 5, K to Kt 2, 8 K takes P, B to 
B 7, 9 K to B 6, K to B 2, 10 Kt to Q 6 eh, K to K 2, 11 Kt 
takes P, B takes P, 12 K to K 5, B to K 6, and the game ought 
•to be drawn. 

The foregoing, however, is apparently spoilt by a second 
solution commeneing with the ordinary move Kt takes B,. e.g. 

I Kt takes B, B to K 3 (necessary, to prevent the check at B 7, 
and also the loss of his Q B P by Kt to Q 5), 2 Kt (Kt 4) to B 6, 
R to K B sq (best), 3 Kt to K 7, R to B 3 ch (a), 4 K to Kt 5 
(best), K to Kt 2, 5 P queens, P to R 3 ch, 6 K to R 4, B takes Q, 
7 Kt takes B, R to B 7 (ft), (c), 8 Kt to Q 6, R takes B P, 9 Kt 
takes Q Kt P, R to Q Kt 7, 10 Kt to Q 3, B takes Q Kt P, 11 Kt 
(Kt 7) to B 5, P to B 7, 12 K takes P, R to Kt 8 (best), 13 Kt to 
K 6 ch, K to B 3, 14 Kt (K 6) to B 4> and draws, 

(a) R to B 7, 4 Kt to Q 3, R takes B P (if R to B 2, then 
5f Kt to Q 5, winning the dangerous Pskwn, or if R to B 3 ch, theox 
5 K to Kt 5, K to Kt 2 or R to B 2, 6 Kt to Q B 5 and wins), 
5 Kt to Q B 5, R to K 7, 6 Kt to Kt 6 ch, P takes Kt or K moves, 
7 Kt takes B and wins. 

(b) B to K 3, 8 Kt to Q 3, B to K 7 (if R to Q B S, then 
9 Kt to K 7, R takes P, 10 Kt to Q 5, R to Q B 3, 11 K takea 
P, ifec), 9 Kt to Q 6, R takes B P, 10 Kt takes P, R to Q Kt 7 I, 

II Kt (Kt 7) to B 5, R takes Q Kt P, 12 K takes P, and draws easily. 

(c) P to R 4 (threatening K to R 3, &c.), 8 K to Kt 5 (he 
may also play 8 Kt to Q 3, and if K to R 3, then 9 Kt to B 4), 
B to B 7, 9 Kt to Q 6, R takes B P, 10 Kt takes Q Kt P, R to 
Q Kt 7 (best), 11 Kt to B 6, P to B 7, 12 Kt (B 6) to Q 3, 
R takes P, 13 Kt to B sq, R to Kt 8, 14 Kt (K 5) to Q 3, R to 
Kt 4 oh, 15 K to B 4, and draws. 

No. XV. 

The author's solution begins with Q to Kt 7, but we need not 
give it in fuQ, since there are certainly four or five other methods 
of winning, the shortest of which ia 1 Q to R 8 ch, K to Kt 4, 2 B 
takes Kt, Q takes B, 3 Kt takes B ch, and, wherever tha K goes, 
mates in three more movea 

No. XVI. 

1 E to B 8 ch, R takes R, 2 Q takes P ch, K takea Q, 
3 P takes R, becoming a Kt. ch, and draws. The above is the 
author's solution, but there is another, thua: — 1 Q to B 4 ch, 
K takes P, 2 Q to B 3 oh, K to R 3 (if K to Kt sq, 3 Q to B 4 ch, 
KtoRsq, 4QtoB3Gh, <fec.), 3Rto&3, RtoKsq, 4 Qto 
Q B 6, Kt to B 7 ch (best), 5 R takes Kt, Q to K 5, and the game 
is drawn. 


No. XVII. 

This position can be solved in no less than six different ways, 
the shortest being, 1 E to Kt 4, K takes P, 2 K to R 5, K to Q 5, 
3 K takes P, K to K 6, 4 K takes P, K takes Rt (if P to B 6, 
then Kt to Kt 4 ch, &c.), 5 K takes P, and wins. 


J. Burt gives correctly two variations of No. 13, but leaves out 
three others. In No. 14 he is inaccurate in variation (6), for his 
move 5 K to Kt 5 leads only to a draw, whereas 5 Kt to Q 4 ch 
wins. He has, however, rightly hit upon the second solution. In 
No. 15 he spots the cook by 1 Q to R 8 ch, but omits the author's 
mainplay and the other solutions. Marks, for No. 13, seven, for 
No. 14, nine, and second solution five ; for No. 15, ten. Total, 31. 
Grand Total, 146. 

J. H. Blake omits two variations of No. 13, but is right in the 
others. In No. 14 he is correct in the mainplay, but not in the 
variation or second solution. He gives four solutions of No. 15, 
of which three are accurate. Marks, for No. 13, eight, for No. 14, 
nine, for No. 15, fourteen. Total, 31. Grand Total, 129. 

F. W. W. only indicates the initial moves of one variation 
in No. 13. He solves No. 14 correctly and fully, but omits the 
second solution, or rather, we should say, gives an erroneous series 
of moves to make Black win. In No. 15 be is right both in the 
mainplay and four other solutions. Marks, for No. 13, three, for 
No. 14, ten, for No. 15, sixteen. Total, 29. Grand Total, 141. 

F. E. Wegwitz gives merely the key-move to No. 13, is only 
partially correct in his very brief version of No. 14, and solves 
accurately, but by the author's method alone. No. 15. Marks — 
Total, 16. 

J. H. Blake correctly solves No. 16 by the author's method, 
and gives three solutions of No. 17. Marks, for No. 16, ten, for 
No. 17, fourteen. Total, 24. Grand Total, 163. 

J. Burt omits author's solution of No. 16, but fully and accu- 
rately describes the other. Marks, 10. Of No. 17 he gives three 
solutions* Marks, 14. Total 24. Grand Total, 170. 

F. W. Womersley is right in both solution and cook of No. 16. 
Marks, 13. Of No. 17 he gives all six solutions. Marks, 20. 
Total, 33. Grand Total, 174. 

It will thus be seen that after a neck and neck race with Mr. 
Burt, Mr. Womersley just wins on the post, Mr. Burt, of course, 
taking second prize, and Mr. Blake the third. There were origi- 
nally six competitors, but three dropped off gradually towards the 
end of the contest. 


Award in Ehd-game Solution Tourney. 

Ist Prize, £1 Mr. Womei-aley. 

2nd „ B. C. M., 12 months ... Mr. Burt. 
3rd „ Pearson's Chess Probieras &lr. Blakc. 


The following End-game occurred recently in act mil pluj 
between Mr. P. H. Oartrell and another member of the Penzance 
Chesa Club. 

liLACK (Mb. Gabtrell.) 

White (Mb. .) 

Block to move and win. 

For the best analysis of the position received bj Maj 20th v 
offer a copy of J. P. Taylor's Chesa Problems. 


No. 343.— Bt B. G. laws. 


No. 344— Bt B HULbEN N 345.— Bt K. W. WINKLER. 

White Co play aadniBte in three morei. White to play nod mate in three moTea, 


No. 346.— Br H. J. C. ANDREWS. 

No. 347.— Br TOM G. HART. No. 348.— By A. F. MACKENZIE. 

Vhite to play and mate in three mores. White to play and sui'ioatc Id biz morei. 



Air — Here* a to the maiden of bashful fifteen. 

Here's to the neat little problem in two ; 

Here's to the " long-shot " in twenty ; 
Here's to the "study" with pieces but few, 

And here's to the " theme " that has plenty. 


Then honour the toast, 
When solving you boast, 
For here's to the problem that pleases you most ! 

Here's to the " block " where the King stands at bay ; 

Here's to the open " flight-squarer " ; 
Here's to the " skeleton " with each piece in play, 

And here's to the " stalemate " that's rarer. 

Chorus, — Then honour the toast, &c. 

Here's to the " sui " with strategy deep^ 

Here's the " retraction " still deeper ; 
Here's the "conditional," banishing sleep. 

And here's to the "puzzle" that's steeper. 

Chorus. — Then honour the toast, dec. 

Here's to the " new style " that's minus a King ; 

Here's the "hard nut" for the toiler; 
Here's to the "end-game," by Horwitz or Rling, 

And here's to the handy " potboiler " ! 

Chorus. — Then honour the toast, &c. 

Here's to the "letter" or "picture" design; 

Here's to the flaunting "four-folder"; 
Here's the Chess "joke" bold at Christmas to shine, 

And here's "dummy-pawn" that's still bolder. 


Then honour the toast, 
Let them come as a host. 
Still here's to the problem that pleases us most ! 

J. G. Cunmingham. 

The British Chess Magazine, 

JUNE, 1886. 


Fm a very nervous man, alas ; and very fond of Chess, 

But somehow of the game I always make a shocking mess ; 

It's just the same where'er I go, with whomsoever I play, 

^^ Your game is lost," " 'tis mate in three," I hear to my dismay. 

Dishearten'd by defeat I try seductive problem joys ; 
But soon this bitter sweet with all its rocky hardness cloys ; 
Like tangled skein, a mazy coil, the variations rise, 
And so in vain my torturVd brain its fruitless labour plies. 

I laugh a hollow laugh and swear I too will puzzle sore 
With fearful theme some solver bold and make him madden more, 
But after days of ceaseless grind and nights of deepest thought, 
The inevitable " cook " appears and all is good for nought. 

The other day my vis-ii-vis across the board was Brown, 

He's quick you know and hums and ha's and bangs the pieces down ; 

It puts my heart into my mouth to see him fuming sit. 

If in a quake, I fail to make my move when he thinks fit. 

Well t'other day — ^'twas at our club — and, wondrous to relate, 

I had a very nice attack and threaten'd speedy mate ; 

But while I thought, he groan'd and cough'd and, seiz'd with 

sudden fright, 
I mov'd his man — I mean his Queen — mistaking Black for White. 

And so I lost that game right off ! Then but a week ago 
It was my luck to have to play sweet Arabella Crowe ; 
Oh, my poor heart, how fast it beat, I really could not tell 
Where all my Pawns were flying to, or how my Bishop fell. 

The dazzle of her dainty hand, the sparkle of her eye, 
Unnerv'd me so that when she spoke I scarce could make reply : 
She smil'd, perchance to show the tempting dimples on her cheek, 
Perhaps because she thought my play and conduct very weak. 



She got me in a corner, she forked my King and Rook, 

And first she pinn'd my hapless Knight and then my Queen she took ; 

When I resigned and, like a fool, said I had had enough, 

She curFd her lovely lip aud clearly put me down a muff. 

'Tis all my nerves. Now look at Smith who, like an engine, smokes : 
And while he plays lets off his puns aud miserable jokes, 
I know my brain's as good as his, but somehow all his fan 
Pok*d at my play unnerves me quite and soon I cry " undone." 

It matters not a straw, I find, what gambit I essay, 
I lose my head, my memory's gone and I am far away : 
To give up Chess henceforth I think will be the wisest plan, 
For everybody laughs at me ; I*m such a nervous man ! 

J. Pierce. 


The time-honoured system of marking in the Cambridge Mathe- 
matical Tripos has been adopted in almost all other similar 
examinations. It seems difficult to devise any other so fair and 
accurate, although, of course, like everything human, it is imper- 
fect and the justice it deals is perhaps somewhat rough. The 
value of a problem depends on its difficulty and on the amount of 
knowledge its solution requires on the part of the solver. These 
two elements are not altogether independent, although "difficulty" 
is often involved in some artifice which a special genius for 
problems might easily discover while mere book knowledge would 
be useless. A man's success to a great extent consists in the 
power he shows of solving elaborate problems at sight, as they 
are marked far higher than book-work. Is it possible for some 
similar plan to be adopted in Chess Tourneys ? 

The difference is this, that in the Tripos the candidate for 
honours has to answer questions proposed to him, in problem 
tourneys the competitor proposes the questions : in fact the 
mathematician occupies the position of the solver in Chess, and 
the same system may and does apply exactly in solution tourneys. 

It has often occurred to us that it would be a great improvement 
on the present system at Cambridge if (say) one day's examination 
were devoted to candidates composing problems of their own in 
given subjects, in order to test their originality. This would 
answer somewhat to " composition " in the Classical Tripos : it 
would be easy to guard against the possibility of any one submit- 
ting problems he had previously composed. This, however, by 
the way. 



How then are problems to be marked iu Tourneys 1 We 
still seem far as ever from the answer. The standard of different 
judges is variable, so much so that iu the November 6.C.M. we read 
respecting a recent tourney that "a problem placed second by one 
arbiter was not in the first 15 appraised by the rest ! " 

The subject has been suggested to us by an ingenious plan 
devised by Mr. F. C. Collins for marking two-move tourney 
problems ; its soundness seems to commend itself, as iu a recent 
tourney the result arrived at by submitting the problems to its 
test coincided with the verdict of the judges. Its weak point is 
that it can only be applied to two-movers. The idea is to reduce 
the force employed on each side to its equivalent pawn power and 
hence to deduce the average number of pawns to each variatioa 
to which four points are awarded. 

One point is given for each square adjoining Black K only 
singly guarded — or blocked — in each variation after White's 
second move. 

After White's first move one point is allowed for each square 
to which Black K has access. 

One point is deducted on each pawn used in excess of the 
average ; or one added, if below the average. 

The following table is then filled up. 




Key move White... 

Purity of mates ... 

Utility of W. K... 

J^Veedom of B. K... 

Economy of Force. 



The average of merit is — Pawn power to each variation taking 
into account the whole of the pieces used and combined variations 
of the set of — problems. 

Now the objection to this plan seems to us to be this — that 
the greater the number of variations a composer can introduce 
with a given number of pieces, the higher his problem would 
score — and this without reference at all to the originality of idea. 
Hence we should suppose that block problems would in general 


score highest because it is in that class of problems that the 
greatest n amber of variations can be added. We fail to see where 
any account is taken of the artistic side of the problem except 
what we may term its structure : but if this were allowed for, such 
must be quite arbitrary and subject to the individual taste or 
possibly the prejudice of the judge. 

If we are to arrive at any fixed rules we must go back to first 
principles. A problem has to be viewed from two aspects, first as 
a work of art, second as a work of science. In the latter case, the 
judge has to deal with its accwrney (freedom from duals, economy 
of force, &c.) ; this can be definitely measured. But the great 
difficulty arises when we come to look at the problem as a work 
of art. Here we have to deal with originality, beauty of concep- 
tion, depth and concealment of design. These are the properties 
which we believe it impossible to measure and express by so many 
marks and hence have arisen differences of opinion and '^ mistakes." 

In the aspect we are now considering the problem, it resembles 
a painting or a poem. How could we tabulate verses written by 
different poets even on the same subject ) It is impossible. Take 
Hogg's and Shelley's " Ode to the Skylark," or Shelley's '' Mont 
Blanc ^ and Coleridge's. How shall we measure one or the other I 
Would any two readers be agreed as to the estimate 1 We think 

So with paintings. How the value fluctuates in accordance 
with the prevailing fashion ! Take a set of sea pieces by different 
artists : one person would prefer a wild scene, the sea in a tem- 
pest and darkness with a wreck : another, with the waters blue, 
and sunny, without a ripple in some lovely bay. Could the one 
be set against the other and " marked " ? Certainly not. Equally 
absurd would it be to put a value on the dark and apparently 
suicidal moves of an elaborate four or five-mover against the quiet 
but beautiful play in some of J. B. of Bridport's and Heedey's 

But it will be said are there not competitions in painting for 
diplomas % Have we not heard of a Chancellor's medal for English 
verse and of the Newdigate ) We have ; and they prove the truth 
of what we have been saying, for of all the dreary productions to 
read give us a prize poem. It is to be noted that the authors 
never reprint them in after-collections of their poems. It is not, 
probably, that the examiners do not select the best as far as it is 
possible, but writing to order tends to suppress the very spirit 
which produces '' thoughts that breathe and words that bum." 
Hence as a rule the chief question before the judges is, have certain 
canons of taste been satisfied with regard to the outward form 1 
Well, there may be such satisfaction without the co-existence of 
that inner beauty which is in truth the very essence of art and of 


which the form should be the perfect expression. Though the first 
may exist in a manner without the second, the second cannot be 
without the first. 

Our conclusion therefore is that the day of Problem Tourneys 
is doomed. It is comparatively of recent date ; certainly not 
more than a quarter of a century old. We suspect they have 
been kept going in a great measure from the difficulty editors 
have found in obtaining good problems in the ordinary way : but 
the remedy is obvious — and that is to pay fairly for them as other 
good work is paid for. If it be said it is only an amusement and 
for a limited few ; so too is singing and conjuring ; and performers 
in these arts expect to be paid and well paid. There is no reason 
that we can see why editors who find it worth their while to have 
Chess columns should not give fair remuneration to their Chess 
contributors as well as to their other writers, and we hope that as 
Chess becomes more widely known and appreciated this will be 

If problem tourneys are to hold their ground in the future it 
must be under different conditions : as for instance (1) where the 
same given theme is proposed to be worked out ; or (2) where the 
pieces on each side are given, or both (1) and (2) together. It 
would not do perhaps to hint at the possibility that in course of 
time the world may become weary of Chess problems. There 
must be at the present time in existence several thousands of 
excellent problems which to examine properly (to say nothing of 
solving) would take any one more than a life-time. Problems in 
which the same theme has been worked over and over again as if 
we had, say, two or three thousand odes to a cloud to peruse ; all 
excellent and in unimpeachable metre. We should begin to wish 
that there were no clouds and we should end probably by being 
lunatics. Why, it may be said, when we have so many excellent 
problems must we have more 1 The only answer seems to be that 
as man must worship, so he must produce ; the result being that 
gradually nine-tenths of the old, good though it be, must go to 
make place for the new. So it is in books and everything else. 

If it is urged that new ideas may yet be evolved in problem 
composition, we take leave to doubt it because there have been no 
new ideas for the last thirty years, but the few " ideas " of which 
the subject seems capable on account of its limited conditions have 
been worked out in many different forms. These forms are 
practically infinite and hence there is no limit to future production 
so long as the young enthusiast thinks he will prove a second 
Bayer or Klett. 

While, however, we hold that the decision in Problem Tourneys 
must often be fallacious because the adequate measurement in 
marks of a work of art is impossible, it is quite otherwise with 


SolutioD Toarneys. There is no reason why these should not go 
on merrily and it is diiBcult to see why they were not thought of 
before. We believe that in point of age they are babes compared 
with Problem Tourneys. All we have to ensure here is that the 
problems themselves are properly marked with sole regard to 
difficulty ; that duals are fairly estimated when they exist — as 
also second solutions. The Tourney should not extend over too 
long a period, otherwise competitors in the race soon dwindle 
down from 50 to half a dozen. J. Pierce. 


A. Heyde, Braunschweig. — Many thanks for back numbers. 
We appear still to be without Nos. II and 12, and should be glad 
to have Vol. I., if possible. 

W. M. Du Rieu, Auckland. — Subscription to hand, but we are 
sorry March and April numbers are sold out. 

P. R. S., Milwaukee, and many others.— We are quite unable 
to duplicate March number. 

Problem Department. 

J. C. B., Broughty Ferry. — Thanks for your letter and en- 
closures. Highly creditable, indeed, under the circumstances 
named 1 We do not recall — except in the case of the late Professor 
Fawcett — such an extraordinary instance of the triumph of mind 
over matter. In 337, if 1 K to Kt 6, 1 B to R 7 followed by 
2 Kt cb or P to K 5, unless White checks, when the defence is 

East Marden, — Quite correct. Solution of Pawn Mate, 1 P to 
R 4 ch, K to B 3, 2 Q to Q Kt sq, P takes Q dis ch, 3 B to R 2 
dis cb, 4 P mates. 

A. F. M., Jamaica. — In your sui-mate No. 348 look at the end ! 
There seems to be no mate in one case. Please correct, if possible. 

T. G. H., Burstwiok. Thanks for problem. See correction of 
346 this month. You are right about 348. Reviews will be con- 
tinued next mouth. 

Light Blue, Almondbury. — Owing to tjeavy tourney work and 
magazine being late last month, have not time to demonstrate 
unsoundness of solutions. See another page and compare yours. 
346, even as printed, could not be done as you propose. 

F. M. T., New York. — Glad to hear from you again and much 
obliged for problem. You will see the problem you ask for on 
anotlior ptige. 





A game in the last match between the St. George's and the City 
of London Clubs, played at the Criterion March 4:th, 1886. 



(Mr,G. A. Hooke, (Rev. W. Wayte, 

City Club.) 

1 P to K 4 

2 Kt to K B 3 

3 P to Q 4 

4 Kt tks P 

5 B to K 3 

6 P to Q B 3 

7 Q to Q 2 

8 B to K 2 (a) 

9 Kt tks Kt 

10 Q tks B 

11 P tks P 

1 2 Castles 

13 Q to B 3 

14 Kt to Q 2 
16 KRtoKsq 

16 Q toKt3 

17 Kt to K B 3 

18 Kt to Q 4 (e) 

19 B to B 3 

20 B tks Kt 

21 R to K 5 (g) 

St. George's.) 
P to K 4 
Kt to Q B 3 
P tks P 
B to B 4 
Q to B 3 
K Kt to K 2 
P to Q R 3 
PtoQ 4 
Q tks Kt 
Q tks P 
Q to K 3 (a) 
Castles (b) 
B toQ 2 
B to B 3 (c) 
Q to R 3 (d) 
Kt to Q 4 
B to Q 2 (/) 
P to Q B 3 
P tks B 
B to B 3 (b) 
Q to B3 

22 Kt to B 5 

23 Kt to K7 ch (c) K to R sq 

24 Kt tks P B tks Kt 

25 R tks B 

26 R tks R 

27 Q to B 7 

28 Q tks Q 

29 K to B sq 

Q R to Q sq 
R tksR 
Q toQ3 
R tks Q 
RtoQ 7 



(Mr. G. A. Hooke, (Rev. W. Wayte, 

City Club.) St. George's.) 

30 P to Q Kt 3 K to Kt sq 

31 K to K sq R to Q B 7 

32 P to Q B 4 K to B sq 

33 R to Q sq (^i) K to K 2 (i) 

34 R to Q 2 

35 K to K 2 (e) 

36 P tks P 

37 R to Q 5 

38 K to B 3 

39 R tks P 

40 P to K Kt 4 

41 P to K R 4 

42 K to Kt 3 

43 P to B 3 

44 K to B 4 

45 K to K 5 

R to B 6 (d) 
P tks P 
R to B 7 ch 
R tks R P 
R to Kt 7 
P to K R 3 
P to K Kt 3 
R to Kt 8 
R to Q 8 
R to Q 5 ch 
Rto Q 6 

46 R to Kt 7 ch K to B sq 

47 P to B 4 

48 P to B 5 

49 K to B 4 

50 P tks P 

51 P to R 5 ch 

52 P to Q Kt 4 

53 R to Q B 7 

54 R to Q B 4 

55 K to K 4 

56 R to Q 4 

K to Kt 2 
R to K 6 ch 
R toR 6 
K tksP 
K to Kt 2 
R toR 8 
R to Q Kt 8 
K to B 3 
RtoQ 8 
R to K 8 ch 

57 K to Q 5 (l) And after a few 
more moves Black resigned. 

Notes from the Illustrated Sporting and Dmmaflc. 

Additional Notes by W. W. 

(a) The game looks simple, but is really very complicated, 
and the greatest possible care is required on Black's part to avoid 


losing a Pawn, or drifting into a cramped position. Here B to K 3 
seems bis best coarse. [If 12 B to K 3, White may bring out 
13 Kt to R 3, and if then 13 Castles K R 14 B to B 4; Black has 
then no good square for his Queen.] 

(h) Q to Q Kt 3 would have made the Queen happier. 

(e) This certainly tends to weaken the Q B P ; Q to Q 4 was 

(d) Not so good as Q to B 3, [which however loses the Pawn.] 

(e) White now begins to win a Pawn. 

(/) This move proved disastrous. His best, perhaps, was R 
to K sq, with a view to playing Q to Q 7 at the proper time. 

(g) Black cannot now avoid some loss. 

(h) White exhibits fine judgment in thus abandoning the R P 
to his fate in order to find active employment for his Rook. 

(i) He might as well have taken R P. [If R takes R P, R to 
Q 7 and wins P in a few moves.] 

(k) Surely two Pawns on this side against three gave better 
promise of a draw than one Pawn against two. His game is a 
difiicult and trying one to conduct Perhaps his best course was 
to keep his Pawns at home as long as possible, and allow the Rook 
to do all the fighting. [It was necessary to extricate the Rook. 
Perhaps R to B 8 might have been played ; but the attempt to 
keep the seventh rank has failed completely, and the Rook should 
have gone to Q 2 in the first instance (at move 29) and remained 
on the defensive.] 

(/) Whilst Mr. Hooke deserves great credit for his able general- 
ship throughout this game, yet it must be said in justice to Mr. 
Wayte, that seldom, if ever, have we seen a game of his so wanting 
in those fine qualities (especially judgment) for which he is re- 
nowned. [Very kind of friend ^^Mars." The simple fact is that Black 
was suffering from so bad a cold that he ought to have been at 
home, and nothing but loyalty to his Club would have induced 
him to come out on the evening in question.] 

(a) 8 P to K B 4 is recommended. Black must reply with 8 P 
to Q 3, and cannot afterwards Castle on either side without first 
taking ofif the Kt and uniting the central Pawns. 

(b) 21 B to K 3 is even worse. The reply is 22 Q R to 
K sq. 

(c) Well judged. If 23 Kt takes Kt P 23 K to R sq, and 
Black can afterwards play R to K Kt sq and P to Q 5, with a 
counter attack. 

(d) a blunder which shows how completely Black was out of 
form, and which it is surprising that neither his opponent nor the 
able commentator detected. 

(e) He had only to play 35 R to K 2 ch and 36 K to Q 2, and 
the Rook was caught. 




The following two interesting games were played at St. George's 
Club April 1st, 1886, in the Inter-University match. 

(French Defence.) 


(Mr. E. H. Duke, 
Cambridge. ) 

1 P to K 4 

2 P to Q 4 

3 Kt to Q B 3 

4 B to K Kt 5 

5 P to K 5 

6 B tks B 

7 Kt to B 3 

8 Kt to Q Kt 5 

9 Q to Q 2 

10 Q to R 5 

1 1 Q to R 3 

12 Kt toB3 


(Rev. C. F. Jones, 
P toK 3 
P to Q 4 
Kt to K B 3 
B toK 2 
K Kt to Q 2 
Q tks B 
Q to Q sq 
P to Q R 3 
P to Q Kt 3 
B to Kt 2 
P to Q B 4 


(Mr. E. H. Duke, (Rev. C. F. Jones, 
Pembroke, Wadham, 

Cambridge. ) Oxford. ) 

13Ca8tle8Qside(1)P toB5 
14 P to Q Kt 3 P to Q Kt 4 

15 P to R 4 (1) 

16 Q to Kt 2 

17 P tks P 

18 Q tks B (a) 

Kt to Q B 3 
Q to R 4 
Kt P tks P 
Q tks Kt 

19 QtksKt(onB3)Q R to Ktsq 

20 Q tks Kt R to Kt 7 

21 R to Q 2 R to Kt 8 ch 

22 K tks R RtoQKtsqch 

23 K to B sq Q toR 8 mate. 


(a) Black purposely left this B en prise and sacrificed the two 
Kts for either mate (as it actually happened) or capture of White's 
Queen for them — a trap which White evidently did not see. 

Played April 1st, 1886. 




(Rev. C. F. Jones, 

(Mr. E. H. Duke, 





1 P to K 4 

PtoK 4 

2 Kt to K B 3 

Kt to Q B 3 

3 P to Q 4 


4 Kt tks P 

B to Q B -4 

5 B to K 3 

Q to B3 

6 P to Q B 3 

K Kt to K 2 

7 B to Q B 4 

Kt tks Kt (1) 

8 P tks Kt 

B to Kt 6 ch 


(Rev. C. F.Jones, 




9 Kt to B 3 

10 P to K 5 

11 Bto Kt3 

12 Castles 

13 P tks B 

14 B to B 2 

15 B tks Q 

16 Q R tks Kt 

(Mr. E. H. Duke, 




P to B 4 (?) 
Qto R 5 
Q to K 5 
B tks Kt 
Kt to B 4 
Kt tks B 
Kt tks Q 
P tks P 



17 P tks P 


25 B to Kt 3 

KtoR 2 

18 P to B 4 


26 K R to Q B 7 K to Kt 3 

19 B to Q 6 ch 

K to R sq 

27 R tks P ch 

K to R 4 

20 R to B sq 

P to Q 3 

28 R to R 7 (a) 

K to Kt 5 

21 R to B 7 

R to. Q Kt sq 

29 P to Kt 3 

KtoB 6 

22 K R to B sq 

Ptks P 

30 R tks R P 

RtoQ 6 

23 Q P tk^ P 

R to Q sq 

31 R to Q 6 


24 R to K 7 

P to K R 3 

32 P tks R 



(a) White saw immediately he made this move that the 
correct line of play here was 28 P to Kt 3 threatening mate on 
the move. 

Played at Whitby, March 8th, 1886. 

(Muzio Gambit.) 


(Mr. Forth.) (Mr. Grimshaw.) 

1 P to K 4 

2 P to K B 4 

3 Kt to K B 3 

4 B to B 4 

5 Castles 
€ Q tks P 

7 P to Q 3 

8 Kt to B 3 

9 Q to R 5 (a) 

Pto K 4 
P tksP 
P to K Kt 4 
P to Kt 5 
P tks Kt 
Q toB 3 
B toR 3 
Kt to K 2 
Q to K Kt 3 
R to Kt sq 

10 Q to B 3 

11 QBtksP(6) BtksB 

12 Kt to Kt 5 (c) P to Q 4 


(Mr. Forth.) (Mr. Grimshaw.) 

13 P tks P B to Q 3 

14 KttksPch(rf)Btk8Kt 

15 P to Q 6 B to Kt 3 ch 

16 K to R sq B to K 3 
17Qtk3KtP(e) K Kt to B 3 

18 P to K Kt 3 B tks B 

19 QRtoKsqch(/)B to K 3 

20 Q to B 8 ch {g) Kt to Q sq 

21 PtoQR4 (/i) K to Bsq 
And White resigned after a few 

more moves. 

Notes by E. Frbeborough. 

(a) A reconnaissance ; finding the enemy in force he wisely 

(b) It is an accident of the environment that his opponent 
has the next move, otherwise his game would be a morning glory, 

(cj The student must not assume too rashly that White's 
last move was an oversight. It fits in admirably with the present 
one, for suppose the continuation possible by Kt takes P ch, B 
takes Kt and Black's Queen is lost ! 

(^dj Morphy f arioso. 



(e) Threatening mate, bat time deals cruelly with him. 

(fj Four pieces for four Pawns is a noble sacrifice ! There 
is unfortunately no decoration in Chess for gallantry. 

(g) The Queen will fight neither with small nor with great 
save only with the King. 

(h) This comes like a cold doiicJie after the thrilling emotions 
experienced during the late moves. This game shows that the 
true Berserker spirit is not yet extinct in the old town. 


Brilliant little game played at St. Petersburg in July, 1885. 
Fi)r the moves we are indebted to the Strategie, 

(Bishop's Gambit.) 


(Prince Dadian 

of Mingrelia.) (M. Boulitchoff.) 
lPtoK4 PtoK4 

2PtoKB4 PtksP 
3BtoB4 PtoQ4 

4 B tks P Kt to K B 3 

5 KttoKB3(a) Kt tks B 

6 P tks Kt Q tks P 

7 Castles B to K 3 

8 Kt to B 3 Q to Q 2 (6) 
9PtoQ4 PtoQB3 

10 B tks P 

BtoQ 3 



(Prince Dadian 
of Mingrelia. ) ( M. Boulitchoff. ) 

11 B tks B Q tks B 

12 Kt to K 4 Q to B 2 

13 Kt to K 5 Castles (c) 

14 Q to R 5 P to B 3 

16 R tks R ch K tks R 

17 R to B sq ch K to K 2 
18RtoB7ch(e) B tks R 

19 Q tks B ch K to Q 3 

20 Kt mates. 

•9 * 

Notes by C. E. Ranken. 

(a) Giving up a centre Pawn, but the attack gained thereby 
ought not to compensate for the sacrifice. The best course for 
White here is Q Kt to B 3, and if Black attacks the Kt with his 
K B, then Q to B 3. 

(b) Q to K R 4 would be stronger, and at the last move he 
should have played B to Q 3 instead of B to K 3. 

(c) Running into the lion's mouth ; he had in any case an 
inferior position, but Kt to Q 2 was perhaps the best resource 
both here and at his next moVe. 

(d) A beautiful coup whi^h forces the game at once. 
(e ) Pretty and conclusive. 




Deciding game in the Melbourne Olub handicap tourney, which 
gave the first prize and the championship to Mr. Fisher, who won 

every game he had to play. 

(French Defence.) 


(Mr.C. M. Fisher.) (Mr. A. Burns.) (Mr. 
1 P to K 4 P to K 3 24 

2PtoQ4 PtoQ4 25 

3 Kt to Q B 3 Kt to K B 3 26 
4BtoKKt5(a) B to K 2 27 

6 P to K 5 K Kt to Q 2 28 

6 B tks B Q tks B 29 

7 Q to Q 2 P to Q R 3 (6) 30 

8 P to K B 4 (c) P to Q B 4 31 

9 P tks P 

10 Kt to B 3 

11 Ktto K 2 

12 P to B 3 

13 Q Kt to Q 4 

14 Q to K 3 

Q tksP 
Kt to B 3 
Castles (d) 
Pto B 3 
R to K sq (e) 
Q to Kt 3 

15BtoK 2(/) QtksKtP 

16 Castles Kt tks Kt (g) 

17 P tks Kt P to K B 4 

18 B to Q 3 Q to R 6 

19 PtoKt4(A) Ktto Bsq 

20 K RtoKt sq (^) P to Q Kt 4 

21 R to Kt 3 Q to R 4 (j) 

22 K to R sq B to Q 2 
23RtoKKtsq QR to Bsq (A;) 



C. M. Fisher.) (Mr. A. Bums. ) 
B to Kt sq Q to Q sq 
Q to B 2 K to R sq 

Kt to R 4 P to Kt 3 
R to K R 3 (0 P tks P 
RtoQKt3(m)R toK 2 
R tks K Kt P B to K sq 
KtoKt2 RtoKKt2(n) 
K R from Kt 3 
to K Kt 3 R to B 8 (o) 
Q to Kt 2 Q to B sq 
P to B 5 (p) K R to Q B 2 
Q to Kt 4 (q) K to Kt 2 
P tks Kt P P tks P (r) 

R to B 3 (s) 
Q R to B 4 
Q to Kt 3 
B toQ 3 
R to Kt 4 
Q to Kt 2 

Bto B2 
P to R4 
P to Kt 5 
Q to Q sq 

Q to B2 

Q to K B 2 (h) Q R to B 7 
B tks R R tks B 

R tks B ch Resigns. 

Notes by C. E. Raneen. 

(aj This line of attack is not considered sound by the best 
European and American experts, and is now rarely adopted in 
match games unless it is followed by B takes Kt. 

(b) White's last move is supposed to be necessary in this 
form of the opening to enable the Kt to retire to Q sq, and to 
prevent the check of the B Q at Kt 5, and this move is certainly 
required prior to playing P to Q B 4, for otherwise White may 
continue with Kt to Kt 5. 



(c) Mr. Fisher here rejects the usual course Et to Q sq in 
favour of a new departure, the merits of which are very doubtful, 
notwithstanding his final success. 

fd) A better plan, perhaps, would be to play P to B 3 at 
once, for if 12 Q Kt to Q 4, then Q to K 2, whereupon White 
must either consolidate Black's centre by exchanges, or submit to 
a weak isolated P at K 5, which must ultimately fall. 

(e) We still prefer Q to K 2. Black seems to lose time with 
his Q presently. 

(fj The soundness of sacrificing the Pawn is very dubious. 

(g) But here and at his next move Black plays the opponent's 
game ; he should have retreated his Q at once to R 6 or Kt 3, 
leaving the Pawns in statu quo, 

(h) A strong move. From this point Mr. Fisher begins to 
get much the best of it. 

(i) Because Black threatened B to Q 2 and then B to Kt 4. 

(j) See note (e). The Queen is here quite out of play. 

(k) In such a position he could hardly afford to lose more 
time by taking the R P. 

(I) This and the next move allow Black needless breathing 
space, he should have played here Q to Kt 3, with the menace of 
P takes P, and then Kt takes B P. 

(m) There was no need for this caution, for White could 
have safely taken the Pawn with his Rook, and given up his 
Bishop, e.g, 28 R takes P, R to B 8 ch, 29 K to Kt 2, R takes B, 
30 Q to Q B 2 !, R to Kt 5, 31 Kt takes P ch, and wins. We 
give a diagram. 

Position after Black's 27th move. 
Black (Mr. Bubns.) 

White (Mr. Fishbb.) 



(n) Evidently his safest course'*: be could gain nothing by 
doubling his Rooks. 

(o) Useless ; he should have played Q R to B 2, since White 
is clearly threatening P to B 5. 
(p) The winning move. 

Clinching the nail effectually. 

P to R 3 would only yield temporary relief. 

Refining overmuch, and nearly losing all that he had 

The direct and simple Kt takes P was, of course, the 



ftj This drives the Q where she wants to go, round to the 
K's side, yet there appears nothing better to be done. 

(uj As the Australian commentator observes, White must 
win now from the force of bis position, but at this point Black 
falls into a simple trap which leads to a speedy termination. 


Match games played at West Yorkshire Meeting at Huddersfield, 

April 17th, 1886. 

(French Game.) 


(Mr. Ask ham (Mr. C. G. Bennett 

of Sheffield.) 

1 P to K 4 

2 P to Q 4 

3 P tks P 

4 Kt to K B 3 

5 B to K Kt 5 

6 B to R 4 

7 B to Q 3 

8 Q Kt to Q 2 

9 P to B 3 

10 Castles 

11 PtoKR3 

12 B to Kt 3 

13 Kt to K 5 

14 B tks Kt (d) 

15 B tks Kt 

16 P tks P 

17 Q to B 3 (e) 

18 Q R to K sq 

of Leeds.) 
PtoK 3 
PtoQ 4 
P tksP 
Kt to K B 3 
P to K R 3 
BtoK 2 
Bto K 3 
Kt to B 3 
P to R 3 (a) 
Kt to Q 2 (b) 
Kt to B 3 (c) 
Kt tks Kt 
P to Q B 4 
B tksB 
Q toB 2 
Q to Kt 3 


(Mr. Askbam (Mr. C. G. Bennett 
of Sheffield.) of Leeds.) 

19BtoB2(/) KRtoKsq 

20 Q to Q 3 P to Kt 3 

21 PtoQKt3(fi^)BtoB4 

22 Q to Kt 3 B tks B 

23 P to Q B 4 

24 R tks R ch 

25 Q to Q 6 

26 Q tks B 

27 Q to Q 6 

28 P to Q R 4 

29 Q to Kt 3 

30 P to B 3 

31 Q to Q 6 

32 P to R 5 

33 K tks Q 

34 K to B 2 

35 Q tks Q 

36 White resigns. 

Q toR 4 
Q tks Kt 
P to Q 5 (h) 
Bto K 5 
P to Q 6 
Q to K 7 
PtoQ 7 
Q tks R ch 
R to K 8 ch 
P queens 
R tks Q 



Notes bt E« Fbeeborougu. 

(a) He elects to play a waiting game, for there should be no 
objection ou his part to White playing B to Q Kt 5 in this position. 

(h) The chances arising from Kt to R R 4 appeal strongly to 
the imagination. It threatens Kt to B 5 ; if White reply by 
B to Kt 3, then Kt takes B ; P takes Kt, B to Q 3. 

(c) Still waiting for White to come on, but he ought not to 
be able to afford all this loss of time. 

(d) It is not easy to see why this should be preferred to 
14 P takes Kt, Kt to Q 2 ; 15 Q to R 5, &c. 

fe) He cannot of course hold the Pawn against Queen and 

(f) An exceedingly pretty trap but unfortunately too obvious. 
If Q takes P ; Q to Q 3 gains a time for R takes B, and R to 
Q Kt sq. 

(g) A fatal oversight. B to Kt 3 was good enough. 

(h) P takes P is a simpler win. If Q to Kt 2, which he 
seems to anticipate, then R to K 8. 


(Irregular Opening.) 


(Mr. C. G. Bennett.) (Mr. T. Y. Stokoe.) 

1 Kt to Q B 3 P to Q 4 

2PtoQ4 KttoQB3(a) 

3PtoK3 PtoK3 

4 P to Q R 3 (&) K Kt to K 2 

5 Kt to B 3 Kt to Kt 3 
6BtoQ3 BtoQ3 

Kt to B 5 
Kt tks B ch 
B to K 2 (c) 
P to Q R 3 
Castles {d) 

7 P to K 4 

8 P to K 6 

9 Q tksKt 

10 B to K 3 

11 KttoK2 

12 Kt to Kt 3 

13 P to K R 4 (e) P to B 4 
14PtksPeni? B tks P 

16 Kt to Kt 5 B tks Kt (/) 
IGPtksB PtoKKt3 

17 P to K B 4 Kt to K 2 

18 Castles Q side Kt to B 4 

19 B to Q 2 B to Kt 4 (g) 


(Mr. 0. G. Bennett.) (Mr. T. Y. Stokoe.) 

20 Q to Q B 3 P to Q Kt 3 

21 Q R to K sq Q to Q 2 

22 Kt to K 2 P to B 4 
24KttksP QRtoQBsq(i) 

25 Kt tks Kt U) R tks Q 

26 Kt to R 6 ch K to Kt 2 

27 B tks R oh P to Q 6 
28BtoQ2 RtoBsq(l) 

29 P to B 6 K P tks P 

30 P tks P P tks P 

31 RtoK7oh(A:)Qtk8R 

32 Kt tks P oh K to B sq 

33 B to Kt 4 (0 Q tks B 

34 P tks Q B to Q 6 (m) 

35 Kt tks P B to Kt 3 

36 R to B sq ch K to K sq 

37 R to B 6 R to Kt sq 

38 Kt to K 6 R to Kt 2 



39 Kt to B 4 

40 P to Kt 3 

41 K to Et 2 

42 P to B 4 

43 K to B 3 

44 Et to Q 3 

45 Et to E 6 

46 R to E 6 ch 

47 R to Q 6 ch 

48 P to B 5 

49 P tks P 

50 P to Et 4 

51 P tks P 

52 RtoB6ch(n) 

B toB2 
E toE 2 
B to E sq 
E to E sq 
B to Kt 3 
B to Et 8 
E toQsq 
E to B sq 
BtoR 7 
P to Q R 4 
R to Et 4 
E to Q sq 


53 P to R 6 

54 P to R 7 

55 E to Et 4 (o) 
66 R to E R 6 

57 E to Et 6 

58 P to B 6 

59 E to B 5 

60 E to Q 6 

61 R to B 6 

62 R to B 8 (r) 

63 Et to Q 7 («) 

64 P to B 7 ch 

65 Et to Et 6 ch 

66 P Queens ch 


RtoR 4 
R tksP 
R to E Et 2 ! 
K to E sq 
E to Q sq 
B toB 2 
B to E sq 
RtoE 2 
R to E 8 it) 
E toBsq 
E to Et 2 
Black resigns. 

(a) 2 P to Q B 4, Kt to E B 3, P to E 3, are all better 
moves. The disadvantage of having his Q Et in front of his B P 
would then be realised in due time by White. 

(b) Timid play, but as his opponent follows suit it does not 

(c) Black has lost three moves by his Knight play, and White 
has in consequence a much better position. 

(d) His 10th and 11th moves were weak in their excess of 
caution. This one is weak in its excess of boldness. White's four 
opposing pieces should be able to force the game. 

(e) Begins a strong attack. ' 

(/) Forced. Improving White's position. If 16 P to E Et 3, 
16 Et takes R P, E takes Et ; 17 P to R 5, &c. 

(g) Black retorts. 

(h) A risky rejoinder^ 

(i) Quite unexpected by the White player. 

(j) White gives up the Q in hopes of retrieving the loss by- 
and-by, and Black curiously enough gives him the opportunity. 

(k) The game is now even again. 

(/) A questionable refinement upon Et takes Q. 

(m) Black plays rather wildly after his late loss. The Q P 
might do this business. 

(n) White now has gained the better position. 

(o) Suppose 56 R to B 8, B to Q 4 ; 57 E to Q 4, B to 
E Et 7 ; 58 R to B 7 ch, E to E 3 ; 59 Et to B 4, and Black 
might resign at once. 

(p) Black is in the midst of dangers. 

(q) This seems further to improve White's game. 

(r) The toils are now closing round the Black monarch. 

(s) Shutting off all help. 

(t) Too late. 



Played in the " Hull Liberal Club v, Grimsby *' Match. 



(Mr. J. Crake.) (Mr. H. R. Brown.) 

1 P to K 4 

2 Kt to Q B 3 

3 P to B 4 

4 Kt to B 3 

5 P to Q 4 

6 Bto B4 

7 Castles 

8 Q B tks P 

9 B tks P oh 

10 Q tks P 

1 1 B to Kt 5 

12 KttoQ5 

13 Kt tks Kt 

14 B tks B 

PtoK 4 
Kt to Q B 3 
P tks P 
P to K Kt 4 
PtoQ 3 
P to Kt 5 
P tks Kt 
K,t to R 4 (a) 
K Kt to B 3 
B to Kt 2 
R to B sq 
B tks Kt 
Q to K sq 



(Mr. J. Crake.) (Mr. H. R. Brown.) 

15 QtoKKt3(6)QtoK 3 

16 Q to Kt 7 oh (c) K to K sq 

17 P to Q 5 

18 Q to Kt 3 

19 Q to Q B 3 

20 P to K 5 

21 Q tks P eh 

22 BtoK7dischB toB 4 

23 R tks B ch Q tks R 

24 RtoKBsq(e) Q tks R ch 

Q toB 2 
Q to K Kt 3 
P to Kt 3 (d) 
P tksP 
K to B 2 

25 K tks Q 

26 Q to K 6 ch 

27 B tks R oh 

28 K to K 2 

29 K to Q 3 

30 Q to K 5 ch 

Q R to K sq 
K to Kt 2 
R tks B ch 
R to B 2 
Kt to Kt 2 
K to B sq 

31 P to Q Kt 4 and wins. 

Notes bt £. Fbeebobouoh. 

(a) If 8 P takes P Mr. Crake suggests either 9 K takes P, or 
9 B takes P ch, K takes B, 10 Q ch, K to Kt 2, il R to B 3, &c. 
This opening is similar to that treated by Mr. W. T. Pierce, 
B.C.M., 1886, p. 7. 

{b) 15 Q to E 5 ch, winning the Kt for a P, simplifies. 

(c) 16 B to Kt 7 dis ch wins the Rook. 

(d) He has other moves at bis disposal. 19 B to R 6 is Uie 
best of them, but 20 R to B 2 is a satisfactory reply. 

(e) There is no objection to 24 Q takes Q ch, ( if ) K takes 
B, 25 P to Q 6 ch wins at once. 

Game in the Surrey and Sussex Match, May 8th, 1886. 

(Giuoco Piano.) 

WHITE. black. 

(Mr. H. Jacobs, (Mr. H. W. Butler, 
Surrey.) Sussex. ) 

1 P to K 4 P to K 4 

2 Kt to K B 3 Kt to K B 3 


(Mr. H. Jacobs, (Mr. H. W. Butler, 
Surrey.) Sussex. ) 

3KttoB3 KttoB3 

4BtoB4 BtoB4 





17 Kt to K 2 


6 B to K Kt 5 

BtoK 2 

18 P tkfl P 

P tks P 

7 Castles 

PtoQ 3 


B t.kR R P 


BtoK 3 

20 B tks Kt 

P tks B 

9 B to Kt 3 

QtoQ 2 

21 P tks B 


10 Kt to E 2 


22 K to B 2 


11 Kt to Kt 3 

P to K R 3 

23 K Kt to Kt 

sq R tks Kt oh 

12 B to E 3 (a) 


24 Kt tks B 



BtoQ 3 

25 K to K sq 

R to K sq 


Kttks P 

26 R to Q B 2 

B to Kt 6 ch 

16 P to B 4 (6) 


27 R covers 

B tks R ch and 

16 P tks Kt 




(a) The Bishop is no use now on this square, and the retreat 
gives Black time to advance his Q P. Better take the Kt 

[5) This leaves a weak Q P, for which he suffers later on. 

[c) He has ruined his position by his fifteenth move, and has 
now nothing to do. Black takes the offensive, and finishes the 
game in good style. 





Seventeen positions were originally sent in by nine composers 
for competition in this tourney, but of these the three (Nos. 4, 
5, 6) bearing the motto, <^Mes Pens6es," were withdrawn* 
though after publication, by the author. It was also subse- 
quently discovered that No. 7, ''Bob Boy," was inadmissible 
accordmg to the rules of the tourney, as being an impossible 
position, and it was therefore ruled out of &e competition. 
Apart from this defect, however, it had at least one second 
solution, which would have disqualified it from obtaining a 
prize. Of the remaining thirteen end-games no less than seven, 
the judge regrets to say, have proved unsound. These are, No. 
2, ** Tons les genres, &c., owing to a second solution by 1 Kt to 
B 4 ; No. 9, <' Called Back," which has four or more solutions ; 
No. 11, " Vincit Veritas," in which the mate can be effected in 
four instead of six moves ; No. 14, '' Brittannia," second solution 
by 1 Kt takes B (which could easily have been prevented by 
adding a B P and W P at their respective Q B 4 squares) ; 
No. 15, ''Brittannia," several solutions, and Nos. 16 and 17^ 
" aeXirrov ov^eV," the first of which has two solutions, and the 
second six. The case of No. 14 is peculiarly unfortunate, since 
it would certainly on its merits have gained a prize, if not the 
first prize, but for the unlucky flaw. 


There remain therefore six end-gamea only to be adjudicated 
upoiit namely, Noa. I.^ TTT., YUI., X., XII., and XITI. 

With regard to No. I. it will be obserred at once that the 
position is somewhat improbable, and that the modus operatidi 
of the solution is very obviotis, since Black is threatening both 
to mate and to win the Queen. There is also a minor dual on 
the second move, for White can play 2 Q takes B ch, or 2 B to 
B 4 ch| indifferently. The idea is not original, but it is rather 
ingeniously worked out. We refer our readers to p. 172 of our 
last voL for the points to which marks will be given, and we 
haye fixed 10 as the maTimum for each of the three headings 
there named. Our estimate then of No. L will be thus g^aged :^- 
Usefulness 3, Ingenuity and brilliancy 8, Neatness 6 — ^Total 16. 

No. m., by the same author, is a mudi deeper and more 
difficult stratagem; the position is natural, save, perhaps, that of 
the Kt at B sq, and the solution dever and complicated. 
Unfortunately, however, its good qualities are marred by a 
dual solution commencing with K to B sq at White's second 
move. In our Dec. No. (VoL v. p. 446) we undertook to give 
the dual solution in fall, but as there are eleven variations, and 
as two out of three of our Solution Tourney Prize-winners, and 
another competitor, agree that there is such a solution, perhaps 
it is now unnecessary, though at the same time, we are prepared 
to substantiate our assertion, in case of demand, by a full 
analysis. We were at one time doubtful whether we ought not 
to disqualify the position altogether, but as the dual occurs on 
the second move only, we have decided to penalise it by the de- 
duction of 10 marks, which wiU make its score nm thus:—- 
Usefulness 8, Profundity and Ingenuity 10, Neatness 7— Total 
25. Deduct for dual 10, remainder 16. 

No. Vili., '' NoH turbare circulos meos," is by no means a 
likely position, and therefore not veiy useful ; the idea is far 
from being original, except perhaps as regards the shutting out 
of the Black King from the two White Pawns, and the solution 
is tolerably apparent. Marks, Usefulness 3, Ingenuity 7, Neat- 
ness 7 — ^Total 17. No. X., " Vincit Veritas," is by far the most 
natural and useful position of the whole competition. It is a 
very instructive Pawn ending, which might eai^y occur in play, 
and if it did not do so, it is very neaUy and ingeniously con- 
structed. Marks, Usefulness 10, Ingenuity 7, Neatness 7 — Total 
24. In No. XII., by the same author, the intention is rather 
spoilt by Mr. Blake's discovery that after 1 Kt to B 7 ch, K to 
B 3y White can bring his Kt back to K 6, threatening to win 
the P at B 6, and compelling the Black King to return to K 4. 
In tiie other variation, however, 1..., K to B 6, it is neat and 
useful. Marks, Usefulness 8, Neatness 6 — Total 13. No. XIII., 


'' Lorionata," is not a probable position, for what conld have 
been Black's last more ? The initicd moves of the solution are 
obvions enough, but some of the subsequent ones are more 
difficult. There is, however, not much in it. Marks, TJeefulneBs 
5, Ingenuity 5, Neatness 5 — Total 15. It will thus be seen that 
the award of the first prize falls to '' Vincit Veritas," No. X., 
a position that is in every way worthy of the honour. The 
same praise can hardl y be bestowed on the second and third 
prise-winners, viz.. No. Vlll, '^ Noli turbare circulos meos," and 
No. I., ** Tons les genres, &c.," and it is certain that they would 
never have obtained more than honourable mention but for the 
flaws in No. 3 and No. 14. 

The science of End-game composition is apparently still in 
its infjEuicy. More care is needed in these endings than even in 
problems to avoid mistakes, and certainly a greater wealth of 
ideas is eminently desirable. We commend our young composers 
in this line of strategy to a diligent study of Mr. Horwitz's last 
book, and we hope that if ever we conduct a similar tourney 
again we shall find them considerably improved. 

0. R Eakksk. 

First Prize, £2, "Vincit Veritas," No. X. 

Second Prize, £1, " Noli turbare circulos meos," No. Viil. 
Third prize, Horwiti's End-games, "Tons les genres, &c.," No I. 


1 to 8. Tons les genres — J. Jespersen, Elbe, Denmark. 

4 „ 6. Mes Pens^es. Withdrawn. 

7. Rob Roy-^W. H. Lyons, U. S. A. 

8. Noli turbare— Otto Meisling, Copenhagen. 

9. Called Back — A. F. Mackenzie, Jamaica. 
10 „ 12, Vincit Veritas—J. Burt, Bristol. 

13. Lorionata— H. M. Prideaux, Bristol. 

Hand 15. Brittannia — Paul Richter, Stettin. 

16 „ 17. aeXirrov ovhiv — ^Dr. J. W. Hunt, London. 


1st Prize, £2, given by Rev. C. E. Ranken J. Btjbt. 

2Dd Prize, £1, given by the Editor Otto Meisling. 

3rd Prize, Horwitz's Chess Studies, given by Rev. C. E. Ranken, 

J. Jespeksem'. 

According to the conditions, the award will be kept open 
for three months. 


l8T Pbikb. Bt J. Bdrt. 


White to play find win. 
2sD Piuza By Otto MmaLiNa. 3rd Pbizk Bt J. JsaPBBsai. 

White to play aud draw. White to play and draw. 



Bt H. J. C. Amdbsws. 

HiRBOK OP Amerioan Sports Pboblkh Touhhet. — Tbe pre- 
liminaty seleotiona of Messrs. Babaon, Uiilsen and Rotchbelm 
presentod, in all, 25 problems to the notice of the ultimate judge, 
Mr. H. J. C. Andrewa, and the prizes, 6Te in number, have been 
awarded by him thus : — 

Four-movers, lat Prize K Pradignat. 

2nd W, A. Shinkman. 

Honourably mentioned ... H. and E. Bettmann and H. Pratt. 

Three^moTere, Ist Prize C. Planck. 

2nd , A. F. Mackensie. 

Houourablj mentioned W. A. Shinkman. 

Two-movers, Single Prise A. F. Maokeiieie. 

Honourably mentioned, H. and E. Bettmann, E. N. FrankensteiD, 
T. Tavemer, and " Humble Pie." 
The award remains open to objeotion. 

The three firat prize problems will be found on another page. 
For tbe benefit of those who like two-movers, we here present 
tbe pair next in order of merit in this section. One, that by 
Bettmami Bros., is striking oa account of its uncommon theme — 
a ran feature in two-movers. Mr. Frankenstein's speaks for itself 
and will be generally admired. 

Bv H. AND E. BiTTHANif. Bt E. N. Frahkenbtsht. 



It is with regret we learn that the columns devoted to Chess 
in ThB Mirror bAve been discontinued, but as Mr. Peterson has 
transferred his services to The Wanderer, a much more attractive 
paper to the general reader, perhaps the change will be rather 
advantageous than otherwise. The illustrations in The Wanderer 
are alone worth the subscription price of the paper, and the literary 
merit of the articles, outside Chess, also continues well up to the 

Milwaukee Sunday Tblegbafh Sboond Tourney. — The judge, 
Mr. S. Loyd, has awarded the prizes as follows : 1st G. J, Slater, 
2nd C. Planck, 3rd S. M. Joseph, 4th C. E. Dennis, 5th T. 

In the tourney of the Illustrated Family Joumaly Copenhagen, 
59 competitors took part and the prizes have been thus awarded : 
1st F. Moller, 2nd H. Eeidanski, 3rd J. Pospisil, 4th A. F. Mac- 
kenzie, 5th G. J. Slater. 

The Bohemian Club, Prague, announces a three and four-move 
direct mate tourney. The usual rules about originality, diagram- 
ming positions, mottoes and sealed envelopes, must be observed. 
Not more than two problems of each kind must be posted on or 
before August 1st. Address, Fr. Moucka, Prague (Banka Slavia), 
Bohemia. Prizes in gold. 

Four-movers, 1st, 80 francs. Three-movers, 1st, 60 francs. 

2nd, 60 „ 2nd, 40 „ 

3rd, 40 „ 3rd, 20 „ 

Entrance fee, 1 florin, which will not be returned. 
The 4th rule of this tourney states that, *^ Common problems are 
admitted," a proviso forming a problem that beats us 1 especially 
as rule No. 1 mentions that the tourney consists of sections for 
direct four and three-movers. 

It is intended to inaugurate our next volume with a problem 
tourney divided into two sections — one for three-move direct 
mates, the other for sui-mates of similar length. A solution 
tourney will run concurrently with the above. Further particulars 
will be announced next month. 

The " Bristol " Theme. — Several ingenious emendations on 
this — apparently a subject of undying interest with composers- 
have lately been printed. In our review of CAess Nut Burrs we 
named a problem by Mr. Grimshaw as having been in advance of 
Healey's celebrated version of the theme. Mr. F. M. Teed, of New 
York, writing to us lately, asked to see the earlier edition, and 
also forwarded a still older stratagem by T. Berlin (" L'Anonyme 
de Lille ") which has some bearing on the same principle, but to a 
more limited extent. We print the pair side by side for the benefit 
of all interested, with mainplay appended. 


By W. Gbushaw, Bv T. Hkbun, 

published in 1654. from La Begmee, Juoe, 1849. 

White to pU; and m«te in four movea. White to play and mate in fire moves. 

Mainplat.— R to Q B 2, B to R 4, IK makea room for R, tbeu 2 R 
2 R to Q Kt 2, Any, 3 Kt at K B 6 to to K Kt aq, 3 R to Kt 8, &c. 

Q 5 ch, K to K 5, 4 Q to Q B 2 mate. 

On tlit that Ur. Carpenter, the reuownod Amoriciui judge and 
composer, coatemplatee issuiug a collection of his own probloms 

in book form. 


No. 343.— 1 B to Q 3, P takes Kt, 2 Q to K ■!, P takes Q, 3 B to 
BiHi, Anymove, 4BtoR3mate. If I B toQsq, 2 K to K8, F takes 
Kt, 3 Q to II 4, Any, 4 Q mates accordingly. If 1 P to B 4^ 2 Q 
to U 4, P takes Kt, 3 Q to B 6 oh, K t<> Q 2, 4 B takes P mate. 

No. 344.— 1 B takes Q B P, P takes B (a), 2 Q to Q sq cb, 
itc. («) I..., K to B4, Ac, 2 Q to Q 3 cb,&c. 

No. 345.-1 Q to Q B 8, P takca Kt (a), 2 Q to B 6 ch, K to 
Q 3, 3 B to B 4 mate, (a) K takes Kt (6), 2 Q to K 6. &c. 
(i.) K to K 5 or 4, 2 Q to B 5 cb, &c. 

No. 346.— 1 Q to B 8, Q takes Q, 2 Kt at R 2 to Kt 4, B takes 
Kt, 3 Kt to B 7, Any, 4 Kt mates. Ifl B to Kt 3, 2 Q takes 
Q ch, K takes B, 3 Q to Kt 4 oh, &c. (in this problem the Black 
R P should have been on R 5.) 

No. 347.— 1 R to Kt 6, K takes R (a), 2 R to Kt 5 oh, Ac. 
(a) 1 P to Kt 4 (b), 9 R to R 4 ch, &c (b) 1 Any other moye 
except B takes R, 2 B to K 4 ch, &c 

No. 348, — This problem ie wrong.tbere being no mate in one case. 



The award in this competitiou has just been annoaaoed. In 
the two-move section there were eleven entries, and the two prizes 
(^2 and £1) have been awarded to Mr. C. PUnck and Mrs. T. B. 
Rowland respectively. In the three-move section there were nine 
entries, and the prizes (also £2 and £1) fall to Ueesra. C. Planck 
and W. H. Walsh respectively. Through the conrlesy of Mr, 
T. B. Rowlaud, of Dublin, we are enabled to publish the prizo- 
' ich are aa loUow : 

By C. Plavck, M.A., London. Bt Mrs, T. B. Rowlabd, Dublin. 

White to play and mate in two moves. Whits to play and mate in two moves 
By C. Plsnck, M.A., Loudon, Uy W. H. Walsh, Dublin. 

White to play and mate in thiee m 



No. 349.— Br H. J. C. ANDREWS. No. 350.^By C. E. TUCKETT. 

White to pUf sod iut« in time movei. White to plaj and mate in three n 

Na 351.— By B. HULSEN. No. 352.— Br J. C. BREMNER. 



White to pUj and mete in three more*. White to pUj' snd mete in three moTW. 


No. 353.— By E. PKADIONAT. (See p. 260.) 



White to pby and mate in four mores. 
No. 354.— Bt C. PLANCK. No. 365.— Bt A. F, MACKENZIE. 



Frakce. — ^The match between the selected team of the British 
Chess Glub and a similar team of the Oerde des Echecs came off at 
Paris on Saturday, the 29th May. Ten players a side took part 
in the match and the result was a draw^ each side winning four 
games whilst two games were drawn. 

Bus8iA«— The British Chess Club was very prompt in taking 
up the dtfi of the St. Petersburg Club (alluded to in our March 
number) to a match by correspondence. The stake will be £40, 
two simultaneous games are to be played, but the moves, it 
appears, are to be sent by the telegraph. On the side of London 
will be Messrs. Bird, Blackbume, Mason, and other prominent 
members of the Leicester Square fraternity, while on the part 
of St. Petersburg the names of Messrs. Bezkrowny, Clementz, 
Schiffers, and Tdhigorin ensure a list of foemen quite worthy of 
their steel. 

Oebmant. — A Thuringian Chess Association was inaugurated 
on April 10th at Erfurt, and that town was also chosen as the 
locale for its first Chess Congress, which will take place this 
summer. Ten dubs have already joined the Association, and 
Dr. Schwede of Erfurt has been elected Secretary. Li the winter 
tourney of the Berlin C. C. the first prize was won by Herr 
Caro, the second by Herr Specht, and the third by Herr Schallopp. 

Herr Heyde of Brunswick, the editor of ** Brdderschaft," 
paid a visit lately to Stroebeck, and played a large number of 
simultaneous games at the local clubs. At the ladies' dub, which 
now counts 18 members, he had 7 opponents. He afterwards 
gave a lecture at the club on modern Chess literature. 

SwiTZBELAND. — There were 22 members enrolled during last 
winter in the " International Club " at Davos Platz, ten of whom 
took part in the annual tourney. The winner of the first prize 
was Dr. Walz. 

Amebioa. — After the great match was over, Mr. Steinhz 
returned to New York, while Mr. Zukertort went to recruit his 
health on the Pacific coast. 

The New Orleans Club handicap tourney resulted as follows : 
First prize, ^15, Mr. Blanchard (CI. 3), Second prize, jjll, Mr. 
Tennison (Cl 3), Third prize, $8, Mr. L. Clandel (CI. 3), Fourth 
prize, $4, Mr. C. A. Maurian (01. 1), Fifth prize, $2. Mr. Dunn, 
(01. 2). Well done Class 3 ! It is not often that they are so 
successful as this. 


Canata. — The annual tourney of the Canadian Chess Asso- 
ciation was held this year at Quebec. The first prize^ $12, fell 
to Master N. Macleod, the second, $8, was gained by Mr. 
Saunderson, and the third, $5, by Mr. D. B. Madeod. The 
meeting next year will be at Montreal, and Dr. Howe was elected 
President for 1886-7. The Quebec Club tourney resulted in the 
medal and championship being won by Mr. McLimont. 

Cuba. — The Havana Chess Club lately removed to its new 
and commodious quarters at No. 110 Prado St. A tourney of 
14 competitors was in progress, and Sen. Golmayo, and all tho 
principal players are engaged in it. 

AtrsTRAUA. — A presentation of a purse of sovereigns has 
been made by the members of the Adelaide Club to Mr. Char- 
lick, the Chess editor of the Souih Australian Chronicle^ in 
recognition of his long continued services in the cause of Chess. 

Twenty-three competitors are taking part in the handicap 
of the Victorian Chess and Draughts Club at Melbourne. Mr 
Sperring is the present holder of the cup. Mr. W. Crane, jun., 
has won the first prize and the challenge cup in the handicap 
tourney of the Sydney Club. The tourney was conducted on 
the section plan, and the winners of the sections played a final 
pool to determine their places. Mr. Dalm took second prize, 
and the third went to Mr. Hagens. 


We have received from Herr Adolf Boegner, Leipzig, a copy 
of a little work containing the whole of the games in the late 
match between Messrs. Steinitz and Zukertort, with original 
notes by Herr Minckwitz, 52 diagrams, elaborate history of the 
matchy biographies of the players, &c. &c. The book is very 
nicely printed and runs to ttie number of 202 pages. We have 
ordered a supply from the publisher, and shall be able to send 
out copies for 2/6, including postage. 

We extract the following remarks on " Time-limit at Chess" 
from the Irish Sportsman of May 22nd. They are from the pen 
of our esteemed co-operator Mr. Long. The subject is a very 
important one and we shall be glad to hear from any of our 
readers who think they can add anything of value to the discussion. 

"No sensible person who is in flavour of quick play will advo- 
cate a pace that will produce nothing but * skittles.' All he wiU 
argue for will be a rate that will be long enough for players to 
produce fairly sound and good games, and to enable them to 
compete in tournaments without having to sit perhaps seven or 
eight hour& over a game at a stretch. Slow play by no means 


prodocdsagamederoidof mistakes, and great ones too. Witness 
many matches between first-rates. Witness also ooirespondence 
ffamesy where hoars are often spent oyer a single moTe, and a 
bad one transmitted after all, perhaps. Besides, credit should 
be given for quick sight of the board. I would not be in favour 
of a time-limit to suit either the quick player or the slow one, 
nor of the strong over the physically weak ; I would take a mean 
between the two as fedr and reasonable. Some players cannot 
sit for more than two or three hours over a game at a time, but 
in that period will be able to play a very strong, sound, and 
interesting one. Take also a tournament where many players 
can only play in the evening. If you adopt a alow limit of 
15 moves an hour, a game of 45 moves (average length) would 
take six hours to play^ and a game of 60 moves eight hours. It 
must be borne in mind that 15 moves per hour in reality means 
two hours f6r a game of 15 moves, and so on. Is not such a 
pace too slow for these busy times, and is it practical in a crowded 
tournament to get through all the games in a fortnight ? Take 
a mediumpaee of thirty moves an hour, and you will have a 
game of 45 moves (average length) over in three hours, and 
one of 60 moves (a long game) in four hours. And I venture to 
think that the games at &e medium pace will, on the whole, be 
as good as those at the slow. The fast pace, say 60 moves an 
hour, i.e. two hours for a game of 60 moves, will do very well for 
ordinary dub play where match play or tournaments are not in 
question, and I believe that the majority of club games, and good 
ones too, are played faster. However, the point I have in view 
is a practical one for tournament play, to mraw a line between 
the fjEuit and slow player, and to give and take between the physi- 
<^y strong and delicate Ohessist, who although a good player, 
will be ezhAusted before the game is half over-^it may be eight 
hours at 15 moves per hour. Thirty moves an hour would be a 
fair average between all parties, or even twenty-four, but slower 
thui the latter would, I submit, be too slow. Slow play of 15 or 
20 moves an hour coiild be reserved for matches, in those cases 
where each player had the time, physical strength, and inclination 
for so retarded a rate of progress/' 

A match, seven players a side, was fought at Bochdale on the 
8th May between the third team of the St. Ann's Ohess Qub, 
Manchester, and the Bochdale Chess Club. Besult — St. Ann's, 
7 wins ; Bochdale, 6 wins ; 1 game drawn. Messrs. J. T. Palmer, 
Bochdale, and N. Miniati, St. Ann's, adjudged an unfinished 
game to be a win for St. Ann's, and this gave that dub the 

A match was played on Saturday, May 22ncl^ at Bodxdale, 
between the Eiocaoilly Ohess dub, Manchester, and the Bochdale 


Gheas dubi the visiton being victorious by 10 games to 2, four 
other games being drawn. 

The return match Bristol and CSlifton t; Cardiff and County, 
ten a side, was played May eth, at Cardiff. Besult : — ^Bristol 
and Clifton, 9. Cardiff and County, 6. 

The return match Bristol and Clifton v. Bath and District 
was played on Thursday, May 27th, at Bath. Final score — 
Bath, 11^; Bristol, 9^. 

We reserve solution of Mr. Qartrell's end-game, p. 225, as 
Mr. Womersley has suggested a move which apparently prevents 
Black from winning. We shaQ be obliged if solvers will kindly 
re-examine the position. 


Chbss nr Lohdoit. 

Town is now very full indeed. The interest in matters 
political of course has brought up, from time to time, a great many 
country cousins, and the Colonial and Indian Ebdiibition has 
proved very attractive to our stiU further away cousins (further 
away in distance only, not in aught that makes up nature's kin), 
whose homes are in tibe four quarters of the earth. Amongst idl 
these crowds of visitors many Chess-players, of course, are to be 
found, and they naturally gravitate to one or other of the Metro* 
politan Chess resorts to make things lively for the ''boys." 
Amongst others that typical English Chessist Mr. B. Steele (of 
Calcutta) is over, looking his best, and there is seldom a day passes 
that he does not look in at Simpson's. His presence amongst us 
has always been of benefit to Chess, and his visit this year is no 
exception, for he has already been the means of arranging a match 
between Mr. Bum, of Liverpool, and Mr. Bird. To this match 
I shall refer later on in my letter. 

The number of people who have asked me whether my friend 
of Furssell's was a mere fancy sketch or drawn from life luis been 
pretty numerous. The curious thing about it, however, is his own 
ignorance on the matter. He met me the other day, and as we 
were talking about the Steinitz-Zukertort match he suddenly said, 
'' Oh, by the way, what a singular thing your friend of Purssell's 
so often expresses my opinions. Now it is not fair, he must lay 
himself out to overhear my remarks and then retail them as hia 
own ! But what an awful cantankerous dress he puts them in at 
times ! ^ I heartily agreed with the last observation at any rate. 


The Winter Toarnament of the Citt op London Chbsb Club is 
a thing of the past, and the prizes have fallen to Messrs. £. P. 
Griffiths {3rd class), G. A. Hooke (2nd class), C. J. Woon (3rd 
class), H. S. Staniforth (4th class), H. F. Lowe (4th class), A. A. 
Kennedy (4th class), C. H. Coghlan (5th class), R. Manuel (6th 
class), E. George (4th class), A. Thomson (5th class), in the order 
named. As the name of the winner of the first-prize in the winter 
tourney is engraved on the Murton Cup, there is always a keen 
competition for the honour, and Mr. Grif&ths is to be congratulated 
on the result of his play. 

The British Chess Association is stirring itself to some effect. 
Its executive council met on the 13th May and decided the main 
points respecting the forthcoming Congress. This is intended to 
take place about the middle of July, and the Victoria Hall (famous 
now for Chess) of the Criterion is likely to be the place of meeting. 
There will be a programme similar in most respects to that of last 
year. A Master Tournament, first prize £80, second £50, third 
£40, fourth £25, fifth £15, whilst the whole of the entrance fees (£2 
each) will be divided between the otherwise non prize-winners in 
order of merit. The Minor Tourney prizes, five in number, range 
from £3 up to £20. Then there will be Tennyson and Ruskin 
tournaments and four-handed Chess and a problem competition, so 
that altogether the programme looks attractive. 

Last month I mentioned that Mr. Jacobs was engaged in 
getting together a fighting team of London University players. 
His efforts have been abundantly rewarded and his team has 
already fought, its first battle and won its first victory. That 
battle was fought on the 12th May, and the vanquished foe was a 
team of the City of London Club, so it cannot be considered that 
the London University has made a bad start. At first it was 
thought that a team entirely composed of third class players 
should be in the field on the City side, but this was seen to be 
very unsatisfactory for a first match, for whilst many of the Uni- 
versity were very strong players indeed, others were unknown and 
their strength could not be looked upon as more than fifth or sixth. 
It was thought that to pit such a team against a third class team 
would not have any satisfactory result, for it would be a foregone 
conclusion that the top City men would lose, whilst all its 
bottom players would win. At last a picked team was got together, 
that is, against every University name a player of presumably 
equal strength was placed. By this means no player on either side 
was hopelessly handicapped, and a really stubborn encounter 
resulted. One great feature of the match was that it was old 
friends that were met to give each other deadly wounds, for of the 
winning team no less than four were also City players, and one was 



A North Londoner, and curiously enough a Nortb Londoper was 
opposed to him. Comrades who thus had fought side by ude in 
dozens of desperate frays were now to meet as foes. It was so at 
the board where Mr. T. Block battled for the City, for apposed to 
him was Mr. Leonard, a formidable City knight Mr. J. T. Heppell 
too had to take that unkindest cut of all to a Chess-players-defeat 
— i^om £UEK)ther City player Mr. £. N. Frankenstein. Mesers. S. 
Tinsley and C. J. Wood w^e also face to face with City players in 
the persons of Mr. Jacobs and Mr, Gohen ; Mr. S. J. Steyens again 
had to do his best to carry dismay into the heart of hie old North 
London Mend Dr. Hunt, and as Mr. Stevens seldom has a thing 
to do without doing it well, the result was in his case veiy satisfac- 
tory to the City side. The accession of the Rev. W. Wayte to the 
ranks of the University was looked upon as a very favourable one, 
and great interest was manifested in the game he played with Mr. 
Anger. He hardly seemed in his best form, however, and the game 
ended in a draw. Play commenced at 7 and eontiuued iiU 11, at 
which hour Mr. Blackbume, acting as umpire, was called upon to 
adjudicate upon one game which was then unfinished. He gave 
this in as a draw, and this gave the University a win by 9^ to 7^-. 
In the score below the City men are arranged alphabetically, 
their University oppoDents being of equal reputed strength or 
thereabouts : — 


City op London. 

Anger, F 

Blo(*, T 

Chase, Anstey 



Cutler, C. G 

Gastineau, H. F 

Heppell, J. T 



Mackenzie, Dr 




Stevens, S. J 

Tinsley, S 

Woon, C. J 








Total 7i 



Wayte, Rev. W 

Leonard, H. S 

Zangwill, J 

Trenohapd, H. W. J 

Brodribb, W. B 1 

RabsoD, R 

Zangwill, L 1 

Frankenstein, E. N 1 

Marfleet, A. W 1 

Abrahams, J 

Gorch, A. E 

Smith, T. W 1 

Seward, H J 

Cathcart, P. H 1 

Hunt, Dr. 

Jacobs^ Herbert 

Cohen, L 



Three hearty cheers for the University, called for by Mr. 
Cutler, president of the City Club, concluded the proceedings. 

G 3 


As I have already mentioiied, a match between Mr. Bird of 
London, and Mr. Bom, of Liverpool, has been brought about mainly 
through the good offices of Mr. R Steele, of Calcutta. It is well 
known that Mr. Steele's interest in the well-being of the Liverpool 
Chess Club Is very great, and as Mr. Bum is its leading player 
Mr. Steele generously enabled him to issue a challenge to any 
English player— Blackbume excepted — ^to play a match for £50 
a side. Mr. Bird, who despite his years is full of fire, at once 
took up the defi and the malKsh is now going on at Simpson's 
Divan where it is, of course, attracting considerable attention. 
Mr. Bum is now (June 2nd) leading by 1, the present score being 
Bird 7 ; Bum 8. 

There is also some talk about a match for a small stake between 
Mr. Kackbume and Mr. S. J. Stevens, the well-known City amateur. 
Mr. Blackbume offers Mr. Stevens a Knight against }£r, Stevens 
giving up the right of Castling. Some original play would un- 
doubtedly result from such a match and I trust it may be arranged. 

J. G. C. 

Chbss in Sussex. 

Quite a red letter day and one not likely to be forgotten by 
Sussex Chess-players was that of the 8th of May last, when was 
played the return match against the County of Surrey. Play was 
fixed to commence at 3-30 p.m., at the Royal Pavilion, Brighton, 
but it was somewhat later before a start was made owing to a 
delay caused by the Sussex team being photographed. Mr. Arthur 
Smith", the popular and ever energetic Hon. Sec. of the Sussex Chess 
Association, had succeeded in getting together a thoroughly 
representative team of the strength of the county, in fact almost 
as strong as it was possible to get. Local players therefore 
expected that at least they would make a close fight with their 
opponents even if they did not succeed in securing the victory. 
On the Surrey side, however, Mr. Bees had not quite so 
strong a team with him as he at one time anticipated he could 
put in the field. The home players early in the fight obtained 
the advantage, which they gradually increased to the end, when 
the score-sheet showed 18| to them and 9^ to their opponents. 
This was the sixth match played between these counties, of which 
Surrey has won four and Sussex two matches. Nearly all the 
games were well played and closely contested, and many interest- 
ing positions occurred during the evening. There was a fair 
sprinkling of visitors watching the play, including several ladies 
and the Rev. G. A. MacDonnell. The following is the full score : — 





F. F. Cover (Heme Hill) .. 

H. Jacobs (Brixton) 

T. J. Beardsell (Bermondsey) 

B. F. Bassey (absent) — 

E. P. Griffiths (aty of Lend.) 1 

F. C. Burroughs (S. Norwood) 4 

E. H. Heath (Epsom) 

T, J. Clarke (S. Norwood)... 

H. C. Stewart (Brixton) 

C. P. Kindell (Brixton) 1 

J. E. Rabbeth (Putney) 

L. P. Rees (S. Norwood) 

H. S. Gover (S. Norwood) ... 1 

J. H. Dillon (Balham) 

A. H. Anderson (Tooting)... I 
E J. Winter Wood (Croydon) 1 

J. Steele (Croydon) J 

Harold Jacobs (Brixton) ... 1 
J. C. Thatcher (Brixton) ... 
H.F.Gastineau(CityofLond.) 1 




G. R Downer (Chichester) 1^ 

H. W. Butler (Brighton) ... 1 

H. Erskine (Brighton) 2 

W. Mead (Brighton) 1 

Dr. Vines (Littlehampton) 1 
Seigeant Major McAithur 

(Chichester) | 

W. V. Wilson (Brighton)... 2 

F.W.Womersley (Hastings) 1 

H. F. Cheshire (Hastings) ... 1 

R Jones (Hastings) 

G. A. Raper (Brighton) ... 2 

W. Andrews (Brighton) ... 1 

A. A. Bowley (Brighton) ... 1 
P. J. Lucas (Brighton) 2 

B. Pritchett (Brighton) ... 
G. Humphreys (Brighton) 
F. W. Comber (Brighton) ... J 

J. Broadbent (Lewes) 

W. Walker (Lewes) 1 

H. Nash (Horsham) 



As before remarked there have been six matches played 
between these counties, in which the following players who have 
played in four or more matches have scored as under : — 


Name of FUycr. 

No. of Score. 
Matchea. Won. Lost. 

Burroughs, F. C... 6 

Clark, T.J 6 

Gover, H 6 

Jacobs, Herbert ... 6 

Beardsell, T. J. ... 5 

Gover, F. F 5 

Kees, L. P 5 

Winter Wood, K J. 6 

Wyke Bayliss, J. . . . 4 

Nursey, A. C 4 

Steele, J 4 

Bussey, B. F. 4 

Watts, J. J 4 

Heath, £. H 4 

Griffiths, £. P. ... 4 

H 4i 

7* 4i 

6 5 

5 4 

H H 

4 1 

3i 2i 

4 3 




Name of Flayer. 

No of 


Lucas, P. J 6 

Mc Arthur, W. ... 6 

Downer, G. R. ... 6 

Butler, H. W, ... 6 

Erskine, H 5 

Cheshire, H. F. ... 5 

Humphreys, G.... 6 

Jones, R 5 

Mead, W 5 

Womersley, F. W. 5 

Smith, A 4 

Pierce, W. T. ... 4 

Andrews, W 4 

Bowley, A. A. ... 4 

Vines, Dr 4 

Won. Lost. 

H H 

2* H 

H H 

4i H 

6i 2i 

H H 

3 4 
H U 

3 5 




2* 2i 
3^ 3^ 



A match between the single and married members of the Brighton 
Gub was played on the 12th May, and resulted in an over- 
whelming yict(Hry for the bachelors with a score of 15 to 3. We 
are pleased to say there is a prospect of a match being played 
shortly between this and the Hastings Club during the summer 
months. H. W. B« 

St. OsoROi^s Chess Club. 

The Annual General Meeting took place on Saturday May 8tfa. 
Mr. Gattie was elected an additional member of the Committee ; 
the remaining business was purely formal. 

In the following week the Lowenthal Cup matches began ; but 
for unavoidable reasons the rate of progress has been somewhat 
slower than usual. The entrants are Mesers. Gattie, Minchin, and 
Wayte, and five games (draws counting half) will be played between 
each pair. Up to May 26th Mr. Minchin had played 7 games out 
of his 10, and won 2^ ; Mr. Wayte 6 games, scoring 4; Mr. Gattie 
6 games, 2 J wins. W. W. 


The following position occurred in actual play at the Hastings 
Chess Club between Mr. F. W. Womersley and another amateur. 
Mr. Womersley kindly offers Miles's " Poems and Chess Problems " 
for the first solution received by him at 13, York Buildings, 

Black (Mr. H. C.) 




White (Mr. Womersley.) 
White to play and win. 

The British Chess Magazine 

JULY, 1886. 


(From a volame of Poems by the late E. L. A. Dayies, of 
Tasmania, edited by C. Tomlinson, F.RS. London, Stanford; 
Hobart, Tasmania, J. Walch & Sons; Melbourne and Sydney, 
G. Eobertson, 1884.) 

Ws were playing Chess together. 

Where we often played for hours, 
Li a long and old verandah. 

That was covered in with flowers ; 
Claspt was every rustic pillar 

In the jasmine's white embraces, 
While amid them peeped the roses. 

With their laughing, blushing fauceB; 
And they filled the air with fragrance. 

With an audible low sound, 
As though they sang to spirits 

Unseen in the air around; 
For surely there is never a flower 

But is loved by some sweet soul, 
That drinks the sunbeam dew-drops 

From its pearly tinted bowl ; 
That lies dissolved in colour, 

Its delicate fair sense 
Yielding wholly to the flowers, 

And their gentle influence. 
And we hear an audible music, 

As they mingle and are blent, 
As they sink away in beauty, 

Die in colour, die in scent. 
But I little thought of flowers — 

Wasted was their choicest bloom, 
Wasted jasmine, wasted roses, 

All their delicate perfume; 


For she who played at Chess with me 

Was beautiful as summer dreams, 
And her Yoiee was the low music 

Of the rippling silyer streams. 
And her eyes were deep dark hazel, 

Though their darkness was not night. 
For soft and beauteous soul-beams 

Turned their darkness into light ; 
And when they saw her ruby Hps, 

The roses, merry wanton elves, 
Were sufiused with deeper blushes, 

Thinking that they saw themselyes. 

No wonder then I little oared 

For flowers choice and rare. 
When she who played at Chess with me, 

Was so supremely &ir. 
Twas now my tactics plain to check 

Hie leader of the pale-white band, 
When I lefb the game I know not how. 

And seized instead her whiter hand. 
I held her thrilling hand in mine, 

Which, though 'twas ne*er so lightly prest, 
Kindled all the love and ptission 

That had slumbered in my breast 
All that long day we spent together. 

In our pleasant low recess, 
Talking softly to each other, 

But not about the Chess; 
For though we talked and smiled and blushed. 

And mingled manv a sh^ caress, 
like flckle mortals tnat we were, 

We quite forgot the Chess ! 


It is difficult to persuade some very good Chess-players that the 
*^ country move " P to R 3 is not always a good one. It looks well 
as a protective measure, and its advantages are promptly realised, 
while its disadvemtages are dim and distant. It is disparaged in 
the books as a derangement calculated to work general deterioration. 
But how much of this may be attributable to a misunderstanding 
of methods of defence and development not akin to the writer's 
own, or not in accorde^ce witl^ the fashiooi of the time ? No clear 


cade lias been proved £igaijist the move. Besides, books can only 
iddress themselves to readers, and is it not the pride and pleasure 
of nmneroT2s Chess«players to aver that they have never studied the 
books and know nothing about them ? They play by the light of 
their own genius. like a certain historical beaver, when it becomes 
necessary to cHmb a tree they climb-— not that they can do it, but 
becauise they ^'have to," the process of adaptation, I suppose, 
bringing faculti^ and requirements into harmony. 

P to R 3 will grow into a pretty tall tree if well cultivated. 
Here is an early offshoot. (White) 1 P to K 4, (Black) P to K 4 ; 
2 Kt to K B 3, Kt to Q B 3 j 3 B to B 4, P to K R 3. This ia 
the country move proper which attacks nothing, and threatens 
nothing. 4PtoQB3, KttoB3j 5QtoKt3. Black's adjust- 
ment of internal relations to external relations is evidently impeifect. 
It is well for the rural lover to control, his impatience until he 
hais played out his K Kt and KB. It is quite possible that 
he will think otherwise, for Chess-players are in their opinions 
obstinate. I met with one lately who considered the loss of his 
K B P was only a trifle, ajid that he could get a counter-attack in 
lieu of it He succeeded, but his counter-attack came too early in 
the game. This, as I have pointed out in a previous paper, makes 
idl the difference between success and failure. 

The chief points of P to S R 3 are that it guards against B or 
Kt to Kt S, and thus indirectly protects the weak K B P; it provides 
a way of ^cape for the castled King if hard pressed on the other 
side ; it also lends itself to various attacking combinations into which 
it may be important that the Kt at K B 3 should not be pinned, 
so as to prevent the Queen &om being played to K B 5. The 
move is not unseldom adopted by the first player with the idea of 
making matters safe at home. It has had its day in the Evans 
Gambit, and still survives as a book move in some variations of the 
Oiuoco Piano. The objections to it are that it costs a time, and 
that the player is liable to have his position stormed by the adverse 
Queen and a minor piece, the sacrifice of the latter being frequently 
recoverable with interest if another piece can be brought to bear 
upon the King's quarters. There are other objections to the move 
on principle. I give a game played by a staunch believer in its 
virtue. It Will be seen that the second player avails himself of the 
opportunity afforded him to gain time, a Pawn, and a good position. 

(White) 1 PtoK 4, (Black) 1 P to K4i 2 Kt to K B 3, Ktto 
QB3;3BtoB4, BtoB4;4PtoQ3, PtoQ3;5BtoK3, 
B to Kt 3 ; 6 Kt to B 3, Kt to B 3; 7 P to K R 3, B to K 3 ; 
8 B to Q Kt 5. This is only logical K it is a good move to stop 
the enemy from playing B to Kt 5 it must be a good move to play 
him there when practicable. 8 (Black) Castles ; 9 B takes Kt— a 
further development of the same thought, P takes B; 10 Castles, 


Et to Q 2. The aim of both players is to advance their K B P, 
"but the course taken by Black is the shorter one. 11 B takes 6. 
This is necessary, although it gives up the minute advantage gained 
by his 9th move. 11 (Black) B P takes B ; 12 Et to B 2. The 
vacant square is utilised ; another development of the country move. 

12 (Black) P to E B 4— first in the field ! 13 P to K B 4, P takes 
E P ; 14 P takes E P, R takes R ch; 15 Et takes R, P takes 
Q P ; 16 Q takes P, Et takes P. The struggle is over. Black's 
two moves 10 and 12 have answered the same purpose as White's 
three moves 7, 12, 13, and Black's Et is better placed. He ought 
to win, and the end comes shortly. 17 Q to Et 3, Q to E 2 ; 
ISRtoQsq, BtoEB4; 19EttoE 3, Rto E B sq; 20 Et takes 
B, R takes Et ; 21 Et to E 4, P to Q 4; 22 Et to B 2, Q to B 4; 
23PtoB3, PtoER 3 — now a threatening move addressing 
itself to a higher kind of perceptive faculty than White displays on 
this occasion — 24 R to Q 2 — playing into Black's hand, Et to 
B 6 ch, and wins. 

The above game indicates as the allies and concomitants of P to 
E R 3 the moves B to Et 5, and Et to R 2, with P to E B 4 as 
the ultimate object. P to E Et 4 may follow when convenient, 
and the Eing's side is then fully prepared for decisive action. 
Against Steinitz, in the London Tournament of 1883, Dr. Noa 
followed up P to E R 3 by P to E Et 4, playing his E to E 2 and 
his Q R to E Et sq to support the side attack. He did not carry 
out his idea in the best possible manner, but he got a good game. 
There is no loss of time this way, but the force of the manoeuvre 
turns upon Black's castling early on Eing's side. 

The move B to Et 5 requires special treatment, and I do not 
propose to meddle with it at present. With regard to the retire- 
ment of the Et to R 2 there is another way of replying to it, with 
the result that the second player generally comes off with the best 
position. It was adopted by Morphy against M. Journoud. It is 
well put in the following game which is also an example of an 
observation by one of the " old mastiflfe " that " when the R P is 
advanced its position is committed, and the adversary frames his 
attack accordingly." 

(White) 1 P to E 4, (Black) 1 P to E 4; 2 Et to E B 3, Et to 
QB3; 3BtoB 4, B to B 4 ; 4 P to Q 3, EttoEB 3; 5 P to 
ER3, PtoQ3;6 Castles, Castles ; T P to Q R 4— a curious 
development — B to E 3 ; 8 B to R 2 — tempting B takes B in which 
case he may advance the Q B P and Q Et P, bringing his Rook 
into play on Eing's side, or he may double the Rooks on Q Rook 
file. (Black) 8 Q Et to E 2 ; 9 B to E 3, B to Et 3 ; 10 Et to 
R 2, announcing that P to E B 4 is on the way. 10 (Black) P to 
Q 4 !; 11 B takes B, R P takes B ; 12 P takes P, Q Et takes P; 

13 B takes Et, Et takes B; 14 Q to Q 2, Q to Q 3; 15 Et to 


Q B 3, Kt to B 5 — ^Black has now got the best game ; 16 P to 
QKt3, QtoQB3jl7PtoKB3, PtoKB 4— first again ! 
His blows grow painful and &ee. 18 R to E B 2, E to K B 3 ; 
19 K to R sq, R to Q sq ; 20 Kt to K 2, P to K Kt 4 ; 21 Q R to 
K B sq, R to Kt 3 j 22 Kt takes Et, Et P takes Et ; 23 R to E sq, 
P to E 6 j 24 B P takes P, P takes P ; 25 R takes B P— conceived 
in madness, produced with ruin — B takes R P ! ; 26 P takes B ? 
If R to E 2 the same reply follows. 26 P to E 6 ch and 

I am disposed to look upon a player as incorrigible who has 
once given his heart to P to R 3 as an early development move. I 
am content therefore to show how it may be met, and well met, bj 
superior development moves. I conclude with a game played in 
the Paris Tournament of 1876, between Mr. Loyd, the problem 
composer, and Baron EoHsch. It is an instance of the influence of 
the country move with its accessories, confederates, and associates, 
over one of the most original minds of the time. White (Loyd) 

I P to E 4, Black (Eolisch) 1 P to E 4; 2 Et to E B 3, Kt to 
QB3j3BtoB4, BtoB4;4PtoQ3, PtoQ3;5BtoE3, 
B to Et 3 j 6 P to Q R 3. M. de Riviere observes that although 
the loss of a move is not of so much importance in this opening as 
in many others, nevertheless this move must be noted as feeble, 
adding that ordinarily '' il ne faut pas se presser " to push on the 
Rooks' Pawns. 6 (Black) Et to B 3 ; 7 Castles, B to E Et 6 ; 
8PtoQB3, QtoQ2j 9PtoER3 (an unprejudiced mind 
would prefer Q Et to Q 2), B to R 4 ; 10 B to E Kt 6 (moves 6, 
9, 10, make a charming triad of indirect mischiefs), P to E R 3 ; 

II B takes Kt (which " stays the odds by making four "), P takes B ; 

12 Kt takes P — Mr. Loyd had previously tried this little perform- 
ance on Mr. de Yere with success. 12 (Black) Et takes Et; 

13 Q takes B — winning a Pawn at the cost of position — Castles 
(Q R) ; 14 Q to B 5 (playing for exchanges), Q takes Q ; 15 P takes 
Q, P to Q 4 1— a telling move ; 16 B to R 2, Et takes P ; 17 P to 
Q Et 4, E R to Et sq j 18 Et to Q 2 (E to R 2 is better), Et to 
B 5 ; 19 P to E Et 3, and owing to White's R P being advanced 
Black is enabled to mate in three moves. 

The principle suggested and implied in this paper is that a player 
who keeps his side Pawns unmoved has superior power of dealing 
with numerous contingencies. The question whether such con- 
tingencies are likely to happen is one for the player himself to 
consider. As to the danger of a lateral mate by the adverse Q or 
R, when the R P is unmoved, it is obvious that if the time spent in 
advancing E R P is devoted to bringing out the Q Et or Q B this 
danger is very considerably diminished. By the time the Rooks are 
wanted for the centre of the board the advance of the Rook's Pawn 
has ceased to be specially reprehensible. E. F. 





In the match St George's v. City, March 4th, 1386. 

(Three Knights' Game,) 

(Mr. Hurschfeld.) 

2 Kt to K B 3 

3 Kt to B 3 
6 Et to B 3 

8 Castles 

9 B to K Et 5 
10 P to E B 3 
1^ Et to Q i 

13 B tk9 B 

14 P to E B 4 

15 B to E sq 

16 Q to B 3 


(Mr. Lord.) 


Kt to E B 3 




Kttks P 




BtoB 4 


Q Kt to Q 2 




Q Kt to K 6 


(Mr. Hirschfeld.) 
IS Q B to Q sq 
19 P to B 4 
21 B tks Et 

24 R tks P 

25 P to Et 3 

27 B to B 2 ifi) 

29 B to B 4 

30 E to Et 2 
32 P to B 4 


(Mr. Lord) 
P tks P (e) 
Et to B 4 (/{) 
P to Q.B 4 

QtoK 3 
Drawn game. 


(a) Mr. Lord's defence is original, and we think commendable. 
The game seems perfectly even. 

(h) We doubt whether there are any prospective advantages, 
sufficient to justify the exposure of White's Eing. 

(c) Well calculated, as the sequel shows. Black is sure of 
recoveringthe piece. 

(d) Was this necessary 1 The Et now remains imprisoned, 
while if ^t to R 2 he comes again into play via B sq. 

(e) R to Q 5 might have been tried. If Q checks, the B. 
covers at B 2 ; and in answer to any other move White could 
continue with R to E 5. 

(f) Exchanging Queens would have broken the adverse Pawns, 
but White might then have utilised his Eing in the end-game*^ 

(g) See p. 156 of the April number. Mr. Hirschfeld disap- 
pointed the expectations of his party, but he was out of health and 
out of practice, and was met by a determined resistance most 
creditable to his opponent. 



In the match Universities v. Brighton, April 3rd, 1886. 

(Two Knights' 


(Mr. H. G. Gwinner.) (Mr. H. Erskine.) 

1 PtoK4 

2 Et to K B 3 

4 Kt to Kt 5 


& B to Kt 5 ch 


8 B to K 2 

9 Kt to B 3 

10 Kt to K 5 

11 P to Q 4 (h) 

Kt to Q B 3 
Kt to B 3 
Kt to Q R 4 
FtoK R3 
Q to B 2 (a) 
B to Q 3 
BtoK3 (e) 

12 P to K B 4 

13 P to Q R 3 (d) B tks Kt 1 

14 B P tks B Kt to R 2 
15PtoQB4(e) Et tks P 
IGQtoBa KttoKtS 

1 7 Castles Cities Q R (/) 

18 Q tks P Kt to Kt 4 




H.G. Gwinner.) 
B to R 6 ch 
QtoKt 3 
R to B sq 
Kt. to. B a 
Kt tks Kt 
B to Q B 4 
P to Q Kt 4 
P to Kt 5 ! (^) 
R tks Q 
R tks B 
R tks P ch 
R to Kt 4 ch 

(Mr. H. Erskine.) 
K to Kt sq 
K to R sq 
R to Q Kt sq 
QtoQ 2 
Kt to Q 4 
B tks Kt 
Kt to K 3 
Q toK 2 
K to Kt sq 
Resigns, (h) 

Notes bt W. Waytb. 

(a) The best move : yielding^ as we think^ a more enduring 
attack than 10 Q to Q 5. 

^bj We have more than once pointed out that it is not in- 
different with which Pawn White defends first: 11 P to K B 4 
should be played^ and on 11 B to Q 3, 12 P to Q 4. 

fcj For now Black could have taken in passing with advan- 
tage : 12 P takes P e. p., 13 Kt takes P 13 B to K Kt 5, and 
White must lose either the K R P or the power of castling. Sup- 
posing the Pawns had been played in the correct order. Black's 
best move would now be to castle, and then advance P to Q B 4, 
making the White Q P the point of attack. The text move is 
inferior, as the B should have gone later to Q Kt 2. 

(dj P to Q B 3 is better, strengthening the Q P ; but best of 
all to castle at once. 

(ej Fantastic ; depriving the Q P of its support. 

(/) The wrong sida The last six moves appear to us below 
the mark of either player ; but the game improves as it goes on. 

Cg) Very well calculated to the end. Black, of course, should 
not have taken \hQ Pawn at move 33 ; on the next move it is too 
late for him to prevent loss of some kind. 

(h) He must now lose a Rook for nothing. 




We extinct the following game and acoompanying notes firom a 
Bristol paper kindly sent us by Mr. Burt It is one of eight 

played blindfold. 

(Scotch Gambit.) 


(Mr. Blackbiime.) 

2 Kt to K B 3 
4 Et tks P 

7 Et to Q B 2 

8 Et to Q 2 

10 Castles (h) 



13 Et to E 3 

14 P to B 6 

15 P tks P 
17 Et tks Et 

(Messrs. Hunt, 
Dalton, and Jayne.) 
PtoE 4 
Et to Q B 3 
P to Q R 3 (a) 
E Et to E 2 
P to E Et 3 
Et tks B (c) 
Q to Et 4 


(Mr. Blackbume.) (MesscB. Hunt, 

Dalton, and Jayne.) 

18 R to Et 3 Q to R 3 ((2) 

19 Et to B 3 Castles Q R 

20 Et to Q 4 B to Q 2 (6) 

21 QtoEBsq(6)EttoB3 

22 Et tks Et B tks Et 
23QtksP(/) QRtoEBsq 
24QtoEt3 QtoQ7 

25 B to Et 4 ch E to Et sq 

26QtoQsq(^) QtoEB7ch 

27 E to R sq R to B 3 Qi) 

28 B to E 2 R to Et 3 

29 R tks R P tks R 
30QtoEBsq QtoR5 

31 QtoEEtsq PtoEEt4 

32 B to B 3 P to Et 5 

33 B tks B P tks B 
34PtoEEt3 Drawn. 

Position after White's 21st move. 
Black (Allies). 

Whitb (Mb. Blaokburne). 



(a) The approved move for Black here is K Kt to K 2 ; the 
first six of both sides being then considered best and safest. If, how- 
ever, Black 4 Kt takes Kt or Q to R 5, White replies Q takes Kt 
or Q to Q 3. The text move provides a strong retreat for K B if 
attacked by Q Kt P. 

(h) P to E R 3 might have come first with advantage : two 
Bishops then could sweep diagonals and be posted strongly. 
White's position for choice. 

(c) Was this judicious 1 R takes B looks better, unless the 
allies had already determined to castle (Q R) after previous move 
P to K Kt 3. 

(d) The Q Kt would have been useful hereabouts : played 
forward to K 4, it would have compensated for Black's inability 
to castle (Q R) if 12 R takes B as suggested. The open file is 
strong, and no doubt was part of their combination ; the White 
K P also has fallen. 

(e) Both double-shotted ; Black to play B takes Kt, to meet 
B takes R P : White after Kt to Q 4, to guard K B file and to 
look after an opening on Q's flank. See Diagram : position 
interesting and worth studying. 

(f) Winning back Pawn, and getting Q more directly on the 
attacking side : skilful enough over board, but sans voir, simply 

(g) Compulsory : to avoid mate in three moves. 

(h) Would not B to Kt 4 have been stronger] White's 
next almost confirms the view. The loss of the White B must 
have resulted; the loss of the game even now was feared by 

(i) The advance of the Kt's Pawn we think a little premsr 
ture : R to K B sq, or even now B to Kt 4 would have given 
Black a chance of playing on to the opposite B sq. The allies are 
to be congratulated on the skill and caution with which they 
managed the game ; and their blindfold opponent must have been 
impressed with the unwavering Care exhibited in prosecuting the 
attack opened upon him, and was glad to be let off with a ''draw." 


Recently played at Brighton. 

(Scotch Gambit.) 


(Mr. H. W. Butler.) (Mr. Mead.) 

1 P to K 4 P to K 4 3 P to Q 4 P tks P 

2 Kt to K B 3 Kt to Q B 3 


(Mr. H. W. Butler.) (Mr. Mead.) 

4 Kt tks P Kt to B 3 



5 Kt to Q B 3 
$ Kt tks Kt 

8 Castles 

9 P tks P 

10 B to K Kt 5 
12 Q B to Q sqi 

B to Q Kt 5 

Kt P tks Kt 




B to Kt 2 (a) 



13KRtoKsq B to B sq 
UQtoKt3 BtoKsq 

15 Q to B 4 

16 B tks P 

17 Q tks P 

18 R to K 5 

19 R tks B 

BtoK 3 
Kt to Kt 5 

20 Q to R 5 and wins. 


fa) White steals a march upon Black by his bold reply toi 
t|iis rnoye, which in fact loses the game. The Bishop is in good 
play at l^iome. The Q B P h^s to be advanced a little latet ; and', 
was played to B 6, at this points by Zukertort against Steinits. 

(h) One of those, cases where the advance of this Fawn is 
more objectionable than usual. K to B sq is not a nice move to 
iiutke, bat P to Kt 3 loses a piece. He might pl^y P to K ft 4 
but the loss of a Pawn, with a bad gapiQi follows ; a^d^ tilxere aro. 
(^her risks, 

Played in the Sossex Challenge Cup Toomey, 1886. 

(Ri^y Lope?,) 


(Mr. G.R. Downer^ 

1 P to K 4. 

2 Kt to K B<3 

3 B to Kt 5 
5. P to Q 4 

6 B to Kt 3 

7 Castles 

8 Kt tks K P (c) 

9 P tks Kt 

10 Q to Kt 4 (i) 

11 BtoR6 

12 B tk^ Kt P (e) 


(Mr. W. Mead, 

Kt to Q B 3 
P to Q R a 
Kt to K B 3 
Kt tks K P 
B to K 2 (5) 
Kt tks.Kt 
B to Kt 2 
Kt to Kt 4 


(Mr» G. R. Downer, 


16 Q to Kt 3 

17 P tks Kt 

18 K to R sq 

19 R tks P ch 
20.Q tks.Q 

21 P to K R 4, 

22 Kt to Q B 3 

23 B covers 

24 Kt tks B 


(Mr; W. M^ad, 

R to R sq 
R to R 4 (/) 
B to B.4 ch 
K to R sq 
R tks Kt P 
B tks B ch 
R tks 6^ and 



NoTBS BY E. Fbxbsbobjovqk. 

fa J P tflkkes P isl)he usual and better move, so as to leave 
White's K B within attacking distance of Black's K Kt, if driven 
via E 5 to Q B 4 : also to prevent P to Q 5, sometimes an 
awkward move for Black. 

(bj Here P to Q 4 comes in to stop White's Q P. 

(e) He has half a dozen attacking moves to choose from at 
Una point, and ought to select the one which leaves him the best 
chance of foUowing with the others; instead of which he 

(d) He is reduced to skirmishing tactics, to get out his 

(ej A miscalculation, of which Black takes due advantage. 
White simplj throws the game away. 

(fj Black could also play B checks followed, if E to R sq, by 
R>to R 6 ; for if then Q takes Et ch, Q takes Q, P takes Q^ 
Q R to R sq, dec. 

Played April and June, 1885, in a match by correspondence. 

(Giuoco Piano.) 


(Mr. H. V. White, 

1 P to E 4 

3 B to B 4 

4 P to B 3 

6 P to Q 4 (a) 

7 B to Q 2 

8 Q Et tks B 

a Et tks Et {b) 
idBtksP (c) 

11 Castles 

12 Et to B 3 

13 R to & sq ch 

15 E to R sq 

16 R to E Et sq 

(Mr. J. H. Blake^ 
Et to Q B 3 
Et to B 3 
B to Et 5 ch 
B tks B ch 
Et tks E P 
Kioq 2 


(Mr. H. y. White, (Mr. J. H. Blake, 


17 P to Q 5 (e) 

18 Q to R 4 ch 

19 Q tks R P 

20 Q to R 8 ch 

21 Q to R4ch 

22 R to Et 2 

Et to E 4 
E to B sq 
E to Q 2. 
E to (^ sq 
R to E 4 (/) 

23QtoEEt4 QtoE R4 
24 QtoE!B4 (g) E R to E sq, 
25EttoEt5 PtoEEt4 
26QtoEEt3 PtoEB4 
27 E R to Et sq P to B 5 
28QtoEt2 PtoEtS 
29 E!t to B 3 R to E 7 
SOEttksR BtksEt 



Notes bt E. Frsebobouoh. 

(a) It is better to postpone the adYanoe of F to Q 4 on 
account of Black's 8th move. 

(h) White may vary with P to Q 5, and give up a Pawn for 
an attacking game. 9 P to Q 5, Kt takes Et j 10 Q takes Kt, 
KttoK2j 11 PtoQ6, PtakesPj 12 Q takes P, (if) Kt to B 4 ; 
13 Q to Q 5, &a 

(c) He has 10 B to Q 3, or Et 5, as alternative moves. He 
may also continue by 10 E Et to Et 5, (if) P takes B ; 11 Q to 
R 6, P to E Et 3; 12 Q to R 6, Q takes P j 13 Q R to Q sq. 
The line of play actually adopted is decidedly unsatisfactory for 
the first player. 

(d) Pointed out as best by the Rev. W. Wayte, in his review 
of the "Handbuch," C. P. Chronicle, 1880. 

(e) An instance of what to avoid. He will obviously require 
all his pieces at home to guard against Black's attack, and ought 
to prepare a place for the Q's Rook. 

(f) 22 Q to Q 7 seems to oblige White to give perpetual 
check, which Mr. Blake did not desire. White has no time to go 
for the Eing's Rook. 

(gj Overlooking 24 P to E R 3 ; apparently his best move. 


One of 20 games played simultaneously by Mr. Blackbume at 

Clifton, March 17th, 1886. 


(Mr. Blackbume.) 

1 P to E 4 

2 Et to E B 3 

3 P to Q 4 

4 Et tks P 

5 EttoQB3(6) 

6 Et tks Et 

7 Q to Q 4 

8 P to B 3 (c) 

9 B to E Et 5 

11 QtoEB2(d) 

12 Castles Q R 

13 Et to E 2 

14 P to Q R 3 



(Mr. Harsant.) 
Et to Q B 3 
B to Et 5 
Et P tks Et 
QtoE 2 
E to B sq 
PtoQ 5 
B to Et 2 (e) 
QtoE 3 



(Mr. Blackbume.) 

16 B to Q B 4 

17 PtoQ Et 3 

18 B tks B 

19 B tks Et 

20 Et to B 4 (g) 

21 E to R 2 

22 P to Q R 4 

23 E to R 3 

24 Et to Q 3 

25 Et to Et 2 

26 E to R 2 

27 E tks B 


(Mr. Harsant.) 
Q to Et 3 
Q R to Et sq 
B to R 3 (/) 
Q tks B 
P tksB 
R to Kt 4 (A) 
R toR4 
Q to Et 4 (^) 
Q to Et 5 ch 
B tksEt 
P to B 6 ch 



Notes bt C. E. Bankbn. 

(a) This is rapidly becoming the fashionable defence to the 
Scotch Gambit, and we think with reason, for to bring the Queen 
out to B 3 or 5 so early in the game, leaving the Q B P a weak 
point, is contrary to the principles which regulate the defence in 
almost every other opening. 

(b) We prefer 5 B to K Kt 5, B to K 2, 6 Kt to Q B 3, since 
the text move seems to give Black too much freedom. 

(c) If this be necessary here, it argues something wrong in 
"White's previous play, but was there really any danger in B to Q 3 ? 
lict us see;— 8 B to Q 3, P to Q 4 (if B to B 4, 9 Q to B 4, Kt to 
Kt 5, 10 Kt to Q sq, P to Q 4, 11 Q to R 4, &c.), 9 B to K Kt 5, 
F to B 4, 10 B takes Kt, P takes Q, U B takes Q, K takes B, 
12 P to Q R 3, and the game is about even. 

(d) Mr. Blackbume attributed his defeat to this experimental 
move ; he should have taken the Kt, following the line indicated 
in the last note. 

(e) If P takes Kt, then 13 P to K 5, P takes P ch, 14 K to 
Kt sq, B to K B 4, 15 P takes Kt, and ought to win. 

(/) Mr. Harsant, who is one of the strongest players in the 
Bristol and Clifton Club, pursues his attack with steady soundness 
and ability. 

(g) White does not improve his chances by this move, he 
shoi^d bring his K to R 2 at once. 

{h) Threatening mate in two moves by Q takes P ch. 

(i) Again threatening to mate by R takes P ch. The whole 
of this game is finely played by Black. 


One of 8 simultaneous blindfold games played by Mr. Blackbume 

at Clifton, March 18th, 1886. 


(Mr. Blackbume.) 

1 P to K 4 

2 Kt to K B 3 

3 P to Q 4 

4 Kt tks P 

5 Kt to Q B 3 

6 Kt tks Kt 

7 B to Q 3 (a) 

(Scotch Gambit.) 


(Mr. Burt.) 
Kt to Q B 3 
P tksP 
Kt to K B 3 
B to Q Kt 5 
Kt P tks Kt 
P toQ 3 


(Mr. Blackbume.) 

8 Castles 

9 Kt to K 2 

10 Kt to Kt 3 

11 PtoKR3(6)BtoQ2 

12 Q to K 2 Q to K 2 (c) 

13 B to K 3 B to Kt 3 

14 B tks B R P tks B 


(Mr. Burt.) 
P to K R 3 
B to Q B 4 



16Qto KB3 

18 P to Q B 3 

19 B to B 2 

20 Q R to E sq 

21 P to E 5 

P to Q B 5 
Q to E B sq (e) 
Q R to Q sq 

22 P tka P Q to B 4 ch 

23 E to R sq R tks P 

24 Et to E 4 /) Q to E 2 

25 Et tks Et cb P tks Et 

26 Q to Et 3 ch E to R sq 
27QtoR4 EtoEt2 
28 Q to Et 3 oh Drawn game. 


(a) Doubtless better than Q to Q 4 as played in the last game, 
but we do not like White's fifth move, which ought, we think, to 
have been either Et takes Et, followed by Q to Q 4, ot else B to 
E Et 5, and then Et to Q B 3. 

(b) Preliminaiy to E to R sq, which he cannot well do with- 
out shutting off the Et from Et 5. 

(c) Mr. Blackbume hds changed his mind about E to R sq, 
and the voUe face should be met now by R to E sq. 

(d) P to B 4 looks better, to bring the B into action at B 3. 

(e) We do not understand this retreat 

(/) Prettily played, he has given up a Pawn for the attack, 
but the position does not admit of his making more of it than a 

A game in the Correspondence Match Sussex v, Ireland. 

(English Opening.) 


(Mr. H. Colbome, 
St Leonards.) 

1 P to Q B 4 

2 P to E 3 

3 P to Q R 3 (a) 

4 Et to Q B 3 

5 E Et to E 2 

6 PtksP 

7 Et to Et 3 (c) 

8 Et P tks Et 

9 B to E 2 

10 Castles 

11 P to E B 4 

12 P tks P 

13 R to Et sq 


(Mr. T. Long, 

Et to E B 3 
Et to Q B 3 
Et tks P 
Et tks Et 
BtoE 2 
P to E B 4 
Et to R 4 


(Mr. H. Colbome, 
St. Leonards.) 

14 B to B 3 (d) 

15 B to E 2 (e) 

16 Q tks B 

17 R to B 3 

18 P to Q 8 

19 B to Et 2 

20 Q to Q B 2 

22 E to R 2 

23 R to Q sq 

24 R to Q 2 (g) 

25 Q tks Q 

26 R to Q eq 


(Mr. T. Long, 

Q R to Q sq 
E R to E sq 
P to E Et 3 
RtoE 2 
P to E R 8 
QtoE 3 
Q to Q Et 6 
Et tks Q 
? to Q Et 4 


27 K to B sq P to Q R 4 

28PtoQ4 PtksP 

29 P tks P P to Q R 6 
30R(B3)toQ3 P to K R 4 

31 B to B 3 P to R 5 (A) 

32 Kt to B sq B (K 2) to Q 2 

33 K to Et sq I E to B 2 (i) 

34 Et to R 2 Et to B 4 

35 R to E 3 (i) B tks P 

36 B tks B R tks B 

37 R to E B sq E to B 3 

38RtoE5 R(Q6)toQ4 

39 Et to B 3 Et to <2 6 

40 R tks R R tks R 

41 R to Et sq Et tks P 
42EttksP PtoEEt4(A;) 

43 Et to B 3 P to E Et 5 

44 P tks P P tks P 

46 Et to K sq P to Et 6 ! 
46EtoBsq RtoQ7! 

47 E to Et sq R to E B 7 ! 
White resigns. 

Notes by W. Wattb. 

(a) A move which should have been reserved until it was 
proved necessaiy. Zukertort in the 17th and 19th games of his 
match with Rosenthal here played Et to Q B 3, and remarks that 
White has nothing to fear from 3 B to Et 6 on account of 4 Et to 

(b) This is contrary to rec^ved methods in the Sicilian, which 
Black is now practically conducting as first player ; but it seems 
effective. White cannot now play 4 Et to E B 3 without being 
driven out of the field by 4 P to E 5. 

(c) Over the board we should here have risked P to Q 4 at all 
hazards, rather than submit to a cramped game. The E B might 
then have been developed at Et 2, after P to Et 3. 

(d) Worse than useless, as he cannot afterwards take the 

(e) Of course if 15 B takes P 15 R to Et sq wins the 

(/) This and the following move contribute nothing to White's 
safety, while his opponent energetically pursues the attack. 

(^) 24 P to Q 4 would equally have been met by 24 Q to Et 6, 
but seems preferable to the text move. 

(h) Correctly driving the Et before doubling the Rook% so 
that he cannot be played to E 2 to defend the Pawn. 

(i) The gain of the Q P in good time has long been assured, 
and Black rightly rejects the temptation to seize it at once ; if 
33 B takes P ch, 34 E to R sq and Black is much hampered. 

(j) Any other move would have turned out still worse for 

(k) After the exchange of Pawns, which White in consequence 
of previous weak play could not have helped, the advance of this 
Pawn speedily decides the game in Black's favour. The situation 
is interesting, though not difficult we should say in correspondence 

Black (Ub. T. Long.) 

WmTB (Ma, H. Colbobne.) 
Poaition after Black's 46th move of K to Q 7, 
If now 47 R takes P, Black mates in three. 


In the Sehachxeitung for June, under the heading, " A fault? 
Fme End-game," the editor quotes &om M. Tohigorin's maga- 
zine, Seha&matni Weslnik, the following position, which gained 
the highest honours in the late Croydon Oiuzrdian End-game 
Tourney. The author is Mr. A. F. Mackenzie of Jamaica, and 
the oonditionfl are, " White to play and win," the solution being 
as follows :— 1 E to B 2, Q takes B, 2 Q to Q Kt aq, Q takea Q, 
3 F to Kt 7, F to Kt 3, 4 F queens ch, K to Kt 2, 5 Q to 
E:t 7 oh, K to B 3, 6 Kt to E 6, and wins. M. Tohigorin main- 
tains that this pretty line of play is unsound, because Black at 
move 2 should take the Kt iusteajl of the Queen, and he gives 
three variatdone to prove that in that case Black would have 
chances of winning, and that at all events White could not win, 
e.g. 2 ... P takes Kt, 3 Q to B 5 (a) (6), Q to B sq, 4 P to Kt 7. 





H. Tchigorin now makes Black play Q to K Kt sq, whereas the 
conrect moye is Q to Q Kt sq ch, followed b j Kt to Q 3 and wins, 
(a) 3 P to Kt 7^ Q to B 2, 4 Q to B 5, and here too the Bussian 
master strangely overlooks the obyions Q to Kt sq ch, &c,f giving 
instead P to B 3, 6 Q to B 8 eh, K to B 2, 6 P queens, Q takes 
Q, 7 Q takes Q, &c. (b) 3 Q takes Q, Kt takes P, 4 Q to B 6, 
Kt to B 6, 5 Q takes Kt, P to B 3, and it would not be easy to 
show how White could now win. Again, however, in this varia- 
tion M. Tchigorin omits to give the best move, for White should 
play 4 Q to K 2 instead of Q to B 6, which gains time by pre- 
venting the Kt from going to B 6, and by attacking the other Kt 
presently, P to B 3 (there is nothing better, for Kt to Q 3 or B 2 
would be answered by Q to K 7), 5 Q takes Kt, Kt to B 6, 
6 a to K 8 ch, K to B 2, 7 Q to K 6, winning the.Q P, and the 
game. It is therefore dear that if,* instead of 3 Q takes Q, White 
played Q to B 5, or P to Kt 7, he would lose, but that taking the 
Q is the correct move to win in answer to 3 ... P takes Kt. 
It could hardly be supposed that these variations escaped the 
notice of the judge in making his award, and they did not, nor 
was it very likely that they would escape the eagle eyes of the 
other competitors in the tourney, who, of course, would be on the 
look out for any flaw invalidating the judge's decision. The fact 
that no such flaw was pointed out, after the usual probation 
period had elapsed, seems to confirm the accuracy of the award, 
and to justify the title of " Mare's Nest " with which we have 
headed this article. We may, however, mention that there are 
other variations, not noticed either by M. Tchigorin or the Schach- 
zeitungf which appear at first sight to yield more probable chances 



of wiimmg for White, and which, therefore, if Bubstantiated, 
would have disqualified the End-game as a priae-winner by a 
dual or eyen triple solution. These also were examined carefully 
by the judge, and it may be as well here to refer to them. The 
first is, 1 Q to £ 2, P takes Kt, 2QtoB5, QtoBsq,3Bto 
£ £ 2, Q to K Kt sq (best), 4 P to Kt 7, Kt from £ 5 to Q 3, 
5 Q to K B 8 (best), Kt takes P, 6 Q to K 7, whereupon Black 
may either give up his Q by Kt to Q 3, 7 B to B 8, P to B 3, 
&o., or play P to B 5, 7 Q takes B (if Q takes Kt, then B to 
Q 3 oh, and Kt to B 6), Kt (Kt 2) to Q 3, and ought eventually 
to win. 

Another important Tariation oommences with 1 P to Kt 7, 
O to B 2, 2 Q to Q Kt sq, P takes Kt, 3 Q to B 5, or B to K 2, 
which it will be found can only be frustrated by Q to Kt sq ch, 
.&c., and another is initiated by 1 RtoK2, QtoBsq (best), 
2 Q to B 4, Kt takes P (if P takes Kt, then 3 P to Kt 7), 3 Qto 
K 3, &o. There are stOl further plausible lines of action for 
White which we have not space to notice ; in fact, the great 
merit of the position consists mainly in the number of likely 
tries which it admits of, and which are only defeated by mere 
hairsbreadth escapes. The Croydon Guardian Ohess column is 
defunct, and we presume that the talented author of this End- 
game has long since receiyed his prize. We should have been 
very sorry therefore if M. Tchigonn had succeeded in demon- 
strating that he had no right to it. 0. E. B. 


(Reprinted from the "Programme" of the Steinitz-Zukertort 
Match, New York, January, 1886.) 

Dear Mb. Fbebe, 

When you asked me " to write something for the Programme," 
and would not tell me what you wished nie to write about, you left 
me in a sea of doubt as to what should be my subject. At dinner 
a man can fall back comfortably upon the toast to which he is asked 
to respond. A clergyman can always haye something to say about 
his text. Chess itseK is a theme so yast and illimitable that it 
cannot be written about abstractly and impersonally in a newspaper 
article to do it any justice. The personnel of men who have attained 
distinction in any walk of life is always interesting. Hence, eyen 
at the risk of being charged with egotism, I will indulge in a few 
reminiscences of Mobpht, which will not be found in any of his 


biogiapbies. When I first joined the New York Chess Clab in 
1853, its meetings were held in the house of Mr. Ferrin, in 12th 
Street Its leadmg players were Perrin, Marache, Thompson, Mead, 
Koberts, Stanley, Fiske, with visitations by Hammond of Boston, 
and Montgomery of Philadelphia. These were all considered good 
players, and they were all Chess enthusiasts. limbnrger's saloon, 
comer of Fulton and Nassau Streets, was also their daily resort for 
Chess, lunch, and lager. I was one of the editors of Frank Leslie's 
paper, and no branch of my editorial work gave me so much trouble 
and so much pleasure as its Chess column which you succeeded 
me in editing. Any one desirous of learning the biography and 
characteristics of the leading American Chess-players of that day can 
find them by consulting the files of that paper for the first two years 
of its publication. By editorial and personal correspondence by 
Daniel Willard Fiske and others, the first American Chess Congress 
was held in New York, in October, 1857. Its history, admirably 
written by Mr. Fiske, will be found in every good Chess library. 

Morphy was then 21 years of age. His personal appearance did 
not indicate genius. He was small of stature, of light build, with 
a dark, black eye, pleasing manner, great urbanity, and a perfect 
Frenchman in politeness. He was well educated, having graduated 
from, college and the study of the law, but his intellect was not of a 
very high order. Poeta nasciturnon fit. So it was with Morphy. He 
was horn a Chess-player. He was not made one by study and practice. 
Deschapelles was the only Chess-player in history who was like 
Morphy in this respect. He was incomparably the greatest genius 
for games of skill that ever lived. Both he and Morphy played by 
intuition — rather than by analysis. Chess, like every other science, 
is progressive. Had either of these players crossed lances with 
Zukertort or Steinitz, the world would doubtless have seen better 
Chess play than has been recorded. When genius combats genius, 
when intellect is rubbed against intellect, the result is like burnished 
gold, the harder it is rubbed the brighter it shines. Steinitz con- 
firmed me in my opinion that Morphy played some of his best moves 
by intuition, as it was impossible that human brain could have 
thoroughly analyzed the result. Take, by way of illustration, the 
30th move in his 4th game of the match with Harrwitz, where the 
simple advance of a Pawn was followed up with such ingenuity and 
accuracy : or the game in his match with Paulsen — I have not the 
book before me-— where he gave up his Queen for a Bishop. Just 
before this game Morphy went down to the restaurant with me and 
took a glass of sherry and a biscuit. His patience was worn out by 
the great length of time Paulsen took for each move. His usually 
equable temper was so disturbed, that he clenched his fist and said 
" Paulsen shall never win a game of me while he lives " — and he 
never did. 


When he made the move referred to, we all thought that he 
had made a mistake ; especially as he had taken so little time for 
the move. Panlsen, with his usual caution, deliherated long — over 
an hour — ^hefore he took the Queen. He doubtless thought of 
Yirgirs line ** IHmeo Danaos, et dona fertntes,^^ Meanwhile the 
rest of us had set up the position, and our joint analysis fedled to 
discover Morphy's subsequent moves. 

Morphy's triumphal career in Europe is a matter of history. 
His public reception in New York was graced and honoured by such 
an audience as I have never seen before or since. The intellect, 
culture, wealth, fiishion, and beauty of the city were there. Charles 
O'Conor presided, John Van Buren made the address upon the presen- 
tation to him by his admirers of the gold and silver Chees-botud and 
men, and the address upon the presentation to him by the N. T. Chess 
Club of perhaps the finest Widtham watch ever made by the Am. 
Watch Co., was made by mysel£ Morphy lost all his property and 
was obliged to sell or pledge these trophies. What became of the 
Chess-board and men I do not know ; but I saw the watch last 
summer in the Gaf(& de la R^ence, in Paris, where it was shown to 
me by Monsieur Amous de Riviere, who had loaned Morphy a 
large sum upon it. The pledge never was redeemed, although thili 
gentleman wrote to Morphy's family offering to return it. I 
understand he is willing to let any club or Chess enthusiast have 
the watch upon repayment of the loan. M. de Riviere is perhaps 
Uie best player in France, and. is engaged in writing a treatise on 
the game of Chess, which promises to be very valuable for its 
analyses. He is a distinguished litterateur^ and well known by 
reputation to all Chess-players, and personally to all habitues of 
this historical caf6. 

Morphy flashed upon the Chess world like a meteor, and 
disappeared almost as suddenly as he came. His sad fate and un- 
timely end were due to other causes than Chess, as all his friends 
know. After his return from Europe he was the lion of the day, 
and people vied with each other to do him honour, and to get him 
to play at fashionable parties. I played more games with him than 
any other man. The reason he preferred to play with me at these 
parties was, because I knew I should be beaten as a matter of course, 
and I was not afraid to play an open game, so that he might exhibit 
his great brilliancy. Mr. Ferrin, Mr. Fiske, and myself, in consult- 
ation, won one game of him on even terms. We shall live longer 
in that one game than in any other way. How well I remember 
that Sunday, in Eugene B. Cook's room ! Perrin's face so beamed 
with satisffiMCition and delight, especially as Morphy said that he 
suggested the winning course of play, and had to fight hard to bring 
the other two to his way of thinking. 

RoBEBT BoNNEB, at that time, was in the first flush of success 


with his N. T, Ledger, He paid the highest prices for the hest 
work — ten thousand dollars to Edward Everett for one column a 
week for a year — some ffthulons sum to Charles Dickens for an 
original story, etc, etc. With his keenness, wide awake to everything 
that was on the topmost wave of popular f&vour and universally 
known, and with his intention to have the best that money could 
secure for his paper in every department, he thought he saw an 
advantage, at least in the way of advertising, in having a Chess 
column for the Ledger, edited by Morphy, 

Accordingly he engaged Morphy to edit his Chess column for a 
year. The negotiation was made through me. Mr. Bonner paid 
him in advance, with his usual unparalleled liberahty, and for one 
year the Ledger had a Chess column. Morphy was incorrigibly 
lazy, and Mr. Bonner would not continue his services at any price 
for another year. Moreover his readers were not particulariy 
interested in Chess. They cared more for Sylvanns Cobb's stories, 
like ^'The Gun-Maker of Moscow," than they would for Shakespeare's 
Hamlet. There were some things connected with this Chess column 
that were curious, and would greatly interest Chess-players, but it 
would be contrary to the lex plumce to reveal them without Mr. 
Bonner's consent It is more than a quarter of a century since I 
used to see Mr. Bonner on the top floor of the building comer <^ 
Ann and Nassau Streets, where I wrote for the Mirror^ and ho 
published the Merchants* Ledger. The absorbing labours of a busy 
profession have kept us apart. People run in grooves in large cities, 
and our paths have been as divergent as the poles. Friends are 
like garden plants and should be cultivated, but I hope Mr. Bonner 
feels as kindly to me as I do to him. His liberality to me was 
astounding. I shall never forget it. At that time a check for a 
thousand dollars looked to me as big as a cathedral. But my paper 
is used up, and I fear that the patience of your readers will be 
exhausted if I continue. To see the match between Steinitz and 
Zukertort will, in the language of the Scriptures, make me " renew 
my youth like the eagles." What exactly was meant by this 
expression, I do not know. Perhaps some clerical friend will 
kindly inform me. Vale I W. J. A. Fullbb. 


At the time of Morphy's death regrets were expressed, in more 
than one quarter but we believe only on this side of the Atlantic, 
that so powerful an intellect had been wasted on such a pursuit. 
Something like this had been said also in his life-time. When he 
was leading a retired and, as was known, a somewhat useless and 


depressed life, people said that his career had been rained by his 
early triumphs over the Chess-board. He was a lawyer : there- 
fore, it was argued, a great judge or a great advocate had been 
spoilt. We never shared this opinion, having always held a dififer- 
ent view of the relation between genius, especially genius for an 
art, and the union of intellect and character which commands 
success in the affairs of life. We never believed that Morphy, 
because he had chosen the law, a profession in which, more than 
in most, ** the many fail, the one succeeds,'' and because he pos- 
sessed a unique genius for Chess, must needs have had in him the 
making of a Story or a Benjamin. No more do we see proof that, 
if he had gone into business, he could have made a fortune equal 
to that of Baron Kolisch ; that, if he had been a journalist, he 
could have written leaders with the masterly ease and skill of 
John Wisker ; that, if he had adopted a literary career, he could 
have achieved the brilliant though transitory success of Henry 
Thomas Buckle. Americans are excellent judges of practical 
ability. They have insisted, with a loyal devotion to Morph^s 
fame, on the phenomenal character of his genius. They have re- 
sented all attempts to magnify his rare blunders, or to depreciate 
him in comparison with a more recent school which trusts less to 
intuition and more to ''principles"; they have repeated what 
Boden said of him, as Qeorge Walker had already said of Laboor- 
donnais, that he had never played his best; that ''the possibilities 
of his genius had never been half revealed," because no opponent 
had ever been strong enough to draw them out to their fullest 
extent. But his own countrymen have never maintained that he 
was one of those men whose energy, even more than their abilities, 
mark them out as bound to succeed. Such men, we see, sooner 
or later take the just measure of their own powers ; they may 
make experiments before they find out what they are fit for ; at 
last they discover their true vocation. The evidence for Morphy's 
force of character is even more wanting than for his intellectual 
preeminence. Mr. Moncure Conway, a thinker respected both in 
England and in America, declared that " he could not make a 
career other than that which was written in his marvellous brain." 
(B. C. M. IV. 304.) The press of his native city, writing at the 
moment of his loss and asserting his immeasurable superiority to 
all other Chess-players in power, elegance, and spontaneity, adds 
the qualification "whatever else he may have failed in " (ib. p. 306). 
And now Mr. Fuller, whose admirable letter has been rescued by 
the Editor from the fleeting pages of the Programme of the 
Steinitz-Zukertort match, and who knew Morphy intimately, tells 
us that " his intellect was not of a veiy high order." He must 
no doubt have had abilities well above the average. He had a 
great memory and much facility of acquirement, qualities which 


bring a man to the front in University rewards and other com- 
petitive examinations much more than in after life. Knowing 
little of American Universities, we make no doubt that Morphy, if 
he had the instincts of a " reading man/' could have taken an 
excellent degree at Oxford or Cambridge. But the value of such 
distinctions is easily exaggerated, especially by those who judge 
without observation of subsequent careers. 

Mr. Fuller has rightly insisted that Morphy's gift for Chess 
-was a thing apart, not the outcome of large general powers. Still 
less was it the indication of character. Of this truth there are 
abundant illustrations in the history of the Fine Arts, among 
which Chess, in our opinion, holds a minor place. Painters, 
sculptors, musicians, imaginative prose writers, even poets (though 
of these hardly the highest) have been commonplace or insignifi- 
cant men plus genius ; others again have been of commanding 
personality apart from their works. As great artists who were 
also great men, we may instance Leonardo da Vinci, Michael 
Angelo, Milton, Qoethe, Scott, Byron : there is no need to make 
the list exhaustive or to mention names on the other side. That 
artistic genius too often fails to command the most ordinary 
worldly success ; that the artist is frequently a dreamer ; that the 
inspired singer mostly fails to keep in his pocket the few dollars 
which find their way there; all this is notorious. And Chess, 
surely a lesser art than any of those named, is like the rest in this 
respect, "only more so.'' It has its men of back-bone, like 
Staunton who was called a '^ grand old man " before that phrase 
had assumed a political meaning : it has likewise its invertebrates, 
among whom, we grieve to say, Morphy must be reckoned. 

The mention of the late J. P. Benjamin, as a type of the men 
who succeed, suggests a closer paralleL Both men were ruined, at 
least for the time, by the American Civil War. It is stated that 
Morphy lost all his property ; but we have always understood that 
his family retained or recovered enough to support him without 
hard work ; we have even read that he was a bit of a dandy in 
later years, a taste which cannot be gratified upon nothing. Ben- 
jamin was far more deeply compromised in the rebellion of the 
South ; he not only lost his property, but had almost to fly for 
his life ; and at the age of fifty-five he had to begin again at the 
beginning. In a few years he was the leader of an important 
branch of the English bar ; he was offered a judgeship ; and a 
splendid compliment was paid him on his retirement. He was 
happy as well as successful, and had always shown great powers 
of enjoyment. Morphy was but twenty-eight when the crash 
came ; he was in no personal danger ; his Chess triumphs had 
made him popular as well as famous, the reward of his amiability ; 
the entrance into any career he showed a taste for would have 



been smoothed bj his many admirers. UDfortunately he had not 
the spirit or elasticitj to reoover from a single knock-down blow ; 
he sank into apathy and listlessness, the '^ sad fate " referred to 
by his friend. Mr. Fuller farther tells us that he was '^noorrigibly 
lazy " in what might have been thought the congenial employment 
of editing a Chess column. Want of physical stamina had doubt- 
less much to do with this constitutional indolence. A resolute 
will has often asserted itself in spite of a feeble body; when 
neither is strong, it is idle to maintain that the elements of great- 
ness exist In denying any connection between Chess genius and 
practical ability we do not disparage Chess ; we merely argue that 
Chess genius is in this respect not more fortunate than genius in 
general Still less are we disparaging Morphy ; for we have said 
nothing of him which had not been said (or broadly hinted) by his 
own countrymen. Lives which might have been useful have been 
thrown away upon Chess, the more's the pity: but that really 
supreme abilities have thus gone to waste we are not prepared to 
believe. Intellect and character combined do not ML ; and the 
failure is itself > proof that one of the two was wanting. W. W. 


Chess in Ibblanb. No. I. 

The correspondence match between the Associations of Sussex 
and Ireland draws to a close. The score now is — 


1 L. Leuliette 

Ji w . X • X lerce ... ... ... 

3 H. F. Cheshire (unfinished) 

4 Col. Minchin 

5 R. Jones 

6 A. Smith ... 

7 H. Erskine... 

8 W. McArthur 

9 H. Colbome 

10 J. G. Colbome ... 

11 Rev. E. A. Adams 

12 Mrs. A. Smith ... 

13 6. A. Raper 

14 0. T. L. Cole ... 







1 W. H. K. Pollock ... 

P. Rynd ... 

G. D. SoflFe (unfinished) 
W. H. S. Monck do. 
G. F. Barry do. 

i M. S. Woollett 

J. Morphy... 

1 A. S. Peake 

T. Long ... 
i W. Palmer 
i C. Drury ... 

1 Mrs. Rowland 
W. M'Crum 
Moffatt Wilson 

• • f 










Of the three unfinished games there is only one likely to be 
scored for Ireland. Mr. Cheshire, after Mr. So£fe's 32nd move, 
wrote to claim the game for supposed transgression of the time- 
limit (72 hours) on that move, but his letter and a subsequent 
post card having been sent by mistake to Mr. Rowland, who, it 
will be recollected, was Hon. Sec. to the I. 0. A. at the time the 
match was arranged, instead of to Mr. Peake, who has been the 
Hon. Sec. since the 17th of March last, the game so far as then 
played was published in -Mr. Rowland's Dublin column as a game 
decided in Mr. Cheshire's favour. The claim is not yet, however, 
settled, but the state of the case, as appears by a letter from Mr. 
Peake addressed to Mr. Rowland's paper but not therein published, 
is simply this : — Mr. Cheshire's 32nd move reached Mr. Soffe on 
Wednesday, who posted his reply — ^within 72 hours— on the next 
Saturday. Mr. Cheshire when making the claim thought the limit 
was 48 instead of 72 hours. Sussex offered to submit to the decision 
of the Irish President, Mr. Long ; but he naturally preferred that 
some wholly independent person should be appealed to, and as yet 
that person has not been selected. Mr. Cheshire's game as well 
as Mr. Jones's may result in a draw, but rumour has it that the 
advantage is with Sussex in these games. If Mr. Monck wins, or 
if there are two more draws, the match will be won by Ireland. 
It has all through been a pleasing and exciting contest, and the 
Irish players in prospect of its near finish have arranged two other 
correspondence matches. The principal one is that between the 
Associations of Ireland and Scotland, in which from 30 to 40 
players will be engaged on each side. The Irish team will include 
many strong players from Bel£, Lurgan, Cookstown, Armagh, 
Limerick, Wexford, Listowel, Cork, and Galway, as well as Metro- 
politans. The other match is one between Trinity College, Dublin, 
and Peterhouse College, Cambridge. 

The great event of the year will be the Belfast meeting of the 
I. C. A., of which the following is the preliminary programme : 

1. Chess Tournament — Open to all members of the I. C. A., 
and conducted on the same rules (with modifications) as those of 
the London International Tournament of 1883. Entrance Fee, £1. 
First Prize, three-sixths ; Second, two-sixths ; Third, one-sixth, of 
Entrance Fees, with additions from the prize fund. It is expected 
that the chief prize will be at least £20. The President will add 
£5 to this tournament (No. 1.) if five others, on or before 20th 
July, subscribe likewise, in which case considerable increase to 
prizes will be made. This tourney will also decide the Champion- 
ship of Ireland, according to the highest score amongst Irish 

2. Handicap Tournament — Open to all members of the I. C*. A. 
Entrance Fee, 10s. First Prize, three-sixths ; Second, two-sixths) 



Third, one-fiixtfa, of Entrance Fees, with additions from the prize 
fund, and numerous other valuable prizes. The Handics^ping 
will be on the newest and most improved methods, including the 
adding of games. 3. Blindfold — Between eminent specialists and 
members of the I. C. A. 4. Problem Tourney. 5. Club Tourney. 
Membership of the L C. A. may be obtained on payment of 58., or 
by Clubs at Is. per member, with a minimum subscription of £1 
for each Club. 

Communications may be addressed to Mr. A. S. Peake, Hon. 
Sec, 12 Marino Crescent, Clontarf. Co. Dublin. 

Chess in Limerick is prospering. Mr. Peake on a recent visit 
to that city found the Provincials as numerous and strong as they 
were hospitable. Mr. Spaight, J.P., Mr. Barrington, Mr. Brophy, 
the President, and Mr. Copeman, the Hon. Secretary of the 
Limerick Club, were fully up to Metropolitan strength and 
promised to make the Limerick meeting of the Irish Chess Asso- 
ciation in 1888 a big success. 

Belfast has already two Chess columns in full swing : it is 
expected that Limerick will soon follow suit. The Limerick Club 
is now in federation with the Irish Chess Association. 

£L. A. R. 

Chess in Ireland No. II. 

Not since the days of Tuatha de Dannianx, who introduced 
Chess into the Emerald Isle, has there been more interest taken in 
the game than what there is at present. The Chess clubs of Dub- 
lin, Belfast, Lurgan, Dundalk, and Limerick, are, notwithstanding 
the summer season, in full life and activity, and Tournaments are 
the order of the day with each, a case which is without precedent 
in the annals of Irish Chess. At the Dublin Chess Club, 35, Moles- 
worth street — which is the premier Chess club of Ireland, being 
about fifteen years in existence, and having over fifty members, 
with Sir John Blunden, Bart, as President — a very successful 
Tournament has terminated. It was commenced on the 15th day 
of December last; prizes amounting to £15 were competed for, one 
of the principal being a silver shield, bearing the device of a Castle 
guarded by two knights. With the shield is the title of Champion 
for 1886. The fortunate winner of this prize is Mr. E. F. Gerahty, 
who is one of the oldest and strongest supporters of the club. 
Second prize was won by the hon. secretary, Mr. W. H. S. Monck, 
and the third by Mr. M. S. Woollet, who was followed by Mr, W. 
M. Wilson. The foregoing players were handicapped, an arrange- 
ment which was carried out by adding games to the scores of the 
weaker players. The Handicap prizes were won as follows : — 
Mr. J. Maxwell, with five games added, scored 25 ajid won first. 


Mr. E. J. Ryan, with 16 added, dcored 23 and took second, while 
the third was divided between Messrs. W. H. Baker, D. D. Jeremy, 
and S. Simpson. 312 games were played, and the result shows 
that Mr. E. F. Gerahty won 23 i, Mr. W. H. S. Monck 20i, Mr. 
J. Maxwell 20, Mr. M. S. Woollett 19^, Mr. W. H. Baker 19, Mr. 
D. D. Jeremy 17^, Messrs. C. Drury and P. Dunscombe 17 each, 
and Mr. W. M. Wilson 15. There were 18 competitors. Arrange- 
ments are about to be made to hold a Tournament on even a 
larger scale, to be played daring the coming season. A number 
of valuable prizes will be offered and everything done to make it a 

The Hilary Tourney of the Dublin University Chess Club 
tenninated in favour of Mr. J. Dickey, and he, having also won the 
Michaelmas Tourney, now gains the Club Cup for 1886. The club 
offers a silver cup each year to the winner of the most Tourneys. 
Three Tourneys are held, the Michaelmas, Hilary, and Easter. 
Last year the cup was won by the Rev. G. B. Fairweather. The 
well-known Dublin player Mr. Parker Dunscombe was lately elected 
honorary member of this club, an honour which is much appreci- 
ated by him and his many friends. 

In Belfast there are two strong Chess clubs, viz., the Belfast 
and the Salvio. At the former the match of the season is a 
Tournament in which the chief prize is a silver cup. This prize 
is keenly contested, the tovunament is conducted with much 
ability, and the club is well supported, there being a large number 
of members, many of whom rank as " first-rates." There is also 
a prize medal competition which causes much interest, as the 
holder must at all times be open to receive a challenge, and when 
beaten resign the medal. The Hon. Sec. is Mr. J, Livingston 

At the Salvio Chess club an annual Tournament is held. In 
the last one Mr. S. J. Magowan won first prize, but he did not do 
so without having a tough struggle with Mr. J. Gamble who 
gained second. The Hon. Sec, Mr. Wm. Steen, gained third. 

There is a Handicap Tourney in progress at the Limerick 
Chess club in which there are three prizes. There are fifteen 
competitors, and up to the present the Hon. Sec. and Captain, 
Mr. J. L. Capeman, heads the list and is followed by Mr. N. A. 
Brophy, President. 

A very successful Solution Tourney, which was commenced in 
the Dublin Mail and Warder in March last, has terminated with 
the following result : — 

1st and 2nd prizes — Divided between Mr. I. M. Brown, Leeds, 
and W. Casewell, Dublin. 

3rd, 4th, and 5th prizes — Won respectively by G. A. A. Walker, 
North Shields; Mrs. S. Johnson, and A. W. Quill, B.L., Dublin. 


6th, 7th, and 8th — ^Won respectively by A. S. Orr and R. 
Jackson, Dublin ; and M. J. Meyer, London. 

Forty-one solvers sent in solutions, six of whom are English 
and the rest Irish, ten ladies being among the latter. Another 
Solution Tourney is announced to commence on the 3Ist July ; 
eight prizes are offered ; one problem, which may be either a two- 
mover or a three-mover, will be given each week, and the Tourney 
is to conclude on the 27th of November next. 

At the close of the summer season arrangements will be made 
to establish a Chess club in Portarlington. When established this 
club will be successful, as there are a large number of strong 
players about that locality. It may not be sufficiently formed in 
time to take part in this year's annual meeting of the I. C. A. 
This, however, need not be regretted by our Northern friends, as, 
through their energy and ability, the meeting will be otherwise 
well attended. There is much discussion in Dublin Chess circles 
as to how the I. C. A. will fare next year. The Ulster players 
will cease to manage it after this year's annual meeting ; then, as 
to its fate, opinions are variable. Proposals have been made, un- 
connected with the I. C. A., to form a Leinster Counties Chess 
Association, and have been so far favourably received that over 
one hundred players promise support Such an association would 
be a success, and tend considerably towards promoting the game 
throughout the twelve counties of Leinster, as well as give an 
impetus to it in other parts of the country. The Dublin Chess 
Club, the Dublin University, the Duhdalk, and the Portarlington 
Chess Clubs will take part in it. The Limerick Chess Club, 
although in Munster, will not be excluded. F. F. B. 

Chess in Scotland. 

We have been requested to publish the following letter 
respecting the testimonial to Mr. Fraser. (See B. C. M, p. 202.) 
The project has our warmest approval. 

Glasgow, 3, Westboume Gardens, 

7th June, 1886. 
Dear Sir, 

I beg to bring under your notice the proposed testimonial 
to Mr. G. B. Fraser, of Dundee, on account of his great services 
to Chess. As a Chess analyst and the discoverer of many impor- 
tant and interesting variations in different openings he holds a 
position unique among living British Chess-players. I enclose a 
summary of Mr. G. B. Fraser's contributions to Chess theory and 
practice, kindly prepared by the well-known player and analyst, 
the Rev. W. Wayte. 


I submit that Mr. Fraser is eminently deserving of a 
testimonial, and I trust that the proposal will receive your cordial 
support as well as that of British Chess-players throughout the 
world. In addition to your individual support, 1 would respect- 
fully solicit your influence with Chess-playing friends to induce 
them to contribute to the Testimonial fund. 

Yours faithfully, 

Walter C« Spbns. 

In the Ponziani Opening, after the moves 1 P to K 4 1 P to 
K 4, 2 Kt to K B 3 2 Kt to Q B 3, 3 P to B 3 3 Kt to B 3, 

4 P to Q 4 4 Kt takes K P, 5 P to Q 5, the sacrifice of the Kt 
by 5 B to B 4. 

In the Evans Gambit, the Fraser attack in the normal variation, 
9 Kt to B 3 9 B to K Kt 5, 10 Q to R 4. This was subsequently 
modified by a suggestion of Mr. Mortimer's, and became the Fraser- 
Mortimer attack* 

In the Scotch Gambit, after the moves 1 P to K 4 1 P to K 4, 
2 Kt to K B 3 2 Kt to Q B 3, 3 P to Q 4 3 P takes P, 4 Kt takes 
P 4 Q to E 5, 5 Et to K B 3 instead of Horwitz's attack Kt to 

All the above have been fully analysed by Mr. Fraser with 
great ability and penetration. But he has also been fertile in new 
ideas which he has not worked out with the same elaboration. 
Among these hints may be mentioned : 

The Gambit lPtoK4 IP to K 4, 2PtoKB4 2P takes 
P, 3 P to Q 4, discovered also by Mr. Ensor but subsequently 
traced to Polerio in the 16th century. 

In the Bishop's Gambit, the move Q to K B 3 instead of K to 
Kt 2 in MacDonneirs variation, i.e. after P to K Kt 3 and P takes P. 

In the Scotch Gambit, after the moves 4 B to B 4 4 13 to B 4, 

5 Castles 5 P to Q 3, the Scotch Evans 6 P to Q Kt 4. 

. In the Greco Counter Gambit, 1 P to K 4 1 P to K 4, 2 Kt to 
K B 3 2 P to K B 4, 3 Kt takes P, the move 3 Kt to Q B 3. 
Discovered independently, perhaps, by H. MoUer in 1873, but by 
Mr. Fraser still earlier. 

Chess in Sussex. 

Chess doings in Sussex during the past month have been ex- 
tremely quiet, and with the exception of the match between the 
Hastings and Brighton Clubs, nothing of importance may be said 
to have taken place. This match was played at the rooms of the 
Brighton Chess Club, on Wednesday, June 2nd, and resulted in an 
easy victory for the home players. The visitors were hospitably 
received, and a very pleasant evening was spent. Score - 





Brighton Ghbss Club. 

1 H. W. Bailer 

2 H. Enkine 

3 W. V. Wilson 

4 G. A. Baper 

5 W. Andrews 

6 B. Pritchett 

7 D. Thomas 

8 J. Cawthome 







1 1 


1 1 


Habtinqs Chbss Club. 

F. W. Womersley — ...10 

H. F. Cheshire i 

R. Jones ••. ••• ..• 

G. S. S. Cole (Hon. Sea).. 1 

T. IL Cole i 

H. E. Dobell 

A. MuUer 

B. Parkinson 1 


The oorrespondenee match between members of the Sussex 
Association residing east or west of Central Brighton has just 
terminated with the following result — 

East Sussex* 

1 H. Colbome (Hastings) ... 1 1 
3 G. Cole do. ... 1 1 

3 T. H. Cole 



4 F. Pennington (Eastbourne) 

5 G. F. Lemmon(Hasting8)i. ^ 

6 H. E. Dobell do. .•. 

7 D. Caush (Brighton) ... 1 

8 A. Wisden (Hastings) ... 1 

9 A. Parkinson do. ••• 

West Sussex. 
Sergt.-Major McArthur 


P. J. Lucas (Brighton) ... a 
Sei^.-In8t. Scott (Chi- 
chester) ... 1 

Ber. A. M. Deane (Chi- 
Chester)..* ... ... 1 1 

L. Penfold (Steyning) ... 1 i 
£. Cripps, jun. da ... 1 I 
H. Willett (Brighton) ... 1 
J. R. Wicks (Hassocks). . 1 
J. Garden (Brighton) •••11 




.* lOi 

The latest results in the match now being played between 
Yorkshire and Sussex are T. Y. Stokoe of Leeds beat W. T. 
Herco of Brighton, and P. J. Lucas of Bright(»i beat H. Ia 
Hunter of Doncaster — ^thus making the score 3| alL 

Chess in London 

The Bird v. Burn match has terminated in a draw, each scoring 
nine games. The competitors ran each other neck and neck right out 
tho match and a draw was really its most fitting end. I find that I — 
along with many others — ^fell into some little error in stating there 
were stakes dependent upon the match. This was not strictly the 
fact for so far as Mr. Burn was concerned it was played purely for 
honour, no pecuniary issues flowing from it on his side. The 
winning of it put no money into his pocket ; the losing of it taking 


none out. Mf. Bam plays Chess as a gentleman amateur and 
never plays for money. Mr. Steel's generosity to which I alluded 
last month was to Chess generally, but as I stupidly worded the 
paragraph is might be interpreted that I meant some pecuniary 
generosity had been exercised towards Mr. Bum. It was not my 
intention to convey any such idea and I am sorry that my sentence 
bc^e that meaning to some. I beg to congratulate both gentlemen 
on their well-fought match, J. G. C. 

The match between Messrs. Bird and Gunsberg was concluded 
at the British Chess Club on Wednesday, June 23rd. Gunsberg 
won it with the fine score of five to one and three draws. Some 
very pretty games, bringing into reUef the skill of both players, 
have been contested. 

According to the Field the probable starters in the International 
Masters' Tournament, commencing on July 12th, at the Victoria 
Hall, Criterion, are: Bird, Blaekbume, Burn, Gunsberg, Mackej^^ie, 
Mason, Owen, Schallopp, Taubenhaus, Thorold, and Zukertort 
The latter, who arrived from New York on the 12th June,- promised 
to compete in case not more than one game a day is to be played. 
Mr. Rosenthal regrets that his health will not permit him to com- 
pete ; he could not possibly play more than four times a week. 
L. Paulsen may possibly take part, should his medical advisers, 
who suggested to him a journey to the south, give him leave to 
visit London instead. Riemann and Fritz have to prepare for 
their exameuy and Winawer, Tchigorin, Englisch, and Weiss have 
not replied yet. Minckwitz has not decided either one\way or the 
other. The Amateur Championship Tournament promises to be 
numerously attended, especially as there will be morning and 
evening play. The Ruskin and Tennyson competitions will again 
form an interesting feature,, and we expect a keen competition for 
the honours. Members of the RCA. will be admitted free of 
charge. The public will have to pay 5s. for the duration of the 
congress, or Is. per mance We are requested to remind the secre- 
taries of the clubs federated with the B.C.A. and individual mem* 
bers that their subscriptions should be forwarded to the hon. 
treasurer, Mr. W. H. Cubison, 16, Berners-street, Oxford-street, W. ; 
or to the hon. sec, Mr, L. Hoffer, 49, Leicester-square, W. 

The Lowenthal Cup. 

After our last report these matches took an unexpected 
turn, and Mr. Gattie in the end secured the trophy. The 
results of cross play were somewhat curious. In each contest 
of five games two were drawn : of the remaining games Mr. 
Wayte won two to one of Mr. Gattie, Mr. Minchin won 


two to one of Mr. Wayte, and Mr. Gattie won all three of Mr. 
Minchin, making the final scores Gattie 6, Wayte 5, Minchin 4. 
We congratulate Mr. Gattie on his success, the result of hard 
work and untiring patience ; in physical endurance he has a de- 
cided advantage over his older rivals. It must^ however, be 
admitted that three is the most inconvenient number possible for 
a contest of this kind, and the most fertile in surprises. With 
two combatants only, as last year, the conditions are those of an 
ordinary match, and at least there is elbow room ; with a larger 
number the chances of war are spread over a wider field, and 
average p^y tells ; with three the uncertainty is at its maximum, 
the number of games being strictly limited and the disturbing 
effects of cross play exaggerated. W. W. 


Amerioa. — ^We are glad to note that the suspended Chess 
column in Turf^ Field, and Farm has been resuscitated under the 
able editorship of Mr. Delmar of New York. Mr. Bird has 
challenged Mr. Steinitz to a match for the world's championship. 

The annual championship tourneys of the two leading clubs of 
the ^' Empire City " have commenced, and the names of most of 
the principal players are to be found in the lists. 

A Chess, Chequer, and Whist Club has been organised at 
Nashville, Tennessee, with 45 members. The challenge cup of the 
St Louis Chess, Chequer, and Whist Club has been won by Mr. 

After returning to New York, Mr. Steinitz was entertained 
very handsomely at two banquets by the Manhattan and New 
York Clubs, in celebration of his recent victory in the contest for 
the championship. 

We greatly regret to record the death of Mr. Belden, the able 
-editor for 17 years of the Chess column in the Hartford Times, 
In 1869» when he first started it, the field of Chess journalism in 
America was almost unoccupied, and the only veteran editor of 
longer standing than Mr. Belden is Mr. Miron Hazeltine of the New 
York Clipper. Now, owing in great measure to the exertions and 
example of these two pioneers, Chess columns have multiplied all 
over America, but we may truly say that for enterprise, brightness, 
raciness of style, and comprehensiveness of interesting detail, the 
Hartford Timee coluiuu was unsurpassed. Mr. Belden seems never 
to have got over a domestic affliction which occurred to him two 
years ago, for from that time his health gradually declined, and 
he died on May lith at the premature age of 53. 


Mr. John C. Romeyn, of Kingston, N. Y., who was at one time 
quite a prominent problemist and player in the ranks of American 
Chess, died in that city on the 22nd May. Mr. Bomeyn was a 
native of Kingston, having been bom Aug. 30th, 1844, and was, 
therefore, only in his 42nd year at the time of his death. He first 
learned Chess in 1864, and must have possessed both considerable 
natural capacity and enthusiasm for the game, for, within a few 
months, he was able to contend on even terms with the strongest 
players of his locality, and in June of the following year he began 
the publication of a Chess department in the Kingston Journal, 
In the early part of 1867 Mr. Romeyn, in conjunction with Mr. E, 
B. Cook, of Hoboken, N. J., undertook the publication of the now 
famous " American Chess Nuts," which after the death of Mr. W. R. 
Henry, its projector, in 1865, had remained in Mr. Cook's charge 
in a state of incompletion and abeyance. Mr. Romeyn progressed 
as far as the 405th problem in an edition of 500 copies, when ill 
health compelled him reluctantly to abandon the task. Sub- 
sequently, however, he was a most helpful coadjutor to Messrs* 
Cook and Gilberg in the final labour upon the work prior to its 
going to press in 1868, aiding largely in collecting the problems 
dating after 1861, and personally re-examining over a fourth of the 
multitude of compositions contained in the volume. From about 
this period Mr. Romeyn seems to have virtually abandoned the 
field of practical Chess play, devoting himself almost exclusively 
to problems, in the construction of which he was a frequent, 
though not a prolific composer. For a long time past, however, 
he appears to have given up even this branch of the game, the 
latest composition of his that we have been able to find being the 
following little three-mover from the HolyoJce Transcript, in the 
early part of 1878 : 

White— K at Q 6 ; Q at K B 6 ; B at Q R 3 ; Kt at Q B 4. 

Black— K at Q B 6 j P at Q R 5. 
Mr. Romeyn was, we believe, a practical newspaper man, being 
at one time editor and part proprietor of the Kingston Journal^ 
and subsequently of the Courier, of the same city. — (From the 
New Orleans Times-Democrat,) 

Bavaria. — The preparations for the jubilee of the Bavarian 
Chess Association, which commences on the 11th inst., have 
progressed auspiciously, and it is to be hoped that the gloom which 
has been cast on Munich by the melancholy fate of its late King 
will not interfere with the success of the Congress. The Regent, 
Prince Luitpold, has contributed an ivory-mounted cup, and 
Prince Ludwig Ferdinand a gold drinking cup as prizes. The 
other prizes in the principal tourney will be 250, 100, and 50 marks. 

Germany. — The South-west German Chess Association will 
hold its Congress at Mannheim from the 3rd to the 7th of July. 


A new Chess dub, called the " Badenia," was recently founded 
here by Herr Stem* 

Canada. — In a recent telegraphic match between Quebec and 
Toronto the latter won by a score of 5 games to 2. Quebec has 
since conducted a similar match with Montreal, which owing to a 
dispute was left undecided. 

Australia. — ^We have receiTed a letter fix>m Mr. Gossip, now 
of Sydney, in which he challenges the statement, or rather ex- 
pression of opinion, which we made some time ago, that '^ we did 
not consider him either physically or intellectually capable of 
sustaining the position of Champion of Australia." Mr. Gossip 
complains that this statement, coupled with our publication some 
time previously of a game which he lost to Mr. Bums, and the 
non-publication of a game which he won of Mr. Fisher, is calculated 
to do him some injury, and he then goes into a long history of hi& 
p^ormances with the chief Australian players, in order to show 
justification of his claim to aspire to the championship. We regret 
that we have no space for the letter, and should be sorry to injure 
Mr. Gossip, but we camiot see that we have done so. In our 
puldication of games we endeavour to be perfectly impartial, and 
the only reason why the game between Messrs. Gossip and Fisher 
has not yet been given is want of room, owing to the pressure of 
other match games of greater mterest With regard to our opinion 
above cited, we shall be happy to alter and withdraw it when in 
set matches Mr. Gossip has beaten the leading players of Sydney, 
Melbourne, and Adelaide, to some of whom he says that he has 
never lost a game* 

Russia. — A match for 500 francs has been played at St. 
Petersburg between M. Tchigorin, giving P and move, and Baron 
Nolde. ^e former won by 5 games to 2, and 2 drawn. 

A... A 



Our next number will be published about the middle of 
August, and will contain, besides other important matter, a full 
account of the Congress of the British Chess Association, which 
will be held between July 12th and 28th, at the Criterion, London. 

We have pleasure in drawing the attention of our readers to 
an announcement, in another part of this number, of a new 
Problem Tourney. Mr. Frankenstein has kindly offered £1 Is. Od. 
towards the Prize fund, to which we add £2 2s. Od. If any of 
our friends feel liberally inclined we shall be glad to hear &om 


End-game p. 225. — Mr. Gartrell's solution commences 1..., 
B takes P, 2 P takes R (best), Q takes Et and wins. Mr. 
Womersley suggests now 3 Q to Q 3 ; this has been submitted to 
Mr. Gartrell, who gives Black's winning play as 3 B takes P. We 
have asked him what he proposes to do if White now plays 4 Q to 
B 4 ch, K to R sq (forced), 6 Q takes K P ; from Mr. Gartrell's 
silence we presume he is now satisfied the position is incorrect. 
We received a number of solutions overlooking defence 3 Q to Q 3 
and proper continuation^ but since our remarks on page 259, Mr.. 
J. Burt of Bristol, and Mn L. E. Whitby of Liverpool, have for- 
warded analysis showing that Black cannot win. 

The Congress of the Counties Chess Association will be held 
this year at Nottingham, under the auspices of the Nottingham 
Chess Club. The local committee have engaged commodious 
rooms at the Mechanics' Institution, and play will commence in 
the Lecture Hall on the 2nd of August — ^a few days after the 
termination of the B. C. A. meeting in London. The programme- 
has not yet been published but we are informed that the amateur 
classes will be similar to those of previous years. The funds of 
the Association are already ample for this purpose, and the efibrts 
that are being made justify the hope that the committee will have 
sufi^ient means at their disposal to provide for an open tourna- 
ments Amongst other distinguished patrons of the Association 
are the Duke and Duchess of St. Allmns, the Duke of PcHrtland, 
Yiscoimt Newark, Viscount Galway, Lord and Lady John Manners, 
the Marquis of Hartington, and Lord Randolph Churchill. Further 
particulars may be had shortly from the Rev. A. B.. Skipworth, 
Tetford Rectory, Horncastle, or from Mr* T. Marriott, local Hon. 
Sec., Tew Tree Avenue, Carrington, Nottingham. 

Problem Defabtubni. 

F. Downey, South Shtelds. — Very true I there ta a strong 
family likeness, but the effect of double check, present in A's, is 
absent from B's beautiful little problem. The duals in the latter 
are also absent &om the elder problem and are far too numerous 
to be agreeable to the present taste. 

T. G. Hart, Burstwick. — ^Your last sui we like much ! We 
avoid giving long winded problems often, because so few care to 
try them. Hence your nine-er has been laid on the shelf! The 
emendation on Mr. L.'s problem has been handed to the author. 
Your three-mover, on hand, is cooked by 1 B to Kt 7 ch, K to 
Q 3 ! ; 2 R to Q R sq, <&c. 

F. af Geijersstam. — Very much obliged for the problems, which 
are most welcome. 



Bt H. J. C. Andrews. 



1. The Tourney will be open to the world. 

2. It will be divided into two sections, the first to comprise 
three-move direct mates, the second «ui-mates of a similar length. 

3. Each competitor may contribute two problems, one in each 
section, or may enter either category with a single problem, at 

4. Competing problems must be positions hitherto unpub- 
lished, and must not be revised versions of any that have already 
appeared in print. 

5. The primary positions must be such as would be possible 
in play. 

6. Castling, or P takes P en passant as a first move, is not 
permissible in solutions. 

7. All problems must be put on printed diagrams bearing, 
on the reverse, solutions in full. 

8. No sealed envelopes or mottoes will be required, but 
competing problems or corrections thereof must be posted not 
later than January Ist, 1887, addressed to John Watkinson, 
Fairfield, Huddersfield, Yorkshire, and accompanied with the 
names and addresses of the authors. 

9. There will be three judges who will act without previous 
consultation. Messrs. J. H. Finlinson and James Pierce have 
kindly consented to serve. Their coadjutor will be announced iu 
a future number, as also a list of prizes. 

10. The judges will adjudicate by means of a scale to be 
agreed upon by themselves and announced beforehand. Points 
thus awarded will be added together, the gross poll regulating 

11. In the event of one or more ties occurring, these will be 
settled by a referee, to be appointed by the judges. 

12. It is intended to commence publication of the competing 
problems in the opening number of our next volume, and they will 
appear at the rate of three or four per month until exhausted. 
The right is reserved of excluding all positions that may appear to 
be palpably unsound or impossible of solution, but, as a rule, the 
discovery of " cooks " will be left to the acumen of solvers in a 
projected Solution Tourney, particulars of which will be announced 
in due course. 

13. The judges' award will remain open for three months 
after publication. At the expiration of this period it will be con- 
sidered final. 




The June number of The Wanderer contains the announcement 
of a proposed American Chess- Weekly, which, under Mr. Peterson's 
able management, will no doubt deserve, even if it cannot command, 
success. The new Journal will consist of eight pages, and it is 
intended to issue it at the price of 3 dollars per annum, payable 
on receipt of the first number. Foreign postage 50 c^nts additional. 
Intending subscribers should address the Chess Editor of The 
Wanderer^ P.O. Box 332, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S.A. 

END-GAME.— p. 264. 

Amended Position. 
Black (Mr. H. C.) 

White (Mb. Wombrslby.) 

White to play and win. 

This diagram should have had the Black King at Q 2. The 
position as published admits of this ending : — 1 B to K 4, B to 
B 2 ch (a) ; 2 K to R 2, B takes P ; 3 B to B 6 ch, K to B 2 ; 
4 P queens and wins, (a) 1 ... K to Q 2 ; 2 B to Q 5, B takes B; 
3 P takes B and wins. This solution was sent in by Messrs. B. 
Fison ; H. Mercer ; J. E. Vernon ; L. E. Whitby ; and " East Mar- 
den" ; the first three arrived by the same post : in consequence of 
three firsts, and the error in the diagram, the author sent the 
amended position to each of these gentlemen, offering a book prize 
to all who solved the true position by the 21st June, but has re- 
ceived only one reply and this incorrect. In order that o'ur readers 
may examine the position for themselves, the solution is held over 
until next month ; meanwhile criticisms and solutions are invited, 
the author offering a Chess work to the two best sent in before the 
20th instant. Address, F. W. Womerslcy, 13, York Buildings, 



No. 357.— By J. JESPEESEN. No. 358.— Bi H. 1. 0. ANDREWS. 

Vliite to play utd muto iii tluee k 


No. 359.— By T. G. HAET. 


-Br V. E. TUCKETT. No. 361.— Bt F. M. TEED, , 

Inscribed to A. Towmbbhd. 


^'bite to play and maM in thjae moTM, WMte to play and mate in four m 



No. 349, by H. J. C. Andrews.— 1 RtoK 6, Pone, 2RtoR4, 
Any, 3 mates accordingly. 

No. 350, by Chas. K Tuckett— 1 Et takes Kt, E takes R, 2 B 
to E R 4, B moves, 3 Q mates, (a) 1 B moves, 2 R to K B 2, &c. 

No. 361, by B. Httlsen.— 1 Q Et takes E P, Ac. 

No. 352, by John C. Bremner.— 1 Et to K 4, Et takes R (a), 
2 Et to B 6 ch, E moves, 3 R to E 4 mate« (a) Et takes P or 
Et 4 {b\ 2 Et to B 6 ch, &o. {b) B takes P, 2 Et at E 4 takes 
P ch, &c. 

No. 353, by E. Pradignat.— 1 Et to E B 3 (a), B takes R, 
2 Q to Q B 2, B takes Q, 3 R to E 6, &c. (a) B takes B, 2 R to 
Q 4 ch, P takes R, 3 Et to E R 4, &o. 

No. 354, by C. Planck.—! Q takes P, E takes Et (B 4) (a), 
2 Q takes P, <fec. (a) B P takes Et (b), 2 Q to E 4 ch, &c. (b) B to 
B 5, 2 Et to E 6, &c., and other variations. 

No. 355, by A. F. Madcienzie. — 1 Et to Et 7, &c. 


No. 349, — This problem quietly but forcibly combines plaia 
and double checks, as well as " pins " in various directions and on 
the mating move only. I consider it a beauty and decidedly in 
advance of the time when it was composed. Mercutio. — I did not 
find this at all difficult, but it is certainly very pretty. The flaw 
in the first edition escaped my notice. '£. S., Eensington. 

No. 350. — Quite spoiled by its first move. Otherwise rather 
'good. Mercutio. — The reverse of 349. Difficult but rather ugly 
owing to the opening capture. E. S. 

No. 351. — Poor and obvious. Mercutio. — ^Fair. E. S. 

No. 352. — Passable and that is all I can say for it. Mercutio. — 
This I did not find easy, but, when solved, it scarcely compensated 
me for my trouble. E. S. 

No. 353. — ^A complicated and rather heavily loaded 'position, but 
containing some very fine strategy, especially if Black play 1 B 
takes R. Mercutio. 

No. 354. — A fashionable beauty, lavishly decked with many 
ornaments, but rather conventional withal. This prot^lem is, 
however, well worthy a prize, as containing so much excellent and 
highly polished workmanship. Mercutio. 

No. 355. — Most elaborate and far more troublesome to work 
out than the generality of three-movers. Thd manner in which 
duals are avoided in toto is truly marvellous, under the complica- 
tion of cross fires. Mercutio. — Bewildering indeed ! It is long since 
I have been so struck by a two-mover. I consider it a master- 
piece. E. S. . 

The British Chess Magazine 


I have occasionally thought that something interesting might 
be written about Chess Generalship. It is often called Judg- 
ment, but on looking up Mr. Potter's definition of the ** Judging'* 
principle I find only one department of Generalship included 
therein, i,e, ** what is meant by discriminating, comparing, 
calculating, and so forth." Another department is given in his 
definition of the "Tacking" principle, "which involves retreat- 
ing, reforming, reorganising, and so forth;" whilst a further 
department is placed in the ** Forelaying " principle, which, he 
says, "means reserving possibihties, looking to and providing for 
the future." There are also some traces of generalship in his 
remarks on " Augmenting force," where he refers to the action 
of the player's will. Mr. Potter's idea has been to give his 
seven major principles a joint and equal share in the government 
of the game. It is obvious, however, that "developing" requires 
to be checked where further growth leads to weakness instead of 
strength ; that |* economising moves " is worse than useless, if a 
waiting game wiU answer the purpose better ; and that " con- 
structing " must give way to action when the time for action 
arrives. A sensible old writer, to whom I fear Chess was un- 
known, seems to have hit the mark a little nearer in defining 
Justice. (Judgment and Judging I ass>ime, for this occasion 
only, to be Justice at work.) " Justice," he says, " attunes the 
other principles Uke musical strings, and leads a man to combine 
them all together in one harmonious whole, able to perform 
whatever is to be done; and reckons those actions right and 
good that nourish this habit, and calls the knowledge which 
presides over such actions — wisdom." This is too lofty a term 
to apply to Chess tactics, but it corresponds to what may not 
unfitly be styled Generalship. It is different from Judgment in 
this respect, that while judgment only decides on what is put 
before it, generalship suppHes the material for judgment to work 
upon. It combines the player's will with the player's skill. 

The lack of a comprehensive grasp of the resources on the 
board may be noticed any day. In every Chess-room or cafe 
where the game is practised, players will be found working hard 
for some trifling, temporary, or merely local effect, with little 


regard to the ultimate consequences of this effect upon the general 
position, whether beneficial or otherwise. All such actions and 
habits, according to the sage I have quoted, arise from the 
principles acting at variance with each other. There is '<an 
msurrection of some one principle against the whole, to govern 
where it is not its province." 

It is not so easy in Chess matters to find illustrations for 
ideas as it is to adapt preconceived ideas to illustrations. The 
first cause of the preceding remarks is a game in my hands, 
played between the two leading players in a small club match. 
K we suppose the Chess-men to be ''dead things with inbreathed 
sense, able to pierce," the argument of the game will run as 
follows : '* The White general, putting his greatest strength into 
the left wing of his little army, commences the engagement by 
an advance on Black's right, and pressing vigorously onwards 
leaves his other wing somewhat uncovered. The Black general 
accordingly diverts his advance towards the enemy's right. His 
opponent, observing this, returns to protect his position, but does 
not get back in time to avert loss. His forces, however, soon 
outnumber those of the enemy in this part of the field. Black 
then promptly retiring, reforms his troops, and leaving his King's 
quarters protected by a thin black line of infantry, tries to force 
through White's advanced and disarranged left wing with his 
heavy pieces. The original idea of the attack is thus changed. 
White being now strongest in the right wing, and Black in the left, 
or rather the left centre. White furiously attacks the Black King, 
and puts him into great straits, but the Black general, having 
successfully accomplished his object, turns White's flank, and the 
contest is shortly decided in Black's favour." It is probable that 
in the hands of a word-painter this short description might be 
amplified into a picturesque narrative. 

Now for the moves. (White) 1 P to K 4, (Black) 1 P to K 4 ; 
2 Kt to K B 8, Kt to Q B 3 ; 8 B to B 4, B to B 4 ; 4 P to 
Q Kt 4, B to Kt 8 ; 6 Castles, P to Q 8; 6 P to Q B 8, B to Kt 6; 
7 P to Q 8, Kt to B 8 ; 8 P to Q E 4, P to Q R 8 ; 9 Q Kt to 
Q 2, Q to K 2 ; 10 Q to Kt 8. This is, I think, bad development, 
unless the Queen can be brought to the other, side in one move, 
or unless some worthy end can at once be accomplished. In the 
Compromised Evans where the move is adopted there is no diffi- 
culty of the kind. 10 Castles (K R) ; 11 B to R 8, stiU working 
in the same direction, B to K 8 ; 12 Q R to Q sq, Kt to K R 4, 
to place himself at B 5, or compel White's Q B to return home ; 
18 B takes B, Q takes B ; 14 Q to B 2, to guard the other wing, 
but his own forces are obstructives, Kt to B 5 ; 16 Kt to B 4, 
Q to Kt 5. Black must win something. 16 Kt to K sq, Kt to 
R 6 ch; 17 K to R sq, Kt takes P ch ; 18 R takes Kt, B takes R; 


19 Et to B 8, B to B 2 ; 20 Q Et to Q 2, P to Q Et 4, a 
precaationarj measure for which he oan hardly be blamed, al- 
though be would certainly like to be after better business. 21 Et 
to B sq, Et to E 2 ; 22 P to B 6. Both parties coincide in a 
desire to "close the book" on Q's side. Thus Black's 20th move 
does not lose him time. (BUck) 22 Et to Et 8 ; 28 B to B sq, 
Q to Q 2. He foresees that the Queen will be driven back, and 
at once retires within his own lines. " The necessity of at onc« 
re-forming troops after a sacoeraful attack oannot be too strongly 
impressed on officers." {v. Field Exerdtes.) He relies for the 
Bafety of his Eing upon the unmoved Pawns, which, as explained 
in a previous paper, have superior power of dealing with numer- 
ous contingencies. His new idea is to break through White's 
Pawns where most Vulnerable. White on the other hand, relies 
on the number and weight of the pieces he can bring to bear on 
Black's King as the best way of avoiding dangers which threaten 
and utihsing chances which offer. (White) 24 Et to Et 8, P to 
Q B 4 ; 26 Et to B 5, P takes P ; 26 P takes P, Q E to B sq ; 
27 Q to E 2, B to B 8 ; 28 Et to Et 6, E B to Q B aq ; 29 Q to 
R 5, Et to B sq. The position is remarkable. The lookers-on 
considered that White had a won game. But he does not know 
where to begin owing to the unmoved Pawns. (See Diagram.) 
Position after Black's 29th move. 


(White) 80BtoQ2, PtoQ4, oflfering a price for liberty ; 
81 B to E B sq, P to B 8 — a bold proceeding which gives White 
the cue he has been waiting for. P takes P would allow the 
White Knights to exercise their unquestionable abiUties and lead 
to an exciting situation. 82 P takes P, B to B 7. He was on 
the point of taking the Et, but <* consideration like an angel 
came." (Suppose 82 Q takes Kt ; 88 Q to B 7 ch, E to B sq ; 
84 Q takes Et ch, B takes Q ; 85 B takes Q, &c.) 88 Kt to E 6, 
Et takes Et ; 84 Et to B 6 ch, hoping for greater completeness 
of achievement by this sacrifice. If 84 P takes Et, Q takes E P 
would be awkward on account of 85 Q to Et 4, but he might take 
the Q P. (Black) 84 P takes Et ; 85 Q to Et 4 ch, E to B 2 ; 
86 Q to B 5, B takes B (Et to B sq is better than it seems at 
first sight) ; 87 Q takes B P ch, E to Et sq ; 88 P takes Et, Q to 
E Et 2, with a sensation of safety after a storm ; 89 Q to B 8. The 
defence has been too strong for him. 89 B to E B sq ; 40 P to 
E 7, Q takes E P ; 41 Q to Q 5 ch, Q to B 2 (?), an oversight at 
the last moment, relying on the check with Book if B takes Q, 
but missing the crossed check; 42 Q tsJies Q, an equal oversight, 
but B takes Q would still leave Black with a won game, B takes 
Q and White resigns. 

The above game has other points, but it is generalship 
that forms its most noticeable feature. White commences with 
twelve moves of development and augmentation, then finding he 
has gone wrong he resorts to tacking, re-constructing, and re- 
developing, which occupy him till his 29th move, then he has a 
high time with his attack until his 89th move, when, being 
attacked in the rear, he retires defeated with his Q to B 8, after 
which there is" nothing for him but a policy of despair. These 
tactics can be clearly followed in this game. Black's performance 
is equally clear as described in the '• argument." His 23rd move 
may be open to question, also his 80th and 31st moves, but as- 
suming that in all these cases he acted with unnecessary haste this 
is merely a matter of detail. The worst that can be said is that 
such moves are possibly blunders in tacking, re-constructiug, 
and so forth. After the preliminary error on White's 10th move 
the generalship on both sides is sound, and the same remark 
would hold good if Black had lost the game instead of winning 

It follows then that a game may be lost in spite of the best 
generalship, inasmuch as the best general is to some extent at 
the mercy of his oflficers. It is not at all unusual to see good 
generalship accompanied by inferior manipulation, and on the 
other hand there are players of the first class whose games show 
that they rely more on their skirmishing abihty than on their 
generalship. Other things being equal generalship must win. 


The distinction between generalship and a Micawberlike de- 
pendence on the accidents of the environment is the point I wish 
to bring out, and as far as I propose to carry the matter at present. 
I leave Mr. Potter's principles as I find them, only limiting 
their action to the management of the men. The working of 
them is to place the troops in the field weU drilled and disciplined, 
able to go anywhere and do anything. Mr. Potter provides for 
the attack with his " Developing " principle, and for the defence 
with his "Constructing" principle. "Economising moves," 
" Augmenting force," " Tacking," and " Forelaying " assist 
both, while " Judging " guides their operations. It should be 
noted that " Augmenting force " includes restraining moves and 
all sacrifices for a special object. So far so good. But General- 
ship presides and directs, and dealing with the irregularities of 
force and position that arise at every turn of the game endeavours 
to provide for every possible contingency, either by fresh com- 
binations of the various principles, or by a tour deforce, tasking 
to the utmost the resources of one principle. Some of its finest 
effects, to my mind, are produced in dealing with detached bodies 
of Pawns in the endgame. 

The conclusion is that it is perfectly consistent, if not impera- 
tive, for a Chess-player frequently to change his principles. 

E. F. 


Since writing the analysis on this opening in l^e January and 
March numbers of this Magazine, several new defences have 
been devised ; I wish on this occasion to discuss the merits of an 
ingenious defence played and invented by Mr. H. F. Cheshire of 
Hastings, in a correspondence game with myself ; at the same 
time I will notice several other defences in passing. 

The opening moves constituting the gambit are 1 P to K 4, 
P to K 4 ; 2 Kt to Q B 3, Kt to Q B 8 ; 8 P to B 4, P takes P ; 
4 Kt to B 8, P to K Kt 4 ; 5 P to Q 4, and the game in question 

6. P to Kt 5 

It Black wishes to avoid the harassing attack consequent on 
this advance, he may play instead, either 6 P to Q 8 or 5 B to 
Et 2 (the last is perhaps a little the better), the game will then 
most likely continue 6 B to B 4, P to Q 8 ; 7 Castles, P to K R 8 ; 
8 Kt to K 2, K Kt to K 2 ; 9 P to B 8, Castles, and now White 
may force an attack by 10 Q B takes P, P takes B ; 11 Kt takes 
P but whether sufficient to win with appears doubtful. 


6. BtoB4 6. P takes Et 

7. Castles 

White cannot play 7 Q takes P; not on account of the reply 
Et takes P which could be efiEectually met with B takes P ch, &c., 
but because of Q to B 5 ch and then after 8 P to E Et 8, Et takes 
P winning ; but 7 Q B takes P seems a feasible move, if now 
Black play 7. . ., P takes P ? ; then ensues 8 B takes P ch, E takes 
B ; 9 Q to B 6 ch, E to Et 2; 10 R to E Et sq, Q Et to E 2 ; 

11 B to Et 5 !, if P to E R 8 ; 12 B to R 4, E to R 2 ; 18 R takes 
P, B to Et 2 ; 14 Castles •r Et to Q 5, and White appears to 
have a winning attack. 

7. P to Q 8 

This in conjunction with the next move constitutes Mr. 
Cheshire's defence. Besides those defences already mentioned 
and discussed, the following may be given as worthy of attention, 
namely, (1) P to Q 4 and (2) Et to E 4. First if 7..., P to Q 4 ; 
I will first give some variations which White had better avoid, 
and then give what I conceive to be his best play : if 8 Et takes 
P ? Black proceeds with B to E Et 6 ; 9 Q to Q 8 (or 9 P takes 
P, B to R 6 ; 10 B takes P, R to B sq ; 11 Q to Q 2, Et to B 3; 

12 B to E Et 5, R to E Et sq ; 18 E to R sq, Et takes E P I 
winning), Et to Et 5 ; 10 Et takes Et, B takes Et ; 11 B takes 
P ch, E takes B ; 12 Q to B 4 ch, B to E 8 ; 18 Q takes E B, 
Q to Et 4 ; 14 R to B 2, Et to B 8, &c. White's best reply to 
7..., P to Q 4 is 8 P takes P then if B to E Et 6 ! ; 9 Q to 
E sq ch I (9 P takes P is clearly bad, for then B to R 6 ; 10 R to 
E sq ch, E Et to E 2 ! ; 11 B takes P, R to Et sq ch ; 12 B to 
Et 8, Et to R ^ with the advantage ; also if 9 R takes P, B takes 
R ; 10 Q takes B, Et takes P ; 11 Q to E 4 ch, Q to E 2 ; 
12 Q takes Et, Q to B 4, &c.) E Et to E 2 ! ; 10 B takes P, 
Et R 4 or (a) ; 11 Et to E 4 winning back the piece sacrificed ; 
or (a) 10..., P to Q R 8 ; 11 B to E 6, Et takes B ; 12 Q takes 
Et, R to E Et sq ; 18 Et to E 4, &c. 

Secondly, the defence 7..., Et to E 4 may be speedily 
dismissed as inferior, thus, 8 P takes Et, B to B 4 ch ; 9 E to 
R sq, P takes P ch ; 10 E takes P, P to Q 4 ; 11 Q takes P, 
Q takes Q ; 12 P takes Q, Et to R 8 ; 18 B takes P, R to 
Et sq ch ; 14 B to Et 8, Et to B 4 ; 15 B to Et 6 ch with the 
superior game. 

Before leaving this part of the game, it may be useful to 
point out that if Black play 7. . . , Et takes P, White wiU do wrong 
to continue 8 B takes P ch as given in the March number, for 
then would follow E takes B ; 9 B takes P, Q to B 8 ! ; 10 B to 
E 8 (Et to Q 6 is no better), Q to E Et 8 1; 11 Q to Q 2, B to 
R 8 with the advantage ; other continuations are, 11 R takes 


P ch, Kt takes B ch ; 12 Q takes Et ch, E to E sq ; 13 Et to Q 5, 
B to Q 8 ; 14 B to Q 4, P to B 8 ; 16 P to E 6 or (a), B to E 2; 
16 Et to B 7 ch, E to Q sq ; 17 Et takes R, P to B 4 ! and Black 
wiU win ; or if (a) 15 Et to E 8, then B takes P ch ; 16 E to 
B sq, Et to B 8 ; 17 B takes Et or E takes B, B to E B sq and 
again Black has the best of it. If 11 B to B 2 then Et to E 8 ; 
12 B takes P ch, E to E sq ; 18 B to Et 8, Q to B 2 ; 14 Q to 
E 2, &c. White's proper answer to 7..., Et takes P is un- 
doubtedly 8 Q B ta^es P continued probably thus Et to E 8 ; 
9 Q takes B P, B to B 4 ch ; 10 E to B sq, P to Q 8 ? ; 
11 B takes Q P or B to E 5 with a first-rate game in either case. 

8. Q takes P 8. B to E 8 

An undoubtedly strong move, as it necessitates an exchange 
of Bishops, and every exchange must weaken White's game. 
The only other move worth considering is 8..., Q to B 8 ; White's 
best reply is, I think, 9 Et to Et 6, now if Et takes P the 
following is most likely, 10 Et takes B P ch, E to Q sq ; 11 Q to 
Q 8, E takes Et ; 12 B takes P, Q to E 4 ; 18 B takes P ch, 
B to Q 2 ; 14 B to B 4, Q to Q B 4 ; 15 B to E 8, &c., and if 
9..., E to Q sq. White continues 10 P to E 5, P takes P (?) ; 

11 P takes P, Q takes P or (a) ; 12 Q B takes P, Q to B 4 ch ; 
18 E to B sq, Q takes B ; 14 B takes P ch, E to E 2 ; 15 Q B to 
E sq ch, E to Q 2 ; 16 Q to B 5 ch, &c. or (a) ; 11..., Et takes P; 

12 Q to Q 5 ch, B to Q 8 ; 18 B takes P, Q to E 8 ; 14 Q to Q 4, 
Q takes B ; 15 B takes Et, Q takes Et ; 15 B takes B, &c. 

9. B takes B 9. P takes B 

10. B takes P 10. Q to B 8 

If 10..., Et takes P ; then 11 Q to B 5 ch, E to Q 2; 12 B to 
E 5, P takes B ; 18 Q takes E P, &c. But 10..., E Kt to E 2 
may be ventured apparently: it would possibly result in the 
foUowing, 11 B to Kt 5, E to Q 2 ; 12 P to Q 5, Et to K 4 ; 
18 P takes P ch, E to B sq I ; 14 Q to B 6, Q Kt to Kt 3; 15 P to 
£ 5 and the position is complicated and difficult. 

11. PtoK5 

Best ; if 11 P to Q 5 Black plays Kt to Q 5 and after 12 Q to 
Q.8, PtoK4. 

11. Q to Kt 2 

Black's object is of course to protect his K B which is 
necessary in certain contingencies ; in the actual game it is useful 
also in protecting the Q Kt P as will be seen. If instead he 
play 11..., Q to B 4 White's best reply is 12 Q to K 8, and the 
Black Queen will again have to move, and Q takes B P is 
dangerous on account of E to B 2. He may, however, play 
11... Q to Kt 8 ; then White will play 12 P takes P and then if 


CasUes which seems best 18 P takes P with a good attack. It is 
worth while also to notice the consequences of 11..., P takes P ; 
White answers with 12 P takes P and now if 12..., Et takes P ; 
18 B takes Et wins at once ; if 12..., Q to Et 8 ; 18 Q E to Q sq 
may be good enough, or perhaps better still 18 B to E 8, now if 
18..., Castles (?) White can win by force, thus, 14 Q takes B !, 
B takes Q ; 15 B takes B ch, Et to Q sq or (a) ; 16 Q B to 
Q sq, &c., or (a) ; 15...,EtoQ2; 16 Q Bto Q sqch, Et to Q 6 ! ; 

17 B takes Et ch, E to B 8 ; 18 B to B 4 ch, E to Q 2; 19 Et to 
Et 5, P to B 4 ; 20 B takes P winning easily. 

12. PtoQ5 12. EttoQ5 

White's object is to force an open file for his Books. 
If Black take E P with Et, White repUes 18 B takes Kt, 
P takes B ; 14 Q to B 6 ch, &c., and if 12..., P takes E P; then 

18 P takes Et, P takes B ; 14 P takes P, &c. 

18. QtoE4 18. PtoB4 

14. P takes QP 14. Et to E B 8 

15. QtoE5 14. BtoEEtsq 

A good move ; had he played now Et to Et 5 White could win 
by 16 P to Q 7 ch ! , E takes P (if 16... Q takes P ; 17 Q to B 5 ch 
wins the EtJ ; 17 P takes P ch, E to Q sq ; 18 Q to B 5 ch, Q to 
Et 8 ; 19 Q to Q 5, B to Q sq ; 20 Q takes Et P, &c., and if 
15..., Et to Q 2 ; 16 Q to B 5 ch, Q to Et 8 ; 17 Q takes Q ch, 
P takes Q ; 18 P takes P, Et takes P ; 19 Q B to E sq, E to B 2; 
20 B to E 5 ch, &c. 

16. BtoEt8 16. EttoEtS 

17. QtoE4 17. QtoEt8 

If Black again play the Et to E B 8, White's only way to 
avoid a draw is to take it, thus, 18 B takes Et, Q takes B ; 

19 P takes P with still, I imagine, a winning attack left. 

18. PtoQ7ch 18. EtoQsq 
A wise discretion. 

19. Q takes Q 

This seems best. If 19 Q to B 4, Black would play P to E 4 
and then after 20 Q takes B ch, B takes Q ; 21 B takes B ch, 
E takes P ; 22 B takes B, White's forces although equivalent 
in material to the adversary's, are too scattered to be available 
in time. 

19. P takes Q 

20. BtoB7 20. Bto E 2 

Probably his best ; if Et to B 8, the reply is of course 21 B to 
B 4 ch winning. 


21. P to Q 6 21. B to Et 4 

So &r the test moveB represent the game as actually 
contested : at this point I now played 22 Q B to E B aq, an 
evident blunder as the doabled Books are quite useless 
the game continued B to E 6 cb ; 28 E to B sq, Et to B 4 
24 B to B 8, Et takes B oh ; 25 B takes Et, Et to E 4 
-26Btal£esB, Et takes B; 27 B takes F, BtoEBsq; 28Eto 
Kt sq, E takes F ; 29 B to E 7 cb, E talies P ; 80 B takes P and 
White resigns as bis attack ia 'worn out and he will no longer be 
able to fight against Black'a extra Book. 

The position, however, at the 22nd move is by no means a 
hopeless one, and had White played the correct move 22 B to 
K sq I, it ia difficult to see how Black could extricate himself. 
For the sake of study I give a diagram of this interesting position 
and subjoin an analysis. 

White to play his 22nd move. 

.The following lines of play suggest themaelves. 

(1) 22 E to E sq, Et to B S ; 23 B to R 7, E Et to B 4 ; 
24 Et to E 4, Et takes B ; 25 Kt takes B, K Kt to B 4 ; 
26 B takes P, Et to Et 4 ; 27 Et to E 4 foUowed by 28 P to 
E Et 4, Ac. 


22..., Et to E B 8 ; 28 B to E 6, &c. 
22..., Et to B 4; 28 Et to £ 4, Et takes B; 
"24 Et t&kes P &c. 

(4) 22...,'PtoEt8; 28 Et toE4,BtoB8; 24PtoEB8, 
Et to E 6 ; 25 B to E 5, Et to Q 4 ; 26 P to B 4, &c. 

(5) 22..., PtoB4; 23 Et to E 4, BtoB8; 24EttakesP, 
B to Et sq ; 25 B takes P or P to E B 8, &c. 

(6) 22..., B to Q 7 ; 28 Et E 4, B takes B ; 24 Et takes P 
B to Et sq; 25 B takes B, P to E Et 4; 26 B to Q 2, Et to E 7 ch; 
27 E to B sq, Et to B 5 ; 28 B takes Et, P takes B ; 29 Et takes 
E P, mate. 

(7) 22..., B to E 6 ch ; 28 B takes B, Et takes B ; 24 B to 
B 4, E Et to B 4 ; 25 B to Et 5 ch, Et E 2 ; 26 B takes Et, 

Black has no defence that I can discover, the difficulty being 
to prevent Et going to E 4 and its consequences. 

July, 1886. W. TiMBBELL PlEBCE. 


The Bectory, AshweU, Baldock, 

7th July, 1886. 

Sm, — As there are doubtless many clerical readers of the 
B. C. M., Mr. Fuller, I expect, will be deluged with the informa- 
tion he invites as to the meaning of the Scriptural expression 
**my youth is renewed like the eagle's." The late J. 0. W. 
Haweis preaching a Thanksgiving sermon at Upper Norwood 
Church on Nov. 16th, 1849, on the departure of ^e Pestilence, 
chose for his text, **They that wait on the Lord shall renew 
their strength ; they shall mount up with wings as eagles," &c. 
Is. xl. 81, and he says, "the image under which the promise was 
presented has lost much of its force to us, because we are no 
longer familiar with the popular tradition on which it was founded. 
It was beheved that the eagle, on feehng the approach of age, 
flew upwards to the sun, and, suffering his worn plumage to 
be consumed in its Are, came down with renewed youth, and 
strength and beauty. To this the Psalmist referred when he said 
* my strength is renewed like the eagle's.' " 

I trust that this wiU suffice to explain the fahle, which fur- 
nishes an apt emblem of man's renewal. 

Yours faithfully, 






The eighth in the match between Messrs. Bird and Bvim, played 
at Simpson's Divan, London, on Thursday, the 27th May. 

(English Opening.) 


(Mr. A. Bum.) (Mr.H.E.Bird.) 
lPtoQB4 PtoKB4 
2PtoK8 PtoK8 

8PtoQ4 KttoKB8 

4 Kt to K B 8 B to Kt 5 ch 

6 B to E 2 (6) Castles 

7 Castles P to Q Kt 8 

8 Q to B 2 B to Et 2 

9 B to Q sq Q to E sq 

10 P to Q R 8 (c) B to Q 3 

11 P to Q Et 4 Et to Q sq 

12 P to B 5 ((2) B to E 2 


(Mr. A. Bum.) (Mr.H.E.Bird.) 
18 B to Et 2 Q to Et 8 

15 P to Et 8 (/) Q to R 8 

16 B to B sq Et to Et 5 

17 P to R 8 (g) Et to Et 4 (h) 

18 Et takes Et 

19 Q to B 8 

20 P takes Et 

21 E to R 2 

22 P to E R 4 
28 E takes P 

B takes Et 
Et takes E P 
B takes P ch 
P to B 6 (t) 
P takes P ch 

And White resigns. 

Notes by E. Fbeebobough. 

(a) 5 Et to B 8 is not objectionable. There is much to be 
said on both sides with regard to the value of a doubled Q B P. 
Can any one point to a fairly played game which has been lost 
by it? 

(b) He might as well tree his game at once by P to Q R 8, 
when Black would have to take the Q Et. It is often a trouble- 
some piece in this opening. Black, it will be observed, has already 
provided a future for his Q Et. 

(c) 10 Et to E sq looks available, considering that Black's 
Queen is sure to find her way to Et 8. 

(d) This move, like a similar advance in the following 
game, has an aspect of immaturity about it. He may want 
to advance his Q P to stop the action of the adverse Q B — a most 
important point. This would obviously be easier with his Et at 
Q B 8 instead of Q 2. 

(e) Regardless of the number of pieces Black is bringing to 
bear on his Eing's quarters. He ought to do something, or 
prepare something, to block the formidable Q B. 



(/) Weakening his position. Et to E sq, with B to B 8 and 
Et to B sq, in reserve, wonld lead to the reply Et to Et 4. He 
might ran away with his E to B sq, hut he has committed his 
position on Q's side, which goes against this proceeding, irre- 
spective of the fact that he would not altogether escape annoyance 
on E's side. 

(0) He has an alternative, B to Et 2, bnt he is fairly in for 
a storm. 

[h) This disregarded coup wrecks White's fortnne. 
i) An effective continuation of his first move. This game 
shows the force of Mr. Bird's attack if not properly provided for. 
The first player's advance on Q's side does not bring about a 
catastrophe sooner than Black's advance on E's side. It follows 
that the second player need only attend to his own game until 
some serious objection is opposed to his onward progress. In 
this case, however, he is at a disadvantage for the enemy wiU be 
able to get round him. 



Played in London in the recent match between Messrs. 

Bird and Bum. 

(Mr. A. Bum.) 

1 P to Q 4 

2 P to E 8 

8 Et to E B 8 

4 B to E 2 

5 Castles 

6 P to B 4 

7 Et to B 8 

8 Q to B 2 (6) 

9 P to Q 5 (c) 

10 R to Q sq 

11 B to Q 2 (/) 

12 P to Q R 8 
18 B takes B 

14 P takes E P 

15 B to E 5 

16 P to Q Et 4 

17 B to Q 6 

18 R takes Et 

19 Q R to Q sq 

(Irregular Opening.) 


(Mr. A. Bum.) (Mr.H.E.Bird.) 
20EttoE5(t) QtoE2 



P to E B 4 (a) 
Et to E B 8 
P to Q Et 8 
B to Et 2 
Q to E sq 
Et to R 8 (d) 
B to Et 6 (e) 
P to B 3 (^) 
B takes Et 
Et to E 5 (h) 
P takes P 
Q Et to B 4 
Et to Q 2 
Et takes B 
Et to B 8 

21 P takes P 0) P takes P 

22 Q to Et 2 
28 R to R 6 

24 Q to B 8 

25 Q to R 6 

26 P to B 8 

27 P to B 4 

28 Q to E sq 

29 R takes Q 

80 B to B 8 

81 R takes R P 

82 P takes B 

B to Q 4 (k) 
Q R to Et sq 
B to R sq 
Et to E 5 (0 
Q to Et 4 
Q takes Q (m) 
R to Et 6 
Et to Q 7 
B takes B 
R to Q sq (n) 

88 E to B 2 

84 R to E Et sq Et to E 5 ch 

85 P takes Et R to Et 7 ch 

86 E to B 8 E R to Q 7 

87 R(Et) takes Pch Resigns. 



(a) Mr. Bird is always ready to play 1 P to K B 4, whether 
as first or second player in irregular openings. This game, which 
is closely reasoned throughout, brings out some of its weak points, 
both as a defence and a counter attack, and jb worthy of attention 
on that account. 

(b) The Queen is^ell placed here. The K R will be wanted 
at Q's square to support the Pawns, and the K B's square may be 
wanted for the Bishop in certain contingencies. One disad- 
vantage of Black's opening is already apparent. He cannot now 
advance either Q B P or Q P to do any good. He plays for a 
counter attack, but nothing comes of it in this game. 

(c) A neat supplement to his previous move, although there 
is an aspect of immaturity about it. Black's play forces the 
pace. K he were now to attempt, to win a Pawn, by P takes P, 
White would get a good attack by B to B 4, and E to Q sq. 

(d) The game is already full of play, but the Q Kt is out of 
it. He is decidedly in the way at B 8. He is wanted to com- 
mand K 4, for the White Kt, if posted there, would control the 
movement of his Q. See the companion game, where the Et is 
brought to Q B 8 on the 8th move. 9 P to Q B 8 is not very 
tempting, if White reply by R to Q sq, which is evidently in his 

(e) This diversion postpones indefinitely his counter attack 
on K's side. It is however a fair resource in such a position. 
His stock of eligible moves is limited, and the two White Kts 
spoil his game in every direction. He is now in a position to get 
rid of one of them, and has freed his Q B Pawn. 

(fj There is a little awkwardness in this development. It is 
the price he has to pay for his 9th move. 

(gj Probably the best way out of what is fast becoming a 
dangerous position. There is considerable scope for analytical 
ability therein. 

(h) 13 B P takes P does not work out satisfactorily, the 
Q Kt, after the reply P takes P, being brought en prise of his 
opponent's K Bishop, as in previous variations arising from 
KP takes P. 

(i) A first class restraining move in its general effect in 
Black's game. He is boimd to find a fresh post for his Queen, 
or drive the Kt away, which is worse. 

(j) Safe enough, seeing that Black's Pawns are more broken 
up than his own. The main object of the move is to get his Q to 
Kt 2, threatening Kt to Q 7, without giving Black time to play 
R to Q sq. 



(k) An mgenions rejoinder — a sacrificial block — ^which frust- 
rates White's intention. 28 P takes B, though tempting, is 
unfortunately barred by the position of Black's Et, which permits 
the Q to play back to E 2. There are resources, but White 
prudently prefers a safer course. 

(I) Now is the time for counter attack, but his adversary's 
pieces are so disposed that it is difficult to find a way. He makes 
more of it than might be expected. 

(mj This does not mend matters for him, thanks to his 
advanced EBP, and his consequently weak E P. 

(n) Cleverly stopping, while tempting, B to Q sq on White's 
part. White has, however, a resource in the open Et's file which 
Black overlooks. But his game is lost any way. 


The sixth in the match between Messrs. Bird and Gunsberg, 
played at the rooms of the British Chess Club on Saturday 

the 19th June. 

(Irregular Opening.) 


(Mr. I. Onnsberg.) (Mr. H. E. Bird.) 

1 P to Q 4 

2 P to E 4 (a) 
8 Et to Q B 8 
4 B to E Et 5 
6 B takes Et 
6 Et takes P 

P to E B 4 
P takes P 
Et to E B 8 
P to E 8 (b) 
Q takes B 
Q to E 2 (c) 

7 B to Q 8 (d) 

8 Et to Q B 3 (e) Et to B 8 

9 Et to B 8 B to Q 2 
10 P to Q R 8 (/) Q to B 8 

11 Q to Q 2 

12 Et to E 2 
18 P takes P 

14 Et takes Et 

15 P to Q B 8 

Et takes P 
B takes Et 
Castles (E B) 

16 Castles (E R) B to Q 8 (^) 

17 Q R to E sq Q R to E sq 

18 Et to Et 8 R takes R 
19Rtak6sR B to Q B 4 


(Mr. I. Gansberg.) (Mr. H. E. Bird.) 

20 R to B sq P to B 8 (A) 

21 P to Q B 4 B to Q 5 (t) 

22 P to Q Et 4 Q to R 5 
28 P takes P P takes P 

24 B to E 4(7) QtoB8 

25 BtakesQPch E to R sq 

26 Et to E 4 

27 B takes P 

28 R to Q sq 

29 E to R sq 

80 Et to Et 5 

81 Q to B sq 

82 B to B 8 

B to Et 4 
R to Q sq 
R to Q 2 (k) 
P to Et 8 
B to Et 7 
E to Et 2 

88 R to E sq 
84 R to E 8 ch 
85EttoE6ch E to B 2 

86 R to B 8 ch E takes Et 

87 R takes Q ch B takes R 
88BtoEt4ch Resigns. 


Notes by E. FsEEBOBonaH. 

(a) A relief from the monotony of the close game, which 
has of late had a very fiEdr spell of patronage. 

(b) Horwitz against Staunton introduced 4 P to Q B 8, a 
good move giving the second player an advantage in position. 
4 P to Q 4 is not satisfactory. White recovers the Pawn by 
Q to B 5, after disposing of the Black Kt. 

(c) This is suggestive of the " P and move " opening. White 
might reply to 6 Q to Et 8 by 7 B to Q 8, which gives him a 
dashing attack by Q to B 5 ch» if Black captures the Kt P with 

(d) Leaving E 2 open for E Et or Q, in case Black advances 
with E P ; while if his half threat of Q to Et 5 ch means business 
White can afford to sacrifice a Pawn or two for the capital de- 
velopment he gets in return. 

(e) Stopping P to E 4 and Q to Et 5. 

(/) Which permits Black to take the lead, and he is not the 
sort of player to object. White is apparently afraid of losing his 
Bishop and being left with two Ets against two Bishops. There 
is also a possible advance of Black's Q B Pawn to be considered. 
It will be seen, however, that he does not escape a Httle disad- 

(g) Mr. Bird's preference for this subtle ** tacking " manoeuvre, 
with other moves in hand, is noteworthy. 

fh) He thus completes the plan of his 16th move, but there 
does not appear to be much improvement in the position of his 
E Bishop. 

(i) Another instance of excessive refinement, with P takes P, 
and B to E 8 at his disposal. 

(j) Cleverly securing a Pawn in the confusion. His 21st 
move has considerably disturbed the current of Black's ideas. 

fk) This is trying to " shave a lion." To attack is to lose, 
to defend is to lose, and to exchange is to lose. The only ques< 
tion is how long he can hold out. Q to Et sq suggests itself for 
this purpose. Mr. Gunsberg is in full force to the end. 

The remaining games in this number were played at the 
recent Congress in London. 


(Irregular Opening.) 


(Mr. S. Lip8chutz)(Mr. W. H .K. Pollock) 

lPtoQ4 PtoE8 

2PtoQB4 PtoEB4 


(Mr. S. Lipscliiitz)(Mr. W. H. K. Pollock) 

8 Et to Q B 8 Et to E B 8 
4 Et to B 8 B to Et 5 



5 Q to Et 8 

6 B to B 4 (6) 

9 Castles (E B) 

10 P takes B 

11 B takes Et (e) 

12 Et to Q 2 
18 B P takes P 

14 Q to Q sq 

15 B to Et 8 

16 B to Q 6 

17 Q to B 2 

18 Et takes P 

19 P to B 6 

20 Q to B 4 

21 Et to Et 8 

22 Q to B 5 
28 E to B sq 

24 P takes Et 

25 Q takes Et P 

P to Q B 4 (a) 
Et to Q B 8 
B takes Et 
P takes B 
P takes P (d) 
Et takes P 
Q to Et 8 
Et to B 8 
P to E 4 (e) 
P to Et 8 
B to Et 2 
Et to Q 6 {/) 
P to Q Et 4 
Et to B 6 (A) 
P takes P 

26 Q to B 4 

27 E B to E sq 

28 Q B to B sq 

29 E to Et sq 

80 Q to E 2 

81 Q to E 8 

82 Q B to Q sq 
88 B to Q 4 

84 B to B 4 

85 Q to Q 2 

86 Et to B 6 

87 Q to B sq 

88 Et to E 7 ch 

89 Et takes B (A;) 

40 Q takes B 

41 B to Et 4 

42 E takes P 
48 Q to E 7 

44 P to B 8 

45 B to E 5 

46 B takes P 

P to B 6 (i) 
E to B sq 
P takes P 
P to E R 8 
E to Et sq 
Q to Q 6 (j) 
B takes B ch 
P takes Et 
P to Q B 4 
Q takes R P 
Q to Q 4 ch 
Q to Et sq 
R to E sq 
R takes Q (I) 
And wins. 

Notes bt E. Fbeebobouoh. 

(a) This spoils his arrangement of Pawns. Two advanced 
points cannot be held to leave any freedom of action. 

(b) A development of the Q B which gets him into a 

(c) His play to this point arises naturally out of his 6th 
move, but here he has an alternative move, 11 Q to B 2. He 
can continue by 12 P to Q 5 in reply to Q to Et 8, and in 
reply to P to Q 4 by 12 P takes Q P, P takes Q P ; 13 P takes 
B P, Et takes P at B 4 ; 14 B to Q 6. The consequences of 
11 P to Q 5 are also interesting. 

(d) Black wins a Pawn by overtasking White's Pawn at E 8. 

(e) But the Pawn cannot be retained as it turns out. 

('/) Here he cleverly cuts the connection between Et and the 
defending Queen. 

(g) Still aiming at the defending piece which stands between 
White's Eing and checkmate. This time he tries cajolery. 

(h) Advancing his bid. Another variation of the same 

(i) Black's pursuit of ideas will leave him minus a Pawn if 
he takes the Et, so he plays double or quits. 



(j) Two further attempts on the defending Queen are made 
on this and the following move. 

(k) The Bishop held the key of the position. Black is at 
the end of his resources to all appearance. ''Ha manqu^ son 
coup," and must put up with a loss. 

(I) The defending Rook is self pinned and Black is enabled 
to take the Queen with impunity, winning the Rook and the 
game. 46 B takes P ch wins at once. It is curious that the 
idea I have elsewhere described (B. C. M. Feb. 1886) as 
"attacking, pinning, or otherwise disabling a defending or 
supporting piece " should have seven illustrations in one game. 


(Ruy Lopez.) 


(Mr. I. Gansberg.) 

1 P to K 4 

2 Kt to K B 3 
8 B to Kt 5 

4 P to Q 8 
6 P to B 8 

6 B to R 4 

7 P to R 4 {a) 

8 B to K Kt 5 

9 Q to K 2 

10 P takes P 

11 P takes P 

12 P takes P ch 

(Mr. E. Schallopp.) 

Kt to Q B 8 
Kt to B 3 
Kt to K 2 
Kt to Kt 8 
P to K R 4 
. Q to Kt 8 (6) 
P to Q 4 (c) 
K to Kt sq 



I. Guusberg.) (Mr. E. Schallopi),,) 
Castles {e) Q to R 8 
B to B 2 P to K 5 

B takes Kt P takes Kt 
B to K 6 ch Kt takes B 
Q takes Kt ch B to Q 8 
Q to K 4 K R to K sq 

Q to R 4 P takes P^ (/) 

R to B sq Q to Kt 8 
P to Q 4 (if) B to B 6 

Kt to R 8 
R to K sq 

Q to K B 8 (h) 
and wins. 

Notes by E. Freebobough. 

(a) The conditions are not altogether favourable for this 
advance. The enemy's Q B should be shut up first. 

(h) Commencing a counter attack at the earliest opportunity^ 
White deprecates the continuation by P to Q 4 and hopes to stop 
it by Q to K 2. 

(c) But Black is not to be stopped, and will give up three 
Pawns to bring out his Q B and Q R. It is dashing play. Herr 
Schallopp has presumably been there before and knows something 
about it. 

(d) This Bishop is most inconveniently placed from White's 
point of view. A consequence of his 7th move. 




(e) With three Pawns in hand he can afford to be liberal. 
He might risk Q Et to Q 2. Black would let in the Books upon 
his King if he went Pawn hunting. Castling is a weak move at 
the moment ; both Queen and E R Pawn lose a suppcnrter. B to 
E B would be met by B to Q B 4. 

(f) One of the prettiest offers of two Queens that has 
appeared in actual play. If Q takes Q White is mated in three 

(g) If E takes P, B to B 6 ch wins. 

(k) Another happy conception. If B takes B, B to B 7 ch, 
kc. It is a pleasure to play over a game like this, It is short* 
but play must be estimated by m^tiplying its length into its 
breadth. A Lopez long drawn out, turning perhaps on a doubled 
Pawn* simply " murders the youth in a man.*' 


(Hampe Allgaier Gambit.) 


(Mr. Gunsberg.)(Mr. Mackenzie.' 

P to E 4 
Et to Q B 8 
P takes P 
P to E Et 4 
P to E Et 5 

1 P to E 4 

2 E to Q B 8 
8 P to E B 4 
4 Et to E B 8 
6 P to E R 4 
6 Et to E Et 5 P to E R 8 
7EttakesBP E takes Et 

8 P to Q 4 

9 P takes P (a) 

10 B to B 4 ch 

11 B to E 8 

12 P to B 4 
18 P to B 5 (c) 

14 Q to Q 2 {d) 

15 B takes P 

E to Et 2 
P to E R 4 
Et takes B 




. Gunsberg.)(Mr. Mackenzie.) 
Et takes Et B takes P ch 
E to E 2 B takes B P 
EttoB8(^) BtoEt8 
QRtoEBsqBtoE 2 
E to Q sq P to Et 6 (/) 
Et to Q 5 {g) Q to Q 2 
Et to B 4 Q to Et 5 ch 
E to B sq B takes P 
E R to Et sq B to B 8 
P to Q 5 Et to E 4 

Et to E 6 ch E to B 2 
Q to B 8 E to Et 8 

B to Q 4 Et to B 6 

B takes B P to Et 7 
R takes P wins Q Resigns. 


Notes b¥ E. Freeborough. 

(a) This move is only just good enough in the Eieseritzky 
variation where the Et is not given up. The Q Et being out 
may make a little difference. It probably determines the choice 
of Et 2 for Black's Eing on the following move. 



(b) There is not much to be said for B takes P ch. The 
Pawn is not necessary for victory, and it is always a trouble to 
get the Bishop safely back again. 

(c) Too direct. 18 P to Q 6 is better. If Kt to Q E 4, 
B to Q 8 places him on a good square, and threatens to 
win the Kt by P to Q Kt 4. If then P to Q Kt 8, P to 
K R 6 threatens P to B 6, with Q to Q 2, Kt to K 2, Castles 
(Q B) and Q B to K Kt sq in reserve. He has numerous 
activities and his object should be to secure a continuance of 
those activities. 

(d) He wants this square for the King, for B takes R P ch 
is only barred by the Kt. His arrangements are put out of order 
by his last move. Black ought to win easily. 

(e) If 18 P takes B, Q takes Kt ; 19 R takes B, 
Q to B 6 ch. If 18 R takes B, B takes P ; 19 B to Kt 6, Q 
takes Kt. 

(f) His development should be completed before advancing 
the Pawn. 20 Q to Q 2 would also prevent Q to K B 2, and 
clear the way for the Queen's Rook. 

fg) If 21 B takes P, he hopes to recover by Kt to 
B 4. 

(h) An oversight. 28 Q R to K B sq has been given as the 
correct move, with the continuation : — 29 Kt takes R, R takes 
Kt ; 80 R takes B ch, R takes R ; 81 B takes Kt, R to B 6 ; 
82 Q takes P, P to R 6. Black to win ** vrith care.'' A singular 
position — a problem in how many moves ? 

Black (Mb. Maokeinzie.) 

White (Mr. Gunsbeeg) to play. 
Black to win. 




(Scotch Opening.) 


(Mr. H. E. Bird.) 

1 P to E 4 

2 Et to E B 8 

8 P to Q 4 

4 Et takes P 

5 B to E 8 

6 P to Q B 3 

9 Et to B 8 

10 P to E 5 

11 Castlea 

12 E to B sq 
18 Et to B 4 

14 Et to B 5 

15 B to B sq 

16 B to Q 8 

18 Et to Et 8 

19 B to Et sq 

20 Q to B 3 {{) 

21 E R to Q sq 

22 P takes Et 


Et to Q B 8 
P takes P 
E Et to E 2 


(Mr. PoUock.) (Mr. H. E. Bird.) 
~ " 28 Et to Q 2 (A;) 

24 R to B 8 

25 B takes P 

26 B takes Q 

27 R to Q Et (i?») 

28 R takes Et 

BtakesEt (a) 29PtoE6 

Q to Et 8 
R to Q sq (c) 
Et to B 4 
B to B sq (d) 
P to R 5 

P to Et 8 (/) 89 P to B 5 

Et to Et 5 (g) 
B to R 8 {h) 
EttoQ6 0*) 
Et takes B 

80 B to B 7 ch 

81 R to B sq 

82 Et to B 4 
88 Et to E 5 

84 Et takes B 

85 R to E B 2 

86 R to E B 4 
37 P takes R 
88 R to E Et sq 

40 R to Et 4 

41 R t^es Q P 

42 R to Q 7 
48 P to E 7 
44 R to Q sq 


(Mr. PoUock.) 
P to E B 4 (Z) 
Et takes Et P 
R takes Q 
B to Q 6 (n) 
RtoB 6 
R takes P 
R takes Et 
R takes Q P 
R takes R 
P to B 5 (o) 
RtoB 2 
RtoB 4 
R takes P 

Notes by E. Freeborough, 

fa) P to Q 4 is the book move. 

(b) He is obliged to provide against 12 B to R 5 followed by 
P to E Et 4. 

(c) With the idea of defoading the weak Q B P by R to Q 2 
until the Et can be driven off. He i& already in a little difficulty, 
owing to his Queen being shut out on the Eing^s side, and the 
possibility of having to meet an attack with four pieces and two 
pawns on Queen's i^de. He proposes to retire Q B to his square 
and wait events. 

(dj The road divides here. 14 Et takes B is the other way, 
Suppose 15 P takes Et,, B to Et 5 ; 16 B takes B (no use taking 
the Et P), P takes B threatening Q to R 3, and Black has at least 
diminislied tlie number of his adversaries. 



(e) n 17 P to K Kt 4, Kt takes B. 

(/) He finds the waiting game intolerable. 

(g) Ingenious in its resemblance to an innocent attack on 
the Q B P. If B takes P, Et takes B £md the Queen dare not 

(h) His game is clearly worthless unless he can save it by 
counter attack. 

(i) But Mr. Bird is too versed in wiles to be frightened. 
This move deprives Black of the resource Kt takes B upon which 
he has been relying for some moves^ in default of a better. 

(j) Very well if White would only take the Kt, but he is 
not likely, 

(k^' If23RtoB8, QtoKS, 

(I) He might play 23 Q to R 4, for if 24 B takes Kt he is 
not compelled to exchange Queena. He could hardly hope for 
anything better than to get out of the comphcation without loss, 
and with his Q B P protected. 

(m) This resource wins a piece, more by good luck than 
good management it would seem. 

(n) 31 B to B 6 ch wins the exchange. The Bishop, how- 
ever, is evidently at a premium in the estimation of both players. 

(o) Throwing away his last chance, not a good one at the 
best. This is a good game :• the two players do very well together, 
and bring out each other's points. 


(King's Gambit Declined.) 



(Mr.Blackbume) (Mr. 
lPtoK4 PtoK4 

2 P to K B 4 B to B 4 

3 Kt to Q B 3 («) P to Q 3 

4 Kt to K B 3 

5 P to K R 8 

6 Q takes B 

7 P to B 5 (6) 

8 B to B 4 

9 Kt to K 2 (d) 

10 P to Q 3 

11 P to Q B 3 

12 B to Q Kt 8 

B to K Kt 5 
B takes Kt 
Kt to K B 3 
P to Q R 3 (c) 
Kt to B 8 
Q to Q 2 (e) 
P to K R 3 
Kt to K 2 



Mortimer) (Mr. Blackbume) (Mr. Mortimer) 

13 B to K 8 B takes B 

14 Q takes B Q to B 2 

16 Cstls,(KR)(^) Castles (K R) 

17 Kt to Kt 3 Q Kt to Kt sq 

18 R to B 2 (i) 

19 K to R sq 

20 P to B 6 (i) 

21 Kt to B 5 

Kt to R 2 
Q Kt takes P 
Q to Q sq (k) 

22 R to K Kt sq Kt to Kt sq 

23 P to K R 4 P to K B 3 (0 

24 P to Kt 6 B P takes P 



25 P takes P 

26 B to R 2 

27 Kt takes Kt 

28 R takes P 

29 Q to R 8 
80 R takes P 

P takes P 
Kt to R 8 {m) 
P takes Kt 
Q to K 2 (n) 
B to B 8 ch 

81 Q takes R Q takes B 
82RtoR2 QtoK2 

88 B to B 7 (o) B to K B sq 

84 B takes Kt ch K takes R 

85 Q to B 5 ch K to B sq 
White mates in three moves. 

Notes bt E. Freebobouoh. 

(a) He thus transposes the opening into the Vienna Game ; 
or Calabrois Counter Gambit with the advantage of having the 
•Q Kt out. 

(b) Laying the foundation for a further advance of the side 

(c) He is equally sohcitous three moves later about the 
King^s side. As a consequence the only service his Queen's Book 
renders him throughout the game is to stand and wait. 

(d) This line of play is advised by Mr. Steinitz. 

(ej 9 Kt to Q B 4 might come in here to get rid of the K B, 
which plays an important part in the future of the gome. 

(f) Leading to the inference that he proposes to castle on 
the same side as his opponent. The main idea is of course to 
advance his Q P but White anticipates. 

(g) High art. Not only stopping Black's Q P but also 
inducing him to believe that he may safely follow suit. 

(h) After Black's 14th move there is no time to be lost. 
Black will defend with his Kts, but there is scarcely space for 
their compUcated evolutions. 

(i) Characteristic of an old hand. 

(j) Having massed his men he must go on whatever 

(kj The helplessness of Black's Queen shows that his conduct 
of the game has been faulty. 

(I) He would like to play P to K Kt 8, but it is not good 
enough when one comes to examine it. 

(m) Apparently disgusted with the incapacity of his Kts. 
He is, however, in serious difficulties. 

(n) The sort of game that follows is one in which Mr. 
Blackbume is unsurpassed by any Hving player. Here Black 
might have played B to B 5, in which case 80 B takes B, 
P takes B ; 81 B to Kt 8, &c. 

(o) Initiating a mate in six; a move of full problem 




(French Defence.) 


(Mr. Pollock.) (Mr. Blackbume. 

lPtoK4 PtoKS 

2 P to K 5 (a) P to K B 3 (6) 

3PtoQ4 PtoQB4 

4 B to Q 8 P to K Kt 8 

5 P to K R 4 (c) P to B 4 (d) 
" B to K 2 (6) 

6 B to K Kt 5 

7 B takes B 

8 Kt to Q R 8 

9 Kt to Kt 6 

10 Q to Q 2 

11 Kt to Q 6 

12 Kt to B 3 
18 P to B 8 

14 P takes P 

15 Castles Q R 
IGKttoKtSch KtoKtsq 

17 K to Kt sq B to Kt 2 

18 B to B 4 

19 Kt to Q 6 

20 Kt takes B 

21 P to Q 6 {g) 

22 B takes P 

28 B takes Kt ch P takes B 
24 P to K 6 Kt to R 2 

26 K R to K sq R to K sq 

26 Q to B 4 Q to Q B 2 

27 Q to Q 4 Q to Kt 2 {h) 

Q takes B 
P takes P 
K to Q sq 
Kt to Q B 8 
P to Kt 8 
P to K R 8 
Q to Kt 2 

Kt to B sq 
K takes Kt 
P takes P 
K R to R 2 



'. Pollock.) (Mr. Blackburne.) 

QtoQB4 QtoB8 

RtoQ6 RtoQB2 

Kt to K 5 (i) P to Q Kt 4 

Kt to Q 7 (/) Q to Kt 2 

Q to B 5 Kt to B sq 

R to Q B sq R takes P (A;) 

R takes R Q takes Kt 

R takes Kt P Q to Q 6 ch 

Q to B 2 Q to Q 4 

R takes RP Kt to Kt 3 

R to B 6 Kt to B 5 

Rtks.KBP(Z) Q takes P 

R to Kt 5 
Qto B8 
K to R sq 
R to Kt 6 
P takes Q 
P takes Kt 
R to R sq 
P to B 7 ch 

Q to Kt 2 
Q to R sq 
Kt to Q 7 ch 
Kt to K 5 (m) 
Q takes R 
Kt takes Q 
K to Q sq 
K to K sq 

R to K sq ch Resigns. 

Notes by C. E. Ranken. 

(a) Apparently a little bit of Steinitz, but really a move of 
the ** auld lang syne.'* 

{h) We prefer P to Q 4, and if P takes P, to retake with the 
Q P instead of the K B. 

(c) This would be unsound were it played in a similar 
position of the P and move opening ; how much more then in an 
even match game, in which Black retains his K B P ? 

(d) The simple answer P takes Q P is also the best, 
threatening Q to R 4 ch, &c. 




{e) Q to Et 8 is the correct play here : hy exchanging 
Bishops Black lets in the adverse Q Et presently, which compels 
him to move his Eing. 

(/) Taking the Q P would be imsonnd, e.g. Et takes Q P, 
15 Et takes Et, Q takes P ch ; 16 B to E 4, E to E 2 or B to 
B 2 ; 17 Et to B 8, &c. 

(g) Finely played. Black dared not reply with Et takes P 
on account of 22 Et takes Et, Q takes Et ; 28 E B to E sq, Q to 
B 8 ; 24 P takes P, with a strong attack. 

%) Fearing Q to B 6. 

[i) White has now acquired an unassailable passed Pawn, 
and a winning position. To this advance of the Et there is no 
good reply. 

(j) Again an excellent move, for if P takes Q, White's 
chances of queening his Pawn, as well as of winning one, would 
be much increased. (See Diagram.) 

(k) This is forced, for he cannot otherwise defend his E B P, 
since of course he cannot move his Et, 

(Z) Q takes P looks somewhat stronger. 

(m) The British Hon stands bravely at bay, but his skilful 
opponent is one too many for him this time; of course Mr. 
Pollock could now save the loss of the exchange, if he wished it, 
by Q to E B 8, but he cleverly adopts a more direct road to 

Position after White's 81st move. 
Black (Mb. Blackbubme.) 

White (Mb. Pollock.) 




(Two Knights' Defence.) 


(Mr. A. Bum.) (Herr Schallopp.) 

1 P to K 4 

2 Kt to K B 3 
8 B to B 4 

4 P to Q 8 (a) 

5 P takes P 

6 Castles 

7 R to K sq (c) 

8 P to Q 4 

Kt to Q B 8 
Kt to K B 8 
P to Q 4 (b) 
Kt takes P 
P to K B 8 
P takes P 
Kt to K 4 

9 Kt takes P 

10 R takes Kt (d) P takes R 

11 Q to R 5 ch K to B sq {e) 

12 Q takes P Kt to Kt 8 

14 Q to K R 6 Q to K 2 (^) 

15 Kt to K B 8 B to K 8 


(Mr. A. Bum.) (Herr Schallopp.) 

16 Kt to Q B 8 R to Q sq 

17 B to K 8 Kt to B sq (h) 

18 B to B 5 Kt to Q 8 

19 R to K sq Q to B 2 

20 KttQKKt5(i) B takes Kt 

21 Q takes B R to K sq 

22 B to Q R 4 B to Q 2 

28 R takes R ch Q takes R (j) 

24 B takes Kt ch P takes B 

26 Q to B 4 ch K to Kt sq (k) 
26BtoKt8ch BtoK8 

27 Q to K 4 P to K R 4 

28 B takes B ch K to B sq 

29 Q to B 4 ch Resigns. 

Notes by C. E. Ranken. 

(a) In accordance with Mr. Bum's quiet style, and avoiding 
the intricacies of the book opening. 

{b) The objection to this move is that it leaves the K P 
a mark for attack, and only to be defended with the K B P. 
It were better to turn the game into a Giuoco Piano bv 
B to B 4. ^ 

^ (c) Mr. Burn loses no time in attacking the weak point, and 
quickly obtains a decided- advantage of position. 

(d) A bold, but perfectly sound sacrifice. 

(e) HP to Kt 8, 11 Q takes K P, Kt to B 8, 12 B to R 6, 
winning back the exchange. 

(/) The B should retire to Q 8, for now Black can force the 
exchange of Queens by P to B 4, compelling White to play Q to 
K 6 in order to save the loss of a piece. 

{g) P to Kt 8 would expose his K to a very dangerous 

(h) B to B 2 is perhaps preferable. 

(i) Pretty, but unsound, for suppose now Q takes Q, 21 Kt 
takes B ch, K to K 2, 22 Kt takes Kt P dis ch, Q to K 4, and 
White will come out with the loss of a double exchange for two 
Pawns. He had, however, no option but to play thus or submit 
to some exchanges to the detriment of his attack. (See Diagram.) 



Position after Whites 20tb move. 
Black (Herb Schallopp.) 


^ Hi ■ ■ 

Si HP 




5».„ .K^.„^„ ^M 



White (Mr. Burn.) 

(j) Herr Schallopp should have retaken with the K, which 
would have got him, we believe, out of all his difficulties. His 
play in this game is much below his real strength. 

(A;) This is suicidal. K to K 2 would have obHged White to 
draw by perpetual check. 

Played between the winners of the third and fourth prizes. 

(Centre Gambit.) 


<(M. Taubenhaus.) (Mr. I. Gonsberg.) 

P takes P 
Kt to B 3 
Castles (6) 
E to E sq 

1 P to K 4 

2 P to Q 4 
8 Q takes P 
4 Q to E 8 
6 B to Q 2 (a) 

6 Et to Q B 3 

7 Castles 

8PtoER3(c) BtoEt6 
9QtoEt5(d) Et takes P 

10 Q takes Q 

11 Et takes Et 

12 P to Q B 3 

13 B to Q 8 

14 P to Q Et 4 
16EtoEt2(/) PtoQB3 
16 Et to B 3 P to Q 4 

Et takes Q 
B takes Et 
R to Q R 5 (^) 
B takes B P 


(M. Taubenhaus.) (Mr. I.Gunsberg.) 
17 E R to B sq B to Et 6 

18 Et to Q 4 

19 Et to Et 3 

20 B to E B 4 

21 R takes B 

22 B to B 2 
28 Et takes P 
24 E takes R 
26 P takes P 

26 R to Q R 4 

27 R takes P 

P to Q Et 8 
B takes B 
B to E 8 {h) 
R takes RPch 
P takes Et 
R to B sq 
R takes P 
R takes P 
R to B 3 (*) 

28 B to Et 8 

29 B takes P (j) R to Q 8 
80 R to R 5 Et to B 8 
31 R to R 8 ch Et to Q sq 
82 R to R 5 Et to B 3 

And the game was given up as drawn. 

Notes by C. E. Rankkn. 

(«) B to E 2 IB the usual move, threatening P to K 5, and 
practically compelling Black to shut in his B by F to Q 8. 

(b) He could also safely play P to Q 4. 

(c) Loss of time ; he should defend bis E F by P to B 8. 
P to Q B 8 would be a source of subsequent weakness, and Kt to 
Q 6 was also unsound. 

(d) The P cannot be saved now, for if P to B 8, the answer 
is P to Q 4. 

(«) Prompted by the greed of another Pawn, but it was a 
bad move, though leading to an interesting continuation. 

(/) Much better than winning the exchange by B to Q Et 5 
and E to Et sq, which would have given Black more than an 
equivalent for his Book. 

(g) The annotator in the Standard juatly remarks that Black 
missed the opportimity here to liberate his imprisoned Book, and 
probably to win the game by P to Q R 4. 

(ftj B to B 8 was undoubtedly stronger, preventing the line 
of action which White now takes. 

(t) A good move which exercises a great influence on the 
fortunes of the game. 

(j) Grafiping too soon at the coveted prize ; he ought first 
to have played E to B 8, after which he could take the Pawn 
with impunity. 

Position after Black's S2nd move. 
Blaos (Mb. GnNSBERO.) 

Whiie (M. Tavbenuaus.) 




Final game in the tie match between Messrs. Blackbume and 
Bum, by which the former obtained the first prize. 

(Scotch Gambit.) 


(Mr. Blackbume.) 

1 P to K 4 

2 Et to E B 8 

4 Et takes P 

5 Et to Et 6 

6 B to E 2 (6) 

7 Castles 

8 Et to Q B 8 

9 Et to Q 2 

10 Q Et to E 4 

11 B to E sq 

12 B to E B 4 
18 B to R 5 

14 B takes EtP(^) 

15 Et takes P 


(Mr. Bom.) 
Et to Q B 8 
P takes P 
Q to R 5 (a) 
Q takes EPch 
E to Q sq 
P to Q R 8 
Q to E sq (c) 
PtoEEt4 (e) 
P takes B 
Et to Et 8 


(Mr. Blackbume.) (Mr. Bum.) 

16 Et to Q 5 (h) E Et to E 4 

17 R to E 4 Q to Et 4 

18 P to Q B 4 (i) Q takes Et P 

19 R to Et sq Q to R 6 

20 P to B 4 

21 Et to R 8 

23 R to Et 8 

24 P takes Et 

25 Q to E B sq 

B to B 4 ch 
P to Q 8 ij) 
Et takes P 
B takes Et 

26 Q to B 6 ch 

27 QtoEt7ch(A:) E to B 8 
28EttoE7ch E to Q 2 

And the game was drawn. 

Notes bt E. C. Ranken. 

(^i^ We now consider Et to E B 8 the best defence to the 
Scotcn Gambit. 

(b) The favourite and more modem continuation is B to E 8, 
by which White obtains a decided advantage if Black then checks 
with the B, and on the Pawn interposing, retires it to R 4. If, 
however, he at once plays E to Q sq, the text move seems as 
good as the other. 

(c^ It is difficult to know where to get any shelter for the Q 
in this defence. 

(d) We should prefer B to Et 5, in order to get rid of one of 
the Ets, which are troublesome customers in this form of the 

(e) And here Et to Et 8, followed by B to Et 5, seems 
stronger for the same reason. 

(/) If Q to Et 2 now, White could reply with Et to B 5 ; 
but At to Et 8 appears to be the correct course. 

(g) A perfectly sound sacrifice. 

(h) Mr. Blackbume afterwards pointed out that he should 
have played here B takes Et, and then Et to Q 5, forcing the 



(i) White could now win the Q by Kt to K 6 ch, followed by 
Et to B 8 dis ch, and it is one of the curious features of this 
tourney that he never saw it. (See Diagram.) 

(j) As the Kt cannot escape, it would be better, one would 
think, to take the Q B P. 

(k) He would probably win by P takes B, but having regard 
to the exhaustion of previous hard work, he was well content to 
draw, knowing that it would make no difference to hiyn in the 

Position after Black's 17th move. 

Black (Mr. Bubn.) 

White (Mr. Blaceburne.) 


(Ruy Lopez.) 



(Mr. A. Bum) (Mr. S. Lipschutz) (Mr. A. Bum) (Mr. S. Lipschutz) 

2 Et to E B 8 
8 B to Q Et 5 
4 P to Q 8 
6 Et to B 8 (b) 

6 B to B 4 (c) 

7 Castles 

8 P to Q 4 (d) 

9 Q takes P 

Et to Q B 8 
Et to B 8 
Et to E 2 (a) 
P to Q B 8 
Et to Et 8 
P takes P 



10 P to E 5 Et to E sq 

11 Et to E 4 ? P to Q 4 

12 P tks P en pas Et takes P 
18 Et takes Et Q takes Et 

14 Q to B 8 

15 B takes B 

16 R to E sq 

17 B to K 8 (e) 

Q takes B 
E R to Q sq 

18 Q to Et 8 (/) Q takes Q 



19 B P takes Q 

20 P to B 8 

21 B to Et 6 

22 P to Q Et 4 
28 Q B to Q sq 

24 P to B 4 (^r) 

25 B to B 7 

26 B takes B 

27 B to E 6 

28 Et takes B 

29 B takes B ch 

80 E to B sq 

81 E to E 2 

82 E to E 8 

B takes B 
Et to E 8 
B takes B 
B to Q sq 
Et takes B 
E toBsq 
E toQ8 

88 E to E 4 {h) 

84 P takes P ch 

85 E to Q 8 

86 Et to Q 7 

87 E to Q 4 

88 E to Q 5 

89 Et to E 5 

40 Et to Q 8 ch 

41 Et to B sq ch 

42 Et to B 7 

43 Kt to Et 4 

44 Et takes Et 

45 E takes P 

46 Besigns. 

E takes P 
E to Et 5 
E to Et 6 
E takes P 
P to Q B 4 
E to Et 6 
E to Et 7 
Et to B 8 
P takes Et ch 

Notes bt E. Fbeebobouoh. 

(a) There ought to be a penalty attached to Black's early 
declaration in favour of Eing's side, or White's last move is a 
mistake. He has a continuation by 5 B to Q B 4 and 6 Et to 
Et 5, but the reply 5 P to Q B 8 reduces it to a transposition of 
moves. If he tries to make more of it he will only help Black's 
development. 6 B to Q B 4, P to QB8; 6PtoQB8,EttoEt8; 
7 Q to Et 8, P to Q 4 ; 8 P takes P, P takes P ; 9 Bch, B to Q 2; 
10 B to E Et 5, B takes B ; 11 B takes Et, P takes B ; 12 Q takes B, 
Q to Q 2 ; 18 Q takes Q, E takes Q, &e. 

(h) The subsequent play suggests the idea that either P to 
Q B 8 or Q Et to Q 2 is the proper move at this point. If 5 Q Et 
to Q 2, Et to Et 8 ; 6 Et to B sq, &c. 

(c) The opening is now a Giuoco Piano, or Hungarian 
game, with White a move behind. After either of the moves 
named in note {h) White might preserve the individuality of the 
Lopez opening by playing 6 B to B 4. 

(d) Probably the wrong Pawn to advance at present. If 
right there was no need to move it one step at a time. The 
E B Pawn looks more likely, especially as it is not pinned by 
the adverse E B, as is usual in the Giuoco Piano. 

(e) So far White has kept the lead with a little effort, but 
he is now used up owing to his Q Book not being in a position to 
help him. His own Q B stops the way. 

(f) He shrinks &om a duel with the heavy pieces in this 
position, but he would hardly expect to lose the game through 
doubling a Pawn on his Q Et's file. The interest now is to see 
how he manages it. 



(g) His Pawns were self-supporting and Black could not 
well avoid undoubling them. They are now dislocated, and if 
attacked can only be defended by the pieces — ^which is wrong. 
Nor is it justified by the object. 

(h) Here is the oversight ; 83 Kt to Q 8 is called for. The 
rest is detail. This game, although simple in plot and con- 
struction, is useful as a lesson in the opening, and also in the 
end game. 


(Buy Lopez.) 


(Mr. J. Mortimer.) (Mr. H. E. Bird.) 

lPtoK4 PtoK4 

2 Kt to K B 8 Kt to Q B 8 
8 B to Kt 6 Kt to Q 5 

4 Kt takes Kt (a) P takes Kt 

6 Castles 

6 P to Q 8 (6) 


8 P to K B 4 

9 P takes P 

10 B to Kt 6 ch 

11 B to E 4 

12 Kt to Q 2 {d) 
18 Kt to B 8 {e) 
14 P to K Kt 8 
16 B to Kt 8 

16 B to Q 2 

17 Q to K sq 

18 B takes B 

19 P to Kt 4 {h) 

20 P to R 4 

21 Q to K B sq 

22 B to Kt 8 

P to K R 4 
P to Q B 8 
P takes P 
K to B sq (c) 
Kt to K 2 
Q to R 4 (/) 
B to K Kt 6 
Q toR8 
B takes Kt 
P to Q R 4 
Kt to Kt 8 
R to K sq 

(Mr. J. Mortimer.) 

28 R to K sq 

24 B takes R {%) 

25 Q to B 8 

26 B to Q 5 

27 B to K 4 0') 

28 B takes Kt 

29 Q to K 2 

80 R takes Q 

81 R to B 8 

82 K to B sq 
88 R takes R ch 
84 K to Kt sq 
86 R to Q B 2 

86 R to B 8 

87 R to K 8 ch 

88 R to K 4 

89 R takes P 

40 R to K 4 

41 R takes B ch 

42 K to B 2 
48 K takes Q 

Resigns. (A;) 


(Mr. H. E. Bird.) 
P takes B 
Q takes P 
Q takes P 
P takes B 
Q takes Q 
R takes P ch 
R takes P 
B takes R 
K to Kt 5 
K takes R 

Notes by E. Freeborough. 

{a) White may get a good and regular game by retiring 
with B to B 4. So long as the Bishop stands on Kt 5 Black can 
gain a move whenever it suits him to push on his Q P or Q Kt P, 


( b) The nsnal programme in the Lopez is to castle early 
and advance the K B P, keeping one or both Bishops on Q's side 
for attacking purposes. White carries it out in due course, but 
the irregular character of Mr. Bird's defence calls for a different 
style of treatment. The attack is up the King's file, and the 
Bishops are wanted for defensive purposes on K's side. From 
this point of view B to K 2 should come in here ; 6 P to Q 8 
blocks the Bishop out of the play for twenty moves in this 

(c) Part of Mr. Bird's plan. White is obliged to move his 
Bishop again, and so let Black take the attack. 

(d) He has to provide againstKt to B 4, B to Kt 5, and P 
to B 5. The choice of a move good enough to meet all these 
contingencies is certainly embarrassing, and merits sympathetic 
attention. The final decision rests between the move actually 
made, B to K sq, and Q to K sq. 

(e) Black has abandoned B , to Et 5 for the moment, but 
White has still a difficult choice between Kt to K B 8, Kt to Q Kt 8, 
Q to B 8, and P to K B 8. It is not clear that he hits upon the 
best move this time ; his scarcity of minor pieces on K's side 
must be taken into account. 

(/) A temporary square for the Queen, while he brings out 
his pieces on Q's side. Both players here and there leave Httle 
detiuls to fortune. 

(g) Anticipating Q to K 5. 

(h) Black's vagaries with his Queen have given White time 
for a free move, and B to Kt 4 suggests itself. The same thought 
is in Mr. Bird's mind, as is shown by his subtle offer of a Pawn 
on the following move. White's play provides an opening for a 
fresh attack. 

( i ) 24 B takes B, P takes B ; 25 B takes K P, B takes P ; 
26 Q to B 2 and White has as good a game as he can expect. I 
begin to sympathise with the other side. 

(j ) in possible reply to some soUtary student I may say 
that 27 B takes B P has not been overlooked. Mr. Bird finishes 
the game with the skill of a grand old master; impelling an 
apparently free Book to immolate himself with the best inten- 
tions. Ml. Mortimer's motives are well worth examining, never- 
theless it would be *' holding a farthing candle to the sun " to 
explain them in detail. 

(k) This game is a good specimen of Mr. Bird's variation, 
and shows the strength of his combination P to K B 4 and 
K to B sq with the doubled centre Pawns to ward off diagonal 



END-GAME.— p. 801, 

Black (Mb. H. C.) 

White (Mr. Womersley.) 
White to play and win. 

This position has proved a difficult and interesting Chess Nat 
to many of our readers ; various methods have been suggested for 
its solution, but all without success. The author's plan is as 
follows : — 

1 B to B 6 ch, K to B 2 (if K to K sq then 2 B to K 4 wins); 
2 B to Q B 8, B takes P (A. B. C. D.)'» 8 K to B 6, Bto Ktsq; 
4 B to K 6, B to R 2; 5 K to Kt 6 foUowed by K to R 6 wins. 

A. 2..., B to K 2 ; 8 B to K 6 ch, B to Q 8, (a) ; 4 B takes 
B, K takes B; 5 K to B 6, B takes P ; 6 B to Kt 6, B to Kt sq ; 
7 B to B 7, B to R 2 ; 8 K to Kt 5 followed by K to R 6 wins. 
(a) 8..., K to Q sq ; 4 B to K 4, B takes P ; 6 K to R 7, B to 
K 8 (if K to Q 2; 6 B to B 5 ch) ; 6 P queens ch, B takes Q ; 

7 K takes B, P to B 6 (if K to K sq ; 8 B to Q B 7 wins) ; 

8 K to B 7, B to Kt 4 ; 9 K to K 6, P to B 6 ; 10 K to Q 5 
(if B takes P, B to B 5 draws), K to Q 2 ; 11 B to B 6 ch, K to 
Q sq ; 11 K to B 6 wins. 

B. 2..., B to K B 6 ; 8 K to B 6, B to R 8 (threatening to 
draw by sacrificing B for Kt P) (6) ; 4 K to K 7, B to Kt 4 ch 
(if B to B 5, then 5 B to K 6, &c,) ; 6 K to B 8, B takes P ; 

6 B to K 5 (ch), K to Q sq ; 7 P queens, &c. as in (a 6). 6 8..., 
K to Q 8 ; 4 B to Kt 6, B to R 8 (if B to Kt 6, then at 6 K to 
Kt 6, &c.) ; 5 B to B 7, B to R 2 ; 6 B to K 5 ch, K to Q 2 ; 

7 P queens, &c. as before. 



C. 2..., B to K Kt 6 ; 3 B to K 4, B takes P ; 4 B to Q B 6, 
B to Q 6 ch (ci ca c8) ; 6 K to B 6, B to R 6 ch (if B to 
Q B 5, then 6 B to K 5 ch, 7 K takes B, 8 B to Q 6, &c.); 6 K to 
K 6, B to R 2 ; 7 B to K 6 ch, K moves ; 8 K to B 7, B to Kt 4 ; 
9 P Queens as in a. (c^) 4..., B to Kt sq; 6 B to K 8, B to Q B 5 ; 
6BtoB7, BtoQ6ch; 7KtoR5, BtoR2; 8KtoR6 wins, 
(c*) 4..., K to Q 3 ; 6 B to K B 6, B to Q 6 ch; 6K to B 7, B to 
B 6 ch ; 7 K to B 8, B to K B 6 (if K to B 2, then 8 B to K 8, &c.) ; 
8BtoQ8, BtoR3;9B takes P and wins, (c^) 4..., B to 
K B 5 (if B to K R 6 ; then 6 B to K 6, K to Q sq ; 6 K to R 7, 
&c.) ; 6 B to K 8, K to Q 3 ; 6 B to B 7, B to Q 6 ch ; 7 K to 
B 6, B to R 2 ; 8 B to Q B 4, B to Kt 6 ; 9 K to Kt 6 as in A, 
if 8 ..., any other; 9 B to K 5 and continue as in preceding 

D. 2 ... , K to Q sq ; 3 K to B 6, B to K 2 ch ; 4 K to K 5, 
K to B 2 ; 6 B to K 6, B to R 2 ; 6 K to Q 6 ; B to Kt 4 (d); 
7 B to K 5, K to Q sq ; 8 K to B 6, B to K 5 ; 9 B to Q 5 and 
wins, (d) 6..., B to Q 3 ; 7 B to K 5, B takes B ; 8 K takes B, 
K to Q sq ; 9 K to B 6, K to K sq ; 10 K to Kt 5, K to K 2 ; 

11 K to R 6 wins. 

The following ingenious attempts have some pretty points 
that may interest our readers ; the main lines only are given : — 

By ** G. W. L."— 1 B to K 4, B takes P ; 2 B to B 6 ch (y), 
K to B 2 ; 3 K to B 6, (^ «) B to Kt sq ; 4 B to K 5, B to 
R 2 ch ; 6 K to B 6, B takes B ; 6 K takes B, K to Q sq ; 7 B to 
K 4, B to Kt sq ; 8 B to Q 5, B to R 2 ; 9 K to B 6 wins ; this 
method is frustrated by 4..., P to B 5; 6..., P to B 6 ; 7..., 
K to Q 2. 

X »* G. B. F." and others continue 3KtoR7, BtoB6; 
4 P Queens, B takes Q ; 6 K takes B, B to Q 3 ; 6 K to B 7, K to 
B sq ; 7 K to K 8, B to B 2 ; 8 B to Kt 7, K to Kt sq ; 9 K to 
Q 7, B to B 5 ; 10 B to Q 6, B to B 2 ; 11 B to K 7, B to B 5 ; 

12 B to Q 8, B to Kt 6 ; 13 K to B 6, B to B 6 ; 14 B takes P, 
P takes B ; 15 K takes P, B to B 2 ; 16 K to B 6 wins ; frustrated 
by 13..., P to B 5 ; 15..., B to B 7 ; draws. 

y ** L. E. W." and others continue 3 K to R 7, B to B 5 ; 
4 K to R 8, B to Q 3 ; 5 B to R 7, B to K B 6 ; 6 B to Kt 8, 
B takes B ; 7 K takes B, B to R 3 ; 8 B to K 6 ch, K to B sq ; 
9 K to B 2, B takes P ; 10 K takes B and wins ; continued, how- 
ever, 10..., P to B 5 ; 11 K to B 2, P to B 6 ; 12 B takes P, 
K to Kt sq draws. 

z ** J. Y." and others continue 3 B to K 8, B to Q 6 ch ; 
4 K to R 6, B to Q B 6 ; 5 K to R 7, B to K B 6 ; 6 B to Kt 6, 
K to Q 2 ; 7 K to R 8, K to B sq; 8 B to Q 3, B to Q 4 ; 9 B to 
R 7, B to R 3 ; 10 B to K 5, B to Q B 5 ; 11 P Queens, B takes 
Q ; 12 K takes B, followed by B to K B 5 and wins ; frustrated 


by 9 ..., B to Q B 6, if now 10 B to Kt 8, B takes B ; 11 K takes 
B, B to B 8 ; 12 Any, B takes P and draws. 

Originally the end was played in this form : 1 E to B 5, E to 
E sq; 2 E to Et 4, E to B 2; 8 B to B 8, E to E sq ; 4 E to B 8 
(Black returned to Q B 2 and played waiting moves), 5 E to E 2; 
6 E to Q sq ; 7 E to B 2 ; 8 E to Et 8 ; 9 B to E 4 ; 10 B to 
Q 6, B to R 2 ; 11 P Queens, B takes Q; 12 B takes B; 18 B to 
Q 6 ; 14 E to B 2 ; 15 E to Q 8 ; 16 E to E 4 ; 17 E to B 6, 
E to E 2 ; 18 B to B 6 ch, E to Q 2 ; 19 B to B 6 ch, E to B 2, 
20 E to E 6, B to R 7 ; 21 E to E 7 ; 22 E to E 8 i 28 B to 
Q 8 ch, E to Et sq ; 24 E to Q 7 ; 26 B to Et 7 ; 26 E to B 6 ; 
27 B takes P, P takes B ; 28 E takes P, B to B 2 ch ; 29 E takes 
P, E to R 2 ; 80 E to B 6, B to Q sq ; 81 P to B 6, B to R 4 ; 
82 P to Et 6 ch, B takes P ; 83 P takes B ch, E to Et sq ; 
84 P to R 7 mate : but Mr. H. 0. might have drawn by 7. . . , B to 
Et 6 ; 8 ..., E to Q 8 ; 9..., B to E 4 ; then 10 B to Q 6 or 
B takes B for White draws only. 



The second annual congress of the British Chess Association 
commenced on Monday the 12th July, in the Victoria Hall of 
the Criterion, Piccadilly. The proceedings included a Master 
Tourney open to the world, an Amateur Championship Tourney, 
a Tennyson Tourney, a Ruskin Tourney, and Problem and Solu- 
tion Tourneys. There were further to be a competition for the 
Club Cup, an exhibition of blindfold play, a contest at four handed 
Chess and other attractions, but it was found impossible to bring 
these latter within the bounds which time laid down for the 
existence of the Congress, so they, 'per force, stand adjourned. The 
Victoria Hall is most commodious for the purpose of a Chess 
Congress and has already served that purpose, as the great Inter- 
national Tourney pf 1888 was held therein. The arrangements 
for the present meeting followed very much those adopted in 
1888. The Master tournament was played in a roped-in 
enclosure towards the northern side of the spacious room, whilst 
the remainder of the apartment was used for the amateur players 
and for spectators. The whole proceedings passed off in admirable 
style and the general arrangements and superintendence reflect 
the greatest credit upon the managing committee. These con- 
sisted of Mr. A. Ashton, Capt. A. S. Beaumont, the Hon. J. C. 
St. Clair, Mr. H. G. Gwinner, Mr. L. Hoffer, Mr. W. A. Lindsay, 


W. H. Mackeson, Q.C., Mr. Geo. Ne^vnes, M.P., and Mr. W. B. 
Woodgate. The drawing for opponents was worked out by Mr. 
W. H. Gubison ^Treasurer^ on a system whereby each player had 
the first move in one half the games he played. The players 
who entered for the Master Tournament were Messrs. H. E. Bird, 
J. H. Blaokbume, A. Bum, I. Gunsberg, J. Mason, J. Mortimer, 
W. H. E. Pollock, and J. H. Zukertort, representing England, 
Messrs. J. M. Hanham, 8. Lipschutz, and G. H. Mackenzie, 
representing America, Mons. J. Taubenhaus representing France, 
and Herr E. Schallopp representing Germany. The Bev. A. B. 
Skipworth intended joining but could not commence to play till 
Tuesday the 18th, and it was found impossible to include hrm in 
the Ust. Herr Louis Paulsen was also partly expected to put in 
an appearance but could not do so, whilst business prevented 
Herren Biemann and Fritz from adding to the strength of the 
German section, and ill health operated as a bar to the presence 
of Mons. Rosenthal as an additional representative of la belle 
France. Notwithstanding these unavoidable absences the list of 
players is a strong one ; the English contingent especially so. 
Many of the players are. world-femious and it is therefore un- 
necessary to say one word concerning them or their deeds in 
Chess, but on the other hand the list includes some players who 
are not so well known to the general Chess world. Mr. Bum 
may be mentioned in this connection, for though he is a player 
of many years standing, yet he has done so little in Chess of late 
years that his name to many will doubtless be quite new. 
Some fifteen years ago he was recognised as a very strong amateur 
player, and by his metropolitan practice gave every sign that he 
possessed rightful claims to be placed amongst the highest 
English masters of the day. Since then he has been out of the 
country, but on his return he has been a member of the strong 
Liverpool Club, of which he is looked upon as one of the strongest 
players. His late drawn match with Mr. Bird is still fresh in 
people's memories. Those who actually knew Mr. Bum's real 
strength felt assured that he would make a ''show" in the 
present Tourney, and his tieing with Blackbume for first 
and second prizes has amply justified their opinion. Mr. Pollock 
is a rising amateur who is fast making his mark as a player. He 
took part in last year's B.C.A. Tourney, coming out fourth prize- 
winner. Since then he has made considerable progress and is 
now nearly — ^if not quite — P and move stronger than in 1885. 
He possesses great originality of style with good position-judg- 
ment, and is in every way a valuable addition to the Engli^ 
section. Mr. S. Lipschutz is also a young and rising player. 
He is the champion of the New York Chess Club and brings 
with him a good record. Major Hanham is in like manner the 


champion of the Manhattan Chess Club and is looked upon as 
being a strong and steady player. Mons. Taubenhaus made bis 
first appearance as a master in last year's Hamburg meeting. 
He there won Mr. Lewis's prize for the most brilliant game 
though he did not otherwise come in a winner. Since then he 
has, like PoUock, made considerable progress, and great hopes 
were indulged in in Paris that the first prize would be brought 
thither in his hands. The list of entrants for the Amateur 
Championship Tourney also embraced most of the strong London 
amateurs players including Messrs. Anger, Donisthorpe, Gattie, 
Guest, Hooke, Hunter, Jacobs, Mills, and Wainwright. In the 
Tourney for the Tennyson prize the favourite was the Rev. G. A. 

Punctually at the appointed time play commenced in the 
Master Tourney on Monday the 12th July and continued from 
day to day till Thursday the 29th July, when the final tie games 
were fini^ed and the prizes awarded. It is of course impossible 
in our somewhat limited space to go through the play day by 
day, and we shall therefore briefly review the principal perform- 
ances of the various players and their fluctuating fortunes as the 
Tourney proceeded. 

First of all comes Blaoebubne the great English master, and 
first prize-winner ! Who can remember a tourney wherein 
Blackbume's name appeared, without his being amongst the fore- 
most at the conclusion of the play ? Other masters have done 
better at particular toumejs but not one has a better record 
taking all his tourney play mto account. Curiously enough, too, 
he generally begins his score badly by losing or drawing a game. 
It was so at Berlin when he lost the first game to Mason and 
then made that magnificent run which gave him the first prize. 
It was so in the 1888 London Tourney when he drew with Sell- 
man the first day and with Mackenzie on the second, and lost to 
Mackenzie when the draw came to be played off, though he then 
beat Sellman and yet came in a good third. It was so in the late 
British Chess Club Tourney when he drew the first game with 
Bird, and then won all the rest, coming out first prize-winner. 
He was fated in the present tourney to encounter a like mishap for 
he lost his first game to Pollock and the third to Taubenhaus. 
Two games down out of three was not a promising start, how- 
ever he lost no more games, the only further damage to his score 
arising from three drawn games. In his game with Pollock he 
did not manage the opening — a French — so well as he generally 
does and he gave his young opponent a chance admirably taken 
advantage of by the latter. His game with Mortimer was marked 
by all his usual ability and the mate in five was very fine. His 
game with Taubenhaus was a somewhat uneven one ; in the 


opening and mid-game the English master bad decidedly the 
better position, bat a series of weak moves gave Ms French rival 
a chance of which he was not slow to avail himself, and Bhick- 
bume lost. In his game with H&nham he showed in his best 
form, and though the M&jor avoided the pitfalls Blackbume laid 
for him, it was at the expense of a Pawn as well as position, and 
Blackbume won. His game with Bird was a very one-sided 
afEair, for Bird played much below hia usual form, and the game 
only lasted 17 moves when Blackbume by a splendid intercepting 
move 17 --I H to B 6 ! brought it to a conclusion. 

Position after White's 17tb move. Position after Black's 20th move. 

BnAOK (Mb. Bi^ackbubne) to move. Biaok (Mb. Blackbushe.) 

Whtte (Mb. BntD.) White (Hebb Sohallopp) to iiotb. 

His game with Bum was very sound and looked drawish with 
Bishops of different colours, but Blaokburne at length secured 
advantage enough to force the win. In his game with Schallopp 
he varied from his usual French defence and a very interesting 
form of the Viemia game was produced in wliich the second 
player at move 6 threw up his P to K 6, then castling early broke 
through on the Q R file, and by forcing the exchange of Books 
placed White's Q E in prison for a long time. We give a diagram 
of the game at move 21 when White played 21 K to R sq, and 
the game proceeded 21 ..., P to B 6 ; 22 Kt to K 4, Kt to Kt 6; 
28 B takes Kt, B takeB B ; 24 Q to Kt 8 ch, R to R sq ; 25 Et to 
Q 2, P to B 8 ; 26 P to B 4, P to U 6 ; 27 P to Kt 8, Q to E 6; 
28 R to B 2, R to K sq ; 29 Q to Q sq (?), Q to Kt 7 ch, and 
White resigns. His game with Mason was a moat stubborn one 
and bad to be adjourned from Tuesday till the following Satur- 
day after nearly 90 moves had been played. It finally ended in 


a draw. His game with Mackenzie, in which he adopted a 
FreiiGh, was another long and stubborn fight also ending in a 
draw at the 7Sth move, bi his game with Gunsberg he soon got 
an advantage, the latter having played a centre counter gambit 
which ia not favourable as a rule to the second player. Gunsberg 
struggled gamely enough in a constrained position but Blackbume 
won in a strong ending. His next game — that with Zukertort — 
marked a very important point in his score for his winning or 
losing the first prize depended very much upon its result. 
Zukertort opened with 1 P to Q 4 answered by Blackbume also 
with 1 .,., P to Q 4, whereupon Zukertort continued with 2 Kt 
to K B 8 instead of offering the Queen's gambit. In the opening 
"White certainly got some alight advantage but this he allowed to 
slip through hia fingers but still trying attacking tactics he allowed 
Blackbume to get a fine game as shown on annexed digram. 

Position after Black's 85th move. Position after Black's 19th move. 
Blaok (Mb. Bijwjkburne.) Bi^oe (Mr. Burn.) 

White (Mb. Zukertobt) to plat. "White (Mr, Blackbubnb) to plat. 

The game now went on 36 B to Kt aq (better would have been 
Q to Kt sq), E to R 7 ch ; 37 K to Kt sq, Q to Kt 4 ; 88 Q to 
B sq, Q takes K P ch ; 89 K to B sq, R to Q B 7 ; 40 R to K sq, 
Q to Q 5 ; 41 Q to Kt 6, Q to K 6 ; 42 Q to B sq, Q to Kt 4 ; 

48 Q to B 8, R takes B P. At this point the game was adjourned 
and on its resumption Zukertort made a. strong fight but the two 
pawns were too great odds to be overcome and Blackbume won 
on the 69th move, thus greatly adding to his chances for first 
prize. The next day — Tuesday, 27th July — he had to play 
Lipschutz and it is needless to say that great interest attached to 


ihe g&me, for winning it gave Hlackbame the first prize right 
off; drawing it might give him a tie for first and second, whilst 
losing it might throw him down to tie for second, third, and 
fourth. Blackbume had the move but did not open with his 
favourite Scotch but instead proceeded with a Giuoco Piano. 
Blackbume evidently wished to keep the game in his hands and 
would risk nothing but contented himself with waiting upon 
fortune and any weak move that Lipschutz might make, but the 
latt^ played very steadily and a draw resulted. Blackbume now 
scored 6i and as Bum had ah*eady won his last game and so 
brought his score up to 8} also, the first and second prizes were 
tied for. 

As the committee decided that the ties were to be played ofiT 
(best of two games), Blackbume and Bum had to meet the next 
day (Wednesday) to commence their first tie game. Bum opened 
with 1 P to Q 4 and played the opening moves very correctly, 
concentrating his efforts on i3ie Queen's side, but at last he made 
a weak move which gave Blackbume the opportunity of sacrificing 
a piece for a strong attack and the game ended brilHantly for 
Blackbume. In the second and last game (played Thursday, 
29th July) Blackbume opened with the Scotch to which Bum 
played 4 ..., Q to B 5 in answer to 4 Kt takes P. On the 8th 
move he had to retreat his Q to K sq, thereby cramping his game, 
find on the 18th move the game presented the appearance as 
shown on the annexed diagram. Blackbume now played 14 B 
takes Et P, P takes B ; 15 Kt takes P, Kt to Kt 8. Blackburne 
pushed the attack winning back the piece on the 24th move still 
retaining the attack, but a few moves later a perpetual check was 
on the board which contented Blackbume and so the game was 
drawn, Blackbume thereby taking first prize and Bum getting 
the second. That the top two prizes of this important meeting 
should both fall into the hands of native-bom players must be 
very gratifying to all English players, and this gratification can- 
not be lessened when it is such a truly representative British 
player as Mr. Blackbume that takes the first prize, and such a 
worthy representative of EngHsh provincial play as Mr. Burn 
that takes the second. 

Mr. Bubn's play in the Tourney has surprised some but that 
surprise has not been shared in by those who are best acquainted 
with his style and strength. Trained in the best form of the 
"modem school" he is cool, cautious, and patient, yet lacks 
not dash and brilliancy when opportunity offers, and by his 
present victory he justly takes that rank which belongs to him 
as being truly one of the Masters. His first game in the Tourney 
was with his old opponent Mr. Bird, and it proved a very interest- 
ing one until the followiiig curious position was brought about. 


Fodtioii after Black's dlst moye. Position after Blaok's 26tli moTe. 
Bi^OE (Mb. Bubk.) Black (Mb. Bdbk.) 

White (Mb. Bibd) to uove. White (Mb. Zusebtobt) to pu,t. 

Bird played 62 B to E sq and the game continued 62..., E toB2 
(not Et takeB P foi then the B gets to Q 6 vntb a strong position), 
6S B to Et 4, E to K sq, ; 64 B to Q 6, Et takes B; 85 P takes 
Et, E to Q 2 and White soon resigned. Hia game vith Bohallopp 
was a splendid bit of play, as he sacrificed the exchange early ia 
the game and won brilliantly. His draw with Mason was very 
creditable as he was two Pawns down. His victory over Mac- 
kenzie was noteworthy, as it was the first loss the Captain 
experienced. Of his game with Blaokbnme we have already 
qwken. With Gunsb^g he early got a bad position and lost, 
whUst with Znkertort he had a " slice of luck," for at the 28th 
move the latter made a great blunder. We show the position after 
Black's 25th move when the game went 26 B to Q 2, B to E sq ; 
27Et toQ8, EttoBd;26PtakesEt?, B takes Et P dis ch, and 
Znkertort resigned. With the yoong New York player, Lipschntz, 
Bum was not suocesBful as he lost time in the end-game and 
turned what ought to have been a drawn game into a lost one, 
but hifl play against the young Engliah master Pollock was 
marked by great care and skill on both sides. It was a French 
in which Pollock advanced the P to E 6 subsequently captnring 
the P en pats when Bum played it to Q 4. White was soon after 
left with an isolated centre Pawn which ultimately fell and Bnm 
finally won. His game with Mortimer was very one-sided, as he 
early got an advantage owing to Mortimer's mistake in the first 
move. His game with Tanbenhaus, like Blackbume's with 
Zukertort, waa a cruouil one foi npon its result depended the 


fote of the top prizeB, for the scores of these players were Black- 
bame 7, Bom 6^, Taabenhaus 7, and Zukertort 6, and the losing 
of a game between either pEiir of players would evidently have 
a grave result upon the score of the loser. Mons. Taabenhaus 
adopted a Buy Lopez defended by Bom with P to Q & 8 followed 
by E Et to E 2. The French master did not treat the opening 
in very good style and Bum early got on advantage, and on the 
28td move he had a clear piece. From this point, however, 
Taubenhaua played very ingeniouBly but the stroi^ battohons 
were too much for him and Bum won on the SSrd move. In 
his last game in the Tournament he early got an advantage over 
Hanham, winning a Fawn at the 18th move and a piece at the 
17th, and from this point the game went smoothly on to victory 
and his score stood at 8J, and as Blackbume soon after drew 
with Lipschutz the first and second prizes were tied for. Quite a 
buzz of excitement went round the room when it was thus seen 
that two native-bom players had thus carried off the chief 
honours of the Tournament, and Mr. Burn was warmly con- 
gratulated by his friends on the conclusion of the afternoon play. 
As we have already said he had to succumb to the tried prowess 
of Mr. Blackbume when playing off the tie, but to have ranked 
above Bird, Qunsberg, Mackenzie, Mason, Schallopp, Tauben- 
hauB, and Znkertort in this important Tourney settles for ever 
Mr, Bum's position amongst the Chess Masters of the world, 

PoBition after White's 24th move. Position after Black's 81st move. 
Black (Mb. GuNSBBsa) lo uovb. Black (Mb. Gunsbebo.) 

White (Mb. Mortimer.) White (Mr. Burn) to plat. 


• 7 ~— ' 

GuNSBEBG has fully maintained his position as a strong 
Tournament player, but his play has been at times somewhat 
uneven. His game with Lipschutz was badly defended, and the 
New York player had decidedly the better of the opening and ought 
to have won. In his game with Pollock he had the better game 
for some time and at length had an easily won ending, but 
inadvertently allowed Pollock to advance his King too near his 
own King giving thereby a winning position to Pollock, who in 
his turn playing fast just at adjoumxaent missed the opportunity 
and a draw resulted. He defeated Mortimer brilliantly enough 
in a King's Gambit declined. 

In this position Gunsberg played 24 . . . B takes P ch ! ; and the 
game went on 25 K takes E, B to Kt sq ch; 26 K to B 2, 
Q to B 7 ch; 27 Kt to Kt 2, Q takes Kt ch; 28 K to K sq, 
B to K sq ch, and Mortimer resigned. His game with Tauben- 
haus was a very even affair for a time, and the latter offered an 
exchange of Queens which would likely have led to a draw but 
Gunsberg declining the bargain, he got into difficulties and lost 
a piece and speedily the game. He defeated Hanham in very 
good style in a Giuoco Piano opening. Bird played a Sicilian 
defence against him and handled the opening moves very well, 
but in the mid game he played some weak moves and Gunsberg 
got a strong attack and won. Bum played a Buy Lopez against 
him and a good game ensued, but unfortunately Bum neglected 
to alter the clocks after making a move and he now lost some 
time which later on caused hun to have to move quickly, the 
result being that Gunsberg got the better position as shown on 
the diagram. The game now went on 82 Q to B sq, Kt to K 6 ; 
88 Kt takes Kt, P takes Kt!; 84 B to B 8, P to K 7; 85 Q to 
K sq, Q to Q 8 ; 86 K to Kt 2, Q to Q 5, 87 P to K B 8, B to 
K 6 ; 88 B takes B, Q takes B, 89 P to K B 4, P to B 4 and 
wins, for it will be seen that White must exhaust his Pawn-moves 
and then Black wins. He adopted the Buy Lopez against 
Bchallopp, who played Mortimer's defence and won a most 
brilliant game. His game with Mason was a most stubborn 
fight, but not all his sMll could do more than get d. draw against 
the tenacious play of the latter. He adopted very bold tactics 
against Mackenzie, playing an Allgaier-Thorold well defended by 
the Captain, who in the middle game was a piece and a Pawn 
ahead. After this, however, the Captain played several weak 
moves, and to crown all blundered at his dOth move so as to lose 
his Queen for a Book and at once resigned. He lost to Black- 
bume as already stated. His game with Zukertort was certainly 
the best he played in the Tournament. Zukertort made one some- 
what weak move in the opening — a Giuoco Piano — which was 



instantly taken advantage of by Onnsberg, and from that point 
Zukertort had practically a lost game so accurate was Onnsberg's 
play. His moves seemed to fit in like the pieces in a Chinese 
puzzle, and though the ex-champion defended himself seemingly 
with the best moves, he was completely worsted. The following 
diagram shows the position of the game after Black's 16th move. 

Black (Mb. Zuxsbtobt.) 

White (Mb. GuNSBBsa) to move. 

The game proceeded thus: 17 Et to B 7, B to K sq ; 18 P to 
Q B 4, Et to Et 5 ; 19 Et to B 6 ch, E to B sq; 20 Et takes B, 
Q takes Et; 21 P to Q B 8, Et to B 8 ; 22 P to B 4, Et to B 4 ; 
28 B to B 2, B to E 8 ; 24 B to Q 6, P to Q Et 8 ; 25 P to B 5, 
B takes Q B P ; 26 Q to B 4, B to Et 6 ; 27 B takes P ch, E to 
Et sq; 28 B to B 8 and in a few moves Zukertort resigned. 
This win brought Ounsberg's score up to 8, and as Taubenhaus's 
score was the same they tied for third and fourth prizes. In 
playing off the tie both games were drawn and the prizes divided 
between them. 

Taubenhaus's score was a very good one, and has certainly 
added to his reputation, and yet he was not without strokes of 
good luck. His draw with Mason was fairly brought about, but 
Mackenzie ought to have won instead of drawing, whilst Black- 
bume had clearly the better of the game which he lost ; and 
his game with Gunsberg ought to have been a draw, but these 
things do happen even in master tournaments. Zukertort played 
a strong game against him and deservedly won. His game 
against Lipschutz was a good specimen of his style, and the 
victory he achieved was well deserved, as was also his victory 


over Pollock. This latter game was a stabbomly played Buy 
Lopez, and at the 21&t move it appeared thus : — 

Position after Black's 2lBt more. Position after Black's 12tli move. 
Blaos (Mb. Pollock.) Black (Mb. Quksbebg.) 

White (M. Taubenhacb) to movb. White (M. Taubenhaob) to hove. 

The game was now continned 22 B takes B P, P takes B ; 28 Q 
to E 8, Et to Et aq; 24 B takes Et, E takes B ; 25 B takes P, 
BtoB8; 26QtoEt 6ch, BtoEtS; 27 B takes B oh, Q takes 
B; 28 Q to B 4, B to E sq; 29 Q takes F and Taubenhans 
finally won on the 60th move by the strength of his Pawns. His 
defeat by Mortimer was a great blow to him, and greatly impaired 
his chances for first prize. Taabenhans biily outplayed Hanham, 
who adopted the French defence ; winning the exchange in the 
opening he held on to the material advantage to the end and 
won. In his game with Bird the latter got some advantage in 
the openii^, and later on could have won a Pawn with a good 
game, bnt disdaining "anch small deer" he went in for some- 
thing big, and Tanbenhaus cleverly got out of his difilcnlty and 
won. His defeat by Bum we have already mentioned. He won 
his game of Sohallopp in teji style, but the latter played some- 
what nervously and certainly not up to his best form. This last 
win brought Taubenhans's score up to that of Ounaberg'a, 8 eadi. 
In playing off the tie each player displayed great caution trom 
the first. In the first game, however, Oimsberg got a decided 
advantE^e in the opening and won a Pawn. We give a diagram 
of the game at the 12th move. At this point Taubenhans played 
I8BtoQ 8, and the game continued 18..., B to Q B 5?; 14 P to 
Q Et 41, B takes BP; 16 E to Et 2, boxing up the B which he 
alterwards won for the B and the ending was drawn. 


Mason's play throughout the entire tournament was as usual 
notable for tenacity, coupled, at times, with a trifle of dnlness, 
and many of his games were, if not " linked sweetness," certainly 
" long drawn-out," for some extended far above 100 moves with 
a draw to wind up with. Indeed of the twelve games he played 
exactly one half were drawn. Six draws ont of twelve spe^ well 
for a player's dogged Btubbonmess whatever else they may show. 
It is worthy of note that excluaive of Mason's draws there were 
only five other draws made by all the remaining masters. His 
game with Lipschutz was somewhat remarkable. Mason played 
1 P to E 8, and his opponent followed hia example almost move 
for move until at the 12th move the following position appeared, 
wherein the White and Black pieces occupy precisely similar 

Position after Black's 12th move. Position after Black's 26th move. 
Buck (Hkbb Lipsohutz.) Black (Mb. Mason.) 

Whtte (Mb. Mason) to plat. Wnrrs (Hekb Sohallopp) to plat. 

This " first foot follow my leader " sort of game often land 
tiie second player into a ditch as he incautioualy follows a step 
too lax. It was so in the present c-ase, for now White can isolate 
a centre pawn with the better game, and in trying to stop that 
Lipschntz did worse for he lost a clear piece. Mason played 
18 Q Et takes Et I , to which Black's best reply is 18..., P takes 
Et, and White has the better game. Anxious to avoid this 
Lipschatz took the Et with theQ, and the game proceeded 13..., 
Q takes Et; 14 B to H B 8, Q to Q 8; IS Et takes Et, B takes 


Et ; 16 Q takes Q, B takes Q ; 17 B takes B and Black in a few 
moves resigned. His victories over Mackenzie and Hanham 
were only gained after very protracted play, both games being 
adjourned after eight hours' fighting on the first day of play. 
Fortune favoured him in his victory over Pollock who had a won 
game, but on the other hand he threw away his game with 
Schallopp by a blunder. We give a diagram of the position 
after Black's 28th move (Q takes P). The game now went on 
27 Kt to K 2, Q to Q 4 ; 28 Kt to B 3, Q to Kt 7?; 29 B to B sq 
and the Queen is trapped, for if 29..., Q to Et 8 ; 80 B to E 8. 
His loss to Mortimer was a mortifying one for he lost thereby 
his chance of tieing with Gunsberg and Taubenhaus for third 
fourth and fifth prizes. He had a good game, but forced the 
winning of a piece too early, allowing Mortimer to get a strong 
counter attack which the latter in one of his fits of inspiration 
pushed with great skill, and though Mason played the game to 
the bitter end he had at length to resign on Mortimer Queening a 
Pawn whilst his own Pawn was not in a position to Queen for 
two moves. 

LiPscHUTz has decidedly added to his reputation by his play in 
the tournament, and when he gets a little more confidence in 
himself at important crises of the game he wiU be amongst the 
very strongest of the modem masters. Indeed in the present 
tournament he would have won a high prize had he possessed a 
little more coolness at the culminating point of several games. 
This wiU come with added practice with strong players, and 
though he may never rise to be a second Morphy he undoubtedly 
bids to be one of the strongest players America has given us of 
late years. His game with Bum was a very creditable bit of 
play, and the manner in which he took advantage of one or two 
weak moves of Bum in the ending is above all praise. His play 
against Gapt. Mackenzie was also of a high order, as he boldly 
played a Bishop's Gambit, though it must be admitted that the 
Captain adopted a somewhat weak defence ; but Lipschutz's con- 
duct of the mid-game was in very fine style, and his victory was 
thoroughly well deserved. He played a somewhat risky game 
with Zukertort, who obtained the advantage in the opening by 
giving up a piece for two Pawns and a strong attack, but after- 
wards relaxed his efforts, and the young New York player got 
his Eing into safety and won. Singularly enough to say 
Zukertort on the 2drd move left mate in two on the board, 
and still more singular Lipschutz overlooked the blunder and 
did not win the game till the 58rd move. The following is the 
position ; — 


Position tAer Blaok'a 22nd move. Fodtion after Black's 26tih move. 
BuLOK (Hekb Lipscbuiz.) Black (Hekb ScH&i.iiOpp.) 

White (Hbbb Zukkbiobt) to plat. Whtr (Hbks Lipsobotz) to plat. 
Zukertort now played 28 Q to Et 8 (B takes Et is the only 
move to prolong the game, 28 B to B 8 being of no avail), leaving 
this mate on the board : 28..., Q to B 8 chl; 24 E takes Q, B to 
B 8 mate t This Lipsohutz omitted to see and only won after 
80 more moves had been played. He flniahed his game with 
Bchallopp in a very brilliant manner. It was a Bay Lopez of a 
Bomewl^t hnmdrwi character in the opening and mid-game, 
but at the 26th move the position became interesting, and we give 
a diagram. The game now proceeded 27BtoE8!, QtoQ2(Q 
to B 8 is better, but woold not save the game) ; 28 Q to B 4 1 and 
Black resigned. Hie wins against Mortimer and Bird were both 
creditable performances. We now come to his mkfortuues. He 
had decidedly the better game with Gunsberg, bat failing to give 
the stroke when the game was ripe he lost his chance, and had 
still a draw in hand ; doubtless flnrried by his misadventore 
he now played to win and lost the game. His slip with Pollock 
was even worse, for after a very hard fight wherein Pollock had 
exercised considerable ingenoity, he had a dead won game at the 
46th move, but capturing a Pawn with B instead of B he lost I 
The move was hastily made at the time of adjournment and was 
ondoabtedly a great stroke of iU luck. He might too have gained 
an advantage over Major Hanham at one time, but the position 
produced thereby would have been so complicated that t^e time 
at his disposal would not allow him to try it, and he afterwards 
lost the game. The other games that he lost were won by hifl 
opponents on their merits, bat yet the ill-fortane of the Move 
three games certainly was a great blow to him. Doubtless in 


subaeqnent enconuters he will bare acquired that aplomb ia 
match-play that will prevent such mishaps oecurring, 

Mackenzie's score haa been a disappointing one. At one 
time he waa clearly leading and looked all over a prize-winner, 
but towards the end of the tournament his play fell off consider- 
ably and he was left " out in the cold." His game with Zuker- 
tort was a very long one, lasting, as it did, for 78 moves. In the 
opening {a Ruy Lopez) he lost a Pawn and gave Zukertort the 
better position, and the latter later on sacrificing hie Queen for a 
Book and Bishop got a fine attack which Mackenzie met in good 
style, and to the apectators it looked towards the latter part of 
the game as if he would force a draw, but Zukertort playing well 
forced a Pawn up to its 6th square and would have won if on the 
78th move he had not made a fatal blimder. The following ia 
the position : — 
Position after Black's 77th move. Position after White's 16th move. 
BiAOK (Mk. Bmn) to pi^y. 

The game now proceeded 78 B to B 2 ch, K to Kt 7?; 79 Q 
to Et 4 ch, and ZulLertort resigned. Had he played 78..., E to 
E 7 the game would have had a very different finish. In hia 
game witii Schallopp he won a piece in the opening (From'a 
Gambit), thus, 1 P to K B 4, P to K 4; 2 P takes P, P to Q 3 ; 
8 P takes P, B takes P ; 4 Kt to K B 3, Kt to K B 8 ; 6 P to Q 3, 
Kt to Kt 6 ; 6 P to B 9, B takes P;7QtoB4chand Black 
cannot save the piece. Schallopp struggled to the 29th move and 
then resigned. His game with Hanham waa fairly played on both 
sides, but almost at the last moment Hanham missed a chance 
of winning. His game with Bird (a Sicihan defence) was steadily 
opened, but the latter somewhat weakened his Q P by imprudent- 
ly advancing K P at move 10. At the 16th move the game 



presented the position as diE^rammed. Bird now played 16..., 
B to Et S, and the game went on 17 Q to B 4J, B takes Et; 
18 B takes B, Et to Q 5; 19 B takes Et, F takes B; 20 Et to 
Q S, B to B 2; 21 B to E B 8, P to B 8; 22 Et takes B, Q takes 
Et; 23 B takes P, and Mackenzie won on the S7th move. 

Zuebrtobt's play thronghout the tourney has been very 
disappointing, and altogether wanting in the precision that char- 
acterised it in 1888. Then it was almost perfect ; good both in 
attack and defence ; sound alike in opening, mid-game, and ending. 
Barely missing the absolutely best move, he generally made the 
most the position wouldgivehim. Nowhe was weak and irresolute; 
gaining advantages only to throw them away ; initiating fine 
attacks but to let them shp through his fingers ; attaining 
winning end-games, and then by a blunder throwing them away. 
There can be no question but that ill health had much to do with 
this break down. It was the body acting upon the mind, the 
unstrung nerves playing tricks with the throbbing brain. In his 
game with Pollock, however, there was to be seen the old skill ; 
the patient building up of attack ; the careful conservation of 
small advantages ; the skilful and far-reaching plan of united 
action, until at the 41st move the game presented the following 
appearance : — 

Position after Black's 40th move. Position after Black's 86th move. 
Black (Mr. Pollock.) Black (Hkrr Zusertort.) 

White (Here Zukektort) to play. White (Hebr Schallopp) to plat. 

The game now proceeded 41 K to Q 7, Q to E Kt 3; 42 Q 
to Et4I, Q toKt 8; 43 E to Et 7. Q to K 3; 44 P to Et 8, and 
now Black's pieces are all fixed, and White forces him to advance 
his Q Pawns, then changes off Books and brings his Queen mto 


position to 8we«p off tlie Queen's Pawns and win. All this was 
played by Zukertort witli almost mathematical accuracy and 
deserves the highest praise. His game with Tauhenhaua was a 
steadily played game after the type of those played in the late 
championship match, but Zukertort playing well in the ending 
won. Hie game (a Vienna opening) with Sehallopp was very 
uphill work aU through, for he early had some disadvantage in 
position, and at the 97th move Sehallopp could have forced a 
w inni ng position but missed the chance. We give a diagram of 
the game at this point. Had Sehallopp now played 37 F taSea 
P ch, it would have been no matter whether Zukertort retook 
with K or P, for the R would have gone to R 2, taking posseaaion 
of the Rook's file, forcing an entry and winning. Instead of this 
move Sehallopp played 37 P to R 5 and Zukertort just won. In 
his game with Hanham be gave up a piece quite early, but the 
sacrifice waa unsound and Hanham could have forced the win, 
but missing this Zukertort drew. Bird (by an inversion of moves) 
played a close K B gambit and Zukertort easily won. 

SoHAu-opp too has been somewhat disappointing in hia play, 
though the fine game he won of Gunsherg by which he gained 
Mr. Lewis's prize for brilliancy is a grand set-off to many 
short -comings. His allowing Gunsberg to sweep away his 
Queen's Pawns coupled with his castling on the same side and 
the rapid development of pieces he thereby obtained, was in 
beautiful style. The following is the position at Black's 13th 
move (Q to B 8) :— 
Position after Black's 13th move. Position after Black's 18th move. 

The game was continued 14 B to B 2 (B to Q sq better), P to K 6 ! 
15 B takes Kt, P takes Kt ; IC B to K 5 eh, Kt takes B ; 17 Q 


takes Kt ch, 6 to Q 8, and Black won most; brilliantly. His 
game with Pollock was a very long one. After Black's 18tb move 
(B to E 4) a very interesting position was bronght abont. (See 
Diagram.) The game proceeded 19 Q takes Kt, B takes Et ; 
20 B takes R (better Q takes R ch), Q to K 8 ch ; 21 B to B sq, 
Q to E 7 ; 22 B to B 2, Q to R 8 ch. Mr. Pollock repeated 
these moves wishing to draw but Sohallopp would not consent, 
and the game lasted 114 moves when Pollock resigned, having 
missed (or disdained) a perpetual check. Schallopp beat Bird in 
good style, bat Hanham's game ought to have been drawn but the 
Major left a piece en prise in the end-game. Schallopp'a game with 
Mason as we have seen was also lost by the latter by a blunder. 

PoijLock'b career in the Tournament has been more disap- 
pointing perhaps than any other of the unsuccessful players. 
In gome after game he acquired advantages only to throw ^em 
away again, and commencing his score by a fine win against 
Blackbume he finished it by having only 4| to his credit. His 
play against Blackbume was all that could be wished, but his 
victory over Ltpschutz was the result of a stupid blunder on the 
part of the latter, whilst Hanham also lost to him by a slip 
owing to pressure of time-limit. His game with Mackenzie was 
a very fine one, and its result had important effects upon the 
score, for had Mackenzie won he would have tied with Mason for 
fifth prize. Mackenzie opened with a Buy Lopez whioh Pollock 
defended with great skill. On the 8drd move the game appeared 
thus : — 

Position after Black's 2Sth move. 
Black (Me. Poij.ock) to move. Black (Mb. Mason.) 

White (Capt. Mackenzie.) White (Mb. Pollock) to move. 

Mr. Pollock played 26 B to Et 4 and 
lost, 26 B takes P would have won. 


The game now proceeded 83 ..., B to K 2 ; 34 K to Kt 2, B 
takes P ; 35 R to Q B sq, Q to K 2 ; 36 P to K 4, P to Q B 4 ; 
37 P to K 6. B to Kt 5 ; 38 Q to K 4, P to B 3 ; 39 B to Q sq, 
QtoK3;40PtoQ6, P takes P. The game waa now adjourned, 
and on reHoming play it lasted for many moves but Pollock at 
length won. 

Mobtimbb's play waa very characteristic and many of the 
masters — notably Tanbenhaus and Mason— have cause to remem- 
ber it, and his four wins were carriGd off againat good men and 
had considerable results in the iinal arrangement of prize-win- 
ners. His first win was E^inst Pollock who opened with a 
Vienna defended by Mortimer very boldly, and on the 17th move 
he sacrificed a piece for a very strong attack. The following is 
the position : — 
Position after White's 17th move. Position after Black's 20th move 
Bliu:k (Heeb Schallopp.) 

The game was continued 17 -..., B to Q 2, 18 P takes Kt (a 
doubtful move), P takes P dis ch ; 19 B to R 2, Castlea (Q R) ; 
20 P to B 6, P takes P ; 21 P to K Kt 8, R to R 6 ! ; 22 K to 
Kt 2, Q R to R sq ; 23 B to Kt sq, P takes P ; 24 Kt to Q sq, 
B takes B ; 25 E takes B, Q to B 8 ; 26 Kt to B 2, Q to B 6 ch ; 
27KtoB8q, RtoR8; 28QtoK2. R takes R ch ; 29 K takes 
B, Q takes P ch ; 80 K to B sq, R to R 7 ! ; 31 B to Q sq. E to 
Kt 7 ; 32 K to K sq, P to K B 4 ! and White now took the 
Q B P with his B to free his game, but Mortimer pushed his 
attack and gave mate on the 46th move. His defeat of Tauben- 
haus was a great surprise, for till then Taubenhaus was leading 
(or first prize. Mortimer offered a King's gambit which Tauben- 
haua refused, and Mortimer early got an advantage which he 
maintained with great skill and he finally scored the game.. 



Mortimer also played a gambit to Schallopp who played 8 ..., Et 
to E B 8 (a defence, by the way, sound enough if properly fol- 
lowed up) and gained the exchange and a strong attack. We 
give a diagram of the position after Black's 20th move (B to E 8). 
The continuation was 21 P to B 6, Q to R 5 (Et to Et 6 wins) ; 
22 Et takes Q, Et to Et 6 ; 28 B to Q 2, B takes B ; 24 Et to 
Et sq, and Mortimer won after a long fight. Whether Black's 
21st move was an oversight or an attempt at Schallo^^'s well 
known brilliancy is a moot point, but many spectators thought 
it was the latter. As he damaged Taubenhaus's score so on the 
very last day he damaged Mason's as already seen. 

Of Major Hanham's play it is not necessary to say much as 
during most of the Tournament he was indisposed and played 
more from a sense of duty than anything else. At times, how- 
ever, he showed what he could do, and under more favourable 
circumstances he will doubtless show a better score. 

Mr. Bnu> was also in bad health during the whole of the 
Tournament, for his old enemy the gout had got fairly hold of 
him and 'hence his play is much below his usual standard. Seldom 
or never did he display his wonderful resources in difficulties and 
once a game went against him he seemed to collapse right off ; 
indeed no one seeing the games would trace any signs of Bird's 
play in his ordinary form. Gout, however, is a heavy handi- 
capper, and it says no Uttle for Bird's pluck that he continued to 
play on under these adverse circumstances, and not only to play 
but to beat Pollock and Mortimer and to draw with Mason. His 
game with Hanham was very interesting and at one time it 
presented the following appearance : — 

Position after White's 58th move. 

Black (Mr. Bird) to play. 

White (Major Hanham.) 



Bird now played 58 . . . , B to E 2 ? and the game proceeded 
59 Et to E 8 !, B takes P ch ; 60 E takes B, B to E 2 ; 61 Et to 
Q 6 ! and the ending was reduced to B and Et against B, and 
should have been drawn but Bird played wildly and lost. 

Fd^al Soore m Master Tournament (names in order of merit). 


J. H. Blackbume 

A. Bum 

I. Gunsberg 

J. Taubenhaus ... 

J. Mason 

S. Lipschutz 

G. H. Mackenzie.. 
J. H. Zukertort... 

E. Schallopp 

W. H. E. PoUock 

J. Mortimer 

J. N. Hanham ... 
H. E. Bird 

Total Losses... 

















































































let and 



8rd and> 








In playing off the ties Blackburne won IJ, Bum J, making 
Blackburne 1st, and Bum 2nd, whilst Gunsberg and Taubenhaus 
drew both their games. The prizes therefore fell as follows : — 

1st, J. H. Blackburne.. 

^ncl, A.. 15 urn 

Tie. IS T Trw^l;« I divided 

(4tn, J. laubennaus ) 

5th, J. Mason 

Brilliancy Prize, E. Schallopp ... £2 2s. 

The amount of the entrance fees, £26, was divided amongst 
the non-prize-winners, calculated on the Gelbfuhs system : 


S. Lipschutz ... 
G. H. Mackenzie 
J. H. Zukertort 
W. H. E. Pollock 
E. Schallopp ... 
J. Mortimer ... 
J. N. Hanham 
H. E. Bird ... 



36} points £4 13 

29} „ 3 15 

29} „ 3 15 

28^., 3 13 

25i „ 3 5 11 

2U „ 3 3 4 

16" „ 2 14 

12 „ 1 11 


In the Amateur Championship Tourney the leading players 
are Messrs. Gattie (18 and 2 to play), Guest (9 and 6 to plieiy)* 
Hooke (10^ and 8 to play), Jacobs (12 all played), and Wainwright 
(18 and 1 to play). 

In the Tournament for the Tennyson prize the Rev. G. A. 
MacDonnell and Mr. H. G. Gwinner tie with 6 each out of a 
possible 7. In the Ruskin competition the prize is carried off by 
Mr. H. Jacobs with 7 out of a possible 9, whilst Mr. D. Y. Mills 
was a good second with 6| out of 9. In the Problem Tourney 
the prizes fall as follows : — ^First prize, £5 5s., best set of three 
problems, to Josef Pospisil, of Ere, near Prague ; Second prize, 
£S 8s., second set of three problems, by E. Lindqvist, of 

Prize £8 8s., best four-mover, H. M. Prideaux, of Clifton. 

Prize £8 8s., best three-mover, Sergt. Instructor J. Scott, 
of Chichester. 

Prize £2 2, for best two-mover, equally divided between Mr. 
H. Jacobs, of London, and Capt. A. W. D. Campbell, of India. 

The Banquet was held on Saturday, 24th July, with Sir 
Robert Peel in the chair, when most of the Masters and a large 
number of members of the B. C. A. assembled. The toast of the 
evening, ** Success to the British Chess Association," proposed 
by the Chairman, was received with great applause. Other toasts 
followed concluchng with the ** Chair," to which Sir Robert 
rephed. J. G. C. 


The annual meeting of this Association took place this year 
at Nottingham, and the meetings were held in the Mechanics' 
Lecture Hall. It was not at first intended that there should be 
any other competitions beyond those usually held at the meetings 
of this Society ; but at the last moment the committee found 
themselves able to announce an International Tourney, which 
was just in time to obtain the entries of most of the leading 
players who had taken part in the London B. C. A. Tourney. 
Play commenced August 8rd and terminated August 9th. The 
competitors' names will be found in the score table annexed, which 
gives the final result of the Tourney. Messrs. Blackbume and 
Skipworth had also entered, but withdrew immediately after the 
commencement of the Tourney. Capt. Mackenzie and Messrs. 
Mason, G. B. Eraser, and J. D. Chambers did not enter on 
account of the time that the Tourney would occupy. Two games 
a day were played, and unfinished games had to be played out on 
days appointed by the committee. For the Minor Tourney, 
Division I., corresponding to the usual Class I. of the Association, 


there were seven entries, and the result waB, Rev. J. Owen (6 
games) let prize, £12 ; Mr. E. Marriott (4) 2Qd prize, £5 ; Mr. 
T. W. Marriott, Mr. C. D. Locock, and the Rev. G. A. Mac- 
Donnell (8^ each) tied for 8rd prize, and divided £2 between 
them. In the Second Division of this Tonmey, correspond- 
ing to the UBTial Claaa n. of the AsBOciation, there were also 
Beven entries, and Mr. J. H. Blake (6 games) carried off the first 
prize, value £10 ; Mr. W. J. Evans and Mr. S. B. Slack (3^) tied 
for 2nd and 3rd prizes, dividing £6 between them. In ClasB II., 
corresponding to the usoal ClaBS lU. of the ABSociation, there 
were fourteen competitors, and the prizes were awEurded as 
foUowB : — Mr. L. Johnson and Mr. A. Bomboll (10 games) tied 
for 1st and 2nd prizes, dividing £11 ; Mr. J. Wilson (9^) 8rd 
prize, £2 ; Mr. J. Job (&i) 4th prize, £1. 

The first prize of £40 was thus won by Mr. Bum ; the second 
of £20 by Herr Schallopp, and the third and fourth prizes of £10 
and £5 respectively, were divided between Herr Zukertort and 
Herr Gunsberg. 


A friendly match between Capt. Mackenzie and Mr. Bum is 
now in progress in London. The first winner of five games is to 
be the victor. The score at the time of onr going to press is 
Mackenzie, 8 ; Bum, 0. 


A few more amusing instances of '< newspaper " Chess have 
come nnder our notice recently. An influential Lancashire 
*' organ " under date July 28rd, says — '' Bird played his own 
defence to Mr. B. Lopez (viz. Et to Q 6) and defeated Mortimer." 
On the 27th of the same month appeared the following in the 
same paper — '* Taubenhaus played the Buy Lopez against Brown. 
The latter won by a Pawn in the early part of the game." 
« Lipschutz played Mr. Bishop's gambit against Mackenzie." 

Our London letter is held over for want of space. We have 
reported the London Congress at great length and with much 
elaboration, which we trust will be duly appreciated by our 


Fbange. — The President of the Republic has just sent to M. 
Bavoux, at Besan9on, a magnificent Sevres vase, which is to be 
the principal prize of a national correspondence tourney. This 
tourney will have to import in its title that it is held in honour 
of the centenary festival to commemorate the French Revolution, 
and it must be concluded in time for the result to be published 
at the same date as those tourneys which will take place in Paris 
on the occasion of the said festival. The correspondence tourney 
will probably commence in the spring of next year. 

A provincial Chess tourney was to be held at Amiens on the 
18th of July and following days. There were to be six prizes, 
consisting of works of art presented by the President of the 
Republic and the city of Amiens, and of silver medals given by 
the Prefect of the Somme, and by the Cercle des Echecs of 
Amiens. The StratSgie (from which we derive this information) 
very properly protests against the rule of the tourney that fifty 
moves per hour shall be adopted as the time-limit. Chess 
becomes something more trifling than skittles when played at 
this pace. 

Germany. — The South-west German Chess Congress took 
place, as announced, at Mannheim the first week in July. In 
the principal tourney the first prize was won by Herr Flad of 
Wiesbaden, the second and third were divided between Herr 
Goetz of Strasburg and Herr Valerius of Offenbach, the fourth 
fell to Herr Seiffarth of Mannheim. 

On account of the national mourning for the death of the 
King, the Jubilee Congress of the Bavarian Chess Association at 
Munich was put off until August Ist, and all the intended 
festivities were struck out of the programme. 


On the 22nd, 23rd, and 24th inst., the Cologne Chess Club 
will celebrate its 25th anniversary by a Chess festival with 
several tourneys. The first prize in the principal one will be 100 

AusTBU. — The second Bohemian Chess Congress took place 
at Prague on June 13th and 14th. There was only one game 
tourney, consisting of 40 players, who were divided into five 
sections of eight each, and among the 20 winners appear the 
well known names of Forges, Evicala, Moucka, Dobrusky, and 
Pospisil. There were, however, two solution tourneys, a blind- 
fold exhibition by Dr. Evicala with 13 opponents, of whom he 
defeated nine, and a banquet. 

America. — The annual championship tourney of the Man- 
hattan Club was won by Major Hanham with a score of 5^, Mr. 
Ryan coming next with 4 games to his credit. Messrs. Delmar 
and Simonson retired early from the contest. 

In the New York Club championship tourney the highest 
scores were, Messrs. Schmidt and Schubert 14 each, Mr. Fitch 
10, and Mr. Hatfield 9^. We have not heard that the ties have 
yet been played off, but we presume they will be. The Major 
Hanham above mentioned is the competitor in the B. C. A. 
London, and C. C. A. Nottingham tourneys. 

The New York and Pennsylvania C. A. has decided to hold a 
second meeting this year, between August 30th and September 
4th, at some convenient summer resort. In the handicap of the 
Franklin Club at Philadelphia, Mr. Newman, (CI. A.) won the 
first prize, Mr. Bamett, (CI. A.) the second, and Mr. Morgan, 
(CI. B.) the third. 

The Havana Club is making great preparations to receive 
Don A. C. Yasquez, the champion of Mexico, who has been 
appointed Consi^ of Mexico to that city. In the handicap 
tourney at Havana the first prize was gained by Sen. Ponce, the 
second by Sen. Golmayo, and the third by Sen. Medina. 

The annual championship tourney of the New Orleans Club 
has 16 competitors, and is, we beheve, still in progress. 

In the late Chess tourney of the St. Louis Chess, Checker, 
and Whist Club, Mr. Koerper gained the championship cup with 
a score of 9^ won games to 4^ lost. The other leading 
competitors were Messrs. Max Judd, Haller, Holman, and 

A tournament in the West Newington (Mass.) C. C. had 
20 entrants, among whom were five young ladies, who played 
only with each other. The prizes consisted of three handsome 
medals, and were won by Miss Jordan, J. F. Morton, and G. S. 
Stewart. Whether the two last were gentlemen or ladies our 
informant does not say. 


An American exchange " suggests *' that a small edition of 
the March B. G. M. be reprinted at *' double or three times the 
regular price " to replace the copies that went down in the 
Oregon. We may inform all and sundry whom it may concern 
that such an edition could not possibly be brought out under 
about ten shillings a copy. 

We have had pleasure in adding the Boston Weekly Post to 
our Exchange list. The Chess column is one of the best all 
round departments within our knowledge. 


Chess in Scotland. 

The general interest in Chess throughout Scotland, which 
followed the constitution of the Scottish Chess Association in 
February 1884, seems in no degree abated, as, during the past 
spring and summer, two minor Chess Associations have been 
formed, and an additional Chess column has been started. 

'*The Aberdeenshire Chess Association" was formed in 
spring, and the first annual tournament, with a large number of 
entrants, has been in progress for several weeks — ^the competitors 
in playing off their games not being confined to a tournament 
week, but meeting and playing at their convenience. * 

On the occasion of a visit by Mr. John D. Chambers, of the 
Glasgow Chess Club, to Islay in June, the ladies and gentlemen 
of the island, interested in Chess, decided to form an Association 
for the practice and promotion of the game — ^to be called " The 
Islay Chess Association." 

These Associations have not been constituted in any spirit of 
opposition to the Scottish Chess Association. The larger institu- 
tion has had a larger membership in Aberdeenshire for the 
current year than during the two preceding years of its existence, 
and it is natural to expect a similar result next year in Islay in 
consequence of the Islay Association. Were similar Associations 
formed in the principal Counties of Scotland, there can be no 
doubt that the membership and scope of the National Institution 
would be greatly increased. 

The new Chess column we have referred to appears in the 
Nortliem Figaro^ an Aberdeen journal. The editor wiU give, as 
far as possible, easy problems for the education and encourage- 
ment of beginners. 

One of the hardest-fought and most interesting matches for 
the custody of the West of Scotland Chess Challenge Cup was 
concluded on the Idth June, at the Glasgow Chess Club, between 
Mr. John Gilchrist, the holder, and Mr. J. H. C. McLeod, the 


chaUenger. Prior to the deciding game, each player had won three 
games and four were drawn. The last game was won by Mr. 
Gilchrist, who thus retains possession of the cup. 

Negotiations for a match by correspondence between the Irish 
Chess Association and the Scottish Chess Association have 
recently been in progress and are now almost completed. The 
Secretary of the Iri^ Association has enhsted 48 players into his 
team. Only a few are required to make the Scottish team equal 
in number. The teams consist of most of the strong players in 
the two countries, and an interesting match may be expected. 

D. F. 

Chess in Ireland. 

Great pohtical excitement dwarfs the affairs of Chess ; and 
the general election of July must no doubt answer for some abate- 
ment of the symptoms of Chessic affection now prevalent in 
Ireland. But the abatement has been small and temporary ; for 
Ireland, in view of her important coming congress at Belfast — 
the 2nd of the I. C. A. — ^would not submit to more than was 
absolutely unavoidable. 

The Belfast Congress has already secured promises of support 
and attendance from many celebrities. <* Mars,'' in his Chess Chat 
in the Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News, mentions some 
(including his genial Ego) who intend crossing the channel in 
September to take part in our Chess Carnival in the capital of 
Ulster. Nor will they have any reason to regret their resolve. 
With excursions arranged to the Giants' Causeway and other 
neighbouring places of natural and historic interest — ^with con- 
siderate regulations — ^large and numerous tournament prizes — 
incidental diversifications — ^in fact with everything calculated to 
make the meeting thoroughly enjoyable, it will be a strange 
thing if the expectations of any one fail to be fuUy reahsed. 

Mr. Chambers, of Glasgow, was the first entry for the tourna- 
ments ; Mr. Porterfield Bynd was the next. Since then many 
experts have announced a similar intention. Dr. Bamett and a 
host of other strong Belfast players are expected to contend ; also 
Mr. Hobson of Armagh, Mr. Gunning of Cookstown, Mr. Nicholls 
of Strabane, Messrs. Cudmore, Sofife, and Peake of Dublin. 

The Counties Association Meeting at Nottingham on the 2nd 
August (at which Mr. P. Rynd wiU be present) may send on a 
contingent also to Belfast. 

All particulars can be had from Mr. A. S. Peake, Hon. Sec. 
I. C. A., 12, Marino Crescent, Clontarf, Dublin, or from the local 
Hon. Sees., Mr. Wm. Steen, and Mr. J. Livingston Downey, 

The correspondence match between the Sussex C. A. and the 
I. C. A. virtually terminated with the resignation of Col. Minchin 


to Mr. W. H. S. Monck, which left the score (out of a total of 
14) I. 0. A., 7^, S. G. A., 4^, and two unfinished games, namely, 
one between Mr. Cheshire and Mr. Soffe (in which Mr. Cheshire's 
claim was also pending) and the other between Mr. B. Jones 
and Mr. Q. P. Barry. The game won by Mr. Monck was a fine 
specimen of the '* Three Knights' Game/' following the Black- 
bume-Steinitz game in the Congress of 1883 down to the 9th 
move of White. Here Col. Minchin adopting the suggestion 
given by Mr. Steinitz in his notes to the game with Mr. Blackbume, 
played 9... P to Q 4. The game may therefore be looked upon 
as an addition to the theory of that opening. The claim made 
by Mr. Cheshire against Mr. Soffe for excess of time-limit has 
been referred to Mr. D. Forsyth, Hon. Sec. of the Scottish C. A., 
but as yet his decision has not been declared. 

The correspondence match between the Dublin University 
Chess Club and Peterhouse College (Cambridge) C. C, is 
progressing rapidly, the sides being, D. U. C. C, 1 G. L. 
Johnston, 2 J. C. Newsome, 3 W. M'Crum, 4 S. P. Johnston, 
6 H. S. Tickell (Hon. Sec), and 6 C. A. Robinson. Peterhouse 
C. C, 1 H. V. Drake-Brocfcman, 2 E. H. Smith, 8 W. Nicholls, 
4 C. W. C. Barlow, 5 T. A. Walker, and 6 J. Buchanan. 

The great correspondence match between Scotland and 
Ireland is almost ripe for starting. Forty-three members of the 
I. C. A. having signified their readiness to do battle, Mr. 
Forsyth, Hon. Sec. of the Scottish C. A., had to caU for recruits, 
as he had not anticipated so large a number, and it is not every 
member of an association who can spare the time for correspond- 
ence play. When the Scotch list is complete the match will 
proceed. The chief conditions are one game between each pair, 
and 72 hours' time allowed for consideration of each move. 
Apropos of Correspondence Chess it may be mentioned that 
Master Kenneth Arly Bynd is amongst the entries for the 4th 
Tourney of La StratSgie. 

Another accession to Chess periodical literature in Ireland is 
noticeable in the Irish Times. That paper years ago had a 
weekly column under the editorship of Mr. A. S. Peake. It 
recently commenced to chronicle again, giving full daily reports 
from a special correspondent in London of the British Chess 
Association meeting in London, which reports with annotated 
games were brought out under the supervision of its Chess editor 
in Dublin. 

The Dublin University Chess Club recently elected (for 1886-7) 
as President, Mr. John Dickie, Sch. B. A., as Hon. Sec, Mr. 
H. S. Tickell, and as Hon. Treasurer, Mr. J. C. Newsome, Sch. 

The Irish team to play against Scotland given alphabetically 
is : — 



1. Agnew, S., Lurgan 128. 

2. Annstrong,W., St. Patrick's, 24. 

Dublin 26. 

8. Barry, G. F., do. 26. 

4. Bamett, R. W., Belfast 27. 
6. Boyle, Rev. H., do. 

6. Barrington, B., Limerick 28. 

7. Belshaw, G., do. 

8. Benson, D., do. 29. 

9. Boyd, G., do. 

10. Brophy, N. A., do. 80. 

11. Carey, J., Belfast 81. 

12. Copeman, J. C, Limerick 82. 
18. Conroy, J. A., St. P., Dub. 

and Listowel 88. 

14. Cudmore, D., Dublin and 84. 

S. P., Dublin 

15. Dill, J., Lurgan 85. 

16. Downey, J. L., Belfast 86. 

17. Ennis, M. A., St. P., Dub. 87. 

and Wexford 88. 

18. Gamble, J., Belfast 89. 

19. Godwin, W., do. 

20. Gunning, S., Cookstown 40. 

21. Harris, S. G., St. P., Dublin 41. 

and Richmond, Dublin 42. 

22. Harvey, E. L., Belfast 48. 

Hobson, F., Armagh 
Law, J. R., Derry 
Livingston, J. R., Lurgan 
Magowan, S. J., Belfast 
MHey, D. O'C, St. Patrick's, 

Monck, W. H. S., Dublin 

Morphy, J., St. Patrick's, 

Murray, W. A., do. 
Neill, J., Belfast 
Newsome, J. C, D. U. and 

St. Patrick's, Dublin 
Nicholls, W., Strabane 
Palmer, W. C, St. Patrick's, 

Peake, A. S., do. 

Rynd, E. A., do. 

Rynd, P., do. 

Shanahan, Dr., Limerick 
Soffe, G. D., St. Patrick's, 

Spaight, J., Limerick 
Tennant, R., Belfast 
Wilson, W. M., Dublin Club 
Wollett, M. S., do. 

K. A. R. 


Sib, — I cordially agree with Mr. Long's remarks (see p. 257), 
and venture to make the suggestion that in matches the players 
should alternately fix the rate at which the game is to be played. 
The second player might have the privilege of naming the number 
of moves per hour, certain maximum and minimum limits being 
arranged, e,g, not more than 35 nor less than 20. In this way 
the quick and slow player would have the rate that suited each best 
in turn. In pedestrian contests it is recognised that much depends 
on the length of the course, and of the two runners one may be 
the quarter mile and the other the two mile champion. In a 
similar way I think Chess-players should be classified according to 
the pace of their play, and I do not see why there should not be 
several champions, for instance Steinitz at 15 moves an hour, and 
perhaps Blackburne at 30 ; the absolute champion being the man 
who can beat all-comers when playing at hU rate in one game and 
tlieir rate in the next. East Mardbn. 



Br H. J. G. Andrews. 

Mr, Q, 3. Slater, Bolton, has kindly consented to act as a judge 
in the forthcoming tonmey of this magazine. Hia colleagues, 
as previouBly annonnced, will be Messrs. J. H. Pinlinson and 
James Fierce. 

The appended pair of puzzles form an additional variety on the 
species, and we are indebted for the idea to our esteemed correa- 
pondent Signer Aspa of Leamington. 

A cook from the preceding position 
By SisNOB Aspa. by the Editob. 


Black retracts his last move, and Black retracts his last move, and 
movea his King, White then mates moves his King, White then mates 
on the move. on the move. 

Chess Nut Burrs. — The Jamaica Tri-weekly Gleaner correctly 
points out that the two-move problem by Mr. Taylor in Chess 
Nvi Burrs, was originally contributed to this magazine in March, 
1883. This discovery — so far as we are concerned— is at first 
sight rather suggestive of that pectdiar "typical development" 
which sometimes causes an old gentleman to look everywhere for 
his spectacles except their actual resting place on his own nose I 
There is one difference, however, that in this instance we did not 
look ; trusting instead confidingly in the author's disclaimer. The 
following note from him bears upon the point and, while apolo- 
gising to Mr. Lyons for troubling him about the problem's 
auth^tioity, we will simply add that, though it seems to ub by 


no means a specimen of Mr. Taylor's best handiwork, it is 
nevertheless folly up to ordinary publication standard, being 
indeed better than many of the bi-move class we have seen in 

To the Problem Editor of B. C. M. 
Deab Sib, — ^I find that the problem with my name attached 
in Chess Nut Burrs, first appeared in your pages in 1883 ! No 
doubt I composed it therefore but had wholly forgotten the cir- 
cumstance. From this you may imagine I did not set much 
store by it. In fact it seems to me even inferior to my first 
problem which, curiously enough, was copied by the Banbury 
News, Conn., U.S., from the City of London Chess Magazine of 
1875. As a number of my problems have since been printed or 
reprinted in America, notably in the Detroit Free Press, 1 could 
not help being surprised that Mr. Lyons, who keeps a Chess 
Book ** store,'* should have selected so poor a production as a 
specimen. It is of course possible he has seen no other, but this 
would be to suppose not only that he has never come across my 
collection. Elementary Chess Problems — ^which being out of print 
may be scarce — ^but also that he had not examined either English 
Chess Problems or Chess Gems, both standard works. These cir- 
cumstances may explain the reason for my note of interrogation 
or exclamation sent to your magazine some weeks ago. 

"Sours faithfully, 



To the Editor of the British Chess Magazine. 

Sir, — I fail to see any similarity in the ideas of the two problems 
published in your June number, anent the so-called Bristol Theme. 
Herlin's problem has no White Queen on the board, whereas the 
principle and idea of the other problem consist in moving the R 
out of the way to get a diagonal check with Q. I consider Herlin's 
problem does not bear upon the Bristol theme at all, as the K in 
his problem is simply moved out of the way to get the R to Q 8 
as soon as possible in order to give discovered check and mate on 
move five. Problem composers and solvers on both sides of the 
Atlantic * will, I think, fail to find any analogy between the two 
problems alluded to. Yours &c., 


* Herlin's problem, however, was sent us from the other side 
of the Atlantic as bearing on the Bristol theme and was so looked 
upon by both Mr. Carpenter and Mr. Teed. We are decidedly of 
opinion that the Bristol idea may be illustrated without as well as 
with a Queen and in a variety of forms. H. J. C. A. 

I 5 



The following sui-mate appeared not long since in the Chess 
column of Around and About, the prizes undermentioned hftTing 
been offered at the time, bnt without eliciting any response. The 
column alluded to having since ceased to appear we reprint this 
problem and invite the attention of our solvere to the positioui 
Challbnqb Pboblem. 
By A. F, Maokxhzie, Jamtuca. 


White to play and compel Black to give mate in 14 moves. 

Mr. A. F. Mackenzie offers the Chess Column of the Jamaica 
Tri- Weekly Gleaner for siz months, as a prize for the best solution 
of this problem. Mr. Cunningham, in addition, offers a copy of 
Collius's " Selection of Problems." These will be awarded to the 
finders of the first two correct solutions received. The solver 
whose solution reaches ua first to have the choice of which prize 
he takes. Solutions to be addressed to the Problem Editor. 

The foregoing stratagem was originally dedicated to Messrs. 
Collins and Potter, judges in Letta's Household Magazine Problem 



A. D., Marseilles. — To hand. See solutions. 

J. G. Chancellor. — Glad to hear from you again. In the 
three-mover forwarded we see no mate after the defence 1 E to 
B 5, 2 Kt to E 5 ch, K moves, 8 Et takes Et P, for now B 4 is 

A. F. M., Jamaica. — Thanks for the information about the 
two year old foundling. The " morals " we draw from the exposS 
differ from yours, and are two-fold. 1st. Do not select a single 
specimen of a hving author's skill for insertion in a choice col- 
lection of gems without his consent. 2nd. Many two-movers — 
even in the B. C. M. and the Gleaner — are such small objects 
that only a very keen sighted and loving observer can recognise 
them at a distance I 

Problems from Dr. Gold, G. Liberali, T. G. Hart, and J. G. 
Chancellor thankfully acknowledged. 

Dr. L. E. SinigagHa, Craiova. — Solutions to hand. 

^*:jj Reviews of problems unavoidably left over. 


No. 856, by F. Af Geijersstam.— 1 Q to R 8, &c. 

No. 867, by J. Jespersen. — 1 E to Kt 6, P to B 8 ch (a), 
2 E takes P, &c. (a) P to B 4, 2 Q to B 6, &c. 

No. 858, by H. J. C. Andrews.^-To mate. 1 Q to Et sq, Q to 
Et 7 (a), 2 R takes P ch, R takes R, 8 P ch, R takes P ch, 4 Et 
to R 4 mate, (a) B takes Et (6), 2 Q takes B, P takes R * , 8 Q 
to B 6 ch, &c. * R takes P ch, 8 R takes R, &c. (b) R takes 
P ch, 2 Et takes R ch, E to R 4, 8 R to R 7 mate. To sui-mate. 

1 Q takes P ch, Q takes Q, 2 R takes P ch, R takes R, 8 P checks, 
R takes P ch, 4 Et to R 4 ch, R takes Et mate. 

No. 859, by T. G. Hart. — Mr. Laws solves this in four moves, 
thus— 1 Et to Et 6, B to B sq (best), 2 R to B sq or B 2, B to 
R 8 (a), 8 Et to R 4, B to Et 2 or B sq, 4 Q to Q 5 or Et to 
B 6 ch. Mates accordingly, (a) B to Q 2, 8 R to B 6 ch, B 
takes R, 4 Q to Q 5 ch, B takes Q mate. 

No. 860, by Chas. E. Tuckett. 1 Q to Q Et 5, E to Q B 7, 

2 Et to Q R sq, 2 E to Q 6, 8 Q mates. Or 2 E to Q B 8, 8 E 
moves dis ch by R. Or 1 E to E 6, 2 Et to Q 2 ch, 2 Et 
takes Et, 8 Et mates. Or 2 E to Q 6, 8 Q mates. 

No. 861, by F. M. Teed.— 1 B to E B 6, Et to R 6, 2 B to 
Q 8, Et moves, 8 B or P takes Et, P moves, 4 B to E 5 mate. 
1 Et to Et 5, 2 B to Et sq, &o. 1 Et to E 8, 2 B to E 4, &c. 
1 Et to R 8, 2 B to E 5, Et moves, 8 R to E Et sq, Et moves, 
4 B takes P mate. 



Ko.862.— EtP.APGEIJEBSSTAM. No. 868.— Bi T. G. HABT. 

vbhe. white. 

White to pUj and mate in three mores. White to pla; and mate in thrte a 

No. 864.— By 3. JESPEE8EN. No. 866— By B. G. LAWS. 



White to pis; and mate in three moves. White to play and mate in five m 

The British Chess Magazine. 

OCTOBER, 1886. 


Air, **Old Simon the CeUarer" 

Old Steinitz the champion keeps a rare store 
Of his Gambit of deep strategy, 
Buy Lopez, Giuoco and two or three more, 
For a Imowing old codger is he ! 
Of deep combinations he seldom doth fail. 
And all the game through he wards off a stale f 
Yet his play's never stale, he quaintly doth say. 
While he sticks to time-limit and one game a day ! 
But ho! ho! ho! his score doth show 
How oft to the bad his opponents go ! 

Herr Zukertort sits at his own Chess-board, 

And a master-player is he! 

With analyses deep his memory's stored, 

Queen's Gambit and Kt E B three ! 

And there's a Chess-Monthly comes out now and then 

With its pages illumined by Zukertort's pen ! 

Now Zukertort says he's a dab at the game, 

While Steinitz avouches that he's just the same ! 
But ho ! ho ! ho ! old Steinitz doth know 
That a champion player must beat many a foe ! 

Herr Steinitz reclines in his champion chair. 

And talks about making a match ! 

While Zukertort often is heard to declare. 

Next time Steinitz a Tartar shall catch ! 

But a championship match is not made in a day, 

Whilst from New York to London 's a jolly long way : 

So meanwhile it ends with a shake of the head. 

And Steinitz revises his Gambit instead! 

But ho ! ho ! ho ! both chuckle and crow, 
What ! afraid of the other ? oh no ! no ! no ! 

J. G. Cunningham. 




Played at Whitby. 

(King's Gambit.) 


(Mr. Grimshaw.) 

1 P to K 4 

2 P to K B 4 
8 Kt to K B 8 

4 B to B 4 

5 Kt to B 8 (a) 

6 P to Q 4 

7 Kt to K 2 (b) 

8 Kt to Q 2 (c) 

9 P to Kt 8 

10 B tks B P ch 

11 RtoKBsqch 

12 P tks P 


(Mr. B.) 
P to K Kt 4 
B to Kt 2 
P to K R 8 
P to Kt 6 
Q to R 6 ch 
K to K sq 
Q to Q sq 


(Mr. Grimshaw.) 
18 Kt to K B 4 

14 Kt to Q B 4 

15 K Kt to Q 5 

16 Kt tks P ch 

17 Q tks B 

18 B to K B 4 

19 Q to K 6 ch 

20 Castles 

21 R tks P ch 

22 B to Kt 6 ch 
28 R mates. 


(Mr. B.) 
B tks Q P (d) 
Q to K B S{e) 
Q to Kt 2 
Q tks Kt 
P to Q 4 (/) 
Kt to K 2 

Notes bt E. Fbeebobough. 

fa) This variation leads to consequences which have not 
yet been fully investigated. P to B 8 has an accessory, more 
showy than satisfactory, in Q to Kt 8, but considering that the 
Q Kt and Q R are kept out of play it is possible that the balance 
of advantage may be in favour of bringing out the Q Kt first. 

(b) Threatening, amongst other things, Q B takes P, which 
takes two Pawns for the piece and plants the Kt at K B 4 — a 
strong post. This method of sacrificing the piece appears worthy 
of trial by players who like a bold gambit; 

(c) Black fails in attempting to take advantage of this 
questionable move. 

(d) What does he want this Pawn for ? He has a clear piece 
in hand, and only requires a safe game to win. '< First gain 
your victory," said Lord Nelson, " and then make the best use 
of it you can." 

(e) It is bad to defend with the Queen, when another piece 
will answer the purpose ; it is bad to place the Q opposite an 
opponent's Rook ; and it is bad to defend with a piece that can at 
once be attacked. He accomphshes the three mischiefs at one 
stroke, without even protecting his B against Kt to K 2 ! 

(f) " Otoljr let me -get at him." But White won't afford 
him this poor little gratification. 




(Allgaier Gambit.) 

(Mr. E. Freeboroagh. 

1 P to K 4 

2 P to K B 4 
8 Et to E B 8 
6 Et to Et 5 

6 Et tks P 

7 P to Q 4 

8 B tks P 

9 B to E 2 

10 Et to B 8 

11 P to Q 5 (6) 

12 B to B 4 
18 B to E 5 

14 P to B 5 ch 

15 Q to Q 2 


) (Mr. C.) 
P to E Et 4 
P to Et 5 
P to E R 8 
E tks Et 
Et to E B 8 
P tks P (a) 
Et to B 8 
Et to E 2 
E to Et 8 (c) 
B to Et 2 
E to R 2 (d) 


(Mr. E. Freeborougk.) (Mr. C.) 

16 Castles (Q R) R to E B sq 

17 Q to B 4 (e) Q to B sq (/) 
18PtoQ6 - ■ - 

19 B tks P 

20 B tks R 

21 B tks Et ch 
22ERtoBsq Et to E 2 
28 Et tks P B tks Et (i) 
24 Q tks B ch E to Et sq 
25RtoQ6(i) PtoR4(A;) 

26 R to E 6 R to R 8 

27 Q tks P ch (Z) E to R sq (m) 

28 R tks Et Q to Et sq (n) 

29 E R to B 7 and wins. 

P tks P 
Q Et to Et (^) 
Et tks B (h) 

Notes bt E. Fbeebobough. 

(a) The transposition of Black's 8th and 9th moves is to 
inflict a loss of time on White if he wishes to play B to B 4 ch. 
See **I. A. N.'s" analysis, B. 0. M. 1885, page 840. From this 
point of view it might be better not to take the Pawn at aJl. 

(b) «*I. A. N." gives Castles as White's best move, with 
B to Et 5 as an alternative. 

(e) Apparently better than 12 E to Et 2 in this position. 

(d) If 14 Et takes P ; 15 R takes Et and if the Rook be 
taken White wins two minor pieces in exchange. 

(ej White has a variety of moves at his disposal, and it is 
hard to say which is the strongest. His choice includes Q to 
Q 4, B 4, E 8, or B 2 ; R to B sq ; P to Q 6 ; B takes P, with 
P to Q 6 to follow ; Et to E 2 to work roimd to the Eing's side ; 
and Et to Et 5. White's first idea was to play 17 Q to Q 4, but 
the reply P to B 4 seemed objectionable. 

{/) Brought about by the latent influence of his opponent's 
Q Rook. 

(g) 19 Q takes B proves unsatisfactory. If 19 R to E sq ; 
20 B to B 7, R to B sq ; 21 B takes Et, R takes B ; 22 R to (^ 8, 
&c. 19 E Et to Et sq equally loses the exchange ; White plays 
20 B takes Et ch, Et takes B ; 21 B takes R, (if) B takes Et ; 
22 B to Q 6, &c. 



(h) 21 E takes B would be followed by B to B sq. 

ri) Suppose 2dQtoE8;24QBtoKsq, Q takes B P ; 
25 Et to B 8, Q to B 2 ; 26 B takes Et, B takes B; 27 Q takes 
B ch and White works out an equal game at least. 

(j) Another critical stage in the game. He has also B to 
E B 4 at his disposal. 

(k) He sees through White's double-barrelled scheme which 
is either to play B to E 6 and win the two Black pieces for it, or 
to prepare some combination in which B takes B ch followed by 
B takes B P may take part. 

(I) If now 27 B takes Et, B takes B ; 28 Q takes B, B to 
E 8 ; and White can only expect to draw. 

(m) 27 B to Et 2 was better. White would reply by 
28 n B to E sq. The beautiful position which ensues after 
White's next move was of course unforeseen. He looked for 

28 Q to Q 4 ch, B to Et 2. 

(n) 28 Q takes Q would leave White with three Pawns to 
the good. Q to Q sq might be replied to by 29 E B to B 7 ; but 

29 Q to Q 4 ch is prettier and more killing. 

Played in the Sussex Challenge Cup Tourney, 1886. 

(Rev. E. A. Adams, 

1 P to Q 4 

2 Et to Q B 8 
8 B to Et 6 

4 P to E 4 

5 Et tks P 

6 Et to Q B 8 

7 B to B 4 (a) 

8 Et to E B 8 

9 B to B 4 (6) 

10 Et to E 5 

11 Castles (c) 

12 Et tks Kt 
18 P to Q 6 

14 B tks Et 

15 B tks B 

16 Et tks P 


(Mr. W. Mead, 

Et to E B 8 
P to E B 8 
P to Q B 8 
P to Q Et 8 
B to Et 2 
Et to Q B 8 
B tks Et 
Et tks P 
Q tks B 
Q to Et 4 (d) 


(Bey. E. A. Adams, (Mr. W. Mead« 


17 P to Q B 4 

18 P to E B 4 

19 Q to B 8 

20 P tks B 

21 B to B 2 

22 B to Q sq 

Q B to Q sq 
B tks Et 

28 P to E B 8 (^)E B to E sq 
24EtoB2 BtoE6 

25 Q to Et 4 B tks P ch I 

26 E tks B Q tks B 
27BtoQ8(/) QtksQEtP 
28BtoEEt8 QtoBB 

29 Q to B 4 (3 to B 8 ch 
80EtoEt4 QtksQ ch 
81 E tks Q B tks P and 


Notes by E. Fbbebobough. 
(a) There is nothing to be gained, or saved, by these 
retrograde movements. He ought to have isbken the Enight. 



(b) Induced by the subtlety of the reply B takes Et, in case 
Black plays Et to Q 4 ; but a bad square for the Bishop in this 

(cj Sowing the seed of calamity. The adverse Queen's 
Bishop is now a prominent member of the opposition. 

(d) White's Uttle traps have gone off aU right, but the 
result stiU leaves something to be desired. 

(e) 28 P to E Et 8 is rather better. 

(/) He might have lingered awhile by 27 Q to B 4. 

A casual game played during the Hereford Congress, 1885. 



(Mr. Banken.) 

1 P to E 4 

2 P to Q 4 
8 B to Q 8 

4 P to Q B 4 (a) 
6 B to Et 5 

6 B tks Et 

7 Et to E B 8 

8 P to E 6 

9 Et to B 8 

10 B to E 4 ! 

11 P tks Pen pass. 

12 B to Et 6 ch 
18 Castles 

14 P to Q 5 

15 Q to Q 8 

16 P tks P ch 

17 B tks P 

18 B to B 8 

19 E B to E sq 

20 Et to Q 5 

21 P to Q Et 4 


(Mr. Owen.) 
P to Q Et 8 
B to Et 2 
P to E E 8 
Et to B 8 (c) 
Q to E 2 {d) 
P to Q 8 
P to B 4 (e) 
P to B 4 ? 
Et to Q sq 
B to E Et sq 
E to B sq (/) 
Q to Et 2 
E to Et sq 
Et to B 8 


(Mr. Banken.) 
22 Q B to Q sq 
28 P to Et 5 
24 Q to Et 8 
26 P tks Et (i) 

26 Q to B 4 

27 Et to Q 4 

28 Et to B 6 ch 

29 B to Q 8 
80 B to Q B sq 

82 Q to B 2 ! 
88 B tks B 

84 EttoQ8ch(m) 

85 Q tks B 

86 Q to Q B 4 

87 Et P tks P ch 

88 P to B 4 

89 Q to B 4 

40 Q to B 7 ch 

41 Q to E B 7 


(Mr. Owen.) 
P to Q B 4 (^) 
Et to Et 5 (h) 
Et tks Et 
B to B sq (j) 
E to Et 2 
Q to Et 4 
B to Et 2 (k) 
Q tks Et 
Q to Et 4 
B to Et 7 
E to Q sq 

Notes by C. E. Banken. 

(a) It is usual in the Fianchetto to move the Bishop's. 
Pawn one square only at first, in order to support the centre, 
but there seems to be no valid objection to the line here adopted 
by White. 


(b) P to Q 4 was preferable, almost compelling P to E B 3 
in reply. 

fc) And now we think P to Q B 4 was the right move, since 
White conld not in that case pnsh on either of his royal Pawns 
without loss. 

(d) The Queen should undoubtedly haye returned home in 
lieu of blocking the Bishop. 

(e) Intending at all hazards to oust the Bishop from his 
strong post, but this would be much better attempted by Et to 
Q sq, or Castles, for if in the latter case White played 11 Q to 
B 4, the answer Et to B 4 appears to be quite safe. 

(f) Black has now a badly broken game, and it was obvi- 
ously dangerous to take the P with Et. 

(g) This effort to force an opening for his imprisoned Rook 
involves exposure presently to his Eing, but it is a case of Scylla 
and Charybdis. 

(h) The Et could not safely go to E 4 on account of 24 Et 
takes Et, B takes Et, 25 P to B 4, B takes Et, 26 Q takes B, 
B takes P, 27 P to E 7, B to E 4 (if E to E 2, then Q to B 6), 
28 B to Q 7, &c. 

(ij The Q B is now hopelessly shut up. 

(j) It was surely better to keep the B at Et 2 and take the 
Et if it checked at B 6. 

(k) The only move, for White threatened B to E Et 8 and 
also Et to E 7. 

(I) P to E 7 here would have been a settler, for if B took 
P, or B took B, White would check with his Et at R 6, and mate 
in a few more moves. 

(m) Here again, of course, the Et should check at R 5, and 
force mate immediately. 


Third match game, played at the British Chess Club on 

August 14th, 1886. 

(French Defence.) 


(Capt. Mackenzie.)(Mr. A. Burn.) (Capt. Mackenzie.)(Mr. A. Bum.) 

lPtoE4 PtoE8 

2PtoQ4 PtoQ4 

8PtoE5 PtoQB4 

4 P to Q B 8 Et to Q B 8 

5 Et to E B 8 Q to Et 3 

6 B to Q 8 B to Q 2 («) 


7 P tks P B tks P 

8 Castles P to E R 4 (b) 

9 QEttoQ2(c)EttoR8 

10 Kt to Et 8 B to E 2 (d) 

11 Q to E 2 Q to Q sq 
12EEttoQ4 PtoEEtS 



18 B to Q 2 

14 P to K B 4 

15 Q B to B sq 

16 P to K B 8 

17 Kt to B 8 

18 Q Kt to Q 4 

19 B to K sq 

20 P to Q Kt 8 

21 B to K B 2 

22 P to B 4 
28 P tks P 

25 K Kt to Q 2 

26 Kt to K 4 (I) 

27 Kt to Q 6 ch 

Q B to B sq 
B to B sq (/) 
Kt to E 8 Q) 
Kt to B 4 (h) 
Kt to B 5 
Kt to B 6 (t) 
Q to B 4 0) 
Kt to B 4 (k) 
B to Q B 8 
P to Kt 8 
Kt tks Kt 

28 P tks Kt 

29 B tks K Kt P 

80 B to Q 4 

81 B tks P ch 

82 Q tks B P ch 

88 P to B 5 

84 P to B 6 

85 B to K B 2 

86 Q to B 6 ch 

87 Q to B 7 ch 
38 P to B 7 

89 K tks B 

40 K to E sq 

41 Q to E 8 ch 

42 P Queens ch 

B tks Q P 




K to B sq 





K to B sq 

B to E 7 ch 

Q to B 2 ch 

E to Kt 6 



Notes by E. Fbeebobouoh. 

(a) In the 5th game of the match Mr. Bum played the 
same defence, but improved upon this move by taking the Pawn, 
which left White with a weak Queen's Pavm, viz : — 6 P takes P ; 
7 P takes P, B to Q 2 ; 8 B to K 2 ?, K Kt to K 2 ; 9 Kt to E 8, 
Kt to B 4 ; 10 Kt to B 2, B to Kt 5 ch ; 11 K to B sq. This 
game was won by Mr. Bum. 

(bj He cannot play 8 K Kt to K 2 on account of the reply 
9 P to Q Kt 4. His choice therefore hes between P to Q E 4, 
P to K B 8, and P to K E 4. This last is not very promising 
as an attacking move owing to his Q Bishop being shut up, 
while that of his opponent has a free course. The reverse ought 
to be the case to put matters on a good footing. As a develop- 
ment move it 18 also far from perfect, for it has to be followed by 
P to K Kt 8, which spoils the arrangement of his Pawns. 

(c) He prefers this to 9 P to Q Kt 4. It preserves the 
balance of position. 

(dj This and the following move considerably strengthen 
his position on King's side. He has time to make them for 
White has moved one piece twice on his 8rd and 10th moves^ 
He also saves time by not castling. 

(ej Still working out the thought which led to his 8th 
move. All he wants now is to bring his Q Bishop into the 
combination, but there is a difficulty. 

(/J Mr. Bum displays a partiality for the ** back step " in 
several of his recent games. He illustrates the distinction 
between retiring and retreating. 

(gj Although the Kt is driven off, Black's 18th move has 
brought Q to E 5 within the range of practical poHtics. As it 
happens nothing comes of it in this game. 



(h) The business on E's side is stopped, pending farther 
alterations in the position of the E Enight. He would like to go 
to E B 4, and this diversion looks very like an indirect attempt 
to open that square for him, by tempting or forcing an exchange 
with the White Bishop at Q 8. 

(i) Still hoping to place his B at Q Et 4. White won't 
allow it. 

(j) In thus dividing his forces to attack on both wings 
he is obviously at a disadvantage. White can defend from the 
centre with aU his troops at hand, while Black's reserves are far 

(k) At last he accomplishes his purpose, but he has left a 
weak spot on Q's side, which turns the balance of advantage in 
White's favour. 

(I) This brings about a position very like one which arose 
in a game played in the 1888 Tournament between Tschigorin 
and Mackenzie, where the former won by a similar device (B.C.M. 
1888 p. 226.^ It is not clear why Black did not take off the 
intrusive Enight. There is a similar instance of over finesse in 
the fourth match game. (Move 46.) 

(m) Still full of fight, but his line is broken. This game 
brings out the skill of both players. White plays for a solid and 
substantial game, but is somewhat slow aboat it. Black takes 
the lead from the 8th to the 26th move, when White comes in 
with his fine end-game. 

Position after White's 26th move. 
Black (Mb. Burn) to plat. 

WmTE (Capt. Mackenzie.) 



Fourth in the match. 

(Irregular Opening.) 


(Mr. A. Bum.) (Capt. Mackenzie.) (Mr. A. Bum.) (Capt. Mackenzie.) 
_ ^ . ^ . . -. _ R to K Kt sq 

1 Et to E B 8 

2 P to Q 4 
8 P to E 8 

4 P to Q Et 8 

5 B to Et 2 

6 Q Et to Q 2 

7 P tks P 

8 B to Q 8 

9 Castles 

10 P to B 4 

11 R to E sq 

12 P to B 5 
18 P to Q Et 4 
14 P to Q R 4 
16 B to E B sq 

16 P to Et 5 

17 P to Et 8 

18 B to Q 8 

19 R to E 2 (e) 

20 Et to E sq 

21 P to B 4 

22 P tks B 

Et to E B 8 
Et to B 8 
P tks P (a) 
B to Q 2 (b) 
R to Q B sq 
Et to E 2 
B to Et sq 
Et to Et 8 (c) 
Et to B 6 
Et to R 2 (d) 
Et to Et 8 
Et to B 8 (/) 
Et to E 5 
Et tks E B P 

R to Et 2 
P to E R 4 
E to Et sq 
P to Et 5 
R tks Et P 
Et to Et 4 
Et to R 6 ch 
Et to B 5 
Et tks B 

23 Et(Q2)toB8(A)Et tks R ch 

24 Q tks Et B to E sq (i) 
26 B to B sq P to Et 4 

26 Et to E 6 ij) Q to B 8 

27 R to R 8 E to R 2 

28 B to B 2 

29 Et to Et 2 

80 B to Et 2 

81 P to R 6 (k) 

82 Et to E 8 
88 P to R 6 
84 P tks P 
86 B to Q 8 

86 R to R 6 (l) 

87 E to R sq 

88 Q to Q 2 


40 R tks E P Et tks Et 

41 Et to B 6 ch E to B 2 

42 P tks Et (n) B tks P 
48 Q to Q 6 E to B sq 
44 P to B 6 Q to Et 4 
46BtoR8ch(;?)EtoEt 2 

47 Et tks R ch E to R sq 

48 P tks R ' ~ 

49 B to B 6 

60 B to Et sq 

61 Et to B 6 

62 Et tks B 
68 Resigns (q). 

Q to E 6 
Q to B 8 ch 
B tks Q ch 

Notes bt E. FBEEBOBOuan. 

(a) The feeling against breaking up the centre Pawns does 
not seem to be quite so strong as it was, since Steinitz adopted 
it. In this instance White gets the best game on the Queen's 

(b) I find this move frequently played by Captain Mackenzie, 
in all the variations of the E P 1 game ; for constructive purposes 
it is followed up by B to B 8, or B to E sq. It combines better 
with P to E B 4 than with P to Q 4. 



(c) In the majority of cases this attack on King's side is 
nnsaccessfol in this opening, although victory may seem to be 
brought ahnost within grasp. 

{d) These are Giuoco Piano tactics, but not so available here 
by reason of the central block. 

(e) A curious move, preparing for one of his back steps. 
He anticipates and provides for 19 Et to Kt 4. 

(/) He has the option of a side attack or a central attack. 
His selections are usually remarkably sound. 

(g) He is sure to get good value for his piece, and damage 
White's position. 

{h) With 28 Q to Et 4 ch threatened, there is no time to 
save the Rook. 

(i) A useful preliminary «. He has at his disposal B to B 8, 
Q to jB 8, P to E Et 4, and Et to Et 4 as continuations. 

(j) The grand preservative in similar positions. Zukertort, 
neglecting it, lost to Schallopp at Nottingham. 

(A;) This is a pretty position, requiring great care on both 
sides to preserve the balance of power. 

(l) Opening the door for a catastrophe, but the move is so 
attacking that what he loses in force is recovered in position. 

Position after White's 86th move. 
BuiOK (Capt. Mackenzie) to plat. 


1^ A ^ A 




WmTB (Mr. a. Burn.) 

(m) The commencement of a splendid hand to hand encounter, 
which tasks the ingenuity and analytical ability of both players. 

(n) He sees that if E takes B, he would win both the Black 
Books by 43 Q to Q 6 ch. 

(o) This is good enough to win, by permitting 46 P takes B, 
which is unsafe at present. White lets the opportunity pass, and 
loses the game. 



(p) Misled by an analytical delusion he drives the E to a 
safer square. He ought to take the Book, in which case Black's 
reply 46 Q to E 6 would lose (through 47 Q to Et 8 ch), and 
if he tried to draw by 46 Q takes At, then 47 B to B 8 ch, E to 
Kt 2 ; 48 P takes Q ch and wins. 

(q) A high-class game. Mr. Bum shows more knowledge of 
the opening, but the Captain warms to his work, and although 
beaten to a stand-stUl wins by steady play and tenacity. 


The following is the tenth and last match game, played at 

Simpson's on August 2drd, 1886. 


(Irregular Opening.) 


(Mr. A. Bum.)(Capt.Mackenzie.) (Mr. A. Bum.)(Capt.Mackenzie.) 

P to E B 4 
Et to E B 8 
P to Q Et 8 
B to Et 2 
Et to B 3 
Q to E sq 

1 Et to E B 8 

2 P to Q 4 
8 P to E 8 

4 P to B 4 

5 Q Et to Q 2 

6 B to E 2 

7 Castles 

8 Q to B 2 

9 B to Q sq 

10 Et to B sq (b) B to E 2 

11 B to Q 2 (c) Et to Q sq 

12 Q B to B sq 

18 P to Q 5 (d) 

14 B to E sq 

15 Et to Q 4 (e) 

16 P to B 8 

19 Q tks P Et to Q 8 

20 Q to B 8 (h) P tks P 

21 B tks P ch 

Et to B 2 
Et to E 5 
P to Q B 8 
Et to B 8 

22 B tks Et 
28 B to B 2 
24 Q to B 4 
26 B to B 2 

26 P to E Et 4 (i) B to E 8 

27 Et to Q 4 P to B 4 

28 Et tks B Q tks Et 

29 P to E Et 5 Et to E sq 

Et tks B 
B to B sq 
B to B sq 

80 P to B 4 

81 P to Q B 8 

82 P tks P 

83 B to Et sq 

34 Q to Et 8 

35 B to Et 2 

36 Q to Et 2 

37 B to Q 2 

38 P to B 3 

39 Q to Et 4 

40 E to Et 2 

41 E to Et ! 

42 E to B 2 ! 

43 Q tks P 

44 Q to E 2 

45 B to B 3 

46 Et to Et 3 

47 E tks B 

48 B to Et 2 

49 Q tks B 

50 Q to B 3 

51 E to Et 2 

52 Q tks Q 

53 B to Q 2 

54 B tks B 
56 B to B 2 

56 P to Et 6 

57 E to B 3 

58 B to Q Et 2 

BtoQ 8 
Et to B 2 
Q to B 4 
Et to E 8 
Q to E 5 ch 
P to E B 4 
Et to B 2 
B to Et 8 
B tks Et 
B tks B ch 
Q tks P ch 
B tks P ch 
PtoQ 5 
Et to Q 6 
PtksP ! 
Et to B 4 
Et to Q 2 

and the game was drawn, (n) 


PoaitioD ftfter White's 41st move. PositioD after White's 47th move. 
Biacx (Capt. Mackenzie.) Blaoe (Gapt. Mackekzie.) 

Whitb (Me. Busn.) White {Mr. Bdbn.) 

Notes bt E. Fbseborouoh. 

(a) In game 446 Mi. Bird makes the same move, afterwards 
retiring B to E 2. It checks the advance of the Q Pawn. 

(b) He triea to economise P to Q B S, but it has to be 
plaj'ea at a less oonvenient time. 

(c) This ia snbstitoted for P to Q B S. One consequence is 
that he does not play Kt to K sq. P to Q B 8 might be followed 
by Et to E sq, and P to B 8, when Black's Q's Bishop would be 
harmless for some time. The objection is that Black's Q Ei%ht 
might work ronnd to E Kt 4. 

(cJ) The idea of taking Black's E B P in exchange for the 
Q P, to which this move leads, is one that is open to objection in 
theory. The Qaeen can be driven away before she can do any 
mischief. Black can thas gain time, and bring his Book into 
action. This is worse than anything likely to arise &om B takes 
Et at present. The foot that tiiere is no better move than P to 
Q 6 at this point shows something wrong in the adjustment of 
acts to ends. The B at Q 2 is the culprit. 

(e) He gains a valuable time by this move. 

(/) Tuniing the tables. Black is, however, quite equal to 
the occasion. His play with the Bishops is worth attention. 

(^) 18 P takes P is the simplest way out of an extremely 
delicate situation. 

(h) The complicated evolutions which follow prove that the 
Queen ought to have retreated the other way. Better have kept 
out of " cette galore " in the first instance. 



(t) A new phase of the game presents itself. There is a 
general mS16e, and re-arrangement of the men. 

(j) Dangerous, but he has no time to spare for moving the 
Et. The new arrangement has not turned out so badly for White. 
His pieces seem well defended. /The King's move, however, shows 
a weak spot. 

(A;) See Diagram I. There is another course by 41 P to Q 5. 
There is also something to be said for 41 B to E 4 ; (if) 42 B to 
Et 8, P to Et 8 ; 48 P to B 4, Q to B 5. The move actually 
adopted is well met by White's reply. 

(I) Stopping 45 Et to Et 8 ; for then B takes Et ; 46 E takes 
B, and B to E Et 8 ch comes in with effect. 

(m) 47 Et to B 8 is tempting. (See Diagram H.) It keeps 
the Book on the board and threatens to win the E P by Et to B 4 
ch. If White defends with B or B he loses the game by Q to 
Et 8 ch. n 48 B to Et 2, Et to B 4 ch ; 49 E to B 2, B takes 
B P ; 50 B to Q 2, B to E 4 &c. ; (if) 50 B to Q 4, Et takes B ; 
51 P takes Et, Q takes P ch ; 52 E to B 8, B to B 8 ch and wins : 
(if) 50 B takes P, B takes P ch ; (if) 50 B takes P ch, Et takes B ; 
51 P takes B, Q takes P ch &o, 48 B to E sq does not mend 

(n) The game was played until the 114th move. It is rare to 
find a drawn game so interesting. There is an immense amount 
of play in it, necessarily left to the student. The above notes are 
chiefly supplementary to those in the Field. 


The following game was played in a late handicap tourney of 

the Melbourne Chess Club. 


(Mr. Gossip.) 

1 Et to E B 8 

2 P to Q 4 
8 P to E 8 

4 B to Q 8 

5 Castles 

6 P to Q B 4 

7 Q to E 2 (a) 

8 Et to Q B 8 

9 B to Q 2 (6) 

10 P tks P 

11 Et to Q Et 5 



(Mr. Fisher.) 



Et to E B 8 

P to Q Et 3 


B to Et 2 


Q Et to Q 2 



Q to E 2 (c) 



(Mr. Gossip.) 

12 Et tks B 

13 B to B 8 

14 Et to Q 2 

15 P to E B 8 

16 P tks Et 

17 E to B 2 

18 B to B 6 (e) 

19 E to E sq 

20 Q tks B (/) 

21 B tks B 

22 B tks P ch 


(Mr. Fisher.) 

Q tks Et 

P to E B 4 (d) 



Q tks P ch 

B P tks P 

B to Et 8 



B to E sq (^) 

E to B sq 



28 B 

24 E 

25 B 

26 E 

27 B 

28 B 

29 B 

81 B 

82 P 

84 P 

85 B 


to Q sq 




to E B sq 




Q tks E P 
Et to E 8 
E to Et sq 
P to E B 8 

toQB4(t) QtoE8 


P to Q Et 4 
P to Et 5 0) 

Position after White's 18th move. 

86 Et to Q B 4 
37 Et to Q 2 

88 Et to E B 8 

89 E to Q 2 

41 E to E 2 

42 Et to E 5 
48 E to B 2 
44 P to B 4 

46 Et to Et 6 (k) 

47 E to B 8 

Q to E 7 ch 
Q to E 5 ch 
Q to Et 5 ch 
Q to Et 4 ch 
Q to Et 5 
Q to Q 7 ch 
Black resigns. 

Black (Mb. Fisheb.) 

White (Mb. Gossip.) 

Notes bt C. E. Baneen. 

(a) A favourite move with Mr. Zukertort in this his favourite 
opening, but he does not usually make it quite so early ; its main 
object is to enable White to push on his E P at the right time. 

(b) This development of the Q B is also sometimes adopted 
by Mr. Zukertort, but generally, we think, with the view of 
advancing and supporting his Q Et P. 

(c) Mr. Fisher should have retired the B to E 2, and then 
driven back the Et, thereby rendering White's last move a lost 

(d) Our choice here would be E B to E sq, and then P to 
Q B 4, for we beheve Black's combination and sacrifice to bd 



{e) It is questionable whether this is the best square for the 
Bishop, for Black might now have played Q to B 4 ch, 19 P to 
Et 8 (else Black draws by perpetual ch), B to B sq ch, 20 E to 
E sq, Q takes P ch, 21 E to Q sq, B to B 7, 22 Q to Et 5 (best) 
(if 22 B takes B ch, Et takes B, 23 Q to B sq, B takes B, 24 Q 
takes B, B to B 8 ch, 25 Et to B sq, Q to B 7 &c.), P to B 8, 28 Q 
to B 4, P to Q Et 4, and White must now give up his B for the 
two Pawns, for if he play 24 Q to B 3 or 5, then B takes B, 25 Q 
takes B, B takes Et ch, 26 E takes B, Q to Et 7 ch, and wins. 
We give a diagram of this position on the preceding page. 

(/) A very bold stroke, seeing that Black has two united 
passed Pawns. 

(g) The Q's Pawn must go here. 

(h) Necessary now, since White threatened B to B 7. 

(t) B to B 5, threatening to win a piece, was stronger, for 
Black evidently had no escape. 

(j) The game is gone, and only temporary relief could be 
had from Et to Et 4 ; still, it was the best thing left. 

(k) Some of the previous moves of the end-game have not 
been very artistically managed by Mr. Gossip, but this one will 
speedily put the victim out of his pain. 


Played in the pending Correspondence match Sussex Asso- 
ciation V. Yorkshire Association. 

Table five. Twenty players a side. 

Begun March 22nd, 1886. Finished September 6th, 1886. 


(Mr. H. Colborne^ 
St. Leonards.) 

1 P to E 4 

2 P to Q 4 

8 Et to Q B 8 
6 Et to B 8 

6 B to Q 8 

7 Castles 

8 Et to E 2 

9 Et to Et 8 

10 P to E B 8 

11 Et to Et 5 

12 P to E B 4 



(Mr. S. Hudscm, 

Et to E B 8 
P to B 8 (a) 
B to E Et 6 
B to E 8 (b) 
B to E sq (c) 
P to E E 3 



(Mr. H. Colbome, 
St. Leonards.) 
18 Et tks B 

14 Et to B 6 

15 Et to Et 8 (e) 

16 P to B 5 

17 Et to B 5 

18 Q tks Et 

19 Q to B 8 

21 P to B 6 

22 B tks P 
28 B tks P (g) 
24 B to E 5 


(Mr. S. Hudson^ 

B tks Et 
B to B sq (d) 
Q Et to Q 2 
E B to E sq 
Et tks Et 
Et to B 3 
Et to E 5 
Et tks P 



25 P tks B 

26 Q to Et 8 

27 Q tks Q 

28 P to E B 4 

29 Q B to E sq 

80 B tks B 

81 E to B 2 

82 E to Et 8 
88 P to Et 4 
84 B tks B 






B to E sq (A) 



Et to B 2 (t) 
NoTBs BT G. E. Banken. 

85 E to B 4 Et to Q 8 

86 E to E 8 E to B 2 (j) 
87PtoB5 EtoE8 
88EtoB4 EtoB2 
89 E to E 8 (A) EtoE2(;) 

40 B to Et 6 

41 E to Q 4 

42 B to B 5 
48 E to B 5 

Et to B 5 {m) 
Et to Q 8 

(a) This leads to a strong but usually rather dull variation 
of the Frenoh defence. It was much in vogue in' the match 
between Messrs. Potter and Mason, and is well adapted to games 
by correspondence. 

(b) It would clearly be bad play to take either Et. 

(c) Here again it would be unsafe to capture the Et, for if 
B takes Et, 12 P takes B, Q takes P, 18 B takes Et, P takes B, 
14 Q to B 5, and wins. 

(d) There has certainly been no dulness, so far, about this 
game ; the position at the present stage is identical with one in 
a game of the London Tourney of 1888 between Messrs. Bosenthal 
and Noa. Dr. Noa here played Q Et to Q 2 and lost; Mr. 
Hudson's move is an evident improvement. 

(e) It would perhaps have been better to keep the Et where 
he is, for by driving him back Black would materially weaken his 
E's quarters. 

(/) White apparently contemplated this bold advance when 
he made his 16th move. 

(g) A clever sacrifice : if E takes B, then 24 B takes Et, B 
or P takes B, 25 Q to B 6 ch, followed by B to B 5, with fatal 

{h\ Necessary for the defence of the Et in case of B to B 5, 
and also to prevent White from gaining complete command of the 
open E's file with his Book, by preparing to force the exchange of 

(t) It would seem preferable to defer this, and to play first 
P to Et 8. 

(j) As he clearly cannot bring his E over to the Q's side, 
this is lost time, at any rate he should have gone back to Et 2 
when the E P went on. 

(k) We see no object in this retreat, surely P to Et 5 was 
the proper course. 

(I) The wrong move again, he should play the E to Et 2, 
and if 40 E to Q 4, then P to Et 8. 

(m) A fatal error, since it was all important to keep the Et 
at Q 8 ; P to Et 8 might even yet have saved the game. 



Chess m London. 

Chess resorts in town are now beginning to fill again as wan> 
deters on mountain and moor are fast returning to their ancient 
haunts, and in consequence one hears on every side the sound of 
preparation for a Hvely winter campaign. Meantime things in 
the Chess world here have been dull enough since the close of the 
British Chess Association Congress. I met my Mend of Purssell'a 
the other day looking as swarthy as a hot August sun could make 
him. Now I had not seen him since the conclusion of the late 
London Tournament and he was then just on the eve of setting 
off for a hohday walk with Nottingham as its goal. " Did you 
reach Nottingham ? " was my first question, after learning he was 
weU and hearty. " Yes," was his laconic reply. ** What did you 
think of the Tournament ? " was my next query. " Never saw 
it," rephed he. " Never saw it I Why I thought you intended 
to stop in Nottingham for a day or two on purpose to see it," 
cried I. ** True," repHed he. " Explain then, you old humbug," 
I said. ** Explain? Why that's easy enough. Too much row 
forme." "Row!" cried I in astomshment, "What about?" 
"How should I know?" repUed he, "There was a row about 
something ; the weather was too hot, or the room was too small 
or the number of entries was too large or something or other, 
and I can't stand a row, so I made tracks." Of course I don't 
vouch for the absolute accuracy of my friend's report, but it is a 
pity when anything occurs to mar the harmony which ought to 
prevail at a Chess meeting. 

One of my correspondents (referring to my report of B. C. A. 
meeting) points out that Mr. Blackbume failed to win a prize in 
the Dundee 1867 Congress. This is quite true, as the head 
scorers were, Neumann, 7^ out of 8, first prize ; Steinitz, 7 out of 
8, second prize ; MacDonnell and DeVere, each 6^ out of 8, tie 
for third prize, and then Blackbume with a score of 6 out of 8 
(counting one game by default) with no prize. All this is quite 
true, but it happened twenty years ago, and so far as I know it 
is the last occasion on which Mr. Blackbume failed to win a 
prize in any Master Tournament in which he was engaged. 
Looked at in this light I say that Mr. Blackburne's record 
of Tournament play for the last twenty years is a splendid 

I have just noted down the various openings adopted in the 
late London Tournament, with results of wins and losses. I 
annex my calculation.— 

K 2 



Table of Openings, with Results. 







K I^t'fl Opening — 

Rnv IiOD6Z 







Giiioco Piano 


FU^otch Gamfi 


Two Knights' Defence 

Petroff Defence 


Evans GambH tt 


Three Enifirhts' Game 


Philidor's Defence 






Vienna Game — 

Vienna Proner 






Hamne- All&raier 


Steinitz Gambit 






King's Gambit — 

Gambit Dechned 






Knight's Gambit 

Bishop's Gambit 

Close Bishop's Gambit 






Centre Gambit 



Centre Counter Gambit 



1 P to K B 4 (including Prom's 




Close Openings — 

Queen's Opening 

Zukertort's Opng. (1 KttoKBS) 
EngHsh Opening (1 P to Q B 4) 
Van Kruy's Opening (1 P to K 8) 











Close Defences — 









, P to K 4 


^ P to Q4 





Grand Total 






I think these figures show a much closer approximation of 
wins in the defence to those in the attack than might at first 
sight be expected, and the result is certainly somewhat startling 
when compared with the results given by Mr. Pierce in B. C. M. 
for Nov. 1886. There the attack had a distinct advantage. In 
my figures this advantage is reduced almost to a vanishing point. 
"V^at is the explanation ? Are the various defences being 
gradually worked up till they can fairly stand against the attack, 
or has luck had something to do with it ? If one looks too at 
particular openings, results hardly bear out what the "books 
say." Take the " Buy Lopez " which we are taught preserves 
the advantage of the move longer than any other opening, and 
yet here the defence wins 9 to the attack 6. Then again the 
Giuoco which is supposed to give a strong game to the defence, 
yet it only wins once to the attack's four. It is curious too to 
observe that the more conservative developments (Queen's 
opening, EngHsh opening, &c.) only show 4 wins for the attack 
to 8 for the defence, whilst the close defences only show 2 wins 
against 8 for the attack. If chance has not juggled greatly with 
these results they are certainly worth pondering over by all 
match and tournament players. 

We have had one stirring event in the Chess world here 
despite summer attractions, and that was the lively match 
between Bum and Mackenzie. Lively indeed it was in every 
sense of the word for the first four games were won by the 
Captain in his best style. His play was incisive and telling to a 
degree, and the Liverpool player could make no stand against 
him, and as five wins won the match it looked a " mountain to a 
mouse-trap " on the Captain. I am sure that Mr. Bum never 
expected to avert final defeat, though even at that dark hour of 
non-success he did not despair of making some impression on the 
redoubtable Captain. As he resigned the fourth game he said 
with a smile, ** Well, Captain, I don't think I am so much weaker 
than you as present appearances would show." But fortune 
was to change, for Bum won the next two games, and from that 
point Mackenzie's nerves seemed to fail utterly and he sat down 
as if to a hopeless task. The result was that he did not win the 
single remaining game required to give him the match, and the 
final score was Bum, 4 ; Mackenzie, 4 ; drawn, 2 ; and then by 
mutual agreement the match was considered a draw. 

It is evident that these short matches for comparatively small 
stakes are becoming popular, for no sooner was the Bum- 
Mackenzie match over than Gunsberg challenged the former for 
a short match of 5 games up. This, however. Bum declined 
and the match therefore fell through. Some little stir has been 
caused by the terms in which Gunsberg makes public the refusal 


of Bum's. Broadly, I think Bum was not justified in refusing 
to meet Oonsberg on the ground that the latter had no right 
to challenge him having come out below him in two tournaments. 
Nothing can absolutely settle the relative position of two master- 
players but ' a set match, and the very £a>ct that he played 
Mackenzie who was lower than Gunsberg in the London tourney, 
clearly shows that no such bar exists or can exist to match-play 
between two masters who have just emerged from a tourney, the 
one a step or two higher than the other. On the other hand I 
think Mr. Gunsberg's letter might have been couched in more 
courteous language and conceived in a more conciliatory spirit. 

As I write a little match is being arranged between Black- 
bume and Bum, and I have no doubt that before these lines 
meet your readers' eyes play will have begun — ^nay it may even 
have finished, for again the match is to be one of 5 games up, if 
I am rightly informed. The feict that Mr. Bum was willing to 
meet Mr. Blackbume in a set match completely does away with 
the covert sneer conveyed in the last paragraph of Mr. Gunsberg's 
letter, and I have no doubt it was some idea of the Ukelihood of 
this match in his mind rather than any claim of superiority that 
caused Mr. Bum to refuse to entertain Mr. Gunsberg's challenge. 

The Clubs here have of course been very quiet these hot 
months, but they are beginning to wake up. The various 
secretaries had their annual nleetmg on the 22nd September to 
arrange the inter-club play for the winter, and I believe a good 
programme was the result of their consultation. In the Crrr of 
London Club the secretary is busy making up the list for the 
great Winter Tournament of 144 players. He has already got 
about 120 names, and he is only afraid that there will be more 
players offering than he has room for. Most of the foremost 
players, including Anger, Block, Hook, Heppell, Jacobs, Laws, 
Pollock, Stevens, Wainwright, &c., have already signified their 
intention of playing, so that a good contest will no doubt come off. 

J. G. 0. 

Chess m Scotland. 

Correspondence Match — Scotland v. Ireland. 

The pairing has now been carried out so far, with the follow- 
ing result. A supplementary list will be issued shortly with the 

Scotland v. Ireland. 

1. G. B. Fraser, Dundee. Jas. Neill, Belfast. 

2. Daniel Baxter, Alford. D. D. Persse, Londonderry. 
8. Jas. Marshall, Glasgow. S. Agnew, M.D., Lurgan, 
4. Jas. Birch, Glasgow. J. C. Newsome, Dublm. 

6. Wm. Millar, Glasgow. J. H. Taylor, Dublin. 



6. J. D. Chambers, Glasgow. 

7. C. B. Baxter, Dundee. 

8. C. Hillside, Edinburgh. 

9. R. P. Fleming, Dundee. 

10. John Court, Glasgow. 

11. David Chirrey, Glasgow. 

12. E. Davoisin, Glasgow. 
18. D. Forsyth, Glasgow. 

14. W. N. Walker, Dundee. 

15. W.W.Robertson, Edinburgh. 

16. P. Sandeman, Dundee. 

17. J. Mackenzie, Islay. 

18. J. M. Finlayson, Glasgow. 

19. Rev. R. Semple, Aberdeen. 

20. J. H. C. M'Leod, Glasgow. 

21. Jas. Mavor, Glasgow. 

22. G. E. Barbier, Glasgow. 
28. G. A. Thomson, Glasgow. 

24. D. M. Latta, Edinburgh. 

25. David Walker, Udny. 

26. Fred M'Crae, Aberdeen. 

27. R. B. Duff, Liverpool. 

28. Rev. G. M* Arthur, Edinburgh. 

29. Jno. Crum, Glasgow. 

80. J. L. Whiteley, Glasgow. 

81. Neil Kennedy, Glasgow. 

82. Jno. S. Pagan, Crieff. 
88. Andrew Hunter, London. 
84. A. I. M*Connochie, Aberdeen. 
86. D. y. Mills, London. 

86. Dr. J. C. Rattray, Blairgowrie. 

87. Jno. Gilchrist, Glasgow. 

88. Dr. Duncan, Glasgow. 

89. G. P. Galloway, Edinburgh. 

40. Wm. Urquhart, Edinburgh, 

41. Jno. Russell, Glasgow. 

42. R. R. MacFadyen, Glasgow. 
48. P. Fyfe, Glasgow. 

44. J. C. Brenmer, B. -Ferry. 

45. Jno. Drummond, Glasgow. 

46. George Shand, Glasgow. 

47. A. D. Vardon, Edinburgh, 

48. J. A. Walsh, Forsinard. 

49. W. Black, Glasgow. 

50. Dr. Johnston Mac£e, Glasgow. 

51 . John Eraser, B. A. , Edinburgh. 

A. S. Peake, Dublin. 
J. Morphy, Dublin. 
David Midleton, Dublin. 
E. A, Rynd, Dublin. 

M. S. Woollett, Rathmines. 
J. L. Downey, Belfast. 
Dr. W. A. Murray, Dublin. 

E. L. Harvey, Bajigor. 
D. Gunning, Cookstown. 
J. R. Livingston, Lurgan. 

B. Barrington, Limerick. 
Jno. Dill, Lurgan. 

D. Cudmore, Rathmines. 
N. A. Brophy, Limerick. 
W. NichoUs, Strabane. 
Wm. Hanrahan, Rush. 
R. W. Bamett, M.D., Oxford. 
Jas. Gamble, Belfast. 
S. J. Harris, Rathmines. 
Wm. Kennedy, Londonderry. 
J. Roden Law, Londonderry. 
Jas. Spaight, J.P., Limerick. 
S. J. Magowan, Belfast. 
G. F. Barry, Rathmines. 

F. Hobson, Armagh. 
Rev. H. Boyle, Belfast. 
W. C. Palmer, DubHn. 

G. D. Soffe, Dublin. 
Thomas Hoghen, Londonderry 
P. Rynd, Dublin. 

P. Carey, Belfast. 

R. Tennent, J.P., Belfast. 

Wm. Armstrong, B.L,, Dublin, 

V. H. Rylski, Belfast. 

M. A. Ennis, Wexford. 

W. H. S. Monck, Dublin. 

D. 0*C. MHey, Dubhn. 

J. L. Copeman, Limerick. 
Geo. Boyd, Limerick. 
J. A. Conroy, Listowel. 
Geo. Belshaw, Limerick, 
Dr. Shanahan, Limerick. 

E. G. Fitt, Limerick. 

F. E. Harrington, Rathgar. 
John S. M'Lean, Belfast. 
James Cairns, LiverpooK 


The Scotch players have the move in the odd-immbered pairs ; 
the Irish players in the others. 
The following are the rules : — 

1. Each player to play one game. 

2. Seventy-two hours between time of receiving move and 
posting reply to be allowed. 

8. One week's delay to be permitted once on each side in 
addition -to such vacation in autumn as may be agreed upon 
between the players. 

4. The winner of a game, or first player in a dra\Cn game, 
to send copies to each of the respective secretaries without delay, 
and to be at hberty to send copy elsewhere for publication one 
week later. 

5. Players to consider it a point of honour not to accept 
assistance in playing the games. 

6. Drawn games to count half to each player. 

7. Disputes to be referred to the secretaries of the associ- 
ations, who in case of disagreement, will refer the point in dispute 
to a third person to be mutually agreed upon. 

8. So far as not before provided, the games to be played 
according to the rules laid down in Staunton's Chess Praxis. 


Amebiga. — ^There is every probability that an International 
Chess Congress will be held at New York next year. The idea 
originated, we believe, with the New York Chess Club, and on 
August 2l8t a preliminary meeting of the promoters, which was 
attended by numerous delegates from other clubs, and by several 
Chess editors, took place at the rooms of the metropolitan club. 
After resolving that the movement should be formally set' on foot, 
the meeting adjourned till Sept. 4th, when resolutions were pas- 
sed that an International Tourney should take place at New York 
soon, that there should be seven prizes, the first being at least 
1000 dols., and 1500 dols. divided among the other six, and that 
there should be minor and problem tourneys. Mr. Pope has been 
elected the temporary Chairman, Mr. Schubert, temporary Secre- 
tary, and Mr. Max Judd, the Treasurer. 

The Championship of the New York Chess Club was won this 
year by Mr. Delmar with the fine score of 14 J but of a possible 
16. There was only one prize, but the next highest scorers 
were Messrs. Hanham, Loyd, and Vorrath in the order named. 

A new Chess club has been organised at Brooklyn,* and from 
the number of adhesions already received there is no doubt that 
the club will become a popular and a powerful one. 


The New York and Pennsylyania Chess Association held its 
first summer meeting at Cooperstown from August dlst to Sept. 
drd. The champion^p was won by Mr. Shipley of Philadelphia, 
and next to him came Messrs. Seacord and McEinney. The 
word Pennsylyania is to be dropped in future out of the title of 
the Association, and the next meeting will be at New York. 

In the New Orleans Club tourney Mr. S^guin has secured 
the first prize, after a neck and neck race with Mr. Labatt, whom 
he defeated just on the post, their scores being 28 and 22^ re- 
spectively. The rest of the competitors were nowhere. 

The New Orleans Times-Democrat states that the New York 
C C. has challenged the St. George's (London) Club to a match 
of six simultaneous games to be played by telegraph, and that the 
challenge has been accepted. We rather doubt the accuracy of 
the acceptance, since no stake is mentioned, and all the chief 
players of the St, George's are out of town. 

The estate of the late Paul Morphy was sold by auction on 
July 24th, and among the personal property were the trophies 
which he had won by his Chess skill. These consisted of a great 
silver laurel-leaved crown presented to him in 1859 by the Union 
Chess Club, New York, and a silver salver, pitcher, and four 
goblets, won by him in the New York Congress of 1867. On the 
salver is represented Morphy winning the final game from Paul- 
sen, and each piece bears the initials P. M. All these articles 
were knocked down to Mr. Samory for 660 dollars. The cele- 
brated set of gold and silver Chessmen, together with the board 
inlaid with pearl and ebony, were bought for a chent by Mr. 
Denegre for 1600 dollars. This board and men were presented 
to Morphy at New York on his return from his victorious tour 
through Europe, and at the same time was given him an elabo- 
rate gold watch having Chess figures to mark the hours, but the 
latter he sent to Paris to be pawned when he was in difficulties, 
and it was unhappUy never redeemed. 

In the Wilmington Club tourney the first prize has been 
gained by Mr. Matthews, the second by Mr. Feriss, and the third 
by Mr. Betts. 

Cuba. — Senr. Vasquez, the newly appointed Consul to Cuba, 
and the champion player of Mexico, has arrived at Havana, and 
been warmly welcomed by the Chess club there. He has already 
played three matches with Sen. Carvajal, winning two and losing 
one, but the total games scored were ten each and two drawn. 
With Sen. Golmayo, the champion of Cuba, four matches have 
taken place, the latter winning three to one, but the game results 
were, Golmayo 18, Vasquez 16, drawn 2. 

Gerbiany. — The first Congress of the Thuringian Chess Union 
took place at Erfurt from Aug. 6th to 9th. There was a good 


attendance, ten neighbouring clubs sending their representatives, 
among which figure the celebrated names of Eisenach, Jena, and 
Langensalza. In the chief tonmey Dr.Bliedner of Eisenach came 
out first, and Dr. Schwede of Erfurt second. In the lower 
tourney there where twenty competitors. Next year's meeting 
will be held at Jena. 

Thirteen clubs were represented at the recent meeting of the 
Saale Chess Union which was held at Halle. In the chief tourney 
the victors were 1 Herr Schwarz, 2 Herr Flamme. There were 
three other game tourneys, a solution tourney, and the usual 

In the principal tourney of the Jubilee Congress of the 
Bavarian Chess Association at Munich the victors were, 1 Herr 
Neustadtl of Prague, 2 Herr Gutmeyer of Munich, 8 Herr 
Ungemach of Munich. There were three other prize-winners, 
viz. Herren Seger, Munich ; Obermann, Prague ; and Kurschner, 

Russia. — Herr Tchigorin lately won a match of Baron Nolde, 
one of the strongest players of St. Petersburg, to whom he gave 
P and move, by 6 to 2 and 2 drawn. 

Italy. — ^We are sorry to observe that Mr. C. B. Vansittart of 
Rome has disposed of his large and valuable Chess library, which 
is one of the finest in the world. We hope this is not an indica- 
tion that he is about to give up ttbe practice of the game, but it 
looks very much like it, especially since he retired not long ago 
from the editorship of the Italian magazine, and took no part in 
the late National Tourney at Rome. Herr A. Cohn, of 58, 
Mohren-strasse, Berlin, has apparently bought the whole collec- 
tion, which consists of twelve valuable manuscripts, and 960 
volumes, many of them being very scarce old works. If any of 
our readers wish to avail themselves of a rare chance, they cannot 
do better than to send to Herr Cohn at once for a catalogue. 


W. G., Whitby. — Much obliged, but its prior appearance in 
two well-known columns has made it familiar to most solvers. 

J. G. C, Finsbury Park. — True ! it was a mistake. You will 
see the problem on another page. 

Dr. Gold. — Thanks for the problems. We hope to use one 
of them next month. Very long sui-mates can, however, be but 
sparingly available, being seldom looked at, except when a prize 
is offered. 

A. Townsend, Newport. — We are obliged to you, but have 
been too busy to test the position as yet. Please forward your 
intended solution. 



Now that the amended telegraphic tariff is in operation it 
may be worth while to consider how the new system can be 
utilised in the interests of Chess. 

The ordinary notation is obviously too cumbrous for tele- 
graphic purposes, as a move might require seven or more words, 
€,g, ** King's Enight takes Pawn on Queen's Bishop's third 
discovering check." We must, therefore, devise a code by which 
a piece and its position, or move, as the case may be, can be 
indicated by one word. 

The new regulations provide that <* figures count at the rate 
of five to a word," and here we have a code ready made. Num- 
bering the rank and files of the Chess board 1 to 8, beginning in 
each case with Q B square, two figures will denote any required 
square, and any move can be sufficiently made known by giving 
the squares from which and to which the piece was moved. To 
lessen the chance of error in transmission it might be well to add 
a figure indicating the piece moved, and this can easily be done 
by numbering the men as they stand 1 to 5 from King to Book, 
adding 6 for Pawn. Thus the opening move, P to E 4, would 
be telegraphed 6 (Pawn moves from) 52 (E 2nd to) 54 (K 4th) ; 
or 65254. 

In sending problems or otbdr positions three figures are re- 
quired for each piece, and where two pieces of the same kind are 
on the board the position of the two can be indicated by five 
figures. The problem in three moves by S. Loyd on p. 220 of 
the May number of this magazine will serve as an example of 
this. Here White has Knights (4) standing on Q Kt 7th (27) 
and K Kt 6th (76) ; Books (5) on K B 2nd (62) and K B 6th (86) ; 
the Kings (1) stand on Q B 8rd (88) and Black's K 4th (56) ; 
and Black has Pawns (6) on his K 2nd (67) and Q 2nd (47). 
The whole problem then could be telegraphed by the following 
four numbers :— 42775 ; 56268 ; 18865 ; 66747, and a position 
including all the pieces could be sent for eightpence, excluding 
the address. It will be observed that the position of the Kings 
is given after White's and before Black's other pieces, and in 
this way we obviate the necessity of having a separate notation 
for Black, the royal pieces act as a boundary between the 
forces on either side, and no further distinction is needed. 

How far such a numerical code as has been just proposed 
would prove useful depends upon the accuracy with which the fig- 
ures are telegraphed, and this can only be ascertained by experience. 
It may be pointed out, however, that if an error occurred the 
blunder would generally be self-evident, ajid might often be cor- 
rected. Suppose the move to be K B from his square to Q B 4th, 


the code ntunber of which would be 86184. If the first fignre, 
which indicates that a Bishop is to be moved, was incorrectly 
given the mistake would be obvious and the remaining figures 
would give the move intended. Again if we suppose the second 
figure was telegraphed as 7 instead of 6 the error would also be 
apparent as no Bishop stands on E £t square, and if it did the 
move to Q B 4th would be impossible. Practically the only 
piece in whose moves error might be undetected is the Book. 
Let the move be £ B from his square to his 5th, or 66185. If 
the mistake occurred in sending any of the first four figures it 
would be discovered, but if the last figure was 4 instead of 5 a 
possible move (B to B 4th) would be indicated, and the error 
would be fatal to the correctness of the rest of the game. But 
the mathematical odds against such an occurrence are so large 
that it would very rarely happen. 

It is not probable that it would often be worth while to tele- 
graph a problem, though it might sometimes be done by a 
composer anxious to send to an editor a revised edition of a 
position on the eve of pubUcation. Games on the other hand 
could often be sent with advantage. The tariff for Press cable 
messages to and from America is now reduced to threepence per 
word, and the games in the Championship match might have been 
transmitted for about twenty shillings apiece, a trifling amount 
when divided between ten or a- dozen daily papers or weekly 

The playing of matches by telegraph between distant clubs 
is an experiment that would at least be worth a trial. With ten 
players a side the cost of a move in each game would not exceed 
sixpence, and the total expense would be much less than the 
railway fares that would be entailed by a contest over the board. 
In this way clubs like Glasgow and St. George's might try their 
strength that now can only play by correspondence, for it might 
be easy to devote three evenings for a match in cases where it 
would be impossible to form representative teams that could 
spare the time needful for the journey to some half way station, 
even supposing that money was no object, rather a bold supposi- 
tion in these hard times. 

The following might be the programme : — ^two games (A and 
B) to be played by each pair of combatants ; three minutes to be 
allowed for considering each move, and four for transmission of 
the telegram ; and each player to be permitted to take double 
time over say four moves at critical points in the game. 

Suppose the match to be between Brighton and Nottingham. 
A room near the telegraph office at each place is secured; in this 
are the ten players and the teller, no gallery being allowed as 
silence would be imperative ; at 6-SO a telegram is handed in ; 


the teller reads oat Game A, Board 1, 86126, i.e. E B from hia 
eg to Q Et 6, and so on for tbe remaining boards ; in the sac- 
ceeding three minutes the players make up their minds as to the 
reply Uiey adopt, and at 6-88 in Bucc«Hsion they state the code 
numberB of their moves, the teller writes these down and forwards 
the despatch ; the next fboi minntes, while the correspondiog 
message for Game B was on its way from the other end, would 
be av^able for studying either or both of the two positions, and 
at 6-87 the moves in the second game would be read out and the 
process repeated. A move in eadi game would be played every 
fourteen minutes, and the two games "would require, for forty 
moves, rather more than nine hours, or say three hours on each 
of as many evenings. All games unfinished after forty moves to 
be adjudicated by ihe umpire as it would hardly be worth while 
going on when only two or three games remained unfinished. 

Tliat the play would be somewhat tedious may be admitted, 
all that is urged is that on the principle of " half a loaf " being 
" better than no bread " a slow match is better thaji none, and 
at least the pace would be rapidity itself when compared with 
that of games played by correspondence. £ast Maiiden. 


As the score of the Master Tourney at this meeting, page 881 
of our last number, was incorrect in some of the details, we now 
give a corrected one, the names being given in order of merit. 



To THB EdITOB of THE B. 0. M. 

Deab Snt, 

The following correspondence may be of interest to ainateors 
feeling desirous of improving their Chess through the hitherto 
rather costly medium of the Penny Post. In future this luxury 
can be enjoyed for One Half that sum by attending to the in- 
junctions laid down by the Postmaster General. 

409, Oxford Boad, Yours faithfully, 

Manchester, August 25th, 1886. T. H. Hofwood. 

To the Postmaster General, from T. H. Hopwood, 
Sib, re Chess games by correspondence, 

1 have frequently been asked whether Chess games may be 
conducted by correspondence and sent per book post in the book 
form and specimen of moves, &c., here enclosed. As it comes 
within the nature of a circtdar letter (so I think) I have generally 
answered this query in the affirmative and have heard of no 
untoward results therefrom. However I shall be much obliged by 
your opinion definitely (if possible) as to whether I am right in 
so informing my customers. The book weighs under 2 oz. and 
therefore as a book packet would be subject to id. postage. 

Perhaps you vdll also be able to say whether the same rule 
would apply to any Foreign Country in the Postal Union — (A pen 
and ink copy of a partly played game between Messrs. Bum of 
Liverpool and Potter of London was enclosed by way of illustration.) 

. The Postmaster, Manchester, to T. H. Hopwood. 

Beferring to your communication asking whether particulars 
of games of Chess conducted by means of printed diagrams may 
be forwarded through the post at the Book rate, I beg to inform 
you that such documents could pass at that rate when sent to 
places in the United Kingdom, & they were enclosed in covers 
entirely open at the ends. 

I should add that the diagrams in qtiestion* can only be sent to 
Foreign Countries in the Postal Union at the letter rate of Postage. 
Post Office, Manchester, 
August 20th, 1886. 

*j^* A new and improved edition of the Toz Chess diagram 
and game recorder is now ready for delivery. We can cordially 
recommend it to all our readers who are interested in either 
correspondence Chess or the recording of problems or positions 
occurring in play over the board. — Editor. 

* Meaning of course where the moves are written down with 
pen and ink, and not the mere blank diagrams which pass, as 
hitherto, at Uie Book rate. 



We have been favoured by Mr. R. W. Pope of the Elizabeth 
(New Jersey) Chess Association with a variation of the Bishop's 
game, an opening which he thinks is not properly appreciated. 
The variation in question is from a game played by Mr. Pope in 
the Championship Tournament of the Elizabeth Chess Club. 

I P to K 4, P to K 4 ; 2 B to B 4, Kt to K B 3 ; 8 Kt to Q B 8, 
B to B 4 (if Et takes P ; 4 B takes P ch, E takes B ; 5 Et takes 
Et,PtoQ4; 6QtoB8ch,EtoEtsq; 7 Et to Et 5, and Black 
has nothing better than Q to Q 2) ; 4 E Et to E 2. Mr. Pope gives 
this as a novel move. The shade of Philidor would probably 
protest. There is, however, much virtue sometimes in a new- 
fashioned old move combined with modem improvements. The 
game is continued 4PtoQB8;5PtoQ4, P takes P ; 6 Et 
takes P. The position is now modernised into one that may be 
brought about equally well by 4 E Et to B 8 and the opening 
ceases to be responsible for the result. As a matter of fact Black 
lost his head quite early and resigned on the 22nd move. There 
is an advantage in Et to E 2 that it obviates the necessity, real or 
imaginary, for P to E B 8. The question is whether it can be 
introduced into modem play with any advantage over Et to E B 8. 
Mr. Pope remarks that ''the .variation has not been played 
sufficiently to give it a thorough test in practice." Another 
advantage of Et to E 2 is that it leads to Et to E B 4, a strong 
development move, the force of which is not so generally recognised 
as it used to be. 

Mr. Pope asks for a criticism on Mr. Mortimer's defence to 
the Lopez 1 P to E 4, P to E 4 ; 2 Et to E B 8, Et to Q B 8 ; 
8 B to Et 6, Et to B 8 ; 4 P to Q 8, Q Et to E 2. Perhaps some 
of our readers may be able to oblige him. 

The following game played between Messrs. Schulten and 
Stanley is old enough to be new, and shows how Mr. Pope's move 
was treated 40 years ago. White (Schulten) 1 P to E 4, Black 
(Stanley) PtoE4;2BtoQB4, BtoQB4; 8PtoQB8, 
Et to Q B 8 ; 4 Et to E 2, Et to B 8 ; 6 P to Q 8, Et to E Et 6; 
6 P to Q 4, P takes P ; 7 P takes P, Q to B 8 ; 8 P to B 8, Et 
takes Q P ; 9 P takes Et, P to Q 4 ; 10 R to B sq, Q to R 6 ch ; 

II P to E Et 8, Q takes R P ; 12 B takes P, B takes P ; 18 B 
takes B P ch, E to Q 2 ; 14 Q Et to B 8, Q R to Q sq; 15 B to 
E 8, E to B sq ; 16 B takes Et, R takes B ; 17 Q to Et 8, B takes 
Et ; 18 R to B 2, Q to Et 8 ch ; 19 E takes B, Q takes Q R ; 
20 R to B 4, E R to Q sq; 21 B to Q 5, R toEt5 ; 22RtoBsq, 
R takes Q ; 28 R takes Q, R takes P ch and wins. 

The *« Praxis " (p. 269) varies with 4 P to Q 4, B to Et 8 ; 
adding that 5 Et to E B 8 is somewhat better than 5 Et to E 2. 


'' Black is obliged to answer either with Q to E 2, or P takes P, 
and each leads to a yariation of the Giuoco Piano slightly in 
favonr of the first player." 

Col. 0. J. Shipnes (15th Wisconsin) who is giving in the 
Milwaukee Telegraph a history of his adventures in the Civil War 
in the United States, was captured and conveyed to Libby prison, 
Richmond, Virginia, and in regard to it he remarks : — << In a 
place of that kind, and where so many are together, almost every 
conceivable way is resorted to ' to kill time.' Chess-playing was 
very much indulged in, and I took my first lesson in Chess here. 
Frequently parties of several on each side played against each 
other and then the game might last for days. At least once, and 
I don't know but oftener, our room played against another room 
and it took hours sometimes to make a single move. Each room 
had its board and when a move was made notice was sent to the 
other room stating what the move was, and then they would lay 
their heads together, study all the possible bearings that certain 
moves could have on the game, finally decide on the one thought 
best, and send word to the otiier room. This game, I think, 
lasted several weeks." 

We extract the following from the New Orleans Times- 
Democrat of September 5th, to show our co-operators that their 
*' labour of love " is appreciated on the other side of the water 
as well as at home. We may say that the many friendly notices 
of the B.C.M. by our brother editors encourage us to persevere 
in our efforts to keep up the standard of the magazine in all its 
departments. ** — The extensive and remarkably interesting 
double-number of the British Chess Magazine for August- 
September, just to hand, is so elegant a specimen of the Chess- 
magazine literature of the present day as to merit more than a 
passing notice. Within its beautifully and most accurately 
printed sixty-eight pages, we may first note a very suggestive 
and somewhat phHosophical article of five pages on Chess 
** generalship," embodying a bright, illustrative game, from the 
pen of that able player and critic, Mr. E. Freeborough. This is 
succeeded by an exhaustive analysis of a newly suggested defence 
to the newly suggested " Pierce Gambit " (1 P to K 4, P to K 4 ; 
2KttoQB8, KttoQBS; 3 P to B 4, P takes P; 4KttoB8, 
P to K Kt 4 ; 5 P to Q 41, etc.,) by the author of that dSbtU^ 
covering some five pages. The ** Game Department," embracing 
twenty-two pages and including fourteen parties fully annotated, 
and in turn succeeded by three pages devoted to the analysis of a 
noteworthy end-position, brings us to the pi^ce de resistance of the 
number, a full and splendidly prepared account of the late grand 
tourney in London, containing brief disquisitions upon the play 
of each master engaged, illustrated with no less than twenty-six 
diagrams, including twenty-one pages, and covering every point 


of interest touching that memorable meeting. The Counties 
Chess Association Congress, too, which must have closed only 
just before the number went to press, is next fairly though, of 
necessity, more briefly, described, and siz pages of interesting 
"Chess jottings," "Foreign news" and special Chess corres- 
pondence bring us to the fine Problem Department edited by 
that master in problem skill and lore, the veteran H. J. C. 
Andrews. This section covers six pages and concludes what we 
must pronounce a model number of the best type of the modem 
Chess magazine. That such a periodical should be published 
at a subscription of only six shillings per annum is truly 

We refer our readers to an announcement in the " Problem 
World" of a projected work on the problem art by our own 
problem editor in conjunction with other well-known problemists. 
B. C. M. students are so familiar with the work of Mr. Andrews 
as a critic and composer that no words of ours are required to 
recommend the project as one well worthy of their support and 

We have received the fourth annual report of the Brighton 
Chess Club, which is of a very encouraging nature. The club is 
evidently in a very healthy and flourishing condition, and has 
our best wishes for its future prosperity. 

The first annual meeting of the Bristol Chess and Draughts 
Club was held September 24th at the club-room, the Priory 
Bestaurant. Mr. J. Burt, President, was in the chair, and there 
was a full attendance. The Secretary, in his report, stated that 
the number of members was close upon sixty, and that the Chess 
department was a great success; but he could not speak so 
favourably of the Draughts section. 

The Norfolk and Norwich Chess Club held their annual 
general meeting September 24th, with the President (Mr. J. 0. 
Howard Taylor) in the chair, when the following gentlemen were 
elected honorary members : — ^Baron Kolisch, Herr Steinitz, Herr 
Zukertort, and Mr. Blackbume. All four gentlemen have at 
different times visited the club and played Chess against its 

Captain Mackenzie in Glasgow. — Captain Mackenzie has 
been in Glasgow for rather more than a week. He spent a 
considerable portion of his afternoons in the Booms of the Glasgow 
Chess Club playing off-hand games with different members of the 
club, almost invariably winning them. He gave two exhibitions 
Off simultaneous play. The first of these was on Monday night, 
Sept. 18th, at the Central Club. Play began about 7 and lasted 
till 10-80. He had 17 antagonists, viz. :— Messrs. Court, Harrison, 
M'Morrow, A. Buchanan, J. Buchanan, Fair, Bennie, Slaven, 
Shand, Milton, Grant, £irk» Wright, Young, M'Combie, Miller, 


and J. BnBsell. Th« 15 first named lost their games to him. 
Messrs. Miller and Bossell succeeded in drawing. In the Booms 
of the Glasgow Chess CInb on Tuesday evening, Sept. 14tb, the 
second eshibition of simultaneous play took place, lasting from 
6-80 till 10. Oiilj 1^ competitors mustered on this occasion, 
viz., Dr Macfie, Sheriff Spens, Messrs. Black, Firrie, Berwick, 
Gilchrist, Court, Bnssell, Macleod, Fyfe, Chambers, Dickson, 
Finlayson, and Sband. The result was that Capt. Mackenzie lost 
three games — ^to Sheriff Spens and Messrs. Finlayson andFjfe 
(in the latter case a second game)-— drew with Mr. Court, and 
won all the other games. Several other players having lost at an 
early stage were, by the courtesy of their opponent, permitted to 
play a second game. Capt. Mackenzie left a very pleasant 
unpression with Glasgow Chess-players, not only of lus splendid 
abihty as a Chess-player, but of his personal attractiveness and 


White to play and mate in 16 moves. 
For the best solution sent to the composer, 18 College Green, 
Bristol, on or before the 20th inst., a cabinet size copy of Jan. 
1686 B. C. M. Group-photo will be awarded. 



Bt H. J. G. AlHuvewb, 

The Ghbss Pboblem Text Book with Illustbations. — 
Under this title a notable addition to the literature of the Chess 
problem art is in course of preparation and will be issued as soon 
as possible. It will be the joint work of Messrs. H. J. G. 
An<^ews, E. N. Frankenstein, B. G. Laws, and 0. Planck, M.A.t 
and besides including a selection of 400 problems and positions 
by those weU-known composers will contain an illustrated essay 
on the art. The latter will be a novel and special feature in the 
book, no treatise or dissertation by any recognised authority 
having hitherto been published in this country. The volume 
will be brought out by the eminent firm of Cassell and Go., and 
the publishing price will be 6/-. 

New Chess Problem books still continue to be the order of 
the day both here and abroad. Besides collections by F. Hoff- 
man of Germany, and G. E. Carpenter in the United States, a 
.little book entitled Chess Souvenirs by E. J. Winter Wood has 
been lately forwarded to us and will be noticed in our next 

The B. C. A. Problem Tourney of 1885 has culniinated with 
an unexpected and unpleasant incident. The four-move problem 
by H. M. Prideaux, crowned with special honours in the award, 
has succumbed to one of the most palpable *' cooks " we ever 
saw in a tourney problem. It is just the sort of demoUtion a 
composer — ^serenely engrossed by his own ideas — is too often apt 
to overlook, but likely to be seen through at a glance by any 
practised examiner. Several correspondents have drawn our 
attention to this discovery and have inquired whether the award 
is likely to be revised. We fear that the rules of this tourney 
did not make any actual provision against such accidents. The 
plan of leaving an award open for a fixed period of time is ver^ 
generally in vogue. One month is the lavourite limit for this 
purpose, but experience has shown that this space might be 
enlarged with signal advantage. For it is not merely the 
accuracy of competing problems that is thereby put to the test, 
but also the bona fides of composers and their avoidance of close 
tiiough involuntary imitation of prior works. Solution tourneys are 
generally successful in revealing flaws, but grave objections class- 
ing under the other categories named sometimes come from abroad, 
the attention of the objectors being only drawn to the stratagems 
impugned by their publication as prize problems. It would seem, 
however, that the B. C. A. problems did not even enjoy the usual 
degree of sifting or anything approaching thereto, as we have 

K 8 


received from Etut Marden an analysis of the fonr-mover in the 
second prize set, showing it to be so afiOioted with duals through- 
out, as to leave it — our correspondent observes — ^beneath even 
publication standard. 

Our problems this month include a first prize three-mover by 
Mr. C. Planck who, at hia present rate of scoring, will not be long 
in " compiling' " — Ebs cricketers say — " his century 1 " 

Signer Aspa's variety of the retractatory problem given last 
month is not we t&aoj very tractable and Mr. Cunningham has 
noted more than one flaw in the indictment, at the same time 
bvonring ns with another example of the genus. We present thia 
here in company with a one King two-mover by Mr. Frankenstein. 



Black retracts Mb Ifut move and moves Pat on Black K, then White to 
his King, and White then mates on mate in two moves. 

the move. 

Ths SheffUld and Botherkam Weekly Independent Budget an- 
nounces Solation and Problem Tourneys divided into sections 
for two and three-movers. The three-move Solution Tourney ia 
stated to be for the Championship of Great Britain. The winner 
will gain a Silver Champion Cap value £2 10s., and further 
prizes of £1 Is., 16a., 10s., and a Chess Work value 6a. are also 
offered. In the two-move Solution Tourney, the chief prize is 
a photographic album, to contain photos of 50 noted Chessists, 
2nd prize 10s. 6d. There are seven book prizes in this section, in- 
cluding special rewards for ladies and others who have not yet been 


successful in winning anything. In these Solution Tourneys an 
entrance fee of Is. or photo of competitor is required. As the 
problem tourney list closed on the 80th ult. it is useless to give 
the details. We should think the three-move solution tourney 
— ^to open on the 2nd instant — should produce an interesting 
contest, but a so called Championship of Great Britain involving 
no de^er issue than this is somewhat shadowy. It has been 
suggested, however, that the winner of the cup might be styled — 
as in boxing parlance — ^the Champion of the Light Weights, 
while he — or she — ^who triumphs in the two-move contest might 
be hailed Champion of the Feather Weights ! 

Mb. Mackenzie's CHAUiENaE Self-mate. — Up to the present 
time we have received no solution of the above. We therefore 
extend the period for unravelling its intricacies until further 
notice, in hopes that now the hot weather has departed some of 
our correspondents may feel inclined to test the position. 

Mr. T. G. Hart writes word that his five-move self-mate — 
see July number No. 859 — can be made sound by adding a White 
P at Q B 2. 

We have received the September number of the American Chess 
Beview, being No. 8 of its first volume. It contains 16 pages of 
Chess matter including a full supply of problems, new and prize 
positions, a sprinkling of games with annotations and items of 
news. The number opens with a portrait and brief memoir of 
Professor Ben E. Foster, the well-known Chess editor of the 
St. Louis Globe'Democrat. The American Chess Eeview is sent 
to foreign subscribers at the rate of $1 15c. per annum, or 10 
cents per single number. Address C. F. Wadsworth, Auburn, 
Illinois, U.S.A. 

In the Baltimore News Tourney No. 8 Messrs. Planck and 
Slater were first and second in the three-move section. In the 
Buffalo Times 2nd Tourney Mr. Slater won 1st in the sui and 
5th in the direct mate competition, Mr. Planck obtaining 5th 
prize in the former section. 


No. 856. — A neat rendering of an old theme, invariably 
producing two clean mates. In this specimen there is nothing 
new. B. G. Laws. — Neat but stale. Mercutio. — A pretty position. 
T. G. Hart. 

No. 857. — Very plain, though one mate is nicely brought 
about. Very easily solved. B. G. L. — Easy but rather novel. 
T. G. H.— Just the thing for hot weather. Solved in a trice. 


No. 858. — The direct mate is a pleasant sarprise since one 
looks for a set of checks to accompliab mate. The self-mate ia 
prettily conceived but suffers somewhat by the change of first and 
second moves it admits of. B. G. L. — A double problem of thia 
kind is unusual and one must not expect much from each solution 
separately. In this case the direct version is by far the best. 
Mercutio. — Usually these double-barrelled problems take rank 
merely as curiosities* but here the direct mate contains soma 
interesting play and is well worthy to stand alone. T. G. H. 

No. QQO. — Very fair of its kind but the gmm is not much to 
my taste. Mercutio. — Bather flat and not interesting to solve 
though attractive in appearance. B. G. L. — The total absence 
of pawns is the most striking feature. If Black E moves, the plaj 
is pretty, but if B moves there are duals. T. G. H. 

No. 861. — This sort of thing has been rather overdone and 
like ** the Bristol " begins to pidl upon the appetite. The present 
specimen is neatly put together but easy to solve. Mercutio. — 
An ordinary problem of the ** fixing up of a free piece " type. I 
do not see the utility of White P on Q R 6. B. Q. L.— Thfi 
kidnapping of the Black Et, although weU worked out here, has 
become rather a familiar dodge. T. G. H. 


No. 862, by F. Af Geijersstam.— 1 Q to B 8, P moves (a), 
2 B takes P ch, &c. (a) B takes Et (M, 2 Q P ch, &c. (b) 
B takes Q (c), 2 B P ch, &c. (c) E takes Et (d), 2 B takes 
P ch, &c. (d) Et to Q 6 or B 6 (e), 2 B takes B ch, &c. (e) B 
to B 8 or Et 2, 2 P to B 4 ch, &c. 

No. 868, by T. G. Hart.— 1 B to Q 8, E to B 8 (a), 2 B to 
E 6, &c. (a) 1 E takes P (6), 2 B takes P, &c. (b) 1 Any 
other, 2 B takes P, &c. 

No. 864, by J. Jespersen. — 1 Et takes P ch, E takes Et on 
E 4, 2 Et to Q 6, Any, 8 Q or B mates accordingly. 1..., 
E takes Et on E 5, 2 Q takes Et, &c. 

No. 866, by B. G. Laws.— 1 B to Et 8, R takes B or (a), 
2 R to B 8, P takes R, 8 Q to B 4, Et takes Q, 4 Et to E 6, Any, 
6 B to B 8 mate, (a) 1 P to Q 7 or (6), 2 Q takes P, Et to 
Q 6 (best), 8 Q takes Et (Q 6), P takes Q, 4 Et to Q 5, &c. 
(b) 1 Et takes Q or (c), 2 R to B 8, P takes R, 8 R to Q 4, Et to 
E 6, 4 R takes Et, &c. (c) 1 Et to Q 6 or (d), 2 B takes Et, 
Et to E 8 (best), 8 Et takes Et, E takes Et, 4 R (E 8) takes 
P ch, &c. (rf) 1 R to E 2, 2 B to R 8 ch, E takes P, 8 Et to 
Q 6 double ch, E takes R, 4 Q to E sq ch, &c. 1 Any other, 
2 Q to E sq, followed by R takes P, &c. 


I. 866— Br B. Q. LAWS. No. 867.— By J. G. CHANCELLOR. 


White to plaj and mate in two moves. ' White to play and mata in th™a n 

First Prize in the " Baltimore Suoday 
Newa " ToTimey, 1886. 
t8.— By G. J. SLATER. No. 869.— By C. PLANCK, M.A. 


White to play nnd mate in three moves. White tn [ilay and mate in three n 


No. 970.— Bv G. LIBEHALI. No. 871.— By. H. J. C. ANDREWS. 


White to piny and mate io lour moves. White to |ilay and unite in four m 

Dedicated to B. G. Laws. 
No. 872.— By E. N. FRANKENSTEIN. No. 373.— By J. A. MILES. 

b * mMf^ 





1 m 


m \ 


Whiti! to play and mate iu fou 

White to pUj and force self-in&te ia fin 

The British Chess Magazine 

NOVEMBER, 1886. 


A contost ever £ftmons : foe-men, both 

Well-match'd and worthy of each other's steel. 

Rapid and keen, the one; in brilliant fence. 

Bold and impetuous: with most subtle art 

And rare finesse, assailing. Grand and strong 

The other, unapproachable : resolv'd 

And firm he meets the onslaught fierce, unmov'd. 

And, as a lion waits his deadly spring, 

So watchful, he. The struggle, long and dread, 

A world beholding. Sooth, of moment small, 

Who the great victor in the dusty fight : 

It is not that which thrills us and allures ; 

But breathless joy of battle, rapture keen. 

Bom of the splendid strategy ; the light 

And glory of the twain, reflected, fall 

On hosts around, whose souls are all absorbed. 

In every shock and swift vicissitude. 




Until recently Chess was comparativdy little {nractised in 
Ireland. Gubs languished, individual players were few and 
lukewarm. The foundation of the Inah Qiess Association marks 
the commencement of a new era. In Dublin first, afterwards in 
Belfast, Limerick, Lurgan, Derry and elsewhere, its invigorating 
influence has come to be felt. Among existing clubs the more 
prosperous have attained an additional prosperity, the less pros- 
perous have been rescued from extinction. New clubs have 
sprung into existence, at least one which had died of inanition 
has b^n revived. By its constitution the Association is to hold 
annual meetings alternately in Dublin and some Irish psovincial 
town# Of these meetings the first was held in Dublin last year ; 
the second, of which we are about to speak, has just concluded 
in the capital of Ulster. Some of the English papers wondered 
some time ago whether any reckless persons would venture into 
the home of the Bel&st riots in pursuit of Chess. A goodly num- 
ber have gone and returned in safety ; indeed we strongly suspect 
that some of those who did go are profoundly convinced that the 
much talked of riots are a myth : we know that certain friends 
of ours while attending the meeting went in quest of a riot in 

One of the chief requisites of a Chess congress is a suitable 
place of meeting. In this respect our Irish friends have been 
particularly fortunate, the President of Queen's College, Belfast, 
having with great kindness placed the College Buildings, 
unoccupied during the long vacation, at their disposal, and Uie 
'* Examination Hall" presented feusilities for playing out the 
tournaments which could not be surpassed. The course taken 
by the Belfast College authorities in this instance is one which 
those in authority at other colleges would do well to observe and 
imitate. For the convenience of players and visitors a letter box 
with regular clearances was provided, and at a buffet occupying 
one comer of the spacious hall all manner of non-intoxicating 
refreshments were obtainable. 

The two events of the programme were an even tourney and 
a handicap. For the former the entries were Messrs. B. W. 
Bamett of Belfast and Oxford, J. H. Blaickbuxne, London, Amos 
Bum, Liverpool, John D. Chambers, Glasgow, Ernest Harvey, 
Belfast, W. NichoUs, Strabane, W. C. Palmer, Dublin, A. S. 
Peake, Dublin, and W. H. K. Pollock, Bath. The Irish air, his 
native air we believe, seems to agree with Mr. Pollock. Last 
year, in Dublin, he was first in the even tourney. Again, at the 
meeting just concluded, he has out-distanced all competitors. 


taking first place with an unbeaten score, a feat of which he has 
good reason to be proud when we remember that he was opposed 
by such formidable antagonists as, for instance, Messrs. Blcbck- 
bume and Bum. The winner's game with Mr. Blackbume, an 
Evans gambit declined, which we pubUsh on another page, 
extended over portions of no less than three days, commencing 
on the evening of the 22nd September, resumed on the 23rd and 
concluded on the 28th. Mr. Blackbume early lost a Pawn ; and 
one of his Knights, by clever play on the part of his opponent, 
was placed in durance vile hemmed in by adverse Pawns, two 
disadvantages from which the champion, although he struggled 
gamely on, found it impossible to recover. The game between 
Messrs. Pollock and Bum was of much shorter duration, lasting 
only about 3^ hours. Mr. Bum's 12th move gave Mr. Pollock 
an opportunity of making a brilliant sacrifice of a Enight, an 
opportunity of which he was not slow to avail himself, and 
playing in the best style to the close he maintained his advan- 
tage, winning on the 85th move. One of the severest struggles 
the winner had was in his last game, that with Mr. B. W. 
Bam«tt, begun at the evening sitting on the 29th September 
and, being unfinished at closing hour, adjourned, and completed 
the following day. The result of the game could not affect Mr. 
Bamett's position in the tourney as, even losing, he was secure 
of fourth place, and winning he would still be J below Mr. 
Burn who was third, but Mr. Pollock had he lost would have 
tied with Mr. Blackbume, each scoring 7. Previous to the ad- 
journment on the 29th, Mr. Pollock, having a Rook and three 
Pawns to a Knight and six Pawns of his opponent, offered a 
draw, on offer which Mr. Bamett, who was really playing to win 
for Mr. Blackbume, very properly declined. On the resumption 
of the game Mr. Bamett, although his Pawns were isolated and 
difficult to defend, managed to work one of them up to the seventh 
rank and obliged his antagonist to sacrifice his Book in order to 
avoid a Queen coming into play. Eventually the play here 
left Mr. Bamett with a Knight, and Mr. Pollock with two Pawns, 
It was now impossible for the former to win but at one point he 
might have drawn by perpetual check, a possibihty which he 
unfortunately overlooked, and Mr. Pollock being able to Queen 
one of his Pawns, won the game and with it the tournament. 

We congratulate the winner on his brilliant success. He is 
we believe by blood an Irishman, but not being ** resident '* in 
that country is, by the terms of the programme, ineligible for 
the "Irish Championship" which falls to his latest antagonist 
the accomplished young Belfast player Mr. R. W. Bamett. Mr. 
Bamett, as our readers probably know, is President of the Oxford 
University Chess Club. 


Of the games played by Mr. Blackbome, who takes second 
place, ve have ahready referred to that with Mr. Pollock. In his 
game with Mr. Bum (French defence) Mr. Blackbame with the 
move early made a vigorous onslaught from which he emerged a 
Pawn ahead, an advantage which he retained until the end &nd 
pieces being quickly exchanged off, by which he eventually won. 
The game he played with Mr. Bamett was a long one, the players 
being left with three Pawns to two. 

The only defeats Mr. Bom sustained were in the games to 
which we have already referred against Messrs. Blackbnme and 

The score of Mr. R. W. Bamett, the Irish Champion, is a ■ 
remarkably good one : he was worsted only by the three Masters 
Messrs. Blackbume, Bum, and Pollock. All the other competi- 
tors he defeated except Mr. J. D. Chambers, late Champion of 
the West of Scotland, with whom he drew. 

The last named player seemed a little out of form diuing the 
latter part of the meeting, the bard work of playing in both 
tourneys perhaps telling on him. He did not lose, however, a 
remarkable facility for drawing games apparently hopeless. 

Below we give the full score rfieet. 

Even Toubnahent. 

In the Handicap the score of Mr. Bmn the winner, 18 out of 
a possible 14, is a remarkable performance, and goes far to justify 
his great reputation as an odds-giver. His only lost game was 
with Mr. A. 8. Peake of Dublin, the eflBcient and deservedly 
popular secretary of the Association. Mr. Pollock is second with 
a score of 11^, and is closely followed by Messrs. James Neill lOJ, 
S. J. Magowan 9%, R. W. Bamett 9, and E. Harvey and J. D. 
Chambers equal 6^. 



From the score sheet which we give below it will be observed 
that some games which could not possibly affect the prize- wimiers 
were not played. 

Handicap Toubnament. 





B. Bamett, M.D. 
B. W. Bamett 
B. Boyd 
Amos Bmn 
J. D. Chambers 
James Gamble 
Ernest Harvey 
8. J. Magowan 
J. S. M'Tear 
James Neill 
W. NichoUs 
W. C. Pahner 
A. S. Peake 
W. H. K. PoUock 



































































































The principal prize-winners therefore are — In the even tourney 
Mr. Pollock iei2, Mr. Blackbume £6, Mr. Bum £4, Mr. Bamett 
£1 14s. lOd., Mr. Chambers £1 7s. 2d. (the two latter by the 
Gelbfuhs system.) In the Handicap Mr. Bum dBlO, Mr. Pollock 
£5y Mr. Neill £4, Mr. Magowan jBS, Mr. Barnett, Je2, Messrs. 
Chambers and Harvey equal, £1. 

On Saturday evening in the large Hall of the College, before 
a numerous audience, Mr. Blackburne played simultaneously 
sans voir eight games of which he won five, drew two, and lost one. 

The Association dinner took place on the evening of Friday 
the 1st October, Mr. W. A. Bobinson, President of the Belfast 
Chess Club, presiding. After the usual loyal toasts ** Our Visitors " 
was given, and responded to by Messrs. Bum, Pollock, Chambers, 
and Nicholls, all speaking in enthusiastic terms of the success and 
good management of the meeting: ''the Irish Chess Association" 
was responded to by Messrs. A. S. Peake and WiUiam Steen ; 
*' the Press '* by Messrs. Henderson (Proprietor of Belfast News- 
letter) and MacKnight (Editor of Northern Whig) ; ** the Irish 
Champion" by Mr. B. W. Barnett, and ** the President of 
Queen's College " by the President. 

* Most of Mr. Dill's games were scored against him by absence. 


The stimulating influence of the Congress on Chess in the 
North of Ireland is akeady apparent. The Belfast Chess Clnb 
has been reorganised and is about to remove to new and more 
suitable rooms where, with membership quadrupled, a career of 
unprecedented prosperity is confidently anticipated. W. S. 

We observe with much regret the death of Dr. Clement 
Mansfield Ingleby, which took place on Sept. 26th at his seat, 
Valentines, near Ilford, Essex. The following notice appeared 
shortly afterwards in The Times: — " The death is announced of 
Mr. Clement Mansfield Ingleby, the well-known Shakespeareain 
commentator. He was bom at Edgbaston in 1823, and was 
educated at King Edward's School, Birmingham, and Trinity 
College, Cambridge, where he graduated B.A. with mathematics 
honours in 1847> M.A. in 1858, and LL.D. in 1859. For some 
time Dr. Ingleby was resident in Birmingham and conducted a 
class in logic in connection with the Midland Institute. He was 
a voluminous writer on Shakespearean subjects. In 1859 he 
pubUshed his work on '* The Shakespeare Fabrications," which 
was followed in 1861 by " A Complete View of the Shakespeare 
Controversy." These volumes grew out of the^ controversy con- 
nected with the Perkins folio and Mr. Payne ColHer's publication 
of the marginal notes of the corrector inscribed upon the pages 
of the foHo. Dr. Ingleby was also the author of *' Shakespeare's 
Centurie of Prayse " and " Shakespeare : the Man and the Book," 
issued in two volumes in 1877 and 1881. He farther edited 
several works for the New Shakespeare Society, and published 
numerous pamphlets in connection with Shakespearean subjects. 
He was Hkewise known in other fields of research, and in 1856 
published his " Outlines of Theoretical Logic," and in 1869 an 
** Introduction to Metaphysics." Dr. Ingleby was a member of 
various learned societies, and was a frequent correspondent with 
EngUsh and European students on the writings of Shakespeare." 
Dr. Ingleby was the son of a Birmingham solicitor, and himself 
practised as a solicitor in that town ; but he was enabled to retire 
at a comparatively early age, and devoted himself to country Hfe 
and to Hterature. He was much interested in Chess, and was for 
some time Hon. Sec. of the Birmingham and Edgbaston Chess 
Club. For some years he was an occasional contributor of problems 
to the Chess Player's Chronicle and Illustrated London News, at first 
with his initials only, afterwards with the name in fall. He was 
a personal friend of Staunton's and, it is stated, assisted the latter 
in his edition of Shakespeare. A man of his Uterary distinction 
is an honour to the game, and deserves to be remembered by his 
brethren of the Chess-board. W. W. 




Played April — ^December, 1885, in a match by correspondence. 

(Scotch Gambit.) 





(Mr. J. H. Blake.) (Mr. H. White.) (Mr. J. H. Blake.) (Mr. H. White.) 

1 PtoK4 

2 £t to E B 8 

4 Kt tks P 

6 P to Q B 3 

7 Q to Q 2 

£t to Q B 3 
QtoB 3 
K Kt to K 2 
Castles {a) 

10 £t to Q 2 

11 Kt to B 3 

12 P tks Kt 

13 P tks Q 

14 B tks P (d) 
16 P to K Kt 4 

16 K to B 2 

17 K B to K sq 

18 P to K R 8 

19 K to Kt 8 

20 B to Q 3 

21 Kt to Q 2 

22 P tks P 

24 Kt tks P 

25 B tks Kt 

26 P tks P 

27 K to B 4 

28 K to Kt 5 

29 K to B 4 

80 K to Kt 8 

81 K to Kt 4 
32 B to Q 8 (/) 
88 B to K 2 

84 P to B 4 

85 P to Q B 8 

8KttoKt5(6) BtksB 
9QtksB QtoK4?(c) 

PtoQR 8 
Q tks Q ch 
P tks Kt 
Kt to Q 4 
Kt to K B 3 
P to K R 4 
P to K Kt 8 
Q PtksP 
Kt tks Kt ch 
P to B 8 ch 
R to K R 5 ch 
RtoK R4 
RtoK R7 
K to B sq 
R to Q R 5 ch 
R to K R 2 
P to Q Kt 8 


RtoQ 5 
RtoQR 4 
RtoR 2 
B toQ 2 
R to K Kt 7 
R to Kt 4 (j) 
K to Kt 2 

86 K to B 4 (^) 

87 K to Kt 8 
89 R to B 8 

40 R to K sq 

41 R to K 4 (h) 

42 K to B 4 ? 

48 R to K R 8 

44 B to K 2 (i) 

45 B to B 8 

46 R to R 5 

47 R to R 8 ch 
48R(K4)toK8 R to Q 5 ch 

49 K to K 8 B to K 3 

50 B to K 4 P to B 4 

51 B to Q 5 B tks B 

52 P tks B R to Kt 6 ch 
58KtoB2 RtoQKt6 
54R(R8)toKt8chK to R 2 

55 R to R 8 ch K to Kt 8 
56R(R8)toKt8chK to R 8 
57 R to K 6 ch K to R 2 
58R(K6)toKt6 RtksKtPch 
59 K to B 8 (^) R to Kt 6 ch 
60KtoB2 RtoKB5ch 

61KtoK2 RtoK5ch 

62KtoQ2 RtoK2 

68RtoKKtsq R tks P 
64 R(Kt8)toKt5 R to K R 6 

65 R tks P 

66 R tks R ch 

67 R to K 5 

68 R to K 7 ch 

69 R to Q Kt 7 

70 K to B 8 

R to K Kt 2 
RtoR 5 
R to Q Kt 5 



71 B to Q B 7 

72 B to B 6 
78 E to Q 8 

74 E to B 4 

75 E to B 8 

76 B tks F 

77 B to B 6 ch 

78 B to E B 6 

EtoQ 2 
B to Et 6 oh 
EtoQ 8 
EtoB 4 

79 B to E B 8 B to B 8 cli 

80 E to Et 8 E to Et 8 

81 BtoQEt8chEtoBd 

82 B to Q B 8 ch E to Et 2 
88BtoEB8 BtoQEt8ch 
84EtoB8 EtoB2 

86 B to E B 6 



Drawn game. 

Notes bt E. Fbeebobough. 
7 P to Q B 8 has the preference at present. 
Mr. Pierce recommends 8 P to E B 4. B. C. M. 1888, 

Here Mr. Pierce gives 9 P to Q 4, offering the Bishop's 
Pawn, in return for which Black ** has the better position and 
greater facihty of attack." B. C. M. 1883, p. 199. 

fd) It looks as if White ought to win in this position, with 
a Pawn in hand. It will be seen that he does not utilise his 
strength on the Queen's side. 

(e) Mr. Blake notes that this was ** to induce the check of 
the Pawn, and thus prevent the Eing occupying the square." 

(f) A useful resource, threatening to double the Books on 
Eing's file if the Pawn be captured. 

(g) Better than it looks. An advance of P to Q Et 8 would 
tempt Black to bring the Q's Book, via B 2, to E Et 2. He goes 
there, all the same, in the course of a few moves. 

(h) A pretty move, but it leads to no good as followed up. 

(i) White has cleverly put his pieces in each other's way, 
and strives to disentangle them with surprising ingenuity. The 
knot cannot be cut without loss. 

(jj B takes P would not turn out so well on account of B to 
E B 8, followed by B to Q 8, &c. 

(k) Mr. Blake notes that he failed to observe that E to E sq 
was the proper move, compelling Black to draw at once ; for if 
he played B to E 6, and B to E 2, White would win by sacrificing 
a Book and queening the Pawn. 


The following games were played on December 21st, 1870, and 

have never hitherto been published. 

(Evans Gambit.) 


(Mr. Banken.) (Mr. Lowenthal.) 
lPtoE4 PtoE4 

2 Et to E B 8 Et to Q B 8 


(Mr. Banken.) (Mr. Lowenthal.) 
8BtoB4 BtoB4 

4PtoQEt4 BtksP 





6 P to B 8 

6 Castles 

7 P to Q 4 

9 Et to B 8 

10 Q to R 4 (a) 

11 Q to Kt 8 

12 B tks P ch 
18 Q to B 2 
14 P to Q 6 (6) 
16 B to Kt 5 

16 Q R to E sq 

17 P to E 6 

BtoB 4 
B to Et 8 
B to Et 6 
BtoQ 2 
Et to R 4 
E to B sq 
Q to E 2 (c) 
Et to E B 8 
Et to B 6 
Q Et tks P (d) 

18 E to R sq 

19 B to R 4 

20 Et tks Et 

21 P to E B 4 

22 B tks Et 
28 P tks P 

24 Q to R 7 oh 

25 Et to E 4 

26 R tks R 

27 Q tks R P ch 

28 Q R to E B 4 

29 Q to R 7 ch 
80 Mates in two 

P to E R 8 (^) 
P tks Et 
Q to Q 8 ig) 
E to B sq 
R tks Et 
R to E sq 
EtoB 2 
P to E B 4 
EtoB 8 

Notes by C. E. Ranken. 

(a) Mr. Eraser's variation, usually leading, as in the present 
game, to the Mortimer attack. In reply to 10 Q to R 4 Black 
gets an inferior position if he takes the Et, but he may safely 
play E to B sq. 

(h) The usual move here is P to E 5. 

(c) This does not turn out well ; perhaps Et to E B 8 or 
Et to B 6 may have been better. 

(d) It was preferable to take P with P. 

(e) Weakening his E's quarters ; the right course, we think, 
was to play E R to E B sq, for if 19 B tks Et, Q tks B, 20 Et 
tks Et, P tks Et, 21 P to B 4, P to E 6, 22 Et tks P, B to E B 4, 
&e., and if 19 Et tks Et, P takes Et, 20 P to B 4, P to E 6, 
21 R takes P, Q to Q 8, &c. 

(f) But now removing the E R is bad, the Q R should be 
played to this sq or to E B sq. 

(g) Fatal ; P to E 6, 21 Et tks P, Q to B sq, was still 
feasible and safe. 


(AUgaier Gambit.) 


(Mr. Ranken.) (Mr. Lowenthal.) 
lPtoE4 PtoE4 

2 P to E B 4 P tks P 
8 Et to E B 8 P to E Et 4 
4 P to E B 4 P to Et 5 


(Mr. Ranken.) (Mr. Lowenthal.) 
6 Et to E 6 B to Et 2 

6 P to Q 4 Q to E 2 (a) 

7 Q tks P P to E B 8 

8 Q to R 5 ch (() E to B sq 



9 B to Q B 4 (c) 
10 P tks P 
12 B to £ Et 5 
18 B to E B sq 

14 B tks B (e) 

15 Et to Q B 8 

16 Et to Q 5 

17 Q to E B 8 

P to Q 8 (d) 
Et to E B 8 
Et tks Et 

18 P tks Et 

19 Castles 

20 P to Q 6 ! 

21 B to E 7 

22 Q to Q B 8 
28 B takes P (g) 

24 QtoQEt8ch 

25 Q to Q 5 

PtoE B3 
Q to E 8 (/) 
PtoE 6 
EtoB 2 
E B to B sq 
and wins. 

Notes by C. E. Banken. 

(^a) An unusual, but seeminglj feasible line of defence, for 
if White continued with 7 Et to Q B 8, Black would answer with 
Et to E B 8. 

(b) Instead of giving the check, it would be better to retire 
the Et, keeping up the attack on the B with the Q. The sacrifice 
of the Et at the next move is unsound. 

(c) A stronger course probably would be, 9 Et to Q B 8, 
P takes Et, 10 Et to Q 5, Q to Q sq, 11 B to Q B 4, &c. 

(d) B takes P was quite good enough, for Wliite could not 
then castle on account of Q to B 4 ch, &c. 

(e) White may win a Pawn here by 14 B takes Et, B takes 
B, 15 Q takes E P, E to B 2, but it does not appear that he can 
otherwise strengthen his attack. 

(f) Had he taken the B, there would have followed 21 Q to 
Q 5 ch, E to B 2, 22 P takes P, with a good prospect of a draw. 

fg) It looks reckless to give up ano&er piece, but he could 
not in any way hope to save the game. 


To the following game, played in the Masters' Tournament at 
Nottingham, was awarded the prize for brilliancy, given by 

Mr. P. H. Lewis. 

(Giuoco Piano.) 


(Mr. J. Taubenhaus.) (Mr. A. Bum.) 
1 P to E 4 - - 

2 Et to E B 8 
8 B to B 4 

4 P to Q 8 

5 P to B 8 

6 B to E 8 

PtoE 4 
Et to Q B 8 
BtoB 4 
Et to B 8 


(Mr. J. Taubenhans.) 

7 Q to E 2 

8 Q Et to Q 2 

9 PtoE B8 (a) 

10 B to Et 8 

11 P to Et 4 

B to Et 8 I 12 P tks P 


(Mr. A. Barn.) 
Et to E 2 
Et to Et 8 
Pto B 8 
P to Q 4 (b) 
Et tks P (c) 



18 B tks Et 

14 Et to B sq 

15 B to Q 2 

16 P tks P 

17 Et to Et 8 

18 P to B 4 

19 Castles (E B) 

20 Et to B 6 

21 P to E B 4 

22 P to B 6 




BtoQ 2 


BtoB 8 


QtoQ 2 



28 Q tks Q 

24 F tks Et 

25 B to Et 4 

26 P tks P ch 

27 P to B 5 

28 Et to Q 6 

29 Et to B 7 

80 Et tks B 

81 E to B 2 

82 E to B 8 

Btks Et 
B to E sq 
BtoB 2 
B to Q 5 (e) 
B tks P ch 

Notes bt E. Fbeebobough. 

(a) An old friend. Two moves later he intrpdnpes a 
compatriot whose merits he trusts will atone for his own short* 

(b) This reply usually knocks on the head any dilatory 
deyices indulged in by the first player of this opening. The 
compatriot is unequal to the occasion and dare not advance 

(e) Any dream White might have with regard to B to Et 5 
is thus dissolved. 

(d) The commencement of the prij^e play. 

(e) Continuation of the same. 

(f) This and the previous move are the finishing touches. 
Compare with Schallopp*s game against Zukertort. Mr* Bum 
has it in the unexceptionable character of his play throughout, 
while Herr Schallopp is somewhat indebted to good fortune for 
his winning opportunity. 


Played at the Counties Meeting at Nottingham, between 
Herren Zukertort and Schallopp. 

(Irregular Opening.) 


(Herr Zukertort. ) 

1 Et to E B 8 

2 P to Q 4 
8 P to E 8 

4 P to Q Et 8 
6 B to Q 8 

6 Castles 

7 B to Et 2 

8 P tks P 


(Herr Schallopp.) 
PtoQ 4 
P to Q B 4 
PtoE 8 
Et to E B 8 
Et to B 8 
B to Q 8 
Et to E 5 


(Herr Zukertort.) 
9 P to B 4 

10 Et to B 8 

11 B tks Et 

12 P to B 6 
18 P to Q Et 4 

14 P to Q Et 5 

15 B to Q a 
}6 B to Et 5 


(Herr Schallopp.) 

Et tks Et 
P to B 4 (a) 
BtoB 2 
Et to Et sq 
P to Et 5 
Q to E sq 



17 Kt to K sq (c) 

18 E tks B 

19 E to Et sq 

20 P to Et 8 

21 Et to Et 2 

22 Q to B sq 
28 Et to B 4 

24 E to Et 2 

25 B tks Et 

26 Q to Et 2 

27 B to B sq (/) 

Q to B 4 ch 
Et to Q 2 
Q to Et 2 {d) 
BtoQ 2 
Et to E 5 (e) 
Q B to E sq 
P to E 4 0/) 

28 P tks P 

29 Q to Et 8 

80 P tks P 

81 E to B 2 

84 E to E sq 

85 Q to Q 8 

86 Q to B 4 ch 

87 Et to Et 2 

88 Besigns. 

P to E 6 {h) 
BtoEB 4 
BtoE 5 
QtoB 4 
Q to B 7 ch 
BtoB 6 
PtoQ 5 
BtoB 2 

Notes bt E. Fbeebobough. 

(a) Herr Schallopp's conduct of the opening is in defiance 
of the roles that have been laid down by adepts during the last 
three years. His 7th, 8th, and 10th moves have all been de- 
nounced at various times, for various reasons plausible enough 
on paper. Here is another move which is supposed to do no 
good, and leave him weak against a diagonal attack. 

(h) The climax of his offences against theory. His game 
ought to be hopeless — ^lost on both sides of the board. 

(c) Apparently obfuscated by the unscientific audacity of 
his opponent. Et to E 5 may have its objections, but would 
now come in useful. 

(d) Bather than draw, even against probability, he prefers 
to lose a move. 

(e) He gives up a Et for a Bishop, and doubles a Pawn I 
The contemptuous way in which he treats minute disadvantages 
is really reprehensible. But he wins in spite of it I 

(f) This leaves a weak centre, and a weak Q Et P. 

(g) His doubled Pawn is no disadvantage ! 

(h) Herr Schallopp now becomes decidedly and ))eautifully 
scientific in his play to the end. 


Played in the Brightou Ghuardian Tourney between Mr. John 

Bussell, Glasgow, and Mr. W. T. Pierce, Brighton. We are 

indebted for the score to the Glasgow Weekly Herald, 


(Mr. Bussell.) 

1 P to E 4 

2 Et to E B 8 
8 P to Q 4 

(Scotch Gambit.) 


(Mr. Bussell.) 

4 Et tks P 

5 B to E 8 


(Mr. Pierce.) 
PtoE 4 
Et to Q B 8 


(Mr. Pierce.) 
B to B 4 (a) 
QtoB 8 
E Et to E 2 


7 Q to Q 2 (4) 

B tk! Kt (c) 

29 Q to Kt 2 



PtoQ 4 

80 B to Q sq 


9 Kt to B 8 

BtoK 8 

81 Q to Q 2 (m) 


10 B to Q 3 

P tkB P Id) 

82 B to B 4 


11 Kt tks P 


88 B to Kt 6 


12 C«8tte. (K R) 

Q to R 4 (,) 

84 B to Q E 4 


18 Kt to B 6 


86 R to B 6 («) 


14 Kt tk. B 


86 B to Kt 8 


15 B to K 4 

Kt to Q 4 M 

87 B to K 8 


16 Q E to B sq 

RtoQ 8 

88 B to Q sq 

QtoB 2 

n E to B 6 


SB B to Kt 8 


18 E to B 4 


40 B to Kt 6 

Q to B 4 (o) 
Q Iks B P (p) 

19 R to B 2 

K E to Q sq 

41 Q B tks Kt 

20 P to Q Kt 4 

Kt to Q B 8 

42 B to Kt 6 

Q tks B 

21 B to B 8 


48 E tks Kt (j) 

Q tks B (r) 

22 P to Q R 3 (i) K R to Q 2 

44 E to B 8 oh 


28 K R to B Bq 

Q Kt to K 2 

45 Q to B 4 oh 

BtoB 8 

24 P to K R 8 

K to Q Hq 

46 B tks R 


2d P to Q E 4 

Kt to K B 8 

47 Q to R 6 


26 P to E 5 

PtoK 4 

48 Q to R 8 


27 P tke Et P 


49 R to K 8 ch 

RtoE 2 

28 E to B 4 


60 Q to Kt 7 

Resigns (.) 

Position aftor Bl 

sck's 40tli move 

Buck (Ml 

. PlEKCE.) 

Whitb {Mr. RuasELL.) 


KoTBs BT G. E. Bakeen. 

(a) Kt to B 8 here greatly sixnpMes the defence to this 
attack, and is, in oar opinion, preferable to the older book lines 
of play. 

{bj Mr. Blaokbnme, who is a special expert in the Scotch 
(^nmg, appears to wtiver between the text move and Et to B 2 
as the strongest continuation ; the alternatives are B to Et &, 
E 2, or B 4, and P to E B 4. 

(c) The disadvantage of this move is that it gives White a 
strong centre, and afiEords an outlet to his Q Et. P to Q B 8, 
preventing £t to Et 5, is the course now generally preferred. 

(d) This seems sJmost necessary, for if Castles Q B, then 
11 P to E 5, Q to B 5, 12 Et to E 2, and the Black Queen is in 
danger of being entrapped. 

{e) A timid and needless retreat ; Castles Q B is the proper 
course, for the Q would then always have a loophole to escape. 

(/) We see no objection to retiring the B to B sq and then 
drivmg the Et. 

(g) Et takes P would evidently be bad, on account of 16 B 
takes Et, P to E 4, 17 B takes P ch, &c., and P to E 4 would be 
met by 16 P to Q 5. 

(h) Trying to eject the Book from a very troublesome post, 
as well as to prevent the doubling of Books, but the attempt is 
rather encouraged by White, who sees in it a source of future 

(t) If E B to Q B sq. Black can apparently afford to take 
the Kt P. 

(j) White's endeavours have been directed to forcing an 
open file, which Black could not well prevent ; we think, however, 
that he should have retaken with the B P. 

(k) It does not seem that he could gain anything by P takes 
P, for White would reply with B to B 4. 

(I) To free his E Et, which cannot now be moved without 
losing the exchange. 

(m) Threatening to bring in with effect his Q B presently, 
and stopping P to E Et 4. 

(n) The struggle hereabouts is very tough and well contested, 
but Mr. Bussell gets the best of it. 

(o) An important diversion had it only been properly 
followed up. (See Diagram.) 

(p) He should, of course, have retaken with his Eing, then 
threatening B takes P ch ; to obviate which White would have 
been obliged to take the Et, and allow Black to escape firom his 



(q) Mr. Pierce had evidently xiot expected this fine sacrifice, 
which speedily decides the game. 

(r) If B takes B, then 44 B to B 8 ch, E to Q 2, 45 Q to 
B s(}, B at Q 4 takes B, 46 Q to B 7 ch, and mates in four more 

(s) A little analysis shows that Black's moves were all 
foreed^ and that one di hia pieces must now be lost. 


Played in the tournament of the Irish Chess Association at 
Belfast on 24th September last. We are indebted for the score 

to the Glasgow Weekly Herald. 


(Mr. A. Burn.) (Dr. W.H. K. Pollock.) 

1 Kt to K B 8 P to K B 4 (a) 

2 P to K 8 Kt to K B 8 
8PtoQ4 PtoK8 

4 P to Q B 4 (6) B to Kt 5 ch 

5 Q Kt to Q 2 (c) Castles 

6 B to K 2 P to Q Kt a 

7 Castles B to Kt 2 

8 Q to B 2 ((i) Kt to B 8 

9 B to Q sq (e) 

10 Kt to K B sq 

11 Kt to K sq (/) Q to Kt 8 

12 Kt to Q 8 Kt tks B P (g) 

Q to K sq 
Kt to K 6 

18 K tks Kt (h) 

14 Kt tks B (i) 

15 Kt tks Kt 

16 Kt to K sq 

17 K to Kt sq 

18 Kt to Kt 3 

Kt tks Q P 
Kt tks Q 
P to B 5 (j) 
BtoB 7 




A. Burn.) (Dr. W. H. K. Pollock.) 

Kt tks B 
Kt to Q B 8 
B to Q 2 (l) 
Kt tks P 
Kt to Kt 8 
Kt to Q 8 

Q to Kt 5 (k) 
PtoK 7 
B tks Kt P 
P to K B 4 

Kt to K 5 (w) Q to B 6 
Kt tks B B P tks Kt 

B to Kt 2 P tks P ch 
K to B sq K tks Kt 
B tks P ch (o) K to B 8 

B to Kt 2 
KtksP (p) 
K to Kt sq 
KtoB 2 

Q to K B 6 
B to B sq ch 
Q to Q 8 ch 
Q to Q 5 ch 
Q tks Kt P ch 

And White resigns. 

Notes BY C. E. Baneen. 

(a) If the P to K B 4 opening is, as we believe, an inferior 
one, it ought to be yet more so for the defending phcyer. 

{b) This allows Black to goisk time ; it is better to bring out 
the K B and to castle first. 

(c) From the consequences of thus blocking his Q B White 
neveF recovers. The only rationale of playing the Kt to Q 2 is 
to drive back the B presently, or force the exchange of it for the 
Kt ; but White it will be seen does neither. 


(d) The oorrect move now, we think, Ig Kt to Et 8, threat- 
ening to entrap the B bj P to B 6 and P to Q B 8. 

(«) A manoenTre which is at least prematnre, thoogh it had 
the Undable intenticm of freeing his Q'b pieces by Et to B aq ; 
the abstraction, however, of the E B from B sq is at present 

(/} Mr. Bum is rather fbnd of this qniet retreating style, 
bnt something bolder waa to be expected from the attacking 
force, and, if we mistake not, he had here the opportonity m 
winning a piece for two Pawns by P to B 5. 

(g) A brilliant and evidently unexpected stroke. We depict 
ttie position at this point. 

Position after Black's 12th move. 

Blaos (Mb. Pollock.) 

WmiE (Mk. Bitrn.) 

(h) Et to B 4 was better, though it would not have saved 
him &om loss, e.g. 18 Et to B 4, Et to B 6 ch (he may also play 
Et takes P), 14 Et takes Et, Et takes P, 16 Et to B 4 best, 
Et takes Q, 16 Et takes Q, P taJies Et, 17 B to Et sq, B to B 4, 

18 P to Q B 8 (if R takes P, then B to Q S, &c.), P to B S, 

19 P to Q Et 4, B takes P ch, 20 Et takes B, Et takes Et, 21 B 
takes Et, P takes B, 22 B takes P, B to B 7, and must win. 



(t) If P takes Et, Black mates in five moves, and if Et to 
B 4, then Et takes Q &c., as in the last note. 

(j) Much stronger than Q takes P ch. 

(k) There is a masterly insight and vigour in all this which 
deserves the highest commendation. 

(I) B to Q 3 was better, preventing the pretty move which 
next follows. 

(m) White makes a gallant struggle, but the odds against 
him are too great, his Q B and R being still shut up. 

(n) If 27 Et to Q 4, then follows R to E B sq, 28 R to Et 2, 
and Black mates in three moves. 

(o) B to Et 5 ch would have liberated his imprisoned pieces, 
but, of course, could not have saved the game. 

(p) White is evidently demoralised ; here again B to Et 5 ch 
would procure for him a temporary respite. 


Played in the Handicap Tourney of the Irish Chess Association 

at BeKast. 

(Irregular Opening.) 

For the first eleven moves and notes see Game No. 475, between 

the same players. 


(Mr. Bum.) (Mr. PoUock.) 

12 P to E B 8 (a) Et to Et 4 

13 E to R sq (6) B to Q 3 

14 P to Q R 8 

16 P to Q Et 4 

16 P to B 5 

17 B to Et 2 

18 P to Et 8 

19 Et to Q 2 

20 Et to Q 8 

P to E R 4 
PtoR 5 
BtoE 2 
P to R 6 (c) 
Et to Q sq 
Q Et to B 2 
Et to R 8 

22 E P tks P Et to R 2 
23EttoE4(/) PtoQ4 

25 Q to Q 2 Et to B 8 

26 Et tks P Q to R 8 


(Mr. Bum.) 

27 E to Et 2 

28 Q to B sq (g) 

29 P tks Et 

80 Et to E 5 

81 P tks E Et P 

82 B to B 8 
88 B tks B 
84 Et tks B 
35 R to B 4 (i) 
86 Q to B 2 

88 Q tks. P 

89 R tks Et 
40 B to B sq 


(Mr. PoUock.) 
Et to E 5 
Q P tks P 
B to Q 4 
B tks Et P 
Q tks Et 
E to R 2 
P to E 7 
Q R to E sq 



Notes bt G. E. Ranksn. 

(a) In the previous game Mr. Bum here played Kt to Q 3, 
which gave Mr. Pollock the opportunity of making a brilliant 
sacrifice by Et takes B P. 

(b) To obviate, of course, Et to B 6 ch followed by Kt 

(^c) Black pursues his attack, it will be seen, with great 
spirit, but his opponent is not caught napping in this game. 
The manoeuvres of the Kts which now ensue are very interesting. 

(d) We see no reason why he should not play Kt to E 5, 
forcing the Q to retire to E sq. 

(e) A provoking miscalculation : in playing thus Black 
seems to have thought that if the P were taken with P, he could 
recover it afterwards by R takes P, and if 22 P takes R, Et to 
E 5, quite forgetting that 23 Et to E sq spoilt the combination. 

(/) The tables are now completely turned, and from this 
point White steadily pursues his career of victory. 

(g) He might safely capture the Et and then retire the Q to 
B sq, but the text play renders Black's last move useless. 

(h) Being already two Pawns behind, Mr. Pollock deems 
that his only chance lies in keeping up an attack, for which a 
further sacrifice is now necessary. 

(i) The exchange of pieces has been, of course, all in White's 
favour, and this capital move at once enables him to force the 


Played at Belfast, 22nd, 23rd and 28th September, 1886, in the 
Even Tournament of the Irish Chess Association. 

(Evans Gambit declined.) 


(Mr. Pollock.) (Mr. Blackbume.) 

1 P to E 4 

2 Kt to K B 3 
8 B to B 4 

4 P to Q Kt 4 

5 P to Kt 5 

6 B to K 2 (i) 

8 B to K Kt 5 
10 Kt to B 3 

PtoK 4 
Kt to Q B 3 
BtoB 4 
B to Kt 3 (a) 
Kt to R 4 
Kt to K B 3 
P to K R 3 
B to K 3 (f ) 
Q to K 2 



(Mr. Pollock.) (Mr. Blackbume,) 

11 Kt to R 4 R to Q sq {d) 

12 Kt tks B R P tks Kt (e) 

13 P to Q B 4 P to Kt 4 

14 B to Kt 3 Kt to Q 2 
16PtoKR4(/)PtoKt 6 
16 Kt to Q 2 P to R 4 
17QtoB2(^) RtoKKtsq(/*) 

18 Kt to B sq Kt to B sq 

19 P to B 3 P tks P 

20 K B tks P B to Kt 5 



21 B tks B 

22 Kt to K 8 (i) 
28 Kt to Q 5 

24 Q to E B 2 

25 Castles (K R) 

26 K to R 2 

27 Q to B 3 

28 Q tks R P 

29 Kt to K 8 

80 Kt to B 5 ch 

81 Q to B & 

82 B to B 2 
88 P to Kt 8 

84 B to K 8 

85 K to Kt 2 

86 K to B 2 

87 P to R 5 (k) 

88 Q tks Kt 

89 Q tks Q 

R to Kt 8 
QtoQ 2 
Kt to R 2 
P to K B 3 
E to Kt 2 
R to K R sq 
Kt to B sq 
K to Kt sq 
Kt to K 8 
QtoR 2 
KtoB 2 
K to K sq 0) 
R (R sq) to K 

Kt to Kt 2 
Kt tks Kt 

40 R to R sq 
42 K to B 8 
48 K to Kt 4 (w) 

44 K to B 5 

45 P to R 6 

46 P to Kt 4 

47 P to Kt 5 

48 P tks P 

49 K to Kt 5 

50 K to R 5 

51 B to Kt 5 ch 
58 K to Kt 6 

54 R to B 6 
65 R to K 6 ch 

56 R to B sq ch 

57 R tks R ch 

58 R to B 6 

KtoB 2 
R to Q R sq 
K to Kt sq 
R to Kt 2 ch 
KtoB 2 
R to K R 2 
R to K Kt sq 
R to Kt 8 
R tks P ch 
RtoB 6 
K to K sq 
RtoQ 2 
K to B sq 

Notes qy E. Fbeebobouob. 

(a) Good play, considering that Mr. Pollock was in such 
" fine fettle." 

(b) 6 Kt takes P is the usual move. The variation 6 B to 
K 2 is ascribed to Mr. Minchin. It is probable that some 
Teutonic master may also claim credit for having played it at 
some remote period. 

(c) 9 B to Q 2 seems more to the point, Black being strongest 
on the Q's side. Suppose 9 B to Q 2 ; 10 P to R 4, P to B 8 ; 
(if) 11 P to Q 4, Q to K 2 ; and he has the choice of B sq, or 
Q sq for his Rook, with a prospect of ultimately releasing the Kt. 

(dj Which gives him a cramped game. He plays for a 
strong oentre, where, however, Black is in force. It does not 
answer, as will be seen anon. 

(e) 12 B P takes Kt would Iqave more freedom of action, 
but would interfere with the above project. 

(f) White continues the attack from this point with remark- 
able ability and force. 

(g) Providing for several contingencies; P to K B 4, P to 
Q 4, Kt to B 4 &o. 

(h) He stops White's reply P to B 8 in case he should wish 
to make that move himself, but Mr. Pollock anticipates his wishes. 

(i) Fine play from several points of view. It is in fact a 
winning move. The unfortunate situation of the Q Kt prevents 


Black doing anything desperate, sncb as B takes B, followed, 
after Kt to B 5, by B takes Q P. 

(j) He cannot find a weak spot in White's game. The Ei 
here, and the Bishop there, hold the field against all comers. 
His only resource is a Fabian policy. 

(k) White, on the other hand, finds resources at all ends and 
sides. Here, in Kt takes Et ch, or B to B sq, are two distinct 
lines of play to guard this pawn from Q and Et, and both 
lose time ; if time be of any value to him in such a position. 

(I) A singular aberration which does not free the Et, and 
Mr. Bteinitz would look upon such play as indicating a mind of 
the best mo4em type, combining boldness with precision. 

(m) The Eing is treated as a "strong attacking piece." 

(n) A beautiful move. If 12 B takes P, E to Et 6 ajid 
wins. Mr. Pollock in this game seems to have caught by stealth 
sundry ideas meant for his opponent. We may now '' shut up 
the box and the puppets, for our play is played out." 

*j,5* A correspondent, Mr. Hart of Hull, has drawn our 
attention to the fact that in game 463 after Black's 17th move. 
White (Mr. Bauken) could have mated in three moves by P to 
E 7 dis ch (fee. On communicating with Mr. Banken we find 
that the order of the moves as actually played was inadvertently 
transposed in the copy of the game he sent us, and that it ought 
to have run :— 17 ... E to Et sq, 18 E B to E sq, Q to Et 2, 
19 B to B 8, B to E 2, &c. 


Chess in London. 

Activity once more reigns in the London Chess world. I 
met my friend of Purssell's the other day looking his very best, 
quite jubilant in fact. **AhI" said he, ** Now we've got this 
beastly summer weather over we'll have a chance of a good 
game ; no more empty clubs ; no more deserted divans I " ** What 
do you think of Steinitz's idea of coming over to play a series of 
short exhibition matches with Zukertort in various towns?" I 
asked. "Well I don't think it will pay more than expenses/' 
was his reply. **The British pubhc doesn't as a rule rush in its 
thousands to witness a Chess match, more's the pity I and I'm 
afraid that such a series of matches as Steinitz talks about 
could not prove a very remunerative undertaking." 


I was just in time last month to refer to the meeting of Club 
Secretaries on the 21st September. There was a very good 
attendance indeed, no less than 20 clubs being represented, 
including the AthensBum, Ludgate Circus, North London, Bailway 
Clearing House, &o. Seven clubs entered for the Baldwin-Hoffer 
trophy competition, and a spirited tournament may be expected. 
It was reported at the meeting that Mr. Beardsell, so long and 
favourably known in connection with the Bermondsey club, was 
dead, but I am glad to say this was not correct. Mr. Beardsell 
was very ill and but faint hopes of his recovery were at one time 
held out, but as I write he is a Httle better and I trust he may 
be yet long spared to captain his club. 

On Saturday, 18th October, Mr. J. H. Blackbume opened the 
winter sessions of the Athenaeum Club by giving an exhibition of 
simultaneous play against a very strong team of the club. In 
the end Mr. Blackbume lost 8, drew 4, and won an indefinite 
number, for it was annoimced at the end of the sitting that 
his wins were 17, but the secretary afterwards reduced them to 
12, yet as Mr. Blackbume is certain as to the number he lost 
and drew, and there were upwards of 20 players, the secretary's 
latest figures do not come out right somehow. 

The list for the winter tournament of the City of London 
Chess Club has closed with 180 entrants, divided into 10 sections 
of 18 each. It was found that 12 sections would bring about a 
state of affairs that the members generally did not want, that is 
that some of the sections would have been made up of players of 
different classes. As it is now all the sections, with the exception 
of the 1st, will be composed of players of the same cla^s, thus 
avoiding odds-giving in the first round. In the 1st section 
there mil be one first class player — ^the Rev. G. A. MacDonnell, 
and twelve second class players who will receive P and move 
from the master. The club has secured the adhesion of a very 
strong player in the person of Mr. Porterfield Rynd so well 
known in connection with Irish Chess. Speaking of Irish Chess 
I may just say that the news of Mr. Pollock's victory in Belfast 
was very wannly received by his fellow members of the City 

In the British Chess Club a little even Tourney has just 
been started. The players are Messrs. Anger, Heppell, Hooke, 
Hunter, and Mills. Mr. M. H. F. Lowe, M.A., has been elected 
joint honorary secretary of the Club. The arrangements for 
the match with St. Petersburg are now being pushed forward and 
most likely the match will have commenced before these lines 
meet your readers' eyes. 

The match between Blackbume and Bum seems to hang fire 
a little, though I beheve it is a settled thing that it shall be 


played sooner or later. The first thing that interfered with 
it was the desire both players had of visiting the Belfast 
meeting of the I. G. A., and since then Mr. Blackbume has had a 
few professional engagements which took np a little time. Since 
Mr. Blackbnme's return to town I have been expecting every day 
to hear that the date for the commencement of the match was 
fixed, but np to this, that is still an open question. I believe 
some little hitch — Shaving nothing to do with either player 
personally — ^has prevented this point being settled, and if all that 
I hear is correct the match may have to be played ont of 

Several of my friends have written to me on the subject of the 
*^ first move," and I find from what they say that opinions differ 
widely as to what advantage it yields. Some are of opinion that 
the 9 : 7 ratio of Mr. Pierce is even below the mark ; others seem 
to be of opinion that the result brought out in the figures I gave 
at page 890 of last month's B. G. M. is a truer approximation. 
It is evident that many people are at sea in this matter, and as 
it is really an important one I should like something like an 
exhaustive tabulation of games made so that we might have some- 
thing near a true basis to go upon. My figures are far too small to 
be in any sense reliable in themselves, whilst Mr. Pierce's figures 
are based upon "selected" games, and the very process of 
selection will be found if examined to tell in favour of games won 
by the first player, and thus a certain amount of error may — ^nay I 
should go so far as to say must — ^underlie his calculations. Some 
may wonder why the process of selection for pubhcation should 
tend to give a greater proportion of won games to the first player 
than actually occurs. The answer, however, is very simple. In 
games won by the first player there is in the very nature of 
things a greater proportion won by brilliant opening sacrifices 
and dashing play, hence such games are often both brighter and 
briefer than games won by the second player who has to break 
down the opening attack, then consohdate his mid-game, and in 
many instances^ depend upon a Pawn-ending for his ultimate 
victory. Then again I am quite certain that in actual play there 
is a much larger proportion of draws to wins than is shown by 
** selected " games ; for drawn games again as a rule are longer, 
and by many people are considered ** drier " than games ending 
in a win. I think it will now be easy to see why a somewhat 
larger relative proportion of games won by the first player as 
compared to those drawn and won by the second see the light 
more than actual results would otherwise warrant. The brief 
and bright games are selected voUa tout. I have little material 
at hand myself to go into the matter, but I jot down a few figures 
such as I have : — 


1st move 2n(l inoye rk 
won. won. ■^^^^»- 

London Meeting, 1851 81 80 23 

London and Dundee Meetings, 1866-7 89 87 8 

Nottingham Meeting, 1886 21 17 8 

141 184 89 

Add London Meeting, 1886 85 83 14 

176 167 63 

Now these games are the whole played in their respective 
tourneys except those of the London and Dundee. Meetings, 
1866-7, which are ** selected " only. Of course the total number 
of games here given is altogether too small from which to deduce 
tmy absolute ratio, but it is all I can give at present. Perhaps 
some of your able correspondents — notably Mr. Pierce himseK — 
Would extend the research and give us some tangible result. 
Not less than a thousand games should be taken (better even 
would five or ten times that number be). Series of *' selected " 
games as far as possible should be avoided, and to lessen the 
personal influence of the players, each one should be represented 
by an equal number of games in the defence as in the attack. 
If one could get together the results of a number of cor- 
respondence tourneys (such as Mr. Nash's) it would be most 
interesting, for there the openings are as a rule carefully played 
according to best book-play, which is an important matter. 

J. G. C. 
Chess in Subbey. 

The Surrey season was opened by the South Norwood Chess 
Club on 6th Oct. when Herr Zukertort contested 21 games simul- 
taneously against the members of that Club, at the Pubhc Hall, 
South Norwood. The single player, who attended by the invita- 
tion of Capt. Beaumont, won seventeen games, drew three with 
Messrs. Herbert, Wickham Jones, and Tyacke, and lost one to 
Mr. Leonard P. Rees who defended a Bishop's Gambit. The 
elub has arranged eight matches for the Baldwin-Hoffer Trophy 
and the County Shield with the stronger Metropolitan clubs, and 
meets every Wednesday at the Goat House Hotel, South Nor- 
wood, when a tournament on an entirely new system of play is 
in progress for prizes value twelve guineas. 

The Brixton Chess Club have also entered for the Baldwin- 
Hoffer Trophy and the County Shield, while a card of no fewer 
than 22 matches has been made. 

The New Cross Chess Club has commenced operations by 
entering for the County Shield and inaugurating a Club Tourna- 


ment on the usual lines. New clubs have been formed for Bal- 
ham at 5 Leigham Terrace, Battersea {** Bolingbroke "), at 
Bellringer's Boom, Vicarage House, Battersea Square, and for 
Streatham, meeting at members' houses, under the direction of 
Mr. J. Wilson, 14 Broadway, Streatham. 

The annual general meeting of the County Association was 
held at the Salutation Inn, 17 Newgate Street, B.C., on Saturday, 
16th Oct., at which Capt. A. S. Beaumont was re-elected presi- 
dent, and Messrs. Leonard P. Bees and O. J. Clarke joint bon. 
sees., the former gentleman also taking the post of hon. treasurer, 
as Mr. Winter-Wood desired to be reheved of the duties. An 
influential list of vice-presidents and a strong representative 
conunittee were chosen. The report and financial stateimen| 
were both deemed very satisfactory by the meetings" . Adreep 
business came pleasure in the shape of a touniey specially 
devised to occupy only a short space of time and yet give a fa^ 
chance to all competitors. There were 25 entrants divided into 
six sections with two prizes to each section. In the premi^ 
section Messsrs. Burroughs and Sherrard of the ** South Nor- 
wood " divided first honours by each defeating Mr. Wyke-Baylias 
and drawing with Mr. Herbert Jacobs, both of the Brixton Club. 

The County Association having been estabUshed for three 
years with satisfactory results, the present is deemed a proper 
and favourable opportunity to attempt to extend the field of 
operations, especially with regard to Chess play and entertainment, 
and it is hoped that those who are able and willing to assist the 
County organisation financially will become annual donors to 
the permanent prize and tourney expense fund,, which it is 
proposed to institute. L, P. B, 

Chkss m Scotland. 

The annual meeting of the Queen's Park Chess Club (Glasgow)' 
was held in the club room on the evening of Friday, 1st October, 
Dr. E. Duncan presiding. There was a good attendance of 
members. The treasurer submitted the usual audited etatenient 
of accounts, which showed an increasing balance on hand, a]&dit> 
was considered highly satisfactory. The following office-bearers 
were appointed for the ensuing year : — President, Mr. John D. 
Chambers ; Vice-President, Mr. William Eobertson ; Directors, 
Messrs. B. C. Lyness and Alexander Haddow; Secretebry and 
Treasurer, Mr. W. H. Morris. . 

A match for the custody of the West of Scotland Chess 
Challenge Cup has been played between Mr. John Gilchrist, the 
holder, and Mr. F. Fyfe. Mr. Gilchrist, who has held the cup 
for nearly a year, recently won a match with Mr. McLeod by 4 
games to d and 8 games drawn. On the present occasion, how- 
ever, he secured his four games without his opponent scoring 
one. D. F. 



Ameeica. — Those indefatigable combatants, Messrs. Ware and 
Young of the Boston Club, have had another fight for the 
championship of New England, and this time the result was the 
most decisive of all, viz. Mr. Young 10, Mr. Ware 2, Drawn 2, 
The New York Clipper announces that the winner is now associ- 
ated with Mr. Miron Hazeltine in the editorship of its Chess 

A new Chess column has appeared in Sunny Souths a paper 
published at Atlanta, Georgia. It is edited by Mr. Redwine, 
and its first issue contains two original problems, one of them 
by S. Loyd ; a game from the Schachzeitung, and a budget of 
news and notices to correspondents under the title of ** Chess 
Notes." We wish the new-comer success. 

We have heard nothing further since last month about the 
proposed International Congress at New York, but in this case 
we hope that no news may be good news, and that the promoters 
are hard at work collecting funds, and formulating the rules of the 

Since writing the above, we have received Mr. Steinitz's 
magazine, from which we learn that at a meeting of the Congress 
Committee on Sept. 4th, it was decided to add a Minor Tourney 
and a Problem Tourney to the programme. On Sept. 25th 
another meeting was held, when Mr. Steinitz was elected chair- 
man pro tern. Some discouraging secessions of clubs in New 
York and its vicinity were then announced, the most important 
b^ing that of the Manhattan Club, on the ground that in their 
opinion the time was inopportune for the Congress. The 
EHzabeth Club of New Jersey, and the Newark Club have also 
withdrawn. Notwithstanding these defections the Committee 
resolved to persevere in the movement, and adjourned to Oct. 9th. 
. A match between Messrs. Mackenzie and Lipschutz was 
begnn on the 4th ulto., at the rooms of the Manhattan club. It 
is to be decided by the winning of the first five games, draws not 
counting. Three games are to be played each week. Later 
advices inform us that the first game (Buy Lopez) was won by 
Capt. Mackenzie, the first player, in twenty-eight moves ; the 
third, fourth, and fifth games were all drawn. 

Cakada. — ^The Dominion Chess-players have at last been 
stirred up to provide themselves with a periodical of their own ; 
it is to be called the Canadian Chess Monthly, and will be under 
the competent management of the Chess editor of the Ottawa 
CUizen. It is proposed to pubUsh the magazine at Ottawa on 
the 15th of each month, but as its issue wiU depend on the ob- 


i^xning a goffieieni nmnber of snbscribers at $1 50 per aTmnm ; 
we advise all well-wisherB of Canadian Chess to send their names 
at once to Mr. W. J. Mason, 45 Elgin Street, Ottawa, with 
promises of support. 

AusTBAUA. — The annual meeting of the Adelaide dnh was 
held on Sept. 14th when the prizes won in the bite handicap 
tonmej were presented as follows : — 1. Silver Cop and £5, Mr. 
Fnnndl, whose score was 18( games and 155 points (the marking 
being on the Gelhfohs system). 2. Mr. Harrison, 17^ games, 
152 points, £8. 8. Mr. Watson, 14 games, 117i points, £2. 
4. Mj*. Maodonald, 16 games, 112 points, £1. 5. Mr. Machin, 
14 games, 100| points, 10/-. Special prizes were awarded to 
Mr. Roberts of Class 2, Mr. Peterson, Class 8, Mr. Daniels, for 
shortest game, Mr. Hubble, for most brilliant game, and Mr. 
Berens for best score against prize- winnere. There was some 
talk of an Intereolonial Chess Congress next year to celebrate 
the jnbilee of Sonth Australia. 

A handicap tourney with 81 entries was in progress at the 
School of Arts, Sydney, and Mr. Gossip, who was leading with a 
score of 28 won games, 2 lost, and 9 drawn, has secured the first 
prize, as no other competitor could then equal his score. 

A meeting of the Victorian Chess Club was held at Melbourne 
on August 14th, when the prizes won in the second handicap 
tourney for the President's Silver Cup were presented by him^ 
The holder of the cup last year was Mr. F. Sperring, this year it 
is Mr« J. G. Wilton. Mr. Byan gained the second prize, £8, and 
Mr. Coates won the third, £2. For the special prize of £8 offered 
by Mr. Coates for the best score against the prize-winners, there 
was a tie between Messrs. Landells and Simpson. On this being 
played off, Mr. Landells, receiviug Pawn and move, preyed the 

The Chess editor of the Tasmaviany who lately published an 
aifticle Upon will-power in Chess, has received two interesting 
•communications from colonials on the subject. A well-known 
New Zealand player and problem composer writes : — *' I know 
of an instance in which the ' will-power ' was successfully carried 
out. It was in a match game played between my brother and an 
amateur in Fielding. My brother had the worst of the game, but 
by a foolish move which he wanted his opponent to make he 
could win in a few moves. So he set his mind upon the move, 
and his opponent picked up the piece three successive times before 
he relinquished his hold of the piece, each time putting it on the 
square that my brother had concentrated his mind upon. And 
when he made the move he said he knew it was wrong, but he 
could not help himself." A resident on the north-west coast 
writes : — ** I read the article on will-power in Chess with great 


intetidst, and thought I had at last discovered a means to ensure 
victory over my local Chess antagonist. I challenged him to a 
game the same evening) and, he having the first move, I willed 
him to move P to E 4, which he did, and I was dehghted. I then 
moved F to E 4, and willed him to move P to Q B 4, as I thought 
I would gain time for developing my own game. He, however^ 
played P to E B 4. I answered with P takes P, and again willed 
him to move P to Q R 4. He, however, without giving my will 
time to act- upon him, repHed immediately with B to B 4. I 
played P to Q 4, and still he would not do as I willed, but played 
B takes P. I then resolved to wait until the end of the game, as 
my opponent was evidently playing by book. Consequently I 
willed no more until by sacrificing a Rook I could win his Queen. 
I then placed my Rook en prise, and willed very hard that he 
should take it. He thought a long time, and hesitatingly took it. 
I at once captured his Queen, and removed her in triumph from 
the board. My opponent, however, smiled and said, ' That's just 
what I was willing you to do. I'll mate you now in three moves ;' 
and he did so. He had been reading that article as well as my* 
self, and apparently with more profit." — South Australian 

Russia.— Two large correspondence tourneys are taking place 
in Russia, comprising none but strong amateurs. The players, 
who of course reside in different towns, are divided into two 
sides, and each competitor has to play two games, one being a 
Muzio and th^ second an Allgaier, with every other competitor 
of the opposite side. 

The match by telegraph between the St. Petersburg Club and 
the British Chess Club will conxmence on Nov. 15th. The stakes 
are £40 a side, and two games will be played simultaneously, a 
move in each being transmitted every five days, the St. Peters- 
burg Club being represented by Messrs. Tchigorin, Schiffers, 
Bezkrowny, Clemenz, Sabouroff, and Baron Nolde, while on the 
English side will be Messrs. Bird, Donisthorpe^ Hofier, Guests 
and Mills. 

Germany. — The Cologne Chess Club has been celebrating it» 
^5th birthday by a very pleasant festival. Nearly all the Rhine- 
land clubs sent representatives, and among the visitors were 
Herr W. Paulsen, Nassengrund, and Herr Fritz of Darmstadt. 
There were two principal tourneys and one lower one, the victors 
in the chief contest being 1 Meyerhoffer of Heidelberg, 2 Eist 
of Cologne, 8 Flad of Wiesbaden, and 4 Mitscher of Cologne. 
Herr Meyerhoffer also obtained the special prize for the finest 
game. In a blindfold exhibition with eight opponents Herr Fritz 
won 4 games, lost one. and 3 were drawn. A Tombola tourney 
and a banquet at which forty sat down completed the programme. 


The next congress of the newly founded Bavarian Chess 
Association will he hela at Noremherg. 

Herr Minckwitz, who for some years has conducted the 
Deutsche SchaehzeitUTig, will resign the editorship at the end of 
the year. His successors are to be Herren Baideleben and 


The annual meeting of the Manchester Chess Club was held on 
Saturday affcemoon, 16th ulto, in the club-room, Ducie Buildings, 
Bank Street. Mr. A. Steinkuhler, the retireing president, occupi- 
ed the chair. There were present over forty members of the club 
and nearly twenty visitors. The committee's report showed that 
there were on the books 117 subscribing members, and that the 
finances of the club were in a satisfactory condition. The pro- 
gramme for the coming season included a match with Birmingham, 
fifteen players a side, and one with Leeds, twelve a side. It was 
also intended to arrange for several second team matches. The 
report and statement of accounts were adopted, and on the 
motion of Mr. Rhodes Marriott (honorary secretary), seconded 
by Mr. N. T. Miniati, the following resolution was unanimously 
agreed to : — " That in the opinion of this meeting k is desirable 
that the various Chess clubs of Manchester and district should 
federate and form a Chess association, with the object of further- 
ing the interests of Chess in this city and neighbourhood ; and 
that the officers of this club be empowered to make the prelimi- 
nary arrangements for the successful carrying out of the project." 
The officers and committee were then appointed as foUows : — 
President, J. B. Reyner, J.P. ; vice-president, T. B. Wilson ; hon- 
orary secretary and treasurer, Rhodes Marriott ; hbrarian, A. 
Wahltuch, M.D. ; auditors, J. P. Clarke and J. Slater ; committee, 
R. B. Hardman, J. J. Jackson, J. Prescott, R. C. Boyer, G. Hicks, 
N. T. Miniati, J. Riddel, and E. Mitchell. Mr. Reyner, the newly 
elected president, susequently presented the prizes won in the 
tournaments during the past season. The Bateson Wood 
Challenge Cup, given to the club by the daughter of the late pre- 
sident, was handed to the first winner, Mr. N. T. Miniati, who 
announced his intention of doing his best to retain the prize 
in the second competition, which commences next week. The 
other prize-winners were Messrs. R. B. Hardman, J. Fish, J. J. 
Lewis, and H. W. Hart. At the close of the meeting 44 members 
and visitors engaged in the match. Smokers v, Non-Smokers, 


captained respectively by Mr. A. SteinknUer and Mr. Jones. 
The Smokers won by 14 games to 6, 8 games being drawn. 

The annual meeting of the Bochdale Chess and Draughts 
Club was held on Wednesday, Idth iilto» at their rooms. No. 10, 
Yorkshire Street, Mr. Charles Farrow, J.P., in the chair. The 
secretary (the Bev. A. Pagan) read the annual report, from which 
we find that there are now 88 members, as against 28 last year. 
During the past year a new feature has been introduced in the 
form of a handicap tournament in both Chess and draughts. This 
has led to much greater interest being taken by the less experi- 
enced players in the meetings of the club. The prize in the Chess 
tournament was taken by Mr. C. L. Whipp (who received a pawn 
and two moves) with a score of 15 games out of a possible 18, and 
the draughts prize by Mr. C. Farrow (scratch), with 28 games 
out of 85. Four matches have also been played with other clubs, 
two being against Wigan, one against a team from St. Anne's 
Club, Manchester, and a fourth against Piccadilly, Manchester. 
Success, unfortunately, did not attend the Bochdale team in any 
of the matches. The treasurer's account showed a slight improve- 
ment on last year. The meeting proceeded to the business of 
electing officers and committee for the current year. Mr. John 
Molesworth (Coroner for the Bochdale District), was re-elected 
president, Mr. J. H. Lancashire, J.P., treasurer, and the Bev. A. 
Pagan, Councillor W. T. Heap, Dr. W. J. Hodgson, and Sergt. J, 
T. Palmer (formerly of the HuU and Preston Chess Clubs), 
form the committee. Handicap Chess and draughts tournaments 
are contemplated, and home and home matches with the 
Manchester St. Anne's, and Wigan Chess Clubs, have akeady 
been arranged. 

The London University Chess Club was formed last summer, 
** for the sole purpose," as the rules state, " of playing matches 
with the sister Universities and such other clubs as may from 
time to time be agreed upon." It has no regular place of meet- 
ing. The Hon. Sec. and principal manager is Mr. Herbert Jacobs, 
B.A., West Lodge, Denmark HiU, S.E. The Committee ace 
Messrs. U. B. Brodribb, L. Cohen, J. Hunt, M.D., A. W. Marfleet, 
Ebenezer Prout, B. Babson (all of the University of London), 
and the Bev. W. Wavte (M.A. Cantab.) Mr. Wayte's qualifica- 
tion is having lately been appointed a Classical Examiner in the 
University. According to the rules, the Club is open to Graduates 
and Undergraduates and those officially connected with ttie 
University. The subscription is 2/6, entrance 2/6. 

We have received a copy oi a penny weekly pubUcation 
entitled "Wit and Wisdom," which has recently commenced a 
Chess department. A special feature is the collection of ** Chess 
curiosities" of all kinds, which will doubtless make the column 


popular and entertaming. We advise our readers to order a 
copy and judge of its merits for themselves. 

Some time ago the London " Weekly Dispatch " offered a 
prize of two guineas'for the best 16 lines of original verse illustra- 
ting the Itahan proverb ** It is no time to play Chess when the 
house is on fire." The winning answer (Author, Mr. T. H. Burge, 
Chelsea) was given on Saturday, Oct. 9th, and is as follows : — 

The Fabuamentaby Gambit. 

Two prominent players, both skilled more or less, 

Are engaged in the game of poUtical Chess ; 

Each eyes his opponent and marshals his men, 

And victory certain appears to his ken. 

With eager excitement their partisans round 

Follow every move, and with plaudits abound, 

Whilst at each cry of " Check ! " such a tumult they make 

That one really would fancy their souls were at stake. 

And so, like two desperate gamblers at bay, 

They sacrifice all to their passion for play. 

'Tis vain to expostulate — ^Reason is blind — 

The affairs of the nation may drift far behind ; 

Stagnation, ay, ruin, may come if they will. 

Yet the fierce strife of Parties is carried on still ; 

But " A plague o' your houses I " the Rads cry in ire,' 

'* ' TiB no time to play Chess when the house is on fire." 

By A. F. Mackenzie, in August-September Number. 

1 Et to R B dis ch 

2 Q to B 3 ch 
8 Q to R sq ch 

4 R to B 8 ch 

5 B to B 4 dis ch 

11 R to R 6 dis ch 

12 R to Q 6 ch 

18 Q to Q Kt 2 ch 
14 KtoB 5, 14 B 
tks either P, mate. 

6 B to Kt 8 dis ch 

7 R to Q 8 dis ch 

8 Q to B sq ch 

9 Q to Kt 2 ch 
10 R to Q 6 dis ch 

Black's moves are all forced. 

The only solution in 14 received by us has been forwarded by 
Mr. James White, of Leeds, to whom therefore is awarded the 
first prize. Mr. White remarks, " an exceedingly pretty termin- 
.ation, but I have solved problems with more interesting play 
leading up to the mating position. I did not find it extra difficult, 
having solved it at the first sitting." 

Several skilled correspondents, however, found it too bard a 
nut for them, and we received one solution in 17 moves as the 
nearest feasible approach. 



By H. J. C. Andrews. 

Echo and Caisba. — In the laughable ventriloqnial adventurea 
of Valentine Vox it is related how a simple minded — scarcely 
"two move deep" — friend of the mischief working hero is deluded 
into believing, first of all, that Echo has fallen in love with him 
and nest that the responsive bat evasive nymph has taken up 
her abode in his pocket t 

Let those composers who, in this age of over production, still 
love " the bi-move " or the single shoot three-mover not wisely 
bnt too weU, beware lest such an experience be actually theirs 1 
Sad indeed must it be to annex, as an innocent auUior may 
suppose, an original theme and shortly afterwards to find you 
have merely pocketed — Echo; Not "echo mates," mind 1 but 
an absolute echo or downright repetition of some other autJior's 
entire work. 

Instances of this kind continue to increase and multiply and, 
what is worst of all, to force themselves upon attention in con- 
nection with problem tourneys. We present our readers with 
half a dozen coincidences that have lately come under our notice. 
Of each couple here united may it not &irly be said, 
" O smre a pair was never seen more fitly formed to meet bynature." 

By T. B. BOWLAiro. By K. STAHL. 

Prom Dublin Evening Mail, Prize Problem in BM/?<»io7VmMTonmey 
4th March, 1886. published 4th April, 1886. 


White to p1aj and rnnts in two moTes. Whito to play and mate in tv 
1 Kt to K B 4, &e. 1 Q to B 8. &c. 


Br B. G. LAWB. By W. F, WILLS. 

From the Weekly Echo, "Ist Hon. Mention" £u^ato Tinwi 

14tli April, 1685. Tonmey, 1886. 


Wlkite to play and mate in two mores. White to pUj and mate in two in 
1 B to Kt 4, &e. 1 Et takes P, &e. 


From Illustrated London Newt, Prom his collection, 1872, 

18th September, 1886. No. 90. 


Whit* to play and mate in three moves. White to play and mate in three moras. , 

1 BtoKt8, K tksB P, 2BtoR7, 1 B toB8,K takesKP, 2BtoKt7, ' 

KtoK4, 8BtoKt4. IflK takes &c. If 1 K tks B P, 2 R to Q 6, 

QP,aBtoK6,KtoB5,8EtoK4. &c. ! 


In justice to Mr. Rowland it must be noted that he undoubtedly 
can claim priority of publication over Herr Stahl. The Jamaica 
Gleaner assumed the contrary — ^in a recent article — ^upon the 
strength of a reprint of Mr. Rowland's version by Professor 
Brownson, but we have personally seen the Dublin Evening Mail 
of March 4th, and can vouch for the previous appearance of the 
position there and then. 

It is somewhat curious that two of these, no doubt unconscious, 
reproductions should have occurred to problems crowned or highly 
commended in the self-same toumey. The Rowland — Stahl case 
is not quite so startling as the others, although the resemblance 
is striking enough and, if known in time, might probably have 
affected the award. The other pairs are, however, absolutely 
identical, the six mates — with six moves out for Black E in the 
two-mover, being precisely the saime in both versions. In fact 
the slight deviation on move one in these bi-move problems would 
rather tend to con^rm the notion of deliberate piracy, were 
they the work of authors unknown to fame^ We of course enter- 
iiainno such suspicion and although the name of E. Stahl is 
almost unknown to us, yet we plainly see the probabihty that 
this composer's work was at Buffalo prior to March 4th, as also 
the utter unlikelihood he could have seen the Dublin Evening 
Mail of that date. The foregoing eoi^pose will undoubtedly not be 
without its utility, if composers will read aright the two-fold 
lesson it conveys. Viz : — First. Do not continue to harp upon 
old themes in a thin disguise. Let " the Bristol '* rest in peace, 
and disturb no more the bones of " the poor Indian " or such 
used up subjects as the six move flight square two-mover. 
Second. Only false prophets tell you the future of the problem 
art points to positions with few pieces and scant variety. On the 
contrary, that way lies piracy and consequent mortification of 
spirit I 

Ottawa Daily Citizen Toumey. The judge, Mr. G. Reichhelm, 
has awarded the prizes thus. — Two-move section. 1st 0. Nemo 
of Vienna, 2nd A. F. Mackenzie, drd H. and E. Bettmann. 
Messrs. Planck, Laws, and Mackenzie are honorably mentioned 
in the order named. Three-movers. 1st B. G. Laws, 2nd G. J. 
Slater, 8rd J. Jespersen, 4th B. G. Laws. Messrs Jespersen, 
Slater, W. Atkinson, Greenshields, Nemo, and C. H. Wheeler are 
honorably mentioned. Mr. Greenshields captured the special 
prize for the best Canadian two-mover. 

We have pleasure in quoting the leading three-movers And In 
congratulating our correspondents on their brilliant and continued 



IsT Prize. Bt B. G. LAWS. 2jro PaizK. By G. J. SLATER. 



Iffhite to pky and mate in three mores. White to play and mate in three moves. 

C/tes* Souvemra, by E. J. Winter- Wood.* — This is a collection 
of the author's printed problems that have been widely scattered 
over a variety of Chess colnmns in London and the provinces. 
In his preface, Mr. Wood speaks of having " consented to collect 
bis problems." We presume, therefore, that the great defect of 
this work, viz., the marked inequality of its contents, is rather 
due to indiscreet advice than to choice. There can be no manner 
of doubt that a jndicious selection from these positions instead of 
an indiscriminate collection of all, would have been far preferable. 
There are 104 problems in the volume and out of these no less 
than 94 are two-movers. Such a proportion leads almost inevitably 
to needless repetition of already much worn subjects and an effect 
of monotony in no way surprising. It would indeed require a 
much higher order of genius than is here present to render 
palatable such an unmercifal quantity of unrelieved trifle. After 
going as carefully through this book as time would permit, we 
have come to tbe concluaion that it would have been much im- 
proved by the excision of at least half the two-movers, and by a 
revision of some otherwise praiseworthy problems, in which 
economy of force has not been so fully observed aa seems practic- 
able and desirable. There is a aprinkling — regretably scant — of 
three-movers and sui-mates at the end of the volume and this 
part of the work we enjoyed by far tbe most, although there is 
much cleverness of idea and construction occasionally evident in 
the shorter stratagems. 

* W. W. Morgan, 17, Medina Boad, Holloway, London. 


We append a pair of specimens. 

White to play and mate io two moves. White to play and mate in three moves 

The book concludes with an amusing metrical Chess tale by 
T, Winter-Wood entitled "The Unexpected Guest" in which the 
author ehowa a creditable commajid of the Ingoldsby style and 


The following Prizes are offered : — 
Direct Three-movers. 

Ist Prize, given by the Editor ... £1 Is. Od. 

2nd Prize, do. do. ... 10a. 6d. 

Brd Prize, given by H. J. C. Andrews, The British 
Ghbsb Maoazine for 1887. 

Three -move Self -mates. 

Ist Prize, given by E. N. Frankenstein £1 Is. Od. 
2nd Prize, do. the Editor ... 10s. 6d. 

8rd Prize, do. H. J. C. Andrews, the new work 
entitled " The Chess Problem." 




Pboblem Depabtment. 

T. G. H., Burstwick. — ^The sui yields at once to 1 E to Kt 2, 
2 E to R sq, 8 B to E 2, 4 R to E sq ch, 5 R to Kt 2 ch, 
P takes R mate. 

East Marden. — ^We would certainly have adopted your sug- 
gestion had no one solved the problem. Retractatory solution 

O. Meisling, Copenhagen. — ^In your No. XXXn., 1 Q to 
Et 6 seems fatal. 

W. H. Lyons, Newport, Eentucky. — Much obliged for yours 
with hst. We never disputed the right, only the advisabiUty of a 
solitary selection from an author's works without his consent. 

B. F., Hendon. — Thanks for problem. 

J. G. C, Finsbury Park. — ^Thanks for problems which are 

END-GAME. p. 404. 



1 B to K 4 

2 K to K 8 
8 B to Q 8 
4 B to K 2 
6 K to B 4 

6 Kt to Q 6 

7 Kt to K 4 

8 K to Kt 5 


K to Kt 6 
K to Kt 5 
K to Kt 6 
KtoR 5 
KtoR 6 
K to Kt 7 
KtoR 6 
K to Kt 7 


9 K to Kt 4 

10 B to B sq 

11 B to R 8 

12 Kt to Q 2 

13 K to Kt 3 
14BtoKt2ch KtoKta 
15 Kt to B 8 Mate. 


KtoR 7 
K to Kt 8 
KtoR 7 
K to Kt 8 
KtoR 8 

All variations result in mate in 15 moves or under. 
The Editor having offered a prize for the best solution of this 
poaitiaa sent to the composer by the 20th, three competitors 
have forwarded solutions to him, viz. — ^the Rev. W. C. Green of 
Hepworth, who has most fuUy and completely worked out aU its 
variations and effected mate iu 15 moves. Besides the main play, 
27 variations and sub-variations, comprising 125 moves on each 
side, are supplied ; unfortunately the Black King's moves are all 
made and numbered from White's side of the board. This defect 
must disqualify it for the prize. Mr. T. R. Mason, of Leaming- 
ton, sends a solution in 16 moves with 2 variations. As the 
mate can be effected in 15 moves his labours are futile. Mr. F. 
W. Womersley, of Hastings, supplies, fully and completely with- 
out defect, a solution, with 11 variations, in 15 moves. I have 
uo hesitation in awarding him the prize offered accordingly. 
Oct, 21st, 1886. J. Burt. 



No. 866, by B. G. Laws.— 1 Kt to B 5, &c. 

No. 867, by J. G. Chancellor.— 1 Kt to B 7, 1 B takes Kt (a), 
2 Kt takes K P dis ch, &c. (a) 1 K to B 6 (6), 2 Kt to K 5 ch, 
&c. m 1 B to B 4 (c), 2 P dis ch, &c. (c) 1 B to Q 8 {d), 
2 Q takes B ch, &c. (d) 1 B to Kt 2 («), 2 Q to B 7, &c. 
(e) 1 Others, 2 Q to K 4 ch, &c. 

No. 868, by G. J. Slater.— 1 K to Kt 6, P takes P (a), 2 P to 
B 4 ch, &c. (a) K to K 5 (6), 2 Q to B 4, &c. (A) K to K 8, 
2 B to R 2, ch, &c. 

No. 869, by C. Planck, M.A.— 1 Q takes B P, Kt takes R (a), 
2 Q to Kt 6 ch, &c. (a) P takes R (6), 2 Q to K 7, &c. (b) Kt to 
Q 4 (c), 2 Kt at B 8 to K 2 ch, &c. (c) Others, 2 Q to Q 6 ch, 

No. 870, by G. Liberal!.— 1 R to K B sq, B to Q 6 (a), 
2 R ch, P takes R, or B or P covers, 8 Kt to K B 6 ch, &c. 

(a) B to B 5 (6), 2 Kt to K B 6 ch, K to K 4, 8 B ch, &c. 

(b) B to B 7 (c), 2 R takes B, &c. (c) Kt takes Kt (d), 2 Q takes 
P ch, 8 Q takes B ch, &c. {d) Kt at R sq to Kt 8, 2 Kt to 
B 6 ch, R to K 4, 8 B ch, &c. 

No. 871, by H. J. C. Andrews.— 1 Q to R 8, B to Q 8 (a), 
2 R ch, R takes R, 8 Kt takes P ch. Any, 4 Q mates accordingly. 
If 2 K to K 2 or B 2, 8 B ch or Q to R 7 ch, &c. (a) P to Q B 4 
(6), 2 B takes P, R takes B, 8 Kt to B 7 dou-ch, &c., or 2 B to K 4, 
or P to B 4, 8 Q ch, 4 Kt mates, (i) 1 B to R 2 (c), 2 Kt takes 
P ch, 8 B to B 5 dis ch, &c. (c) 1 R to K R (d), 2 Q takes R ch, 
K to B 2 or K 2, 8 Q to R 7, ch, &c. (d) 1 P to K B 4 (e), B to 
B 5, &c. (e) 1 R to Q sq, 2 R takes R ch, &c. 

No. 372, by E. N. Frankenstein.— 1 Kt to K 4, K to K 8, 
2 Q to B 8, K to Q 4 (a), 8 B to R 8, &c. (a) 2 K to Q 2, 8 Q to 
B 8, &c. If 1 K takes Kt, 2 Q to Kt 2 ch, 8 Q to B sq, &o. 
n 1 K to B 5, 2 Kt takes P, K takes Kt, 8 P to K 4 ch, 

No. 878, by J. A. Miles.— 1 R to Kt 8 ch, P takes R, 
2 B to Kt 4 ch, P takes B, 8 Q takes P, R takes Q (a), 
B covers (best), 5 R takes B ch, R takes R dis mate, (a) 8 B to 
4 R to R 8 ch, K Kt 4, 4 B takes B, R takes Q, 6 R to R 8 ch, 
R covers dis mate. If 4 B or R takes R, 5 Q to Kt 2 ch, B takes Q 



No. 874.— By B. G, LAWS. 


No. 876.— By G. J. SLATER. 


White to play and nuU in three movea. White to pla; and mate in three mores. 

No. 870.— By. H. J. C. ANDREWS. No. 877.— Bt J. A. MHjES. 

From The Wesley College Magazine. Dedicated to Walter Grimshaw. 


White to play and mate in three moves. White to play and force eelf-mate io four moyes. 


No. 378.— By OTTO MEISLING. No. 879.— By B. HULSEN. 


White to fhy and mate ia three moves. White to pky and mute in foot m 

fo. 880.— By p. AF GEIJEBSSTAM. No. 881.— By Db. 8. GOLD. 



White to play and mate in four moTes . White to play and force aelf-mata in are moves 



Inscbibed to F. If. Teed, New York. 

White to pla; and Bui-mate in twelve moves. 

Mr. Townsend kindly offers as a prize for the first solution — 
if the shorteat aent in — of the above, Lewis's " Chess for Begin- 
ners," 1835, coloured diagrams, original binding, good as new 
and, we believe, a scarce book. Solutions to be forwarded to the 
Problem Editor on or before the SOth instant. 

The British Chess Magazine. 

DECEMBER, 1886. 



B om to portray the deeds of Knights of Chess ; 

B eady to paint Caissa's lovehness 

I n problem, opening, or brilliant game : 

T point the road to pinnacle of fame 

I n many ways too numerous to name — 

S ueh is the mission of this Magazine, 

How long, and well fulfilled, the world has seen! 


C ould space permit, would fleeting time allow. 
How swelled the roll of honours for thy brow, 
E ditor in Chief — since first thou led the way, 
S ince first thy head directed day by day, 
S ince first thy heart assumed congenial sway. 


Methinks the tribes should rally round their King, 

And regal tribute to the ** British" bring; 

G iving at once, ere dawns the coming year, 

A pile of gold — proof loyal and sincere : 

Z ephyr so sweet to waft the bark ahead, 

I n future months the game of Chess to spread. 

N ow forward men — ^guards gallant do your best, 

E nsigns to the front — ^and King will do the rest. 

Thos. Long. 
November, 1886, 






An interesting game played on the 28rd June, 1886, in the 
Spring Tournament of the City of London Chess Club, between 
Mr. W. H. E. Pollock and Mr. Herbert Jacobs, at the odds of 

Pawn and move. 

(Remove Black's K B P.) 


(Mr. H. Jacobs) (Mr.W.H. E. Pollock) 
lPtoK4 KttoQB8(a) 

2PtoQ4 PtoQ4 

8 P tks P (b) Q tks P 
4 Et to E B 8 (c) B to Et 5 

6 B to E 2 1 

7 B to E 8 

8 P to Q 6 

9 Q to B 4 (^) 
10 B tks Et 

Castles (d) 
Q to E B 4 1 
Et to B 8 ! 
Et to Q 6 (/■) 

(Mr. H. Jacobs) (Mr. W. H. K Pollock) 

16 Et to Q B 8(A;) B tks Et ch 

17 P tks B R tks B ch 

18 Et takes B B to E sq 
20 Q BtoQsq(m) Et to Et 5 

11 Q tks P (^) R to E sq {h) 
18 Q to B 4 ch E to Q sq 
14 Q to R 8 ch (j) B to B sq 
16 Et tks P B to Et 5 ch 



21 P to E R 8 

22 R tks Et 
28 E tks R 

24 Q to R 8 

25 E to Et sq 

26 Q to B 5 

27 Q to Q 4 («) 

28 P tks Q 

Et tks B P 
Q to Q 7 ch 
Q tks Q ch 

And Black ultimately won. (o) 

Notes bt J. G. Cunningham. 

(a) This move is perhaps somewhat more hazardous than 
1 . . . , P to E 8 and the like purely defensive tactics, but it generally 
leads to a more attacking game, and this doubtless was in Mr. 
Pollock's mind when he adopted it. 

(b) This is all right when Black has played 1... P to E 3, 
but it is not so good now. 

(c) This cannot be commended, much better was 4 B to E 8, 
when the game might have proceeded 4..., P to E 4; 6 P to 
Q B 4, B to Et 5 ch ; 6 Et to Q 2 (if 6 Et to B 8, B takes Et ch ; 

7 P takes B, Q to Q R 4), Q to E 5 ; 7 P to Q 6, Et to Q 5 ; 

8 Q to R 4 ch, B to Q 2; 9 Q takes B, Q takes B ch; 10 P takes 
Q, Et to B 7 ch ; 11 E to B 2, Et takes Q ; 12 E Et to B 8, 
with the better game. 


(d) It is clear that Black cannot now profitably play 5..., 
3 takes Et, but the text move gives him a fine open game with an 
attacking position, for he now threatens to take off the P with Et. 

(e) If 9 Castles, then 9..., P to E 5 would win, 

(f) This is an excellent move and a correct sequel to his 
preceding move. It threatens Et takes B followed by P to E 6, 
Tvhilst it indirectly defends the threatened Q B P. 

fg) This capture puts the Q out of play, but it is not easy 
to find a good move for White at this crisis. If 11 Castles, 
then 11..., BtoQS; 12PtoEB3, PtoQ6; 13 P takes B 
(if 13 B takes P, B takes Et and wins, or 13 B to Q sq, B takes 
Kt ; 14 B takes B, Q to E 4 ; 16 P to E Et 3, Q takes Q Et P 
and wins), Et takes P ; 14 B takes P, Et to R 7 ; 16 Q Et to Q 2, 
£ B to B sq and wins. 

(hj This again is better than checking with the B, to which 
12 E to B sq would seem a good reply. 

(i) And now White begins to feel the force of Black's attfiwst 
If 12 Q takes P, B takes Et ; 13 P takes B, Q takes P and wins. 

(j) This repetition of checks by the Q would argue that 
White is inclined to draw, but the last one simply brings back 
tlie B to its own square, making all snug on the Queen's side 
and leaving Black with a handsome attack in hand. (See 

(k) If 16 E to B sq, Q to R 6 ; 17 Q to R 7 (or 17 Et to 
K B 3, E takes B; 18 E takes R, R to E sq ch ; 19 E to Q sq, 
Q takes B P ; 20 Q Et to Q 2, R to E 7 and wins), Et to Et 6 ; 
18 Et to E B 3, R takes B; 19 E takes R, R to E sq ch; 20 E to 
B sq, P to Q Et 3 ; 21 P to E Et 3, Q to R 6 ch (Et takes P ch 
not to be thought of) ; 22 E to Et sq, B to E 8 ; 23 Et takes B, 
B takes Et mate. H 16 E to Q sq, Q to E 4 ; 17 Q to R 7, 
Kt to E 6; 18 R to B sq, B to Q B 4 and wins. 

(I) This gives up the piece at once, whilst 19 P to E B 8 
would have kept it for a moment, but without ultimately being 
of much service as it was bound to fall. 

(m) This is a blunder. 20 P to E R 8 was absolutely 
necessary, when Black would likely have continued with 20..., 
Kt to E 6, and the position is full of complications, but with 
Black for choice. 

fn) A weak move leading to a won end position for Black. 
If 27 Q to B 2 Black could not exchange with such advantage, 
as it brings the E one square nearer the threatened Q's P and 
in time to prevent the fatal entry of the B, and White might 
still have had some faiat hopes of a draw; the text move, 
however, effectually extinguishes any such hopes. 

(o) The B can now break up the Pawns at the Queen's side 
and then ''brute force'' wins. 


Position after Black's 16th move. 
Buck (Mr. Poi.lock.) 

White (Mr. Jacobb.) 


Pla^od in the Toamament of the Irish Chess Association at 

Belfast, between Mr. W. H. K. Pollock, the first prize-winner, 

and Mr, R. W. Bamett, the Irish champion. 

(Mr. Bamett.) (Mr. PoUock.) 
lPtoK4 PtoK4 

2 Kt to Q B 3 
8P toKB4 
4 P to Q 3 
6 B P tka P 

6 P tkB Kt (c) 

7 P to Q Kt 8 P tks P (d) 

8 Q to B S Kt to B 3 

9 Kt to B 8 B to K 3 

Kt to K B 3 

P to Q 5 (6) 
P tkB Kt 



(Mr. Barnett.) (Mr. Pollock.) 

10 B to K 8 P to R 4 

11 PtoQB4(e) QtoQ2 

12 P to K R 8 R to K Kt sq 

13 Q tks R P if) CastleB 
14QtoR4 BtoQS 


16 R to K sq 

17 Q to R 5 

18 Et tka B 

Q to K 2 (fc) 
B to Kt 6 
B tka B (i) 
Q to R 6 ch 



19 K to Q sq 

20 Q to B 8 

21 Q tks P 

22 Q to B 4 (j) 

23 P to Q 4 

24 K to K 2 

25 Q tks Q 

26 P to Q 5 

27 P tks B (k) 

28 P tks Kt 

29 B tks R 

30 P tks P ch 
81 K tks P 
32 Kt to Q 3 
38 Kt to B 4 

34 K to K 3 

35 K to Q 4 (n) 

36 K to K 5 

37 K to B 6 

38 P to K 5 
89 P to Kt 5 

R to R sq 

Kt to K 4 


Q R to K B sq 

R to Q sq 

Kt to B 8 


B to Kt 5 ch 






R to K Kt 8 






R to K Kt 6 


40 K tks P 

41 K to B 6 

42 K to B 5 
48 P to K 6 
44PtoK 7 
45 K to B 6 

48 Kt to Q 5 

49 Kt tks R 

50 Kt to Q 5 

51 Kt to B 8 

52 K to K 6 
58 Kt to Kt sq 

54 K to Q 5 

55 K to Q 4 

56 K to K 8 (q) 

57 Kt tks P 

58 K to Q 2 

59 Resigns. 

R tks P (Kt 4) 
R to Kt 5 
R to Kt sq 
K toB 2 
R to Kt 5 
R tks P ch' (p) 
KtoQ 8 
KtoB 4 
K to Kt 5 
K to Kt & 
K tks Kt 
K to Kt 7 

Notes by C. E. Ranken. 

fa) He may also obtain a perfect equality of position by 
4 Kt to B 8 or by 4 P takes K P. 

( h) In his match with Steinitz Blackbume here played Kt 
takes P, but it is unsound, on account of the continuation 6 P 
takes Kt, Q to R 5 ch, 7 K to K 2, B takes Kt, 8 P takes B, 
B to Kt 5 ch, 9 Kt to B 8, P takes P, 10 Q to Q 4 ! 

(c) We believe White can gain a distinct advantage by P to 
Q R 8 at this point, e.g. 6 P to Q R 8, B to R 4 (if P takes Kt, 
then P takes B, &c.), 7 P takes Kt, P tks Kt, 8 P to Q Kt 4, 
B to Kt 3, 9 P tks P, R to Kt sq, 10 Q to R 5. If such be the 
case, it would appear to show the inadequacy of 4 . . . B to Q Kt 5 
as a defence. 

(d) The object being to avoid the beaten track, but Q takes 
P is better. 

(e) White gets into trouble presently by this move ; he 
should have played P to Q 4. 

(f) P to Q 4 is here again the proper course, and we do not 
see how Black could then escape without loss. 

(g) He could not take the P without losing his Q, and P to 
K Kt 4 would be answered by P to B 4. B to B 2 was perhaps 
safer, but it does not look at all comfortable. (See diagram.) 


Position after White's Ifith move. 
BiACK (Mb. Pollock.) 

White (Mb. Babmett.) 

(h) Threatening to win the Q by B to Et 6 ; he miaseSf 
however, a short cut to victory by B to R 6 ch, 16 K to Et sq, 
Q to K 2, 17 Q to B 5 (if B to B gq, then B taJces B, kc), B to 
Et 4, 18 Et tks R, B to Kt 7 and wine. 

(ij There is danger in pursuing the enemy too far, and Mr. 
Folllock now adopts these tactics, the result being that he is 
soon compelled to retreat with an inferior position. He should 
either have been content with simply winning the exchange, or 
be might have played 17 Kt to E 4 (threatening to win the QJ, 
18 Et takea Kt, P takes Et, whereupon if White tried to save his 
Rook by 19 R to K 2, there would follow Q to R 6 ch, 20 K to 
Q sq, Q to R 8 ch, 21 B to B sq, B to K B 6, winning a piece. 

(j) To avoid, of course, the loss of the Q by B to Et 5 ch. 

Ik) It was no doubt tempting to win two pieces for the 
Book, but it would have been more prudent to move the K to 
Q 3, gaining another Pawn, and keeping his own Pawns united, 

(Ij Cleverly recovering the piece. 

fm) Mr. Bamett here offered a draw, which his opponent 
refused, relying doubtless on making havoc of White's ragged 



(n) Having been refused the draw, White now himseK plays 
to ynn by sacrificing his united Pawns, and pressing on with the 
others, but it was a risky attempt. 

(o) Et to E 6 would have improved his chances, for if Black 
replied with P to B 5, White would win by E to B 7, and if the 
B took Et P, then, of course, Et takes P ch, &c. 

(p) If R to B 6 ch, then 49 Et to B 6 ch, R tks Et ch, 
60 E takes R, E to E sq, 51 E to E 5, and draws. 

(q) A fatal error ; he had an easy draw by playing the Et 


Played in the even Tourney of the Irish Chess Association, 

September 27th, 1886. 

(French Defence.) 


(Mr. R. W. Bamett)(Mr. E. L. Harvey) (Mr. R. W. Baraett)(Mr. E. L. Harvey) 

1 P to E 4 

2 P to Q 4 

8 Et to Q B 8 
4 B to E Et 5 
6 B tks Et 

6 Et to B 8 

7 Et tks P 

8 P to E R 4 

9 E Et to Et 5 

10 P to E B 4 

11 Q to Q 8 (h) 

12 Et to E B 8 
18 P to E Et 4 
14 P tks P 

16 Et to Et 3 

16 P to R 5 

17 Et to E 6 

18 Et tks Et ch 

19 Q to Et 8 ch 

20 R tks P 

21 R tks P ch 

22 Et to B 7 ch 
28 Et tks Q 



Et to E B 8 ' 




Castles (a) 

Et to Q 2 

P to E Et 8 

P to E R 8 

E to Et 2 


P to E B 4 (c) 

E P tks P 

Et to B 8 


Et tks P 

P tks Et . 

E to R sq 

R to B 8 (d) 




24 Et to B 7 

25 Et to E 6 

26 Q to Q Et 8 

27 P to Q 6 

28 B P tks B 

29 Castles 

80 R to E sq 

81 P to E 6 

82 R tks B 
88 E to Q 2 

84 Q tks P 

85 E to B 8 

86 E to Et 4 

87 E to B 5 

88 Q tks P ch 

89 E to Q 6 

40 P to E 7 

41 R to E 6 

42 E tks R 

R to E sq ch 
R to E Et sq 
B tks Et 
R to Et 8 
R tks B ch 
E R to R 8 
R to Q 8 ch 
R to R 6 ch 
R to R 6 ch 
Q R to Q 5 
R to Et 8 ch 
R tks R ch 


44 Q to E 6 R tks Q ch 

45 E tks R Resigns. 

Notes by R. W. Babnett. 
(a) Premature ; Black's game is not sufficiently developed 
to justify castling. 



(b) Good. If Black reply P takes Kt, White continues 
12 B P takes P, B to Et 2 1 ; 18 Q to E B 8, with a fine position. 

(cj Apparently the best move at- Black's command, though 
dangerous as giving White an open Enight's file. 

(d) Black seems unaware of the full force of the combin- 
ation, but Q to B 8, the only alternative, would involve the loss 
of the exchange while leaving White in a strong attacking 


Played in the handicap tourney of the Irish Chess Association, 
Mr. Pollock giving Pawn and two moves to Mr. Barnett. 

(Remove Black's E B P.) 


(Mr. Barnett.) (Mr. Pollock.) 
1 P to E 4 

2 P to Q 4 
8 P to E B 4 

4 P to Q B 4 

5 B to E 8 

6 B tks P 

7 B to E 8 

8 Et to E B 8 

9 Et to B 8 

PtoE 8 
P to Q B 4 
PtoE 4 
Et to Q B 8 
Et to B 3 
Et to E Et 5 
BtoE 2 

10 Q to Q 2 

11 P to E B 6 (a) Et tks B (b) 

12 Q tks Et Castles (c) 
18 P to E Et 4 (d) Q to R 4 
14 P to E R 4 B to Q 2 

15 P to Et 5 

16 R to R 2 

17 R to Et 2 

18 P to R 5 

P to Q R 8 
E to R sq 
Et to Et 6 


20 Et to Et 6 ch E to Et sq (g) 

21 Et tks B ch E to B 2 

22 Et tks R P to Q 6 


(Mr. Barnett.) (Mr. Pollock.) 
28PtoEt6ch PtksP 

24 R P tks P ch E to E sq (h) 

25 Et to Q 6 ch E to E 2 

26 Et tks Et P Q to B 2 

27 Q to Et 5 ch R to B 8 

28 Et to Q 6 ch Et tks Et 

29 B P tks Et Q tks Et 

80 Castles 

81 Q R to Q 2 

82 Q tks R (t) 
88 P to Et 7 

84 E to Et sq 

85 B tks P 

86 R to Q 8 

B toR 6 
EtoQ 2 
Q to B sq ch 
Q to E Et sq 
EtoE 2 
QtoR 2 

87 PtoEt8(aQ) Q to R 8 ch 

88 R to Et sq Q tks P 
89RtoEt7ch E to Q 8 

40 Q to E 6 ch E to B 4 

41 R to B 7 ch E to Et 6 
42QtoEt6ch B to Et 4 
48 Q takes B mate. 




Notes by R. W. Barnett. 

This move isolates the hostile Enight. 

Best. Et to B 8 would have involved a fatal waste of 

By castling Black lays himself open to a strong attack. 
A powerful move. If instead White had played P to 



E E 4, Black could have replied Et to Q 5 with a winning 

(e) Threatening ultimately to play B to B 4 in case White 
play R to E Kt sq. 

(f) And White must at least win the exchange. 
(gj If P takes Et White mates in a few moves. 

(h) Forced. If E to B 8 or E to Et sq the Queen mates. 
(i) The sacrifice of the Queen is sound, and produces a 
brilliant finish. 


Played in the recent Cup Tournament of the Bristol and Clifton 
Chess Association. The first of three prizes offered by the Rev. 
J. Greene for the best games in the Tournament was awarded to 

this partie. 

(Evans Gambit.) 


(Rev. G. H. Jones.) (Rev. N. Tibbets.) 
1 P to E 4 - " 

2 Et to E B 8 
8 B to Q B 4 

4 P to Q Et 4 

5 P to (3 B 8 

6 P to Q 4 

7 Castles 

8 Q to Et 8 

9 P to E 6 

10 Et tks P 

11 Et tks P 

12 Q to Q sq (b) 
18 Q to E 2 

14 R to Q sq (e) 
16 Et to Q 6 ch 

16 P tks P 

17 B to R 8 

18 B to Et 8 

19 B to Et 2 

20 R to Q 6 (h) 

21 B tks Et P 

22 B tks P (i) 
28 P tks Et ch 
24 B to E Et 5 
26 B to E 8 

26 Q to Q 8 (k) 

27 R to Q 4 

Et to Q B 8 
B to Q B 4 
B tksP 
B toR 4 
QtoB 8 
Q to Et 8 
P to Et 4 (a) 
R to Et sq 
P to E R 8 (d) 
P to R 8 (/) 
P tks Et 
QtoB 8 
Q to B 6 (g) 
B to Et 6 
QtoB 4 
Q to Et 8 
R to E Et sq 
K to Q sq (j) 
Et tks P 
Q to Et 2 
E R to R sq 
P to Q R 4 

28 B to E B 4 (/) R to Q R sq 


(Rev. G. H. Jones.) (Rev. N. Tibbets.) 
29 B to Q 6 Et tks B 

80 R tks Et Q to B 8 

81 QRtoQBsqQtoE8(wi) 

82 B to B 7 ch E to E sq 
88 Et to Et 6 Q to Et sq 
84 Q to E 4 ch E to B sq 

86 Q to E B 4 (n) R toQ R 8 (o) 

86 R to E B 6 E to Et 2 

87 Et to E B 8 ! R to R 8 
88PtoER4(jo) PtoQ8 
89RtoQEt6 QtksP 

B to Q B 4 
R to E R 4 
E to B sq 
EtoE 2 

40 B tks R P ! 

41 B to Q 2 

42 P to E Et 4 
48 Q R tks B ! 
44 R to B 7 ch 
46 R tks B ch 

46 R to Et 7 ch E to E 8 

47 B tks R R to Q B 4 

48 R to Q 8 E to Q 4 (r) 

49 R tks P ch E to E 6 

60 R to E 7 ch (s) E tks Et (t) 

61 B to E 8 R to Q B 6 ? 

62 R tks P ch E to E 7 
64 R to Q 6 ch E to B 6 
66 R to E 8 ch E to Et 7 
66 R to Q 2 ch Resigns, (u) 


Notes bt C. E. Bankbn. 

(a) Unusual at this early period of the opening, but we are 
not prepared to say that it is bad. The book move is K Kt to 

(b) Best probably, for if Q to B 4, the reply P to Q B 8, 
followed by B to B 6, would prove troublesome. 

(c) If P to Q R 8 now, White can either play B to Q 8 
before removing his Et, or else Q to E 2 as in the text, threat- 
ening Et to E R 4. 

(rf) There are surely better ways than this of avoiding the 
loss of the Q. P to Q 4, for instance, as suggested by Mr. 
Vernon who sent us the game, seems safe and good. 

(e) We should have preferred to shut up the Q by 14 Et to 
R 4 and B to Q 8, followed probably by B to Et 2 or Et to 
Q 6 ch. 

(/) This was unwise ; he should rather have castled. 

(g) And here again castling was the proper course. 

(h) Q R to B sq was much stronger, as it compelled the Q 
to retreat to R 2 in order to prevent R takes Et. 

(i) There is such a thing as having too much game, and this 
appears to be White's case here. Instead of taking the R P the 
B should go to B 6. 

(j) Mr, Vernon suggests R to Et 8 as the proper move, and 
he is undoubtedly right. White's only answer was B to E 8, 
whereupon Black could continue with R to E 8. 

(k) Q R to Q sq is preferable as bringing another piece into 

(l) White's tardiness in developing his Q R is incomprehensi- 
ble ; he should certainly now play it to Q sq, threatening to 
foUow with B to E 6. 

(m) He does not improve his position by these moves of the 

(n) R to E B 5 at once looks more inviting : if Black de- 
fended with Q R to R 8, there would follow 86 B to Q 6 ch, and 
87 R takes B ch, &c., as the B E dared not move ; or if instead 
Black played Q to Et 8, then 86 B to E 5 wiU be found 
sufficiently decisive. 

(o) If Q takes R, 86 Q takes P ch, E to Et sq, 87 B to E 5, 
and wins. 

(jo) By his last few moves White has been losing ground, 
and by his present one he would have forfeited the exchange had 
his opponent replied correctly with P to Q 4. 

(q) We present a diagram of this complicated position, by 
which it will be apparent that White would have lost the game 
had he attempted to save his Queen, whereas by a lucky stroke 
he now maintains a winning advantage. 




Position after Black's 42nd move. 
Black (Mr. Tibbets.) 

White (Me. Jones.) 

The Pawn cannot be saved. 

Hastily played ; E to Et 2 wins right off. 

K E takes B, White mates neatly enough in two moves. 

For if the R covers, B to B 3 ch is the coup de grace. 

Played in the recent match between Bath and Bristol. 

(Sicilian Defence.) 


1 P to E 4 

2 Et to Q B 8 
8 Et to B 8 

4 B to Q B 4 
6 P to Q 8 

6 P to E R 8 (ft) 

7 Castles 


P to Q B 4 
Et to Q B 8 
P to E 4 (a) 
P to E R 8 
Et to B 8 
BtoE 2 


(Mr. D. Y. Mills, (Mr. E . Thorold, 
Bristol.) Bath^ 

8 Et to E sq (c) P to E Kt 4 

9 Et to Q 5 Et tks Et 

10 B tks Et 

11 Q to E B 8 

12 P to Q B 8 
18 Q to E 8 
14 E to R 2 

PtoER 4 
P to Et 5 


16 P to K B 4 

P tks K B P 

86 P to B 7 ch 


16 Q tkB P 


37 Kt to B 2 

Q toK 4 


Kt to K 4 

38E(B3)toB3(m)Q to Q 4 ch 

18 P to Q 4 

P to K B 6 (e) 

39 K to B sq 

Q tka E P 

19 Q to K 2 

Kt to B 3 

40 B to B 4 


20 B to K B 4 (/) P tks Q P 0;) 

41 K to K sq 

Q to K 4 ch 

21 B tks Et 


42 K to Q 2 


22 P tks Q P 

B to Kt aq 

43 R to B 3 


28 P to Q 5 

K to Et sq 

44 E to K B 3 


24 B to Q B Bq 

P tks E P (ft) 

45 E to Q sq 

Q to K B 4 

25 P tks B P 

K R to Kt 2 

46 K to K 2 


26 P tka P 

B to Q B sq 

47 Et to Q 8 

K toBsq 

27 P to Q Kt 4 

E to Kt 6 (i) 

48 B to B 5 

Q to Kt 3 

28 B to K B 3 (j) B to Kt 8 

49 K to B 2 

QtoB 3 

29 P to Kt 6 

B to K Kt 4 

50 K to K 2 

B tks E P 

80 B tka B 

Q B tks B 

51 Kt to E 5 

QtoQ 3 

81 Kt to Q 8 

Q to Kt 3 (k) 

52 Kt to Q 8 

B to Kt 5 

82 B (B 3) to B a 
S3 Q tks B 


53 B to K 5 

PtoR 6 

B tks Q ch 

54 K to B 2 


84 K tkB B 

QtoK 6 

55 K tks B 


35 R to B 3 

Q tksP 

and wins. 

Position after Bl 

lek'a 24th move 

BiACK (Mr 


White {Me. Miij.8.) 


Notes by Eev. J. E. Vernon. 

(a) . An unusual continuation, quite safe ; not deemed worthy 
of much notice, however, in " the books." 

(h) Seems necessary, to avoid B to Kt 5, followed by Kt 
to Q 5. 

(c) This seems premature ; better have waited till Black 
had castled, which he apparently intended to do next move ; 
White by now threatening P to K B 4, brings on the formidable 
attack which Black now begins.' 

(d) Obviously B takes P would not do, because of E to 
K B sq. The move made seems preparatory to P to K E 4, 
foUowed by P to K Kt 8. 

(e) Well-timed. K on the previous move White had played 
18 P to K E 4, E to Kt sq, 19 P to K Kt 8, B tks E P ! 

(f) Threatening P takes Q B P. 

(g) Decidedly best for obvious reasons. 

(h) Attack and defence in this critical game are both ad- 
mirably conducted. (See diagram.) 

(i) A bold, but unsound move, ventured, no doubt, because 
White's counter-attack now threatened to become very formidable. 

(j) An error in judgment from which the loss of the game 
may be said to date. The E might safely have been taken, e.g. 
28 B takes E, P takes B ch (best), 29 K to Kt 2, B takes E P ch, 
80 K takes B, Q to B sq ch, 81 K to Kt 2, E to K E sq, 82 Q to 
Kt 5 ch, forcing exchange of Queens and wins. There are other 
variations, but a httle examination will show that White conies 
out with a winning advantage. 

(k) A fine move, threatening E takes E then mate, or if 
White take E, Q retakes, mate ! 

(l) But here Black for a wonder missed his way, Q to K 6 
wins right off! For if Q takes Q, Q E to Kt 7 mate; and if 
Q to K B 8, Q takes Q and mates if E retake. 

(m) Threatened folk live long, Black K B P has long been in 
danger, trusting to be avenged if he fell ; now if E takes K B P, 
Q to Kt 4 ch wins the other Eook. No more notes are needed. 
White struggles gallantly, but no skill could retrieve the game. 


(Centre Counter Gambit.) 


(Mr. A. RumboU, (Rev. J. E.Yemon, 
Bath.) Bristol.) 

lPtoK4 PtoQ4 

2 P tks P Q tks P 


(Mr. A. Rumboll, (Rev. J. E.Vernon, 
Bath.) Bristol.) 

3 Q to B 3 (a) Kt to K B 3 

4 Kt to B 3 Q to Q E 4 



6 P to E B 8 (6) 

7 B to Kt 3 (d) 
9 Castles 

10 P to Q 4 

11 B to E sq 

12 Et to B 4 
18 Et to B 5 
14 P tks P 
16 P to Et 8 

16 B to Et 6 

17 B to E B 4 

18 Et to E 4 

19 B tks B 

20 P to Q B 4 
22 B tks B 

28 E B to E sq 

24 Et to B 4 

25 B to B 2 (k) 

26 Q to E 8 

P to B 8 (c) 
BtoB 4 
QtoB 2 
Castles EB(/) 
P to Et 6 
Et tks P (h) 
E to B sq 
B to E Et sq 
BtoE 2 
Et to B sq 
B tks Et 
P to E B 4 
Et to B 8 
Q to E sq (Z) 

27 E to Et 2 

28 B to E B sq 

29 Q tks Et 

80 Q B to E sq 

81 B to Q sq 

82 Q to E 5 ch 
88 B to E B 4 

Et to E B 4 
Et tks Et ch 
Q B to Et 2 
Q to Q sq {m) 
BtoQ 2 
E to Et sq 
E B to Et 2 

84QBtoEBsq PtoQEt3(») 
85BtoB8 QtoB2 

86 Q to E 8 

87 B to B 5 
89 B to B 8 (^) 

40 Q to E 2 

41 B tks Et 

42 B to E B sq 
48 B tks P 

44 B to B 8 

45 B to Q sq 

46 Q tks Q 

47 B tks B 

B to B 8 
Q to Q sq 
Et to Et 8 ! 
Et tks B ch 
QtoQ 3 
B to Et 2 («) 

48 BtoB4andBlackwinseasily. 






Notes by Bev. J. E. Vernon. 

Et to Q B 8 at once is the usual and best move. 

Unnecessary and therefore lost time. 

The key-move of this defence, securing a good retreat 

P to Q 8 was better, as yielding a quicker development. 
There was nothing in Q to E 4 but loss of time. 
Black has now secured an excellent position. 
Boldly seizing the opportunity of attack ; P to E 4 might 
also have been ventured, but the reply Et to Q 5 would have 
given White some advantage. 

(h) Of course B takes P would lose a piece. 
(i) Et to E B 8 here was tempting and might have yielded 
a winning attack if White rephed 18 B to E B 6 ch, but if he 
had repUed 18 Et to E B 6 Black would have gained nothing. 
Here is one possible variation ; — 18 B to E B 6 ch, Et takes B ; 
19 Et takes Et, B takes E Et P I ; 20 Et takes B, B takes Et ; 
21 E to B sq I ; and Black has a hopeful attack. 
(j) A good move, threatening P to Q 5 ! 
(k) To prevent Et to E 5. 

(I) A weak move, as White might have replied Et to Q 5 ; 
Black's best reply would be Q B to E Et 2, the following continu- 



ation is then probable : — 28 Et takes Et, Q to Q sq ; 29 Q to E 5, 
Et to Et 8 ; 80 Q to E 8, Q takes Et (if Q takes P, B to E 2 wins 
Q) ; 81 Q takes E P, and White has won a P, for Black could 
not safely take Q P, e.g. 81 Q takes Q P ; 82 Q B to Q sq, B 
takes Et P ch ; 88 E to B sq, and will win. 

(m) n now B to Et 5, Q takes EBP! 

(n) Aiming at P to Q B 4. 

(o) Intending P to E B 6. 

(p) Offering the exchange of Q's just now declined, but if 
now Q takes Q, Black mast lose the exchange. 

(q) A mistake which cost the game. Mr. Bumboll after- 
wards remarked that he should have played B to E 8 ! to which 
Black's answer might be P to E B 5, if then B takes P, B takes 
B, Q takes B, Q takes B. 

(r) Threatening Q takes B. 

(s) Black has now an easy task. 


First game in the match at New York between Messrs. Mackenzie 

and Lipschiitz. 

(Buy Lopez.) 


(Capt. Mackenzie.) 

1 P to E 4 

2 Et to E B 8 
8 B to Et 5 

4 Castles 

6 Et to B 8 

7 P to Q 5 (6) 

8 B to Q 8 

9 Et to E 2 

10 Et to Et 8 

11 P to E B 8 

12 Et to B 2 (c) 
18 P to E B 4 
14 B takes P 


(Mr. Lipschiitz.) 
PtoE 4 
Et to Q B 8 
Et to B 8 
P to Q 8 (a) 
Et to Q Et sq 
B to Et 5 
Q Et to Q 2 
Et to B sq 
Et to Et 8 


(Capt. Mackenzie.) (Mr. Lipschiitz.) 
16 Q to Q 2 - ^ 

16 Et to B 8 

17 P to B 8 

18 Q tks Et 

19 Q B to E sq 

20 P to E 6 

21 Q to B 6 

22 B tks P 
28 Et to B 5 {g) Et tks Et 

24 B tks Et B to B 4 ch 

25 E to B sq Q to E 2 

26 B tks P Q to Et 2 

27 B tks P ch E to B sq 

28 B to B 5 dis ch Besigns. 

B to E B 8 
Et tks B 
P to E Et 8 
Et to Et 2 {d) 
B to E 2 (e) 

Notes by C. E. Bakken. 

(a) This leads to what Mr. Steinitz would call ''a depressed 
game " for Black. The more usual and enterprising defence is 
Et takes P, and B to E 2 is also safe. 



(b) B to E 6q is perhaps a stronger line of action here, as it 
threiatens, if Black castles, to win a Pawn by 8 B tks Et, B takes 
B, 9 P takes P, P takes P, 10 Q takes Q, B takes Q, 11 Et takes 
P ; for now if B takes P, 12 Et takes B, Et takes Et, 18 Et to 
Q 8, winning a piece. 

(c) Et to R 4 would not be advantageous, on account of the 
reply P to E Et 8, threatening Et takes E P, which could not 
be done at once after Et to B 4 because of 18 E Et to B 6, B 
takes Et, 14 Et tks B, Et to B 8, 16 B to Et 5 ch, Et (B sq) to 
Q 2, 16 Et tks Et P ch, E to B sq, 17 B to B 6, &c. 

(d) Black has partially freed himself from his cramped posi- 
tion, but this move does not help him. Q to E 2 now would 
mean B to E 4 to follow, and if to prevent this White pushed on 
the E P, then P tks P, Et tks P, and Black could win a Pawn by 
Q to B 4 ch. 

(e) He should have exchanged Pawns before retiring the 

(f And here P to E B 4 seems to be his best resource. 

{g) This elegant coup forces the game, for if Black answers 
with R to B 2, which is his only chance. White can proceed 
apparently by Et to Et 5, creating a very compHcated position. 
We must content ourselves, however, with giving a diagram, 
leaving the analysis to our readers. 

Position after White's 28rd move. 
Black (Mb. Lipsghutz.) 




White (Capt. Mackenzie.) 



Pboposed New Defence. 
To the Editor of the British Chess Maqazine. 
Deas Sir, 

In the frequently plajed variation, 


1. P to K 4 1. P to K 4 

2. Kt to K B 3 2. Kt to Q B 3 
8. P to Q 4 8. P takes P 

4. Kt takes P 4. B to Q B 1 

5. B to K 3 


Position after White's fifth move. Position after Black's seventh more. 
Black here usaally moves 

6. Q to K B 8 
Snppose he instead force the exchange of pieces, viz. : — 

S. B takes Et 

6. B taliee B 6. Et talies B 

7. Q takes Kt 7. Q to K B 3 now,' 
Bla«k thus offers the exchange of Queens, which, if accepted, 

at once exhausts White's attack, and Black is better developed 
BO early as the eighth move in the opening, viz. : — 

8. Q takes Q (or A) 8. Kt takes Q 

9. P to K 5 t 9. Kt to K Kt 5 
10. PtoKB4{a) 10. KttoK6(6)\ 

or 10. Castles I 

or 10. P to K B 8 j 



If, instead of exchanging Queens, White play the natural 
move of 

8. P to K 6 I (c) 

I propose in reply for Black the new move of 

8. QtoKKtSl 

[in place of 8 ..., 8 Q to Q Et 8 — again offering exchange of 
Queens — as given in some of the <* books," and which is inferior 
for Black.] 

Attacking White*s Q B Pawn, E Et Pawn, and preventing 
the immediate development of his Eing's Bishop. 

What is now White's best play ? 

If 9. Q to Q B 4, perhaps Black may safely bring out 

9. Et to E 2 (or B) 
and if then 

10. QtakesQBP 10. Et to Q B 8 

shutting in White's Queen for the temporary loss of a Pawn, 
but with a better position than White. 

11. Et to Q B 8 11. Q to E 6 ch, &c. 
But Black, instead of 9 Et to E 2 may play 


9. PtoQB8(d) 
preserving his Q B Fawn, {e) 

It appears to me, on a prima f(icie examination, that this line 
of play simplifies the game, breaks up White's attack almost 
on the threshold of the opening, and safely avoids White's various 
subtle attacks (Blackbume's, Paulsen's, Fleissig's, &c.) arising 
in the forms of the *' Scotch" as usually seen after Black's sixth 
move of E Et to E 2. 

'The argument hitherto has been against the exchange of 
pieces by Black at moves five and six, because it brings White's 
Queen into a commanding position at her fourth square ; but the 
question now is, can that apparently commanding position be 
effectually and almost immediately neutralised by the second 
player, and proved not to be so commanding after tJl by the line 
of defence I suggest ? 

I remain, dear Sir, yours faithfally, 

6B9 Eathgar Road, Tbos. Long. 

County DMin, Oct, 1886, 



(a) If 10 Kt to Q B 8, 10 P to Q B 8 (perhaps better than 

10 ..., 10 Kt tks K P), 11 P to K B 4, 11 Kt to K 6 ; or 11 P to 
K B 8 ; or 11 Castles. 

(b) K 10 ..., 10 Kt to K 6 ; 11 Kt to R 8, 11 Kt tks B ; or 

11 Castles. 

(c) If, instead, 8 Q to Q B 8, 8 P to Q 8; 9 Q takes Q B P, 
9 Q takes Q Kt P ; 10 Q to Q B 8, 10 Q to Q B 8 ch ; 11 K to 
K 2, 11 Kt to K B 8 ; 12 Kt to Q R 8, 12 Q to K B 5 ; and 
Black's game is as good as White's. 

(d) Or 9 ..., 9 P to Q 8 ; 10 Q takes Q B P, 10 Q to K 6 ch, 
and Black recovers the Pawn, havii^ as good a development as 

(e) If White now continue 10 Kt to Q 2 or Q R 8, Black 
brings out his K Kt to K 2, or plays P to Q 8, with as good a 
game as White, if not better. 


In addressing our readers at the close of another volume we 
have nothing very special to say. Editor and co-operators are 
doubtless thankful they have all got to the end of another year's 
hard work in the service of the Chess public, and we may all 
venture to congratulate ourselves that the principal events of the 
year have been efficiently dealt with in our columns. The 
importance of some of these events has compelled us considerably 
to exceed our usual average of space, and this year's issue consists 
of thirty-six pages more than its predecessor, and no less than 
150 pages more than the 6/- subscribers have a right to expect. 
The additional expense thus incurred will prevent us from 
presenting our subscribers with a photographic frontispiece in 
January as in recent years, but if the stirring appeal from Mr. 
Long on our opening page has its due effect, we hope to be able 
to continue the series before long. For the benefit of new sub- 
scribers, and as a reminder to old ones, we may state that we 
only guarantee twenty-eight pages a month for the ordinary 
subscription. AU additions to this are devoted to adding extra 
pages when necessary, or in other ways increasing the attractions 
of the magazine. Subscriptions for Vol. VII. will be welcome at 
the early convenience of our friends, and in conclusion we wish all 



Ajcebioa. — According to Mr. Steinitz's magazine, the project 
of a Sixth American Chess Congress is by no means abandoned 
or postponed on account of the partial cold shouldering which it 
has met with. The committee has been reconstituted, it appears, 
on the principle of election by ballot, and the meetings are now 
held every week. In a sort of informal preliminary programme 
it is announced that in order to collect the sum of $5000 which 
will be required to provide a first prize of $1000, as well as the 
other prizes and expenses, it is proposed to invite subscriptions 
of $10 each (£2), which will entitle the contributor to the Book 
of the Congress to be edited by Mr. Steinitz. This book will be 
copyrighted in different countries; and issued only to subscribers 
of the above amount, and as the plates will be destroyed after 
the first and only edition is printed, the book will soon become 
very scarce and valuable. It is also proposed that in case the 
winner of the principal tourney shall at the close of it be 
challenged, a match of seven games up for the championship of 
the world shall then take place, the games being embodied in the 
book of the Congress. The rules as to the right of challenge 
and the amount of stakes in such a contest are to be settled 
hereafter, but it is intended that the player challenged shall not 
in any case be a pecuniary loser if he fulfil the conditions. Thus 
for the first time in Chess history the tournament test and the 
match test will be combined, and it is hoped that this arrange- 
ment will put a stop to those bickerings which have often followed 
important tourneys. With a few slight alterations (especially 
of the rule about drawn games), the committee propose to adopt 
the regulations of the London Tourney of 1883. Whether they 
will succeed in obtaining sufficient support for their project 
remains to be seen ; we heartily wish them success, and the only 
point we would ask them to re-consider is the too great difference 
which seems intended to be made between the first and second 

The score in the match between Capt. Mackenzie and Mr. 
Lipschiitz stands as follows: — Mackenzie, 4; Lipschiitz, 8; 
drawn, 5. 

The annual Handicap Tourneys of the New York and Man- 
hattan Clubs have commenced. The former has 25 entries 
divided into six classes ; in the latter there are five prizes ranging 
from $40 to $5. 


The newly founded Brooklyn Chess Club now has over lOQ 
members. Mr. Steinitz was to give an exhibition of simultaneous 
play there on November 2nd. 

Long distance Chess seems now to be the fashion, for besides 
the St. Petersburg and London, and St. George's (London) and 
New York telegraphic matches, a correspondence match of two 
games, draws counting one half, has been arranged between the 
Boston Club and that of Milan. The New York and St. George's 
match will consist of six simultaneous games. 

The Virginia State Chess Association has been recently 
holding its annual meeting. Delegates from all parts of the 
State were present, and in a tourney with 15 entries Mr. Kirk- 
patrick was the victor. 

Three more matches have taken place at Havana, between 
Messrs. Golmayo and Vasquez, of which each won one with a 
score of 5 to 4, and Sen. Golmayo won the third with a total 
of 6 to 1. 

Mr. W. H. Lyons, of Newport, Kentucky, claims to have on 
sale the largest stock and best assortment of Chess works and 
materials in America. He lately sent us a catalogue containing 
all the best modern Chess treatises and pubHcations, as well as 
many rare old books upon the game. 

Pifias del Ajedres (Chess blunders), is the title of a singular 
collection of 100 games published by Senor Cowan, of Mexico. 
It is intended to illustrate, for the comfort and encouragement of 
young players, the mistakes which are sometimes made even in 
important games by great masters. Appended to the work is a 
Spanish translation of a Hebrew poem by Rabbi Aben-Ezra in 
praise of Chess, written in the 12th century and translated 
in 1492. 

Australia. — We have received two numbers of the Tribune, a 
weekly newspaper published at Sydney, and containing a Chess 
column. We do not at present know who is responsible for the 
Chess, but the column appears to be very well edited as far as it 
goes, though it does not include any problems, and has very 
little Chess news. We gather from it, however, that the 2nd 
and 3rd prizes in the Sydney School of Arts' Tourney have 
been gained by Messrs. Heimann and Friedich. 

From the Sydney Mail we learn that a competition was about 
to take place between the two Sydney Clubs for two valuable 
prizes presented by Mr. R. Smith. The first is a ten guinea 
trophy, the possession of which would be determined by the result 
of a team match between the clubs, with seven on each side, and 
two games between each pair of players. The other trophy, 
valued at seven guineas, was to go to the winners of two con- 
Bultation games, with three on each side. 


Fbanob. — Messrs. Triibner and Co. request us to mention 
that they have still on sale a few copies of the following Chess 
work, in French, relating to the first French International 
Congress. Contents : — 1. An account of the Congress of 1867 
and of previous Chess Congresses, by M. Alphonse d' Esclands ; 
2. Analysis of the games played in the Tourney for the Emperor's 
prize, in the La B<§gence Tourney, and in the various matches ; 
8. Collection of problems sent to the competition ; 4. New classi- 
fication of the Openings, and Index ; 5. Fundamental rules and 
regulations of the game of Chess, with comments and solution of 
controverted points, by 6. B. Neumann and J. Amous de Bivi^re. 

Austria. — We received not long since a copy of a newspaper 
in the English language published at Vienna, and entitled the 
Vienna Weekly News. It contains a Chess column, but by whom 
conducted we are not informed. At any rate, as it is the first 
venture of the kind, it has our best wishes. 

OEBiiANT. — In 1887 the Berlin Chess Club will attain its 
sixtieth year, and it proposes to celebrate the occasion with a 
Congress comprising various Tourneys. It is hoped also that 
Mr. Steinitz may be induced to take this opportunity of visiting 
Berlin in order to play a match with Herr L. Paulsen, who is 
very anxious to measure himself against the champion in a set 

Italy. — Signer Salvioli of Venice has finished the publication 
of his large work, the " Theory and Practice of Chess." It 
cpnsists of two volumes of 800 pages, and contains 500 games of 
celebrated masters. 

BussiA. — ^It has been publicly stated that the Bussian candi- 
date for the Bulgarian throne is Prince Michael, the Dadian of 
Mingreha, who is well known as a brilliant Chess-player. If 
the Bulgarians are to have no free choice of their future ruler 
it may be better that the Prince who is forced upon them should 
at any rate possess the mental qualifications indicated by his 
being a proficient in such a noble and difficult game as Chess. 
For the benefit of those not acquainted with the locality, we may 
mention that Mingrelia is on the Eastern side of the Black Sea. 


After tea I had challenged my whole to a game; 

But results I so faultily reckoned, 
I got into my first, and alas! to my shame 

I could not get out of my second. 

W. C. G. 



On Saturday, Oct. 80th, a most interesting gathering of Chess- 
players of all degrees of strength was held at the Imperial hotel, 
Clifton, in the fine Chess room of the Bristol and Clifton Chess 
Association, the committee of the Clifton Club having engaged to 
find opponents from among the Kt and Book classes and the new 
fnembers who had recently joined, to meet in a friendly trial of 
strength a team from the City Chess and Draughts Club. It was 
agreed that members of the older club who had become members 
also of the younger should not be allowed to play on either side. 
Play began at 5-80, and very soon after there were fourteen 
couples engaged. Two games were to be played at each board, 
and only one was unfinished at 9.80, when it was arranged to 
finish the play. The City President, Mr. J. Burt, returned thanks 
for the cordial reception of his players, to which Mr. W. Berry 
suitably responded. Score : — Bristol and Clifton Club, 10 ; City 
Club, 17. 

The Bristol City Chess and Draughts Club and the Bath 
Chess Club met for a friendly contest at the AthensBum, Bath, 
on Saturday evening, Nov. 6th. There were seventeen players 
on each side. Mr. J. Burt, of the Bristol Club, did not compete, 
on account of Mr. Thorold, of the home side, not appearing. 
Success rested with the Bathonions, who won 17^ games against 
18^ scored by the Bristohans. The visitors having been thanked 
for kindly providing the evening's amusement, Mr. Burt said their 
club was young and inexperienced, and they came to Bath for 
experience. They had been beaten, but he trusted that when the 
clubs met for the return match the Bristol club would show a 
stronger front. They were promoting as many matches as possible, 
believing them to be conducive to good Chess and good fellow- 
ship, and they were about to meet the Bristol Working Men's 
Club shortly. Mr. W. E. Hill, who was thanked for the part he 
had taken in connection with the match, said it was held at Mr. 
Burt's suggestion. He hoped next time they would have a 
harder tussle. 

The most important local Chess match of the season, so far, 
was played on Saturday, November 18th, at the County Forum, 
Market Street, Manchester, the combatants being the St. Ann's 
Chess Club apd the Sheffield Chess Association, each represented 
by nine players. The Sheffield Chess Association is a federation 
of clubs including Eotherham, Bamsley, Penistone, &c., and is 
at present the premier match playing Chess organisation in 
Yorkshire, holding the Woodhouse Challenge Cup, which it won 
from the Bradford Chess Club last year. Saturday's match termi- 
nated in favour of St. Ann's by five games to one and three draws. 


Chess is evidently on the increase in South East Lancashire^ 
for a new club has been formed at Shaw, near Oldham, whose 
members have courageously pitted themselves against a strong 
Manchester team. A Chess Club has also been formed at Boyton, 
near Oldham, the members of which are busily engaged with 
their first Handicap Tournament. 

Handicap Chess and Draughts Tournaments are in progress 
at the Rochdale Chess Club ; 16 member entered for the first, 
and 14 for the latter. The handicappers were Sergt. James T. 
Palmer, and the Secretary, Mr. C. L. Whipp. The Chess 
tournament is to be conducted on the balloting system, the eight 
losers in the first round retiring from the tournament. Entrance 
fee, 6d. 

In the Draughts Tournament each competitor contests six 
games with every other competitor. • 


Chess in London. 

** Blessed is the nation that has no history ! ** said somebody 
and with great truth too, for is not history made up of wars and 
rumours of wars, crimes and criminal doings and ** moving 
accidents by flood and field ? " That being so, it follows that 
the less often such events occur in a nation the less history 
there is to write, but the greater is the happiness of the great 
body of the people. In this sense, and this only, I am glad to 
say that I have no history to write of Chess for the last month. 
I have to record no ** storm in a tea-pot " over a disputed analy- 
sis, no tearing of the elements ** to very tatters " over some 
club dispute or private bickering. No, thank Heaven, so far as 
I have knowledge of Chess here, all has been quiet and peaceful ; 
* * monster' ' tournaments have been arranged and partly played ; club 
matches have been carried out and all with perfect serenity and 
peace. ** And why for no ? '* as Mac Gtirnix says, and for my 
part I can really give no reason why any other state of things 
should occur, but still aU the same it is a good time for Chess 
when peace prevails. 

In the City of London Chess Club the great feature, of 
course, is the great Tournament of 130 players. ♦Each of its 
10 sections is made up of 13 players as a rule, but there are a 
few exceptions to this. In section No. 1 for example there are 15 
players in all. This section naturally attracts the most atten- 
tion as it is made up of some of the very strongest amateurs. It 
consists of one first class player, the Rev. G. A. MacDonnell, and 


14 second class players, the Rev. J. de Soyres, and Messrs. Anger, 
Block, Chappell, Griffiths, Heppell, Hooke, Jacobs, Laws, Mocatta, 
Rynd, Stevens, Wainwright, and Woon. These 14 players are 
as strong a body of amateurs as have ever sat down to play, and 
with the addition of some half score other players (such as Donis- 
thorpe, Gattie, Guest, Mills, Wayte, &c.) would embrace the 
whole of what may be considered the "cream" of London Chess. 
Many of them are old players of the City but others are '* new 
recruits " there though well known in Chess in other quarters. 
This is the case with the Rev. J. de Soyres who has but lately 
joined the club, and Mr. Porterfield Rynd whose reputation has 
been won in the ** Green Island." Mr. Rynd brings with him 
a great name both as a blindfold and over the board player, and 
doubts were at one time held whether he should be placed with 
the first or second class, the more especially as he took part in 
the late Nottingham Master Tournament. He is playing ex- 
tremely well although at this moment he does not head the 
section as he has lost one game to Mr. Jacobs. Mr. Jacobs is at 
present leading, having won aU his games played except one which 
was drawn. As he has defeated (amongst others) Mr. Hooke, Mr. 
Rynd, and Mr. Wainwright, as also the Rev. de Soyres — four of 
the strongest players in the section, his chances are hopeful of 
coming out the absolute winner, though in such a strong section 
as this, there must be ** many a shp 'twixt the cup and the lip," 
and the coveted honour may yet be snatched from him. His 
play so far has been really excellent, and his victories are most 
creditable to him. Mr. Heppell too is still a formidable opponent 
as he, Hke Mr. Rynd, has only lost one game, though with a fewer 
number played, but on the other hand he has still Mr. Jacobs to 
meet and the issue of that game will have an important bearing 
upon the issue. Mr. MacDonnell has resigned as he was not able to 
keep his engagements, and Mr. B. G. Laws has also been obliged 
to withdraw from the contest, his health, I am sorry to say, not 
allowing him to play. There are two sections (of 13 players 
each) of third class players comprising most of the strongest of 
the class. At present Messrs. Bussey, Lowe, and Stiebel are 
leading in one section, and Messrs. Copeland, Durrant, and 
Jones in the other. 

In the British Chess Club the little tournament I referred 
to last month is now concluded with the result that Mr. D. Y. 
Mills won first prize with the capital score of 4 out of 5, Mr. 
Hooke taking the second with 3 J out of 5. Close upon these came 
Mr. Shepperd with 3 out of 5. Mr. Shepperd is a new member 
of the British Club, and has proved himself a formidable rival of 
the best of them. Mr. Shepperd is also a me